|Publication number||US3899260 A|
|Publication date||Aug 12, 1975|
|Filing date||Apr 6, 1973|
|Priority date||Apr 6, 1973|
|Also published as||CA995945A, CA995945A1|
|Publication number||US 3899260 A, US 3899260A, US-A-3899260, US3899260 A, US3899260A|
|Inventors||Kerschner James J|
|Original Assignee||Acme Highway Prod|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (6), Referenced by (8), Classifications (8)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent 1191 Kerschner Aug. 12, 1975 1 SEALING MEMBER  Inventor:
 Assignee: Acme Highway Products Corporation, Buffalo, NY.
 Filed: Apr. 6, 1973 21 Appl. No.2 348,494
James J. Kerschner, Kenmore, NY.
 U.S. Cl. 404/64; 52/403; 49/498  Int. Cl.'- E01C 11/10  Field of Search 404/69, 68, 66, 64, 48, 404/47, 49; 49/475, 498; 52/403, 573, 396
[56} References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS Z,l56,68l 5/1939 Dewhirst 404/65 3,179,026 4/1965 Crone 404/47 3,388,643 6/1968 Webb 404/65 3,508,474 4/1970 Rowe 404/65 3,732,788 5/1973 Brown... 404/64 3,778,176 12/1973 Pax 404/65 FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 251,841 1/1967 Austria 404/64 Primary ExaminerNile C. Byers, Jr. Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Christel & Bean ABSTRACT A resilient sealing member for use in an expansion joint comprising a tubular structure having an internal supporting construction including a pre-forrned compression bar extending transversely between the sealing member side walls to control the reaction forces generated in the sealing member and facilitate the controlled collapse thereof.
9 Claims, 4 Drawing Figures PATENTED AUG 1 2 I975 SHEET SEALING MEMBER BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to sealing members and, more particularly, to sealing members employed in expansion joints which are disposed in grooves formed between adjacent pavement blocks.
In the construction of highways, bridges, architectural concourses, airport runways and the like in which pavement sections or slabs of concrete or other paving materials are used, provision must be made for the ex pansion and contraction of such sections due to variations in temperature. Conventionally, grooves are provided between adjacent pavement sections to accommodate the expansion and contraction thereof, such grooves being sealed to preclude the entry of liquids and solid materials therein and to prevent such foreign matter from passing through the grooves and beneath the pavement. These grooves often are sealed by means of hollow, resilient, elastic strips or seals which can be compressed and expanded in accordance with the expansion and contraction of the pavement material.
Often, these hollow strips are provided with internal supporting truss structures comprising a network of ribs and cross bars which generate reaction forces to maintain sealing engagement of the seal side walls with the adjoining surfaces of the pavement sections during expansion and contraction thereof. Often, these internal truss constructions present problems where specification requirements limit minimum and maximum reaction force generation by such seals during various ranges of compression. For example, where the internal supporting truss structure is designed to generate adequate reaction forces initially under slight compression to meet the minimum reactive force requirement, such structure often generates an increasing reactive force with increased compression and often reaches a maximum far in excess of the limits allowed, rendering the seal difficult to install in an expansion groove. Also, premature surface contact between the various internal components of the seal contribute to early failure as a result of permanent deformation thereof.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION It is an object of the present invention to provide an improved tubular sealing member having a simple internal supporting truss construction providing requisite sealing pressure while permitting an increased range of compression.
It is another object of this invention to provide the foregoing sealing member with internal compression means generating substantially uniform reaction forces after initial folding in a manner facilitating controlled collapsing of the sealing member.
The sealing member of the present invention is characterized by the provision of an internal supporting structure incorporating a compression member extending transversely between the sealing member side walls to provide controlled reaction forces and to facilitate controlled collapsing thereof.
The foregoing and other objects, advantages and characterizing features of this invention will become clearly apparent from the ensuing detailed description of an illustrative embodiment thereof, taken together with the accompanying drawing wherein like reference numerals denote like parts throughout the various vrews.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF [THE DRAWING FIGURES FIG. 1 is a perspective view of one end of a sealing member constructed in accordance'with this invention and shown in its uncompressed state, being broken away to indicate indeterminate length;
FIG. 2 is an end elevational view of the sealing member of FIG. 1, shown in one compressed condition between adjacent structural sections which are broken away for convenience of illustration; I
FIG. 3 is a view similar to FIG. 2, illustrating the sealing member in a further compressed condition; and
FIG. 4 is a diagrammatic view illustrating the reaction forces generated in the sealing member of this invention on a graph correlating the force applied in pounds per lineal inch of seal to the degree of compression in percentages.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF AN ILLUSTRATIVE EMBODIMENT Referring now in detail to the illustrative embodiment depicted in the drawing, there is shown in FIG. 1 an elongated, resiliently yieldable sealing member, generally designated 10, constructed in accordance with this invention. Sealing member 10 is shown in its natural, uncompressed condition in FIG. 1. FIG. 2 illustrates sealing member 10 in a partially compressed condition to about of its normal width and disposed between a pair of spaced structural members 12 and 14 having opposed vertical surfaces 16 and 18 defining a groove therebetween. Structural members 12 and 14 can be pavement slabs or metal members partially embedded in concrete or other construction material to accommodate a single sealing member 10. Members 12 and 14 also can represent laterally spaced beams extending longitudinally in the expansion groove between adjacent slabs for separating and supporting a series of laterally spaced sealing members 10 in a composite compression sealing system. The insertion of sealing member 10 into the groove defined by members 12 and 14 is facilitated by the application to surfaces 16 and 18 of a thin layer of a suitable lubricant-adhesive 20 which, when set, cements sealing member 10 in place.
Sealing member 10 preferably is composed of an elastomeric material, such as neoprene for example, or any other suitable resiliently yieldable material having similar properties of durability and high abrasion resistance, adequate compression and expansion capabilities, and capable of withstanding temperature extremes. sunlight, weathering, oxidation and deleterious chemicals. Sealing member 10 is extruded as a unitary, one-piece construction and can take various outside dimensions to conform to the width of the groove in which it is to be used and can be of any length. While the sealing member of this invention is especially adapted for use in expansion joints formed in airfield runways in compliance with specific specification requirements. it should be understood that sealing member 10 has general utility in various expansion joint applications including, without limitation, bridges, highways, sidewalks, architectural concourses, and the like.
Sealing member 10 comprises side walls 22 and 24 which are substantially parallel and straight from end to end and from top to bottom. The upper edges of side walls 22 and 24 are connected to a top wall 26 having downwardly sloping portions 28 and 30 which converge to form a V-shaped recess and which facilitates downward movement of top wall 26 when the side walls 22 and 24 of sealing member are pressed toward each other, thereby avoiding the extension of any portion of sealing member 10 above the top surface of the adjacent members 12 and 14. As used herein, the terms upper, lower, top, bottom, vertical, horizontal and the like are applied only for convenience of description with reference to the drawing and should not be taken as limiting the scope of this invention.
The lower edges of side walls 22 and 24 are connected to a bottom wall 32 having downwardly sloping portions 34 and 36 which converge to form a V-shaped bottom wall. Top and bottom walls 26, 32 are formed integral with side walls 22 and 24 to form corners therewith and define a tubular structure. The junctures or intersections of side walls 22 and 24 with bottom wall 32 preferably are somewhat rounded as shown at 38 in FIG. 1.
Sealing member 10 is provided with an internal supporting truss structure comprising a pair of intersecting cross bars 40 and 42 which extend diagonally from side walls 22 and 24 downwardly to the opposite side walls 24 and 22. The upper ends of cross bars 40 and 42 intersect side walls 22 and 24 at regions spaced below top wall 26 and the lower ends of cross bars 40 and 42 intersect side walls 24 and 22 at regions spaced above bottom wall 32. These cross bars 40 and 42 intersect approximately midway between their respective opposite ends defining a pair of relatively large triangularly shaped spaces 44 and 46 on opposite sides of a central vertical plane cut through the axis of sealing member 10 into which various portions of sealing member 10 can collapse when compressed. The upper portions of cross bars 40 and 42 are spaced substantially below top wall 26 and define with side walls 22, 24 and top wall 26 a space 48 in the upper half of sealing member 10 into which the sloping portions 28 and 30 of top wall 26 can fold when side walls 22 and 24 are pressed toward each other. Also, the lower portions of cross bars 40 and 42 define a triangularly shaped space 50 in the lower half of sealing member 10 into which other portions of sealing member 10 can collapse when laterally compressed.
A significant feature of this invention resides in the provision of internal compression means offering resistance to prevent inward buckling of side walls 22 and 24 upon compression and quickly generating at least a minimum reaction force to maintain pressure sealing between sealing member side walls 22, 24 and the adjoining support surfaces 16, 18 under initial compression. Upon further compression, this compression means yields to limit the extent of resistance or reaction forces generated thereby within desired limits enabling sealing member 10 to readily collapse under compression. Such means are herein provided in the form of a compression bar 52 extending transversely from side wall 22 just below the lower end of cross bar 42 to the lower portion of side wall 24 just below the lower end of cross bar 40 in spaced relation to and above bottom wall 32, defining a space 54 therebetween. Compression bar 52 comprises a pair of angularly related portions 56 and 58 extending inwardly and downwardly from side walls 22 and 24 at a slight angle to a horizontal plane cut through sealing member 10 and joined together at an angular juncture 60. The angle formed by portions 56 and 58 at juncture 60 is only slightly less than 180, such as 177 for example. Compression bar 52 is important in providing support for side walls 22 and 24 to prevent inward buckling thereof and in providing a force acting laterally outwardly against side walls 22 and 24 to preclude displacement thereof away from the adjoining support surfaces 16 and 18 during expansion of sealing member 10 upon contraction of adjacent structural members 12 and 14. At the same time, the angular juncture 60 between compression bar portions 56 and 58 defines a knee or bend which facilitates the folding of compression bar 52 into the space 54 in the lower end of sealing member 10 during the compression thereof. Because of this knee juncture 60, compression bar 52 offers substantially less resistance to the inward movement of side walls 22 and 24 during compression of sealing member 10 than it would if such bar were straightl As a result, side walls 22 and 24 and the overall sealing member body are not unduly stressed, thereby limiting the maximum reactive force exerted by sealing member 10 in normal usage.
Spaces 44, 46, 48, and 54 define relatively large open areas available for the reception of the folded top wall 26, intersecting cross bars 40 and 42 and portions 56 and 58 of compression bar 52 when sealing member 10 is in a compressed state as shown in FIG. 3 to permit substantial inward movement of side walls 22 and 24 and compression of sealing member 10 beyond 50% of its normal width. FIG. 3 illustrates sealing member 10 compressed to approximately 50% of its normal width, such compression generally representing the maximum under substantially all specification requirements and the maximum to which most seals are subjected. However, it can be seen that, unlike many seals having a complex internal network of bars and ribs, there is no surface contact between the various folded portions of sealing member 10 in this 50% compressed condition so that the latter could be still further compressed before any such contact takes place, thereby insuring avoidance of the possibility of the seal being permanently deformed by premature surface contact.
Pre-forming a break or knee in compression bar 52 at juncture is not only important in facilitating collapse of sealing member 10 to reduce the reactive force thereof, but also is important in controlling the folding of bar 52 into space 54 which also becomes distorted in a controlled downward direction upon folding of bottom wall 32 thereby avoiding any undesirable surface contact prior to maximum compression.
A sealing member as described above satisfactorily met a pressure generation specification requiring a seal having a width of inches in the normal, uncompressed state to produce a minimum reaction force of 4 pounds per lineal inch when compressed to a width of its normal width and to produce a maximum reactionforce not to exceed 12 pounds per lineal inch when compressed to a width 50% of its normal width. This latter requirement is not met by many conventional seals which generate a maximum reaction force considerably in excess of that.
FIG. 4 illustrates the pressure generation characteristics of the sealing member 10 of this invention on a graph which correlates the force applied in pounds per lineal inch of seal to the degree of compression in percentages. The reactive forces or pressure generation of sealing member 10 is represented by curve A. It will be observed that a reactive force of 4 pounds per lineal inch is rapidly obtained upon initial compression of sealing member prior to being compressed to 80% of its normal width and that such reactive force substantially levels off with only a minimal increase of from about 5 to 10 pounds through compression from about 85 to 50% of the normal width of sealing member 10. Thus, it is clearly seen that the specification requirements, hereinbefore mentioned, can be easily met. As a result, sufficient reaction forces are quickly attained to provide adequate pressure sealing along side walls 22 and 24 during initial compression due to the resistance offered by compression bar 52 and cross bars 40 and 42 and such reaction forces are maintained at a relatively low level without a significant increase therein upon further compression of sealing member 10 due to the controlled and uniform folding of compression bar 52 and cross bars 40 and 42. This controlled folding of compression bar 52 and cross bars 40 and 42 enables sealing member side walls 22 and 24 to move inwardly against a relatively small and substantially uniform resistance permitting sealing member 10 to be readily compressed through a relatively large range well beyond the usual 50% limit before the reaction forces sharply increase as a result of surface contact between the various folded components of sealing member 10. In contrast. typical seals, incorporating internal supporting structures, generate a reaction force which increases steadily with increased compression and internal surface contact occurs before 50% compression of the seal.
From the foregoing, it is apparent that the objects of the present invention have been fully accomplished. The provision of a pre-formed compression member extending between the sealing member side walls controls the extent of reaction forces generated in the sealing member and facilitates the controlled collapse thereof through an increased compression range while providing adequate pressure sealing against adjoining support surfaces.
A preferred embodiment of this invention having been described and illustrated in detail, it is to be understood that this has been done by way of illustration only.
1; A sealing member comprising: a resiliently yieldable tubular body having a top wall, a bottom wall and opposite side walls, an internal supporting truss structure within said body and formed integral therewith, said internal truss structure including a pair of cross bars extending downwardly at an angle from said side walls at points spaced below the upper ends thereof to the opposite side walls at points spaced above the lower ends thereof. said cross bars intersecting intermediate their opposite ends, a generally horizontally extending compression bar extending transversely from one of said side walls to the other of said side walls below the intersection of the lower ends of said cross bars with said side walls in spaced relation to said bottom wall for preventing buckling of said side walls upon compression and facilitating the controlled collapse of said body.
2. A sealing member according to claim 1 wherein said top wall has downwardly sloping portions forming a V-shaped recess and adapted to fold into the upper space defined by said intersecting cross bars when said side walls are pressed toward each other.
3. A sealing member according to claim 1 wherein said compression bar includes a pair of angularly related portions extending inwardly and slightly downwardly from said side walls and joined together at a common juncture at an angle slightly less than 4. A sealing member according to claim 1 wherein said compression bar defines with said bottom wall an open space into which said compression bar folds upon compression of said body.
5. A sealing member according to claim 1 wherein said cross bars and said compression bar define with said walls of said body relatively large open spaces into which portions of said sealing member can collapse during compression thereof.
6. A sealing member according to claim 1 wherein said compression bar includes a pair of angularly related portions extending inwardly and slightly downwardly from said side walls and joined together at a common juncture at an angle slightly less than 180, said top wall having downwardly sloping portions forming a V-shaped recess and adapted to fold into the upper space defined by said intersecting cross bars when said side walls are pressed toward each other.
7. A sealing member according to claim 6 wherein said compression bar defines with said bottom wall an open space into which said compression bar folds upon compression of said body.
8. A sealing member according to claim 7 wherein said cross bars and said compression bar define with said walls of said body relatively large open spaces into which portions of said sealing member can collapse during compression thereof.
9. A sealing member as set forth in claim 1, wherein said top wall is spaced from said internal truss structure.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2156681 *||Jun 18, 1936||May 2, 1939||Goodrich Co B F||Sealing strip|
|US3179026 *||Jun 5, 1964||Apr 20, 1965||Crone Alfred F||Sealing element for pavement grooves|
|US3388643 *||Jun 13, 1966||Jun 18, 1968||Brewer Titchener Corp||Sealing strip|
|US3508474 *||Sep 12, 1968||Apr 28, 1970||Hamilton Kent Mfg Co||Expansion joint seal,etc.|
|US3732788 *||Apr 26, 1971||May 15, 1973||Brown Co D||Pavement joint seals|
|US3778176 *||Jul 22, 1971||Dec 11, 1973||Brown Co D S||Hexagonal hollow elastomer sealing strips|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4660323 *||Mar 7, 1986||Apr 28, 1987||Kanies David E||Hollow door sealing wedge|
|US5042211 *||Oct 6, 1989||Aug 27, 1991||Nestler Randolph M||Expansion joint|
|US5101598 *||Nov 14, 1990||Apr 7, 1992||Kinugawa Rubber Industrial Co., Ltd.||Structure of weatherstrip applicable to vehicles of sash-less door type|
|US5220125 *||Jan 18, 1985||Jun 15, 1993||Westinghouse Electric Corp.||Unitized shock isolation and missile support system|
|US5531455 *||Sep 16, 1993||Jul 2, 1996||Calixto; Jorge Gabrielli Z.||Expansion joint sealing element|
|US6158171 *||May 28, 1998||Dec 12, 2000||Overhead Door Corporation||Swing door seal and retainer assembly having a seal with interior webs|
|US8950154 *||Jun 12, 2012||Feb 10, 2015||Scott William Casey||SR thermal break device and method of use|
|US20140338267 *||Aug 4, 2014||Nov 20, 2014||Ultrafab, Inc.||Multiple Hollow Bulb Seal|
|U.S. Classification||404/64, 277/645, 52/396.6, 49/498.1|
|International Classification||E01C11/10, E01C11/02|