|Publication number||US3899234 A|
|Publication date||Aug 12, 1975|
|Filing date||Mar 20, 1974|
|Priority date||Mar 20, 1974|
|Publication number||US 3899234 A, US 3899234A, US-A-3899234, US3899234 A, US3899234A|
|Inventors||Marvin Leo Yeager, Homer Ernst Henschen, Robert George Harwood|
|Original Assignee||Amp Inc|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (3), Referenced by (66), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent [191 Yeager et al.
[ Aug. 12, 1975 LOW INSERTION FORCE CAM ACTUATED PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD CONNECTOR  Assignee: AMP Incorporated, Harrisburg, Pa.
 Filed: Mar. 20, 1974  Appl. No.: 453,116
OTHER PUBLICATIONS IBM Technical Bulletin, High-Density Card Edge Connector, Agard et al., Vol. 13, No. 9, p. 2612, Feb., 1971.
Primary Examiner-Roy Lake Assistant ExaminerNeil Abrams Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Russell J. Egan, Esq.
 ABSTRACT A low insertion force connector is disclosed for mounting printed circuit boards and the like, the contacts of the connector being engaged with and disengaged from an edge of the board through cam actuation. The housing of the subject connector has an elongated board receiving aperture. An elongated contact drive member lies freely at the bottom of the aperture and a cam is arranged to move between the drive member and aperture bottom. A plurality of contacts are mounted in spaced apart parallel arrangement on both elongated walls of the aperture. The subject connector can be arranged for the cam movement to either drive the contacts into engagement with a board inserted in the aperture or to drive the contacts to a position where the aperture will be substantially cleared of contacts to allow insertion of a circuit board without force.
9 Claims, 13 Drawing Figures PAIENTE AUG 1 21975 3. 899,234
SHEET I 5 AK 3% X LOW INSERTION FORCE CAM ACTUATED PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD CONNECTOR BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. The Field of the Invention The present invention relates .to a zero or low insertion force corrector for mounting a printed circuit board or the like and in particular to a low insertion force connector utilizing a cam driven member for bringing a multiplicity of contacts into and out of engagement with the circuit board.
2. The Prior Art Zero insertion force connectors are well known and come in a variety of configurations. Most of the zero insertion force connectors thus far produced have been relatively expensive to manufacture due to the relatively high number of parts involved and, in some instances, close tolerance parts requiring expensive manufacturing processes, such as machining. Other such connectors have intricate actuating mechanisms generally requiring two actuating members, one for each side of the circuit board or substrate.
An example of one type of known low insertion force connector can be found in U.S. Pat. Nos. 3,130,351 and 3,478,301. These patents show connectors having contacts which are normally positioned to be out of engagement with a circuit board. The contacts are brought into engagement with a board by pressing the board into the connector against cam members which bias the contacts into engagement with the board. While such an arrangement achieves a low wear on the pads of the board, it requires a substantial amount of effort to actuate the cam means.
Attempts have been made to use a fluid pressure inflatable member as the camming means to compress or spread contacts into or out of engagement with printed circuit boards. Examples of this type of low insertion force connector can be found in U.S. Pat. Nos. 2,978,666 and 3,366,916.
The more common approach to cam actuation has been to have a longitudinally extending cam mounted in the housing and to actuate the cam to apply force to the contacts either directly or through members moveable in the housing. Examples of this type of connector can be found in U.S. Pat. Nos. 3,495,132; 3,665,370; and 3,697,929.
Attempts have also been made to obviate the need for a separate cam and to use portions of the housing directly to act on the contacts to drive them into and out of engagement with the circuit board. Such teachings can be found in U.S. Pat. Nos. 2,857,577; 3,474,387; 3,475,717; and 3,639,888.
Most of the above mentioned connectors which employ earns rotate the cams about their own axial dimension. Others have taught using cams moved longitudinally of the connector member. Examples of such teachings can be found in U.S. Pat. Nos. 3,426,313 and 3,576,515.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The subject low insertion force edge board connector includes an elongated housing having an elongated board receiving aperture therein, a cam member adopted to be moved longitudinally of the housing along the bottom of the aperture, a contact drive moveable with respect to the base of the aperture in responsive to movement of the cam, and a plurality of contacts mounted in the housing and responsive to movement of the contact drive member. The contacts of the subject connector are adapted to driven either into or out of engagement with the circuit board from a normal position. The contact drive member can be either a simple channel shaped configuration which acts on a free end of contacts or it can include a plurality of parallel spaced apart spacer members defining recesses in which the contacts lie. The cam member can have either a single camming surface or a plurality of camming surfaces adapted to coact with alike plurality of cam surfaces on the contact driving member.
It is therefore an object of the present invention to produce an improved can actuated low insertion force edge board connector in which contacts normally positioned spaced apart a distance greater than the thickness of a circuit board are driven into engagement with the circuit board through actuation of a contact drive member responsive to a cam member in the connector housing.
It is another object of the present invention to produce a low insertion force edge board connector having a plurality of contacts normally positioned to engage circuit board, the contacts being removed to a position remote from their normal position by a contact drive member responsive to the axial movement of the cam.
It is still another object of the present invention to produce a low insertion force edge board connector having a contact drive member which acts on the free ends of the contacts thus requiring only a relatively low cam force for operation.
It is a further object of the present invention to produce an improved low insertion force edge board connector having a contact drive member which both protects the contacts during actuation and moves the contacts from a position remote from a circuit board to a position engaging the pads of the circuit board.
It is yet another object of the present invention to produce an improved low insertion force edge board connector which can be readily and economically produced.
The foregoing and other objects of the present invention will become apparent to those skilled in the art from the following detailed description taken with reference to the accompanying drawings.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a perspective view of an end portion of the preferred embodiment of the subject low insertion force edge board connector;
FIG. 2 is a longitudinal vertical section through one end of the edge board connector shown in FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a vertical transverse'section through the edge board connector shown in FIGS. 1 and 2 showing the position of the contacts with the cam removed;
FIG. 4 is a vertical transverse section, similar to FIG. 3, showing the subject edge board connector with the cam in place and the contacts positioned for receiving a circuit board;
FIG. 5 is a vertical transverse section through a first alternate embodiment of the subject edge board connector showing the contacts in an unbiased condition;
FIG. 6 is a vertical transverse section through the first alternate embodiment of FIG. 5 showing the contacts after actuation by the cam; 7
FIG. 7 is a vertical transverse section through a second alternate embodiment of the subject edge board connector showing the contacts before being actuated by the cam;
FIG. 8 is a vertical transverse section, similar to FIG. 7, showing the second alternate embodiment after the contacts have been actuated by the cam;
FIG. 9 is a vertical transverse section through a third alternate embodiment of the subject edge board connector showing the contacts at rest;
FIG. 10 is a vertical transverse section similar to FIG.
9 showing the third alternate embodiment of subject edge board connector after actuation by an alternate cam;
FIG. 11 is a longitudinal vertical section through one end of the subject edge board connector showing another alternate arrangement of the cam and contact drive member;
FIG. 12 is a fragmentary vertical transverse section showing an alternate cam with eccentric camming surfaces; and
FIG. 13 is a fragmentary vertical transverse section showing another alternate cam having a spiral camming surface.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS The preferred embodiment of the subject low insertion force edge board connector is shown in FIGS. 1 to 4. The connector includes four primary components, namely, housing 10, cam member 12, contact driving member 14, and a plurality of contacts 16.
The housing 10 has a longitudinally extending, elongated central aperture 18 in which the circuit board 20 is received. On both sides of the aperture 18 there are a plurality of parallel spaced apart spacer members 22 which define therebetween a plurality of contact recesses 24 in which each contact 16 is received. A passage 26 extends from the end of each recess 24 through the base of the housing. A longitudinally extending cam receiving groove 28 extends centrally of the base of the aperture 18. The housing also includes conventional mounting flanges 30 having bores 32 therein for the passage of mounting means, not shown, such as bolts and screws.
The contact driving member 14 has a generally channel shape section with a thickened base portion 34 and two parallel side wall portions 36, 38. The base of the member 14 lies within groove 28 where it can be engaged by the cam. The free edges of the side walls 36, 38 engage the free ends of the contacts 16. The longitudinal ends of the base 34 include bevelled surfaces 40 which are initially engaged by the cam 12.
The cam member 12 is an elongated member adapted to be passed through the cam receiving groove 28 and has an inclined forward cam surface 42 which initially engages a bevelled surface 40 of the contact driving member 14 to drive the member out of the groove 28.
The contacts 16 are of strip form and extend through the passages 26 providing resilient contact portions 44 inside the housing. The free end 46 of each contact engages a side wall of the driving member 14. Each contact is also provided with at least one locking lance 48 and a terminal portion 50 lying outside of the hous- The preferred embodiment of the subject edge board connector is operated by inserting cam member 12 longitudinally into groove 28 through the housing 10, as
shown in FIGS. 1, 2 and 4. With the cam'l2 fully inserted, the side walls 36 and 38 of the contact driving member 14 the engage free ends 46 of the contacts and bias the contacts 16 to a position where they lie substantially fully within recesses 24 to clear aperture 18 and allow the insertion of the circuit board 20 without any wiping of the pads 52 on the circuit board by contacts 16 or force being applied to the board. When the circuit board 20 is fully inserted in aperture 18, the
cam member 12 is withdrawn allowing the driving member 14 to return to the position shown in FIG. 3
under the resilient force of the contacts, as well as possible continued insertion force of the circuit board. A particular advantage is achieved by this arrangement in that the contacts are engaged on their free ends thus requiring only a low cam force to move them to their biased position.
The first alternate embodiment of the subject edge board connector, as shown in FIGS. 5 and 6, is quite similar to the preferred embodiment. The cam 12 and contacts 16 are substantially identical. The difference lies in the housing and the contact driving member. In this embodiment the housing 54 has an elongated central aperture 56 which has a smooth walled rectilinear configuration. The contact driving member 58 is an integral member which includes a base portion 60, a pair of parallel side walls 62 and 64 and a plurality of parallel spaced apart spacers 66, 68 which are arranged in combli ke fashion to define therebetween a plurality of channels in which the contacts 16 are mounted. Actuation of the driving member 58 by the cam 12 causes the entire contact drive member 58 to slide with respect to the housing 54 and the contacts 16. This movement causes a contact displacing operation similar to that described with reference to the preferred embodiment.
The second alternate embodiment is shown in FIGS. 7 and 8. In this embodiment the cam 12 and the contacts 16 are also identical with the preferred embodiment. The housing 70 is formed by two parts including a base portion 72 and upper portion 74. The upper portion of the housing 74 includes an elongated aperture 76 having on each elongated side thereof a plurality of parallel spaced apart spacer members 78, 80 defining therebetween contact recesses 82, 84, respe'cti'vely, similar to housing 10. The contact driving member 86 is similar to member 14 but is integral with the upper portion 74 of housing 70. The base portion 72 includes a cam receiving groove 88. Means, not shown, are provided at each end of the connector housing 70 for restricting the movement of the upper housing portion 74 to a limited reciprocating movement with respect to the housing base portion 72.
The third alternate embodiment of the subject edge board connector is shown in FIGS. 9 and 10. This embodiment is distinguished from the previous embodiments primarily by operation. In the previous embodiments the contacts have all been cammed to positions out of engagement with the circuit board. In the third alternate embodiment the contacts are cammed into engagement with the circuit board. For this reason the contact driving member 90 has a somewhat different configuration from the previous embodiments. The housing 92 is substantially the same as housing 10. However, the cam receiving groove 94 is modified to receive cam member 96, which has an oval section and is freely rotated about its longitudinal axis, ratherthan being moved axially of the housing. The contact driving member 90 is distinguished from the previous contact driving members in that the side walls 98, 100 include inclined cam surfaces 101, 104, respectively, which engage the free ends of the contacts 16 to drive the contacts toward one another. It will be noted that the normal resiliency of the contacts will keep them in a position as shown in FIG. 9 wherein the circuit board receiving aperture is substantially clear of interference of the contacts. Movement of the driving member 90 is accomplished by rotating cam 96 approximately 90 about its own longitudinal axis to drive the contacts into engagement with the circuit board.
FIG. 11 shows another alternate arrangement of a cam and one in which the cam can be allowed to per manently remain in the connector. In this embodiment the cam 106 is provided with a plurality of cam surfaces 108 which with a plurality of similar but oppositely directed cam surfaces 110 formed in the base of driving member 1 12. The operation of this embodiment is substantially identical with the previously described embodiments.
FIG. 12 shows another alternate cam arrangement. In this embodiment the cam 114 has a plurality of eccentric camming portions 116 spaced along an axial portion 118. The operation of the subject edge board connector equipped with this cam is substantially the same as the other embodiments. Rotation of the cam 114 causes movement of the contact drive member 120 with respect to housing 122.
Another alternate cam is shown in FIG. 13. This cam 124 has a spiral camming surface 126 and locking step 128. This cam is rotated approximately 360 to move the contact driving member 130 with respect to housing 132.
It is contemplated that the present invention may be subject to many modifications and changes without departing from the spirit or essential characteristics thereof. The present embodiments are therefore intended in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive of the scope of the invention.
1. A low insertion force edge board connector comprising:
a housing having a longitudinally extending, elongated circuit board receiving aperture, a plurality of contact passageways in parallel spaced apart relationship in rows on each longitudinal side of the bottom of said aperture extending through a base portion of said housing, and a cam receiving groove extending longitudinally and centrally of the bottom of said aperture and opening therein. the sides of said cam receiving groove being inwardly spaced from said passageways;
a single cam means mounted for movement in said groove;
contact driving means mounted in said circuit board receiving aperture lying between said passageways and at least partially within said cam receiving groove and adapted to be driven by said cam means in a direction normal to said cam receiving groove, and
a plurality of contacts each having a resilient board engaging portion, an integral terminal portion and at least one locking lance, each of said contacts being fixedly mounted in two parallel, spaced apart rows with said terminal portions thereof extending through said passageways and with free end portions of said resilient board engaging portions positioned to be engaged by opposite sides of said contact driving means whereby all of said contacts are driven between a first position in engagement with a circuit board positioned in said circuit board receiving recess and a second position disengaged from said circuit board by a single movement of said cam means.
2. A low insertion force edge board connector according to claim 1 wherein said housing further comprises;
a plurality of spaced apart parallel spacer walls extending integrally from each side wall of said aperture defining contact recesses therebetween, said contact driving member biasing said contacts to lie substantially completely within said recesses in said second position.
3. A low insertion force edge board connector according to claim 1 wherein said housing comprises:
a base portion having said cam groove and said passageways therein, and
an upper portion having said elongated aperture therein and said contact driving member integral therewith, said cam means driving said upper housing portion with respect to said lower housing portion whereby said contacts are driven between said first and second positions.
4. A low insertion force edge board connector according to claim 1 wherein said contact driving means further comprises:
an elongated channel shaped member, and
a plurality of parallel spaced apart spacer members extending in comb-like fashion from each side wall of said channel shaped member to define a plurality of contact slots therebetween, said contacts lying fully within said slots in said second position.
5. A low insertion force edge board connector according to claim 1 wherein said cam means comprises:
an elongated member having a cam surface on a free forward end thereof,
said contact driving means having an inclined surface on one end thereof adapted to initially engage said cam surface of said cam means.
6. A low insertion force edge board connector according to claim 1 wherein said cam means comprises:
an elongated member having a plurality of cam surfaces spaced therealong,
said contact driving means having a like plurality of cam surfaces spaced therealong and adapted to mate with said cam surfaces of said cam means.
7. A low insertion force edge board connector according to claim 1 wherein said cam means comprises:
an elongated member having an eliptical section, said cam member being mounted in said housing for r0- tation about its longitudinal axis.
8. A low insertion force edge board connector according to claim 1 wherein said cam means comprises:
an elongated member having a plurality of integral eccentric cam surfaces projecting therefrom, said cam member being mounted in said housing for rotation about its longitudinal axis.
9. A low insertion force edge board connector according to claim 1 wherein said cam means comprises:
an elongated member having a cam surface which, in section, has a spiral configuration terminating in a locking step, said cam member being mounted in said housing for rotation about its longitudinal axis for approximately 360 of rotation.
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|U.S. Classification||439/267, 439/260|
|International Classification||H01R12/16, H01R12/22|