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Publication numberUS3896823 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 29, 1975
Filing dateFeb 1, 1974
Priority dateFeb 1, 1974
Publication numberUS 3896823 A, US 3896823A, US-A-3896823, US3896823 A, US3896823A
InventorsSpatz Walter B
Original AssigneeSpatz Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Cosmetic applicator
US 3896823 A
Abstract
Applicators for coloring eyelashes, in which an applicator member, wand or dipper is disposed in a container for a cosmetic, such as mascara, and is pulled outwardly through an elastomer wiper in the container when it is to be used, the wiper removing excess mascara from the applicator member. The inner portion of the applicator member comprises longitudinally spaced tines, with the wiper contacting the entire perimeter or periphery of the applicator member, including its tine portion, to remove substantially all excess mascara from the perimeter of the applicator member, including the entire perimeter of its tines, as the member is pulled from the container. Mascara remains in the spaces between the tines only for application to the eyelashes. The tine portion is generally elliptical or oval in shape, effecting deformation of the wiper when the tine portion is moved therethrough with the deformed or stretched wiper remaining in contact with the entire convex surface of the generally elliptical tine portion.
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United States Patent [191 Spatz [4 1 July 29, 1975 COSMETIC APPLICATOR [75] Inventor: Walter B. Spatz, Pacific Palisades,

21 1 Appl. No.: 438,578

[57] ABSTRACT Applicators for coloring eyelashes, in which an applicator member, wand or dipper is disposed in a container for a cosmetic, such as mascara, and is pulled outwardly through an elastomer wiper in the container when it is to be used, the wiper removing excess mascara from the applicator member. The inner portion of the applicator member comprises longitudinally [52] US. Cl 132/88]; 132/85 spaced tines, with the wiper contacting the entire p [51] Int. Cl A45d 40/26 I 58 m f s h 132/85 79 75, 73 88 7 rimeter or periphery of the applicator member, includ- 1 0 ing its tine portion, to remove substantially all excess mascara from the perimeter of the applicator member, including the entire perimeter of its tines, as the mem- [56] References Cited her is pulled from the container. Mascara remains in UNITED STATES PATENTS the spaces between the tines only for application to 2,644,183 7/1953 Kellett 15/1213 the eyelashes. The tine portion is generally elliptical or 3,130.735 4/l 64 Clark v 132/85 oval in shape, effecting deformation of the wiper when 3,763,870 10/1973 Montgomery 132/85 the tine portion i moved h h h i h h d FOREIGN PATENTS PPLICATIO formed or stretched wiper remaining in contact with 883,900 4/1943 France 132/887 h convex Surface of the generally elliptical tine portion.

Primary ExaminerG. E. McNeill 14 Claims, 6 Drawing Figures Attorney, Agent, or FirmBernard Kriegel 54 I5 In "Jr-Q 24 COSMETIC APPLICATOR The present invention relates to cosmetic applicators, and more particularly to applicators for applying coloring or other material to eyelashes.

Mascara applicators have included a threaded rod, helical brush, or small comb as applicator members. the applicator members normally being disposed in a cosmetic or mascara mass within a container. Pulling the member from the container forces it through an elastic wiper to remove excess cosmetic. some cosmetic still remaining between the threads, brush hairs, or comb teeth for application to the eyelashes. With the comb type of applicator member. its pulling through a rather small opening in the wiper greatly enlarges such opening at the peaks or crests of the comb teeth. However, the stretched or deformed wiper leaves straight sides of the comb relatively unwiped, resulting in the applicator member attaining a rather messy state. In addition, the comb teeth are very deep, containing too much cosmetic.

In accordance with the present invention, a tine applicator member is provided in which the entire surface of its periphery is wiped clean as a result of its being pulled through an elastic wiper during withdrawal from the mascara or cosmetic container. The tine portion of the applicator member is of oval or generally elliptical cross-section, being convex around its entire perimeter,

so that the wiper remains in wiping engagement with the full perimeter of the tine portion during movement of the applicator member through the wiper, insuring removal of all excess cosmetic from the tine portion, with the cosmetic remaining between the teeth or tines only for application to the eyelashes.

More specifically, the applicator member comprises a generally cylindrical rod portion and a tine portion of oval cross-section, the minor axis of the tine portion being smaller than the diameter of the rod portion, and its major axis much larger. As a result, the pulling of the applicator member through the wiper opening, which is less in diameter than the diameter of the rod portion, insures the cleaning of the rod portion, the wiper stretching or enlarging considerably along the major axis of the tine portion and contracting along its minor axis, remaining in full engagement with the entire convex surface of the tine portion, to insure full removal of cosmetic from the convex surface.

This invention possesses many other advantages. and has other purposes which may be made more clearly apparent from a consideration of several forms in which it may be embodied. Such forms are shown in the drawings accompanying and forming part of the present specification. These forms will now be described in detail for the purpose of illustrating the general principles of the invention; but it is to be understood that such detailed description is not to be taken in a limiting sense.

Referring to the drawings:

FIG. I is a side elevational view of an applicator embodying the invention;

FIG. 2 is an enlarged longitudinal section through the applicator. parts being shown in elevation;

FIG. 3 is an enlarged cross-section taken along the line 33 on FIG. 2;

FIG. 4 is an enlarged cross-section taken along the line 4-4 on FIG. 2',

FIG. 5 is a side elevation of the inner portion of a modified form of applicator member; and

FIG. 6 is a cross-section taken along the line 6-6 on FIG. 5.

As specifically illustrated in the drawings. a cosmetic applicator is provided. particularly designed for use in applying coloring material to eyelashes. The applicator includes a container 10 of suitable shape, having a rear end wall 11 welded or cemented to the adjacent portion of the container. If desired, the container and its end wall could be made integral with one another. The forward portion of the container has an externally threaded neck 12 on which a companion internally threaded cap 13 can be disposed for opening and closing the container. Secured to the cap is a wand or dipper 14 adapted to be disposed within the container and having a forward head 15 suitably secured to the cap. as by means of circumferential ribs 16 in the cap received within companion circumferential grooves 17 in the head. The wand or dipper includes a forward cylindrical rod portion 18 extending from the head 15 into the container, and a rearward cosmetic applicator or tine portion 19 secured to the rod portion, as by pressfitting a stud 20 of the tine portion within a companion socket 21 in the rod portion. If desired. the forward and rearward portions 18, 19 could be made integral with one another.

As disclosed in the drawings, the tines or teeth 22 extend transversely of the axis of the wand or dipper in opposite directions from the central body 23 of the tine portion, being longitudinally spaced from one another to provide spaces 24 into which the cosmetic or mascara can enter. The tine portion (which includes the tines 22 and body 23) is of generally oval or elliptical cross-section, being convex around its entire periphery. as shown most clearly in FIG. 3. The minor axis 25 of the tine portion is smaller than the diameter of the elliptical rod portion 18. while its major axis 26 is much larger, projecting radially in opposite directions radially beyond the periphery of the cylindrical rod portion. It is further to be noted that the tine portion tapers toward its end, so that the tines 22a at such end portion are smaller in transverse dimension, to facilitate application of mascara to the eyelashes located at the outer canthus at each side of the eye.

The applicator member 14 is movable through a circular opening 30 in an elastic wiper 31 secured within the forward portion of the container. This elastic or elastomer wiper may be made of synthetic rubber (such as Buna-N rubber of 70 Shore hardness), including a base portion 32 terminating in a skirt 33, the base portion and skirt being located within a circumferential recess 34 within the container with the base portion abutting a transverse shoulder 35 in the container. A generally L-shaped' retainer ring 36 has a skirt 37 located within the wiper skirt 33 and an outwardly directed flange 38 disposed across the end of the skirt 33 and retained in place by an internal circumferential rib 39 of the container.

The inner portion 40 of the wiper is frusto-conical, tapering in a rearward direction toward the container axis. The unrestrained diameter of its opening 30 is smaller than the diameter of the cylindrical rod portion 18. The inner portion 40 terminates in a wiper lip 41 adapted to engage the cylindrical rod portion 18 and also the full periphery or perimeter of the tine portion 19.

As illustrated in the drawings, the cap 13 has been threaded onto the neck 12 of the container, with the wand or dipper 14 disposed within a cosmetic mass in the container, and with the circumferential wiper lip 41 in wiping engagement with the periphery of the rod portion 18. When the applicator member is to be used for coloring or otherwise coating the eyelashes, the cap 13 is unthreaded from the container and pulled in an outward direction, the cylindrical rod portion 18 sliding through the wiper opening 30, followed by the tine portion 19, which also slides through the wiper opening, to completely remove the applicator member 14 from the container 10. During such outward movement, the wiper 31 removes the excess cosmetic from the cylindrical rod portion 18. When the oval or elliptical tine portion 19 moves through the opening 30, it stretches the wiper considerably in the direction of the major axis 26 of the tines 22, the wiper contracting in the direction of the minor axis 25 of the tines, the wiper lip 41 remaining in full wiping engagement with the entire periphery or perimeter of the tines as the tine portion is moved through the wiper. As a result, the deformed wiper lip (see broken line in FlG. 4), which has conformed to the shape of the oval or elliptical periphery of the tine portion, wipes the entire periphery or perimeter of the tine portion 19, the wiper and its lip automatically conforming to the progressively smaller tine portion 22a present in the direction of its end.

The applicator member 14, after having been removed from the container. will have the cosmetic material in the spaces 24 between the tines 22 only, and not on the perimeter of the tine portion, whereupon the cosmetic material can be applied to the eyelashes in a known manner, the smaller eyelashes at the canthus of the eye being readily colored without danger of contacting the eyelid or the eye itself.

Following use of the applicator member, its wand or dipper portion 14 is reinserted through the wiper 31 and to the position illustrated in the drawings, the cap 13 being rethreaded on the threaded neck 12 of the container.

As disclosed in HQ. 5, in lieu of the tine portion of the applicator member being tapered, as illustrated in FIG. 2, the tines 22b can all be of uniform transverse dimension. Regardless of the tapering or non-tapering configuration of the tine portion 19, the latter is noncircular, but convex, around the entire periphery of the tines 22 and body 23, and at each and all of its crosssection, to insure effective wiping action around its entire periphery at each and all of its cross-sections.

It is, accordingly. apparent that a cosmetic applicator has been provided for coating eyelashes in which the cosmetic material. which ordinarily has cream or gelatinous characteristics, will fill the spaces 24 between the tines 22 and which will also coat the cylindrical rod portion 18 and the periphery of the tine portion 19 as well. However, upon removal of the wand or dipper 14 from the container 10, the wiper 31 will remove the cosmetic from the entire periphery or perimeter of the cylindrical rod portion 18 and also from the entire convex or oval periphery of the tine portion 19, leaving the cosmetic remaining in the spaces 24 between the tines 22 only for application to the eyelashes, the remainder of the applicator member being in an effectively wiped state. Although oppositely directed tines are illustrated in the drawings, such tines may, if desired, be disposed on one side only of the applicator member. However,

the tine portion of such member is still non-circular, but convex, around its entire periphery and each and all of its cross-sections, to insure the full wiping action by the wiper on its entire periphery.

lf desired, the tines 22 at one side of the dipper 14 can be spaced from one another a different distance than the tines at the opposite dipper side.

I claim:

1. A cosmetic applicator: comprising a container for cosmetic material; an elastic deformable wiper having an opening; an applicator member movable through said opening into and from said container, said member including an inner portion adapted to be coated by the cosmetic material and having longitudinally spaced tines, said inner portion and its tines being of oval shape in cross-section and convex around their entire perimeter, whereby said wiper engages and wipes the entire perimeter of said inner portion and its tines as said inner portion is moved longitudinally through said wiper opening.

2. A cosmetic applicator as defined in claim 1; said opening being generally circular, the major axis of said oval shaped inner portion being substantially greater than the diameter of said opening.

3. A cosmetic applicator as defined in claim 1; said opening being generally circular, the major axis of said oval shaped inner portion being substantially greater than the diameter of said opening, the minor axis of said oval shaped inner portion being smaller than the diameter of said opening.

4. A cosmetic applicator as defined in claim 1; said member including an outer rod portion from which said inner portion extends, said rod portion being movable through said wiper opening to be wiped around its entire periphery by said wiper.

5. A cosmetic applicator as defined in claim 1; said member including an outer rod portion from which said inner portion extends, said rod portion being movable through said wiper opening to be wiped around its entire periphery by said wiper, said opening being generally circular in shape and smaller in diameter than the diameter of said outer rod portion.

6. A cosmetic applicator as defined in claim 1', said member including an outer rod portion from which said inner portion extends, said rod portion being movable through said wiper opening to be wiped around its entire periphery by said wiper, said opening being generally circular in shape and smaller in diameter than the diameter of said outer rod portion, the major axis of said oval shaped inner portion being substantially greater than the diameter of said outer rod portion.

7. A cosmetic applicator as defined in claim 1; said member including an outer rod portion from which said inner portion extends, said rod portion being movable through said wiper opening to be wiped around its entire periphery by said wiper, said opening being generally circular in shape and smaller in diameter than the diameter of said outer rod portion, the major axis of said oval shaped inner portion being substantially greater than the diameter of said outer rod portion, the minor axis of said oval shaped inner portion being smaller than the diameter of said outer rod portion.

8. A cosmetic applicator as defined in claim 1; said oval shape in cross-section of said inner portion extending throughout substantially the entire length of said inner portion.

9. A cosmetic applicator as defined in claim 1: said longitudinally spaced tines extending in opposite directions transversely of said inner portion.

10. A cosmetic applicator as defined in claim 1; said longitudinally spaced tines extending in opposite directions transversely of said inner portion; said opening being generally circular, the major axis of said oval shaped inner portion being substantially greater than the diameter of said opening, the minor axis of said oval shaped inner portion being smaller than the diameter of said opening.

11. A cosmetic applicator as defined in claim 1; said longitudinally spaced tines extending in opposite directions transversely of said inner portion; said member including an outer rod portion from which said inner portion extends movable through said wiper opening to be wiped around its entire perimeter by said wiper.

12. A cosmetic applicator as defined in claim 1; said longitudinally spaced tines extending in opposite directions transversely of said inner portion; said member including an outer rod portion from which said inner portion extends movable through said wiper opening to be wiped around its entire perimeter by said wiper, said opening being generally circular in shape and smaller in diameter than the diameter of said outer rod portion.

13. A cosmetic applicator as defined in claim 1; said longitudinally spaced tines extending in opposite directions transversely of said inner portion; said member including an outer rod portion from which said inner portion extends movable through said wiper opening to be wiped around its entire perimeter by said wiper. said opening being generally circular in shape and smaller in diameter than the diameter of said outer rod portion. the major axis of said oval shaped inner portion being substantially greater than the diameter of said outer rod portion. the minor axis of said oval shaped inner portion being smaller than the diameter of said outer rod portion.

14. A cosmetic applicator as defined in claim 1: said longitudinally spaced tines extending in opposite directions transversely of said inner portion; said member including an outer rod portion from which said inner portion extends movable through said wiper opening to be wiped around its entire perimeter by said wiper said opening being generally circular in shape and smaller in diameter than the diameter of said outer rod portion. the major axis of said oval shaped inner portion being substantially greater than the diameter of said outer rod portion. the minor axis of said oval shaped inner portion being smaller than the diameter of said outer rod portion; said oval shape in cross-section of said inner portion extending throughout substantially the entire length of said inner portion.

Patent Citations
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Classifications
U.S. Classification132/218
International ClassificationA46B9/00, A45D40/26, A46B9/02
Cooperative ClassificationA46B9/021, A45D40/267
European ClassificationA45D40/26C2A, A46B9/02A