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Publication numberUS3896271 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 22, 1975
Filing dateMay 2, 1973
Priority dateMay 2, 1972
Also published asDE2322173A1, DE2322173B2, DE2322173C3
Publication numberUS 3896271 A, US 3896271A, US-A-3896271, US3896271 A, US3896271A
InventorsIshigaki Yukinobu, Ohba Masahiro, Ohwaki Isao, Sasamura Kohei
Original AssigneeVictor Company Of Japan
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
System for a multichannel record disc with crosstalk compensation provided during recording
US 3896271 A
Abstract  available in
Images(3)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent Ishigaki et al.

Victor Company of Japan, Ltd., Yokohama, Japan Filed: May 2, 1973 Appl. No.: 356,378

Assignee:

Foreign Application Priority Data May 2, 1972 Japan 47-43260 U.S. Cl ..l79/100.4 ST; l79/l0().4 C; 179/1 GQ; 179/1TD' Int. Cl Gllb 3/00; G1 1b 3/74 Field ofSearch...179/l TD, 100.2 K, 100.2 MD, 179/lO0.4 ST, 100.4 C, 1 GO, 1 ST, 1 R, 1 BT; 360/65, 66, 124

[451 July 22,1975

[56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,727,096 12/1955 Singer l79/l00.2 K 3,435,144 3/1969 Csicsatka 179/15 BT 3,686,471 8/1972 Takahasi 179/l00.4 ST

Primary Examiner-Bernard Konick Assistant Examiner-David K. Moore [57] ABSTRACT A cutting and recording system for multichannel discs has means for applying beforehand crosstalk compensation correction components to the recording signals. This compensation cancels a crosstalk component produced between left and right channels during the recording of rn ultiplexed signals on a disc. This cross- 4 Claims, 4 Drawing Figures 13 15 to; H DELAY MlX ob MATRIX r i, ANGLE EMIT (cm- MOD FOLL cm) 321 31. V as s 19 21 PHASE PHASE EMIT i 1 SHIFT mv FOLL AMP 22 osc 23 l m PHASE PHASE EMII 11 AMP SHIFT mv Fou. v o (CW 33 as 31 20 L. CH. |L ANGLE EM MOD F0 o MATRIX 1'; 31 Q gcHa+cH DELAY Mix JU 22 m PATENTED L 5 SHEET 1 1,896,271

FIG. I PRmR ART CH1 CH1+CH2) CH2 MATRIX (cm-cm) DELAY I MIX 19 2% (CHB-rCHL) NGLE I 1( f2 MOD 14 AM ATRIX (CH3 cm. 9- E 1 10d 7- 16 AMP 10c 12 DELAY Mlx 2o ANGLE FIG. 4

L o J L-CH g I $40 CH 1/ g H* RCH 51'" 0-1.0

26 1k I 1( iK2bK 5014 (Hz) FREQUENCY PATENTEDJUL 22 ms SHEET FIG. 3

DELAY (CHPCHZ) AMP AMP

DELAY (CH3+ CH4) SYSTEM FOR A MULTICHANNEL RECORD DISC WITH CROSSTALK COMPENSATION PROVIDED DURING RECORDING BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention relates generally to a cutting and recording system for a multichannel record disc, and more particularly, to a system for cutting a multichannel record disc, wherein a componentv for nullifying or canceling crosstalk is added to the signal to eliminate crosstalk occurring at the time of recording.

In general, we have previously proposed a compatible-discrete, 4-channel (CD-4) system, which has already been reduced to practice. The direct wave of the sum signal of two channels out of four channel signals and an angular modulation wave of the difference signal of the two channels are multiplexed at the time of recording. The resulting signal is recorded on one of the wall surfaces of the sound groove. With respect to the other two channels, multiplexing is carried out in the same way. The resulting signal is recorded on the other wall surface of the sound groove.

In this recording system, there is a crosstalk of angular modulated waves, between the left and right channels. Crosstalk is produced by the process wherein the electrical signal applied to the cutting stylus or cutter is converted into a mechanical vibration, as described hereinafter in detail. When crosstalk occurs in this manner, it appears as distortion during playback or reproduction, and the reproduced tone quality deteriorates.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION Accordingly, the present invention contemplates adding to the recording signal a component for nullifying the above mentioned crosstalk component. The recording of multichannel signals on a disc follows without the occurrence of crosstalk.

It is a prime object of the invention to provide a new and useful multichannel disc cutting and recording system in which crosstalk is prevented at the time of the recording of multichannel signals on a disc.

Another object of the invention is to provide a multichannel disc recording system wherein an opposite crosstalk component, of opposite phase and equal quantity relative to the crosstalk component, is introduced beforehand into the recording signal. Recording is carried out with the net result that crosstalk is prevented from occurring.

Still another object of the invention is to provide a multichannel disc recording system wherein, by merely adjusting components such as a variable resistor and a phaseshifting circuit in accordance with the crosstalk characteristic of the recording cutter, it is possible through the electrical circuit system to eliminate the crosstalk component in the electric signal-mechanical vibration transducer of the cutter.

Other objects and further features of the invention will be apparent from the following detailed description when read in conjunction with the accompanying drawing, throughout which like parts are designated by like reference numerals and characters.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING In the drawing:

FIG. 1 is a block diagram showing the essential organization of one example of a four-channel disc recording system of a general type, known heretofore;

FIG. 2 is a block diagram showing the essential organization of one embodiment of a four-channel disc recording system according to the invention;

FIG. 3 is a circuit diagram showing one embodiment of a specific electrical circuit of the essential parts of the system shown by block diagram in FIG. 2; and

FIG. 4 is a graph indicating one example of crosstalk characteristics of a cutter head.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION As conducive to a full understanding of this invention, a known cutting and recording system and problems associated therewith will first be briefly described with reference to FIG. 1.

First and second channel signals CH1 and CH2 and third and fourth channel signals CH3 and CH4 are introduced through input terminals 10a and 10b and input terminals 10c 10d, respectively, as indicated in FIG. 1. These signals are respectively supplied to matrix circuits 11 and 12 and there rendered into sum signals and difference signals. The output sum signals (CH1 CH2) and (CH3 CH4) of the matrix circuits 11 and 12 are respectively passed through delay circuits l3 and 16 for matching their phase with angular modulation difference signals, described hereinafter. Then, they are supplied to mixing circuits 15 and 18.

On the other hand, the output difference signals (CH1 CH2) and (CH3 CH4) of the matrix circuits 11 and 12 are respectively supplied to angular modulation circuits I4 and 17. There, a carrier wave from a single master oscillator 21 is angular modulated. The output angular modulated difference signals of the angular modulation circuits 14 and 17 are supplied to the above mentioned mixing circuits 15 and 18 and there mixed and multiplexed with the above mentioned direct-wave sum signals.

The output multiplexed signals of the mixing circuits 15 and 18 are amplified by amplifiers 19 and 20. Then, they are applied to the coils of the channel L and the channel R of a cutter 22. This cutter 22 is driven accordingly, whereby the recording signals are recorded on a disc 23 by the cutting stylus of the cutter respectively on the left and right walls of the recording groove according to the 45-45 system.

In a recording system of this known character, however, crosstalk of the angular modulation wave is produced between the channels L and R, as a result of the process of converting of an electrical signal applied to the cutter 22 into a mechanical vibration. More specifically, while a crosstalk due to a direct-wave sum signal of relatively low frequency presents almost no problem. However, in the case of an angular modulated difference signal of relatively high frequency, the quantity of crosstalk becomes large at the range of high frequency because of the structural mechanical accuracy of the cutter 22 and of the signal wavelength at which cutting is carried out. When crosstalk exists in this manner, at the time of cutting, distortion is produced in the reproduced sound during playback of the multichannel disc thus recorded.

The above mentioned crosstalk and distortion will now be considered more fully. With respect to the angular modulated signals, the angular modulated signal relating to the difference signal (CI-I1 CH2) will be denoted by L. The modulated signal relating to the difference signal (CI-I3 CH4) will be denoted by R. Then, L and R can be expressed by the following equations.

L cos [wet +f(t)] R=cos [wct+g(t)]i (l) where: is the angular frequency of the carrier wave, and f(t) and g(t) are respectively phase angles representable as functions of the difference signal component.

Then, by representing the crosstalk by Ke t the signal component leaking into the channel L can be represented by the following Equation (2).

Accordingly, the signal L' of the channel L containing the crosstalk becomes l+K +2Kcos Lf(r) g(r)l sinl f(l)] K-sin[g(t) 'P] X cos cos[f(t)] K-cos[g(l) +l (3) The demodulated signal, denoted by D(t) is determined from the following equation.

If the value of K in this Eq. (4) is sufficiently small,

From the above Eq. (5), the component relating to the crosstalk and distortion becomes Ll( )+g( [f( )g( (6) As for the component of crosstalk and distortion in the channel R, it may be similarly expressed as follows. lf( )+g( C05 [30) f( 'P] (7) Consequently, in a conventional recording system, as described above, the crosstalk expressed by the above equation gives rise to distortion, and high fidelity is impaired.

The above described difficulties accompanying the conventional recording system have been overcome by the present invention, one embodiment of which is illustrated by the block diagram in FIG. 2. In FIG. 2, blocks which are the same as or equivalent to those in FIG. 1 are designated by like reference numerals, and detailed description thereof will not be repeated.

The angular modulated difference signals derived as output from the angular modulation circuits 14 and 17 and expressed by the above Eq. (1) are supplied by way of emitter follower circuits 30 and 31 to mixing circuits l5 and 18. There, they are mixed with direct-wave sum signals transmitted from the matrix circuits 11 and 12 by way of delay circuits l3 and 16. The output multiplexed signals of the mixing circuits 15 and 18 are amplified by amplifiers 19 and 20 and then recorded by a cutter 22 on a disc 23.

As is apparent from the above Eq. (3), only the angular modulated wave from within each signal applied to the cutter 22 can expressed by the following equations.

For the channel L, L cos[wct+f(l)]+K.cos[ wct+g(t)+] (8) The crosstalk component in the channel L, from the channel R, is

K.cos[wct+g(t) 05] (10) The crosstalk component in the channel R, from the channel L, is

K.cos[wct+f(t)+ (15] (ll) Then, in order to cancel or nullify these crosstalk components in accordance with the system of the present invention, the block system is organized as described below.

The essential parts of the block system according to the invention as illustrated in FIG. 2 will now be described. The output angular modulated difference signals of the angular modulation circuits l4 and. 17 are supplied to the emitter follower circuits 30 and 31, as mentioned above. At the same time, these difference signals are also supplied by way of variable resistors VRl and VR2 to phase-shifting circuits 32 and 33. These angular modulated difference signals are multiplied K times by the variable resistors VRl and VR2, thereby being adjusted for the crosstalk correction quantity, and are then shifted in phase by the phaseshifting circuits 32 and 33.

The output signals of the phase-shifting circuits 32 and 33 are phase inverted by phase-inversion circuits 34 and 35 and then supplied to emitter follower circuits 36 and 37. Consequently, the output of the emitter follower circuit 36 becomes K.cos [wet +f(r) (M (12) while the output of the emitter follower circuit 37 becomes K.cos [cucl+g(t)+d (13) The output signal of the emitter follower circuit 36 is supplied to the mixer 18 together with the angular modulated wave produced as output of the angular modulator 17, passed via emitter follower circuit 31. Theoutput signal of the emitter follower circuit 37 is supplied to the mixer 15 together with the angular modulated wave produced as output of the angular modulator 14, passed via emitter follower circuit 30. Therefore, the angular modulated waves produced as outputs L, and R of the mixing circuits l5 and 18 can be expressed respectively as follows.

As is apparent from the above Eqs. (14) and (l5), the crosstalk components are completely nullified.

It is to be observed that the foregoing equations are satisfied when: the quantity of crosstalk due to the cutter is equal to the signal quantity K passed through the variable resistors VR] and VR2;,when the phase characteristic of the crosstalk is equalto those of the phaseshifting circuits 32 and 33; and when the phases of the carrier waves applied from the master oscillator 21 to the angular modulators l4 andl7 are equal.

The essential parts of the block system indicated in FIG. 2 can be reduced to a practical form, as illustrated by one embodiment of a specific electrical circuit in FIG. 3. The circuit 38 enclosed by an intermittent line is a circuit including the phase-shifting circuit 32 (FIG. 2), the phase-inversion circuit 34, and the emitter fol lower circuit 36. Similarly, the circuit 39 includes the circuits 33 (FIG. 2), 35, and 37. The transistors Trl and Tr2 are connected in an emitter follower configuration. The circuits including these transistors and enclosed by intermittent lines correspond to the aforementioned emitter follower circuits 30 and 31. In the circuits 38 and 39, the circuits including transistors Tr3 and Tr4 correspond to the phase-inversion circuits 34 and 35. Circuits Z1 and Z2 are connected in series with transistors Tr3 and Tr4 and ground (earth) correspond to the phase-shifting circuits 32 and 33. The circuits including emitter follower transistors Tr5 and Tr6 correspond to the emitter follower circuits 36 and 37.

One example of the crosstalk frequency characteristics of the cutter 22 is graphically represented in FIG. 4, in which the curve I represents the frequency charac teristic of a signal ofthe channel L. The curve ll repre' sents the frequency characteristic of a crosstalk component leaking from the channel R into the channel L. In general, the quantity of the shift of the phase of the crosstalk of the cutter head differs with frequency band used. For example, when the band of the angular modulated wave is from KHz to 45 KHZ, and the phase thereof at the time is in an' advanced phase state, one measure is to cause the phase-shifting circuits Z1 and Z2 to have an advanced phase characteristics. For example, equalizer circuits of characteristics equal to the frequency characteristics of the crosstalk components are used for the phase-shifting circuits Zl and Z2.

The above described system; according to the present invention, has the following advantageous features.

1. By adjusting the variable resistors and phaseshifting circuits in accordance with the crosstalk characteristic of the cutter used, the crosstalk quantity can be reduced to zero or to a minute value very close to zero, whereby distortion due to crosstalk can be eliminated, and recording of high fidelity can be achieved.

2. The crosstalk of the cutter is nullified with an electric circuit system. Therefore, even if there are deviations due to the cutter in the above mentioned crosstalk characteristic, it is possible to correct this deviation in a simple manner. Accordingly, there is no necessity of selecting the cutter to be used on this point, which is an economical feature.

3. By using a circuit for nullifying crosstalk, it is possible to use a higher frequency band, than heretofore, for the angular modulated wave band. Accordingly, the cutting operation at the time of recording of a multichannel disc can be carried out at a higher rate than heretofore. Therefore, the disc can be cut in a smoother manner, the signal to noise ratio being improved. At the same time, the productivity of the operation is increased.

Modifications will readily occur to those who are skilled in the art. Therefore, the appended claims are to be construed to include all equivalents falling within the scopeand the spirit of the invention.

What we claim is:

l. A multichannel disc system for recording first and second channels on a left groove wall and third and fourth channels on a right groove wall of a phonograph record, said system comprising:

a. first matrix means for forming a first sum signal and a first difference signal responsive to said first and second channel signals;

b. second matrix means for forming a second sum signal and a second difference signal responsive to said third and fourth channel signals;

c. first modulating means for angularly modulating a carrier wave responsive to the first difference sig nal to produce a first angular modulated wave;

d. second modulating means for angularly modulating the carrier wave responsive to the second difference signal to produce a second angular modulated wave;

e. first attenuating means for attenuating the first angular modulated wave; f. first phase-shifting means for shifting the phase of the output signal of said first attenuating means; g. first phase-inverting means for inverting the phase of the output signal of said first phase-shifting means; said first attenuating means having an attenuating quantity for making the amplitude of the output signal of said first phaseinverting means equal to the amplitude of a first crosstalk component leaking from the left channel into the right channel; said first phase-shifting means having a phase-shifting quantity for causing the phase angle of the output signal of said first phaseinverting means to cancel the phase angle of the first crosstalk component;

h. second attenuating means for attenuating the second angular modulated wave;

i. second phase-shifting means for shifting the phase of the output signal of said second attenuating means;

j. second phase-inverting means for inverting the phase of the output signal of said second phaseshifting means;

said second attenuating means having an attenuating quantity for making the amplitude of the output signal of said second phase-inverting means equal to the amplitude of a second crosstalk component leaking from the right channel into the left channel; said second phase-shifting means having a phase-shifting quantity for causing the phase angle of the output signal of said second phase-inverting means to cancel the phase angle of the second crosstalk component;

k. first mixing means for mixing and multiplexing the first direct-wave sum signal, the first angular modulated wave and the output signal of said second phase-inverting means;

. second mixing means for mixing and multiplexing the second direct-wave sum signal, the second angular modulated wave and the output signal of said first phase-inverting means; and

m. recording means for recording the output signal of said first and second mixing means on the left and right channel sides, for simultaneously recording the output signal of said first mixing means on the left wall of a groove of a record disc and the output said first attenuating means having an attenuating quantity for setting the amplitude of the output signal of said first phase-shifting means equal to a first crosstalk component leaking from the left channel into the right channel; said first phase-shifting means having a phase-shifting quantity for causing the phase angle of 40 the output signal of said first phase-shifting means to cancel the phase angle of the first crosstalk component;

signal of said second mixing means on the right wall of the groove. 2. A multichannel disc recording system as claimed in claim 1 in which said first phase-shifting means comprises an equalizer circuit means having a characteris- 5 tie equal to the frequency characteristic of the first crosstalk component, and said second phase-shifting means comprises an equalizer circuit means having a characteristic equal to the frequency characteristic of the second crosstalk component.

3. A multichannel disc recording system for recording first and second channels on a left groove wall and third and fourth channels on a right groove wall of a phonograph record, said system comprising:

a. first matrix means for forming a first sum signal and a first difference signal responsive to said first and second channel signals;

b. second matrix means for forming a second sum signal and a second difference signal responsive to said third and fourth channel signals;

c. first modulating means for angularly modulating a carrier wave responsive to the first difference signal to produce a first angular modulated wave;

d. second modulating means for angularly modulating the carrier wave responsive to the second difference signal to produce a second angular modulated wave;

e. first attenuating means for attenuating the first angular modulated wave;

first phase-inverting means for inverting the phase of the output signal of said first attenuating means;

g. first phase-shifting means for shifting the phase of the output signal of said first phase-inverting means;

h. second attenuating means for attenuating the sec-v ond angular modulated wave;

i. second phase-inverting means for inverting the phase of the output signal of said second attenuating means;

j. second phase-shifting means for shifting the phase of the output signal of said second phase-inverting means;

said second attenuating means having an attenuating quantity for setting the amplitude of the output signal of said second phase-shifting means equal to the amplitude of a second crosstalk component leaking from the right channel into the left channel; said second phaseshifting means having a phase-shifting quantity for causing the phase angle of the output signal of said second phase-shifting means to cancel the phase angle of the second crosstalk component;

k. first mixing means for mixing and multiplexing the first direct-wave sum signal, the first angular modulated wave and the output signal of said second phase-shifting means;

lfsecond mixing means for mixing and multiplexing the second direct-wave sum signal, the second angular modulated wave and the output signal of said first phase-shifting means; and

in recording means for recording the output signal of said first and second mixing means on the left and right channel sides, for simultaneously recording the output signal of said first mixing means on the left wall of a groove of a record disc and the output signal of said second mixing means on the right wall of the groove.

4. A multichannel disc recording system as claimed in claim 3 in which said first phase-shifting means comprises an equalizer circuit means having a chracteristic equal to the frequency characteristic of the first crosstalk component, and said second phase-shifting means comprises an equalizer circuit means having a characteristic equal to the frequency characteristic of the second crosstalk component.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2727096 *Aug 28, 1952Dec 13, 1955Rca CorpAnti cross-talk multitrack magnetic sound system
US3435144 *Oct 22, 1965Mar 25, 1969Gen ElectricCross-talk compensation for stereo receivers
US3686471 *Nov 25, 1970Aug 22, 1972Victor Company Of JapanSystem for recording and/or reproducing four channel signals on a record disc
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3989903 *May 9, 1974Nov 2, 1976Cooper Duane HMulti-directional sound signal recording and/or reproducing system with crosstalk compensation means
US4002840 *Jun 24, 1975Jan 11, 1977Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd.Angle-modulated signal transmission system
US5153872 *Jun 12, 1990Oct 6, 1992Pioneer Electronic CorporationInformation recording device that eliminates cross-talk using inverse components thereof
Classifications
U.S. Classification369/88, 369/90, 369/175, 381/2
International ClassificationG11B3/00, H04S3/00
Cooperative ClassificationH04S3/006
European ClassificationH04S3/00B