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Publication numberUS3898745 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 12, 1975
Filing dateAug 27, 1973
Priority dateSep 1, 1972
Also published asCA1012759A1, DE2343458A1, DE2343458B2, DE2343458C3
Publication numberUS 3898745 A, US 3898745A, US-A-3898745, US3898745 A, US3898745A
InventorsEric Harald Carlsson
Original AssigneeEric Harald Carlsson
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Drying apparatus for concentrating solutions
US 3898745 A
Abstract
A dryer comprising a vertical container with spherical contact bodies. The material to be dried is fed into the top of the container by material application means and forms a bed with the contact bodies. A drying gas is introduced into the bed, such that the material in the bed is first dried in countercurrent direction and then in co-current direction, whereupon the dried material is separated from the contact bodies in a separation zone. The separating means consist of infeed arms, a separation rotor surrounded by a separation stator, and of a perforated separation bottom allowing the dried material to pass, but retaining the contact bodies to be returned to the top of the container by a centrally disposed screw conveyor. The shape of the material application means varies with the material to be dried. When drying liquid material, the material application means comprise a bowl, rotary spiral arms within the bowl, and rotary spreading arms at the margin of the bowl. When drying pasty material, the shaft of the screw conveyor is hollow, and the pasty material is fed down through this hollow part and out through distributing pipes for mixing with the contact bodies. Situated above the distributing pipes is a bowl with rotary spiral arms. When drying solid material, the material application means comprise a bowl with spreading arms and a spreading carriage travelling in a path across the bed.
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United States Patent Carlsson DRYING APPARATUS FOR CONCENTRATING SOLUTIONS Eric Harald Carlsson, Angelholm,

Sweden Eric Harald Carlsson, Angelholm,

Sweden Aug. 27, 1973 Appl. No.: 391,095

[ Aug. 12, 1975 Primary Examiner-Charles J. Myhre Assistant ExaminerWilliam C. Anderson Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Browne, Beveridge, DeGrandi & Kline 7] ABSTRACT A dryer comprising a vertical container with spherical contact bodies. The material to be dried is fed into the top of the container by material application means and forms a bed with the contact bodies. A drying gas is introduced into the bed, such that the material in the bed is first dried in countercurrent direction and [30] Foreign Application Priority Data Sept 1, 1972 Sweden n 11312 /72 then in co-current direction, whereupon the dried material is separated from the contact bodies in a separa- 52 US. Cl. 34/9; 159/010. 29; 34/33; Zone- The Separating means consist of infeed 34/56; 34/66; 209/3 arms, a separation rotor surrounded by a separation 51 Int. Cl. F26b 3/00; F26b 3/36 Stator, and of a Perfumed SePamtiO" allowing Field of Search 34 9 7 13, 33 5 66, the dried material to pass, but retaining the contact 34/109, 168, 169; 159/1316 29; 209/3; bodies to be returned to the top of the container by a 241/2, 24 centrally disposed screw conveyor. The shape of the material application means varies with the material to [56] References Cited be dried. When drying liquid material, the material ap- UNITED STATES PATENTS plication means comprise a bowl, rotary spiral arms within the bowl, and rotary spreading arms at the mar- 2,275,117 3/1942 Vogel-Jorgensen 159/DIG. 29 gin f the bowl w drying pasty material the shaft of the screw conveyor is hollow, and the pasty mate- 3653424 4/1972 Carlsson 29 r1al is fed down through this hollow part and out 3:662:474 5 1972 Huthwaite 34/9 through distrlbutmg Pipes for mlxing the Contact bodies. Situated above the distributing pipes is a bowl FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS with rotary spiral arms. When drying solid material, 1,265,7 9 1972 it ng X the material application means comprise a bowl with 472,600 9/1957 United 34/9 spreading arms and a spreading carriage travelling in 21 423934 2/1935 United Kingdom.... 34/9 path across the bed 43,116 10/1930 Denmark 34/9 9 Claims, 9 Drawing Figures PATENTEB AUG 1 21975 SHEET SHEET DRYING APPARATUS FOR CONCENTRATING SOLUTIONS The present invention relates to a drying apparatus of the type described in British patent specification No. 1,265,719, more particularly to such an apparatus equipped with an entirely novel device for separating ready-processed material and various novel means for supplying material to be treated.

British patent specification No. 1,265,719 discloses a drying apparatus of a novel and highly efficient type. It has a very comprehensive field of use comprising especially the drying or thickening of liquid, semi-solid or solid materials. However, the field of use of this apparatus is not restricted to drying alone, but comprises any establishing of contact between two fluids or materials, such as liquid-gas contact, gas-gas contact and, liquidliquid contact, for chemical reactions. This applied also to the field of use of the apparatus according to the present invention, which should be borne in mind when the invention is explained in the following with reference to the drying of liquid, semi-solid or solid materials with gas.

The present invention provides an apparatus of the above-mentioned type giving an efficient supply of material to be treated in the apparatus and an efficient separation of ready-processed material. The invention thus makes it possible to treat materials of widely different consistencies and structures in one and the same apparatus with minor modifications only. This has not been possible before. Furthermore, the construction according to the invention also provides for the satisfactory and reliable operation of very large apparatuses.

In its widest form, the invention relates to an apparatus for contacting a first substance, such as a liquid, semi-solid or solid material, with a second substance, such as a drying gas, said apparatus comprising a container with a bed of a large number of spherical contact bodies adapted to be circulated through the container in a path which, in the order mentioned, comprises a material application zone in which the first substance is applied to the contact bodies, a main drying zone located in the upper part of the bed, a peripheral point of introduction for the second substance, a final drying zone located in the lower part of the bed, and a separation zone located beneath the bed for separating readyprocessed material from the contact bodies and retuming said contact bodies by means of a centrally disposed screw conveyor. According to the invention, the screw conveyor which is surrounded by a rotary sleeve, comprises, as a unit, material application means and separation means, said separation means consisting of infeed arms for feeding contact bodies from the lowermost part of the bed to a gap formed by an inner separation rotor and an outer stationary separation stator concentric with said inner separation rotor, there being disposed beneath said gap a perforated separation bottom adapted to allow ready-processed material separated from said contact bodies to pass, while retaining said contact bodies to be returned to the material application zone by the screw conveyor extending downwardly towards the separation bottom.

The infeed arms are preferably secured to the sleeve for rotation therewith, and the separation rotor is connected to the shaft of the screw conveyor for rotation therewith.

To improve the separation of ready-processed material from the contact bodies, the separation rotor and the separation stator are preferably provided with plates projecting into the gap.

During treatment of material which tends to become tacky when heated, the gap may be provided around its upper periphery with gas supply means for supplying cooling air.

In a preferred embodiment of the apparatus according to the invention for treating liquid material with gas, the material application means comprise a bowl disposed upon and extending around the rotary sleeve, a rotary liquid receiver connected to the shaft of the screw conveyor and extending down into said bowl for introducing the first substance into said bowl, rotary spiral arms connected to the shaft of the screw conveyor and adapted to tumble and feed the contact bodies to the outer margin of said bowl, rotary spreading arms connected with the outer periphery of said bowl and extending toward the outer wall of the container and adapted to spread the contact bodies arriving from said bowl over the bed in the container.

The liquid receiver preferably comprises a receiving bowl disposed around the shaft of the screw conveyor and discharge pipes extending downwardly from said receiving bowl.

In a preferred embodiment of the apparatus according to the invention for treating semisolider pasty material with a gas, the material application means comprise supply means for supplying the first substance through an upper hollow part of the screw conveyor shaft to distributing pipes located at the lower part of said hollow part, mixing arms located at the upper part of the screw conveyor for mixing the first substance discharged from the distributing pipes with the contact bodies, a bowl mounted on and extending around the rotary sleeve, spiral arms connected with the screw conveyor shaft and extending down into the bowl, spreading pipes connected with the bowl, and a circular lid covering the bowl and extending from the screw conveyor shaft to the distributing pipes.

In particular, it is here preferred that the supply means are in the form of an auxiliary screw conveyor located in the upper hollow part of the screw conveyor shaft, the mixing arms being disposed on the upper half of, respectively, the shaft and the sleeve of the screw conveyor.

In a preferred embodiment of the apparatus according to the invention for treating solid material with gas, the material application means comprise a bowl mounted on and extending around the rotary sleeve, rotary spreading arms connected with the outer periphery of the bowl and extending toward the outer wall of the container, said spreading arms serving to distribute the contact bodies arriving from the bowl over the bed within the container, and a carriage for spreading the first substance, disposed between the outer margin of the bowl and the wall of the container as well as above the bed, said carriage being provided with an opening in its bottom and having disposed therein a rotary conical spreading roller, said carriage being adapted to retate about the centre of the container in a path across the bed, preferably ahead of the spreading arm in the direction of rotation.

In a preferred embodiment of the apparatus according to the invention for treating chipped material with gas, the material application means comprise discharge passages located at the upper part of the screw conveyor on the rotary shaft, discharge arms located on the upper part of the screw conveyor shaft for discharging the first substance and the contact bodies through the discharge passages, a lid located above the discharge passages and the discharge arms and extending cylindrically around the uppermost part of the screw conveyor shaft, said lid surrounding a supply space for the first substance, and supply means for supplying said first substance into the supply space enclosed by the lid.

The invention will now be described in more detail in the following, reference being made to the accompanying drawings, in which:-

FIG. 1 is a diagrammatic view of a plant comprising a drying apparatus according to the invention;

FIG. 2 shows an apparatus according to the invention, the infeed means of which are designed for liquid material;

FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view of the apparatus shown in FIG. 2, taken along the line III-III in FIG. 2;

FIG. 4 is a partial view of an apparatus according to the invention, with infeed means for semi-solid material;

FIGS. 5, 6 and 7 are partial views of infeed means for solid material in an apparatus according to the invention;

FIG. 8 is a partial view of another embodiment of an apparatus according to the invention, with supply means for semi-solid or viscous material;

FIG. 9 is a partial view of an embodiment of an apparatus according to the invention, with supply means for chipped products.

The plant illustrated in FIG. 1 comprises a fan 2 driven by a motor 1 and connected to a main pipe 3 comprising an air filter 4 and a heat exchanger 5 in which the air circulating through the main pipe can be heated to the appropriate temperature. The heat exchanger 5 may be rendered inoperative when highly sensitive material is to be treated, so that air at or below room temperature flows through the main pipe 3 to an apparatus container 6 of a drying apparatus according to the invention. To this end, the pipe 3 is connected to a passage 7 extending around the container 6 and communicating with the interior thereof. The lower part of the container 6 is connected via a pipe 8 to a number of cyclones 9 which, when dry matter is to be recovered from a liquid, as in the embodiment illustrated, serve to separate the dry matter from the drying air which escapes to atmosphere via an air pipe 10 and a suction fan 12 operated by a motor 11. The drying air, saturated with the gas from the liquid, also leaves the container 6 through pipes 13.

If a wholly closed system is desired or necessary, for instance for treating evil-smelling or poisonous matter, the drying air or gas leaving the container 6 via the pipes 13 is recirculated to the fan 2, as is shown in FIG. 1. The liquid that has evaporated during drying is separated by means of a condenser A, for instance a scrubber, before the drying gas is recirculated to the fan briefly described.

As mentioned above, the apparatus shown in FIG. 2 is of the generic type disclosed by British patent specification No. 1,265,719 and the details common to both apparatuses, for instance the contact bodies, will therefore be but briefly described Furthermore, the appara- 4 tus'accordingtoFIG. 2 will be described with reference to the drying of liquid with gas.

The drying apparatus comprises a container 6 with a large number of spherical contact bodies l4, preferably of plastics material. Situated in the centre of the container, is a screw conveyor 16 operated by a motor 15 for circulating the contact bodies 14 from the lower to the upper part of the container. During operation, the contact bodies are circulated continuously by the screw conveyor 16 in an upward direction within the central part of the container and downwardly under the action of gravity within the circumferential parts of the container 6 surrounding the central part with the screw conveyor 16. Material to be dried is supplied through one or more conduits 17 within the upper part of the container. Drying gas is supplied through the passage 7 disposed around the periphery of the container and communicating, via openings in the container shell, with in-air passages 18. Ready-processed material is discharged through pipe 8 (FIG. 1). Consumed drying gas is discharged both through pipe 8 and through pipe 13 (see FIG. 1). From the operational point of view,

'the apparatus is divided into four zones, viz. a material application zone, a main drying zone, a final drying zone, and a separation zone.

In the embodiment illustrated, the material application zone comprises the conduit 17 feeding the liquid or slurry to be dried to a liquid receiver 19 in the form of a planar bowl provided at its margin with downwardly directed discharge pipes and mounted around the screw conveyor shaft. The discharge pipes terminate just above a wetting bowl 20 secured around a sleeve 21. The sleeve 21 is rotatably mounted around the screw conveyor 16 by means of a sprocket 22, a chain 23, and a motor 24 (FIG. 3). Rotation is preferably conducted in such a manner that, when the screw conveyor 16 is rotated in one direction, the sleeve will rotate in the other direction. The speeds of rotation are not critical, but may be varied as deemed suitable. Extending into the wetting bowl 20 are also, in addition to the discharge pipes of the liquid receiver 19, a pair of spiral arms 25 connected with the screw conveyor shaft. The liquid receiver and the spiral arms serve to conduct liquid from the conduit 17 directly down into the wetting bowl 20, without coming into contact with e. g. the upper side of the spiral arms 25 on which thick layers of dried liquid would otherwise collect. In the wetting bowl, the liquid comes into contact with the contact bodies 14 that have been transferred thereinto by the screw conveyor 16. Under the action of the spiral arms 25, the contact bodies are tumbled within the liquid so that an intimate contact and a uniform liquid layer is established on the surface of the contact bodies which are then led towards and beyond the margin of the wetting bowl where spreading arms 26 take over. The spreading arms 26 which extend from the inner wall of the container 6 to the outer margin of the wetting bowl, are secured to said outer margin and consequently are rotated therewith. The spreading arms serve to spread the contact bodies in a uniform layer on the underlying bed 27, without producing an angle of repose. I

The second zone which is a main drying zone, begins at the bed 27 of coated contact bodies 14 and comprises the upp er par't of said bed. In the main drying zone, the downwardly travelling contact bodies encounter an upwardly directed drying gas stream from the radially arranged in-air passages 18. This countercurrent transport of contact bodies and drying gas provides for maximum drying effect in the main drying zone. After the main drying zone and in the lower part of the bed, more particularly beneath the point of gas introduction in the in-air passages 18, the final drying zone begins in which, as the name indicates, final drying of the material applied to the contact bodies takes place. In contradistinction to the main drying zone, the gas in the final drying zone is conducted cocurrently with the contact bodies, thereby ensuring that the last drying phase is conducted as leniently as possible. This is especially important when it is desired to avoid overheating of sensitive materials, such as foodstuffs and the like. Finally, the contact bodies 14 arrive at the fourth and last zone, i.e. the separation zone which is located in the lowermost part of the container 6 and in which the ready-processed material is separated from the contact bodies which are then returned to the material application zone by the screw conveyor 16 for the next drying cycle.

As will appear from FIG. 2, the separation zone comprises several cooperating members, the first of which are two infeed arms 28 located in the lowermost part of the bed and directly above a constriction in the cross-sectional area of the container. As will appear from FIG. 3, the infeed arms 28, as seen from above, may be of spiral shape with an area increasing from the centre of the container. The height of the inlet opening of the infeed arms is substantially constant across the cross-sectional area, as shown in FIG. 2, and preferably corresponds to the total diameter of 2 to 5, preferably 3 contact bodies. This has proved to be a favourable dimension since it prevents the spherical contact bodies from getting stuck in the passages of the infeed arms. The above-mentioned constriction, together with a separation rotor 29 located centrally within the lowermost part of the container, forms a relatively narrow circular gap towards which the contact bodies 14 are moved by the infeed arms 28. In order completely to separate the ready-processed material from the surface of the contact bodies, the separation rotor 29 in the gap is provided with plates 30 projecting into said gap and made of stainless steel or other resistant material, and furthermore the constriction of the gap is formed as a separation stator 31 which, like the separation rotor, is provided with plates 32 projecting into the gap. The separation rotor 29 is connected with the shaft of the screw conveyor 16 and formed as a cone on the outside of the sleeve 21. Experiments have shown that the radial distance from the centre line of the gap to the centre of the apparatus is preferably about 0.5-1 m since a greater distance would result in unacceptably high peripheral speeds of the plates 30 and the separation rotor 29. It should be borne in mind that this applies to a rate of revolution of about 1040 rpm of the screw conveyor 16, and that with other speeds other values are, of course, obtained. Provided underneath the gap is a perforated separation bottom 33 which is so shaped that it allows the ready-processed material to pass, while retaining the contact bodies freed from this material. The clean contact bodies are then conveyed upwardly to the material application zone by the screw conveyor 16 extending down against the separation bottom.

The separation device operates on the following principle. In the lower part of the bed 27, the contact bodies 14 with the material in a substantially dry state are passed cocurrently with a drying gas stream towards the infeed arms 28. The bodies 14 are caught by the infeed arms and moved towards the centre of the container to the annular separation gap. When passing through the gap, the bodies are moved into intimate rubbing contact with one another and with the plates 30, 32 projecting into the gap and rotating relative to one another, whereby read-dried material is completely and rapidly removed from the contact bodies 14. This removal is further facilitated by the intense gas stream which the reduction in area produces in the gap and which carries along all loose flakes of ready-processed material and ensures that the material is moved in the intended direction through the perforated separation bottom 33 to the pipe 8 for conveyance to the separation cyclone 9 shown in FIG. 1. By suitable control of the suction fan 12 and the pressure fan 2 the gas flow and thus the temperature in the container and the gap can be adjusted to the desired value.

The apparatus shown in FIG. 2 has an additional passage 34 extending around the lower cylindrical part of the container 6 in conjunction with the previously mentioned annular separation gap. The passage 34, which can be dispensed with for most applications, serves to supply cooling air to eliminate any tendency to tackiness in materials showing this tendency when heated, and to facilitate separation of the ready-processed material.

FIG. 4 shows another embodiment of the infeed means which is especially intended for feeding semisolid or paste-likematerial. To establish adequate contact between the material as fed and the contact bodies, and to ensure that a material layer is formed on the surface of the contact bodies, the arrangement is such that the material as fed will contact the contact bodies already at a distance down into the screw conveyor. For this reason, the shaft of the screw conveyor 16 is hollow in its upper part 35, and within this hollow part of the shaft an auxiliary screw conveyor 36 is provided which is operated by a motor 37. In the embodiment illustrated, the hollow shaft of the screw conveyor 16 is formed at its upper end as a receiving hopper 38 for the material which is to be introduced, and at its lower end the shaft has distributing pipes 39 through which the material is discharged into the space between the screw conveyor 16 and the sleeve 21. As is shown in FIG. 4, the feed screw of the screw conveyor 16 terminates just below the distributing pipes 39. Above the distributing pipes 39 a mixing zone 40 is provided, comprising mixing arms 41 and 42 secured to the shaft of the screw conveyor 16 and to the inner wall of the sleeve 21, respectively. These mixing arms contribute to the establishment of the above-mentioned adequate contact required between the supplied material and the contact bodies. Like the apparatus according to FIG. 2, the apparatus shown in FIG. 4 is provided at the upper end of the sleeve 21 with a bowl 20 secured around the sleeve 21, and with a pair of rotary spiral arms 25 projecting into the bowl 20. As in FIG. 2, the spiral arms 25 of FIG. 4 are connected with the shaft of the screw conveyor 16 and adapted, upon rotation, to move the contact bodies towards the margin of the bowl. To provide for an efficient spreading of the coated contact bodies 14 over the underlying bed 27, the apparatus according to FIG. 4 is provided with spreading pipes 43 secured to the margin of the bowl 20. The spreading pipes 43 preferably extend from the bowl margin a short distance downwardly toward the bed 27. Furthermore, the spreading pipes, as seen from above, may preferably show a slight rearward curvature in the direction of rotation. To establish a positive feed of the coated contact bodies through the spreading pipes 43, and also to protect the coated bodies, the bowl is provided with a lid 44 that can be removed for inspection and repairs.

FIGS. 5, 6 and 7 show a third embodiment of the infeed means designed especially for feeding and distributing solid material, such as grass. As in FIG. 2, the apparatus is equipped with a screw conveyor 16, a sleeve 21, a bowl 20 secured around the sleeve, and one'or more spreading arms 26 secured to the bowl. However, when the material to be treated is solid, the contact bodies 14 are not already in the bowl 20 contacted by the supplied material, as in the embodiment according to FIG. 2. Instead, contact is first established during distribution of the bodies over the bed27. For this reason, the conduit 17 and the liquid receiver 19 in FIG. have been replaced by a spreading carriage 45 disposed above the bed 27 and so designed that solid material, such as grass, is spread uniformly over the bed 27 by means of a conical spreading roller 46 disposed in the bottom of the carriage. The carriage is preferably secured to the bowl 20 for rotation therewith about the centre of the container 6. For rotation, the conical spreading roller 46 is provided at its end facing the container wall with a gear engaging corresponding teeth around the periphery of the container wall, and is mounted with its other end in the bowl 20. To provide for a uniform spreading of the material over each unit area of the bed 27, the opening in the bottom of the carriage 45 and the roller corresponding to said opening are conically taper'ed towards the centre of the container 6. The spreading roller shown in the drawings is a spiked roller, but it will be obvious that other roller types suited to the spreading of solid or piece material may also be employed. Furthermore, it is obvious that the carriage 45 instead 'of a-single spreading roller 46 may have two or more spreading rollers, and that the apparatus may have two or several carriages 45 travelling in the path indicated across the bed 27. To achieve the desired stratified structure of the bed, illustrated in FIG. 6, the spreader arm 26 should preferably rotate immediately after the carriage 45, thereby to prevent spread, light-weight material, such as grass, from being liftedand carried along by the upwardly directed gas stream passing through the bed 27.

. The embodiment, illustrated in FIG. 8, for viscous materials corresponds substantially to the embodiment illustrated in FIG. 4, like details being identified by like numerals. However, the infeed material application means according to FIG. 8 is somewhat simplified relative to the arrangement according to FIG. 4 and lacks int.al. the auxiliary screw conveyor 36 and the receiving hopper 38 shown in FIG. 4. Instead, the material is fed directly through a pipe 47 connected to the hollow part of the screw conveyor shaft, as shown in the Figure. The material is fed through the pipe 47 to the hollow part 35 of the screw conveyor and the distributing pipes 39 by feed means (not shown), preferably in the form of screw conveyor means.

FIG. 9 shows an embodiment of infeed material application means particularly useful for feeding chipped products and the like. As in the embodiments illustrated in FIGS. 2 and 4, the screwconveyor-l6 is provided in its upper part with discharge arms 25 discharging a mixture of contact bodies and chipped material through discharge passages 43 connected with the rotary sleeve 21 disposed around the screw conveyor. Situated above the discharge arms 25 and thedischarge passages 43 is a lid 44 extending upwardly inthe form of a cylindrical shell and enclosing a space into which the chipped material is fed by a screw conveyor 48.

The invention has been described above with reference to some specially preferred embodiments, but it will be appreciated that the invention is not restricted thereto, and that modifications are possible withinthe scope of the invention as defined by the appended claims.

What I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent 1. Apparatus for contacting a'first substance, such as a liquid, semi-solid or solid material, with a second substance, such as drying gas,'said apparatus comprising a container with a bed of a large number of spherical contact bodies adapted to be circulated through the container in a path which, in the order mentioned, comprises a material application zone in which the first substance is applied to the contact bodies, a main treatment zone located in the upper part of the bed, a peripheral point of introduction for the second substance, a final treatment zone located in the lower part of the bed, and a separation zone located beneath the bed for separating ready-processed material from the contact bodies, said separation zone including a perforated bottom allowing ready-processed material to pass, but retaining the contact bodies for returning them to the material application zone by means of a centrally disposed screw conveyor which includes a surrounding sleeve and extends down towards the perforated bottom, wherein the sleeve surrounding the screw of the screw conveyor is rotatable relative thereto, the material application zone having material application means rotat ably disposed at the upper end of the screw conveyor and including spreading means mounted for rotation with the rotatable sleeve of the screw conveyor for spreading said contact bodies in a uniform layer on said bed; said screw conveyor being provided at its lower end with separation means comprising rotatable infeed arms secured to the rotatable sleeve of the screw conveyor for rotation therewith for feeding contact bodies from the lowermost part of said bed to a gap inside and underneath the infeed arms, said gap being formed by an inner separation rotor connected with the shaft of said screw conveyor for rotation therewith, and an outer stationary separation stator concentric with said inner separation rotor, said perforated bottom being disposed undemeath said gap.

2. Apparatus as claimed in claim 1, wherein the separation rotor and the separation stator are preferably provided with plates projecting into the gap.

3. Apparatus as claimed in claim 1, wherein the gap is provided around its upper periphery with gas supply means.

4. Apparatus as'claimed in claim 1 wherein the material application means comprises a. a' bowl disposed upon and extending around the rotary sleeve,

b. a rotary liquid receiver connected to'the shaft of the screw conveyor and extending down into said bowl for introducing the first substance into said bowl,

c. rotary spiral arms connected to the shaft of the uid receiver comprises a receiving bowl disposed around the shaft of the screw conveyor and discharge pipes extending downwardly from said receiving bowl into said bowl disposed upon and extending around said rotary sleeve.

6. Apparatus as claimed in claim 1, wherein the application means comprises a. supply means for supplying the first substance through an upper hollow part of the screw conveyor shaft to distributing pipes located at the lower part of said hollow part,

b. mixing arms located at the upper part of the screw conveyor for mixing the first substance discharged from the distributing pipes with the contact bodies,

c. a bowl mounted on and extending around the rotary sleeve,

d. spiral arms connected with the screw conveyor shaft and extending down into the bowl,

e. said spreading means which comprises spreading pipes connected with the bowl, and

f. a circular lid covering the bowl and extending from the screw conveyor shaft to the distributing pipes.

7. Apparatus as claimed in claim 6, wherein the supply means are in the form of an auxiliary screw conveyor located in the upper hollow part of the screw conveyor shaft, the mixing arms being disposed on the upper half of, respectively, the shaft and the sleeve of the screw conveyor.

8. Apparatus as claimed in claim 1 wherein the material application means comprises a. a bowl mounted on and extending around the rotary sleeve,

b. said spreading means which comprises rotary spreading arms connected with the outer periphery of the bowl and extending toward the outer wall of the container, said spreading arms serving to distribute the contact bodies arriving from the bowl over the bed within the container, and

c. a carriage for spreading the first substance, disposed between the outer margin of the bowl and the wall of the container as well as above the bed, said carriage being provided with an opening in its bottom and having disposed therein a rotary conical spreading roller, said carriage being adapted to rotate about the centre of the container in a path across the bed, preferably ahead of the spreading arm in the direction of rotation.

9. Apparatus as claimed in claim 1, wherein the ma-' terial application means comprises a. discharge passages located at the upper part of the screw conveyor on the rotary shaft,

b. discharge arms located on the upper part of the screw conveyor shaft for discharging the first substance and the contact bodies through the discharge passages,

c. a lid located above the discharge passages and the discharge arms and extending cylindrically around the uppermost part of the screw conveyor shaft, said lid surrounding a supply space for the first substance, and

d. supply means for supplying said first substance into the supply space enclosed by the lid.

Patent Citations
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4609430 *Mar 4, 1985Sep 2, 1986Ngk Insulators, Ltd.Liquid material drying apparatus
US4663145 *Sep 10, 1985May 5, 1987U.S. Philips CorporationInert balls, pyrolysis
US5522156 *Apr 26, 1994Jun 4, 1996Ware; Gerald J.Drying apparatus and method
US5899566 *Jun 18, 1997May 4, 1999Bayer AktiengesellschaftReactor for corrosive reaction mixtures
US6000144 *May 31, 1996Dec 14, 1999TnoMethod for heating and cooling food products
US6163980 *Mar 2, 1999Dec 26, 2000Dhv Milieu En Infrastructuur B.V.Method and apparatus for continuous dehydration of sludge
US7572627Jul 14, 2003Aug 11, 2009United States Filter CorporationHeat transfer in non-turbulent highly viscous mixed-phase flowing streams can be improved by altering flow characteristics using spiral shaped elements to eliminate boudary phenomenon
US7574816Jul 27, 2007Aug 18, 2009Shivvers Steve DCounter flow cooling drier with integrated heat recovery
US8257767 *Jan 17, 2008Sep 4, 2012Ware Gerald JDesiccation apparatus and method
US8663725Oct 5, 2007Mar 4, 2014Advance International Inc.Method for deriving a high-protein powder/ omega 3 oil and double distilled water from any kind of fish or animal ( protein)
US20100189874 *Dec 16, 2009Jul 29, 2010Advance International, Inc.Systems and Methods for Deriving Protein Powder
EP0065332A1 *May 4, 1982Nov 24, 1982Esmil B.V.Apparatus and method for the concentration of a liquid by evaporation
WO1996006805A1 *Aug 30, 1995Mar 7, 1996Sverre GoltenMethod of drying of sludge
WO1998009920A1 *Sep 1, 1997Mar 12, 1998Dhv Milieu En Infrastructuur BMethod and apparatus for the continuous dehydration of sludge
WO2004007083A2 *Jul 14, 2003Jan 22, 2004James F RiekeSystem and method of processing mixed-phase streams
Classifications
U.S. Classification34/332, 209/3, 34/66, 159/DIG.290
International ClassificationF26B17/00, F28C3/00, F26B17/22, B01D1/14, F26B3/20, B01J8/08, F26B17/14, B01D1/22, F26B3/16, F26B17/12
Cooperative ClassificationF26B3/16, F26B17/00, B01D1/222, F26B3/205, Y10S159/29, F26B17/14
European ClassificationF26B17/14, F26B3/16, F26B3/20B, F26B17/00, B01D1/22D