|Publication number||US3901401 A|
|Publication date||Aug 26, 1975|
|Filing date||Oct 12, 1973|
|Priority date||Oct 12, 1973|
|Publication number||US 3901401 A, US 3901401A, US-A-3901401, US3901401 A, US3901401A|
|Inventors||Judge Paul, Lynn Edwin W, Tardiff Hervey L|
|Original Assignee||Brockway Glass Co Inc|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (8), Referenced by (28), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
[451 Aug. 26, 1975 United States Patent Lynn et al.
CONTAINER AND SAFETY CLOSURE THEREFOR BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION DESCRIPTION OFl THE ILLUSTRATED EMBODIMENTS Referring to FIGS. l and 2, the numeral desig- This invention relates to a new and improved safety 5 Hates a COmaner body 0f glass 0f a relatively rigid Plas' closure for bottles or similar containers particularly for pills and medicines to make access to the contents of the containers difficult for children. Such closures are generally referred to as child-resistant container closures.
The prior art closures of this general type which most nearly resemble the closures of the present invention are disclosed in ODonnell U.S. Pat. No. 3,170,585, dated Feb. 23, 1965; Grimm U.S. Pat. No. 3,334,763 dated Aug. 8, 1967; Grimm U.S. Pat. No. 3,393,816 dated July 23, 1968; and Horvath U.S. Pat. No. 3,627,160 dated Dec. 14, 1971. In all of these patents the closure has an internal rib which engages over an external end or rib or projection on the container and the closure is released by rotating the same to a predetermined index position.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The container and closure combination of the present invention includes a container having a continuous annular rib thereon so that complementary rib or bead formations at the interior of the closure engage beneath such container rib in all angular positions of the closure relative to the container and the relationship is such that the cap is snapped on to the container in any relative angular position.
In the container and closure combinations of the present invention the internal diameter of the closure is larger than the greatest external diameter of the container neck to provide radial manufacturing tolerance but either the interior of the closure or the exterior of the container neck is provided with one or more protuberances which engage the other member to take up the slack introduced by reason of the radial manufacturing tolerance.
In one form of the container and closure combination of the present invention the external bead or rib on the container is reduced in radial extent at the release position but is still present at such position to an extent sufficient to retain the closure in effectively closing position until sufficient upward force thereon resiliently releases the closure from the container.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. I is a vertical cross-sectional view through the upper end of a container illustrating one form of the container and cap combination of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view on the line II-II of FIG. l;
FIG. 3 is a vertical cross-sectional view through the upper end of another embodiment of the container and cap combination of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view on the line IV-IV of FIG. 3;
FIG. 5 is a vertical cross-sectional view through the upper end of another embodiment of the container and cap combination of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a cross-sectional view on the line VI-VI of FIG. 5.
tic material having a circular neck portion l2. An annular locking rib 13 encircles neck l2 and is of constant cross section and constant radius throughout. The upper side of rib 13 is inclined to present a camming 0 surface I4 and the lower face lies in a generally radial plane to provide a secure locking surface l5 for the cap, as will presently appear.
The neck portion of the container is further provided with an external annular flange 17 which is spaced below the locking rib I3. Flange 17 has an indentation 18 therein for finger or thumb clearance in removing a cap, as will be described more fully later herein.
The cap member of the present embodiment is designated generally by the numeral 20 and is preferably of plastic material having sufficient elastic resilience for snap fitting over the locking rib 13 of the container. Cap 20 has an end wall 2l and a skirt portion 22. The skirt portion 22 has an internal diameter which is fractionally larger than the diameter of the locking rib 13 of the container to provide normal manufacturing tolerance.
A pair of oppositely disposed arcuately extending bead formations 25 and 26 are provided at the interior of cap 20. These beads are, in the illustrated instance of similar cross section and are disposed to snap fit over the rib 13 of container 10 and engage securely thereunder. The bead formation 26 is of less angular extent than bead 2S and serves as a resiliently releasable latch which may be forced up over rib 13 when the cap is in a given angular position on container 10.
The exterior of skirt 22 of cap 20 is generally cylindrical excepting for a radially projecting tab formation 28. Flange formation 17 of the container prevents one from engaging a finger beneath skirt 22 to release the cap and the only position of the cap in which upward releasing force of a users fingers or thumb can effectively be applied thereto isv when tab 28 is in registry with the indentation 18 of flange 17 as illustrated in FIGS. 1 and 2. In this position the tab 28 may be firmly grasped between the fingers and lifted to release bead 26 from beneath rib 13 or finger pressure may merely be applied beneath tab 28 to raise the same and release the cap. During this release operation the side wall portions of skirt 22 which lie between the ends of bead formations 25 and 26 flex to permit bead 26 to move upwardly out of the plane of bead 25 which is still engaged beneath rib 13 until bead 26 has been moved upwardly sufficiently to permit slight lateral movement of the opposite portion of cap 20 to release bead 25 from locking engagement beneath rib 13.
Because of the above-mentioned manufacturing tolerance as between the internal diameter of cap 20 and the diameter of locking rib 13, and to avoid lateral shifting of the cap on the container incidental thereto, a pair of vertical bead formations 30 are provided at the interior of cap 20 in the present embodiment. It will be noted in FIG. 2 that such lateral shifting is prevented the container and cap will not be repeated here and the parts in FIGS. 3 and 4 are identified by the same numerals as in the case of FIGS. 1 and 2 with the single exception noted above. This exception consists in the fact that the beads 30 at the interior of the skirt 22 of cap are omitted in FIGS. 3 and 4 and in place thereof a rounded protuberance 31 is formed at the periphery of annular rib 13 of the container at a point diametrically opposite to the indentation 18 of the flange 17 thereof. This protuberance 2l serves the same purpose as the beads 31 of FIGS. l and 2.
The beads 30 of FIGS. 1 and 2 and the protuberance 31 of FIGS. 3 and 4 in effect take up the play in a radial direction which would otherwise be present due to the tolerance between the outside diameter of rib 13 and the inside diameter of skirt 22 of cap 20. This does not negative the necessary tolerance since variations which tend to take up a part of this manufacturing tolerance will merely cause a slight non-circular distortion of the skirt 22 of cap 20.
The embodiment illustrated in FIGS. 5 and 6 is generally similar to that of the preceding embodiments but includes certain modifications which will become apparent from a consideration of FIGS. 3 and 4 and the following description of the embodiment there illustrated.
In FIGS. 5 and 6 the numeral 40 designates a container body having a circular neck portion 4l and, as in the previous embodiments, a locking rib 42 of generally uniform cross section encircles neck 41. As in the previous embodiments, the upper side of rib 42 presents an inclined camming surface and the lower face thereof is flat to provide a locking surface.
An annular flange 44 encircles the container 40 at a point spaced below locking rib 42 which is similar to and for the same purpose as the flange 17 in each of the preceding embodiments. In FIGS. 5 and 6 a notch 45 to provide a finger space is provided in flange 44 and in this instance the notch 45 extends inwardly to the side wall of container 40 and is of the general contour illustrated in FIG. 6.
The cap member of the present embodiment is designated generally by the numeral 50 and comprises an end wall 5l and a skirt portion 52. l-Iere again the inter-` nal diameter of skirt portion 52 is larger than the diameter of locking rib 42 by an amount sufficient to provide manufacturing tolerance.
In the present embodiment the means for normally preventing horizontal shifting of the cap on the container which might occur due to the aforesaid manufacturing tolerance comprises a pair of rounded protuberances 53 formed at the periphery of rib 42. Protuberances 53 are spaced arcuately and lie generally diametrically opposite to notch 45 of container flange 44. Arcuate bead formations 55 and 56 of FIG. 6 correspond in construction and function to the bead formations and 26 of the previously described embodiments. Also, the skirt 52 of cap 50 of the present embodiment is provided with a tab formation 57 corresponding to the tab formation 28 of the present embodiments.
In the several embodiments the beads 30, the protuberance 3l, and the protuberances 53 all tend to hold the cap up tight in a radial direction to produce a controlled frictional resistance or drag" when the cap is rotated relative to the container.
In the embodiment of FIGS. 5 and 6 the locking rib 42 of the container is provided with an arcuate recess 58 which facilitates disengagement of bead formation 56 from the locking rib 42 when the parts are in the illustrated position with tab 57 of the cap in registry with notch 45 of the container flange 44. The recess 58 may 5 be of greater or lesser depth to vary the disengagement resistance in accordance with varying conditions and desirabilities, but in any event only an outer peripheral portion of rib 42 is removed to form recess 58 so that the essential continuity of rib 42 prevails and the bead formation 56 continues its engagement beneath rib 42 when the parts are rotated to the position of FIG. 6 until the tab 57 is manipulated to release the closure from the container.
A preferred embodiment of the present invention has been described herein and shown in the accompanying drawings to illustrate the underlying principles of the invention but it is to be understood that numerous modifications may be made without departing from the broad spirit and scope of the invention.
l. In combination, a container and a removable closure therefor, said container having a circular neck portion defining an access opening, a continuous annular rib encircling said neck, the upper surface of said rib being sloped to provide a camming surface and the lower surface of said rib having at least a portion thereof lying in a substantially radial plane to provide a locking surface, said closure comprising an end wall portion and a generally cylindrical skirt extending marginally therefrom, said skirt having a pair of arcuate bead formations of rounded cross section disposed diametrically opposite to each other and lying in a cornmon radial plane, one of said bead formations being of substantially shorter arcuate extent than the other whereby said shorter bead comprises a latch element and the longer bead comprises a retaining element, said cap being sufficiently resilient to permit said arcuate bead formations to snap over said annular rib for applying and removing said cap, said closure having a tab formation extending radially outwardly from the lower edge of said skirt, an annular flange on said container disposed beneath said closure and extending radially outwardly beyond said tab and having a notch therein for permitting lifting movement against said tab when the latter is aligned with said notch, the interior diameter of the said closure being larger than the external diameter of said annular rib of the container neck to provide manufacturing tolerance between the interior surface of said closure and the exterior surface of said rib, and protuberance means at the exterior surface of said rib to engage the other of said surfaces to prevent radial movement of said closure with respect to the container due to said tolerance, said protuberance means being disposed generally diametrically opposite to the initial release point of the closure.
2. In combination, a container and a removable closure therefor, said container having a circular neck portion defining an access opening, a continuous annular rib encircling said neck, the upper surface of said rib being sloped to provide a camming surface and the lower surface of said rib having at least a portion thereof lying in a substantially radial plane to provide a locking surface, said closure comprising an end wall portion and a generally cylindrical skirt extending marginally therefrom, said skirt having a pair of arcuate bead formations of rounded cross section disposed diametrically opposite to each other and lying in a common radial plane, one of said bead formations being of substantially shorter arcuate extent than the other whereby said shorter bead comprises a latch element and the longer bead comprises a retaining element, said cap being sufficiently resilient to permit said arcuate bead formations to snap over said annular rib for applying and removing said cap, said closure having a tab formation extending radially outwardly from the lower edge of said skirt, an annular flange on said container disposed beneath said closure and extending radially outwardly beyond said tab and having a notch therein for permitting lifting movement against said tab when the latter is aligned with said notch, the interior diameter of the said closure being larger than the external diameter of said annular rib of the container neck to provide manufacturing tolerance between the interior surface of said closure and the exterior surface of said rib,
and protuberance means at the exterior surface of said rib to engage the other of said surfaces to prevent radial movement of said closure with respect to the container due to said tolerance, said continuous annular rib having a notch therein less than the full radial depth thereof whereby the notched portion normally retains the closure by engagement with its bead formations in any angular position of the closure with respect to the container but whereby the shorter bead formation may be flexed over said notched rib in a closure removal operation, and said protuberance means being disposed generally diametrically opposite to the notch in said annular flange of the container.
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|U.S. Classification||215/223, 215/317, 215/224|
|International Classification||B65D50/06, B65D50/00|