|Publication number||US3905372 A|
|Publication date||Sep 16, 1975|
|Filing date||Jun 20, 1974|
|Priority date||Jun 20, 1974|
|Publication number||US 3905372 A, US 3905372A, US-A-3905372, US3905372 A, US3905372A|
|Inventors||Marian C Denkinger|
|Original Assignee||Marian C Denkinger|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (5), Referenced by (88), Classifications (13)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent 1191 Denkinger 1 Sept. 16, 1975  FEMININE HYGIENE PROTECTIVE 1,231,194 6/1917 Prince [28/157 2,330,257 9/1943 Bailey... 1. 128/285 X E SHI LD 3,102,540 9/1963 Bentov 7 128/232 lnvenmr: Marian Denkmger. 88-35 3,690321 9/1972 Hirshman 3. 128/285 Elmhurst Ave, Elmhurst, NY. 1 1373 Primary Examiner-Aldrich F. Medbery  Filed, June 20 1974 Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Thomas B. Graham ] Appl. No; 481,394 [57} ABSTRACT The device consist of a thin protective pad, preferably  US. Cl. 128/285; 128/157; 128/130 f g ze. for use for feminine hygiene purposes which  Int. Cl A6" 13/00; A6lf 5/46; A6lf 13/20 is small enough to be completely enclosed within the  Field of Search 128/285, 270, 130, 157, outer labia of the vulva and is equipped at its central 128/290 functional spot with an essentially hollow cone-shaped protrusion of absorbent material for insertion into the  References Cited vaginal orifice so as to develop immediate Contact UNITED STATES PATENTS Grant 128/285 with any slight discharge.
5 Claims, 8 Drawing Figures PATENTEDSEPIEIQTB 3,905.37?
FEMININE HYGIENE PROTECTIVE SHIELD THE INVENTION This invention is concerned with an appliance in the form of a protective shield for use by females in the period between menstrual cycles. The device is adapted for positioning and fitting within the vaginal orifice with external part to be retained in place by the inner labia of the vulva.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION At any one time, a substantial fraction of the female polulation in the reproductive age bracket is in a menstrual period, more technically called the oestrus cycle." There are available a variety of devices limited only by the ingenuity of women and men who have expended design effort to the purpose for handling the flow during the active to 6 days when a cycle occurs. Reference to commercial and trade hygiene literature provides ample annotation of the problem.
However, little attention has been paid to the matter of the interval between flows in the menstrual cycle, namely, the period when the female is not flowing. Actually, this condition is technical because the genital area of the female is principally a mucous membrane, which means that it is constantly moist, with the consequence that there is always in the area, a discharge of Slight volume. Bacterial infections are common and in these days of tight fitted garments of synthetic fabrics, they are made more common through lack of ventilation. These conditions are not serious but a female cannot take care of matters without inconveniences, There are conditions, borderline conditions, in'which there is a sensible flow, too small tojustify the use of one of the heavier catamenial pads normally associated with the menstrual cycle, yet large enough that it can cause discomfort and general dissatisfaction, because it interferes with the individuals daintiness. Vaginitis, trichormoniasis, vulvavaginal condidiasis are common bacterial infections which must be met.
It is accordingly a basic object of this invention to provide a device which will be of a form such that the woman can carry it with her in her purse, which will be adapted for quick and easy insertion to the vaginal orifree to take care of this problem.
It is the second object of the invention to provide a device which can be wholly enclosed within the vulva even within the internal labia of the vulva and provide the absorbent capacity needed by the discharge, and further to provide for deodorization as well.
Other objects in the advantages of the invention will in part be obvious and in part appear thereinafter.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION The invention accordingly is embodied in a construction which is characterized by its being formed of a layer, or plurality of layers, of light gauze absorbent to form a small protective pad approximately of the dimensions of the internal labia of the vulva, said pad having fastened to a central area, thereof an essentially hollow protrusion, generally of cylindrical or conical shape, extending upwardly perpendicularly to the pad itself, for a distance of a few centimeters, and being of a diameter at its base of about a centimeter or two. The protrusion, or mound, is formed of gauze, or cotton, or cellulose fibers, or a combination of these, intermingled, and formed to hold their shape when dry, or
slightly wet, so that the protrusion can be fitted in the opening of the vaginal orifice. Alternatively, and actually preferable, enclosed within the conical protrusion is a capsule of deodorant chemical material of any kind, which will react or dissolve when contacted by the moist discharge, and neutralize any odor thereof. Since generally bodily fluids are carrying a certain amount of protein discharge, particularly mucous membranes carry a proteinaceous discharge which in some conditions may be in a state of decomposition, fluid discharge originating in this part of the female can be of a rather strong obnoxious odor. It is this latter reason which impcls the female who desires to maintain a high level of daintiness to proceed with an absorbent pad, or some other improvisation when she senses a discharge of this type.
It is in this period of utility where this structure finds its greatest application. I
In order to understand better the details of the invention, consideration of the following drawings is in order:
FIG. I represents a sectional view of the female showing the relationship of the buttocks, anus, vulva, and vagina for an insert of the instant design, shown in section, in place;
FIG. 2 shows a semi-perspective view of the device made in accordance with this invention; FIG, 2A is a section;
FIG. 3 is a plan view of the device made in accordance with this invention;
FIGS. 4, 5, 6, and 7 illustrate variant shapes of the de vice made in accordance with this invention.
The concept is readily understood by reference to FIG. I, wherein 10 presents Female Trunk, II the buttocks, 12 the pubis, 13 the vagina, I4 the labia, and IS the anus. The device 20, shown in section consists of the gauze laminated base 21 on which the conical protrusion 22 is formed. In section, 22 is shown in FIG. I enclosing the pellet 23 of the deodorant material. The manner in which 22 is affixed to the gauze base can be by adhesive, or a few simple stitches. Actually, a practical method of formation is to form material from which to make a cone as a piece which is spread on the laminated back, stitched into place, and then the cone formed from the material, thus sewed in place. This, of course, is the most secure and desirable form of the construction.
The hollow form makes it of finger size and consequently convenient for insertion to the extent shown in FIG. 1.
Reference to FIG. 2 illustrates another variant, 30. Here the basic gauze base 31 is made long enough so that it can have adhesive areas, 32 and 33 on its ends, these being merely very slightly adhesive so that the ends 34 and 35 can be pulled forward and to the rear for adhesion to adjacent parts of the anatomy, or clothing, if that is desired.
For fitting the anatomy, FIGS. 3, 4, 5, 6, and 7 illustrate forms of the invention. In FIG. 4, an oval form with a rather elongated oval base and conical projection. This is dimensioned to substantially match the size of the organ involving the inner labia. FIG. 5 is a form which takes into account the possibility that the individual may have heavy thighs. Accordingly, it is constricted at its center. FIGS. 6 and 7 for whatever advantage they may have, are shaped somewhat differently, largely to satisfy the personal preferences or prejudices of the user. All are adapted or adaptable to be held in place by the inner labia.
As materials of construction. the absorbent conical protrusion in the center can be made of cotton, cotton fiber, cellulose fiber, or any mixture thereof. All of these materials are extremely inexpensive and available in quantity, and of a nature such that with little or no binder that can be formed to shape and handled. in fact, there is substantial experience in the preparation of surgical dressings from materials of these kinds. Typical are the various materials and constructions for use in manufacture of menstrual pads and tampons. Since the conical protrusion is only a few centimeters in height (2-10 approximately) l5 centimeters at its base, or less, it is a small item and can be quickly formed or molded to a relatively firm condition so that it can be handled, inserted, and fastened in place. or held in place by the labia of the organ itself.
A preferred form of the invention of course involves the inclusion of a deodorant pellet within the cone or actual impregnation of the material of which the cone is made, with a deodorant powder or medicinal chemi cal. Of these there are a variety on the market for treat-- ment of various vaginal disorders. It goes without say ing that they must be non-caustic, non-irritating. nonacid. and generally compatible with the mucous tissues encountered in the genital area. Here. too, there is ample experience with the formulation of compositions for use in this area, and accordingly, the chemical deodorant is consistent therewith.
it will be apparent from this description that the de odorant, or the deodorant device, or medicinal device, will have its great usefulness among the females. Largely because it is so small the woman will be able to carry a few with her in her purse. She will be able to dispose of the used ones quickly and conveniently in the ordinary flush toilet. Where it is desired, the gauze backing can be extended so that the adhesive tabs on the ends can be used for application to the panties. Since the device is entirely internal, it is obviously not bulky and does not involve significant use of material.
Since the cause of various conditions is bacterial and the conditions are aggravated by the wearing of unventilating clothing (such and pantyhose, etc. pregnancy, use of oral contraceptive and diabetes mellitus, the very prevalence of the condition demands means for symptomatic relief. It is apparent this device is a real aid in that direction.
its contribution to the female daintiness is obvious if it stops any leakage of fluid. It provides the woman with the comfort and protection she desires.
What is claimed is;
l. A tampon adapted for insertion between the internal labia of the vulva for sole support therein, in longitudinal relationship to the vaginal orifice, a tampon means for absorbing body fluids comprising :1 support pad of gauze material for insertion between the labia at the vaginal orifice,
said pad being of absorbent material,
an essentially hollow conical upstanding absorbent gauze projection. attached to said gauze pad and suitably shaped for insertion into the vaginal orifree.
2. A device in accordance with claim I in which the projection is medicated.
.3. A device in accordance with claim 1 in which the projection is supplied with deodorant.
4. A device in accordance with claim 1 in which the pad has extendible ends supplied with adhesive for at taehmcnt to adjacent support means.
5. A device in accordance with claim 1 in which the pad is elongated shaped so as to be held in place by the labia.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US61417 *||Jan 22, 1867||grant|
|US1231194 *||Nov 13, 1916||Jun 26, 1917||Clofton O Prince||Finger-cot.|
|US2330257 *||Jan 14, 1939||Sep 28, 1943||John F Wallace||Process for making tampons|
|US3102540 *||Jun 19, 1962||Sep 3, 1963||Bentov Itzhak E||Means for administering medicine|
|US3690321 *||Oct 15, 1970||Sep 12, 1972||Shalom Z Hirschman||Catamenial device|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4037601 *||Apr 30, 1976||Jul 26, 1977||Denkinger Marian C||Process for preparing sterilized feminine hygiene articles of non-woven and woven textures|
|US4631062 *||Mar 1, 1985||Dec 23, 1986||Kimberly-Clark Corporation||Labial sanitary pad|
|US4743245 *||Jul 30, 1986||May 10, 1988||Kimberly-Clark Corporation||Labial sanitary pad|
|US4846824 *||Mar 31, 1988||Jul 11, 1989||Kimberly-Clark Corporation||Labial sanitary pad|
|US4848572 *||Jun 4, 1987||Jul 18, 1989||Herrera Patricio B||Feminine hygiene device|
|US4945923 *||Jul 10, 1989||Aug 7, 1990||Evans Mark I||Contraceptive and prophylactic device|
|US4967767 *||Aug 3, 1989||Nov 6, 1990||Harris Robert L||Vaginal shield for preventing sexually transmitted diseases|
|US5248309 *||Mar 20, 1992||Sep 28, 1993||Kimberly-Clark Corporation||Thin sanitary napkin having a central absorbent zone and a method of forming the napkin|
|US5290262 *||Oct 15, 1992||Mar 1, 1994||Kimberly-Clark Corporation||Feminine hygiene article and method|
|US5389181 *||Oct 20, 1993||Feb 14, 1995||Kimberly-Clark Corporation||Feminine hygiene article and method|
|US5390681 *||Oct 29, 1993||Feb 21, 1995||Daley; Todd C.||Prophylactic device for oral sex|
|US5520675 *||Oct 21, 1994||May 28, 1996||Knox-Sigh; Annette||Feminine hygiene pad|
|US5665081 *||Jun 26, 1995||Sep 9, 1997||Grosse; Kenneth J.||Odor absorbing anal pad|
|US5672165 *||Jan 6, 1997||Sep 30, 1997||Belecky; June Marian||Menstrual hygiene product|
|US5833680 *||Nov 20, 1996||Nov 10, 1998||Hartman; Christine||Sanitary napkin|
|US5891126 *||Jun 5, 1997||Apr 6, 1999||The Procter & Gamble Company||Absorbent interlabial device treated with a polysiloxane emollient|
|US5927282 *||Jul 16, 1998||Jul 27, 1999||Uromed Corporation||Controlling urinary incontinence|
|US6063064 *||Apr 28, 1998||May 16, 2000||Tuckey; Donald L.||Incontinence appliance|
|US6131575 *||Jun 26, 1996||Oct 17, 2000||The Procter & Gamble Company||Urinary incontinence device|
|US6149635 *||Dec 3, 1999||Nov 21, 2000||Tuckey; Donald L.||Incontinence appliance|
|US6258075||May 10, 1999||Jul 10, 2001||The Procter & Gamble Company||Tampon with enhanced leakage protection|
|US6270486 *||May 1, 1998||Aug 7, 2001||The Procter & Gamble Company||Absorbent interlabial device|
|US6348047||Mar 10, 2000||Feb 19, 2002||Vernice J. Harper||Feminine hygiene article with upstanding member|
|US6355022||Mar 11, 1999||Mar 12, 2002||The Procter & Gamble Company||Absorbent interlabial device with substance thereon for maintaining the device in position|
|US6416501||Apr 23, 2001||Jul 9, 2002||The Procter & Gamble Company||Absorbent interlabial device|
|US6464670 *||Nov 10, 1999||Oct 15, 2002||Biomed Innovations, Llc||Method of delivering therapeutic agents to the urethra and an urethral suppository|
|US6554814||Oct 24, 2000||Apr 29, 2003||The Procter & Gamble Company||Protection tampon and method of making|
|US6682513||Feb 10, 2003||Jan 27, 2004||The Procter & Gamble Company||Protection tampon and method of making|
|US6702796||Mar 26, 2001||Mar 9, 2004||The Procter & Gamble Company||Absorbent interlabial device having an improved tab|
|US6740070||Oct 24, 2001||May 25, 2004||The Procter & Gamble Company||Protection and comfort tampon|
|US6837882||Feb 10, 2003||Jan 4, 2005||The Procter & Gamble Company||Protection tampon and method of making|
|US6890325||Dec 31, 2001||May 10, 2005||Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.||Labial pad having a tab|
|US7005453||Sep 18, 2000||Feb 28, 2006||Miller Brewing Company||Use of hop acids to inhibit growth of Staphylococcus aureus and prevent toxic shock syndrome|
|US7074214||Nov 10, 2003||Jul 11, 2006||Uni-Charm Corporation||Interlabial product having form for finger securement, and individual package|
|US7115116||Dec 31, 2001||Oct 3, 2006||Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.||Labial pad having various means|
|US7217259 *||Dec 18, 2002||May 15, 2007||Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.||Interlabial absorbent article|
|US7270652 *||Dec 8, 2004||Sep 18, 2007||Uni-Charm Corporation||Interlabial pad|
|US7288080||Dec 31, 2001||Oct 30, 2007||Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.||Labial pad|
|US7294138||Jun 28, 2004||Nov 13, 2007||Shippert Ronald D||Nose pack method and apparatus|
|US7682348||Jun 14, 2006||Mar 23, 2010||The Procter & Gamble Company||Protection tampon and method of making|
|US8062277||Apr 3, 2009||Nov 22, 2011||Fleming William H||Anal hygienic pad and method of use|
|US8137331||Jun 14, 2006||Mar 20, 2012||The Procter And Gamble Company||Protection tampon and method of making|
|US8197434||Apr 28, 2004||Jun 12, 2012||Playtex Products, Inc.||Tampon assembly having shaped pledget|
|US8388329||Aug 12, 2010||Mar 5, 2013||Johnson & Johnson Do Brasil Industria E Comercio Produtos Para Saude Ltda. Rodovia||Apparatus for making a fibrous article|
|US8394316||Aug 12, 2010||Mar 12, 2013||Johnson & Johnson Do Brasil Industria E Comercio Produtos Para Saude Ltda. Rodovia||Method for making a fibrous article|
|US8398606||Feb 28, 2008||Mar 19, 2013||QuantrRx Biomedical Corporation||Folded perineal pad|
|US8398915||Aug 12, 2010||Mar 19, 2013||Johnson & Johnson do Brasil Industria e Comercio Produtos Paral Saude Ltda. Rodovia||Method for making a fibrous article|
|US8449512 *||Apr 9, 2010||May 28, 2013||Davinci Biomedical Research Products Inc.||Stoma stabilitating device and method|
|US8480387||Aug 12, 2010||Jul 9, 2013||Johnson & Johnson Do Brasil Industria E Comercio Produtos Para Saude Ltda.||Apparatus for making a fibrous article having a three dimensional profile|
|US8672872 *||May 17, 2006||Mar 18, 2014||Calla Lily Personal Care Ltd||Sanitary product|
|US8684008||May 3, 2010||Apr 1, 2014||Cora St. Anne||Method and device for female urinary incontinence|
|US20040073183 *||Oct 15, 2002||Apr 15, 2004||Nilda Rivera-Cruz||Feminine hygiene perineum device|
|US20040073184 *||Oct 7, 2003||Apr 15, 2004||Chie Ohba||Absorbent interlabial device|
|US20040122402 *||Dec 18, 2002||Jun 24, 2004||Kimberly-Clark Worldwide,Inc.||Interlabial absorbent article|
|US20040167491 *||Nov 10, 2003||Aug 26, 2004||Uni-Charm Corporation||Interlabial product having form for finger securement, and individual package|
|US20040243088 *||Apr 28, 2004||Dec 2, 2004||Playtex Products, Inc.||Tampon assembly having shaped pledget|
|US20050090794 *||Oct 27, 2003||Apr 28, 2005||The Procter & Gamble Company||Tampon with enhanced leakage protection|
|US20050137561 *||Dec 8, 2004||Jun 23, 2005||Uni-Charm Corporation||Interlabial pad|
|US20050182376 *||Feb 17, 2004||Aug 18, 2005||A-Fem Medical Corporation||Anal hygienic pad and method of use|
|US20090131852 *||May 17, 2006||May 21, 2009||Keir McGUINNESS||Sanitary Product|
|US20100249735 *||Sep 30, 2010||Ali Cecelia E||Sanitary enhanced absorption wick device|
|US20110251452 *||Oct 13, 2011||Davinci Biomedical Research Products Inc.||Stoma stabilitating device and method|
|CN100512780C||Dec 10, 2004||Jul 15, 2009||基尔·麦克吉尼斯||Sanitary product|
|CN101606875B||Dec 10, 2004||Oct 16, 2013||基尔·麦克吉尼斯||卫生用品|
|EP0161663A1 *||May 14, 1985||Nov 21, 1985||Brigitte Dobson||Sanitary pad|
|EP0594059A2 *||Oct 14, 1993||Apr 27, 1994||Kimberly-Clark Corporation||Feminine hygiene article and method for producing same|
|EP1029522A2||Mar 15, 1989||Aug 23, 2000||THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY||Thin, flexible sanitary napkin|
|EP1407739A1 *||May 21, 2002||Apr 14, 2004||Uni-Charm Corporation||Interlabial pad and package|
|EP1407746A1 *||May 21, 2002||Apr 14, 2004||Uni-Charm Corporation||INTERLABIAL PRODUCT HAVING FORM FOR FINGER SECUREMENT, AND INDIVIDUAL PACKAGE|
|WO1994022405A1 *||Mar 24, 1994||Oct 13, 1994||Kaysersberg Sa||Women's sanitary article such as sanitary towel|
|WO1995015138A1 *||Nov 30, 1994||Jun 8, 1995||Didier Castel||Feminine hygiene article having menstrual flow collectors, and method for making same|
|WO1998029075A1||Dec 23, 1997||Jul 9, 1998||Procter & Gamble||Absorbent interlabial device having pleated structure|
|WO1998029077A1||Dec 23, 1997||Jul 9, 1998||Procter & Gamble||Absorbent interlabial device with flexible extensions|
|WO1998057608A1||Jun 15, 1998||Dec 23, 1998||Procter & Gamble||Absorbent interlabial device|
|WO1998057610A1||Jun 15, 1998||Dec 23, 1998||Procter & Gamble||Feminine hygiene system and kit using an absorbent interlabial device|
|WO1999000083A1||Jun 9, 1998||Jan 7, 1999||Procter & Gamble||Toilet-device disposable absorbent interlabial|
|WO1999018905A1||Oct 7, 1998||Apr 22, 1999||Procter & Gamble||Absorbent interlabial device comprising a fluid acquisition/transfer complex|
|WO1999025295A1||Nov 16, 1998||May 27, 1999||Procter & Gamble||Absorbent interlabial device|
|WO1999026573A1||Nov 12, 1998||Jun 3, 1999||Procter & Gamble||Individual packaged absorbent interlabial article|
|WO1999026574A1||Nov 12, 1998||Jun 3, 1999||Procter & Gamble||Flushable individual packages for absorbent articles|
|WO1999026575A1||Nov 12, 1998||Jun 3, 1999||Procter & Gamble||Individual packages for absorbent interlabial devices|
|WO1999026577A1||Nov 25, 1998||Jun 3, 1999||Procter & Gamble||Absorbent interlabial article|
|WO2000069482A1||May 21, 1999||Nov 23, 2000||Brian Francis Gray||Absorbent article with skin care composition|
|WO2001024748A1||Oct 1, 1999||Apr 12, 2001||Brian Francis Gray||Absorbent article having barrier sheet against the migration of the skin care composition|
|WO2002058611A1 *||Jan 24, 2001||Aug 1, 2002||Chie Ohba||Absorbent interlabial device|
|WO2003051257A1 *||Dec 16, 2002||Jun 26, 2003||Rajiv Grover||Tampon, in particular for feminine hygiene or medical purposes|
|WO2005058218A1 *||Dec 10, 2004||Jun 30, 2005||Mcguinness Keir||Sanitary product|
|WO2006123132A1 *||May 17, 2006||Nov 23, 2006||Mcguinness Keir||Sanitary product|
|U.S. Classification||604/359, 604/904, 604/360, 604/385.17, 604/377, 604/374, 128/834|
|International Classification||A61F13/20, A61F13/15|
|Cooperative Classification||A61F13/2051, A61F2013/47281, Y10S604/904|