US 390589 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
(No Model.) r s Sheets-Sheet 1 H. WQ GOODNOW.
Patented 001;. 2
TS OQ (No Model.) -3 Sheets-Sheet 2.
H: W. GOODNOW.
No. 390,589. Patented Oct. 2, 1888.
LVN name o w PETERS. Pholudhhcgnphcr, wmmm n. c.
(No Model.) 3 Sheets-Shet 3. j
H, W. GOODNOW.
Patented Oct. 2, 1888.
I l I I I m U I n I l I I witmaomo N. PETERS. Phniwlhhogapber, WnNnflmua STATES HENRY W. GOODNOVV, OF WORCESTER, MASSACHUSETTS.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 390,589, dated October 2, 1888.
To aZZ whom it may concern.-
Be it known that I, HENRY W. GoonNow,
a citizen of the United States, and a resident of Worcester, in the county of WVorcester and State of Massachusetts, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Portable Houses, set forth in the annexed specification, accompanied by drawings illustrating a portable house embodying my invention, and in which- D Figure 1 is a perspective view of one of my improved portable houses. Fig. 2 is a horizontal sectionalview of one of the houses. Fig. 3 is a vertical sectional view on line X X, Fig. 2, with a portion of the interior rear wall removed. Fig. 4 shows the frame-work of one of the sides of the roof. Fig. 5 is ahorizontal sectional view of a portion of the side walls, showing the construction of a corner of the house; and Fig. 6 is a horizontal sectional v1ew of a portion of one of the side walls.
Similar letters refer to similar parts in the different views.
My invention relates to the construction and arrangement of parts of a house in which the sides forming the upright walls and sides of the roof are built in a single piece and so connected at the corners that the structure can be readily taken apart for transportation; and it consists in the several details of construction, as hereinafter described, and specifically set forth in the annexed claims.
I first construct a platform, preferably sup ported upon the timbers A A and floor-joists B B, which constitutes the floor of the house, ofthe size of the inside of the frame forming the upright walls. The position of both timbers A A and joists B B is indicated by broken lines in Fig. 2. Around the platform I .place a strip of board, B, from two to four inches wide, and attached by nails or screws to the joists B B, forming a projecting ledge or shoulder, upon which the upright walls of the house rest.
Each of the sides of the house is similarly constructed, and therefore a description of one will serve as a description of the remaining sides.
The sill, or what in ordinary house-building corresponds to the sill, is formed of a board, 0, which may be from four to twelve inches in width. I prefer, however, to make it about sixinehes wide, so that when its lower edge rests upon the strip B it will extend above the upper surface of the floor D, to serve as a mop-board. Upon the upper edge of the board 0,, forming what I term the sill, I place a series of posts or studs, D, of sufficient height to form the walls of the house, with metallic strips a an attached to both the posts, and also to the board 0, and overlapping the joint between them. On the upper ends of the series of posts D is a strip, E, forming the plate upon which the roof rests. The post D',I usually make of strips about threeinches in width and one inch in thickness, and the plate E of the same dimensions, and attached to the upper ends of the series of posts in the same way as they are attached to the sill, as before de- SC1lb6d-Vlz., by the metallic plates or strips a a. The board forming the sill and the narrow strip forming the plate, with the posts or studs, thus form a rectangular frame having a series of openings between each of the posts. These openings are closed by a strip of paper,
card-board, or similar material, D each strip being equal in length to the height of the walls of the house and as wide as the space between the posts, with the width of the two adjacent posts added, so that the strips of paper or cardboard will lap at their edges for about the width of the posts, and I place the batten pieces F over the overlapping edges of the paper or card-board and secure them firmly to the posts D by means of nails or screws clamping the overlapping edges of the paper or card-board between the pieces F and the posts D.
Upon each of the corner-posts I fasten the leaves of ordinary hinges, G, one of which is shown in Fig. 5, one of the leaves being fastened upon one of the cornenposts and the corresponding leaf upon the contiguous post of the adjacent side, with the pintle uniting the two leaves of the hinge removable, so that the two adjacent sides of the house are readily separated. I attach the bottom board or sill, G, to the frame-work which supports the floor by means of the bolts H, (shown in Fig. 3,) the bolts passing through the sills into the ends of the floor-j oists,and also into the side of the two joists at the side of the house.
The roof is constructed in a manner similar to that of the sides just described, and is shown in detached view in Fig. 4, where the framework of one side of the roof is shown.
The strips I rest on the plates E, and the stripsJ form the hi p-rafters, which are brought together at the top, forming with the strips I a triangle, except when the house is provided with a ventilator at the top, as shown in the drawings, when the bar J is placed across. The side rafters, K K, are attached to the hiprafters and to the strips I in the same manner as the posts are attached to the sills and plates, as already describedviz., by means of the metallic plates or strips a a. The strips I and also the hip-rafters J are provided with the leaves of ordinary hinges, G, in the same manner as the corner-posts of the vertical walls above described, having removable pi-ntles which allow the roof sides to be attached to the plates and also at the hip-rafters in the same manner as the sides of the house are united. The joints formed at the corners of the vertical walls and also at the junction of the hip-rafters are closed, as shown in detail in Fig. 5, by means of a strip of paper, card-board, or some similar material, D", which is bent around the corner and fastened beneath the corner battens. The paper or card-board, D, with which the frame of the roof is covered, is likewise secured to the rafters by battenstrips L, and beneath the batten-strips placed over the hip-rafters I secure a strip of paper or card-board to close the joint between the hip-rafters, as shown at L, Fig. 3.
Between certain of the posts I place windows M by placing a bar, N, across the space between the post-s D and attached to the posts D by metallic plates (0 a, Fig. 3. In these rectangular spaces I place a window-sash by hinging it at the top, so that the bottom may be carried out from the house and supported by a brace-rod, D*, Fig. 1.
Between such of the posts as may be desired I place doors, one of which is shown at 0, Fig. 1. Upon the inside of the posts D, I place a lining, P, of paper or card-board, attached to the inner sides of the posts by means of the batten-strips P, clamping the lining firmly between the posts Dand the interior batten-strips, P.
The strips of paper or cardboard, D, covering the vertical walls of the house, extend down over the wide board forming the sill of the house, and the outside batten-strips, F, also extend downward over the sills, so that there is no open joint at the floor, and the corner strips of paper or card-board,D,entirely close thejoints at the corners of the vertical walls.
Then the house is to be taken down, the outside corner battens are removed and the corner strips of paper or card-board, D, are removed. The similar battens and strips of paper or card-board, L, at the junction of the hip-rafters are also removed, and the pintles of the connecting-hinges are withdrawn, the sides of the roof removed, and the vertical walls taken down by removing the bolts by which they are attached to the frame-work of ing be used, as shown, as it secures an airspace between the lining and the outer wall, rendering the house cooler in the summer and warmer in the winter. I also prefer to close the joint at the corners of the vertical walls on the inside by means of a strip, R, Fig. 5, secured beneath the interior corner battens, which can be removed, as in the case of the exterior corner battens, when the house is to be takendown. Instead of the timbers A A, forming in the present instance the support for the floor-j oists, posts driven into the ground may be employed.
I secure an ample ventilation of the interior of the house by means of a ventilator,S,placed at the apex of the roof, through which the heated and impure air of the interior finds exit in a constantly-ascending current, supplied by an inward current through the bot- 1 tom of the outwardly-opened windows.
I am aware that the frame-work of houses has heretofore been sheathed or covered with paper. Such use I do not claim; but
What I do claim as my invention, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-
1. As an article of manufacture, a portable house made as above described, and consisting of vertical walls formed by a series of posts securely united at their lower ends to a board placed edgewise to said posts and forming the sill, and at their upper ends to a strip of board placed edgewise to the posts and forming the plates, card-board strips overlapping one another and placed over and covering the rectangular openings between said posts, batten-strips placed over the overlapping strips of card-board and opposite each post to which it is attached, thereby clamping the edges of card-board between said posts and batten-strips, the adjacent posts at each corner being attached together by the leaves of ordinary hinges attached to the posts, said leaves being provided with removable pintles, whereby the sides may be separated at the corners, and a roof formed similarly to the sides-viz., of a light frame-work joined together at the corners and divided into openings by bars or rafters crossing said framework, and having the openings so formed covered with card-board, substantially as described.
2. The combination, with the frame-work having card-board panels, substantially as de scribed, and forming the vertical walls and roof of a portable house, of the leaves of or dinary hinges provided with removable pintles, said leaves being attached to the contiguat the corners and batten=strips placed outside and opposite said posts, substantially as de- IO scribed,
HENRY W. GOODNOW.
RUFUS B. FOWLER, JOHN C. WOODBURY.