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Publication numberUS3904912 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 9, 1975
Filing dateAug 9, 1973
Priority dateAug 26, 1972
Also published asCA974566A1, DE2339834A1
Publication numberUS 3904912 A, US 3904912A, US-A-3904912, US3904912 A, US3904912A
InventorsDuistermaat Jan Hendrik
Original AssigneePhilips Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Cathode ray tube display screen having overlapping triad elements and separated triads
US 3904912 A
Abstract
A shadow mask tube having such a distance between the shadow mask and the screen, that at least at the edge of the screen the average of the three distances from the centers of the phosphor dots associated with one mask aperture to the center of gravity of the triangle formed by said centers is at least 10% smaller than one third of the distance between two nearest phosphor dots of the same color.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent 11 1 Duistermaat 1 Sept. 9, 1975 CATHODE RAY TUBE DISPLAY SCREEN [56] References Cited HAVING OVERLAPPING TRIAD UNITED STATES PATENTS ELEMENTS AND SEPARATED TRIADS 3,590,303 6/1971 Coleclough .1 313 92 B [75] inventor. Jan Hendrik Duistermaat, 3,695,871 10 1972 Lange 313/408 x Emmasingel Eindhoven7v 3,790,839 2/1974 Dletch 313/92 B N th 1 d 6 er an S Primary Examiner Robert Segal [73] Assigneet U-S- Philips Corporat on, New Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Frank R. Trifari; George B.

York, N.Y. Berka [22] Filed: Aug. 9, 1973 Appl. No.: 387,15 1

Foreign Application Priority Data Aug. 26, 1972 Netherlands 7211677 [5 7] ABSTRACT A shadow mask tube having such a distance between the shadow mask and the screen, that at least at the edge of the screen the average of the three distances from the centers of the phosphor dots associated with one mask aperture to the center of gravity of the triangle formed by said centers is at least 10% smaller than one third of the distance between two nearest phosphor dots of the same color.

3 Claims, 6 Drawing Figures PATENTED SEP 9 975 sum 1 pg 2 1 l CATHODE RAY TUBE DISPLAY SCREEN HAVING OVERLAPPING TRIAD ELEMENTS AND SEPARATED TRIADS The invention relates to a cathode ray tube for displaying colour pictures, comprising a shadow mask having substantially circular apertures and a picture display screen present on the Window of the tube and comprising substantially circular surfaces of three materials which luminesce in different colours upon excitation by electrons.

Such a three-colour television display tube comprises an electrode system which supplies three electron beams the electrons of which move towards the screen via the apertures in the mask in different angular relationships relative to each other for producing the various colours. The phosphor dots on the screen should be present in such manner that the electrons of one electron beam impinge only upon phosphor dots of one colour, that is to say that the electron spots formed by one electron beam coincide fully or partly with phosphor dots of only onecolour. The place of the electron spots is determined by the movement of the electrons, inter alia under the influence of a deflection coil system. As a result of this, thecent're of deflection experiences a movement in the direction of the axis of the tube when the angle of deflection increases, while in addition it experiences a movement at right angles to the axis of the tube as a result of the dynamic convergence used of the electron beams. The phosphor dots are provided by hardening parts of a radiation-sensitive layer by means of light, so that the place of the phosphor dots is determined by an optic projection of the mask. Certain measures are taken to cause the virtual light source to coincide "as readily as possible with the centre of deflection of the electron beam. In principle, however, it is impossible to take such measures that the phosphor dots and the electron spots are exactly concentric throughout the picturedisplay screen. The measures consist inter alia in the use of certain systems of lenses. In addition, as is mentioned in the US. Pat. No. 3,lO9,l 16, the distance between the shadow mask and the picture display screen is taken smaller at the edges than in the centre so as to achieve that the phosphor dots touch each other. Since the virtual light source to be realized by means of the system of lenses is not capable of keeping the trio of dots associated with one mask aperture equal to the relevant trio of spots, the practical result of the said distance is that the electron spots which are smaller than the phosphor dots are present very eccentrically within the phosphor dots, namely against the edge thereof at the edges of the picture display screen. Since the phosphor dots touch each other, an electron spot, in the case of uncorrect control, can easily land partly on an adjacent undesired phosphor dot. The invention mitigates this drawback.

According to the invention, the distance between the shadow mask and the display screen is such that, at least at the edge of the picture display screen, the aver age of the three distances between the centres of the phosphor dots associated with one mask aperture and the centre of gravity of the triangle formed by said centres is at least 1071 smaller than the third part of the distance between two'adjacent phosphor dots of the same colour. The phosphor dots associated with one mask aperture are to be understood to mean the three phosphor dots upon which electrons of the three electron beams which pass through said mask aperture impinge. Said phosphor dots will be indicated as the phosphor dots associated with one trio. The above means that the distance between the shadow mask and the picture display screen is smaller therethan for the case in which the phosphor dots touch each other, or in other words, are present in hexagonal densest stack of circular dots as is described above. The result of this is that at that area the phosphor dots associated with one trio overlap each other partly. However, this is no objection because the smaller electronspots lie outside the overlapping regions of the phosphor dots.- ln itself the place of the phosphor dots with said distance between the shadow mask and the picture display screen is just more favourable because the electron spots do not touch the edge of the phosphor dots. The position of a given electron spot actually is such that its centre is present more closely to the point of intersection of the diagonals of the square formed by the centres of the four surrounding electron spots and also more closely to the point of intersection of the diagonals of the square formed by the centres of the four surrounding phosphor dots. When the centre of a given electron spot coincides with the point of intersection of the diagonals of the square formed by the centres of the four surrounding electron spots, the electron spots are present in hexagonal densest stack of circular spots.

In particular, the distance between the shadow ma and the picture display screen is such that substantially throughout the picture display screen, the distance between an electron spot and the two other electron spots associated with the same mask aperture is substantially equal to the distance between the first-mentioned electron spot and the two adjacent electron spots associated with another mask aperture. The position of the centres of the electron spots then corresponds substantially to the points of intersection of the diagonals of the said squares.

The said distance between the shadow mask and the picture display screen is also of advantage for the case in which the picture display screen comprises a lightabsorbing material between the substantially circular surfaces of the luminescent materials. As is known, in such a picture display screen the tinting of the window glass may be less with the contrast remaining the same, as a result of which the observed brightness of the picture increases. The extent to which the tinting of the window glass may .be less increases according as a larger part of the window is covered with lightabsorbing material. If a sufficient part of the window is covered with light-absorbing material, the tinting of the window glass may even be omitted. Two different cases present themselves.

In one case, the substantially circular surfaces of the luminescent materials are smaller than the substantially circular apertures in the shadow mask, which means that the phosphor dots are smaller than the electron spots. The result of the distance between the shadow mask and the picture display screen according to the invention is that at the edge of the screen the position of the electron spots relative to the phosphor dots is more favourable. The size of the phosphor dots and the size'of the electron spots is not principally different from that in the case in which the invention is not used.

In the other case, the substantially circular surfaces of the luminescent materials are larger than the substantiallycircular apertures in the shadow mask, which tron spots. Upon comparing a' picture display screen according to the invention with one not according to the invention and having the same size of phosphor dots, it is obvious that as a-result'of the partial overlap ping of the phosphor dots at the edge of the picture display screen, a larger part of the window is covered with light-absorbing material at that area. Since in addition the location of the electron spots within the phosphor dots is more favourable, smaller phosphor dots will do without this detrimentally influencing the quality'of the picture so that an even larger part of the window may be covered with light-absorbing material. In the centre otherwords, that the phosphor dots are present in hexagonal denseststack of circular dots. Furthermore, the

of the picture display screen, the electron spots and the I phosphor dots are in principle more concentric relative to each other so that the phosphor dots can be made smaller without further measures. Therefore, the pic ture display screen more in particular comprises for the remaining part a light-absorbing material, while the substantially circular surfaces of the luminescent material are larger than the substantially circular apertures in the shadow mask.

In a concrete case, in a shadow mask tube of the lastmentioned type having maximum deflection of 90 (which means that the diagonals enclose an angle of 90) the distance between the shadow mask and the window up to deflection angles relative to the axis of the tube of 30 is such that the phosphor dots on the window substantially touch each other. For larger angles of deflection said distance gradually decreases and that in such manner that with an angle of deflection of 45; said distance is 25% smaller than was calculated at the area for phosphor dots substantially touching each other and the phosphor dots thus partly overlap each other at that area.

In another case, in a shadow mask tube having a maximum deflection of ll (which means that the diagonals enclose an angle of I the distance between the shadow mask and the window up to deflection angles relative to the axis of the tube of 38 is such that the phosphor dots on the window substantially touch each other. For larger angles of deflection said distance gradually decreases and that in such manner that with a deflection angle of 55, said distance-is 25% smaller than was calculated at that area for phosphor dots substantially touching each other and the phosphor dots thus partly overlap each other at that area.

It has been found that in'these cases a quarter part of the window may be coveredwith a light-absorbing material.

The invention will be described in greater detail, by way of example, with reference to the drawing, in which FIGS. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 are schematic views showing on an enlarged scale, from the outside of several tubes, the arrangement of groups of phosphor dots in the right-hand top corner of the-screen;, in the case of FIGS. 1, 3 and 5, the phosphor dots touch each other as in the prior art; FIGS. 2, 4 and 6 relate to the invention. I

FIG. 1 is a schematic view on an enlarged scale, from the outside of a tube, of phosphordots in the right-hand top corner of the screen, namely green phosphor dots la and 1!), red phosphor dotsZa and 2b and blue phosphor dots 3a and 3c.'ln this known'tube thedistance'between the shadow mask and the picture display screen is such that the phosphor dots touch each other or, in

electron spots 4a, 4/), 5a, 5b, 6a and 6c are shown. The electron spots 4a, 5a and 6a are formed by the three electron beams which pass through one mask aperture. In this manner the phosphor dots 1a, 2a and 3a are associated with one mask aperture. 7 denotes the centre of phosphor dot la, 8 that of phosphor dot 2a and 9 that of phosphor dot 3a. 10 is the centre of gravity of the equilateral triangle formed by the points 7, 8 and 9. I1 is the centre of phosphor dot 3c. The distance from the centre 9 of the blue phosphor dot 3a to the centre of gravity 10 is equal to one third of the distance from the centre 9 of the blue phosphor dot 3a to the centre 11 of the adjacent blue phosphor dot 30. In case of.the green and blue phosphor dots, the electron spots lie against theedge of the phosphor dots.

FIG. 2 is a schematic view on an enlarged scale, from the outside of a tube, of phosphor dots in the right-hand top corner of the screen, namely green phosphor dots l2aand 1217, red phosphor dots 13a and 13b and blue phosphor dots 14a and 140. The position of the phosphor dots is according to the invention, as will be described in detail, Furthermore, the electron spots 15a, 15b, 16a, 16b, 17a and are shown. The electron spots 15a, 16a and 17a are formed by the three electron beams which pass through one mask aperture. In this manner the phosphor dots 12a, 13a and 14a are associated with one mask aperture. 18 is the centre of phosphor dot 12a, 19 that of the phosphor dot 13a and 20 that of phosphor dot 14a. 21 is the centre of gravity of the equilateral triangle formed by the points l8, l9 and 20. 22 is the centre of phosphor dot 14c. The distance from the centre 20 of the blue phosphor dot 14a to the centre of gravity 2l is 20% smaller than one third of the distance from the centre 20 of the blue phosphor dot 14a to the centre 22 of the nearest blue phosphor dot 14c. Noneofthe electron spots lies against the edge of a phosphor dot and they all lie outside the overlapping regions of the phosphor dots.

FIG. 3 shows the same phosphor dot configuration as FIG. 1 with phosphor dots la, lb, 2a, 2b, 3a and 3c and electron spots 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a and 6c.

23 is the centre of electron spot 4a, 24 that of electron spot 5a, 25 that of electron spot 41) and 26 that of electron spot 5b. 27 is the point of intersection of the diagonals of the square formed by the points 23, 24, 25 and 26. 28 is thecentre of the electron spot 6a. The centre 28 of electron spot 6a does not coincide with the point of intersection 27 of the diagonals of the square formed by the centres of the four surrounding electron spots 4a, 5a, 4b and 5b.

7 is the centre of phosphor dot la, 8 that of phosphor dot 2a, 29 that of phosphor dot 1b and 30 that of phosphor dot 2b. 3 l is the point of intersection of the diagonals of the square formed by the points 7, 8, 29 and 30. The centre 28 of electron spot 6a does not coincide with the point of intersection 31 of the diagonals of the square formed by the centres of the four surrounding phosphor dots 1a, 2a, lb and 2b.

FIG. 4 shows the same phosphor dot configuration as FIG. 2 with phosphor dots 12a, 12b, 13a, 13b, 14a and 146 and electron spots 15a, 15b, 16a, 16b, 17a and 17c.

32 is the centre of electron spot 15a, 33 that of electron spot 16a, 34 that of electron spot 15b and 35 that of electron spot 16b. 36 is the point of intersection of the diagonals of the square formed by the points 32, 33,

34 and 35. 37 is the centre of electron spot 17a. The centre 37 of electron spot 17a coincides substantially with the point of intersection 36 of the diagonals of the square formed by the centres of the four surrounding electron spots a, 16a, 15b and 16b. This means that the distance from the electron spot 17a to the two other electron spots 15a and 16a associated with the same mask aperture is substantially equal to the distance from the electron spot 17a to the two adjacent electron spots 15b and 16b associated with another mask aperture, or in other words, that the electron spots are present in a hexagonal densest stack of circular spots.

18 is the centre of phosphor dot 12a, 19 that of phosphor dot 13a 38 that of phosphor dot 12b and 39 that of phosphor dot 13b. 40 is the point of intersection of the diagonals of the square formed by the points l8, I9, 38 and 39. The centre 37 of electron spot 17a coincides substantially with the point of intersection 40 of the diagonals of the square formed by the centres of the four surrounding phosphor dots 12a, 13a, 12b and 1312.

FIG. 5 is an enlarged schematic view from the outside of a tube of phosphor dots in the right-hand top corner of the screen, namely green phosphor dots 41a, 41d, 41f and 41g, red phosphor dots 42a, 42c, 42e and 42g, and blue phosphor dots 43a, 43b, 43c and 43d. In this tube the distance between the shadow mask and the picture display screen is such that the phosphor dots touch each other, or in other words that the phosphor dots are present in a hexagonal stack of circular dots. In the spaces between the phosphor dots the picture display screen comprises a light-absorbing material. Furthermore, the electron spots 45, 46 and 47 are shown. Only a small part of the picture display screen, namely 9%, comprises light-absorbing material.

FIG. 6 is a schematic cutaway view on an enlarged scale from the outside of a tube of separate triplets of phosphor dots in the right-hand top corner of the screen, namely green phosphor dots 48a, 48b, 48c, 48d, 48e, 48f, and 48g, red phosphor dots 49a, 49b, 49c, 49d, 49c, 49f, and 49g and blue phosphor dots 50a, 50b, 50c, 50a. The position of the phosphor dots is ac cording to the invention. In the spaces between the triplets of overlapping phosphor dots, the picture display screen comprises a light-absorbing material 51. Shown furthermore are the electron spots 52, 53 and 54. Since the electron spots in a tube according to the invention are present farther from the edge of the phosphor dots, smaller phosphor dots will do in a tube according to the invention. The phosphor dots in FIG. 6 are therefore smaller than the phosphor dots in FIG. 5. Both due to the fact that the phosphor dots in FIG. 6 are smaller than in FIG. 5 and due to the fact that the phosphor dots in FIG. 6 overlap each other slightly, the picture display screen of FIG. 6 comprises much more light-absorbing material than the picture display screen shown in FIG. 5, namely approximately 25%.

What is claimed is:

l. A cathode ray tube for displaying color pictures, comprising an electrode system for producing three electron beams, a shadow mask with a plurality of substantially circular apertures, a picture display screen provided on the window of the tube at a distance from the mask and including a plurality of triplets of substantially uniform circular surfaces of luminescent materials, each surface in a triplet luminescing in a different color upon excitation by an assigned electron beam passing through an associated aperture in said mask partially overlapping each other surface of said triplet, the distance between the mask and the area near the edge of the display screen being reduced and said triplets at least in the area near the edge of the display screen being separated from each other the average of the three distances between the centers of the luminescent surfaces and the center of gravity of the triangle formed by the three centers being smaller than onethird the distance between the centers of two nearest luminescent surfaces of the same color.

2. A cathode ray tube as claimed in claim I, characterized in that the distance between the shadow mask and the picture display screen is such that substantially throughout the picture display screen the distance between an electron spot and the two other electron spots associated with the same mask aperture is substantially equal to the distance between the first-mentioned electron spot and the two nearest electron spots associated with another mask aperture.

3. A cathode ray tube as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that the picture display screen otherwise comprises a light-absorbing material, while the substantially circular surfaces of the luminescent materials are larger than the substantially circular apertures in the

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3590303 *May 31, 1968Jun 29, 1971Thorn Radio Valves And Tubes LColor tube having shadow mask whose center-to-center aperture spacings increase radially outward from mask center
US3695871 *Nov 27, 1970Oct 3, 1972Lange Howard GMethod of screening a color image reproducing device
US3790839 *Apr 4, 1972Feb 5, 1974Zenith Radio CorpRectangular grade black surround screen
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4701789 *Mar 11, 1986Oct 20, 1987Rank Electronic Tubes LimitedCathode ray tube
US4893054 *Mar 3, 1988Jan 9, 1990Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki KaishaShadow mask type color cathode ray tube
Classifications
U.S. Classification313/408, 313/472
International ClassificationH01J29/18, H01J31/10, H01J31/20, H01J29/32
Cooperative ClassificationH01J31/205, H01J31/203
European ClassificationH01J31/20B2B, H01J31/20B2