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Publication numberUS3900159 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 19, 1975
Filing dateNov 8, 1968
Priority dateNov 8, 1968
Publication numberUS 3900159 A, US 3900159A, US-A-3900159, US3900159 A, US3900159A
InventorsGendron Wilfred H
Original AssigneeUs Envelope Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Continuous form envelopes
US 3900159 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent Gendron Aug. 19, 197 5 CONTINUOUS FORM ENVELOPES [75] Inventor: Wilfred H. Gendron, Wilbraham, [57] ABSTRACT Mass.

Contmuous form or senes-connected envelopes are [73] Assignee: United States Envelope Company, made by folding an elongated web of sheet material Springfield, Mass. onto itself along at least one longitudinally extending [22] Filed: Nov. 8 1968 fold line to form a lower ply and at least one upper ply partially overlying the lower ply. The plies are con- [21] Appl. No.: 774,261 nected in face-to-face relation by a longitudinally spaced series of transversely extending lines of adhe- [52] U.S. Cl. 229/69 Sive to form a Succession of envelopes having longitu dinally extending mouth openings. Lines of weakening 2; are provided along which the envelopes may be sepa- 1 0 care rated from each other and from a longitudinally ex- 5 References Cited tending marginal connecting strip on the lower ply and opposite the mouth openings, A series of holes or UNITED STATES PATENTS other configurations may be formed in the latter con- 673,4l7 5/1901 Brown 229/53 necting strip for operative engagement with a feeding 2,332,637 10/1943 Heywood 229/69 device and/Or a f d i may be applied to the g g s i connecting strip for attaching each of the envelopes to 3:476:307 11/1969 Falten it al 229/69 assoclated amcle' Primary ExaminerDonald F. Norton 5 Claims, 9 Drawing Figures PATENTEUAUG 1 923 75 3. 9G8, 159

/0A me 05 I N VEN TOR.

PATENTED AUG] 91975 SHEET 2 [IF 2 CONTINUOUS FORM ENVELOPES BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention relates in general to continuous form stationery and deals more particularly with improved continuous form or series-connected envelopes. Envelopes of this general type are usually adapted to be successively automatically or semi-automatically fed through a typewriter, printing machine or thelike and readily separated from each other after addresses or other messages have been imprinted thereon. Envelopes made in accordance with the present invention are particularly adapted to be attached in groups or separately to newspapers, catalogues or the like for ready separation therefrom at some later time.

The general aim of this invention is to provide improved continuous form envelopes which may be made on high-speed envelope making machinery.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION In accordance with the invention, continuous form or series-connected envelopes are formed by folding an elongated web of sheet material longitudinally onto itself to form at least two plies and connecting the plies in face-to-face relationship along a longitudinally spaced series of transversely extending lines of attachment. Lines of weakening are formed to separate the envelopes from each other and from a longitudinally extending marginal connecting strip on at least one of the plies and opposite the mouths of the envelopes. In accordance with one method, holes or other configura tions are formed in the connecting strip for operative engagement with a feeding device such as a pin-wheel feed mechanism. In accordance with a further method, adhesive is applied to the connecting strip so that individual envelopes or groups thereof may be attached to associated articles for later separation therefrom.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING FIG. 1 is a plan view of a web of sheet material, showing from left to right successive changes in the material as continuous form or series-connected envelopes are formed therefrom.

FIG. 2 is generally similar to FIG. 1 but shows another method for forming continuous form envelopes from an elongated web.

FIG. 3 is a fragmentary plan view of other of seriesconnected envelopes made in accordance with another method of the invention.

FIG. 4 is a somewhat enlarged sectional view taken along the line 44 of FIG. 3.

FIG. 5 is a fragmentary plan view of still other seriesconnected envelopes made in accordance with still another method of the invention.

FIG. 6 is a somewhat enlarged sectional view along the line 6-6 of FIG. 5.

FIG. 7 is generally similar to FIG. 1 but shows still another method for making continuous form envelopes from an elongated web.

FIG. 8 is a somewhat enlarged sectional view taken along the line 8-8 of FIG. 7.

FIG. 9 is a somewhat enlarged plan view of an enve lope of FIG. 7.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Turning now to the drawings and referring first to taken FIG. 1, continuous form or series-connected envelopes indicated generally at 10, 10 are shown in process of formation from an elongated web of sheet material or paper 12. The envelopes are preferably made on an automatic high-speed envelope making machine (not shown) which advances the web in the direction indicated by the arrow and simultaneously performs a series of operations thereon. Successive changes in the web as envelopes are formed therefrom is shown in FIG. 1 as viewed from left to right.

The web 12 is folded onto itself to form a lower ply 14 and an upper ply 16 connected to one side edge of the lower ply along a longitudinally extending fold line 18. The lower ply 14 is somewhat wider than the upper ply 16 and includes a marginal portion 20 adjacent its free side edge which extends transversely outwardly be yond the free side edge of the upper ply and has a fold or score line 22 formed thereon near the latter side edge. A line of weakening 24 is formed on the marginal portion 20 spaced outwardly of the score line 22 and parallel thereto to separate a marginal connecting strip 25 from the remaining portions of the plies. A strip of adhesive 26 which may, for example, be of a pressuresensitive or remoistenable type is applied to the marginal portion 20 between the line of weakening 24 and the score line 22.

The envelopes 10, 10 are formed by connecting associated portions of the two plies in face-to-face relationship along longitudinally spaced transversely extending lines of attachment defined by longitudinally spaced pairs of transversely extending lines of adhesive 28, 28. A longitudinally spaced series of lines of weakening 30, 30 are formed on the plies and extend transversely thereof to separate the envelopes 10, 10 from each other. Thus, each envelope 1*!) is connected to an adjacent one along one of the latter lines of weakening. Each envelope 10 is defined by associated portions of the upper and lower plies bounded by a portion of the fold line 18 and two lines of adhesive 28, 28 and has a longitudinally extending mouth 32 opening toward the marginal portion 20.

The envelopes 10, 10 may, if desired, be formed with inserts therein, a typical insert being indicated at 34 in FIG. 1. Each insert 34 is preferably positioned on the lower ply 14 before the upper ply 16 is folded into overlying relation therewith. One or more spots of releasetype adhesive material such as indicated at 36, 36 may be employed, if desired, to retain each insert in proper position while the envelopes 10, 10 are formed therearound.

The continuous form envelopes 10, 10 are preferably adapted to accommodate a positive feed device such as a pin-wheel feed mechanism for advancing the envelopes. For this purpose a longitudinally spaced series of configurations in the form of feed holes 38, 38 is punched through the connecting strip 25 for operative engagement with a feed device of the aforedescribed type. After the envelopes l0, 10 have been advanced by the feed mechanism they may be separated from the connecting strip 25 and from. each other along the various lines of weakening. The remaining part of the marginal portion 20 of each envelope serves as a closing flap for the envelope and may be folded along the score line 22 to a closed position with respect to the mouth 32 and sealed in the latter position by the adhesive strip 26.

Additional series-connected envelopes made in accordance with another method of the present invention and indicated generally at 10a, 10a in FIGS. 3 and 4 are particularly adapted for manual or semi-automatic tipping-on operations in which envelopes are attached to newspapers, catalogues or the like by strips of adhesive applied along one edge of each of the envelopes. The envelopes 10a, 10a are substantially indentical in many respects to the envelopes l0, 10 previously described and parts which are substantially identical to parts previously described bear the same reference numerals with a letter a suffix and will not be hereinafter further described. More specifically, these two seriesconnected envelopes differ in the construction and purpose of their respective marginal connecting strips. Referring to the envelopes 10a, 100, it will be noted that each connecting strip 25a does not include a series of feed holes, but instead has a continuous strip of adhesive 40 applied thereto. The latter adhesive, which may, for example, be of a pressure-sensitive or remoistenable type, ultimately serves to adhere each individual envelope to an associated carrier such as a newspaper, catalogue or the like. Application of adhesive to the connecting strip eliminates the need for a separate adhesive application to either the envelopes or the carrier material when the envelopes are adhered thereto. Belted or series-connected envelopes may be conveniently handled in large quantities and may be manually or semi-automatically moved through adhesive moistening units or the like and thereafter applied either separately or in connected condition to recipient material.

Referring now to FIG. 2, a two-up method for making series-connected envelopes indicated generally at 10b, 10b is illustrated, the preferred sequence of operations being evident from consideration of FIG. 2 as viewed from left to right or in the direction of the arrow indicated thereon. In accordance with the latter method two belts of series-connected envelopes 1012, I012 are formed simultaneously by folding an elongated web of sheet material 12b onto itself along opposing longitudinally extending fold lines 18b, 18b to form a lower ply 14b and two upper plies 16b, 1612 connected in face-toface relation with the lower ply. The inner or free longitudinally extending edges of the upper plies 16b, 16b are transversely spaced apart to expose a lower ply central portion 42 therebetween. The two belts of envelopes may be separated by cutting or shearing the central portion along a center line 46 and it should be noted that a marginal portion 20b adjacent each side of the center line 46 has a score line 22b, a line of weakening 2417, a line of adhesive 26b and a marginal connecting strip 2512 which includes a longitudinally spaced series of feed holes 38b, 38b. Thus, each belt is comprised of series-connected envelopes 10b, 10]) which are identical in all respects to the envelopes l0, 10 of the embodiment illustrated in FIG. 1.

In FIGS. and 6 there is shown still another embodiment of the invention comprising two belts of seriesconnected envelopes c, 100 which are made in accordance with the two-up method hereinbefore described. However, the envelopes 10c, 100 are particularly adapted for application to recipient material by tipping-on operations as previously described with reference to the embodiment 10a. The envelopes 10c, 10c are substantially identical to the envelopes 10a, 1011, but are made in accordance with a two-up method as described with reference to FIG. 2. The two belts are separated from each other by cutting the central portion of the lower ply along a line 48.

In accordance with the present invention, belts of series-connected envelopes may also be made with separable or detachable inserts which may, for example, be order blanks or the like. Considering now FIGS. 7 9 and referring first to FIG. 7, an assembly of seriesconnected envelopes indicated generally at 10d, 10d which have a series of panels or inserts 50, 50 associated therewith are shown in process of formation from an elongated web 12d. The web is folded onto itself along one fold line 18d to form a lower ply 14d and an upper ply 16d which are connected in face-to-face relation in the manner generally aforedescribed to form the envelopes 10d, 10d which have longitudinally disposed mouths 51, 51. The web 12d is further folded onto itself along another fold line 52 spaced from the free edge of the upper ply 16d to form another upper ply 54 which overlies an associated portion of the upper ply 16d and a marginal portion of the lower ply adjacent the fold line 52 and indicated at 20d. Preferably, a score line 22d is formed on the marginal portion 20d and parallel spaced apart lines of adhesive 56 and 58 are applied thereto before the web is folded along the line 52. The line of adhesive 56 is ultimately used to seal the envelopes 10d, 10d. It extends along the marginal portion 20d near the free side edge of the upper ply 16d and may, for example, be of pressure-sensitive or remoistenable type. The line of adhesive 58 adheres the upper ply 54 to the lower ply 14d as best shown in FIG. 8 and serves to stabilize the upper ply 54 or maintain it in generally overlying relationship with respect to the upper ply 16d. A line of weakening 60 is formed on the plies 54 and 14d between the lines of adhesive 56 and 58 to separate a marginal connecting strip 62 from the remaining portions of the plies. The connecting strip 62 includes portions of the plies 14a and 54 connected by the fold line 52 and reinforced by the line of adhesive 58 which provides connection therebetween. Transversely extending lines of weakening 64, 64 are also formed on the plies 14d, 16d and 54 to separate each envelope 10d and its associated insert 50 from an adjacent envelope 10d and its associated insert.

The illustrated envelopes 10d, 10d are adapted to accommodate a feed device; therefore, feed holes 38d, 38d are formed in the marginal strip 62. It should be understood, however, that these envelopes may also be adapted for a tipping-on operation and, as previously discussed, when such is the case, a line of adhesive may be applied to either side of the connecting strip 62 in place of the feed holes 38d, 38d.

The envelopes 10d, 10d may be separated from each other and from the connecting strip 62 along the various lines of weakening and it will be evident that when the envelopes are so separated the inserts 50, 50 will also be separated or detached from the envelopes and from each other. After the envelopes have been separated, the remaining part of the marginal portion 20d of each envelope may be folded along the score line 22d to a closed position with respect to the mouth 51, the associated adhesive strip 56 being used to seal the envelope.

I claim:

.1. An assembly of series connected separable envelopes comprising an elongated'web of sheet material folded onto itself and having at least two plies including a lower ply and at least one upper ply connected to one side edge of said lower ply along a longitudinally extending fold line and overlying an associated portion of said lower ply, said lower ply having a longitudinally disposed marginal portion transversely extending beyond the free side edge of said one upper ply, means connecting said one upper ply and said lower ply in face-to-face relation along longitudinally spaced transversely extending lines of attachment to form a succession of envelopes each having a pocket including a mouth open at one side thereof and partially defined by said free side edge, a longitudinally spaced series of lines of weakening extending transversely of said plies, each of said envelopes being connected to an adjacent one of said envelopes along one of said transversely extending lines of weakening, at least one generally longitudinally extending line of weakening disposed on said marginal portion transversely spaced from said free side edge and separating a connecting strip from the remainder of said marginal portion, one longitudinally extending line of adhesive disposed on said marginal portion between said line of weakening and said free side edge, another longitudinally extending line of adhesive disposed on said connecting strip, another upper ply connected to the other side edge of said lower ply along another longitudinally extending fold line, said other upper ply overlying at least a portion of said one upper ply, said one line of weakening and said other side edge defining the transverse extent of said connecting strip, a portion of said other ply overlying said connecting strip and attached in face-to-face relation thereto by said other line of adhesive, said other ply portion forming a part of said connecting strip, and another line of weakening disposed on said other ply and separating the portion of said other ply which forms said connecting strip from the remaining portion of said other ply.

2. An assembly of series-connected separable envelopes comprising an elongated web of sheet material folded onto itself and having a plurality of plies including a lower ply, one upper ply connected to one side edge of said lower ply along a longitudinally extending fold line and overlying an associated portion of said lower ply, said lower ply having a longitudinally disposed marginal portion transversely extending beyond the free side edge of said one upper ply, means connecting said one upper ply and said lower ply in face-toface relation along longitudinally spaced transversely extending lines of attachment to form a succession of envelopes each having a pocket including a mouth open at one side thereof and partially defined by said free side edge, a longitudinally spaced series of lines of weakening extending transversely of said plies, each of said envelopes being connected to an adjacent one of said envelopes along one of said transversely extending lines of weakening, one generally longitudinally extending line of weakening disposed on said marginal portion transversely spaced from said free side edge and separating a connecting strip from the remainder of said marginal portion, one: longitudinally extending line of adhesive disposed on said marginal portion between said line of weakening and said free side edge, another longitudinally extending line of adhesive disposed on said connecting strip, another upper ply connected to the other side edge of said lower ply along another longitudinally extending fold line, said one line of weakening and said other side edge defining the transverse extent of said connecting strip formed by said lower ply, a portion of said other upper ply overlying said connecting strip and attached in face-to-face relation thereto by said other line of adhesive, said other upper ply portion forming a. part of said connecting strip, and another line of weakening disposed on said other upper ply and separating the portion of said other ply which comprises said connecting strip from the remaining portion of said other ply.

3. An assembly of series-connected separable envelopes as set forth in claim 2 wherein said lines of attachment comprise lines of adhesive extending generally between said fold line and said free side edge.

4. An assembly of series-connected separable envelopes as set forth in claim 2 wherein said connecting strip includes a succession of longitudinally spaced configurations for operative engagement with a stripfeed device.

5. An assembly of series-connected envelopes as set forth in claim 2 wherein said other line of adhesive is transversely spaced from said one line of adhesive.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US673417 *Mar 21, 1900May 7, 1901Wallace Nelson BrownBag or envelop.
US2332637 *Feb 5, 1941Oct 26, 1943Us Envelope CoContinuous envelope
US3160273 *Jan 29, 1962Dec 8, 1964Scott Paper CoContainers and method of making same
US3339827 *Jan 17, 1966Sep 5, 1967Varco IncSealed envelope assembly with interior mailing material
US3476307 *May 6, 1968Nov 4, 1969Hans G FaltinFoldable mailing piece
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4055294 *Dec 11, 1975Oct 25, 1977Traise John ECombined mailer and return envelope assembly
US4310117 *Oct 3, 1979Jan 12, 1982Moore Business Forms, Inc.Envelope
US4807805 *Jan 20, 1987Feb 28, 1989Avery International CorporationDual envelope sheet-fed assembly
US4860945 *Dec 7, 1987Aug 29, 1989National Computer Print, Inc.Fan-folded, multiple coupon/envelope form set and method of making same
US4915288 *Apr 27, 1989Apr 10, 1990Avery International CorporationEnvelope with single peel-off backing sheet to facilitate printing and copying
US4948028 *Feb 3, 1989Aug 14, 1990Avery International CorporationVariable size envelope with single closure flap
US5298009 *Aug 3, 1993Mar 29, 1994Long John ALetter sheet forming apparatus and method
US5383836 *Mar 23, 1993Jan 24, 1995Long; John A.Letter sheet forming apparatus
WO1988005410A1 *Jan 20, 1988Jul 28, 1988Avery International CorporationDual envelope sheet-fed assembly
WO1993010980A1 *Nov 26, 1992Jun 10, 1993Long, John, AlbertContinuous form and apparatus for forming letter sheets therefrom
Classifications
U.S. Classification229/69
International ClassificationB42D5/00, B42D5/02
Cooperative ClassificationB42D5/025
European ClassificationB42D5/02C2