Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3896596 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 29, 1975
Filing dateMay 23, 1974
Priority dateMay 23, 1974
Publication numberUS 3896596 A, US 3896596A, US-A-3896596, US3896596 A, US3896596A
InventorsBerger Donald E
Original AssigneeBerger Donald E
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Anchor plate for fence post
US 3896596 A
Abstract
An anchor plate for fence post is provided having a sheet metal plate and U-shaped bracket which cooperatively interengage to mechanically couple with a fence post or the like. The plate is formed with an aperture into which the U-shaped bracket is positioned and form an open ended socket. When thus assembled, the plate and bracket cooperatively engage an elongated post which has been previously positioned in the ground and extends through the open ended socket. When assembled with the post the plate and bracket are positioned vertically and driven into the ground to prevent and restrict lateral displacement of the post in resisting forces applied laterally to the post. The plate is formed with laterally offset marginal end portions to resist displacing forces in a direction normal to the plane of a plate. Providing a U-shaped bracket which cooperatively interfits with the plate, enables the plate to be utilized with various sized posts through mere interchange of the brackets adapted for specific post sizes and configurations.
Images(2)
Previous page
Next page
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent 1 Berger 1 ANCHOR PLATE FOR FENCE POST Donald E. Berger, 3004B Barclay Square N., Columbus, Ohio 43209 [22] Filed: May 23, 1974 [21] Appl. No.: 472,610

[76] Inventor:

[52] US. Cl 52/153; 256/47 [51] Int. Cl. E04H 17/22 [58] Field of Search 256/58, 47, 48, 32, 34;

52/153,154, 738 D, 758 F; 24/257,-81 C, 81 R; 248/40, 41, 43, 314; 403/397, 398, 399

Primary ExaminerDennis L. Taylor Attorney, Agent, or FirmMahoney, Miller & Stebens MacNorius "52/758 F X [57] ABSTRACT An anchor plate for fence post is provided having a sheet metal plate and U-shaped bracket which cooperatively interengage to mechanically couple with a fence post or the like. The plate is'formed with an aperture into which the 'U-shaped bracket is positioned and form an open ended socket. When thusassem bled, theplate'and bracket cooperatively engage an elongated post which hasbeen previously positioned in the ground and extends {through the open ended socket. ,When assembled with the post the plate and bracket are positionedvertically and driveninto the ground to prevent and restrict lateral displacement of the post in resisting forces applied laterally to the post. The plate is formed with laterally offset marginal end portions to resist displacing forces in a direction normal to the plane of a plate. Providing a U-shaped bracket which cooperatively interfits with the plate, enables the plate to be utilized withtvarious sized posts through mere interchange of, the. brackets adapted for specificpost sizes and configurations.

l-7 Claims,x8 Drawing Figures PATENTED JULZQ i975 SHEET Pic 1 PATENTEB JUL 2 9 I975 SHEET Fic.4

ANCHOR PLATE FOR FENCE POST BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION The secure setting of fence posts in accordance with the prior art to effectively resist lateral forces applied to the upper portions of the post as well as maintain the post in substantially permanent fixed relationship to the ground has eitherrequired that the post be set in a body of concrete or that a platelike member be attachedto or interfit with the post. Utilization of a poured concrete footing or base into which thepost is set'provides I concrete entails a substantial expenseinlabor and time, as well as a substantial expense in the concrete necessary for filling the hole. In the case of metal fence posts, such as the tubular pipe type or T-rail, it has been the practice to utilize a platelike structure attached or mounted on the post and driven into the ground to maintain the post in an upright position against lateral forces. Whether the plate is initially attached to the post or is assembled therewith and driven into the ground as a second step, the plate must necessarily be positioned adjacent to the upper surface of the ground into which the post is set. The prior art type plates are relatively less expensive to install than the concrete setting method, thereby warranting the use of the metal plate post anchors but these prior art type plates are smooth surfaced and offer little resistance to frost braving if they should be positioned on top of rocks buried in the ground.

In view of the relative economy factors, various types of plates have been devised and an example of a separate plate that is subsequently positioned on the post and driven into the ground is illustrated in US. Pat No. 3,132,726, issued to Johnson on May 12, 1964. That patent illustrates a substantially planar sheet metal structure having a tubular socket formed in the structure as an intregral part thereof through which the post extends. While a plate structure of this form presents a relatively effective surface area of substantially large extent it will be readily seen that a planar sheet does not offer any effective resistance to laterally displacing forces applied in a direction parallel to the surface of the plane of the sheet. Other relatively complex structures formed from sheet metal are known; however, these structures do not provide the necessary economy to permit widespread utilization and are in essence, of little more effect in resisting lateral forces than the plate disclosed in the Johnson patent.

An obvious advantage and main reason for utilization of anchor plates of this nature is the relative ease and simplicity of utilization with a maximum degree of effectiveness. Since fences are normally constructed of substantial longitudinal extent, the plates are normally positioned to resist forces applied laterally to the direction of the fence. It will be readily seen that these planar type plates are relatively ineffective for situations where forces may be encountered that are applied in a direction aligned with the plane of and with the fence line. A further advantage of the separate plates is that they are simple to install by merely being slipped over the post and driven directly into the ground separately from the post. There is no requirement for excavation or expensive and complicated equipment for driving the plates into the ground.

SUMMARY OF THIS INVENTION An anchor plate formed from a metal sheet is provided in accordance with this invention comprising two linterfitting components. These two components include a plate-like main body or metal sheet having a.

central aperture into which a U-shaped bracket will interfit. A sheet metal plateand U-shaped bracket assembled in interfitting relationship are constructed and configured to form an open ended socketfor receiving 7 a post which extends longitudinally relative to the plate. The terminal ends of the bracket are formed with outwardly and laterally projecting lugs or flanges which interengage with the surfaces of the plate and retain the bracket in assembled relationship when a post is cooperatively inserted through the socket.

Forming this structure in two components inaccordance with this invention results in economy in the fabrication of the apparatus and greater versatility in utili- ,zation thereof. While the same sized plate is'utilized with various diameters or sizes of posts, the U-shaped bracket, being independently formed, canbe configured to specifically accommodate various sizes and cross-sectional shapes of posts. Accordingly, several different size or configured U-shaped brackets may be provided for utilization with the main plate without requiring an inventory of a large number of the complete units to meet the requirements for any particular fence construction. The most common form of post which is utilized in most fence construction is the cylindrical, tubular type. However, the structure of this invention may be readily constructed to accommodate T-rails or H-beamed posts with mere adaptation of the U-shaped bracket that is interfit with the plate. This permits a substantial reduction in fabrication costs as a single stamping die may be usedfor the plates while relatively less expensive dies may be utilized in stamping out the sheet metal brackets of the particular desired configurations.

Also, in accordance with this invention, the main body plate is formed with laterally offset marginal end portions which aid inresisting lateral forces applied to the post in a direction aligned with the plane of the plate. These laterally offset portions need not be of the same surface area as the main body of the plate, since the forces that may be expected to be encountered in this direction are of substantially less in magnitude. Several elongated bead formations are integrally stamped into the plate to provide greater rigidity and permit bending of the plates at selected points. These bead conformations are also arranged to provide additional resistance to forces that normally cause the plates to work upwardly from the ground.

These and other objects and advantages of this invention will be readilyapparent from the following detailed description of embodiments thereof and the accompanying drawings.

DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING FIGURES FIG. 1 is a perspective view of an anchor plate embodying this invention including a plate and interfitting U-shaped bracket.

FIG. 2 is a perspective view of the bracket.

the flanges 20 are not perpendicular to the plane of the plate 10. The flanges may be oriented perpendicular to the plane of the plate with the specific angle determined by particular circumstances or preference andit will be understood that the closer the flanges are ori-,

Greater rigidity of the flanges 20 relativeto the plate is obtained through formation of reinforcing beads 21 formed at the juncture of the flange 20 and the plate 10. These reinforcing beads 21 extend a distance laterally to either side of the juncture and are best formed by die stamping of the conformations similar to the previously described reinforcing beads.

A modified form of the sheet metal plate 10 isillustrated in FIG. 5. This modified plate 10 is similarin all respects to that previously described in reference to,

FIG. 1, except that the flangesat the opposed ends of the plate are oppositely directed. Accordingly, the same reference numerals are applied to the same components or elements. This opposite orientation of the flanges 20 does not provide any additional area over' that of the type shown in FIG. 1 to resistance of forces directed in the plane of the plate or transversely to the plane of the plate.

An advantage of the oppositely directed flanges 20 is shown in FIG. 4. As previously noted the anchor plate of this invention is designed to be positioned more closely adjacent to fixed obstructions, such as sidewalks or driveways or similar type objects, than is possible with prior art structures. The construction of the plate 10 with the reinforcing beads 18 extending vertically across the plate provides a further advantage in that the plate may be readily bent at that location to permit the post and plate to be even more closely positioned to the obstructing structure. This is readily seen in FIG. 4. This relatively close positioning of the post P and anchor plate is further facilitated where the flanges 20 are oppositely directed. In the illustrative embodiments as shown in FIG. 4, the flange 20 at the right side of the figure does not interfere with the posi' tioning of the anchor plate in extremely close relation ship to an adjoining sidewalk. This structure thus per- 7 mits positioning of a post P in close proximity to the corner or an end wall which abuts the fence line. In FIG. 4 for purposes of illustration a corner portion of a sidewalk S is shown to better illustrate how the anchor plate of this invention enables the post to be closely positioned to both sides of the sidewalk.

A further modification of the invention is shown in FIG. 6. This modification relates to the U-shaped bracket 1 1 and comprises the formation of at least one circumferentially extending bead 25 at the approximate midpoint of the channel form bracket. This head or rib 25 projects inwardly of the bracket 11 and thus reduces the open area or cross-sectional'area of the bracket. The function of the rib 25 is to adapt a standard size bracket 11 to accommodate a smaller .size post P. The illustrative bracket is provided withonly one such rib but it will be readily apparent that a pair of these ribs may be formed in the bracket in relatively spaced relationship providing additional bearing surfaces that better resist tilting of the anchor plate relative to the post. Providing a common sized bracket 11 with various sizes or depths or ribs 25 enables substan- I tially the'same structure to be utilized with different sizes of posts P. It is contemplated that a stamping die for a standard size bracket may be selectively provided with rib forming inserts to minimize die costs.

Two additional modifications of the bracket are illustrated in FIGS. 7 and 8. In each of these two figures, a plate 10 of the, same construction as shown in FIG. 1 is provided with respective U-shaped brackets 26 and 27 having cross-sectional shapes specifically configured for use with T-posts T and H-posts I-I respectively. A T-postT is positioned with the flange thereof disposed against the surface of the plate and the web projecting laterally outward. This bracket 26 has a triangular cross-sectional shape with an apex 28 that receives the longitudinaledge of the posts web thereby effectively preventing rotational movement of the anchor plate relative to the post. Bracket 27 shown in FIG. 8

has a rectangular cross-sectional configuration that conforms to the shape of the H post. One flange of the post H is positioned against the surface of the plate 10 while the other flange is spaced outwardly therefrom. The bracket 27 has three walls which form the rectangularor square cross-sectional shape in cooperation with the plate 10 to receive the post and preventrelative rotational movement.

It will be readily apparent from the preceeding detailed description of embodiments of an anchor plate fabricatedin. accordancewith this invention that a novel and advantageous structure is provided. Fabricating the anchor plate into components that readily interfit facilitates fabrication and substantially increases the versatility of the device. Forming the rigid sheet metal plate as an effectively planar structure with the laterally offset flanges enables the structure to be positioned inclose proximity to obstructions. Formation of the vertical reinforcing beads enables the plate to be readily bent at that location for even closer positioning to an obstruction.

' Having thus described this invention, what is claimed 1. An anchor plate for posts set in earth comprising a rigid sheet metal plate adapted to be driven edgewise intothe earth in a vertical plane adjacent a side of a post and including a central area having an aperture formedtherein, said aperture having side edges spaced apart a distance commensurate with the diametrical dimension of a post disposed in longitudinal alignment therewith; and,

a U-shaped bracket positionable in said aperture for encircling a post in cooperation with said plate,

said bracket having spaced legs that extend,

through said aperture when said bracket is assembled withsaid plate and terminate in laterally outward projecting flanges which overlie respective surface portions of said plate adjacent said aperture side edges.

2. An anchor plate according to claim 1 wherein said sheet metal plate has longitudinally aligned channels formed therein at either end of said aperture intermediate said side edges, said channels configured to interfit with a post.

3. An anchor plate according to claim 1 wherein said sheet metal plateis formed with at least one elongated bead projecting a distance from the surface of said plate and is disposed transversely to said aperture.

4. An anchor plate acccording to claim 3 wherein said bead extends transversely across the central area of said plate in spaced relationship to an end of said apert ure. V

5. An anchor plate according 6. An anchor plate according to clairn I whereinsaid 7 said plate is forr'ned with zip-longitudinallydisposed bead, i r v spaced'la'terally from a side edge of saidapeiture and,

plate is formedlwith atleast one flange projecting out 7'. An anchor plate accordingto claim 6 wherein said plate is formed with asecondflange at thefopposite side ofsaid aperture? n 7 8. An anchor plateaccording to claim 7-wlier ein both V of said flanges projcct'outof the plane of said plate in 'the samejdirection. t I V' V V 7 V 9. A nanchor plate aecorclingto clairn7 whereinsaid; I flangesprojectout of the plane of said plate in opposite" 7 directions; l

V 'of the rplaneof' said plate and disposed in Iaterallyn spaced relationship to a side edgefofsaid aperture; l

'14 An"anchor platejaccordingito clairn l3wherinl r said'br acketi's'fornied with atleast onebead on the int-Q 'ternal surface thereof iand project'ingxa distanceiin I "ward'lytto reduce the open"cross-sectional area of'the V 15 V, V a r 10.An anchor plate according to claim b wherein;

I said flange is integrally formed withsaid plate as a ma r I ginal edge portion thereof and'said plate and flangeare 1 formed; with reinforcing beads extending transversely across theljuncture therebetween. 1 I a II. An anchor platea'ccording-to claim (wherein extending completely across said'plate. t

V 12.,Anehchor plate according to Claim 1l--1wl1ereinL 1' Said platelis formed with a" second longitudinallyldie'-- V V posed bead spaced laterallyfronitl' eopposite sidej edge f ,o

aperture and extending completely across said. fplatef ;13.;A'nanc of Said said U-shaped bracket is of elongated channel-form;

channel.

"15. Anancnorplate ac'c ordingltocleirri lSi h 'erein saidU slieped bracket"hz'wgfan arcuately curved ba's' I channelportion cooperativelyinterfittingwitha circus-Y l lar'cro ssrsection-post.

-16,Ananchor platewaccording to claim 13 wherein"; said"Ushepedi'bracketiisofftriangnlar cross-sectionq e l7. An/anchor pl'ate'according to claimi l3 wherein a V a said U-shaped bracket is ofrectangularcross-section,

er plate iaccordlin gto claim '1 wherein

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US113872 *Apr 18, 1871 Improvement in fence-posts
US380627 *Jan 30, 1888Apr 3, 1888 Fence-post
US2040374 *Jun 29, 1934May 12, 1936Lummus Cotton Gin CoFastening means
US3132726 *Sep 20, 1960May 12, 1964Grady JohnsonPost anchor plate
US3307811 *Jul 27, 1965Mar 7, 1967Roy A AndersonWire tie down assembly
US3527280 *Sep 27, 1968Sep 8, 1970Croft Metal Products IncJoinery insert
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4252472 *Apr 10, 1979Feb 24, 1981Paul MoralyFixing posts in the ground
US4593500 *Aug 1, 1983Jun 10, 1986Morrow Manufacturing Co., Inc.Earth anchor with load plate
US4644712 *Aug 1, 1983Feb 24, 1987Morrow Manufacturing Co., Inc.Earth anchor
US4921200 *Sep 14, 1988May 1, 1990Paul MoralyPeg for fixing posts or stakes in the ground
US5689918 *Sep 10, 1996Nov 25, 1997Johnson; PaulSign post stabilizer
US5730555 *Jul 11, 1996Mar 24, 1998Stoner; RonaldGround anchor
US5920036 *Jan 22, 1998Jul 6, 1999Egger; Mary E.Insulator for rectangular fence post or rail
US6619627 *Jun 4, 2001Sep 16, 2003Elyes ZhiouaT-post fence bracket
US6666625 *Jan 14, 2002Dec 23, 2003Scott Anthony ThorntonRetaining wall support posts
US7334370 *Jul 1, 2004Feb 26, 2008Fordyce Patrick RAnchor for metal fence post
US7713003Nov 18, 2009May 11, 2010Platipus Anchors LimitedGround anchors
US8397464 *Dec 31, 2008Mar 19, 2013Simpson Strong-Tie Company, Inc.Middle pour anchor bolt holder
EP1837459A2 *Mar 19, 2007Sep 26, 2007Atkinsons Fencing and Decking Centres LimitedSupport system
WO1983003115A1 *Mar 1, 1983Sep 15, 1983Paul MoralyMethod for manufacturing pins particularly intended for anchoring in the ground posts or stakes, and pins obtained thereby
WO1986005834A1 *Feb 14, 1986Oct 9, 1986Paul MoralyDowel fitted with a sleeve, for fixing posts or pickets in the ground
Classifications
U.S. Classification52/153, 256/47
International ClassificationE04H12/22
Cooperative ClassificationE04H12/2215
European ClassificationE04H12/22A1