Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3896995 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 29, 1975
Filing dateApr 12, 1974
Priority dateApr 12, 1974
Publication numberUS 3896995 A, US 3896995A, US-A-3896995, US3896995 A, US3896995A
InventorsJhon Lelicoff
Original AssigneeJhon Lelicoff
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Flying insect repellant assembly
US 3896995 A
Abstract
An insect repellant assembly capable of being removably secured at a desired location on a user or on a user's garment, which assembly includes a relatively small pad of a liquid absorbant material that holds a quantity of the repellant therein. The pad overlies a major portion of a first side of a pliable sheet barrier that is impervious to the repellant. The second side of the barrier has a film of pressure sensitive adhesive thereon. A number of pliable protective sheets are included as a part of the assembly, which sheets, prior to the assembly being used for insect repellant purposes extend over the pad and film to protect the same from inadvertent contact by a user. When it is desired to use the assembly for insect repellant purposes, the protective sheets are stripped therefrom, and the adhesive film used to removably hold the assembly on a desired portion of a user or a user's garment.
Images(1)
Previous page
Next page
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent Lelicoff July 29, 1975 [54] FLYING INSECT REPELLANT ASSEMBLY 3,685,734 8/1972 Paciorek et al 239/54 X [76] Inventor: Jhon Lelicoff, 966 Heap Ave, San Primary Examiner Robert S ward, Jr.

Mateo Cdhf' 86301 Attorney, Agent, or FirmWi1liam C. Babcock [22] Filed: Apr. 12, 1974 21 Appl. NO.Z 460,300 ABSTRACT An msect repellant assembly capable of bemg removably secured at a desired location on a user or on a [52] US. Cl 239/36; 239/56; 43/132 R; users garment, which assembly includes a relatively 161/406 small pad of a liquid absorbant material that holds a [51] A61L 9/04; AOIM 1/20; 3323 7/06 quantity of the repellant therein. The pad overlies a [58] Field of Search 239/34, 36, 53-57; major portion f a fi t Side f a pliable sheet barrier 43/132 R; 161/406 that is impervious to the repellant. The second side of the barrier has a film of pressure sensitive adhesive References Cited thereon. A number of pliable protective sheets are in- UNITED STATES PATENTS cluded as a part of the assembly, which sheets, prior to 2,615,754 10 1952 Lindenberg 239/56 x the assembly being used for insect fepellam P p 2,626,833 1/1953 Valentine 239/36 X extend Over the P and film to Protect the Same from 2,734,503 2/1956 Doyle 161/406 X inadvertent contact by a user. When it is desired to 3,185,394 5/1965 Farrell 239/36 use the assembly for insect repellant purposes, the 3,411,973 11/1968 Frohbaeh 161/406 X protective sheets are stripped therefrom, and the ad g 1 3 3 53 hesive film used to removably hold the assembly on a uc 1 3,623,659 11/1971 Maierson et a1... 239/56 des'red porno of a user or a user 5 garment 3,664,910 5/1972 Hollie 161/406 X 7 Claims, 9 Drawing Figures PATENTED JUL 2 9 I975 FLYING INSECT REPELLANT ASSEMBLY BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention Insect repellant assembly.

2. Description of the Prior Art In the past few years, numerous volatile liquid organic materials have been developed that tend to repel insects such as mosquitos and the like. Such materials may be distributed in an area that is to be protected from insects by being sprayed on surfaces adjacent thereto, or into the air as an aerosol mist. Also, such materials, if they are non-toxic, may be applied to the skin or garments of the user.

However, such methods of application are unsatisfactory, in that when the repellant is applied to the skin it is at least partially absorbed into the body of the user, and this absorbed portion, of course, being ineffective in repelling insects. There is some evidence that volatile liquids used as repellants whether toxic or nontoxic on the skin and absorbed into the body of the user create damaging residual factors in the health of the user. When the repellant is applied to a surface, the surface may be too far from the user for the repellant to be effective in protecting him, and this is likewise true of applying the repellant as an aerosol spray, for even a light wind or breeze will dissipate the aerosol mist to render the same ineffective against insects.

The primary purpose in devising the present invention is to supply a simple, inexpensive insect repellant assembly that may be removably secured to the garment or a desired body portion of a user and with the assurance that the part of the users body adjacent the assembly will be protected from the biting action of insects, such as mosquitos, gnats and the like.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The insect repellant assembly includes a relatively small absorbant pad which pad contains a volatile insect repellant, with the pad secured to the first side of a pliable barrier sheet, and the second side of the sheet being coated with a film of a pressure sensitive adhesive. A number of protective sheets are provided, which prior to the assembly being used are secured thereto, and extend over the absorbant pad and the film of adhesive to protect the same from inadvertent contact by a user. When the device is used, the protective sheets are peeled therefrom, and the barrier sheets and supported pad are removably secured to a desired portion of a person that is to be protected from insects, or a desired location on a persons garment. When the assembly is so applied, the volatile liquid repellant evaporates slowly from the pad, and to the extent that insects such as mosquitos, gnats or the like are discouraged from coming close to the portion of the user on which the assembly is removably mounted. After the assembly has served its intended purpose, it is removed, and discarded.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a first form of the invention, and with the protective sheets in place thereon;

FIG. 2 is a perspective form of the invention shown in FIG. 1, after the pad protecting sheets have been stripped therefrom;

FIG. 3 is a fragmentary cross sectional view of the invention after all of the protective strips have been peeled therefrom, and the invention is in such a condition that it may be removably applied to a desired body portion of a user or users garment;

FIG. 4 is a perspective view of a second form of the invention, with the protective sheets for the absorbant pads stripped therefrom;

FIG. 5 is a perspective view of the second form of the invention illustrating the surface portion thereof that is coated with a pressure sensitive adhesive film;

FIG. 6 is a longitudinal cross sectional view of the second form of the invention shown in FIG. 1 taken on the line 6-6 thereof, and illustrating the second form of the invention with both the pad protecting strips and adhesive film protecting strip mounted thereon;

FIG. 7 is a perspective view of a third form of the invention;

FIG. 8 is a perspective view of a fourth form of the invention; and

FIG. 9 is a transverse cross sectional view of a fourth form of the invention taken on the line 99 of FIG. 8.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT A first form A of the flying insect repellant assembly is shown in FIG. 1, where it will be seen that the invention includes an elongate pad 10 that is centered on an elongate pliable barrier sheet 12. The pad 10 when so disposed on the sheet 12 covers only a portion of a first upper surface thereof, and the sheet 12 accordingly has uncovered end portions 12a as shown in FIG. 2. The pad 10 contains a quantity of a volatile liquid insect repellant (not shown) of the type such as is presently commercially available which may contain the following organic insect repellant material N-diethyl-metatoluamide.

The barrier strip 12 is impervious to the liquid insect repellant (not shown), and prevents the repellant being absorbed by the skin of the user.

The surface end portions 12a have end portions of two protective pliable strips 14 and 14a secured thereto by conventional means, with the protective sheets overlapping the adjacent end portions of the second sheets 14a as illustrated in FIG. 1 and being removably secured thereto by a pressure sensitive adhesive (not shown). The second side of the barrier sheet 12 as may best be seen in FIG. 3 is coated with a film 16 of a pressure sensitive adhesive. Two second sheets 18 and 18a are secured to the barrier sheet end portions 12a as may be seen in FIG. 2, and overlap one another at substantially the center of the pad 10, and are removably secured to one another by pressure sensitive adhesive (not shown). When it is desired to use the first form A of the invention, the sheets 14 and 14a are stripped therefrom, as are the protective sheets 18 and 18a. The pad 10 and barrier sheet 12 as shown in FIG. 3 may then be removably secured to a desired body portion of the skin of a user (not shown) or a users garment (not shown), with the volatile insect repellant thereafter evaporating from the pad 10 to discourage insects lighting on or biting a portion of the user (not shown) adjacent the pad 10. The protective sheets 14 and 14a, and 18 and 18a serve to protect the pad 10 and pressure sensitive adhesive film 16 being inadvertently contacted by user (not shown) prior to the first form A.

The second form B of the invention is shown in FIG. 4 that includes an elongate pad of an absorbent material that contains a volatile liquid insect repellant (not shown) and this pad being of less length than a rectangular pliable sheet 22 that is impervious to the repellant and on which the pad 20 is mounted and secured thereto by conventional means (not shown).

The pad 20 only partially covers the first surface of the barrier sheet 22 and as a result the barrier sheet 22 has uncovered end portion 22a. The barrier sheet 22 on a second side thereof is covered with a film 24 of a pressure sensitive adhesive. The second form B of the invention as may best be seen in FIGS. 4 and 6 includes a rectangular frame 26 that extends around the pad 20, the frame being secured to the first side of the barrier sheet 22 by conventional means, and the frame formed from a material impervious to the repellant. The second form B of the invention also includes a first pair of protective sheets 28 and 28a that have end portions thereof secured to the ends 22a of the barrier sheet as shown in FIG. 6, with a portion of the protective sheet 28a overlapping the protective sheet 28 and being removably secured thereto by pressure sensitive adhesive means (not shown). A second pair of protective sheets 30 and 30a have the end portions thereof secured to the second surfaces of the barrier sheet 22, with the sheet 30a extending over the sheet 30 and removably secured thereto by a pressure sensitive adhesive (not shown). When the protective sheets are disposed as shown in FIG. 6 the sheets 28 and 28a cooperate with the frame 26 and barrier sheet 22 to completely envelope the pad 20 and prevent the volatile insect repellant (not shown) evaporating therefrom.

When it is desired to use the second form B of the invention, the protective strips 28, 28a and 30 and 30a are peeled therefrom and discarded, with the barrier sheet 22, frame 26 and pad 20 being removably secured as a unit to a desired portion of a user or a users garment. When the second form B of the invention is so mounted on the user or the users garment the volatile insect repellant evaporates from the pad 20 and discourages flying insects such as mosquitos, flies or the like from coming into contact with the user or users garments, on which the second form B of the invention is mounted.

A third form C of the invention is shown in FIG. 7 that includes an absorbant pad 32 that contains a volatile liquid insect repellant, with the pad being encased in an envelope 34 formed from a rigid plastic material or the like that is secured to a first surface 36 of a barrier sheet 38 that is formed from a pliable sheet material. The second surface of the barrier sheet 38 is coated with a pressure sensitive adhesive 40 to permit the assembly C to be removably secured to a desired portion of a user or users garment (not shown). The envelope 34, if desired, may have weakened areas 42 formed therein that may be punched out when the invention C is desired to be used to permit the volatile liquid insect repellant to escape from the pad 32 as a vapor. Such vapor discourages the approach of flying insects to the portion of a user or users garments on which the third form C of the invention is mounted.

A fourth form D of the invention is illustrated in FIG. 9 that includes a circular pad 44 that contains a volatile liquid insect repellant (not shown) with the pad being disposed within the confines of a circular rigid frame 46 that has two generally semicircular protective sheets 48 and 48a secured to the upper first surface 50 thereof, with the sheet 48a overlapping the sheet 48 and being removably secured thereto by a pressure sensitive adhesive (not shown). The second surface 52 of the ring 46 has a barrier sheet 54 secured thereto which barrier sheet on the lower surface thereof, as viewed in F IG. 9, is coated with a pressure sensitive adhesive 55.

Two protective sheets 56 and 56a are secured to peripheral edge portions of the sheet 54, with the second sheet 56a overlapping the first sheet 56 and being removably secured thereto by pressure sensitive adhesive. When it is desired to use the fourth form D of the invention, the protective sheets 48 and 48a and 56 and 56a are peeled therefrom to expose the pressure sensitive film 55, which film is used to removably secure the fourth form D of the invention to a desired body portion of the user or users garments (not shown). The volatile liquid repellant evaporates from the pad 44 when the invention D is so mounted on a user or users garment, and in the vapor thereof discourages flying insects such as mosquitos, gnats, or the like from approaching the user.

It will be particularly noted in both the second, third and fourth forms of the invention that the volatile liquid repellant is sealed from contact with the ambient atmosphere and as a result there is little or no loss of the repellant prior to the time the invention is placed in an operable condition on a desired portion of a user or users body as previously described.

Although the invention has been illustrated and described in four different forms it will be apparent that these forms may be of other shapes if desired such as a triangular, ellipse or the like and still operate in the same manner as previously described.

The use and operation of the invention has been described previously in detail and need not be repeated.

I claim:

1. A device for use in maintaining a quantity of a volatile insect repellant adjacent a desired portion of the human body without said insect repellant being in contact with said portion, said device comprising:

a. a first sheet of pliable material that is impervious to said insect repellant, said sheet having first and second sides;

b. a pad of absorbent material secured to a first side of said first sheet, said pad being of sufficient volume to absorb said quantity of insect repellant;

c. first adhesive means that cover at least a portion of said second side of said first sheet to permit said first sheet to be removably secured to said desired portion of the human body on the exterior surface of clothing covering said portion;

d. a hollow frame of a material impervious to said insect repellant that extends completely around said pad and with said frame secured to said first side of said first sheet;

e. at least one second pliable sheet that extends over said adhesive means and is lightly bonded thereto, said second sheet being removable from said adhesive means to permit said first sheet to be removably secured to said desired portion of the human body;

f. at least one third sheet of a material impervious to said insect repellant that extends across said frame outwardly from said pad, said first sheet, frame and third sheet cooperating to define a confined space in which said pad is disposed; and

g. means for removably sealing said third sheet to said frame to prevent said pad in said confined space from communicating with the ambient atmosphere until said third sheet is removed from said frame.

2. A device as defined in claim 1 in which said first adhesive means is a layer of a pressure sensitive adhesive.

3. A device as defined in claim 1 in which first sheet, pad, frame and second sheet, and third sheet are circular in shape.

4. A device as defined in claim 3 in which said second and third sheets are defined by second and third pairs of generally semi-circular segments that overlap and are removably bonded to one another.

5. A device as defined in claim 1 in which said second and third sheets are defined by second and third pairs of segments that overlap and are removably bonded to one another.

A device for use in maintaining a quantity of a volatile insect repellant adjacent a desired portion of the human body without said insect repellant being in contact with said portion, said device comprismg:

a. a first sheet of pliable material that is impervious to said insect repellant, said sheet having first and second sides;

b. a pad of absorbent material secured to a first side of said first sheet, said pad being of sufficient volume to absorb said quantity of insect repellant;

c. first adhesive means that cover at least a portion of said second side of said first sheet to permit said first sheet to be removably secured to said desired portion of the human body on the exterior surface of clothing covering said portion; and

d. an inverted cup shaped member that includes an end wall from which a continuous side wall extends inwardly and is secured to said first side of said first strip, said end wall having a plurality of spaced openings therein, said cup shaped member cooperating with said first strip to provide a confined space in which said pad is disposed, with said insect repellant as it vaporizes passing outwardly to the ambient atmosphere through said openings, and said cup shaped member formed from a material impervious to said insect repellant.

7. A device as defined in claim 6 which in addition includes:

e. a second sheet formed from a pliable material impervious to said insect repellant; and

f. first means for removably holding said second sheet in sealing contact with the exterior surface of said end wall, with said device not being actuated to repell insects until said second sheet is removed from said sealing contact with said end wall.

UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTIUN Patent No. 995 Da'ted -Y 1 7 Inventor (s) Jhon Lelicoff It is certified that error appears in the above-identified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below:

Delete "San Mateo, Calif. 86301" and insert --Prescott, Arizona 8630l--.

Signed and Scaled this Thirty-first Day of August 1976 Arrest:

RUTH C. M sc: C. MARSHALL DANN Arresting Officer Commissioner oflalems-and Traden'iarks

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2615754 *Mar 7, 1949Oct 28, 1952Lindenberg FredSachet
US2626833 *Aug 7, 1950Jan 27, 1953Joseph E ValentinePackage for perfume and the like
US2734503 *Aug 9, 1952Feb 14, 1956 Heat sterilizable elastic
US3185394 *May 24, 1963May 25, 1965Farrell JohnAttachment for garments
US3411978 *Dec 31, 1964Nov 19, 1968Avery Products CorpPressure sensitive adhesive marker
US3441353 *Jan 31, 1967Apr 29, 1969Claff Clarence LPerfume dispenser
US3575345 *Jun 5, 1969Apr 20, 1971Fred H Buck JrDeodorizer dispenser
US3623659 *Dec 29, 1969Nov 30, 1971Ncr CoArticles of manufacture containing encapsulated, vaporizable core material
US3664910 *Mar 30, 1970May 23, 1972Manuel E HollieIdentifying device for documents
US3685734 *Feb 19, 1971Aug 22, 1972Minnesota Mining & MfgControlled fragrance release device
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4161283 *Jun 3, 1977Jul 17, 1979Sy HymanArticle for the dispensing of volatiles
US4277024 *Dec 20, 1978Jul 7, 1981Donald SpectorSelf-stick aroma-dispensing tab
US4283011 *Aug 28, 1979Aug 11, 1981Donald SpectorScented sticker
US4285468 *May 10, 1979Aug 25, 1981Sy HymanArticle for the dispensing of volatiles
US4744514 *Sep 5, 1986May 17, 1988Gadoua Susan MScented lapel ornament
US4905406 *Mar 8, 1989Mar 6, 1990Tom WarnerMethod and apparatus for attracting insects
US5239772 *Dec 10, 1992Aug 31, 1993Salco Products, Inc.Railroad car pesticide device holder
US5341992 *Jul 29, 1992Aug 30, 1994The Beautiful Bouquet Company LimitedContainer
US6162454 *Aug 7, 1996Dec 19, 2000The Procter & Gamble CompanySubstrate impregnated with volatile liquid insect repellent such as citronellol, dimethyl phthalate, thyme oil red and other specifics; porous cover layer comprising a film having three-dimensional tapered apertures covering the substrate
US6554887Aug 15, 2000Apr 29, 2003Autopax, Inc.Containment device for vapor phase transfer materials
US7059081Sep 7, 2004Jun 13, 2006Nourigat Robert MMethod for preventing pests from entering a building structure
US7121475 *Sep 13, 2004Oct 17, 2006Gary W. ThomasHunting device for carrying and retaining animal scent
US7325358 *Feb 1, 2006Feb 5, 2008Repelit LlcWeather protected deer and animal repellent container
US7380370 *Dec 22, 2004Jun 3, 2008Armex, LlcRepelling rodents
US7988984 *May 18, 2006Aug 2, 2011Energy Related Devices, Inc.Insect repellent and attractant and auto-thermostatic membrane vapor control delivery system
US8215051 *Jun 14, 2007Jul 10, 2012Insectshield LimitedPest control materials
US8277940 *Jun 18, 2009Oct 2, 2012Desiderio Marcela NScent emitting patch and/or bandage
US20100323155 *Jun 18, 2009Dec 23, 2010Desideria Marcela NSent emitting patch and/or bandage
US20110119806 *Nov 22, 2010May 26, 2011Kenneth Christopher NoblePest Entrapment Device and Method
EP0278345A2 *Jan 30, 1988Aug 17, 1988Klaus-Peter KolbatzMethod for body protection against mosquitos
EP0356028A1 *Jul 31, 1989Feb 28, 1990Clive St. John RumbleInsect repellent device
WO1996020686A2 *Jan 2, 1996Jul 11, 1996Procter & GamblePackage for containing and applying a bug repellent patch
WO1997012517A1 *Oct 1, 1996Apr 10, 1997Procter & GambleInsect repellent article
WO2004096298A1Apr 23, 2003Nov 11, 2004Autopax Packaging IncContainment device for vapor phase transfer materials
Classifications
U.S. Classification239/36, 239/56, 43/132.1
International ClassificationA01M29/12, A61L9/12, A01K27/00, A01M1/20
Cooperative ClassificationA61L9/12, A01M29/12, A01M2200/012, A01M1/2044, A01K27/007
European ClassificationA01M29/12, A01K27/00F, A61L9/12, A01M1/20C2L