US 389624 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
2 Sheets-Sheet 1.
Patented sept. 18, 1888.
. (No Model.)
I J. B. WILSON.
VBNBEB.. lNO. 389,624.
N. PETERS. Pngwumosnpher, wumngwn, D. c.
` 2 Sheets-'Sheet 2,
Patented v4.SeptlV 1.8,` A18588.
J. B.k WILSON. VBNEER.
UNITED STATES f JOHN B. WILSON, OF NEV YORK, N. Y.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters PatentlNo. 389,624, dated September 18, 1888. Application filed` October 8,*1837. ScrIalNo. 251.797. (No model.)
To all whom, it may concern:
Be it knownl that I, JOHN B. WILSON, of the city, county, and State of New York, have invented a certain new and useful Improvement in Veneers, of which the following is a full,
iract, and clear description, reference being had to theaccompanying drawings, in which- Figure l is a sectional or edge view of one of my improved veneers. Fig. 2 is aperspective view of same. Fig. 3 is an edge or sectional view of another one of my said veneers having irregular corrugations. Fig. 4 is an end View of a knife and accompanying machinery adapted to produce my improved veneers. Fig. 5 is a front view of apart of Fig. 4, showing side view of the end presented in Fig. 4L and the remainder of the apparatus broken away, as being unessential to description.
`My invention relates to a new and useful improvement in the manufacture of veneers.
Letters Patent for an improved veneer have been heretofore granted to me, No. 73,421. My present invention constitutes au improvement upon that described in said patent. By my said former invention I produced a veneer presenting'a much more rich or complicated figure77 of grain than could be produced by the precedent method of cutting the veneer from thelog by means of astraight or flat cnt. For the latter I substituted a waved, crimped, or corrugated cut; but a veneer produced by such wave'd, crimped, or corrugated cut, as described in my said former patent, and as heretofore practiced by myself, is open to the objection that it often presents in parallel and unnatural looking stripes over its surface those portions of the figure of the wood which are the most enriched by such cut. Such cuts, whose waves or corrugations are straight and parallel, frequently produce a veneer whose grain will at the tops and in the bottoms of the corrugations, as at A and B in the drawings, approximate closely to the ligure of grain produced by an ordinary straight and level cut, while the grain produced by that portion of the out extending between such top and bottom will, inasmuch as it separates the veneer from the log at a greater or less angle, as at C C in the drawings, more or less vary from the appearance of the grain produced by such straight cut.
The enrichment of the appearance of the grain produced by my former invention has been great; but the said uniformity of yariations has proved objectionable. Ihe object of my present invention is to remedy this defect yand to produce a veneer the grain of which shall be vastly richer in appearance than that of a veneer produced by either a straight or a merely corrugated cut, and in which the variation and enrichment of the grain shall be so wavy and irregular as to more closely simulate nature. I attain this object by means of my invention, which consists in the production, as a new article of manufacture, of a veneer having sinuous waves, crimps, or corrugations A and B, as shown in Fig. 2, which is a p erspective view of a vportion of one of my 1mproved veneers as same is cut from the log and prior to its being pressed out in the usual and well-known manner for application to another shaped surface.
In the production of my said improved veneers I propose to make use of machinery and processes which will become the subject of a subsequent application for Letters Patent, inasmuch as I do not here wish to be confined to any particular instrument, machine, or process of cutting my said improved veneers, as any apparatus which may be found expedient may be used to produce them, and a variety of processes might be employed with varying success. In order, however, that one method at least of producing my said improved veneers may be here described, I have illustrated same by one arrangementof knife and accompanying mechanical parts, which is competent to produce the result desired.
It will be seen that byimparting sinuosity` to the corrugations in the direction of the latters length the irregularity and variety of the appearance of the grain throughout the finished veneer is increased and a veneer producedof entirely different and greatly improved appearance as compared with that secured by said former Letters Patent. I also further add to the appearance of the figure of the grain by varying the depth,relative to each other, of each wave, crimp, or corrugation, as
illustrated by the sectional View7 Fig'. 3. By means of combining,r the said sinnosities with such Variations in depth of corrugations infinite variety in the appearance of thc grain may be secured.
My improved veneer may be cut,as aforesaid, lengthwise of, crosswise of, or at any intermediate angle with the grain of the log.
As in the case of my said former invention, I propose generally in the use of my improved veneers to press them out flat to apply to plane surfaces; but they may be made, adapted, and applied to corrugated or otherwise shaped sur faces with perfect facility, as will be understood by those familiar with the manufacture and use o1" Veneers.
That I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-
JOHN B. WILSON.
WM. Co'r'rEn DICK, WM. TRAVERS J EaoirE.