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Publication numberUS3898666 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 5, 1975
Filing dateJan 21, 1974
Priority dateJan 21, 1974
Publication numberUS 3898666 A, US 3898666A, US-A-3898666, US3898666 A, US3898666A
InventorsMassa Dominick A
Original AssigneeWarwick Electronics Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Antenna mounting assembly
US 3898666 A
Abstract
An integral antenna for use in receivers and/or transmitters includes a split swivel ball with a through bore for slidably receiving an extendible, telescopic antenna rod held by an internal spring. The antenna rod slides over a removable insert stud having stop pins which engage the swivel ball to normally prevent withdrawal of the rod. To replace the antenna rod without disassembly of or internal access to the swivel ball, the stop pins are manipulated through tortuous bayonet slots contiguous with the through bore to allow the stud and connected rod to be slid through the bore.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent 1191 Massa [5 ANTENNA MOUNTING ASSEMBLY [75] Inventor: Dominick A. Massa, Arlington Heights, 111.

[73] Assignee: Warwick Electronics Inc., Chicago,

Ill.

[22] Filed: Jan. 21, 1974 21 1 Appl. No: 434,819

[ Aug. 5, 1975 3,254,344 5/1966 Rohrs 343/901 Primary E.\aminerEli Lieberman Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Hofgren, Wegner, Allen, Stellman & McCord 57 ABSTRACT An integral antenna for use in receivers and/or transmitters includes a split swivel ball with a through bore for slidably receiving an extendible, telescopic antenna rod held by an internal spring. The antenna rod slides over a removable insert stud having stop pins which engage the swivel ball to normally prevent withdrawal of the rod. To replace the antenna rod without disassembly of or internal access to the swivel ball, the stop pins are manipulated through tortuous bayonet slots contiguous with the through bore to allow the stud and connected rod to be slid through the bore.

11 Claims, 5 Drawing Figures ANTENNA MOUNTING ASSEMBLY BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to a swivel ball antenna mounting assembly which allows simple replacement of an extensible antenna rod without disassembly of the mounting structure and without requiring internal access to the housing which mounts the swivel ball.

Integral antennas for portable radio transmitters and- /or receivers often include a ball and socket assembly which allows an extendible antenna rod to be swivcled in all directions. The swivel ball may have an axially extending through bore for slidably receiving a tubular antenna rod formed of telescoping sections. The base tubular rod can be axially pushed through the swivel ball to retract the antenna into the equipment housing.

Existing swivel ball antenna mounting assemblies cannot be serviced easily when one of the telescoping antenna sections is broken and the extendible antenna must be replaced. In present portable television receiver antenna mounting structures, for example, it is necessary to remove the cabinet or back cover, and may be necessary to partially disassemble the antenna mounting assembly, in order to replace the broken off antenna rod with a new antenna rod.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION In accordance with the present invention, an improved swivel ball antenna mounting assembly allows replacement of an extendible antenna rod without disassembly of the antenna mounting structure, and without requiring access to the interior of the cabinet. The antenna rod has stop pins which normally prevent withdrawal of the antenna rod. An internal spring located within the split swivel ball frictionally holds the antenna rod in any extended position and provides electrical continuity between rod and ball. When the antenna is to be replaced, the antenna rod is manipulated to allow the stop pins to slide through tortuous bayonet slots and out of engagement with the swivel ball. Preferably, the telescoping antenna rod slides over a removable insert stud which forms a bayonet base for mating engagement with the bayonet slots.

One object of the present invention is the provision of a swivel ball antenna mounting assembly which allows an extendible antenna rod to be replaced easily without requiring disassembly of or internal access to the mounting structure.

Other objects and features of the invention will be apparent from the following description and from the drawings. While an illustrative embodiment of the invention is shown in the drawings and will be described in detail herein, the invention is susceptible of embodiment in many different forms and it should be understood that the present disclosure is to be considered as an exemplification of the principles of the invention and is not intended to limit the invention to the embodiment illustrated.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. I is a side view, partly in section. of the antenna mounting assembly of the present invention;

FIG. 2. is an exploded view partly in section, of the swivel ball and tubular antenna rod shown in FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is a sectional view of the swivel ball, taken along lines 3-3 of FIG. 1. showing the whole antenna rod located in the through bore;

FIG. 4 is another sectional view of the swivel ball taken along lines 4-4 of FIG. 3, showing the whole antenna rod located in the through bore; and

FIG. 5 is a plane sectional view taken along lines 5-5 of FIG. 3.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT Turning to FIG. 1, a cabinet or housing for electronic equipment. such as a portable television receiver, has an integral antenna consisting of a capture member, here illustrated as a swivel ball assembly 12 for slidably and swivelably holding an antenna rod 14 formed of a plurality of thin walled tubular sections which are coaxially internested inside one another. Electric connection can be made to the swivel ball 12 by any conventional method to allow the antenna rod 14 to form a pole of an antenna. A seat gasket 16, formed of a friction material, is located within a circular opening in the cabinet. A leaf spring 18 urges the swivel ball into frictional engagement with the gasket 16 to maintain the extended antenna at any desired angle relative to the housing 10. The antenna rod 14 can be slidably pushed through a through bore in the swivel ball 12, a circular opening 20 in the leaf spring, and a coaxial circular opening 22 in an extending arm of the housing 10 for retention within the housing 10, as when the electronic equipment is being transported.

The swivel ball 12 and antenna rod 14 are shown in detail in the remaining FIGS. 2-5. Swivel ball 12 is split and consists of two hemispheres 24 and 25 having alignment pins 26 and 27, respectively, which mate with alignment holes in the opposite hemisphere for assembly of the split swivel ball. An axial through bore 30 is formed by semieylindrical recesses in each hemisphere 24 and 25. Into the sides of the semieylindn'cal recesses, deeper grooves 32 form a tortuous bayonet slot which allows axial passage of a pair of stop pins 34 of wider diameter than the diameter of antenna rod 14. Within the swivel ball, a center opening 36 holds a spring 38 having biased inward sides 40 for frictional engagement with the antenna rod 14 when located in the through bore 30.

Antenna rod 14 includes a lowermost thin-walled tube 44 into which a plurality of upper nested tubes (not illustrated) may be telescoped in a conventional manner to allow telescopic extension of the antenna. The lower tube 44 is forceably urged over a neck of an insert stud 46 having a head portion with a guide bevel 48 from which extends the pair of bayonet prongs or pins 34. The lower tube 44 has a pair of elongated indents 50 formed by pressing inward the thin-walled tube to form generally rectangular detents. On the extending neck of the stud 46, a pair of mating rectangular recesses 52 are provided into which the indents 50 are snap fit. Insert stud 46 can be removed from the lower tube 44 by grasping the stud head and pulling apart the stud 46 relative to the tube 44.

The antenna element 14 may be inserted through the swivel ball 12 by aligning the bayonet pins 34 with the tortuous bayonet slot 32 in the through bore. The antenna rod is then urged downwardly until the bayonet pins 34 engage a shoulder which defines a cavity to allow the pins 34 to be rotated for continued move ment downward through a center portion of the bayonet slots 32 until engaging a shoulder 62. The antenna rod is again rotated 90 to align the bayonet pins with the final portion of the bayonet slots 32. The antenna rod may'then be pushed downwardly through the coaxial apertures and 22, see FIG. 1. As the bayonet pins pass beyond the swivel ball 12, the antenna rod 14 should be rotated 90 to prevent withdrawal of the antenna, as will be described.

When the integral antenna is to be extended for normal use, the telescoping sections located within the tube 44 may be extended and the lower tube 44 may be raised upwardly through the coaxial apertures 22 and 23 until the bayonet stop pins 34 engage a shoulder 64 formed by the walls of the through bore 30. Shoulder 64 forms a stop surface which prevents the antenna from being inadvertently pulled out of the swivel ball, except when the antenna is to be replaced. The central spring 38 frictionally engages the tube 44 and retains the antenna rod in any elevation within the swivel ball 12. When the antenna rod is extended so that the bayonet pins'34 engage the stop shoulder 64, the swivel ball 12 can be swivelledor rotated so as to orient the extending antenna at a variety of angles with respect to the housing 10.

Should any of the telescoping sections of the antenna be broken, the antenna rod 14 can be withdrawn from the swivel ball 12 without disassembly of the mounting structure and without requiring access to the interior of the housing 10. Because insert stud 46 is solid, the antenna structure will break beyond the insert stud and a sufficient length of the tube will be left to allow easy grasp of the antennaJThe antenna is then elevated so that the bayonet pins 34 engage the stop shoulder 64, and then the antenna rod is rotated until the bayonet pins 34 align with the bayonet slot 32. The rod is then lifted upwardly until the pins engage a shoulder 68, and then is rotated 90 for alignment of the pins with the central bayonet slots 32. The rod is then lifted upwardly until the pins 34 engage an upper stop shoulder 70, and the rod is again rotated 90 to allow the entire antenna rod 14 to be lifted outof the swivel ball 12. The tube 44 can then be pulled out of its snap fit connection with the insert stud 46, and a new antenna rod can be inserted into the stud. The antenna rod can then be reinserted through the swivel ball in the same manneras previously described.

The foregoing disclosure of specific embodiments is illustrative of the broad inventive concepts comprehended by the invention.

Having described the invention, the embodiments of the invention in which an exclusive property or privilege is claimed are defined as follows:

1. An antenna mounting assembly comprising:

a capture member having an axial through bore,

an extendible antenna element slidably movable within the through bore for extension. outward from the. capture member, the antenna element havingadjacent an end thereof a projection which engages a surface of the capture member to prevent disengagement of the antenna element from the capture member and wherein at least .one grooye extends through the surface and the through bore for mating engagement with the projection to allow slidable axial movement of the antenna element through the bore,

a socket for mounting the capture member, and

release means for allowing the projection to be axially moved through the at least one groove to disengage the antenna element from the capture member.

2. The antenna mounting assembly of claim 1 wherein the projection comprises bayonet pins extending from the antenna element, and said at least one groove comprises bayonet receiving slots for mating engagement with the bayonet pins.

3. The antenna mounting assembly of claim 2 wherein the bayonet slots form a tortuous passageway defined by first bayonet slots, an interior shoulder in the capture member, a pair of second bayonet slots radially offset from the first bayonet slots, and an interior cavity for connecting the first and second bayonet slots so that twisting movement of the antenna element is required in order manipulate the antenna element through the capture member.

4. An antenna mounting assembly comprising:

a capture member comprised of at least two mating sections which can be disassembled for access to an interior cavity which holds a spring urged into the path of an axial through bore, r

an extendible antenna element slidably movable within the through bore for extension outward from the capture member, the spring being urged into the path of the bore for frictional retention of the extended antenna element,

the antenna element having adjacent an end thereof astop member which engages the capture member to prevent withdrawal of the antenna element through the bore;

a socket for mounting the capture member, and

release means for allowing'the stop member to be axially moved through the bore to disengage the antenna element from the capture member.

5. The antenna mounting assembly of claim 4 wherein the socket includes a seat for frictionally engaging the capture member and spring means for biasing the capture member against the seat.

6. An antenna mounting assembly comprising:

. a capture member having an axial through bore extending from a stop surface to an exterior surface, an extendible antenna element slidably moveable within the through bore for extension outwardly from the capture member, said element comprising a tubular member engaging a removable insert stud, said stud having adjacent an end thereof a pair of pins which extend radially beyond the tubular member and which engage the stop surface of the capture member to prevent withdrawal of the antenna element through the bore;

a socket for mounting the capture member, and

recesses formed in the bore for allowing the stop member to be axially moved past the stop surface and through the bore to disengage the antenna element at the exterior surface of the capture member.

7. An antenna mounting assembly comprising: v

a capture member having an axial through bore extending from a stop surface to an exterior surface,

an extendible antenna element slidably moveable within the through bore'for extension outwardly from the capture member, said element comprising a tubular member engaging a removable insert stud, said stud having adjacent an end thereof a pair of pins which extend radially beyond the tubular member and which engage the stop surface of the capture member to prevent withdrawal of the antenna element through the bore;

a socket for mounting the capture member, and release means for allowing the stop member to be axially moved past the stop surface and through the bore to disengage the antenna element at the exterior surface of the capture member, and

wherein the tubular member has an internally extending detent, said insert stud comprising a head carrying the stop member and an axially extending neck for insertion within the tubular member, said neck including at least one recess for mating engagement with the internally extending detent to form a snap fit connector for releasibly holding the tubular member to the insert stud.

8. An antenna mounting assembly comprising:

a swivel ball having a through bore,

a hollow tubular antenna section slidable within the through bore for extension outward from the swivel ball,

an insert stud having a neck insertable into the hollow interior of the tubular antenna section and a head extending from the neck and carrying an ex tending pin which abuts a surface of the swivel ball to prevent withdrawal of the antenna section through the bore, and

a release groove contiguous with the through bore to allow sliding movement of the tubular section and the extending pin through the bore and release groove for disengagement of the tubular antenna section and insert stud from the swivel ball.

9. An antenna mounting assembly comprising:

a swivel ball having a through bore and an interior cavity retaining a spring which extends into the through bore,

a hollow tubular antenna section slidable within the through bore for extension outward from the swivel ball, the spring extending into the bore for engagement with the tubular section, and

an insert stud having a neck insertable into the hollow interior of the tubular antenna section and a head extending from the neck for engagement with the swivel ball to prevent withdrawal of the tubular antenna section through the through bore.

10. The antenna mounting, assembly of claim 9 wherein the swivel ball comprisesa pair of sections each having an axially extending bore alignable with the axially extending bore of the opposite section to form the through bore, and a pair of central apertures alignable to form the interior cavity for the spring.

11. An antenna mounting assembly comprising:

a swivel ball having a through bore and first bayonet grooves contiguous with the through bore, second bayonet grooves contiguous with the through bore and radially offset from the first bayonet grooves, an interior chamber joining the first and second bayonet grooves,

a hollow tubular antenna section slidable within the through bore for extension outward from the swivel ball, and

an insert stud having a neck insertable into the hol low interior of the tubular antenna section and a head extending from the neck with bayonet pins extending therefrom for engagement with the swivel ball to prevent withdrawal of the tubular antenna section through the through bore, the bayonet pins being matingly engagable with the bayonet grooves to allow the antenna section and insert stud to be slid through the bore for disengagement with the swivel ball.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2470693 *May 14, 1947May 17, 1949Gabriel CoSwivel ball antenna support
US3122746 *Jan 30, 1962Feb 25, 1964Radion CorpVertical monopole pivotally and telescopically mounted on support
US3188641 *Apr 4, 1962Jun 8, 1965Wren Products CorpRod antenna used as lever when screwing mirror housing onto vehicle
US3254344 *Feb 6, 1964May 31, 1966Rohrs James JRemovable telescopic antenna
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4021809 *Oct 16, 1975May 3, 1977Afco Products IncorporatedAntenna couplings
US4198638 *Sep 1, 1978Apr 15, 1980General Motors CorporationTelescoping antenna mast connector
US5157410 *Nov 9, 1990Oct 20, 1992Orion Industries, Inc.Adjustable cellular mobile communications antenna
US7268734Feb 2, 2006Sep 11, 2007Antenex, Inc.Removable mountable aerodynamic bayonet antenna apparatus and method
US8299372Jun 11, 2010Oct 30, 2012Laird Technologies, Inc.Antenna universal mount joint connectors
Classifications
U.S. Classification343/702, 343/901
International ClassificationH01Q1/12
Cooperative ClassificationH01Q1/12
European ClassificationH01Q1/12