Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3902948 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 2, 1975
Filing dateJun 13, 1974
Priority dateJun 13, 1974
Publication numberUS 3902948 A, US 3902948A, US-A-3902948, US3902948 A, US3902948A
InventorsJose Morros
Original AssigneeJose Morros
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Apparatus and method for forming curved stairways
US 3902948 A
Abstract
The invention relates to an apparatus in the form of a jig and a method for forming a curving stairway. The jig comprises a generally circular center supporting post with a plurality of radially extending horizontal arms mounted thereon. These arms are swingably mounted on the post in a vertically stacked arrangement and are angularly displaceable from each other to form a helical path. Upwardly extending retainer members are mounted on the arms and these members with the arms therebetween form a jig defining the path of the stairway. The retainers serve to retain inner and outer concentrically curved plates forming ends of stair treads which are assembled between the plates. A complete stairway of wood, concrete or metal can be constructed on the jig, after which the jig is separated from the completed stairway to be used for the construction of another stairway.
Images(4)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent 1 1 1111 3,902,948

Morros Sept. 2, 1975 APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR FORMING Primary IitaminerAl Lawrence Smith CURVED STAIRWAYS Assislanl E.\wniner.lames G. Smith [76] Inventor: Jose Morros, 2933 Toronto Cr.,

Calgary, Alberta, Canada 7 [57] ABSTRACT [22] Filed: June 13, 1974 The invention relates to an apparatus in the form of a jig and a method for forming a curving stairway. The

[2]] Appl. No.2 479,08 jig comprises a generally circular center supporting post with a plurality of radially extending horizontal 52 us. 01. 156/222; 156/443; 52/187; arms mounted These arms are swingably 249/I4; 264/35; 269/321 S mounted on the post in vertically stacked arrange- 1 Int. B32B 31/20; B28B 7/22; E040 13/06 merit and are angularly dlsplaceable from each other [58] Field of Search 52/182, 183, 187. 188. form helm Upwardly extending lemme 52/191: 156/222, 443; 249/14; 264/35; members are mounted on the arms andthese members 269/321 S with the arms therebetween form a 11g definmg the path of the stairway. The retainers serve to retain inner and outer concentrically curved plates forming [56] References Cited ends of stair treads which are assembled between the UNITED STATES PATENTS plates. A complete stairway of wood concrete or l 239,462 9/l9l7 Clinkunbroomer 249/l4 metal can be onstructed on [he after [he [774582 9/1930 wmdbridge 52/187 is separated from the completed stairway to be used 28l8945 H1958 Holler 52/191 for the construction of another stairwa 3418.770 l2/l968 Allmand 7 52/187 y 13 Claims, 14 Drawing Figures W ll PATEMEU 75 saw 1 OF 4 PATENTED 21975 3 902 948 saw 2 BF 4 PATENTED 2|975 3 902 948 saw 3 [1F 4 I pm i PATENTED 2|975 3,902,948

sum u 0f {1 APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR FORMING CURVED STAIRWAYS BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION l. Field of the Invention The invention relates to an apparatus in the form of a jig and a method for forming curved stairways. More particularly, it relates to a jig which is readily adjustable and is separted from an assembled stairway after construction is completed for re-use.

2. Summary of the Prior Art Spiral stairways have been known since ancient times and have typically been constructed with a central support post or newel having a series of stacked segment shaped steps radiating out from this central newel in angularly displaced positions. This type of spiral stairway is satisfactory for a confined area but it is evident that the inner portion of each step in the region adjacent the newel cannot be used as a part of the stair treads. Also. this type of stairs tends to have a very short radius making them both awkward to use and unattractive in appearance. A typical spiral stairway of the classical type is described in Allmand U.S. Pat. No. 3.148.770 issued Dec. 31. 1968.

In terms of appearance and the practical utilization of all of each stair tread. the so-called flying spiral" stairway has long been popular. They have been highly desirable in entrance halls of homes and also in public buildings where a processional stairway may be desired. A typical form of flying spiral stairway is shown in Lappin U.S. Pat. No. 3.473.275 issued Oct. 21. I969. The great difficulty with the flying spiral stairway is that it is extremely difficult and expensive to construct. There are very few workmen who have the skill and knowledge required to construct the complex curves necessary and even for highly skilled workmen. this construction is extremely time consuming. The result is that the flying spiral stairway is rarely used in modern construction.

U.S. Pat. No. 3.473.275 represents one attempt to overcome these problems by constructing a kind of prefabricated stairway that can be assembled on location. However. it will be evident that this kind of construction is only suitable for metal stairways and has absolutely no versatility in terms of types of material. shapes. etc.

It is the object of the present invention to provide a novel apparatus and method which will permit the construction of curved stairways incorporating the flying spiral using traditional building materials and without requiring highly skilled craftsmen.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION Thus. in accordance with the present invention there is provided an apparatus for forming a curved stairway comprising:

a generally circular vertical center supporting post with a plurality of radially extending horizontal arms mounted on said post. said arms being swingably mounted on said post in a vertically stacked arrangement and being angularly displaceable from each other to form a helical path. Upwardly extending retainer members are mounted on the arms and these retainer members serve to retain inner and outer concentrically curved stringers forming ends of stair treads which are assembled between the plates. The combination of radial arms and retainers is utilized as a form or jig during construction and is then separated from the completed stairway to be used again for further construction.

The jig can be set up as a permanent arrangement in a factory for the manufacture of curved stairways or it can be of a portable type which can be simply assembled on location between two floors of a building and a curving stairway can then be conveniently constructed on site. In order to retain each radial arm in a perfectly horizontal position. it is normal to use vertical supports at locations distal from the center support post and these can conveniently be in the form of the usual scaffolding material. Similar scaffolding rods and clamps can be utilized for the lateral spacing of these support rods thereby fixing the angular spacing of the radial arms withe respect to each other.

The upwardly extending retainer members on the arms are preferably movable along the length of each arm and a pair of such retainer members are normally used on each arm for defining the location of the inner and outer concentrically curved stringers forming the ends of the stair treads. These retainers can be infinitely variable in their location along each radial arm or a series of spaced holes can be provided which interlock with the retainers.

The apparatus and method of this invention can be utilized to construct curving stairways of widely differing materials and can. for instance. be used for constructing wooden stairways with either open or closed risers. concrete stairways. metal stairways. etc. For each type of stairway the basic concept is the same. namely that the radial arms and retainers are positioned to define the incline and curvature of the path to be followed by the stairway and then the stairway is simply constructed within the form or mold created by the positioned arms and retainersv While the discussion of the above has primarily been concerned with a curving stairway of the flying spiral type. it will also be appreciated that the apparatus and method of this invention is adaptable to many different shapes including construction involving a reverse curve as well as constructions utilizing intermediate straight portions. Thus. a pair of central posts can be used so that the form will travel in one direction around one post and then reverse its direction as it travels around the second post. According to another arrangement a pair of central posts can again be used but with the same direction of curve around each post and a straight intermediate section joining the portions surrounding the post. Such straight intermediate section can be supported by standard scaffolding.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS According to one preferred embodiment of the invention. the retainer members mounted on the radial arms can each be in the form of a U-member having a pair of upstanding posts with a narrow gap therebetween. The gaps between these pairs of posts then form helical paths within which can be constructed the curved plates forming the stringers for a curving stairway. For instance. laminated wooden curved plates can be assembled between these posts and glued and clamped to form rigid curving laminated wooden stringers. With this form of construction, the retainer members are preferably articulated so that the post adjacent the stairway can be swung out of the way after the completion of the manufacture of the curved plates. Then with the plates being held into engagement with the remaining posts. the stair treads can be mounted across between these curved plates and assembled together either by recessing of the treads into the plates or by the use of connecting brackets. If desired. risers can also be inserted at this time. After the assembly of the curving side stringers and treads has been completed. the stairway can be separated from the jig and this can then be used for the construction of another stairway.

According to another preferred embodiment of the invention. the radial arms and vertical retainer members can be set up in generally the same manner as was done for the wooden construction. However, in this case. only single uprights are necessary for each retainer and thin end plates are fixed to these upstanding retainers to form curving sides for a concrete form. A deck of sheet material is also laid on the arms between the retainers to form the bottom of the form. Once this form has been constructed. a set of concrete steps can be constructed within the form in the usual manner. after which the form is removed to leave a free standing curving concrete stairway.

Details of commercial embodiments of the invention are illustrated by the following drawings in which.

FIG. 1 is an elevation view of the apparatus according to the invention;

FIG. In is a perspective view of the apparatus;

FIG. 2 is a top plan view of the arrangement shown in FIG. 1:

FIG. 3 is a detailed view of the forming of a laminated curved stringer;

FIG. 4 is an end elevation of the view shown in FIG. 3:

FIG. 5 is an end elevation showing the retainer in open position;

FIG. 6 is an elevation showing the construction of a wooden stairway:

FIG. 6a is a plan view of a step;

FIG. 7 is a perspective view showing the connection of a stair tread to a side plate:

FIG. 8 is an end view of FIG. 7 in partial section;

FIG. 9 is an elevation showing an embodiment for constructing concrete stairways;

FIG. 10 is an elevation showing details of an alternative form of radial arm:

FIG. II is a cross-sectional view of the arm of FIG. 10; and

FIG. 12 is a cross-sectional view showing preformed treads and risers which can be used in the construction of concrete stairways.

Referring now to FIG. I. we see a vertical circular post 10 which forms the central post for the jig assembly. Mounted on this post 10 are a series of radial arms 1 I and these can be conveniently of metal construction having a sleeve I2 welded on the inner end. Each sleeve 12 fits over post 10 so that the arms can be stacked on the post in a manner shown in FIG. I. The ends of the arms distal from post I0 are supported by vertical scaffolding members 13 and clamp members I4. The angular spacing of the arms II can be fixed by means of horizontal bracing members 15. Each arm 1 I can have extending along the length thereof a series of laterally spaced holes 16.

Mounted on each arm 11 are a pair of spaced retainer members 17 and as best can be seen from FIGS. 3, 4 and 5. these retainer members can be conveniently constructed with channel members 18 which rest on the top edge of arms 11 and can be fixed in position on the arms by means of pins extending through holes 23 in the channel members I8 and the holes 16 of arms 11. Rigidly fixed to these channel members I8 are vertical tube members 19 and extending between the vertical tubes 19 and the channel members 18 are angular reinforcing braces 20. Extending across between the top ends of tubes 19 is a cross bar 21 which is pivotally connected at both ends by removable pivot pins 22.

When the radial arms have been fixed into the desired position for the location of a stairway and the retainers I7 have been all positioned on the arms to define the outer edges of the stairway. construction can begin. In the construction of a wooden stairway, the first step is to make laminated stringer plates 24, for instance using A inch plywood. The laminating strips are cut and glued and placed in position in the mold formed by the retainers 17 and arms I9. The laminate is then clamped and allowed to set and the clamping is most conveniently done by placing a stiffener board 25 against the inner vertical posts of each retainer 17 and placing pressure tubing 26 between the stiffener board and laminated stringer 24. Air pressure is then applied to these tubes via air line 27 and this provides a uniform pressure against the laminated stringer 24 along its entire length. This pressure is maintained until the glue has set and then the pressure is released and the tubes 26 and stiffening board 27 are removed. leaving the rigid stringer 24 in position. For removing the stiffener board 25 and tubes 26. the retainer is opened as illustrated in FIG. 5 and it is left in this open position for the continuation of the wood construction.

For the continuation of the construction. a series of treads 29 are cut to a shape shown in FIG. 6a and these are fixed in position between the stringers 24. This can be done by the cutting of recesses into the stringers and nailing or bracket members 30 can be used as shown in FIGS. 7 and 8. The bracket members are particularly convenient if the stairs are to be constructed with open risers but. alternatively. with either construction a closed riser 28 can be inserted.

When the entire wooden stairway has been completed in the above manner. the arms and retainers can be separated from the stairway and the stairway can then either remain in location if constructed on site. or be removed for transporting to a construction site.

When the method and apparatus of the invention is to be used for constructing concrete Stairways. one embodiment that can be utilized is that shown in FIGS. 9 to 12. In this embodiment a different construction of the radial arms II is shown and in this case they are constructed from wood since this will be lighter and easier to assemble for on site construction which is typically used for concrete stairways. Each arm 11 has a timber member 32 sandwiched at its inner end between a pair of steel plates 33 which are in turn connected to collar member 12 which fits over the post 10. Because the timber arms tend to be deeper than the rise between adjacent arms. a notch can be provided at the inner ends as illustrated to allow for the overlap. These arms are supported at the outer ends by the posts I3 and brackets 14 with the cross bracing 15 to fix the angular position.

Also for portability and ease of assembly of the jig on site. the central post I0 can be made from a series of short tubular post members which connect end to end.

Thus. to assemble the jig. a first short post member can be positioned vertically in a support on the floor and a series of arms 11 are then stacked on the post. Then. another short post member is mounted on top of the first post and another series of arms 11 are stacked in position. This is continued until the complete jig is assembled.

For the concrete construction. the retainer members used previously can be utilized in the open position or a simpler single post type of retainer can be used as illustrated in FIG. 9. Relatively thin plywood strips 35 an be used to construct the sides of a form and these are fixed against the retainers 36. A plywood deck 38 is then laid between the side pieces 35 to complete the curving form. Steel reinforcing rods can then be positioned above the deck and the construction of concrete steps can then proceed in the usual manner.

It has been found to be particularly convenient to precast special tread and riser units 39 having a riser portion 40 and a tread portion 41. These are placed in position between the curving side pieces 35 and are held in position by end blocks 42 and 43 which are connected to the end plates 35. When each precast unit 39 is in position. the cement mix 44 is poured and compacted in the area behind the precast unit and then the next precast unit is placed in position and more cement is poured and compacted behind the next unit. This procedure then continues to the top of the stairway. After the cement is set. the form. including the radial arms and posts. is removed leaving a free standing concrete stairway.

I claim:

1. An apparatus for forming a curved stairway comprising:

a. a generally circular vertical center supporting post:

b. a plurality of radially extending horizontal arms mounted on said post. said arms being vertically stacked on said post and being horizontally swingable for angular displacement with respect to each other. thereby forming a helical path: and

c. upwardly extending retainer members mounted on said arms. said retainer members and arms forming thercbetween a jig defining the path of the stairway with said retainer members serving to retain inner and outer concentrically curved plates forming ends of stair treads which are assembled between the plates to construct a stairway.

said retainers. arms and post being separable from the constructed stairway for re-use.

2. An apparatus according to claim 1 wherein load supports for said arms are provided distal from the post.

3. An apparatus according to claim 2 wherein lateral bracing members are provided for fixing the angular displacement of the arms.

4. An apparatus according to claim I wherein each retainer member is movable along an arm.

5. An apparatus according to claim 1 wherein each retainer member comprises a pair of upstanding posts with a small gap therebetween, said gap being adapted to receive and retain the curving plates.

6. An apparatus according to claim 5 wherein each post is rigidly fixed to a base member which is adjustably fixed to an arm.

7. An apparatus according to claim 6 wherein a cross bar is pivotally connected between the upper ends of said posts across the gap.

8. An apparatus according to claim 1 wherein each arm includes at one end thereof a tubular sleeve member which swingably mounts on said post.

9. An apparatus according to claim 8 wherein said sleeve members rest on each other in stacked relationship.

]0. An apparatus according to claim 8 wherein each arm includes at the end remote from said sleeve a clamp member for receiving and holding a vertical support.

11. A method olconstructing a curved stairway which comprises:

a. aligning ajig having a plurality of vertically stacked radially extending horizontal arms mounted on a vertical post such that the arms are angularly displaced with respect to each other to form a helical path:

b. positioning a pair of substantially vertical retainer members in spaced relationship on each arm whereby the retainers on the plurality of arms form a jig defining the path of a curving stairway:

c. positioning stringer members adjacent said retainers and resting on said arms;

d. constructing steps between said stringers to form a self-supporting stairway. and

c. separating the jig from the constructed stairway.

12. A method according to claim I] wherein the stringers are constructed in the jig by laminating wood strips and step treads are permanently fixed to the stringers to form the stairway.

13. A method according to claim 1] wherein the stringers are strips of sheet material and a deck of sheet material is placed on said arms between the stringers to create a concrete mold. concrete steps are constructed within said mold to produce a selfsupporting stairway and thereafter the jig and mold are removed.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1239462 *Mar 8, 1915Sep 11, 1917Peter H ClinkunbroomerMold for concrete construction.
US1774582 *May 12, 1928Sep 2, 1930Woodbridge Arthur LSpiral stairway
US2818945 *May 14, 1954Jan 7, 1958Holzer Frederick LStair construction
US3418770 *Jul 12, 1966Dec 31, 1968Prod Chimques De Thann Et De MSpiral stairs
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4145042 *Mar 3, 1977Mar 20, 1979Demag AktiengesellschaftSlide
US4196900 *Aug 3, 1978Apr 8, 1980Demag AktiengesellschaftSlide
US4373310 *Apr 14, 1980Feb 15, 1983Robert DeanStaircase handrail construction
US4527366 *Dec 21, 1981Jul 9, 1985Greene Welding And Hardware, Inc.Curvilinear stairway constructions
US4628577 *Dec 5, 1985Dec 16, 1986Dahlgren StanAssembly fixture for stair stringer weldments and the like
US4960137 *Aug 28, 1989Oct 2, 1990R.W. Investment Co.Method and apparatus for forming curved handrails
US5058339 *Oct 11, 1990Oct 22, 1991Krstovic Alexander PCurved stairway and method
US5203948 *Sep 16, 1991Apr 20, 1993Alex SuskaApparatus and method for producing a bent laminate
US6860460Dec 3, 2002Mar 1, 2005Leroy J. RellergertMethod and apparatus for assembly of stair forms
US7469516 *Jan 19, 2005Dec 30, 2008Smith Lynn HModular staircase construction
US8534234 *Feb 25, 2011Sep 17, 2013William Arthur Moore, IIIReversible pet spiral staircase
US8616518 *Oct 31, 2007Dec 31, 2013Srb Construction Technologies Pty. Ltd.Stair forming method and apparatus
US20060156649 *Jan 19, 2005Jul 20, 2006Smith Lynn HModular staircase construction
US20070022679 *Jul 26, 2005Feb 1, 2007Barry Michael AModular curvilinear staircase
US20070022697 *Nov 14, 2005Feb 1, 2007Barry Michael AModular curvilinear staircase
US20070144084 *Dec 7, 2006Jun 28, 2007Barry Michael AModular staircase kit
US20090266970 *Oct 31, 2007Oct 29, 2009Srb Construction Technologies Pty Ltd.Stair forming method and apparatus
US20110209672 *Feb 25, 2011Sep 1, 2011Moore Iii William ArthurReversible Pet Spiral Staircase
EP2395182A1 *Jun 8, 2011Dec 14, 2011Thomas ChoquetMethod and device for quick formworking of winding stairs implementing a central core
WO2002098813A2 *Jun 7, 2002Dec 12, 2002Michael HancockStep form mold
WO2002098813A3 *Jun 7, 2002Apr 24, 2003Michael HancockStep form mold
WO2008073132A2 *Feb 8, 2007Jun 19, 2008Stair-Rite, LlcModular staircase kit
WO2008073132A3 *Feb 8, 2007Oct 30, 2008Stair Rite LlcModular staircase kit
Classifications
U.S. Classification156/222, 52/187, 264/35, 249/14, 269/904, 156/443
International ClassificationE04G13/06, E04F21/26
Cooperative ClassificationY10S269/904, E04G13/06, E04F21/26
European ClassificationE04F21/26, E04G13/06