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Publication numberUS3903655 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 9, 1975
Filing dateDec 16, 1974
Priority dateDec 16, 1974
Publication numberUS 3903655 A, US 3903655A, US-A-3903655, US3903655 A, US3903655A
InventorsSommer Peter J
Original AssigneeAmerican Gage & Mach
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Grinding machine with resilient control wheel
US 3903655 A
Abstract
The disclosed grinding machine comprises a grinding wheel which is driven at a relatively high surface speed, a pair of centers or other means for rotatably supporting a work piece which is to be ground, and a control wheel which frictionally engages the work piece and is adapted to rotate the work piece at a relatively low surface speed. The control wheel is driven by a motor or other means, at a low surface speed. In accordance with the present invention, the control wheel has a generally cylindrical core portion which is made of a relatively soft resilient material, such as rubber or the like. The control wheel has a generally cylindrical ring shaped peripheral portion which is securely mounted around the core portion and is made of a substantially harder resilient material, such as rubber or the like. The ring shaped peripheral portion is in frictional driving engagement with the work piece. The provision of the soft resilient core portion makes it possible for the control wheel to adapt itself to variations in the work piece, so that the control wheel will be in full driving engagement with the work piece, even if the work piece is out of round or is tapered. Thus, the work piece is fully controlled during the grinding operation, so that the work piece is ground with a high degree of accuracy and consistency. Such control is achieved without the necessity of using excessive pressure between the control wheel and the work piece.
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United States Patent [1 1 Sommer 1 1 GRINDING MACHINE WITH RESILIENT CONTROL WHEEL [75] Inventor: Peter J. Sommer, Elmhurst, 111.

[73] Assignee: American Gage & Machine Company, Elgin, 111V [22] Filed: Dec. 16,1974

[21] Appl. No: 532,743

[52] U.S. Cl 51/103 R [51] Int. Cl. B2413 5/30 [58] Field of Search 51/103 R, 103 C, 103 WH, 51/103 TF, 238 GO, 259, 289 R;

Primary Examiner-A1 Lawrence Smith Assisram Examiner-Nicholas P. Godici Attorney, Agenl, 0r Firm-Burmeister, York, Palmatier, Hamby & Jones [57] ABSTRACT The disclosed grinding machine comprises a grinding Sept. 9, 1975 wheel which is driven at a relatively high surface speed, a pair of centers or other means for rotatably supporting a work piece which is to be ground, and a control wheel which frictionally engages the work piece and is adapted to rotate the work piece at a relatively low surface speed. The control wheel is driven by a motor or other means, at a low surface speed. In accordance with the present invention, the control wheel has a generally cylindrical core portion which is made of a relatively soft resilient material, such as rubber or the like. The control wheel has a generally cylindrical ring shaped peripheral portion which is securely mounted around the core portion and is made of a substantially harder resilient material, such as rubber or the like. The ring shaped peripheral portion is in frictional driving engagement with the work piece. The provision of the soft resilient core portion makes it possible for the control wheel to adapt itself to variations in the work piece, so that the control wheel will be in full driving engagement with the work piece, even if the work piece is out of round or is tapered. Thus, the work piece is fully controlled during the grinding operation, so that the work piece is ground with a high degree of accuracy and consistency. Such control is achieved without the necessity of using excessive pressure between the control wheel and the work piece.

8 Claims, 2 Drawing Figures 32h CARRIAGE CARRIAGE CARRIAGE PATENTEDSEP 91915 3.903.655

32 CARRIAGE CARRIAGE CARRIAGE F I 5. 2 26 I4- 2 20\ U I 56 1'1 l 24- l I I HIGH LOW SPEED SPEED DRIVE DRIVE GRINDING MACHINE WITH RESILIENT CONTROL WHEEL This invention relates to a grinding machine of the type which may be employed for grinding a precisely cylindrical surface on a generally cylindrical work piece. Such work pieces may be intended for use as gage pins, precision machine parts and the like.

This invention relates particularly to grinding machines of the type having a grinding wheel which is driven at a high surface speed, a pair of centers or other work piece supports for rotatably supporting the work piece while it is being ground, and a power driven control wheel which frictionally engages the work piece and is adapted to rotate the work piece while it is being ground.

In the past, the control wheel for such a grinding machine has generally been made of a fairly hard resilient material, such as natural or synthetic rubber, or the like.

Some difficulty has been experienced with grinding machines of this type, in that it has been difficult and sometimes impossible to maintain full driving engagement between the control wheel and the work piece, particularly when the work piece, when supplied to the grinding machine, is out of round or tapered. The inability to maintain full driving engagement between the control wheel and the work piece has decreased the level of precision with which the grinding operation is carried out. To maintain satisfactory control over the work piece, it sometimes has been necessary to use excessive driving pressure between the control wheel and the work piece. Such excessive pressure makes it difficult to keep the work piece properly centered.

In accordance with the present invention, the control wheel is composite in construction in that the wheel comprises a cylindrical inner core portion, made of a relatively soft, resilient, yieldable rubbery material, such as natural or synthetic rubber, and a cylindrical peripheral portion which is ring shaped and is securely mounted around the core portion. The ring shaped peripheral portion is made of a substantially harder resilient material, such as natural or synthetic rubber or the like. The provision of the soft inner core portion makes it possible for the control wheel to adapt itself to variations in the work piece, without any need to utilize excessive driving pressure between the control wheel and the work piece. Thus, full driving engagement can readily be maintained between the control wheel and the work piece, even if the work piece is out of round or tapered. The ring shaped peripheral portion of the control wheel is sufficiently hard to provide the best type of driving action between the control wheel and the work piece, while the inner core portion is soft enough to allow the control wheel to adapt itself to any irregularities in the work piece. With the grinding machine of the present invention, it is possible to grind precisely cylindrical surfaces on the work pieces, with an improved degree of accuracy.

Further objects, advantages and features of the present invention will appear from the following description, taken with the accompanying drawings, in which:

FIG. 1 is a somewhat diagrammatic elevational view of a grinding machine to be described as an illustrative embodiment of the present invention.

FIG. 2 is a somewhat diagrammatic sectional view, taken generally along the line 2-2 in FIG. 1.

As just indicated, the drawings illustrate a grinding machine, comprising a rotatable grinding wheel 12 which may be mounted on a rotatable shaft 14. The grinding wheel 12 is provided with means for rotating the grinding wheel at a relatively high surface speed. Such means may take the form of a motor 16 which is connected to the shaft 14 through a suitable high speed drive 18.

The grinding wheel 12 is adapted to grind a generally cylindrical work piece 20, which may be intended for use as a gage pin, a machine part or the like. In this grinding machine, the work piece 20 is positively supported for rotation about a particular axis. Thus, the work piece 20 may be rotatably supported by a pair of centers 22 or other suitable work piece supports. The work piece 20 is supported by the centers 22 while the work piece is being ground.

The work piece 20 is engaged by a control wheel 24 which is driven at a relatively low surface speed, compared with the surface speed of the grinding wheel 12. The control wheel 24 is mounted on a rotatable shaft 26 which may be connected to a motor 28 through a low speed drive 30. In some cases, the same motor may be employed to drive both the control wheel 24 and the grinding wheel 14. However, it is often convenient to employ two motors as illustrated.

During the grinding operation, the control wheel 24 is in frictional driving engagement with the work piece 20, so that the work piece is driven in a direction and at a speed determined by the direction and speed of rotation of the control wheel 24.

As shown, the grinding wheel 12 is mounted on a laterally movable carriage 32, while the work piece centers or supports 22 are mounted on another laterally movable carriage 34. Similarly, the control wheel 24 is mounted on a laterally movable carriage 36. The carriages 32 and 34 make it possible to adjust the grinding engagement between the grinding wheel 12 and the work piece 20. The carriages 34 and 36 make it possible to adjust the driving engagement between the control wheel 24 and the work piece 20. Suitable precision adjusting mechanisms may be employed to adjust the positions of the carriages 32, 34 and 36.

While three laterally adjustable carriages 32, 34 and 36 are shown, it sometimes will suffice to provide only two of the three movable carriages, while still retaining the ability to adjust the grinding action between the grinding wheel 12 and the work piece 20, and the driving action between the control wheel 24 of the work piece 20.

In order to improve the frictional driving engagement between the control wheel 24 and the work piece 20, the control wheel 24 preferably is composite in construction, in that it preferably comprises a relatively soft core portion 38 and a relatively hard peripheral ring shaped portion 40. Both the inner core portion 38 and the outer peripheral portion 40 are preferably made of a resilient rubbery material, such as natural or synthetic rubber.

The core portion 38 of the control wheel 24 is preferably cylindrical in shape and is cemented, bonded or otherwise secured to the rotary shaft 26. The outer peripheral portion 40 is preferably cylindrical and ring shaped and is bonded, cemented or otherwise securely mounted around the core portion 38.

In order to provide the best type of frictional driving engagement with the work piece 20, the outer ring shaped portion 40 is preferably made of a relatively hard rubbery material, while the inner core portion 38 is preferably made of a relatively soft rubbery material. The provision of the soft inner core portion 38 makes it possible for the control wheel 24 to adapt itself to the work piece 20, so that full frictional driving engagement will be maintained between the control wheel 24 and the work piece 20, even if the work piece is out of round or tapered, or has other dimensional variations. The soft rubbery core portion 38 is sufficiently flexible and yieldable to permit the best type of full frictional driving engagement between the outer portion 40 and the work piece 20, without any need for excessive pressure therebetween.

I claim:

1. A grinding machine, comprising a grinding wheel,

first driving means for rotating said grinding wheel at a relatively high surface speed,

a pair of work piece supports for rotatably supporting a work piece for engagement with said grinding wheel,

a rotatable control wheel for frictionally engaging the work piece to rotate the work piece while it is being ground,

and a second driving means for rotating said control wheel at a relatively low surface speed compared with the surface speed of said grinding wheel,

said control wheel including a generally cylindrical inner core portion made of a relatively soft resilient yieldable rubbery material,

said control wheel including a generally cylindrical ring shaped outer peripheral portion mounted securely around said inner core portion and made of a resilient rubbery material which is substantially harder than the material of said inner core portion,

the softness and resilience of said inner core portion making it possible for the control wheel to adapt itself to variations in the work piece so as to achieve full driving engagement between the work piece and said control wheel.

2. A grinding machine according to claim 1,

in which said inner core portion and said ring shaped peripheral portion of said control wheel are made of rubber materials,

said rubber material of said inner core portion being substantially softer than the rubber material of said ring shaped peripheral portion.

3. A grinding machine according to claim 1,

in which said work piece supports take the form of a pair of centers for rotatably supporting the work piece.

4. A grinding machine according to claim 1,

in which said inner core portion and said ring shaped outer portion of said control wheel are made of first and second different rubber materials,

said first rubber material of said inner core portion being substantially softer than said second rubber material of said outer peripheral portion,

said work piece supports taking the form of a pair of centers for rotatably supporting the work piece.

5. A grinding machine according to claim 4,

including means for producing relative lateral adjusting movement between said work piece supporting centers and said control wheel for adjusting the driving pressure between said control wheel and the work piece.

6. A grinding machine according to claim 1,

including means for producing relative lateral adjusting movement between said control wheel and said work piece supports for adjusting the driving pressure between said control wheel and the work piece.

7. A grinding machine according to claim 1,

including means for producing relative lateral adjusting movement between said work piece supports and said grinding wheel to adjust the grinding engagement between said grinding wheel and the work piece.

8. A grinding machine according to claim 1,

including means for producing relative lateral adjusting movement between said work piece supports and said control wheel for adjusting the driving pressure between said control wheel and the work piece,

and means for producing relative lateral adjusting movement between said work piece supports and said grinding wheel for adjusting the grinding engagement between said grinding wheel and the work piece.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3427756 *Dec 30, 1966Feb 18, 1969Sundstrand CorpReversible contact wheel for centerless grinders
US3460293 *Dec 9, 1966Aug 12, 1969Sweet Glen WRegulating wheel for centerless grinder
US3732648 *Dec 20, 1971May 15, 1973Sundstrand EngelbergRegulating wheel
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4712332 *Jul 1, 1986Dec 15, 1987Energy Adaptive Grinding, Inc.Centerless and center-type grinding system
US5558567 *Feb 14, 1995Sep 24, 1996Lidkoping Machine Tools AbCenterless machine
US8100738Feb 5, 2008Jan 24, 2012Urs TschudinGrinding machine and method for grinding work pieces between centers and for centerless grinding in which the work piece can be supported between a grinding wheel, and a regulating wheel either between centers on a work piece axis or on a rest for centerless grinding
EP0674970A1 *Mar 17, 1995Oct 4, 1995Fuji Oozx Inc.Centreless grinder
EP1955808A1Feb 1, 2008Aug 13, 2008Urs TschudinGrinding machine for grinding workpieces between points, grinding without points and grinding method
Classifications
U.S. Classification451/242
International ClassificationB24B5/30, B24B5/00, B24B5/18
Cooperative ClassificationB24B5/18, B24B5/30
European ClassificationB24B5/18, B24B5/30