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Publication numberUS3901223 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 26, 1975
Filing dateMay 28, 1974
Priority dateMay 31, 1973
Also published asDE2426079A1, DE2426079B2, DE2426079C3
Publication numberUS 3901223 A, US 3901223A, US-A-3901223, US3901223 A, US3901223A
InventorsDenis Ronald William May
Original AssigneeHanger & Co Ltd J E
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Knee joints for leg irons
US 3901223 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent [191 May [4 1 Aug. 26, 1975 1 KNEE JOINTS FOR LEG IRONS [75] lnventor: Denis Ronald William May, London,

England [73] Assignee: J. E. Hanger & Company, Limited, London, England [22] Filed: May 28, 1974 [21] Appl. No.: 474,063

[30] Foreign Application Priority Data May 31, 1973 United Kingdom 25977/73 [52] U.S. Cl. 128/80 F; 3/22; 403/119; 403/161 [51] Int. Cl. A61F 3/00; A61F 5/00 [58] Field of Search...., 128/80 F, 80 C, 80 R; 3/22, 27, 2; 403/54, 63, 72, 75, 102, 119, 161

[56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,208,275 7/1940 McCann ..3/22x FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 982,500 1/1951 France 3/22 1,491,569 7/1969 Germany 826,333 12/1951 Germany 3/22 Primary ExaminerR0nald L. Frinks Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Imirie, Smiley & Linn [5 7 ABSTRACT The invention provides a knee joint for a leg iron comprising a longer forward link and a shorter rearward link pivoted between lugs at the base of a thigh iron and lugs at the head of a shin iron. A spur on the forward link contacts an abutment formed on the shin iron both at full extension and full flexure to prevent hyperextension and hyperflexion.

2 Claims, 2 Drawing Figures PATENTEU AUG26I975 KNEE JOINTS FOR LEG IRONS BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention concerns improvements in knee joints for leg irons, by which term we mean orthopaedic supports and splints used by patients who have retained their natural knee;

The natural knee joint when flexing through its full range of movement performs a very complex action of sliding, gliding, rolling, twisting and rotation, sometimes sequentially but often all at one time. It therefore has no one axis about, which the rotation occurs. Research has shown that the locus of instantaneous centres of rotation approximates to a downward and forward curving path, beginning some 3 inches up in the femur and ending at about the position of the femoral epicondyles.

Traditionally, orthopaedic joints, for bracing the natural knee, and side steels for supporting and suspending limbs for amputations where the knee is remaining, use single axis pivots, usually placed slightly behind and at about the level of the femoral epicondyles. The single axis not being compatible with the natural joint causes large forces to be applied to the steels, and also displacement and thus rubbing of the natural leg or stump.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION It is an object of the invention to provide a knee joint which can support the full weight of a patient and which closely simulates the natural knee movement.

According to the invention we provide a knee joint for a leg iron comprising a forward pivot and a rearward pivot formed at the head of a shin iron and a forward and a rearward pivot formed at the base of a thigh iron, a swinging link between the rearward pivots and a longer swinging link between the forward pivots, the shin iron providing a fixed abutment and the longer link being formed with a rearwardly extending spur which contacts the said abutment at full extension and full flexion of the joint.

In a flexing movement of the thigh iron relative to the shin iron from the fully extended attitude the longer (forward) link first pivots forwardly through a given angle and then its motion is reversed so that adopts an identical position relative to the shin iron in both fully extended and fully flexed attitudes.

The abutment on the shin iron is preferably an inclined face formed by reducing its width towards its head.

In practice a complete splint or other prosthetic device employs two joints as above described, one located inside and one located outside the natural knee, and the two joints are made to opposite hands.

A preferred construction of knee joint is illustrated in the accompanying drawing.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a side elevation of a preferred embodiment according to the present invention, and

FIG. 2 is an end elevation, partially sectioned, of the device of FIG. 1.

DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION The shin iron 1 is formed at its head with a forward pivot bearing 2 and a rearward pivot bearing 3 at a higher level.

The thigh iron 4 provides at its base a forward pivot bearing 5 and a rearward pivot bearing 6 at a higher level.

A swinging link 7 interconnects pivot bearings 3 and 6, and a longer swinging link 8 interconnects pivot bearings 2 and 5.

The link 8 is formed with a rearwardly projecting spur 9, and the shin iron 1 is cut away on one face at its head to provide a forwardly inclined abutment face 10.

As indicated in FIG. 1, the thigh iron is capable of flexing through l34 /2 relative to the shin iron from the fully extended attitude.

In the fully extended attitude the tip of the spur 9 abuts the face 10 as shown in the drawing; upon commencement of flexure of the thigh iron 4 relative to the shin iron 1, the link 8 first rotates clockwise about pivot bearing 2 and then reverses its pivotal movement and moves anti-clockwise. As the joint attains the attitude of full flexure the tip of spur 9 again contacts the face 10.

The joint is thus locked against hyper extension and hyper-flexion by means of only a single stop.

It will be understood that the invention is not restricted to the details of the preferred form which has been described by way of example which can be modified without departure from the broad ideas underlying them.

I claim:

1. A knee joint for a leg iron comprising a shin iron having a head carrying a forward pivot and a rearward pivot, a thigh iron having a base carrying a forward pivot and a rearward pivot, a swinging link between the rearward pivots and a longer swinging link between the forward pivots, a single fixed abutment on said shin iron, and means rearwardly extending from said longer link for cooperative engagement with said single fixed abutment at full extension and at full flexion of the joint so as to limit the degree of movement of said joint in both directions.

2. A knee joint for a leg iron according to claim 1, in which the abutment on the shin iron is an inclined face formed by reducing the width of the head of the shin

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2208275 *Jun 25, 1937Jul 16, 1940Conner French JArtificial knee
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4361142 *Aug 20, 1981Nov 30, 1982Northwestern UniversityKnee orthosis and joint construction therefor
US4371990 *Jun 16, 1980Feb 8, 1983Lamberto StaffieriThigh prosthesis
US4382712 *Jul 27, 1981May 10, 1983Messerschmitt-Boelkow-Blohm Gesellschaft Mit Beschraenkter HaftungLoad transmitting connecting element with bolt eyes
US4523585 *Oct 3, 1983Jun 18, 1985Lamb Steve RAnatomic fracture brace for the knee
US4628916 *Jun 13, 1985Dec 16, 1986United States Manufacturing Co.Braces for preventing injuries to the knee joint
US4697583 *Jan 29, 1985Oct 6, 1987Don Joy Orthopedic, Inc.Four-point anterior cruciate ligament brace
US4821707 *Dec 28, 1987Apr 18, 1989Andre AudetteMechanical articulated joint for knee braces
US4873967 *Apr 27, 1987Oct 17, 1989Sutherland Jeffrey LKnee orthosis
US4961416 *Jun 12, 1989Oct 9, 1990Orthopedic Systems, Inc.Knee brace
US5060640 *Mar 14, 1990Oct 29, 1991Becker Orthopedic Appliance CompanyKnee brace
US5168865 *May 6, 1991Dec 8, 1992Orthopedic Systems, Inc.Knee brace with pivot lock
US5330418 *Mar 3, 1993Jul 19, 1994Townsend Industries, Inc.Multiaxis controlled motion knee brace with a four bar joint and method for producing same
US5372572 *Sep 27, 1990Dec 13, 1994Tamagni AgKnee orthesis appliance
US5443444 *Jul 19, 1994Aug 22, 1995Professional Care Products IncorporatedOrthopaedic polycentric hinge
US5547464 *Apr 12, 1994Aug 20, 1996Deroyal Industries, Inc.For attachment to a limb
US5746774 *Jan 16, 1996May 5, 1998The University Of ToledoKnee joint mechanism for knee disarticulation prosthesis
US5800370 *Feb 16, 1994Sep 1, 1998Joachim TheusnerExoprosthesis for the human knee joint
US6464657 *May 24, 2000Oct 15, 2002James D. CastilloAnatomical joint brace field of the invention
US6796951 *Feb 2, 2001Sep 28, 2004Asterisk.Asterisk. LlcAnatomical joint brace with adjustable joint extension limiter
US7087090Nov 18, 2004Aug 8, 2006Bloorview Macmillan CentreArtificial knee joint
US7189212Jun 21, 2005Mar 13, 2007Bradley LinebergerOrthopedic polycentric hinge
US7507215 *Jul 10, 2006Mar 24, 2009Jri Development Group, LlcOrthotic brace
US7588604 *Nov 19, 2003Sep 15, 2009Nabco LimitedProsthetic leg with knee braking function
US7615025Jan 6, 2005Nov 10, 2009Djo, LlcKnee brace hinges with adaptive motion
US8043243Jan 6, 2005Oct 25, 2011Djo, LlcKnee brace hinges having dual axes of rotation
USRE33621 *Sep 19, 1988Jun 25, 1991 Anatomic brace fracture for the knee
DE19581773T1 *Sep 8, 1995Oct 16, 1997Univ ToledoVerbesserter Kniegelenksmechanismus für eine Prothese für Kniegelenksbehinderungen
EP1355596A1 *Jan 23, 2002Oct 29, 2003Asterisk.Asterisk, LLCJoint brace with multi-planar pivoting assembly and infinitely adjustable limb extension regulator
WO1983000618A1 *Aug 20, 1982Mar 3, 1983Univ NorthwesternKnee orthosis and joint construction therefor
U.S. Classification602/16, 623/39, 403/161, 403/119, 602/26
International ClassificationA61F5/01, A61F2/64
Cooperative ClassificationA61F5/0123, A61F2005/0146, A61F2/644
European ClassificationA61F5/01D3, A61F2/64P2