|Publication number||US3903410 A|
|Publication date||Sep 2, 1975|
|Filing date||Apr 2, 1973|
|Priority date||Apr 2, 1973|
|Publication number||US 3903410 A, US 3903410A, US-A-3903410, US3903410 A, US3903410A|
|Inventors||Harold S Akrongold, Rochelle Akrongold|
|Original Assignee||Harold S Akrongold, Rochelle Akrongold|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (9), Referenced by (9), Classifications (35)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent Akrongold et al.
[451 *Sept. 2, 1975 WASHING POLYMERS Filed: Apr. 2. 1973 Appl. No.1 347,396
U.S. Cl. 252/91; 252/106; 252/117; 252/544; 252/546 Int. Cl Clld 17/04 Field of Search 252/91. 117, 106. 544. 252/546. D16. 2
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 10/1948 (owzm et all. 260/404.5
Strianse ct a1. 424/64 Fischer 260/407 Fischer et a1. 260/407 Bell 252/132 Foley 252/546 X Akrongold et a1. 252/544 X l-lall 252/106 X Carroll et a1 252/106 X Primary Examiner-Benjamin R. Padgett Assistant E.\'aminerE. A. Miller Almrney, Agent. or FirmArthur A. Jacobs. Esq.
ABSTRACT A hydrophilic gel of a polymeric fat acid polyamide. and a diethanolumide of a fatty acid or a branched chain fatty acid.
14 Claims. N0 Drawings WASHING POLYMERS This invention relates to polymerized fatty acid poly amides and diethanolamide of fatty acids which can be used as detergent and detergent soap type washing polymers.
More particularly. this invention relates to washing polymers in the form of gels derived from polyamide resins which may be either transparent, translucent r opaque and which have many properties that make them unique.
As used herein. the term gel" is meant to include hydrophilic compositions which range from solids to liquids of the type encountered in the liquid household detergents. However, the viscosity of the composition of this invention is readily controlled during processing depending upon the use desired for the composition.
When practicing a preferred embodiment of this invention, a washing polymer is obtained by mixing. while heating. 0.5-95 parts by weight of a polymeric fat acid polyamide. preferably polymerized tall oil fat acid polyamide, and l-95, preferably -80, and most preferably 25-60. parts by weight of a fatty acid compound such as diethanolamide of a fatty acid or a branched chain fatty acid neutralized with dior tri-ethanolamine or mixtures thereof. The dicthanolamide of the fatty acid or the branched chain fatty acid contains 6-22 carbon atoms, preferably 8-12 carbon atoms. The polymeric fat acid polyamidc and either the diethanolamide or the branched chain fatty acid are heated to the melting point of the polyamide and then held for a period of time, up to 4 hours, preferably -30 minutes, at the melting point of the polyamide. The heated mixture is allowed to cool and form a gel which can be used as a washing polymer.
The subject matter of the present invention is substantially disclosed in applicants US. Pat. No. 3,654,167, dated Apr. 4, 1972. which patent is incorporated by reference herein.
In the aforesaid US. Pat. No. 3,654,167, the disclosure and claims indicated that it was necessary to use 5-95 parts by weight of a polymeric fat acid polyamide. It has now been found that the desired results are also satisfactorily obtained when the proportion of the polymeric fat acid polyamide is as low as 0.5 parts by weight.
The following examples illustrate other compositions embodying the present invention in addition to those disclosed in the aforesaid US. Pat. No. 3,654,167:
EXAMPLE 1 Components Parts by Wei ht Emcrez 1530 (polymerized fatty acid polyamide) Shcrcomoid CDO Extra- (diethanolamide of mixed fatty acids) 18 "Standopol 7021 Concentrate (Henkel Chemical Co. mixture of diand tri-ethanolaminc lauryl sulfate 1 under agitation. after which the temperature is lowered to room temperature.
EXAMPLE 2 Components Parts by Weight Versalon 1200 (polymerized fatty acid polyamidc) 3.5 Shercomid CDO Extra 12.5 Standopol 7021 Concentrate 84.0
The same procedure is used as in Example 1 except for the substitution of the Versalon 1200 for the Emerez 1530."
EXAMPLE 3 Components Parts by Weight "Versalon 1200 0.5 Shcrcomid CDO Extra 10.5 "stando ol 7021 Concentrate 87.0 Polyethylene granules (mixture of granules of size ranging between about 0.0001 inch to about l/32 inch in diameter) ".0
The same procedure is used as in Examples 1 and 2 except that the temperature of the mixture of the first three components is first brought down to about C, at which temperature the polyethylene granules are added with agitation. The mixture is then cooled to room temperature. The resultant product. wherein the polyethylene granules are suspended in the gel, may be most satisfactorily used as an acne scrub.
EXAMPLE 4 Components Parts by Weight Versalon 1200 "Standopol 7021 Concentrate The same procedure is used as in Example 1 except that the Versalon 1200" is substituted for the Emerez 1530". The resultant product is a flowable gel; that is, although it does not pour like water, if the fingers are inserted therein it feels like a liquid. It has the consistency of a Carbopol type or free-flowing,
The first three components are heated to at least the melting point of the Versalon 1200", preferably about C. It is held at that temperature for about 1 hour. The Standopol 7021 Concentrate" is then added with agitation. The mixture is then cooled with agitation to about 65C. at which time it is poured into a mold or tube where it is permitted to cool to room temperature.
3 4 The resultant product is a shaving cream which has a preferable material is the so-ealled Nerf foam (a high degree of protective action against nicks and cuts polyether-polyurethane foam modified by the addition on the skin by providing a very thin film on the skin. It of a fire-retardant material sold by the Okenel Corprovides a gliding action similar to nylon ball bearings. poration, Lyndhurst, New Jersey and by the Crest 5 Foam Corporation, Moonachie, New Jersey). This particular material, which is unusually soft, is not reticulated as most other foams but is, nevertheless, impreg- Components 'Parts by Weight nated by the gel composition, possibly by capillary action, although the exact mechanism of the action is not EXAMPLE 6 Versalon I200" 4.0 10 I I Shercomid CDO Extral6.0 Actually known Kaydol" mineral oil 5.0 The product made in the above manner can be used I, l Chemwl CM on very delicate tissue, such as acne tissue, which sopropyl myristate .0 Ole l alcohol 2.0 would be broken b other rou her foams. i y 7 n cmcemmc 7 I This invention also includes within its scope, an aerosol shave cream which has a nylon ball-bearing type action on the skin andwhieh may also be used as a body lotion to decrease friction between body tissue and syn thetic fiber garments, such as nylon, Acrilan, acetate, polyesters, etc., which often produce chafing on sensitive skin. This composition, although also acting as a lubricant, is somewhat different from those disclosed EXAMPLE 7 above in that it is prepared by formingtwo separate phases and then combining them. This is illustrated by the following example:
The same general procedure is used as in Example 1, with the mineral oil, the isopropyl myristate and the alcohol being added together with the Standopol 7021 Concentrate." The resultant product is a highly satis- 2 factory bath oil-washing gel.
Components Parts by Weight Emerez 1530" 2.0 EXAMPLE 9 Shercomid CDO Extra" l0.0 Fractar-S (a tar fraction sold by the Texas Pharmacol Corp.) 5.0 phase Standopol 7021 Concentrate" 83.0 Components Pans by weight Coconut fatty acid (Wecaline I l260A" sold by Drew Chemical Co.) 1.5 The same procedure is used as ln Example 3, the tar Steam acid (m resscd) 75 P P fraction being added in place of the polyethylene gran- Kay-dol mineral oil 345/355 1.0 ule This roduct is a tar el which is also useful in the "Ccrcsym (PwP'iemY formulam" S p I g of VanDyke Chemical Co.) 2.0 treatment of acne. vemkm 35 In general, the gels of this invention are useful, in ad- Schercomid CDO Extra 3.5 dition to their other functions, as lubricants between Phfie the skin or other tissue and other substances which may Components Parts by weight otherwise have some abrasive effect. Furthermore, 0 h I 60 d I I I erap y (quaternlze guconaml e they can also be effectively used as lubricating means sold by VanDykc Chemical CO. 15 for mechanical moving parts such as gears, bearings, Potassium hydroxide pellets l 0.75 automobile assemblies, etc. In essence, therefore. they PcllcS l'le i Llml are hlghly effective general lubncants- Sorbitol (70% aqueous solution) 5.00 A particular product embodying this invention is a Water 72.30
facial washing bar that is unusually soft to the face and other skin areas. This product comprises a polyurethane sponge bar combined with a composition of the type illustrated by the above examples. The following example exemplifies such product:
The Versalon l 140 and the Schereomid CDO Extra are first pro-heated to about 160C for about 15 minutes. The remaining components of Phase A'are then added with agitation, after which the mixture is EXAMPLE 8 cooled to about 7580 C. The components of Phase B are separately mixed and heated to about 7580C. Phase 8" is then added to Phase A with agitation and the mixture is then held at about 75-80C for about 15 minutes in order to obtain saponification. The mixture is then cooled, with continu- A hollow box-like container made of rigid plastic, such as polyethylene or the like. and provided with an open top face, is filled with the gel composition of Example l. A sponge-like pad of foam construction, having a size and contour to closely fit within the open face of the b likc container pushed through the pen OUS agitation. to about The mixture l8 then PI'CS- f f h mi h d b i f 4 i to extend sure filled into a six-ounce aerosol can together with outwardly of the open face. The gel composition imuFY6011 P U as a pr pellant in the proportion pregnates the foam pad up to a position just below th of 91.0 parts by weight of the mlxture and 9.0 parts by rim defining the open face of the container. The resultight f the propellant.
ing product has the general appearance of a hair brush The invention claimed is:
with the container forming the solid backing or handle 1- A detergent composition consisting essentially of while the outwardly-extending portion of the foam pad a hydrophilic gel reaction product formed by mixing:
takes the place of thebrush. l. 0.5 parts by weight of a polyamide resin prod- Although any foam-type pad may be used, the preferuct having a molecular weight of about 2,000 to able material is a polyurethane foam, and the most about 10.000 and formed-by the reaction of:
a. a polymerized 16 to 24 carbon atom fatty acid;
b. a diamine selected from the group consisting of alkylene diamines having 2-6 carbon atoms in the alkylene group, bis (aminoethyl) benzene. cyclohexyl his (methylamine), dimeric fat diamine, and mixtures thereof; and
Il. 1-95 parts by weight of either a. a diethanolamide of a fatty acid having 6-22 carbon atoms or b. a branched chain fatty acid having 6-22 carbon atoms, the total mixture, when containing said branched chain fatty acid, being neutralized with either diethanolamine, triethanolamine, or mixtures thereof.
2. A composition as in claim 1 wherein the diethanolamide of a fatty acid is the reaction product of 2 moles of diethanolamine and 1 mole of a fatty acid.
3. A composition as in claim 1 wherein the diethanolamide or the branched chain fatty acid is present in an amount of -80 parts by weight.
4. A Composition as in claim 1 wherein the diethanolamide or the branched chain fatty acid is present in an amount of 25-60 parts by weight.
5. A composition as in claim 1 wherein the diamine is an alkylenc diaminc having 2-6 carbon atoms in the alkylene group.
6. A composition as in claim 1 wherein the diethanolamide or the branched chain fatty acid has 8-12 carbon atoms.
7. A composition as in claim-1 including up to by weight of the composition of n-propyl alcohol.
8. The composition of claim 1 and including from about 5 to by weight of a surfactant selected from the group consisting of anionic. cationic, nonionic and amphoteric surfactants.
9. The composition of claim 1 and including soap in an amount up to by weight of the composition.
10. The composition of claim 1, said composition being transparent.
11. The composition of claim 1 wherein said composition is a body having an abrasive body embedded therein.
12. The composition of claim 11 wherein said abrasive body is a member of the group consisting of sponge, plastic wool. steel wool, tar and polyethylene granules.
13. The composition of claim 1 and including an effective amount of perfume.
14. The composition of claim 1 and including an effective amount of a dye.
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|U.S. Classification||15/104.93, 510/491, 510/158, 510/403, 510/396, 510/475, 424/73, 510/137, 510/139, 510/502|
|International Classification||A61Q9/02, C11D3/37, A61Q19/10, A61K8/88, C11D17/04, A61K8/81, C11D17/00, A61K8/42|
|Cooperative Classification||C11D17/003, A61K8/42, A61Q9/02, A61K8/8111, A61K8/88, A61Q19/10, A61K2800/28, A61K8/042, C11D3/3719|
|European Classification||A61K8/81C2, A61Q19/10, A61Q9/02, A61K8/88, C11D17/00B6, A61K8/42, C11D3/37B8, A61K8/04A|