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Publication numberUS3898781 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 12, 1975
Filing dateNov 17, 1969
Priority dateNov 26, 1968
Publication numberUS 3898781 A, US 3898781A, US-A-3898781, US3898781 A, US3898781A
InventorsBruno Facchini
Original AssigneeBruno Facchini
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Transparent paving tile structure
US 3898781 A
A transparent paving tile structure having at least one closed gap therein partially filled of fluid and arranged to provide continuously moving images.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent Facchini Aug. 12, 1975 TRANSPARENT PAVING TILE STRUCTURE 3,048,075 8/ 1962 Wright 272/8 P 3,387,396 6 1968 S 272 8 D Inventor: Bltuno Facchini, Vlale PaSUblO 3, D M118", Italy 3,464,132 9/1969 Matisse. 272/8 D 3,564,740 2/1971 Calfee.... 40/1062] [22] 1969 R5,649 11/1873 Bush 272/8 P [21] Appl. No.: 877,412

Primary Examiner-John E. Murtagh [30] Foreign Application Priority Data Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Guido Modiano; Albert Nov. 26, 1968 Italy 24190/68 Josif [52] US. Cl 52/311; 272/8 D [51] Int. Cl. G09f 3/00; G091 13/34 [57] ABSTRACT [58] Field of Search 52/311; 161/5, 18;

272 p 8 40/106 21 A transparent paving tile structure having at least one closed gap therein partially filled of fluid and arranged 5 Ref re e Cited to provide continuously moving images.

UNITED STATES PATENTS 12/1957 Flam .1 161/18 1 Claim, 6 Drawing Figures PATENTED E 1 2 i 75 SHEET PATENYED AUG 1 2 i875 SHEET TRANSPARENT PAVING TILE STRUCTURE BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION The present invention relates to a transparent paving tile structure arranged to provide continuously moving images visible by looking through the structure.

The main object of the present invention is that of providing a paving tile which is able of creating moving images, continuously random changing and this without making use of any device whatsoever involving the provision of a motion source of conventional kind, but merely taking advantage of the physic characteristics of certain substances. I

Another object of this invention is that the said paving tile may be manufactured at a very low cost from readily available materials.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION These and other objects which will better appear hereinbelow are attained by a transparent paving tile structure according to the invention, including the improvement wherein said structure consists of at least one pair of substantially transparent plate-like elements which are jointed to one another in a manner such as to define therebetween a closed gap which is partially filled with at least one viscous fluid in which a number of various elements are suspended.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS With reference to the above Figures, the structures according to the invention consist of a paving tile obtained by joining together two transparent plate elements 1 and 2 suitably made of plastics material, preferably tight-sealed to one another to define a closed gap or interspace. To this end the opposite faces of the plates 1 and 2 are suitably recessed except along a limited peripheral portion thus resulting in the gap being wider.

Such gap is partially filled with a viscous fluid in such a way as air bubbles are formed therein. The portion of gap filled of fluid is indicated at 3, while the bubbles are given the reference number 4. In the fluid elements 5 are suspended, which are of any nature. Thus per example they could be opaque or transparent and preferably, although not necessarily, coloured.

It should be noted that by looking through the paving tile thus obtained, for reasons explained later on the air bubbles will be seen to slowly ascend upwards according to a random movement. Thus per example the air bubbles can be split and then combined again while moving. This movement which is transmitted to the whole material in the gap is also given to the elements 5 which are caused to random move. The movement caused within the gap is approximately similar to that of the elementar particles in a cell since the particle movements are completely randomsome and free.

Preferential paths can also be provided within the gap for the moving particles.

According to the embodiment of FIGS. 5 and 6 the opposite plate elements are more then two. Between each pair of adjacent surfaces (indicated at 6,7,8 and 9) a gap is formed containing a liquid and particles suspended therein. By looking through the packet of plate elements a composite effect is obtained which is due to, say, the elementar effects described above.

Of course it is convenient that the liquids in each gap has different viscosity rate besides colours so that the ascending movement of the particles in each gap occurs at different speed.

The above described structure is used in the form of paving tiles, as shown in FIGS. 3 and 4.

In this case the movement of the particles and air bubbles 4 and 5 within the liquid 3 is due to the load acting on the tiles. When a person treads or steps on a tile, the latter is given a stress in the direction of arrows 10. Since the material which the plate elements consist of is slightly resilient, the stress causes a slight deformation of such elements, which is transmitted to the gap. The liquid, the air bubbles and the particles are thus caused to move due to the effect of the stress in the direction of the arrows 10. The effects due to such movements, while being enhanced by means of a light source placed below the plane containing the tiles, are equally visible even when such light source is not provided.

1. A paving tile having two parallel spaced apart walls joined at their edges to define a closed interspace therebetween, a viscous liquid partially filling said interspace and containing air bubbles therein, said walls being made of transparent resilient material there by to allow, upon treading, deformation thereof causing a random movement of said bubbles.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2814895 *Dec 24, 1956Dec 3, 1957Flam EdwardSimulated porthole or opening
US3048075 *Aug 8, 1960Aug 7, 1962Wright Gilbert MVisual sound representation
US3387396 *Mar 4, 1965Jun 11, 1968Crestworth LtdDisplay devices
US3464132 *Jan 24, 1967Sep 2, 1969Kalliroscope CorpGraphic display
US3564740 *Jun 6, 1968Feb 23, 1971L C Burch JrFluid novelty device
Referenced by
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US4252128 *Aug 27, 1979Feb 24, 1981Kane Donald DVisual pulse indicator
US4507087 *Aug 23, 1984Mar 26, 1985Inventions International IncorporatedClosed finger painting device
US4631847 *Dec 1, 1980Dec 30, 1986Laurence ColinEncapsulated art
US4738888 *Apr 3, 1987Apr 19, 1988Pantaleo Terese AServing mat
US5104699 *Nov 8, 1990Apr 14, 1992Integra Development InternationalPlacemat with floating figurine
US5256457 *Jun 4, 1991Oct 26, 1993Pantaleo Terese AServing mat with floating figurines that are alignable with graphics in the base of the serving mat
US5656341 *Apr 17, 1996Aug 12, 1997Pantaleo; Terese A.Liquid-filled,two-chamber device permitting transfer of liquid and discrete articles between those chambers
US7476142Mar 2, 2005Jan 13, 2009Mattel, Inc.Interactive entertainment apparatus
US20040266316 *Jun 30, 2003Dec 30, 2004Josiah LiCombination playhouse and doll carrying case
US20060199468 *Mar 2, 2005Sep 7, 2006Mastrosimone-Gese Mary GInteractive entertainment apparatus
US20060210761 *Mar 14, 2006Sep 21, 2006Gianfranco BarbanInteractive surface
US20070254140 *Apr 13, 2007Nov 1, 2007Okia Optical Co., Ltd.Laminate for eyeglass frame with embedded design pattern and manufacturing method thereof
US20090071046 *Sep 19, 2007Mar 19, 2009Mr. Christmas IncorporatedDecorative card enclosing liquid
US20100314034 *Dec 16, 2010Okia Optical Co., Ltd.Laminate for eyeglass frame with embedded design pattern and manufacturing method thereof
EP0847877A1 *Dec 29, 1996Jun 17, 1998Uwe BiedererProcess for making decorative articles and articles produced by the said process
EP1702750A1 *Mar 10, 2006Sep 20, 2006B.LAB Italia S.r.l.Interactive surface
EP2035240A4 *Apr 13, 2007May 2, 2012Okia Optical Co LtdLaminate for eyeglass frame with embedded decorative design pattern and manufacturing method thereof
WO2007079512A1 *Jan 9, 2007Jul 19, 2007Franz FuggerBuilding component and process for producing the same
U.S. Classification52/311.2, 40/406, 428/13
International ClassificationB44F1/10, B44F1/00, B44C5/00, B44F1/06
Cooperative ClassificationE04F13/0871, B44F1/10, E04F15/02, B44C5/005, B44F1/066
European ClassificationB44F1/06D, B44F1/10, B44C5/00B, E04F15/02, E04F13/08K