Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3896604 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 29, 1975
Filing dateMar 1, 1973
Priority dateMar 1, 1973
Also published asCA1010830A1, DE2409705A1
Publication numberUS 3896604 A, US 3896604A, US-A-3896604, US3896604 A, US3896604A
InventorsMarantz Daniel Richard
Original AssigneeAmerican Can Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Double wrap packaging apparatus
US 3896604 A
Abstract
A film of heat shrinkable plastic material is wrapped about four sides of an object and heat welded. A second heat shrinkable film is wrapped and heat welded about the object at right angles to the wrap of the first film. Both films are wider than the package faces about which they are wrapped. The films are heated to shrink both films and to cause the overlapping portions of the two films to heat bond together.
Images(1)
Previous page
Next page
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

[4 1 July 29, 1975 United States Patent [191 Marantz n 0 d g n a L DOUBLE WRAP PACKAGING APPARATUS 3,097,462 7/1963 3,253,379 5/1966 3,596,434 3,727,369

a T 0 d a r. O F

8/l97l 4/l973 r O P 1 Cl .n a r.

. MN H mm R l.m .m s 3 Dw n O n e V n 1 n 7 [73] Assignee: American Can Company,

Greenwich, Conn Primary Exammer-Robert L. Sprutll Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Robert P. Auber; James W. [22] Ffled: 1973 Bock; George P. Ziehmer Appl. No.: 337,171

[57] ABSTRACT A film of heat shrinkable plastic material is wrapped about four sides of an object and heat welded. A second heat shrinkable film is wrapped and heat welded about the object at right angles to the wrap of the first film. Both films are wider than the package faces 42 9 sw n H3 35 R Q8700 m 3 l S 3 3 u 4 3 N mm fi l C0 .M .m.w UIF HUM 555 about which they are wrapped. The films are heated to [56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS shrink both films and to cause the overlapping portions of the two films to heat bond together.

53/3 10 Claims, 8 Drawing Figures 2,928,217 3/l960 Case et al. 2 979 871 4/1961 Kieckhefer................................

PATENTEU 3,896,60d

FIG.I

1 DOUBLE WRAP PACKAGING APPARATUS BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION Bulk transportation of cartoned goods usually involves stacking cartons on a platform or pallet to form a rectangular six sided prism. Such a palletiz ed load is frequently securedwith straps to retain its integrity. The pallet or platform represents a sufficient investment to warrant its reuse thereby requiring its return. The weight and size of pallets is sufficient to be a factor in shipping cost. Consequently. unitized loads which do not include a pallet are desirable.

The use ofa single wrap of heat shrinkable, heat sealable plastic to unitize a load is known and is shown in such United States patents as U.S. Pat. No. 3,504,476 to Ehrenfried et al; U.S. Pat. No. 3,585,777 to Pesch; U.S. Pat. No. 3,596,434 to Zelnick; and U.S. Pat. No. 3,672,116 Ingmarson. Double wrapping with bands of paper narrower than the prism is shown in U.S. Pat. No. 2,979,871 to Kieckhefer and U.S. Pat. No. 3,253,379 to Foradora. A single heat-shrinkable wrap with the addition of inserts for the exposed top and bottom faces is shown in U.S. Pat. No. 3,640,048 to Zelnick and U.S. Pat. No. 3,631,649 to Close et al.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION It is an objective of the present invention to provide a method and apparatus for wrapping an object.

It is a further objective of the present invention to provide a method and apparatus for wrapping a rectangular prismatic package such as a group of stacked cartons with shrinkable plastic film to consolidate and integrate the package for palletless handling and to seal the package.

These and other objectives will become apparent from the detailed'description of the invention.

The present invention provides palletless unitized loads by wrapping all six sides of a rectangular prism of stacked cartons or the like with shrinkable plastic film. The resultant package is a unitized load of sufficiently high integrity to obviate the need for a pallet. The wrapping, -heat.sealing and heat shrinking technique to be described provides a package which is sealed against the intrusion of dirt or moisture and confines leakage, dust or odors of the contents. The top and bottom surfaces of the package are of double thickness as are each of the edges thereby providing improved rigidity and durability.

The technique of the present --invention involves wrapping a rectangular prismatic package such as stacked cartons with a first film of heat sealable, heatshrinkable plastic materialso as to encompass the top, bottom and two faces of the prism. The ends of the film are heatsealed together to constitute a sleeve about the prism. The filmis wide enough to extend beyond the wrapped faces. Heat, preferably infrared energy. may be applied along the four edges encompassed by the film to initiate shrinkage of the film thereby causing those portions of the film which extend beyond the prism faces to turn inwardly against the two exposed faces of the prism. A second film of such material is wrapped about the prism orthogonally to the first web to encompass the two exposed faces and the top and bottom of the prism. The second film is also wider than the faces encompassed by it so that it extends slightly beyond the perimeter of-the prism.,Bothfilms are now simultaneously heat shrunk, preferably with infra-red radiation directed against the top, bottom and the two end faces covered by the second film. The tension exerted by the shrunk films tightly integrates the package. The temperature experienced by the films is high enough to cause the films to bond together or laminate wherever they overlap. The resulting wrapping covers all six sides of the prism and is sealed. The top. bottom, 12 edges and eight corners are protected by two plies of plastic film. The package is consolidated by the tension exerted by the films and is highly resistant to internal shifting, bending or skewing.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS In the drawings:

FIG. I is an isometric view of apparatus for carrying out the wrapping of the present invention;

FIG. 2A-F is an isometric schematic showing the several steps of wrapping performed by the apparatus of FIG. 1', and

FIG. 3 is a detail view in section of the heat sealing and film cutting device used in the apparatus of FIG. 1.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF A PREFERRED EMBODIMENT Referring now to the drawings, a load to be wrapped such as a rectangular prism 10 of stacked cartons is deposited on the input end 20 of the wrapping apparatus. A powered conveyor 22 advances the load 10 to and through a first wrapping station at which a film 42 of heat shrinkable, heat sealable plastic is wrapped about the front, top, bottom and rear faces of the load 10.

The first wrapping station 40 comprises a rectangular frame 41 which vertically suspends a curtain 42 of plastic film in front of the advancing load 10. Film to form the curtain 42 is supplied from upper and lower supply rolls 44 and 46. The confronting edges of the film from .the two supply rolls are heat sealed together at a horizontal lip seam 45a. The film curtain 42 is tensioned by two sets of conventional tensioning rollers 47 located above and below the path of the load along the machine. The lower set of tensioning rollers can not be seen in FIG. 1. The rollers 47 of the tensioning roller sets are biased apart to provide a loop of film 42.

The first wrapping station 40 also includes a heat sealer and cutter 30 is shown in greater detail in FIG. 3. The heat sealer comprises a pair of clamping bars 32 and 34 reciprocably movable toward each other by conventional linear actuators 37 and 39. At least one of the confronting faces of the clamping bar pair includes a pair of spaced parallel ribbon heater elements 35 for rapidly heating the film plies clamped between the bars to effect two spaced parallel lines of heat sealing fusion at 450 and 45b. One of the clamping bars, such as 34, is provided with a cutter 36 which may be a knife or hot wire or the like. The cutter 36 is arranged to cut subsequent to the clamping and heat sealing by mounting the cutter 36 on a separate bar 38 spring biased away from the lower clamping bar 34 such that continued approaching motion of the actuator rods 37 or 39 causes the cutter 36 to advance after the film 42 has been clamped and sealed thereby severing between the heat sealed seams 45a and 45b. This style of double seam heat sealer and cutter is conventional and an example is shown in U.S. Pat. No. 3,564,810 to Faletti et al.

As the load is advanced through the first wrapping station 10 by means of powered conveyor 22, the front face of the load encounters the curtain 42 of plastic film provided by supply rolls 44 and 46. The confronting edges of the film are joined together by a heat sealed lip seam 45a which was formed in the previous cycle of the apparatus. The advancing load overcomes the tension provided by the bias of the pair of tension roller sets 47 above and below the plane of the conveyor 22. The film is drawn from the loop of film provided by the tensioning rollers and from the supply rollers 44 and 46 to become wrapped across the front. the top and the bottom faces of the load 10. The load continues to advance until the rear face of the load passes through the vertical plane originally defined by the curtain of film 42. At this point, detected by suitable sensors such as photo cells, the actuators 37 and 39 are activated to move the clamping bars 32 and 34 toward each other. The clamping bars intercept the film from supply rolls 44 and 46 and draw the upper film down and the lower film up across the rear face of the load. The two plies of film, one from each of rolls 44 and 46, are clamped under some tension between the bars 32 and 34. Energy is supplied to the sealer elements 35 to cause fusion and lamination of the films. The sealer elements 35 may be resistance ribbons, inductive strip heaters, ultrasonic transducers or any other suitable known device for providing line of heat for autogenous welding of the films. Adhesives could be used, but the simplicity of heat sealing commends its use. After sealing has been completed along the spaced parallel lines dictated by the sealer elements 35 and after cooling for a sufficient time to assure adequate strength, bar 38 carrying cutter 36 is urged relatively toward upper clamping bar 32 to cause the cutter to sever the laminated films between the seams 45a and 45b formed by the two sealer elements 35. The load 10 is now wrapped in a sleeve of film which encompasses the front, top, bottom and rear faces. The seam 450 which was made during the previous machine cycle is located horizontally across the front face and the seam 45!) just made is located horizontally across the rear face. A new seam 45a, just made, provides a new vertical curtain of film 42 to await the next cycle of the machine.

The load with the first wrapping of film is shown in FIG. 2A. The width of the film 42 is greater than the width of the faces of the load which it encompasses to leave unsupported overhangs about the two exposed faces.

The load 10 with the first wrap 42 is now further advanced along the conveyer 22 and deposited on a turntable 50 which rotates the load 90 about a vertical axis. The load now has the attitude illustrated in FIG. 2B. The wrapped edges are now in alignment with the machine direction and the overhanging portions of the film also extend longitudinally of the machine.

The load 10 with the first wrap is advanced by a conveyor 24 through a first shrink station 60 which comprises a frame 62 supporting infra-red heater elements 64 proximate the corners of the opening through the frame 60. The wrapped edges and their proximities are heated sufficiently by the heaters 64 to initiate shrinkage of the heat shrinkable film. This initial shrinkage causes the unsupported overhanging portions of the film to turn inwardly against the exposed faces of the load as is illustrated in FIG. 2C.

The load with the first wrap partially shrunk is advanced by a conveyor 26 through a second wrapping station substantially identical to the first wrapping station 40. A film curtain 72 is supplied by supply rolls 74 and 76. The curtain is heat seamed at 75a during the previous cycle. The film 72 is wrapped about the leading exposed face, the top and bottom faces and is drawn across and seamed at the trailing exposed face using a sealer cutter device 30 as shown and described above in connection with the first wrapping station 40 and FIG. 3. The double wrapped load has the appearance of FIG. 2D. The film 72 is also wider than the faces wrapped to leave unsupported overhanging portrons.

The double wrapped load is delivered by conveyor 26 to a turntable which rotates the load about a vertical axis. The edges just wrapped by film 72 are now aligned with the machine direction and the double wrapped load has the appearance of FIG. 2E.

The double wrapped load is advanced by a final conveyor 28 through a second heat shrink station 90 comprising a rectangular frame 92 which supports a plurality of infra-red heater elements 94 extending uniformly about the opening of the frame 92. The whole of the four faces wrapped at the second station 70 with film 72 are more or less evenly heated to cause extensive shrinkage of both films 72 and 42. The temperature induced in the films is sufficient to cause the films to permanently heat seal or bond together wherever they overlap at the top and bottom faces and in the proxim ity of all 12 edges. The portions of film 72 which were unsupported and overhanging turn inwardly as a result of the shrinkage and bond to the underlying layer of film 42. The completed wrapped. sealed and shrunk package is illustrated in FIG. 2F.

Although various plastic films having shrink capability could be used, biaxially oriented polyethylene having a 70% lengthwise and 30% crosswise shrink is preferred. Suitable heat shrinkable films are sold by the American Can Company, Greenwich, Connecticut, U.S.A. The invention can be employed with plastic films of uniform shrinkage characteristics as well as with films having a substantially uniaxial longitudinal shrink characteristic. The invention can be employed with films which shrink by chemical reaction or by evaporation of a film swelling solvent.

The machine of the present invention has been illustrated as a version employing turntables 50 and 80 to achieve 90 rotation where needed. Another version of the machine achieves the result by employing conveyor portions which operate at right angles to each other such that the load'advances through the first wrapping station in a first direction and then advances transverse to that first direction through the first shrink station and the second wrapping station, then the load advances in a direction parallel to the first direction through the final shrink station.

The double wrapped package produced by the present invention is sealed against dirt, weather. atmosphere, internal and external leakage and the like. The top and bottom faces and all edges and corners are of double thickness to better withstand handling. The smooth surface provided by the films is an aid in sliding the load. The load is consolidated and protected against shifting or bending. Except for extraordinarily heavy loads. no pallet is necessary. Where wanted, a pallet can be included in the load and encompassed by the film wrap or can be employed externally of the film wrap.

Most of the advantages of the present invention can be realized with a double shrink wrap in which one of the sleeves is only as wide as the faces of the load which it wraps and the other sleeve is wider than the faces of the load which it wraps. When the first sleeve is that which is only as wide as the load, there is no overhang and the first heat shrink step can be eliminated with some saving in apparatus and operating cost.

When the second sleeve is that which is only as wide as the load, the first sleeve does have an overhang and the first shrink step is required as well as the second or final shrink step. In either case, the package will have eight rather than 12 double thickness edges. The selection of which or both sleeves are to be wider than the load is subjective and depends in part upon the proportions of the load prism and the nature of the load contents.

I claim:

1. Apparatus for wrapping and consolidating a load in the form of a rectangular prismatic stack of cartons comprising means to advance the load, means for establishing a curtain of a first heat sealable, heat shrinkable plastic film in a plane through which plane the load may be advanced to wrap the first film about the leading, top and bottom faces of the load, means to draw the film across the trailing face of the load, means to clamp the first film together across said trailing face, means to heat seal the film in the clamped portion along spaced parallel lines of heat sealing, means to sever the film between the heat sealed lines, means to establish a curtain of a second heat scalable, heat shrinkable plastic film in a plane, means to orient the load with respect to the plane of said second film, means to advance the load through the curtain of said second film to wrap the second film about the top, bottom and the two faces not covered by the first film, means to draw the second film across the now trailing face of the load, means to clamp the second film together across said now trailing face, means to heat seal the second film in the clamped portion along spaced parallel lines of heat sealing, means to sever the second film between the heat sealed lines, at least one of said first and second films extending beyond the edges of the faces of the prism wrapped by that film, and means to heat shrink both films and to heat laminate the films together where they overlap.

2. Apparatus for wrapping and consolidating a load in the form of a rectangular prismatic stack of cartons comprising means to advance the load, means for establishing a curtain of a first heat scalable, heat shrinkable plastic film wider than said load through which plane the load may be advanced to wrap the first film about the leading, top and bottom faces of the load, means to draw the film across the trailing face of the load, means to clamp the first film together across said trailing face, means to heat seal the film in the clamped portion along spaced parallel lines of heat sealing, means to sever the film between the heat sealed lines, means to heat shrink the first film in the proximities of those edges of the load wrapped with the first film, means to establish a curtain of a second heat scalable, heat shrinkable plastic film wider than said load, means to orient the load with respect to said second film. means to advance the load through the curtain of said second film to wrap the second film about the top. botto'rn and the two faces not covered by the first film, means to draw the second film across the now trailing face of the load, means to clamp the second film together across said now trailing face, means to heat seal the second film in the clamped portion along spaced parallel lines of heat sealing, means to sever the second film between the heat sealed lines, and means to direct heat against the top, bottom and the two faces covered by said second film to heat shrink both films and to heat laminate the films together where they overlap.

3. The apparatus of claim 2 wherein the means for establishing the curtain of the first film and the means for establishing the curtain of the second film each comprise a pair of supply rolls of film and a structure for supporting the film transverse to the direction of advance of the load.

4. The apparatus of claim 3 including means to rotate the load approximately about a vertical axis, which means are located between the means for establishing the curtain of the second film and the means to direct heat to shrink both films.

5. The apparatus of claim 3 wherein said means each also include a pair of sets of tension rollers biased apart to tension the curtains.

6. The apparatus of claim 2 wherein the means to heat shrink the first film comprise infra-red heaters located along the path of the load in positions where they heat the portions of the first film proximate the edges of the load wrapped by the first film.

7. The apparatus of claim 6 wherein the means to direct heat against the top, bottom and the two faces covered by the second film comprise infra-red heaters above, below and on either side of the path of the load through the machine.

8. The apparatus of claim 2 including means to rotate the load approximately 90 about a vertical axis, which means are located between the means for establishing the curtain of the first film and the means to shrink the first film.

9. Apparatus for wrapping and consolidating a load in the form of a rectangular prism comprising in sequence a first conveyor, a first support frame to suspend a first vertical curtain of a first film supplied under tension from supply rolls above and below said first curtain, the first conveyor including portions on either side of the first curtain to advance the load through the first curtain, a turntable for rotating the load 90 about a vertical axis, a second conveyor, a first heater frame supporting infra-red heaters in locations where they heat the proximities of the edges of the load as it passes through the frame, said second conveyor extending through said first heater frame, a second support frame to suspend a second curtain of a second film supplied under tension from supply rolls above and below said second curtain, a third conveyor to advance the load through the second curtain, a second turntable for rotating the load 90 about a vertical axis, a fourth conveyor, and a second heater frame supporting infrared heaters along the inner sides of the frame, said fourth conveyor extending through said second heater frame.

10. Apparatus for wrapping and consolidating a load having the form of a rectangular prism comprising means to advance the load, means for establishing a curtain of a first heat sealable. heat shrinkable plastic film in a plane through which plane the load may be advanced to wrap the first film about the leading, top and bottom faces of the load, means to draw the film across the trailing face of the load, means to clamp the first film together across said trailing face. means to heat seal the film in the clamped portion along spaced parallel lines of heat sealing. means to sever the film between the heat sealed lines. said first film extending beyond the edges of the faces of the prism wrapped by it. means to establish a curtain of a second heat sealable. heat shrinkable plastic film in a plane, means to orient the load with respect to the plane of said second film means to advance the load through the curtain of said second film to wrap the second film about the top. botto heat laminate the films together where they overlap.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2928217 *Dec 9, 1957Mar 15, 1960Shell Oil CoProcess and apparatus for wrapping bales
US2979871 *Jan 7, 1957Apr 18, 1961Weyerhaeuser CoMethod of banding cardboard cartons
US3097462 *Feb 6, 1961Jul 16, 1963 langdon
US3253379 *May 16, 1962May 31, 1966Foradora Paul JMethod of banding a group of articles
US3596434 *Jun 24, 1970Aug 3, 1971Weldotron CorpAutomatic pallet wrapping machine
US3727369 *Jul 23, 1971Apr 17, 1973Lassig HFully automatic apparatus for loading containers with single pieces assembled in sheet-wrapped stacks, such as sacks or the like
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4060957 *Mar 24, 1977Dec 6, 1977Firma E. MollersMethod and apparatus for forming palletless packages
US4370613 *Nov 3, 1981Jan 25, 1983General Scanning, Inc.Galvanometer with molded outer layer under hoop stress
US4413463 *Oct 23, 1980Nov 8, 1983Lantech, Inc.Roller stretch pass through stretching apparatus and process
US4450668 *Jun 4, 1981May 29, 1984Dario Manuli S.P.A.Automatic packaging machine
US4641488 *Jul 6, 1983Feb 10, 1987Garr Ernest JApparatus and method for wrapping packages with heat shrinkable material
US5647191 *Dec 21, 1995Jul 15, 1997Domtar Inc.Assembly of packaged reams and method therefor
US6006500 *Jan 9, 1998Dec 28, 1999Southpac Trust International, Inc.Article packaging system
US6151863 *Apr 24, 1998Nov 28, 2000Lantech Management Corp.Method and apparatus for stretch wrapping a load
US6189295Sep 8, 1999Feb 20, 2001Southpac Trust International, Inc.Article packaging system
US6311461Feb 16, 2001Nov 6, 2001Southpac Trust International, Inc.Article packaging system
US6460315Jul 18, 2001Oct 8, 2002Southpac Trust International, Inc.Method for packaging a potted plant
US6546699Jul 19, 2001Apr 15, 2003Southpac Trust International, Inc.Method for packaging a potted plant
US6546700Jul 29, 2002Apr 15, 2003Southpac Trust International, Inc.Method for packaging a potted plant
US6691495Mar 4, 2003Feb 17, 2004Southpac Trust International, Inc.Method for packaging a potted plant
US6745544 *Apr 3, 2001Jun 8, 2004Matsumoto System Engineering Co., Ltd.Method of and apparatus for wrapping loadable objects
US6871479Oct 14, 2003Mar 29, 2005Wanda M. Weber And William F. StraeterMethod for packaging a potted plant
US7080483Feb 10, 2005Jul 25, 2006Weder Wanda M And Straeter William FMethod for packaging a potted plant
US7406811 *Dec 23, 2005Aug 5, 2008Sleever International CompanyMethod of packaging articles by means of heat-shrink sleeves
US7500338 *Aug 15, 2007Mar 10, 2009G.D Societa' Per AzioniMethod and unit for heat-shrinking overwrappings of heat-shrink plastic material of a succession of products
US7581368 *Jan 30, 2007Sep 1, 2009Darrel BisonPallet roping and wrapping apparatus
US8046975Aug 31, 2009Nov 1, 2011Allied Packaging CorporationPallet roping and wrapping apparatus
US8474223 *Aug 2, 2010Jul 2, 2013Lantech.Com, LlcApparatus for loading and unloading by pallet truck a wrapping surface
US8549819Mar 17, 2010Oct 8, 2013Darrel BisonPallet roping and wrapping apparatus and method
US8707664Nov 1, 2011Apr 29, 2014Darrel BisonPallet roping and wrapping apparatus
US20110023419 *Aug 2, 2010Feb 3, 2011Lancaster Iii Patrick RMethods and apparatuses for loading and unloading by pallet truck
US20110088354 *Oct 15, 2010Apr 21, 2011Ulma Packaging Technological Center, S.Coop.Packaging Apparatus and Processes
Classifications
U.S. Classification53/176, 53/557
International ClassificationB65D71/00, B65B53/00, B65B11/58, B65B53/02, B65B11/10, B65D75/38, B65B11/00, B65B11/06, B65D71/06, B65D71/08
Cooperative ClassificationB65D2571/00024, B65D75/38, B65D71/08, B65B53/02, B65B11/585
European ClassificationB65D75/38, B65B53/02, B65B11/58B, B65D71/08
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Aug 14, 1987ASAssignment
Owner name: AMERICAN CAN PACKAGING INC., AMERICAN LANE, GREENW
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:AMERICAN CAN COMPANY, A NJ CORP.;REEL/FRAME:004835/0338
Effective date: 19861107
Owner name: AMERICAN NATIONAL CAN COMPANY
Free format text: MERGER;ASSIGNORS:AMERICAN CAN PACKAGING INC.;TRAFALGAR INDUSTRIES, INC. (MERGED INTO);NATIONAL CAN CORPORATION (CHANGED TO);REEL/FRAME:004835/0354
Effective date: 19870430
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:AMERICAN CAN COMPANY, A NJ CORP.;REEL/FRAME:4835/338
Owner name: AMERICAN CAN PACKAGING INC.,CONNECTICUT
Free format text: MERGER;ASSIGNORS:AMERICAN CAN PACKAGING INC.;TRAFALGAR INDUSTRIES, INC. (MERGED INTO);NATIONAL CAN CORPORATION (CHANGED TO);REEL/FRAME:4835/354
Owner name: AMERICAN NATIONAL CAN COMPANY,STATELESS
Owner name: AMERICAN NATIONAL CAN COMPANY, STATELESS
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:AMERICAN CAN COMPANY, A NJ CORP.;REEL/FRAME:004835/0338
Owner name: AMERICAN CAN PACKAGING INC., CONNECTICUT