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Publication numberUS3901989 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 26, 1975
Filing dateJul 20, 1973
Priority dateJul 27, 1972
Also published asDE2338286A1
Publication numberUS 3901989 A, US 3901989A, US-A-3901989, US3901989 A, US3901989A
InventorsFukuma Noboru, Hokonoki Hisao, Ishikawa Tatsuo, Kusunose Tetsuhiro, Sakashita Masahira
Original AssigneeAsahi Chemical Ind
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Composite filament
US 3901989 A
Abstract  available in
Images(6)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent Hokonoki et a1.

COMPOSITE FILAMENT Inventors: Hisao Hokonoki; Tatsuo lshikawa;

Masahira Sakashila; Tetsuhiro Kusunose; Noboru Fukuma, all of Nobeoka, Japan Assignee: Asahi Kasei Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha, Osaka. Japan Filed: July 20, 1973 Appl. NO.I 381,320

Foreign Application Priority Data July 27 1972 Japan 4774664 US. Cl .1 428/373; 28/72 HR; 428/370 Int. Cl D02g 3/00 Field of Search .1 161/172, 173,175,177;

260/78 R 78 S, 857 R; 28/72 HR 1 Aug. 26, 1975 [56} References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,399,108 8/1968 Olson 161/175 3.551.277 12/1971) Tamuru... 1. 161/175 3,607,610 9/1971 Fukumam 161/175 3.621),)(14 11/1971 Tamura 1 161/175 3779,85} 12/1973 Olson 161/175 Primary Examiner-Marion E. McCamish Arrurney, Agenl, or FirmBurgess. Dinklage & Sprung [57] ABSTRACT A crimpable composite filament wherein the one component is homogeneous polyamide and the other random copolyamide, is provided. The obtained filament is superior in crimp developing ability and the knit from the filament is especially suitable for. among oth' ers, stretch hosiery 9 Claims, 7 Drawing Figures PATENTED M182 5 I975 SHEET 3 BF 90 a0 70 so so 40 3o 20 I0 6M weight PATENTED msz ms 3. 901 ,989

sum 5 0; Q

90 8O 7O 60 50 40 30 20 IO 66 solt weight COMPOSITE FILAMENT BACKGROUND Heretofore, composite filament arranged in side-byside or kidney shape in cross sectional view of the fiber was proposed for the crimpable composite fiber.

However, these known crimpable composite fibers show only insufficient crimp and cannot retain satisfactory bulk and crimp, due to restrained force when knitted.

Further, shrinkage in boiling water of these known fiber was low. Preferred shrinkage properties were especially required for panty stocking yarn, which is one of the predominant uses for this kind of fibers. Filaments with shrinkage in boiling water more than percent necessitate a longer knitted fabric with course structure, due to taking into consideration heat shrinkage in boiling water and crimping shrinkage when knitted product is heat relaxed. Accordingly, for these known fibers, the conventional knitting machine can not be used and alteration of the machine such as modification of fabric tube is required. In addition, large knit structure causes disadvantage in later processes such as crimp producing process and tends easily to induce defect in knitted fabric.

To meet the above mentioned requirements, various improvements in making composite filament having less shrinkage and large crimping force were intended by selecting certain types of copolymers or employing improved after-treatment method, etc. These improvements satisfy requirements to some extent, but few of these improvements could satisfy above mentioned two requirements.

For one of these improvements, Japanese Patent Publication No. 25507/1967 was proposed. The gist of this Japanese Patent Publication was:

I. using the composition as the one component substantially comprising crystallizable homogeneous polyamide, and the composition substantially comprising random non-isomorphic copolyamide containing at least percent of each two of contained polymer unit (preferably, one of the polymer units being same with homogeneous polyamide),

2. spinning simultaneously both components to form eccentrically arranged composite filament,

3. drawing thus obtained filament in a condition wherein only homogeneous polymer components can be crystallized,

4. crystallizing copolymerization composition to produce crimp by heat-treating the filament in relax condition and, then 5. stretching the filament to remove crimp.

This process enables to obtain crimpable composite fiber with latent crimp which satisfy the afore-said requirements. However, in this process, since stretching step (5) is necessitated, enhancement of the productivity is immensely difficult. Similarly, for the step (4 except specific copolymer, treatment under severe condition is required for crystallization, and accordingly, physical properties are remarkably lowered.

SUMMARY This invention relates to crimpable composite filament obtained by i. eccentrically forming into fiber, homogeneous polyamide and random copolyamide, ii. drawing thus obtained fiber,

2 iii. heat-relaxing the resultant filament, so as said random copolyamide component not to exhibit crystalline structure by X-ray diffraction and to develop a part of crimp of latent crimpability.

Preferable shrinking percentage in boiling water of thus produced filament is less than 15 percent. most preferably around 10 percent. And number of crimps of thus produced crimpable filament is less than 25, preferably less than 20/25 mm.

Knitted fabric from thus obtained composite fiber develops crimp upon sufficient heat relax treatment by boiling water or steam and crystallization of copolymer occurs. Thus, the obtained fiber is superior product with high crimp developing ability.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING FIG. 1 shows the spinneret assembly for composite spinning used for the present invention.

FIG. 2 shows sheet of processing the yarn according to the invention.

FIG. 3 shows triangle co-ordinate diagram for copolyamide 6/66/6T.

FIG. 4 shows triangle coordinate diagram for copolyamide 6/66/6l0.

FIG. 5 shows triangle coordinate diagram for copolyamide 6/66/612.

FIG. 6 shows triangle coordinate diagram for copolyamide 66/6T/6l0.

FIG. 7 shows triangle coordinate diagram for copolyamide 66/6T/6l 2.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION Homogeneous polyamide used for the present invention includes polycapramide (nylon 6), polyhexamethylene adiamide (nylon 66), polyundecamide (nylon ll), polydodecamide (nylon 12), polyhexamethylene decamide (nylon 6 l 0) and polyhexamethylene dodecamide (nylon 612).

Random copolyamide used for the present invention includes:

1. bicomponent copolymer of 6/66 prepared from scaprolactam (hereinafter referred to as 6M) and hexamethylene diammonium adipate (hereinafter referred to as 66 salt) with the amount of 6M in the range of 30-60 weight percent;

2. tricomponent copolymer of 6/66/6T prepared from 6M, 66 salt and hexamethylene diammonium terephthalate (hereinafter referred to as 6T salt), wherein its composition is represented by the area covered by a,b,c,d,e,f, and g in FIG. 3, with the amount of 6M, 66 salt and 6T at each point of a,b,c,d,e,f, and g being respectively represented by weight as :0:15, 65:20:15, 60:40:0, 30:70:0, 10:70:20, 5:55:40 and 35:0:65;

3. tricomponent copolymer of 6/66/610 prepared from 6M, 66 salt and hexamethylene diammonium sebacate (610 salt), wherein its composition is represented by the area covered by a,b and c in FIG. 4, with the amount of 6M, 66 salt and 610 salt at each point of a,b and c being respectively represented by weight as 60z40z0, 30:70:0 and 30:40:30.

4. tricomponent copolymer of 6M, 66 salt and the salt of hexamethylene diamine and dodecan dicarboxylic acid (6]2 salt), wherein its composition is represented by the area covered by ab and c in FIG. 5, with the amount of 6M, 66 salt and 612 salt at each point of a,b and c respectively represented by weight as 50:50c0, 30:70:0 and 25:45:30.

5. tricomponent copolymer of 66/6T/610 prepared from 66 salt, 6T salt and 610 salt, wherein its composition is represented by the area covered by a,b,c,d,e, and fin FIG. 6 with the amount of 66 salt, 6T salt and 610 salt at each point of a,b,c,d,e, and f being respectively represented by weight as 6252225115, 55:30:15, 45:35:20, :35:65, 0:20:80 and 17.5:22.5:60;

6. tricomponent copolymer of 66/6T/612 prepared from 66 salt, 6T salt and 612 salt, wherein its composition is represented by the area covered by a,b,c,d and e in FIG. 7, with the amount of 66 salt, 6T salt and 612 salt at each point of a,b,c,d and 2 being respectively represented by weight as 65:25:10, 40:40:20, 0:45:55, 0:32.51675 and 27.532.515.40,

The components outside above specified composition cannot satisfy the afore-said requirement for copolyamide, and therefore are excluded from the present invention.

For example, tricomponent copolymer of 6/66/6T having copolymerization ratio by weight of /70/25 or 5/60/35 tricomponent copolymer of 66/6T/6 l 0 having copolymerization ratio by weight of 60/30/10. 40/40/20, 20/40/40 and 10/40/50, tricomponent copolymer of 66/6T/612 having copolymerization ratio by weight of 70/25/5, 60/30/10, 35/45/20, 20/50/30 or 10/50/40', etc can satisfy the crystallization condition for the present invention, but cannot produce enough crimp for crimp yarn, due to small shrinkage in boiling water which eventually causes only less than 10 percent of difference of shrinkage in boiling water between that of homogeneous polyamide.

On the other hand, tricomponent copolymer of 6/66/6T having copolymerization ratio by weight of 25/72.5/2.5 or 80/10/10; tricomponent copolymer of 6/66/610 with copolymerization ratio by weight of 20/70/10, 20/60/20, 20/50/30 or /45/40; tricomponent copolymer of 6/66/612 with copolymerization ratio by weight of /50/30, 20/60/20 or 20/70/10', tricomponent copolymer of 66/6T/6l0 with copolymerization ratio by weight of 20/20/60, 30/20/50, 40/20/40, 50/20/30, 70/10/20, 50/10/40, 30/10/60 or 20/ 10/70: tricomponent copolymer of 66/6T/612 with copolymerization ratio by weight of 20/30/50, 35/30/35, 65/20/15, 40/20/40, 10/20/70 or 30/10/60; etc can satisfy the requirement of shrinkage in boiling water as the copolymer of the invention, but cannot satisfy the crystallization conditionn specified in the present invention.

Besides, tricomponent copolymer of 6/66/6T with copolymerization ratio by weight of 10/85/5, 10/80/10, 5/85/10, 5/90/5, 90/5/5, 85/10/5, or 85/5/10 can not satisfy both of crystallization condition and shrinkage in boiling water for copolymer specified according to the present invention.

Further, tricomponent copolymer of 6/66/6T with copolymerization ratio of 20/20/60 or /20/65 which satisfy the condition of crystallization condition and shrinkage in boiling water, extremely lowers spinning ability and drawing ability, and therefore excluded from the present invention.

Random copolymer used for the present invention should be the copolymer, fiber from which shows more than 10 percent of the difference in thermal shrinkage between the fiber from homopolyamide and cannot be turned into crystalline structure as described in Japanese Patent Publication 25507/1967 upon exposure of steam at 200C for 10* 0.5 second in relaxed status, does not show by densitomer X-ray reflection characteristics along equatorial direction in the plane of 100), and (010, and accordingly shows only one peak instead showing inherently distinct two peaks and, upon relax treatment by boiling water or steam forms crystaline or pseudo-crystalline structure.

Drawing of random copolymer filament selected for the present invention by ordinary thermal drawing condition of polyamide fiber does not give rise to crystallization of polymer.

Heretofore, for the typical copolymer component for crimpable composite fiber, copolyamide of 66/610 with copolymerization ratio being 30-70 percent, copolyamide of 66/6l(hexamethylene diammonium isophthalate)with copolymerization ratio of 60-97 percent, copolyamide of 66/6 with copolymerization ratio of 520 percent were proposed and these copolyamides possess satisfactory thermal shrinkage.

However, in case of these copolyamides crystallization proceeds by heat relax treatment after drawing, and in order to utilize thermal shrinkability for the effective production of crimp, it was necessary to produce enough crimp at this stage. As a result, removal of crimp by stretching after heat relax treatment was necessary. Besides, reduction of crimp production at the heat relax treatment step with the aim of eliminating stretching step of (5), remarkable crystallization of copolymer in that step proceeds and therefore thermal shrinkage of copolymer cannot be utilized for effective crimping. And thus sufficient crimp cannot be ensured by the treatment of crimp production for knit.

In other words, for these known typical copolyamides, in order to develop as much crimp as possible at the heat relax treatment step, it was most effective to utilize for crimp production thermal shrinkage of copolymer and consequently, removal of crimp at stretching step of (5) was indispensable.

On the contrary, according to the present invention no crystallization proceeds during heat relax treatment step by partially developing crimp and at this step residual crimpability can be retained. Thus in the present invention, no difference in crimp which is induced by total production of crimp at this step is observed and there is no need to develop excessive crimp, thereby simultaneously satisfying crimp developing ability, shrinkage in boiling water and suitability for knit fabric or hosiery goods.

In the heat relax treatment, it is most effective to de velop 530 percent of crimp from the view points of crimp developing ability, shrinking percentage in boil ing water, productivity of yarn and suitability for knit.

Composite filament having these properties can be obtained by introducing the yarn to heat-relax treatment zone under steam or heated gaseous fluid, which zone is provided after draw step. Drawn filament was passed through chamber or tube under steam or fluid heated at l00-200C, for less than 0.5 second. At this step, filament is fed to the chamber to obtain relax percentage of the filament being more than 15 percent, preferably 20-25 percent. By employing this heat-relax condition mentioned above, shrinking percentage in boiling water of the filament can be lowered to around 10 percent, while substantially avoiding crystallization of random copolymer component of the fiber. Thus, commercially feasible high production speed of more than 800 m/min, preferably 800-1000 m/min. can be attained. FIG. 2 shows preferable example of heat relax treatment zone. Undrawn filaments are fed from drawing zone (including delivery roll 3) to heat treatment chamber 5. This chamber is equipped with a inlet for filament. Steam or other heated fluid is blown from a nozzle part in an arrow direction. Heat-relax condition of the filament can be kept excellent by blowing simultaneously from both of the inlet and the outlet. Filaments passed through this heat treatment zone are wound on a bobbin by a spindle.

As mentioned above, in the present invention copolymerization component is not crystallized during heat relax treatment step and there is no need to completely develop crimp at this step. Accordingly, stretching step to remove crimp is not necessitated and treating speed is remarkably enhanced up to i200 m/min, due to mild heat relax treatment.

The present invention is further illustrated by the following examples.

In the example, shrinking percentage is calculated according to the following equation:

Shrinking percentage in boiling water (71) I A X l00(%) m m Crimping developing ability m X l00(%] wherein m is the length of the skein prepared by winding the composite filaments yarn in S0 loops. applying by steam atmosphere at normal pressure for one minute under suspension with a weight of 0.0012 g/d, allowing to dry in air for 60 minutes under this weight, and

m is the length of the skein by removing the weight of 0.0012 g/d, allowing to stand for l minute and then suspending a weight of 0.33 g/d for one minute. The number of crimps means number of crimps in 25mm wherein the crimp filament is suspended with a weight of 2 mg/d, by counting from the one peak to the other peak as one crimp or from the one trough to the other trough as one crimp.

Relax percentage is calculated according to the following equation: n

V! Relax ('1?) X 1001'1] wherein,

V is the speed of the drawing roll. and V, is the speed of the delivery roll.

6 Relative viscosity (nreL) of the polymer is viscosity of the solution whereby lg of polymer is dissolved into ml. of 95.5 percent of sulfuric acid.

In the following examples, measurement of stretchback was conducted as in Example 1.

EXAMPLE I To I20 kg of 50 percent aqueous solution of hexamethylene diammonium adipate (hereinafter referred to as 66 salt) in an 400-! autoclave was added and dissolved 40 kg of e-caprolactam (hereinafter, referred to as 6M) to obtain the weight ratio of 66 salt to 6M being 60/40. Then the inside of the autoclave was purged with nitrogen for the polymerization. The autoclave was heated at 230C for 1 hour, while gradually removing steam and keeping the inside pressure at l7.5 kglcm Then the inside pressure was brought from 17.5 Kg/cm" to an atmospheric pressure over a period of l hour and heating was continued for l hour while flowing nitrogen at an atmospheric pressure. From thus obtained random copolyamide 66/6 (copolyamide of polyhexamethylene adipamide and polycapramide) having relative viscosity of 2.43 as the one component and homopolyamide 66 (polyhexamethylene adipamide hereinafter referred to as Nylon 66) having relative viscosity of 2.47 as the other component, composite spinning in the same volume ratio of the components was conducted through a kidney-type composite spinneret having 5 orifices, each with a diameter of 0.3 md).

In FIG. 1, the random copolyamide 66/6 component is supplied from groove (2), and the homopolyamide from grooves (b) and (c). As shown in FIG. 2, thus obtained non-spun filaments are spun to 3.5 times through feed roll 1 and draw roll 3 and then heat relaxed by introducing the filament yarn to 30 cm longheating chamber 5 under steam kept at C, wherein steam was introduced from ejector 4 at the top of heating chamber 5 and the supply speed of the yarn was 800 m/min. and the yarn was heat-relaxed at a rate of 21 percent of relax in the heating chamber 5 by adjusting the speeds of draw roll 3 and delivery roll 6 to give 2ld/5f composite filament developping 20 percent of latent crimp (number of crimps being ll/25mm).

For comparison, undrawn yarn of the composite filaments of (ii) prepared in the similar manner as described above, was drawn to 3.5 times to obtain 20d/5f. Crimp developing ability and shrinking percentage in boiling water of these filaments (l) and (II) were measured. Also, evaluation was made by the following way. The filament was knitted by a circular knitting machine with a diameter of 3% inch and having 400 needles into plain stitch fabric under knitting tension of l g and with the course of 62/inch and wale of 32/inch. The fabric was subjected to heat relax treatment for 5 minutes in boiling water at l00C, followed by the steps of allow ing to dry in air elevating the heating temperature from normal temperature to 100C over 40 minutes, continuing heating treatment at 100C for 30 minutes, reducing the temperature to 60C over 15 minutes, and then dried in air for 24 hours. Stretch-back was measured in term of tension (g). when stretched to 50 per cent.

The results were shown in Table l.

Table l sample Properties of yarn Evaluation of knit Shrinkage percentage Crimp Dcvelopping Ability in Boiling Water Crimpability Crimp lrrcgularity stretch back i 23% 9% good none 97 ll 7'7: l8; poor many streak 54 irregularities As is clearly seen from the result. the treatment according to the invention remarkably enhances crimp producing ability, restrains shrinking percentage in boiling water and gives extremely excellent properties for knitting. On the other hand the single component filament prepared only from copolyamide component of the composite fibertl), was in the same condition as described above drawn and subjected to heat-relax treatment, and then X-ray measurement according to Japanese Patent Publication No. 25507/l967 was conducted. Each of the testing results after drawing filament subjecting to the heat-relaxed treatment and treating by boiling water were summarized in Table 2. The result shows crystallization of said copolyamide in the process of heat-relaxed treatment.

Table 2 under steam atmosphere at 160C. wherein the yarn was heat-relaxed in the heating chamber with a speed of 800m/min. And with 22 percent of heat-relax percentage to give 22d/5l" composite filament (lll) developing percent of latent crimp (number of crimp being ll/25mm).

On the other hand. the same procedure was followed except that using copolyamide with a copolymerization of hexamethylene diammonium adipate to eeaprolactam being /70 by weight and having relative viscosity of 2.41. And there was obtained a composite fiber (IV) of 22d/5f with number of crimps being 1 2/25mm. Crimp developing ability and the evaluation of the fibers (Ill) and (IV) after being knitted and treated by boiling water were shown in Table 3.

After drawing observed by densit-o-meter trace. (one peak) Incomplete in crystalline structure. No peak-separation was EXAMPLE 2 From the copolyamide prepared as in Example I with a copolymerization ratio of hexamethylene diammo- In addition, single-component filaments of copolyamide ingredients of the fibers (ill) and (IV) of the F1- bers (Ill) and (IV) were subjected to X-ray measurement. The result was summarized in Table 4.

Table 3 Properties of yarn Evaluation of knit sample Crimp Developping Ability Shrinking Percentage Crimpability Crimp irregularity stretch back Ill 24% 9); good none lOl lV lSl 9% poor some streak 53 irregularities Table 4 Sample III IV After drawing trace (one peak) After heat incomplete in crystalline structure. No peak relax separation was observed by densibo-meter treatment (one peak) After treatment Possesses crystalline structure separation in boilint of two peaks in I00 plane and Ol0.l l0 plane water was clearly observed by densit-o-metcr trace.

Incomplete in crystalline structure. No peak separation was observed by densit-umeter Incomplete in crystalline structure. No peak separation was observed by densit-o-meter trace (one peak) Prosesses crystalline structure. Separation of two peaks in l00 plane and 010, l 10 plane was clearly observed by densit-ometer trace Possesses crystalline structure. Separation of two peaks in I00 plane and 010. 1 l0 plane was clearly observed by densit-o-me-ter traec For comparison, the yarn having the same composition of (IV) was heat-relaxed-strctched as in the manner of Example l of Japanese Patnet Publication 25507/l967 to obtain composite fiber of 22d/5f. The knitted fabric from thus obtained composite fiber was treated as above mentioned. Crimpability and stretching back ability were good. Crimp developing ability and shrinking percentage in boiling water were 22 percent and 8 percent respectively.

From the above result, in view of crimp developing ability, stretch back of knit and crimping status yarns to be crystallized in heat relax step do not show good result by the treatment of the present invention and show good result by heat-reIaxed-stretching treatment as described in Japanese Patent Application No. 25507/ l 967. Thus, the copolymer of the present invention gives good result only by satisfying the crystallization condition described in the present specification.

Table 5 After Drawing After heatrelaxed Treatment After boilingwater Treatment Incomplete in crystalline structure. No peak-separation was. observed by densito-meter trace. (one peak) Incomplete in crystalline structure. No peak-separation was observed by densit-o-meter (one peak) Crystalline structure was observed. Separation of two peaks at I and 0l0. NO was observed by densit-o-meter EXAMPLE 3 The same procedure for preparing composite yarn as in Example I was followedexeept that the-copolyamide of nylon 66/6 with a copolymerization ratio of 40/60 and having a relativeviscosity of 2.48was employed. From thus obtained non-spun filament composite filaments yarn of 2ld/5f was obtained by following the same procedure for sample (I) of Example 1, except by employing heat-relax treatment in an atmosphere of hot air at 175C. Testing result was 22 percent for crimp developping ability and l 1 percent for shrinking percentage in boiling water. Evaluation of knitted fabric and X-ray measurement gave substantially same result as that for sample (I) of Example 1.

EXAMPLE 4 To I35 Kg of 40 percent aqueous solution of hexamethylene diarnmonium adipate (66 salt) in a 4004 autoclave, was added and dissolved l6 Kg of hexamethylene diarnmonium terephthelete (6T salt) and subsequently was added and dissolved 30 Kg of caprolactam (6M), to obtain the weight ratio of 6M 66 salt 6T salt 30: 54: 16. Then the inside ofthe autoclave was purged with nitrogen for polymerization. The autoclave was heated at 230C for 1 hour, while gradually removing steam and keeping the inside pressure at 17.5 Kg/cm". Then the inside pressure was brought from 17.5 Kg/cm to an atmospheric pressure over a period of 1 hour and heating was continued for 1 hour while flowing nitrogen at an atmospheric pressure for about 1 hour. From thus obtained tricomponent copolyamide of 6/66/6T having relative viscosity of 2.51 as the one component and nylon 66 having relative viscosity of 2.47 as the other component, composite spinning in the same volume ratio of the components was conducted through a kidney-type composite spinneret (in FIG. 1 having ordifices, each with a diameter of 0.3 mmd).

In FIG. I, the copolyamide component is supplied from groove (a), and nylon 66 from grooves (b) and (c). As shown in FIG. 2, thus obtained undrawn filaments are spun to 3.3 times through feed roll 1 and draw roll 3 and then heat relaxed by introducing the drawn yarn to 30 em long-heating chamber 5 under steam at I60C supplied from ejector 4 at the top of heating chamber 5 wherein the yarn was supplied at a speed of 700 m/min and was heat-relaxed at a rate of 23 percent in the heating chamber 5 by adjusting the ...-...---m.- .t M H. H. 4.0.... U H...

EXAMPLE 5 From the tricomponent random copolyamide 6/66/6T prepared as in Example 4 with a copolymerization ratio of e-caprolactam, hexamethylene diammonium adipate and hexamethylene diarnmonium terephthalate being 20/50/30 by weight and having relative viscosity of 2.47 as the one component and nylon 66 having relative viscosity of 2.47 as the other component, composite spinning as in Example 4 was conducted. Thus obtained undrawn filaments were drawn to 3.4 times on a drawing pin heated at 110C (2 in FIG. 2) and then by introducing the drawn yarn at a relax percentage of 21 percent to 30 cm long-heating 35 chamber 5 under steam at 173C wherein steam was supplied from heat ejector at the top of heating chamber 5. The yarn was supplied to the heating chamber 5 under steam at 173C with a speed of l I00 m/min. to obtain 2Id/Sf composite filament with IS% of latent crimp (number of crimps being 9/25 mm). Crimp developing ability and shrinking percentage in boiling water of the filaments yarn were 24 and l 1 percent, respectively. Evaluation of knitted fabric and X-ray measurement gave substantially same result as that of Example EXAMPLE 6 From the tricomponent random copolyamide 6/66/6T prepared as in Example 4 with a copolymerization ratio of e-caprolactam, hexamethylene diammonium adipate and hexamethlene diarnmonium terephthalate being 30/65/5 by weight and having relative viscosity of 2.48 as the one component and nylon 66 having relative viscosity of 2.47 as the other component. composite filament (III) of 22d/5f with number of crimps being I5/2Smm was obtained in the manner as described in Example 4.

On the other hand, using random copolyamide with a copolymerization ratio of e-caprolactam, hexamethylene diarnmonium adipate and hexamethylene diammonium terephthalate being /10/10 and having relative viscosity of 2.46. the composite filament of 22d/5f (IV) with number ofcrimps being l4/25mm was obtained by treating in the same manner as above-mentioned.

Crimp developing ability of filaments and evaluation of knitted prepared and treated by boiling water, as in Example 1, of the filament (Ill) and (IV) were shown in Table 6. In addition, X-ray measurement was made, as

st new..." Ls-- 1 1 12 in Example l,for the fibers (III) and (IV) and the result E was shown in Table 7. XAMPLE 8 Table 6 Properties of yarn Evaluation of knit sample Crimp Developing Ability Shrinking Percentage Crimpability Crimp irregularity Stretch back III 24% 8% good none I l3 IV l77r 8% poor and some streak 56 rough crimp irregularities Table 7 sample III IV After drawing Incomplete in crystalline structure. No peak separation was observed by densit-o-meter trace (one peak) After heat Incomplete in crystalline structure, Nu peak relax separation was observed by dcnsit-o-meter treatment (one peak) After treatment Possesses crystalline structure. Separation in boiling of two peaks in I plane and 0l0,l l0 plane was water clearly observed by densit-o-meter trace For comparison, the yarn having the same composition of (IV) was heat-relaxed-strethced as in the manner of Example 1 of Japanese Patent Publication 25507/l967 to obtain composite fiber of 22d/5f. The knitted fabric from thus obtained composite filaments yarn was treated as mentioned above. Crimpability and stretching back ability of knitteed fabric were good. Crimp developing ability and shrinking percentage in boiling water of the yarn were 23 and 8 percent, respectively.

From the above results, in view of crimp developping ability, stretch back of knitted fabric and crimping status, yarns composed of crystallizable copolymer in the heat relax step do not show good result by the heatrelax treatment of the present invention but show good result by heat-relaxed-stretching treatment as described in Japanese Patent Application 25507/1967. Thus the material of the present invention gives good result only by using specific random copolymer having the crystallization condition, as described in the present specification.

EXAMPLE 7 The same procedure for preparing composite yarn as in Example 4 was followed except that the copolyamide with a copolymerization ratio of e-caprolactam, hexamethylene diammonium adipate and hexamethylene diammonium terephthalate being 40/10/50 by weight and having relative viscosity of 2.50 was employed. Thus obtained undrawn composite filament was drawn to 3.3 times by a drawing pin (2 in FIG. 2) heated at ll0C, introduced to a 30 cm long-heating chamber under steam at l60C wherein steam was supplied from objector 4 at the top of heating chamber 5, and then heat-relaxed, wherein the yarn was supplied to the heating chamber 5 with a speed of 800 m/min. and heat relaxed at 2i percent of relax, to obtain 23d/5f composite filament developing percent of crimp (number of crimps being l4/25 mm Crimp developing ability and shrinking percentage in boiling water of the filaments yarn were and I0 percent, respectively. Evaluation of knit and X-ray measurement gave substantially same result as that of Example 4.

The composite fiber of 2ld/5f was prepared in the same manner as in Example 4 except that undrawn filaments yarn obtained in Example 4 was heat-relaxed in an hot-air atmosphere at 180C. Crimp developping ability and shrinking percentage in boiling water of the filment were 23 and 8 percent, respectively. Evaluation of knit and X-ray measurement gave substantially same result as that of Example 4.

EXAMPLE 9 Undrawn composite fibers were prepared following the same manner as in Example 4, except that nylon 6 was used as homogeneous polyamide, and heat-relaxed in the similar manner to obtain composite filaments of 22 d/Sf with number of crimps being l5l25mm.

Crimp developping ability and shrinking percentage in boiling water of the fiber were 23 and 9 percent, respectively. Evaluation of knit and X-ray measurement gave substantially same result as that of Example 4.

EXAMPLE 10 To ISO Kg of percent aqueous solution of hexamethylene diammonium adipate (66 salt) in an 400-1 autoclave, was added anddissolved 5 Kg of hexamethylene diammonium sebacate and subsequently was added dissolved 35 Kg of e-caprolactam (6M) to obtain the weight ratio of 6M 66 salt 6l0 salt 35 5. Then the inside of the autoclave was purged with nitrogen for polymerization. The autoclave was heated at 230C for 1 hour, while gradually removing steam and keeping the inside pressure at 17.5 Kg/cm? Then, the inside pressure was brought from 17.5 Kg/cm to an atmospheric pressure over a period of 1 hour and heating was further continued for l hour while flowing nitrogen at an atmospheric pressure. From thus obtained tricomponent random copolyamide of 61661610 having relative viscosity of 2.50 as the one component and nylon 66 having relative viscosity of 2.47 as the other component, composite spinning in the same volume ratio of the components was conducted through a kid ney-type composite spinnerct (in FIG. 1) having 5 orifices, each with a diameter of 0.3 mmqb.

In FIG I, the copolyamide component is supplied from groove (a), and nylon 66 from grooves (b) and (c). As shown in FIG. 2, thus obtained undrawn filaments are drawn to 3.5 times through feed roll 1 and draw roll 3 and then heat relaxed by introducing to 25 cm long-heating chamber under steam kept at 155C wherein steam was supplied from ejector 4 at the top of heating chamber 5 and whereby the yarn was supplied at a speed of 800 m/min. and the yarn was heat-relaxed at a rate of 22 percent in the heating chamber 4 by adjusting the speeds of draw roll 3 and delivery roll 6 to give composite fiber (V) of 22d/5f with number of crimps being /25 mm.

For comparison, undrawn yarn of the composite filaments of (VI) prepared in the similar manner as described above, was drawn to 3.5 times to obtain d/5f. Table 8 shows crimp developing ability and shrinking percentage in boiling water of these filaments (V) and (VI), and evaluation of knitted fabric of respective fila- 15 ments yarn with the same condition as in Example I.

Table 8 14 Thus obtained undrawn filaments were drawn to 3.3 times through feed roll I and draw roll 3 as shown in FIG. 2 and then introduced to cm long-heating chamber 5 under steam at 165C supplied from heat ejector 4 at the top of heating chamber 5, wherein the yarn was supplied to the heating chamber 5 with a speed of I000 m/min. and heat relaxed at 20 percent of relax by adjusting the speeds of draw roll 3 and delivery roll 6, to obtain 2ld/5fcomp0site filament produc- IO ing 10 percent of crimp (number of crimps being 7/25 Crimp developing ability and shrinking percentage in boiling water of filaments were 23 and I l percent. respectively. Evaluation of knitted fabric and X-ray measurement gave substantially same result as that of Example 10.

Properties of yarn Evaluation of knit sample Crimp Developing Ability Shrinking Percentage Crimpability Crimp irregularity Stretch back V 23% II)? good none I02 VI 7% 18% poor many streak 57 irregularities As is clear] seen from the result, the treatment acy EXAMPLE l2 cording to the invention remarkably enhances crimp developing ability, restrains shrinking percentage in From the random tricomponent copolyamide boiling water and gives extremely excellent properties for knitting.

On the other hand, the single-component filament prepared only from random copolyamide components of the composite fiber (V) was, in the same condition as described above, drawn and subjected to heat-relax treatment, and then X-ray measurement according to Japanese Patent Publication No. 25507/1967 was conducted Each of the testing results after drawing filament, subjecting to the heat-relax treatment and treating by boiling water were summarized in Table 9. The result shows no crystallization of said copolyamide during heat-relax treatment.

Table 9 6/66/6210 prepared as in Example l0 with a copolymerization ratio of e-caprolactam. hexamethylene diamm onium adipate and hexamethylene diammonium sebacate being 35/50/15 by weight and having relative viscosity of 2.45 as the one component and nylon 66 having relative viscosity of 2.47 as the other component. composite filament (VII) of 22d/5f with number of crimps being l4/2Smm was obtained in the manner as described for sample (V) in Example I0.

On the other hand, using random copolyamide with a copolymerization ratio of e-caprolactam. hexamethylene diammonium adipate and hexamethylene diammonium sebacate being 20/50/30 and having relative vis- After drawing observed by densit-o-meter trace, (one peak) Incomplete in crystalline structure. No peak-separation was cosity of 2.47, the composite filament of 22d/5f (VIII) with number of crimps being 14/25 mm was obtained 6166/6 I 0 prepared as in Example l0 with a copolymerization ratio of e-caprolactam. hexamethylene diammonium adipate and hexamethylene diammonium sebacate being /45/5 by weight and having relative viscosity of 2.53 as the one component and nylon 66 having relative viscosity of 2.47 as the other component, composite spinning as in Example ID was conducted.

by treating in the same manner as above-mentioned.

Crimp developping ability of the filaments and evaluation of knitted fabric, prepared and treated by boiling water as in Example I, of (VII) and (VIII) were shown in Table 10. In addition, X-ray measurement was made for the fibers (VII) and (VIII), and the result was shown in Table II.

Table I0 Properties of yarn Evaluation of knit sample Crimp Developping Ability Shrinking Percentage Crimpability Crimp irregularity stretch back VII 25% I094 good none 96 VIII l6% 9; insulTicientt some streak 55 rough crimp irregularities Table ll sample Vll Vlll After drawing Incomplete in crystalline structure. No peak separation was observed by densit-o-meter trace (one peak) For comparison, the yarn having the same composition of (VIII) was heat-relaxed-stretched as in the manner of Example 1 of Japanese Patent Publication No. 25507/1967 to obtain'composite fiber of 22d/5f. The knitted fabric from thus obtained composite fibers was treated as above mentioned. Crimpability and stretching back ability of knitted fabric were good. Crimp developing ability and shrinking percentage in boiling water were and 8 percent, respectively.

From the above results, in view of crimp developing ability, stretch back of knit and crimping status, yarns crystallizable in heat relax step do not show good result by the treatment of the present invention, and show good result by heat-relaxed-stretching treatment as described in Japanese Patent Publication No. 25507/1967. Good result can be obtained only by using the material of the present invention satisfying the condition described in the present specification.

EXAMPLE 13 The same procedure for preparing composite yarn as in Example 10 was followed except that random tricomponent copolyamide 6/66/610 with a copolymerization ratio of /50/20 by weight and having relative viscosity of 2.49 was used and that nylon 6 having relative viscosity of 2.45 was used as homogeneous polyamide, to obtain undrawn filament. From thus obtained undrawn filament, the composite filaments of 22d/5f with number of crimps 14/25 mm was prepared by following the same manner for sample (V) as described in Example 10, except that the non-spun yarn was drawn and subjected to heat relax treatment in hot air atmosphere at 175C. Crimp developping ability and shrinking percentage in boiling water of the fiber were 23 and 12 percent, respectively. Evaluation of knit and X-ray measurement gave substantially same result as that of the sample (V) of the Example 10.

EXAMPLE 14 To 150 Kg of percent aqueous solution of hexamethylene diammonium adipate (66 salt) in an 4004 aqutoclave, was added and dissolved 10 Kg of the salt of hexamethylene diamine and dodecane dicarboxylic acid (612 salt) and subsequently was added and dis solved 30 Kg of e-caprolactam (6M), to obtain the weight ratio of 6M 66 salt 612 salt 30 10. Then the inside of the autoclave was purged with nitrogen for polymerization. The autoclave was heated at 230C for 1 hour, while gradually removing steam and keeping the inside pressure at 17.5 Kg/cm Then the inside pressure was brought from 17.5 Kg/cm to an atmospheric pressure over a period of 1 hour and heating was continued for 1 hour while flowing nitrogen at an atmospheric pressure for about 1 hour. From thus obtained random tricomponent copolyamide having relative viscosity of 2.45 as the one component and nylon LII Incomplete in crystalline structure. No peak separation was observed by densit-o-mctcr trace (one peak) Possesscs crystalline structure. Separation of two peaks in plane and 010.110 plane was clearly observed by densit-o-meter trace Possesscs crystalline structure. Separation of two peaks in 100 plane and (111),] It) plane was clearly observed by dcnsit-o-metcr trace.

66 having relative viscosity of 2.47 as the other component, composite spinning in the same volume ratio of the components was conducted through a kidney-type composite spinneret (in FIG. 1) having 5 orifices, each with a diameter of 0.3 mmd).

In FIG. 1, the copolyamide component is supplied from groove (a), and nylon 66 from grooves (b) and (c). As shown in FIG. 2, thus obtained non-spun filaments were spun to 3.5 times through feed roll 1 and draw roll 3 and then beat relaxed by introducing to 30 cm long'heating chamber 5 under steam at C wherein steam was supplied from ejector 4 at the top of heating chamber 5 and the yarn was supplied at a speed of 800 m/min.. and the yarn was heat-relaxed at a rate of 23 percent in the heating chamber 5 by adjusting the speeds of draw roll 3 and delivery roll 6 to give 22d/5f composite filament developing 25 percent of crimp with number of crimps being l7/25mm.

Crimp developping ability and shrinking percentage in boiling water of the fiber were 25 and 9 percent, respectively. Evaluation of knitted fabric, crimpability and stretch-back ability were good. The X-ray measurement gave substantially same result as that of the sample (V) of the Example 10.

EXAMPLE 15 From the random tricomponent copolyamide prepared as in Example 14 with a copolymerization ratio of e-caprolactam, hexamethylene diammonium adipate and salt of hexamethylene diamine and dodecane di carboxylic acid being 35/60/5 by weight and having relative viscosity of 246 as the one component and nylon 66 having relative viscosity of 2.47 as the other component, composite spinning as in Example 14 was conducted. Thus obtained undrawn filaments were drawn to 3.5 times and then introduced to 30 cm long-heat chamber 5 under steam atmosphere at 168C, wherein the yarn was supplied with a speed of l 100 m/min. and heat relaxed at 21 percent of relax to obtain 2ld/5f composite filament developing 10 percent of crimp with number of crimps being 7/25 mm.

Crimp developping ability and shrinking percentage in boiling water of the fiber were 24 and 11 percent, re spectively. Evaluation of knit and X-ray measurement gave substantially same result as that of Example 14.

EXAMPLE 16 From the randon tricomponent copolyamide 6/66/612 prepared as in Example 14 with a copolymerization ratio of e-caprolactam, hexamethylene diammonium adipate and the salt of hexamethylene diamine and dodecane dicarboxylic acid being 30/55/15 by weight and having relative viscosity of 2.48 as the one component and nylon 66 having relative viscosity of 2.47 as the other component, composite filaments (IX) 17 of 22d/5f with number of crimps being l7/25mm was obtained in the manner as described in Example l4.

On the other hand. using random tricomponent copolyamide with a copolymerization ratio of /50/30 18 knitted fabric and X-ray measurement gave substantially same result as that of Example 14.

EXAMPLE l8 by weight and having relative viscosity of 2.46 the com- 5 To 240 Kg of percent aqueous solution of hexapositc filament (X) of 22d/5f with number of crimps methylene diammonium sebacate (6l0 salt) in an being l6/25mm was obtained by treating in the same 400-l autoclave, was added and dissolved Kg of manner as above-mentioned. Crimp developping abil hexamethylene diammonium terephthalate (6T salt) ity and evaluation of knit prepared and treated by boiland subsequently was added and dissolved 25 Kg of ing water as in Example l of(lX) and (X) were shown 10 percent aqueous solution of hexamethylene diammoin Table 12. In addition, X-ray measurement was made nium adipate (66 salt), to obtain the weight ratio of 66 for the single-component filament of copolyamide insalt: 6T salt: 6l0 salt 10 30 60. Then the inside of gredients of the fiber (IX) and (X) and the result was the autoclave was purged with nitrogen for the polyshown in Table 13. merization. The autoclave was heated at 230C for I Table 12 Properties of yarn Evaluation of knit sample Crimp Developping Ability Shrinking Percentage Crimpability Crimp irregularity stretch back IX 26% l 1% good none 103 X l7% l0)! poor some streak irregu- 5| larities Table 13 After drawing Incomplete in crystalline structure. No peak Incomplete in crystalline structure. No peak separation was observed by densit-o-meter separation was observed by densit-o-meter trace trace (one peak) (one peak) After heat Incomplete in crystalline structure. No peak Possesses crystalline structure. Separation of relax separation was observed by densit-o-meter two peaks in 100 plane and 010.1 l0 plane was treatment (one peak) clearly observed by densit-o-meter trace After treatment Possesses crystalline structure. Separation Possesses crystalline structure. Separation of in boiling of two peaks in 100 plane and 0l0.l l0 plane two peaks in I00 plane and 010.] [0 plane was water was clearly observed by densit-o-meter trace. clearly observed by densit-o-meter trace.

hour, while gradually removing steam and keeping the For comparison, the filaments yarn having the same inside pressure at 17.5 Kg/cm Then the inside prescomposition of (X) was heat-relaxed-stretched as in sure was brought from l7.5 Kg/cm to an atmospheric the manner of Example I of Japanese Patent Publicapressure over a period of 1 hour and heating was contion No. 25507/l967 to obtain composite fiber of tinued for 1 hour while flowing nitrogen at an atmo- 22d/5f. The knitted fabric from thus obtained compos- 40 spheric pressure. From thus obtained random tricomite fibers was treated as above mentioned. Crimpability ponent copolyamide of 66/6T/6l0 having relative visand stretching back ability of the knitted fabric were cosity of 2.45 as the one component and nylon 66 havgood. Crimp developing ability and shrinking percenting relative viscosity of 2.47 as the other component, age in boiling water of the filaments were 24 and 7 percomposite spinning as in Example l was conducted. cent, respectively. Thus obtained undrawn filaments were drawn to 3.3 From the above results, in view of crimp developping times on a drawing pin heated at l 10C (2 in FIG. 2) ability and stretch back of knit and crimping status, and then by introducing to 30cm long-heating chamber yarns to be crystallized in heat relax step do not show 5 under steam at 165C supplied from heat ejector at good result by the treatment of the present invention the top of heating chamber 5, wherein the yarn was but, show good result by heat-relaxed-stretching treatsupplied to the heating chamber 5 with a speed of ment as described in Japanese Patent Publication No. SOOm/min. and heat-relaxed at 22 percent of relax to 25507/l967. Good result can be obtained only by using obtain 2ld/5f composite filament developing 15 perthe material of the present invention satisfying the concent of crimp (number of crimps being l2/25mm). dition described in the present specification. 5 Crimp developing ability and shrinking percentage in 5 boiling water of the filaments yarn were 23 and l 1 per- EXAMPLE cent. respectively. Evaluation of knitted fabric and The same procedure for preparing composite yarn as X-ray measurement gave substantially same result as in Example 14 was followed except that random trithat for sample (l) of Example 1. com onent copolyamide 6/66/6l2 with a copolymerizati n ratio of 40/55/5 by weight and having relative EXAMPLE viscosity of 2.43. From thus obtained undrawn fila- From the random tricomponent copolyamide ment. the composite fiber of 22d/5f with number of 66/6T/6l0 prepared as in Example 18 with a copolycrimps being l8/25mm was prepared by following the merization ratio of hexamethylene diammonium adisame manner as described in Example 14, except that pate, hexamethylene diammonium terephthalate and undrawn yarn was subjected to heat-relax treatment in hexamethylene diammonium sebacate being 15/25/60 hot air atmosphere at lC. Crimp developing ability and shrinking percentage in boiling water of the yarn were 24 and 10 percent. respectively. Evaluation of by weight and having relative viscosity of 2.43 as the one component and nylon 66 having relative viscosity of 2.47 as the other component. composite fiber of 22d/5f with number of cimps being l4/25mm (IX) was obtained as in Example 18.

On the other hand, using random copolyamide 66/6T/6l0 with a copolymerization ratio of 20/20/60 by weight and having relative viscosity of 2.45, the composite filament of 22d/5f (XII) with number of crimps being l4/25mm was obtained by treating in the same manner as above-mentioned.

Crimp developing ability of the filaments yarn and evaluation of knitted fabric prepared and treated by boiling water as in Example l of (XI) and (XII) were shown in Table I4. In addition, X-ray measurement was made for the fibers (XI) and (XII) and the result was shown in Table 15.

20 knit and X-ray measurement gave substantially same result as that for sample (XI) of Example 19.

EXAMPLE 21 To 220 Kg of 25 percent aqueous solution of the salt of hexamethylene diamine and dodecane dicarboxylic acid (612 salt) in an 400-1 autoclave, was added and dissolved 35 Kg of hexamethylenee diammonium terephthalate (6T salt) and subsequently was added and dissolved 25 Kg or 40 percent aqueous solution of hcxamethylene diammonium adipatc (66 salt), to ob tain the weight ratio of 66salt 6T salt 6l2 salt 10 35 55. From thus obtained tricomponent copolyamide of 66/T/6l2 prepared as in Example l8 having Table 14 sample Properties of yarn Evaluation of knit Crimp Developping Ability Shrinking Percentage Crimpability Crimp Irregularity stretch back XI 25% 9% good none 1 l l XII l6% 8% poor some streak 60 irrcgularities Table 15 Sample XI XII After drawing Incomplete in crystalline structure. No peak separation was observed by densit-o-meter trace (one peak) After heat Incomplete in crystalline structure. No peak relax separation was observed by densit-o-meter treatment (one peak) After treatment Possesses crystalline structure. Separation in boiling of two peaks in 100 plane and 0l0,1l0 plane water was clearly observed by densit-o-meter trace.

For comparison, the yarn having the same composition of (XII) was heat-relaxed-stretched as in the man ner of Example 1 of Japanese Patent Publication No. 25507/1967 to obtain composite fiber of 22d/5f. The knitted fabric from thus obtained composite yarn was treated as above mentioned. Crimpability and stretching back ability of the knitted fabric were good. Crimp developing ability and shrinking percentage in boiling water were 24 and 9 percent, respectively.

From the above results, in view of crimp developing ability and stretch back of knit and crimping status, yarns to be crystallized in heat relax step do not show good result by the treatment of the present invention and shown good result by heabrelated-stretching treatment as described in Japanese Patent Publication No. 25507/1967. Good result can be obtained only by using the material of the present invention satisfying the condition described in the present specification.

EXAMPLE The same procedure for preparing composite yarn as in Example 18 was followed except that bicomponent copolyamide 6T/6l0 with a copolymerization ratio of 20/80 by weight and having relative viscosity of 2.5L From thus obtained undrawn composite filament, the composite fiber of 20d/5f with number of crimps being l3/25mm was prepared by following the same manner as described in Example l8, except that undrawn yarn was drawn and subjected heat-relax treatment in hot air atmosphere at I80C. Crimp developing ability and shrinkking percentage in boiling water of filament yarn were 25 and 10 percent, respectively. Evaluation of relative viscosity of 2.43 as the one component and nylon 66 having relative viscosity of 2.47 as the other component, composite spinning as in Example I was conducted. Thus obtained undrawn filaments were drawn 3.3 times on a drawing pin heated at I 10C (2 in FIG. 2) and then heat relaxed as in Example 18 to obtain 22d/5f of composite fiber with number of crimpsbeing 13/25mm. Crimp developping ability and shrinking percentage in boiling water of the fiber were 25 and 9 percent, respectively. Crimpability and stretching back ability of the knitted fabric therefrom were good. Evaluation of knit and X-ray measurement gave substantially same result as that of Example I.

EXAMPLE 22 From the random tricomponent copolyamide 66/6T/6l2 prepared as in Example 21 with a copolymerization ratio of 25/35/40 by weight having relative viscosity of 2.46 as the one component and nylon 66 having relative viscosity of 2.47 as the other component, composite filament (XIII) of 20d/5f with number of crimps being l3/25mrn was obtained in the manner as described in Example I8. On the other hand, using copolyamide 66/6T/6l2 with a copolymerization ratio being 35/25/40 by weight and having relative viscosity of 2.47. the composite filament (XIV) of 20d/5f with number of crimps being l4/2Smm was obtained by treating in the same manner as above mentioned.

Crimp developping ability and evaluation of knit prepared and treated by boiling water as in Example I of (XIII) and (XIV) were shown in Table I6. In addition. X-ray measurement was made for the fibers (XIII) and (XIV), and the result was shown in Table I7.

Properties of yarn Evaluation of knit sample Crimp Dcvelopping Ability Shrinking Percentabe Crimpability Crimp irregularity stretch back Ill 23% I% good none I I0 XIV [771 9% insufficient some streak 6l irregularities Table 17 Sample Xlll XlV Incomplete in crystalline structure. No peak separation was observed by densito-meter trace (one peak) After drawing After heat Incomplete in crystalline structure. No peak relax separation was observed by densit-o-meter treatment (one peak) After treatment Possesses crystalline structure. Separation in boiling of two peaks in I00 plane and OIO. IIO plane water was clearly observed by densit-o-meter trace.

For comparison, the yarn having the same composition of(Xl\ was heat-relaxed-stretched as in the manner of Example I of Japanese Patent Publication No. 25507/l967 to obtain composite fiber of 20d/5f. The knitted fabric from thus obtained composite fibers was treated as above mentioned. Crimpability and stretching back ability were good. Crimp developing ability and shrinking percentage in boiling water were 24 and 8 percent, respectively.

From the above results, in view of crimp developping ability, stretch back of knit and crimping status. yarns to be crystallized in heat relax step do not show good result by the treatment of the present invention but show good result by heat-relaxed-stretching treatment as described in Japanese Patent Publication No. 25507/1967. Good result can be obtained only by using the material of the present invention satisfying the condition described in the present specification.

EXAMPLE 23 The same procedure for preparing composite yarn as in Example I was followed except that copolyamide tricomponent copolyamide 66/6T/6l 2 with a copolymerization ratio of /35/60 by weight and having relative viscosity of 2.48. From thus obtained non-spun filament, the composite fiber of 22d/5f with number of crimps being 13/2Smm was prepared by following the same manner as described in Example 18, except that undrawn yarn was drawn and subjected to heat-relax treatment in hot air atmosphere at 180C.

Crimp developping ability and shrinking percentage in boiling water of the filaments yarn were 24 and ll percent, respectively. Crimpability and stretching back ability of the knitted fabric were good. Evaluation of knit and X-ray measurement gave substantially same result as that for sample (I) of Example l.

EXAMPLE 24 From the tricomponent random copolyamide 6/66/6T as in Example 4 with a copolymerization ratio of 30/30/40 by weight and having relative viscosity of 2.53 as the one component and nylon 6 having relative viscosity 2.45 as the other component, composite spinning as in Example 4 was conducted. Thus obtained un drawn filaments were drawn to 3.3 time on a drawing pin heated at l C (2 in FIG. 2) and then by introducing to 30cm long-heating chamber under steam at l73C. wherein the steam was supplied from heat ejector at the top of heating chamber 5 and the yarn was supplied with a speed of 800m/min.. and heat-relaxed at 24 percent of relax. to obtain 23d/5f composite filament developing 30 percent of crimp with number of crimp being 2l/25mm. Crimp developping ability and shrinking percentage in boiling water of the filaments yarn were 27 and I0 percent, respectively. Evaluation of knitted fabric in terms of crimpability and stretchback ability were good. X-ray measurement gave substantially same result as that of Example 4.

EXAMPLE 25 The same procedure as in Example 4 was followed except that random tricomponent copolyamide 6/66/6T with a copolymerization ratio of 50/4/45 by weight and having relative viscosity of 2.45 was used as the one component, and the composite fiber of 2ld/5f with number of crimps being l7/25mm was obtained. Crimp developping ability and shrinking percentage in boiling water of the yarn were 27 and I0 percent, respectively. Evaluation of knitted fabric in terms of crimpability and stretch-back ability were good. X-ray measurement gave substantially same result as that of Example 4.

EXAMPLE 26 From the tricomponent random copolyamide of 6/66/6T prepared as in Example 4 with a copolymerization ratio of 15/65/20 by weight and having relative viscosity of 2.53 as the one component and nylon 66 having relative viscosity of 2.47 as the other component. composite spinning was conducted through a kidneytype composite spinneret as shown in FIG. 1 having l5 orifices, each with a diameter of O.5mmd

In FIG. 1, the copolyamide component is supplied from groove (a), and nylon 66 from grooves (b) and (c). As shown in FIG. 2, thus obtained undrawn filaments were spun to 3.3 times through feed roll I and draw roll 3 and then heat relaxed by introducing to 30cm long-heating chamber 5 under steam at C wherein the steam was supplied from ejector 4 at the top of heating chamber 5 and the yarn was supplied at a speed of 900m/min and the yarn was heat-relaxed at a rate of I9 percent of relax to give l600d/60f composite filament with number of crimps being 5/25mm.

Crimp developping ability and shrinking percentage in boiling water of the fiber were l5 and 8 percent, respectively.

23 Thus obtained filament yarn was twisted 40T/m. and tufted carpet with sufficient bulky touch was prepared under the condition with pile length being 8mm and the weight being 750 g/m". It was observed that thus obtained carpet had extremely superior tufting properties. The number of crimps after dyeing was l7/25mm.

EXAMPLE 27 The same procedure as in Example 26 was followed except that tricomponent random copolyamide 6/66/6T with a copolymerization ratio of /50/40 by weight and having relative viscosity of 2.5 l was used as the one component to obtain undrawn filament. After drawing 3.3 times on a drawing pin heated at [C (2 in FIG. 2), the yarn was then heat relaxed to obtain composite fiber of l600d/60f with number of crimps being 3/25mm. Crimp developping ability and shrink ing percentage in boiling water of the fiber were l3 and 7 percent. respectively. The carpet prepared as in Example 26 from thus obtained composite yarns was rich in bulkiness with superior quality. It was confirmed that the yarn was extremely excellent in tufting properties.

EXAMPLE 28 From the random tricomponent copolyamide 66/6T/6l0 as in Example l8 with copolymerization ratio of 50/30/20 by weight and having relative viscos ity of 2.54 as the one component and nylon 66 having relative viscosity of 2.47 as the other component. composite spinning as in Example 26 was conducted. Thus obtained undrawn filament were drawn to 3.3 times on a drawing pin heated at l20C (2 in FIG. 2) and then by introducing to 30cm long-heating chamber under steam at [70C, wherein the steam was supplied from ejector 4 at the top of heating chamber 5 and the yarn was supplied with a speed of 900m/min., and heatrelaxed at 18 percent of relax. to obtain composite fiber of 1600d/60f with number of crimps being 3/25mm. Crimp developing ability and shrinking percentage in boiling water of the filaments yarn were l4 and 8 percent, respectively. The carpet prepared as in Example 26 from thus obtained composite yarns was rich in bulkiness with superior quality. It was confirmed that the yarn was also extremely excellent in tufting properties.

EXAMPLE 29 The same procedure as in Example 28 was followed except that random tricomponent copolyamide 66/6T/610 with a copolymerization ratio of 40/30/30 by weight and having relative viscosity of 2.45 was used as the one component, and the composite filaments yarn of l600d/60f with number of crimps being 4/25mm was obtained. Crimp developing ability and shrinking percentage in boiling water of the; fiber were l4 and 9 percent, respectively. Carpet prepared as in Example 26 from thus obtained yarns was rich in bulkiness and highly rcsilent with superior quality. The yarn was also extremely excellent in tufting properties.

EXAMPLE 30 The same procedure as in Example 28 was followed except that random tricomponent copolyamide 66/6T/6l0 with a copolymerization ratio of /30/45 by weight and having relative viscosity of 2.5] was used as the one component, and the composite filaments of l600d/60f with number of crimps being 6/25mm was obtained. Crimp developing ability and shrinking per- 24 centage in boiling water of the yarn were 15 and 7 percent, respectively. Carpet prepared as in Example 26 from thus obtained yarns was rich in bulkiness and highly resilient with superior quality. The yarn was also extremely excellent in tuft properties.

EXAMPLE 3] The same procedure as in Example 26 was followed except that random tricomponent copolyamide 66/6T/6l2 with a copolymerization ratio of /30/20 by weight and having relative viscosity of 2.42 was used as the one component, to obtain undrawn composite yarn. Then, the yarn was drawn and subjected to heatrelax treatment as in Example 28, to obtain composite filaments yarn of l600d/f with number of crimps being 5/25mm. Crimp developing ability and shrinking percentage in boiling water of the yarn were l4 and 8 percent, respectively. Carpet prepared as in Example 26 from thus obtained yarns was rich in bulkiness and highly reesilient with superior quality. The yarn was also extremely excellent in tufting properties.

EXAMPLE 32 The same procedure as in Example 3! was followed except that tricomponent copolyamide 66/6T/6I 2 with a copolymerization ratio of 35/35/30 by weight and having relative viscosity of 2.52 was used the one component, and the composite fiber of l600d/60f with number of crimps being 8/25mm was obtained. Crimp developping ability and shrinking percentage in boiling water of the fiber were l5 and 9 percent, respectively. Carpet prepared as in Example 26 from thus obtained yarns was rich in bulkiness and highly resilient with superior quality. It was confirmed that the yarn was also extremely excellent in tufting properties.

EXAMPLE 33 Undrawn yarn was prepared as in Example 4 from random tricomponent copolyamide of 6/66/6T with a copolymerization ratio by weight of 20/30/50 and having relative viscosity of 2.55 as the one component and nylon 66 having relative viscosity of 2.47 as the other component. Thus obtained undrawn composite filament was drawn to 3.3 times by a drawing pin (2 in FIG. 2) heated at l l0C, introduced to a 30cm longheating chamber 5 under steam atmosphere at C, supplied from ejector 4 at the top of heating chamber 5 and then heat-relaxed, wherein the yarn was supplied to the heating chamber 5 with a speed of 800m/min. and heat relaxed at 23 percent of relax, to obtain 2ld/5f composite filament developping 20 percent of latent crimp with number of crimps being l3/25mm. Crimp developping ability and shrinking percentage in boiling water of the fiber were 25 and l 1 percent, respectively. Evaluation of knit and X-ray measurement gave substantially same result as that of Example 4.

What is claimed is:

l. A crimpable partially heat relaxed composite nylon filament comprising eccentrically arranged homopolyamide and random copolyamide components, the homopolyamide component being selected from the group consisting of nylon 6, nylon 1], nylon 12, nylon 66, nylon 6 l 0 and nylon 61 2, the random copolyamide component being non-crystalline and being made up of monomeric units of a. nylon 6 and nylon 66 containing 30 to 60 weight percent of nylon 6,

b. nylon 6, nylon 66 and nylon 6T of a composition falling within the shaded area of FIG. 3, c. nylon 6, nylon 66 and nylon 6l0 ofa composition falling within the shaded area of FIG. 4, d. nylon 6, nylon 66 and nylon 6| 2 ofa composition falling within the shaded area of FIG. 5,

e. nylon 66, nylon 6T and nylon 610 ofa composition falling within the shaded area of FIG. 6, or

f. nylon 66, nylon 61 and nylon 6i 2 ofa composition falling within the shaded area of FIG. 7.

2. A filament according to claim 1, wherein the random copolyamide component comprises monomeric units of nylon 6 and nylon 66 containing to 60 weight percent of nylon 6.

3. A filament according to claim 1, wherein the random copolyamide component comprises monomeric units of nylon 6, nylon 66 and nylon 6T of a composition falling within the shaded area of FIG. 3.

4. A filament according to claim I, wherein the random copolyamide component comprises monomeric units of nylon 6, nylon 66 and nylon 610 of a composition falling within the shaded area of FIG. 4.

5. A filament according to claim I, wherein the random copolyamide component comprises monomeric units of nylon 6, nylon 66 and nylon 6l2 ofa composition falling within the shaded area of FIG. 5.

6. A filament according to claim I, wherein the random copolyamide component comprises monomeric units of nylon 66, nylon 6T and nylon 610 of a composition falling within the shaded area of FIG. 6.

7. A filament according to claim I, wherein the random copolyamide component comprises monomeric units of nylon 66. nylon 6T and nylon 6 I 2 of a composition falling within the shaded area of FIG. 7.

8. A filament according to claim I, wherein the filament has 5 to 30 percent of crimp developing ability, less than I5 percent shrinkage in boiling water and a difference of at least 10 percent in the boiling water shrinkages of the homopolyamide and copolyamide components.

9. The process for producing a composite filament according to claim 8, comprising extruding melts of the homopolyamide and copolyamide components to form an eccentrically arranged filament, drawing the filament, and heat relaxing the drawn filament about I5 to 25 percent under conditions which do not crystallize the random copolyamide component, whereby the filament develops 5 to 30 percent of crimp developing ability, less than l5 percent shrinkage in boiling water and a difference of at leastlO percent in the boiling water shrinkages of the homopolyamide and copolyamide components.

l II l l

Patent Citations
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US3399108 *Jun 18, 1965Aug 27, 1968Du PontCrimpable, composite nylon filament and fabric knitted therefrom
US3551277 *Sep 28, 1967Dec 29, 1970Kanebo LtdHighly crimpable polyamide composite filaments
US3607610 *Jan 30, 1968Sep 21, 1971Asahi Chemical IndCrimped composite filaments of polycaprolactam or polyhexamethylene adipamide, and a terpolyamide of e-caprolactam, hexamethylenediammonium adipate, hexamethylene diammonium sebacate
US3620904 *Jul 23, 1970Nov 16, 1971Kanegafuchi Spinning Co LtdHighly crimpable polyamide composite filaments
US3779853 *Jan 5, 1972Dec 18, 1973Du PontCrimpable bicomponent filament
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4277433 *Feb 1, 1980Jul 7, 1981Inventa Ag Fur Forschung Und PatentverwertungProcess for ternary polyamide filaments
US4302507 *Mar 21, 1980Nov 24, 1981Rhone-Poulenc TextileTwo-constituent polyamide filament and the process for its production
US4521484 *Jun 7, 1984Jun 4, 1985E. I. Du Pont De Nemours And CompanySelf-crimping polyamide filaments
US5352518 *Aug 25, 1993Oct 4, 1994Kanebo, Ltd.Composite elastic filament with rough surface, production thereof, and textile structure comprising the same
US6413635Jul 25, 2000Jul 2, 2002Solutia Inc.Elastic nylon yarns
US7261849May 7, 2003Aug 28, 2007Solutia, Inc.Tacky polymer melt spinning process
EP2531545A2 *Jan 31, 2011Dec 12, 2012Invista Technologies S.A R.L.Bio-based terpolymers and process of making the same
WO2002008503A2 *Jul 25, 2001Jan 31, 2002Solutia IncElastic nylon yarns
Classifications
U.S. Classification428/373, 428/370, 28/263
International ClassificationD01F8/12
Cooperative ClassificationD01F8/12
European ClassificationD01F8/12