Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3900035 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 19, 1975
Filing dateJul 3, 1974
Priority dateJul 3, 1974
Publication numberUS 3900035 A, US 3900035A, US-A-3900035, US3900035 A, US3900035A
InventorsLipsky Milton H, Welch Dennis W
Original AssigneeLipsky Milton H, Welch Dennis W
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Therapeutic elastic bandage
US 3900035 A
Abstract
An elastic bandage having spaced transverse pockets into which bags of latex or similar material are insertable. The bags are elastic and flexible. They are filled, air free, with an anti-freeze solution such as propylene glycol in distilled water. The preferred ratio is a 10 percent solution. This provides an unfrozen slush when the bandage is refrigerated to -10 DEG C.. The spaced pockets provide a regular articulation which gives the bandage flexibility when it is wrapped around a limb. The pockets are adjacent one end of the bandage and the remainder of the bandage can then be wrapped around the pockets to provide insulation and pressure on the affected site. The bandage is thus suitable for humans and animals such as horses. The pockets and bags can also be incorporated into elastic elbow, knee, ankle or other specialized bandages. If it is desired to apply heat instead of cold, the same construction can be used except that the bags can now be filled with a heat retaining agent such as sand.
Images(1)
Previous page
Next page
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

[ Aug. 19, 1975 [57] ABSTRACT An elastic bandage having spaced transverse pockets into which bags of latex or similar material are insertable. The bags are elastic and flexible. They are filled, air free, with an anti-freeze solution such as propylene glycol in distilled water. The preferred ratio is a 10 percent solution. This provides an unfrozen slush when the bandage is refrigerated to lOC.. The

128/402; 128/403 spaced pockets provide a regular articulation which gives the bandage flexibility when it is wrapped around a limb. The pockets are adjacent one end of tion and pressure on the affected site. The bandage is thus suitable for humans and animals such as horses.

The pockets and bags can also be incorporated into 128/402 elastic elbow knee, ankle or other specialized ban- 128/402 dages. If it 18 desired to apply heat instead of cold, the

23 4 same construction can be used except that the bags 128/403 can now be filled with a heat retaining agent such as sand.

6 Claims, 4 Drawing Figures Inventors: Dennis W. Welch, 3595 Post Rd,

Apt. 17301, Warwick, RI. 02888; Milton H. Lipsky, 26 Francis Dr., Randolph, Mass. 02368 Filed: July 3, 1974 Appl. No.: 485,356

Int. A61F 7/00; A61F 7/04 Field of Search 128/382, 402, 403, 399,

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS United States Patent Welch et a1.

[ THERAPEUTIC ELASTIC BANDAGE ymm s. .I e ama mk mo a d ABWP McDonald Przmar E\ammer-Lawrence W Trapp Attorney, Agent, or FirmMax Schwartz PATENTEB AUG 1 91975 F/G. Z

1 THERAPEUTIC ELASTIC BANDAGE BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION The therapeutic effect of ice packs or hot water bottles on certain types of strains and injuries is well known to physicians and athletic trainers of humans and animals. Also, elastic bandages are'used to apply a therapeutic pressure and support to strained ligaments, muscles, etc., and as an aid in reducing or pre venting edema. These two aids have heretofore been used separately. Ice packs or heat is applied as an emergency measure in many instances, the affected limb is then bandaged with an elastic bandage, such as an Ace bandage, to allow for mobility and support. The patient then can move about with the bandage in place only after the treatment with the cold or heat is finished.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION.

The present invention combines the cold or heat treatment with the elastic bandage so that the therapeutic effect of each can be applied simultaneously while permitting the patient to move about freely. The basic invention involves an elastic bandage, such as an Ace" bandage, provided adjacent one end with spaced, transverse pockets. Elongated bags of latex or similar material are positioned in the pockets. Each bag is filled with a solution of propylene glycol, or other suitable anti-freeze, to inhibit freezing at low temperatures. It is contemplated that the bandage will be refrigerated before use to -lC., turning the solution to a slush. When the bandage is applied to a limb, the spaced pockets remain flexible and can be firmly wrapped, the rest of the bandage holding the pockets firmly and supplying insulation and support. Elastic bandages with similar pockets and bags can be provided for elbow, knee, ankle or other specialized bandages. lf heat is required rather than cold, the bags can be filled with sand or other heat retaining agent, and the bandage can be heated prior to its application.

DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS In the drawings:

FIG, 1 is a plan view, partly broken away, of an elastic bandage embodying our present invention;

FIG. 2 is a section taken on line 22 on FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is a perspective view of an elastic bandage for an ankle embodying our present invention; and

FIG. 4 is a perspective view of an elastic elbow or knee bandage embodying the present invention.

DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION Referring more in deatil to the drawings, FIG. 1 illustrates an elastic bandage 10, similar to the well-known Ace bandage. The bandage I0 is provided adjacent one end with a plurality of spaced, transverse pockets 12. In the illustrated form, the pockets 12 are formed by folding back a portion of the bandage l0 and stitching along the lines 14 to form the spaced pockets. We now provide an elongated bag 16 which should be flexible and elastic. While plastic materials can be used, we prefer latex to provide the necessary flexibility and elasticity. In FIG. I eight bags are illustrated. However, the pockets 12 may be left open at one end and the bags 16 can be inserted before use in the required numher to cover a small or large area.

Each bag 16 is filled, air free, with a solution of propylene glycol in distilled water 18, in a solution of approximately 10 percent. If desired, any other suitable anti-freeze can be substituted. Clear water will freeze solid and flexibility must then be provided by the articulation of the spaced pockets. It is therefore preferred that the bags 16 be not frozen solid. With the antifreeze, the bandage is placed in a freezer and cooled to approximately lOC. At this temperature the solution should turn to slush and still be fairly flexible. The pocketed end of the bandage 10 is wrapped about the limb and then the rest of the bandage is wrapped to provide support and insulation. The safe cooling temperature is 6.5C. or 43F. The bandage of the present invention cools from 7C. to 23C. which it reaches in approximately one hour. The upper limit of heat treatment is 44C. or 1 1 12F.

FIG. 3 is the application of the invention to an ankle bandage. The bandage 20 is of a conventional shape to receive a persons foot and is provided with a circular pocket 22 on each side surrounding the ankle malleolus. This provides therapy for a sprained ankle. If desired, additional pockets can be provided at 24 extending vertically in spaced relation around the top edge of the bandage. Also, additional pockets 26 can be added across the instep. Additional elastic bandage may be used to wrap the bandage 20, or the bandage 20 may be integrally provided with a length of wrapping bandage.

The form shown in FIG. 4 provides the same therapy for a joint such as a knee or elbow. Here the bandage 28 is provided with the articulated pockets 30 in short lengths for flexibility. Again, as in the form shown in FIG. 3, additional lengths of bandage may be added for support and insulation. The pocketed construction can thus be applied to other specialized bandages for any other part of the body.

All of the above forms may be used for applying heat treatments by filling the bags with a heat retaining element and warming the bandage in advance of use. Sand makes a good heat retaining element. The bags can be used with chemicals for producing cold by an endothermic reaction. Various chemicals such as ammonium nitrate in water will produce an initial cooling effect. Similarly, warmth can be provided with an exothermic reaction. This can include chemicals such as calcium chloride in water. The reactions producing these cold and hot temperatures are short lived. However, the bandage wrapping acts as insulation to prolong the effeet.

The bandage of the present invention thus provides many advantages over an ice pack treatment followed by a wrap with an elastic bandage. It stays cold for a comparatively long period and stays in position even during physical movement. It is comfortable and easy to apply and remove. It stays dry, there being no condensation. It assumes the configuration of the desired anatomical area and expands and contracts to provide localized application. The elasticity of the bandage and the pockets provides pressure to prevent edema in many cases and simultaneously supports the area. And it can be used over again. Furthermore, it is applicable to humans and animals such as horses.

Other advantages of the present invention will be readily apparent to a person skilled in the art.

We claim:

l. A therapeutic elastic bandage for cold or heat treatments comprising an elastic bandage formed of textile covered elastic threads and having a plurality of spaced pockets, an elastic flexible latex bag positioned in each of said pockets, and a filling in said bags for providing cold or heat.

2. An elastic bandage as in claim 1, wherein said bandage is shaped to fit over an ankle and is provided with circular pockets to fit over the ankle malleolus.

3. An elastic bandage as in claim 1, wherein said bandage is shaped to fit over a knee or elbow joint.

4. An elastic bandage as in claim 1, wherein said bags 4 are filled with a cold retaining material. said material comprising a solution of propylene glycol in distilled water.

5. An elastic bandage as in claim 4, wherein said propylene glycol is in a 10 percent solution whereby said solution will turn to slush when refrigerated to lOC.

6. An elastic bandage as in claim 1, wherein said bags are filled with a heat retaining material, said material comprising sand.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3429315 *Nov 4, 1966Feb 25, 1969Chemi Temp CorpChemical refrigerant blanket
US3463161 *Apr 13, 1965Aug 26, 1969Stella AndrassyTemperature maintaining device
US3491761 *Oct 10, 1966Jan 27, 1970Marjorie M BakerAdjustable ice bag harness
US3587578 *Aug 28, 1968Jun 28, 1971Chattanooga Pharmacal CoPack for applying therapeutic moist heat
US3822705 *Feb 6, 1973Jul 9, 1974Pilotte RRefrigerant wrap for an animal{40 s limb
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4022215 *Dec 10, 1973May 10, 1977Benson Jerrel WCryosurgical system
US4055188 *Feb 9, 1976Oct 25, 1977DivajexTherapeutic wrap
US4082096 *Feb 9, 1977Apr 4, 1978Benson Jerrel WCryosurgical system
US4092982 *Apr 16, 1976Jun 6, 1978Salem Nazih M NTherapeutic wrap
US4190054 *Dec 14, 1977Feb 26, 1980Brennan H GeorgeTherapeutic bandage with removable hot or cold packs
US4204543 *Jan 6, 1978May 27, 1980Henderson Mary MCoolant band
US4243041 *Apr 5, 1979Jan 6, 1981Paul Malcolm DCold-pack goggles
US4326533 *Oct 29, 1979Apr 27, 1982Henderson Mary MCoolant band
US4509750 *Mar 25, 1981Apr 9, 1985Last Anthony JSurface vibration absorbing strap
US4523594 *Feb 12, 1982Jun 18, 1985Lawrence KuznetzStretchable textile heat-exchange jacket
US4527566 *Mar 14, 1983Jul 9, 1985Abare Enterprises, Inc.Body wrap
US4592358 *Aug 17, 1984Jun 3, 1986Westplate Wayne JTherapeutic device
US4669476 *Jun 22, 1981Jun 2, 1987Becton, Dickinson And CompanyCold application and compressive bandage
US4783866 *Jan 12, 1987Nov 15, 1988Simmons Ethel DTherapy pillow with removable therapeutic gel pack
US4858259 *Jun 24, 1988Aug 22, 1989Simmons Ethel DTherapy pillow with removable therapeutic gel pack
US4905998 *Dec 28, 1988Mar 6, 1990Rainbow Star LicensingTennis elbow prevention and treatment device and method
US4964402 *Aug 17, 1988Oct 23, 1990Royce Medical CompanyOrthopedic device having gel pad with phase change material
US5111810 *Dec 11, 1990May 12, 1992Donald FortneyTherapeutic thermal wrap kit
US5179944 *Sep 16, 1991Jan 19, 1993Mcsymytz Laurie LHot/dry, hot/moist or cold therapy pad
US5300104 *Jan 26, 1993Apr 5, 1994Yvon GaudreaultThermotherapeutic pad
US5395400 *Jul 26, 1993Mar 7, 1995Christl D. TreptowHeated headgear
US5447531 *Mar 15, 1993Sep 5, 1995Hot Springs Thermalsoft, Inc.Therapeutic heat pack
US5476442 *Sep 15, 1994Dec 19, 1995Madej; Michael W.Articulated knee protection apparatus
US5476492 *Feb 23, 1994Dec 19, 1995Unrug; SophiaBody warmer for therapeutic purposes containing whole herb seed
US5527269 *Dec 19, 1994Jun 18, 1996Medi Bayreuth Gmbh & Co.Ankle joint orthesis
US5531777 *Jan 30, 1995Jul 2, 1996Goldstein; Karen L.Heat and cold packs containing garnet crystals
US5603727 *Dec 5, 1995Feb 18, 1997Clark; Donald W.Thermal pack with interrelated compartments
US5674270 *Jun 27, 1996Oct 7, 1997The Procter & Gamble CompanyThermal pad having a common attachment and oxygen permeable side
US5697962 *Sep 29, 1995Dec 16, 1997Dura-Kold CorporationTherapeutic wrap
US5728058 *Jun 29, 1995Mar 17, 1998The Procter & Gamble CompanyElastic knee wrap
US5728146 *Nov 8, 1996Mar 17, 1998The Procter & Gamble CompanyThermal neck wrap having wing shape and means for position maintenance
US5733321 *Apr 17, 1996Mar 31, 1998Dura-Kold CorporationConvertible therapeutic wrap
US5741220 *Apr 17, 1996Apr 21, 1998Dura-Kold CorporationJoint brace assembly and method
US5741318 *Jul 26, 1996Apr 21, 1998The Procter & Gamble CompanyElastic back wrap having diamond-shaped thermal pattern and anti-slip means
US5743867 *Oct 28, 1996Apr 28, 1998Hickling; ShawnTherapeutic wrapping for a joint of a patient
US5837005 *Mar 18, 1997Nov 17, 1998The Procter & Gamble CompanyThermal pad having a common attachment and oxygen permeable side
US5843145 *Jan 23, 1996Dec 1, 1998Dura-Kold CorporationReusable hot/cold temperature pack
US5860945 *Dec 31, 1996Jan 19, 1999The Procter & Gamble CompanyDisposable elastic thermal knee wrap
US5871526 *Oct 13, 1993Feb 16, 1999Gibbs; RosellePortable temperature control system
US5925072 *Dec 31, 1996Jul 20, 1999The Procter & Gamble CompanyDisposable elastic thermal back wrap
US5980562 *Sep 21, 1997Nov 9, 1999The Procter & Gamble CompanyElastic back wrap having diamond-shaped thermal pattern and anti-slip means
US6019782 *Dec 3, 1997Feb 1, 2000The Procter & Gamble CompanyDisposable thermal body pad
US6020040 *Dec 31, 1996Feb 1, 2000The Procter & Gamble CompanyThermal pack having a plurality of individual heat cells
US6048326 *Dec 3, 1997Apr 11, 2000The Procter & Gamble CompanyDisposable elastic thermal knee wrap
US6074413 *May 20, 1998Jun 13, 2000The Procter & Gamble CompanyDisposable elastic thermal back wrap
US6083254 *Mar 21, 1997Jul 4, 2000Evans; Randy AllanReusable hot/cold therapeutic compress appliance
US6096067 *Dec 31, 1996Aug 1, 2000The Procter & Gamble CompanyDisposable thermal body pad
US6102937 *Dec 31, 1996Aug 15, 2000The Procter & Gamble CompanyDisposable thermal neck wrap
US6123717 *May 20, 1998Sep 26, 2000The Procter & Gamble CompanyDisposable thermal neck wrap
US6146732 *Dec 3, 1997Nov 14, 2000The Procter & Gamble CompanyThermal pack having a plurality of individual heat cells
US6336935Sep 15, 1999Jan 8, 2002The Procter & Gamble CompanyDisposable thermal body wrap
US6419691 *Mar 23, 2000Jul 16, 2002Milene H. HannerThermal energy therapy
US6436020Aug 9, 1999Aug 20, 2002The Procter & Gamble CompanyArticles of manufacture and methods for treating pain
US6582383Aug 10, 1999Jun 24, 2003Larry R. HorningBandage for application of therapeutic cold or heat treatments to injuries
US6589272 *Jan 20, 2000Jul 8, 2003Shahid SheikhThermal pack retaining apparatus
US6699271Apr 5, 2002Mar 2, 2004Neva A. ClaytonTherapeutic wraps
US6886553Apr 1, 2003May 3, 2005Heatmax, Inc.Self-contained personal warming apparatus and method of warming
US7017590 *Jun 10, 2003Mar 28, 2006Vivienne Joyce MackinderMicrowavable hair curling device
US7083839Dec 20, 2001Aug 1, 2006Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.Laminate structures containing activatable materials
US7243509Sep 19, 2005Jul 17, 2007David Lam TrinhThermal therapeutic method
US7287533May 4, 2005Oct 30, 2007Mackinder Vivienne JHair curling device
US7614399Nov 8, 2005Nov 10, 2009Rusl, LlcBody conforming textile holder and filter article
US7806124Sep 7, 2005Oct 5, 2010Mackinder Vivienne JHeatable hair curler
US7846145Nov 8, 2005Dec 7, 2010Rusl, LlcBody conforming textile holder and absorbent article
US7875066Dec 11, 2006Jan 25, 2011Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.Thermal grill for heating articles
US7924142Jun 30, 2008Apr 12, 2011Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.Patterned self-warming wipe substrates
US7998183 *Jul 14, 2005Aug 16, 2011Mycoal Co., Ltd.Heat generating body
US8099794Dec 19, 2005Jan 24, 2012Rusl, LlcBody conforming textile holder for electronic device
US8319004Aug 17, 2006Nov 27, 2012Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.Training article for delivering unique sensations
US8522366 *Nov 24, 2010Sep 3, 2013Lenora AustinSock structure and method of use
US20050245852 *Apr 30, 2004Nov 3, 2005Ellefson Kimberly LSystem and method for providing therapy to an area of a body
US20080275534 *Jun 26, 2008Nov 6, 2008Noel Thomas PMethod and thermally active multi-phase heat transfer apparatus and method for abstracting heat using liquid bi-phase heat exchanging composition
US20120124717 *Nov 24, 2010May 24, 2012Lenora AustinSock Structure and Method of Use
CN101351167BApr 27, 2007Apr 2, 2014斯尔替克美学股份有限公司促进皮下富含脂肪细胞冷却的治疗装置中所用的防冻剂
DE3204196A1 *Feb 6, 1982Aug 18, 1983Berger Fa Dr RaimundTherapeutic heat pack
EP0068612A2 *May 12, 1982Jan 5, 1983Becton, Dickinson and CompanyCold application and compressive bandage
EP0197771A2 *Apr 3, 1986Oct 15, 1986Lastrap IncTherapeutic pad
EP1789134A2 *Sep 1, 2005May 30, 2007CT Investments Ltd.Radiant therapeutic heating apparatus
WO1997001311A1 *Jun 4, 1996Jan 16, 1997Procter & GambleElastic knee wrap
WO2003057099A1 *Jul 17, 2002Jul 17, 2003Kimberly Clark CoElastic thermal wrap
WO2007128485A1 *May 3, 2007Nov 15, 2007Giulio MoraCooling or warming cuff
Classifications
U.S. Classification607/108
International ClassificationA61F7/10, A61F7/00, A61F7/02
Cooperative ClassificationA61F7/10, A61F2007/0249, A61F2007/0001, A61F2007/023
European ClassificationA61F7/10