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Publication numberUS3900899 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 26, 1975
Filing dateAug 30, 1974
Priority dateAug 30, 1974
Publication numberUS 3900899 A, US 3900899A, US-A-3900899, US3900899 A, US3900899A
InventorsBailey Bill E
Original AssigneeAmerical Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Method for producing panty hose
US 3900899 A
Abstract
The slitting and seaming together of hosiery blanks for producing panty hose is carried out by a single operator and during the usual everting, inspecting and toe seaming operation. The hosiery blanks are slit as they are drawn onto a tubular hosiery form and the upper end engages a heated wire slitter supported on one side of the tubular form and a predetermined distance from the open free end of the form. The heated wire slitter is supported between spaced guide plates which aid in directing the panty forming end portion of the hosiery blanks into engagement with the heated wire slitter.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent Bailey Aug. 26, 1975 METHOD FOR PRODUCING PANTY HOSE Primar Examinerl-l. Ham ton Hunter 75 l t B|llE.Bl ,H d ,N.C. y P l 1 men or ey en arson Attorney, Agent, or FirmParrott, Bell, Seltzer, Park [73] Assignee: America] Corporation, Henderson, & Gib

[22] Filed: Aug. 30, 1974 [57] ABSTRACT [21 1 APPL NOJ 502,163 The slitting and seaming together of hosiery blanks for producing panty hose is carried out by a single operator and during the usual everting, inspecting and toe [52] US. Cl; 2/224 R; l l2/l2l.l5; 223/43 seaming Operation h hosiery blanks are Slit as they [51] Int. Cl. A41B 9/04 are drawn (mm a tubular hosiery form and the upper [58] Field of Search 2/224 R, 227, 243; end engages a heamd wire Slitter Supported on one 1 12/12l'15, 12114 262; 223/43 1 12 side of the tubular form and a predetermined distance from the open free end of the form. The heated wire [56] References cued slitter is supported between spaced guide plates which UNITED STATES PATENTS aid in directing the panty forming end portion of the 3,641,589 2 1972 Bryant 2/224 R hosiery blanks into engagement with the heated Wire 3,671,352 6/1972 Andersen.... 2/224 R slitter.

3,7ll,866 1/1973 Vorbcrg ll2/I2l.l4 3,793,649 2/1974 Matthews et al 2/224 R 2 f 5 D'awmg Flgures METHOD FOR PRODUCING PANTY HOSE This invention relates generally to the method and apparatus for producing panty hose and more particularly to the performance of the everting, inspecting, toe seaming, slitting and seaming together of a pair of hosiery blanks by a single operator.

The usual practice in producing panty hose is to knit seamless tubular hosiery blanks in right-side-out condition, transport the knit blanks to a first sewing operator where the blanks are everted, inspected and the toe ends are closed by a seaming operation, and then transport the closed toe hosiery blanks to another operator where the upper ends are slit in a longitudinal direction and the slit edges of pairs of hosiery blanks are seamed together, with or without crotch patches or connecting panels, to complete the production of the panty hose. This usual method of producing panty hose requires unnecessary handling operations, thereby increasing production cost, and also increases the likelihood of forming picks and snags in the panty hose.

With the foregoing in mind, it is an object of the present invention to provide a method and apparatus for producing panty hose wherein the slitting of the hosiery blanks and seaming together of adjacent hosiery blanks is performed immediately following the usual everting, inspecting and toe seaming operation and by the same operator to thereby reduce the amount of handling required for the production of panty hose.

In accordane with the present invention, the method of producing the panty hose includes knitting pairs of seamless tubular blanks in right-side-out condition, drawing the panty forming end of a first hosiery blank up and over a tubular inspection form to evert the blank while engaging the panty forming end of the blank with a heated wire slitter which is fixed on the outside of the tubular form to longitudinally slit the first blank a predetermined distance from the end thereof as the panty forming end of the first blank is drawn up the outside of the tubular form to a predetermined location on the form. The toe end of the first blank is then sewn to close the same and this blank is turned back to rightside-out condition while it is removed from the form. These steps are then performed on a second tubular hosiery blank and the two blanks are joined together by seaming the corresponding edges of the slits to form the panty portion of the garment.

The apparatus for everting, inspecting and slitting tubular hosiery blanks is positioned immediately adjacent a sewing machine and includes an elongated tubular form having an open free end with a suction source connected to the other end of the tubular form for drawing air inwardly through the open end and along the length of the form. A heated wire slitter is supported on one side of the tubular form and a predetermined distance from the open end thereof. The heated wire slitter comprises a pair of guide plates extending longitudinally of the tubular form and including portions tapering outwardly and away from the open end of the tubular form so that the upper end of a hosiery blank is slit as it is drawn upwardly on the form and along the outwardly tapering portions of the guide plates to engage the heated wire slitter and slit the hosiery blank.

Other objects and advantages will appear as the description proceeds when taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, in which FIG. 1 is an isometric view of the everting, inspecting and slitting apparatus of the present invention and illustrating a fragmentary portion of the supporting table and sewing machine supported adjacent the open free end thereof;

FIG. 2 is an enlarged view of the upper end of the apparatus shown in FIG. 1 and illustrating the manner in which the upper end of a hosiery blank is slit by the heated wire slitter as it is drawn up onto the tubular,

form to the proper position;

FIG. 3 is a fragmentary isometric view of the apparatus illustrating the manner in which the toe end of the stocking is closed while a portion of the slit end of the hosiery blank is maintained on the tubular form;

FIG. 4 is a perspective view of the upper end of a panty hose, illustrating the manner in which the slit edges of two adjacent hosiery blanks are seamed together to complete the panty portion thereof; and

FIG. 5 is an enlarged isometric view, with parts broken away, of the slitting device removed from the tubular form.

The everting, inspecting and slitting apparatus includes an elongate tubular form 10 having an open free end 11 (FIG. 1). The other end portion of the form 10 is suitably supported in-spaced relationship above a work table 12 by means of a support block 13. The other end of the tubular form 10 is suitably connected to a convenient suction source, not shown, so that air is drawn inwardly through the open free end 11 and along the length of the tubular form 10 to create suction currents therein. A conventional sewing machine 14 is supported on the work table 12 and in spaced apart relationship adjacent the free end 11 of the tubular form 10. This sewing machine 14 may be of any conventional type and is preferably of the type which is adapted to form an overedged seam and which is provided with a trimmer for cutting away the excess material just prior to the overedge seam being formed.

A heated hot wire slitter, broadly indicated at 15, is supported on one side of the tubular form 10 and is positioned a predetermined distance from the open free end 11. The heated wire slitter 15 includes a pair of guide plates extending longitudinally of the elongate tubular form 10 and having portions 16, 17 tapering outwardly and away from the open end 11 of the tubular form (FIG. 5). A spacer plate 18 maintains the forward ends of the guide plates in spaced apart relationship and a spacer block 19 extends across and between the rear ends of the guide plates 16, 17. Upper and lower guard portions 20, 21 extend parallel with the tube 10 and are joined to the outwardly tapering portions 16, 17 to define slots therebetween.

As best illustrated in FIG. 5, the heated wire, indicated at 23, is U-shaped and the legs thereof extend into and are supported in the spacer block 19. Electric wires 24, 25 are connected to the legs of the U-shaped heated wire 23 and are suitably connected to any source of electrical energy, not shown. The medial portion of the U-shaped heated wire 23 extends across and between the slots in the guide plates so that the heated wire is protected from engagement by the operator. When the upper end of a hosiery blank is drawn up the tubular form 10, it is guided up the outwardly tapering portions l6, 17 of the guide plates and into engagement with the transversely extending medial portion of the wire 23 so that the fabric is slit. Slots 26 are provided in the guide plates and a band 27 extends through the slots and around the tubular form to maintain the heated wire slitter 15 in the desired longitudinal position on the form 10. A guide bandor mark 28 is provided near the end of the form 10 as an indication to the operator where the upper end of the hosiery blank 50 is to be drawn in order to provide the desired length of slit in one side of the tubular hosiery blank.

METHOD OF OPERATION The method of producing panty hose in accordance with the present invention includes knitting seamless tubular hosiery blanks in right-side-outcondition with one end of each blank being adapted to form the toe and the other end being adapted to form'one-half the panty portion and one-half of the waist opening of the panty hose. As is well-known, hosiery blanks are usually produced by a hosiery knitting machine with both ends open and it is the usual custom to employ a fine denier yarn in knitting the leg portion and to employ a heavier denier yarn in the upper portion of the hosiery blank which is adapted to form the panty portion of the panty hose. The sheer legs of the hosiery blank are indicated at 30 in FIG. 4 and the heavier denier panty portion is indicated at 31. If desired, a turned welt waistband portion, indicated at 32 in FIG. 4, may be formed on the knitting machine.

The knit hosiery blanks are placed near the sewing machine operator and panty hose are produced from pairs of the seamless tubular blanks at the single operator station illustrated in FIG. 1. The toe end of the first of the blanks is positioned adjacent the open end 11 of the tubular form 10 so that the toe end and a substantial length of the first blank is drawn into the tubular form by suction currents therein, as illustrated in FIG. 1. The upper panty forming portion of the tubular blank is then drawn up and over the tubular form 10 to evert this first blank. As the upper end of the first blank is drawn up the outside of the tubular form, it engages and rides up the tapered portions 16, 17 of the heated wire slitter l and the fabric is slit by the medial portion of the U-shaped heated wire 23, as illustrated in FIG. 2. When the upper end of the blank reaches the indicator line or mark 28, the upper end of the hosiery blank has been slit to the desired length. While in this condition, the blank may be inspected for defects and the upper end of the hosiery blank is then moved downwardly on the form to substantially the position shown in FIG. 3 and the operator proceeds to close the toe end of the hosiery blank by use of the sewing machine 14. The closed toe end of the hosiery blank is then permitted to be drawn into the form 10 so that the blank is turned back to right-side-out condition as the operator withdraws the hosiery blank out of the tubular form 10.

A second hosiery blank is then everted, inspected, slit and the toe closed in the same manner as the first blank. The operator then connects the corresponding slit edges of the two hosiery blanks together by a seaming operation, as by a U-shaped seam, indicated at 33 in FIG. 4. The seam 33 extends from the rear of the garment at the waist opening downwardly, through the crotch of the garment and up the front to the waist opening. If desired, a crotch patch or panel may be inserted between the edges of the two hosiery blanks to provide increased width in the desired portions of the panty of the panty hose.

Thus, the everting, inspecting, slitting, toe closing and joining together of pairs of hosiery blanks is carried out at a single position and by a single operator to thereby reduce the number of handlings which are required of the stocking blanks in-the formation of panty hose. Further, the slitting-of the fabric by the heated wire 23 tends ,to fuse the yarn ends and aids in preventing runs and the like in the panty hose. Also, the configuration of the guide plates above. and below the heated wire 23 protect the operator from engagement with the heated wire as the upper end of the hosiery blank is drawn up onto the form 10.

In the drawings and specification there has been se forth a preferred embodiment of the invention, and although specific terms are employed, they are used in a generic and descriptive sense only and not for purposes of limitation.

That which is claimed is:

1. A method of producing panty hose which comprises the steps of a. knitting a pair of seamless tubular blanks in rightside-out condition with one end of each blank being adapted to form the toe end and the other end being adapted to form one-half the panty portion,

b. positioning the toe end of the'first of said blanks adjacent the open end of a tubular form so that the toe end and a substantial length of said first blank is drawn into said tubular form by suction currents therein,

0. drawing the panty formingend of said first blank up and over said tubular form to evert said first blank while engaging the panty forming end of said first blank with a heated wire slitter fixed on the outside of said tubular form to longitudinally slit said first blank a predetermined distance from the end thereof as the panty forming end of said first blank is drawn up the outside of said tubular form to a predetermined location,

d. sewing the toe end of said first blank to close the same,

e. turning said first blank back to right-side-out condition while removing the same from said tubular form,

f. repeating steps (b) through (e) with a second tubular blank, and

g. seaming together the corresponding edges of the slits in the panty forming ends of said first and second blanks to join the two blanks together and form the panty portion of the panty hose.

2. A method of producing panty hose from a pair of tubular hosiery blanks with each blank having a toe portion at one end and a panty forming portion at the other end, said method comprising the steps of a. drawing the panty end of a first hosiery blank up and over a tubular form with a heated wire slitter fixed on the outside of said tubular form to longitudinally slit the blank a predetermined distance from the end thereof while the panty forming end of said blank is being drawn up the outside of said tubular form, moving the panty portion of said blank downwardly along said tubular form and away from said slitter,

b. slitting a second hosiery blank in the same manner set forth in step (a), and

c. sewing the slit edges of the blanks together to form the panty portion of the panty hose.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3641589 *Jun 16, 1969Feb 15, 1972Amos And Smith Hosiery CoMethod of fabricating combination panty hose garment
US3671352 *Jun 19, 1969Jun 20, 1972Andersen Hans ChristianMethod for making panty hoses
US3711866 *Feb 10, 1969Jan 23, 1973Globotex AgMethod and apparatus for producing panty hose
US3793649 *Sep 18, 1972Feb 26, 1974Kellwood CoProcess for preparing ladies{40 {11 seamless pantyhose
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4220104 *Oct 4, 1978Sep 2, 1980Paramount Textile Machinery Co.Hosiery
US4538534 *May 9, 1984Sep 3, 1985Kayser-Roth Hosiery, Inc.Apparatus and method for processing hosiery blanks
US5826527 *Apr 2, 1997Oct 27, 1998Matec S.R.L.Apparatus for treating knitted tubular articles, especially stockings
EP0799923A1 *Mar 24, 1997Oct 8, 1997MATEC S.r.l.Method and apparatus for the treatment of tubular knitted products, especially stockings
Classifications
U.S. Classification112/475.15, 223/43, 2/409, 112/475.12
International ClassificationD05B23/00
Cooperative ClassificationD05D2207/04, D05D2305/10, D05B23/007
European ClassificationD05B23/00M