|Publication number||US3907397 A|
|Publication date||Sep 23, 1975|
|Filing date||Sep 30, 1974|
|Priority date||Sep 30, 1974|
|Also published as||CA1021425A, CA1021425A1, DE2543458A1, DE2543458C2|
|Publication number||US 3907397 A, US 3907397A, US-A-3907397, US3907397 A, US3907397A|
|Inventors||Neil F Damon|
|Original Assignee||Augat Inc|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (3), Referenced by (4), Classifications (10)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent Damon 1 Sept. 23, 1975 men DENSITY CONNECTOR PLUG ASSEMBLY Primary Examiner-Roy Lake Assistant ExuminerNeil Abrams Attorney, Agent. or Firm-Weingarten. Maxhum & Schurgin  ABSTRACT A high density connector plug assembly for connecting a multi-wire cable bundle to a panel board. The plug assembly includes a two-element housing for enclosing the end of the wire bundle, flanges to form clamping apparatus extending from one side of the housing and abutting the wire bundle. a heat shrink able collar disposed around the wire bundle and the clamping apparatus for securing the housing elements and wire bundle securely together. and a multiplicity of connector pins. The individual wires of the cable bundle are connected to the connector pins which are arranged in a modified dual-in-line array. which pins may be mounted to a panel board or to an adaptor element for making external connections to circuitry.
9 Claims, 5 Drawing Figures I W qtenf qem. "1,1075 Sheet 1 0f 2 3,907,397
US Patent Sept. 23,1975 Sheet 2 of2 3,907,397
HIGH DENSITY CONNECTOR PLUG ASSEMBLY FIELD OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to electrical connection apparatus and more particularly concerns a connector for adapting a high density multi-wire cable bundle in a modified dual-in'line configuration for a high density connection to a printed circuit or panel board.
DISCUSSION OF THE PRIOR ART Multiple wire cable has been developed for use in the electronics industry, generally for purposes of making high density external electrical connections to printed circuit boards for mounting panels of the type designed to receive dual-in-line (DIL) electronic circuit packages. Some connecting plugs of the prior art feed a multi-wire twisted cable bundle vertically through an opening in a cover which is bolted to a connector having two parallel rows of holes to receive electrical connection pins, which pins are in turn mated to a similar array of holes or socket pins on panel board or intermediate connectors. The cable bundle can also enter the connector plug through an opening in its side or end. An example of the prior art is shown in US. Pat. No. 3,506,945. The individual wires of the bundle are inserted in each of the sockets of contacts mounted in the plug. The connector plugs of the prior art have definite density limitations in DIL configurations due to pin spacing, modularity strictures, even with the emphasis presently placed on miniaturized modular integrated circuit units. Optimum density otherwise available cannot be realized. It has become the current practice to design modular printed circuit boards so that when an electronic element mounted thereto fails, the board itself may be simply removed and thrown away. The conventional DIL configuration is not ideal for multi-wire cable connection because the DlL connector plug assembly uses significant panel board surface space. Since panel boards are often stacked closely adjcacent one another in modular construction, it is important that the cable bundle not add to the total height of the connector plug. Because of the inherent width of flat ribbon cables, their use has not been widely accepted for high density panel board purposes.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention provides a novel high density low profile modified DIL connector plug assembly for connecting a high density multi-wire cable bundle to a printed circuit board, panel board, or other type mounting media. The adaptor plug is generally comprised of a hood, a base and a plurality of contact pins. The generally rectangular hood having a top, two sides and one end is adapted to slidably engage an L-shaped base having an end and a bottom. An opening in the end of the L-shaped base provides a transverse entry way for the cable bundle into the housing. Upper and lower flanges horizontally disposed on the hood and base, respectively, provide a low profile cable clamp. A heat shrinkable collar is placed around the cable and over the flanges of the clamping apparatus. When heat is applied to the collar, the collar shrinks and tightly binds the cable bundle and clamp flanges of the hood and base together so that the connector plug assembly is captivated a relatively rigid structure.
The bottom of the L-shaped base has an orthogonal matrix of countersunk bores in which metal connector pins are disposed to which are electrically and physically connected the individual wires of the cable bundle. The modified DIL configuration employed by this invention is essentially a double dual-in-line array wherein the normal space between the two rows of a DIL is filled with two more DIL rows so that there are four rows of holes or pins in parallel. The unitary connector plug formed of the hood, base, cable bundle and collar may be mounted directly to an appropriate array of holes in a printed circuit board, through an insulative adaptor to a similar board. The adaptor may have different types of contact pins extending therefrom. The high density low profile configuration of the instant in vention facilitates low cost miniaturization of integrated circuit modular components.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING The objects, advantages and features of this invention will become more readily apparent from the following detailed description when taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in which:
FIG. I is a perspective view of the high density, low profile connector plug of the instant invention in posi tion to be inserted through an intermediate wire wrapping adaptor element;
FIG. 2 is an exploded partially broken-away perspective view showing the connection of an individual wire of the multi-wire cable bundle to a contact pin within the plug of the invention;
FIG. 3 is a perspective view of a panel board showing the connector plug of this invention together with integrated circuit packages mounted to the board;
FIG. 4 is a perspective view of an alternative base element of this connector plug; and
FIG. 5 is a modified embodiment of the invention similar to the View of FIG. I with the elements fitted together.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT The present invention provides a high density, low profile connector plug assembly for connecting a multiwire cable bundle to a printed circuit or panel board or into an adaptor element which in turn can be mounted onto a panel board or other mounting assembly. Referring now to FIGS. I and 2 of the drawing, there is shown a generally rectangular connector plug assembly 10 comprising a generally rectangular hood I2 having a top 14, sides I6 and I8 and a forward end 20, and a generally L-shaped base 50 having a rearward end 52 and a bottom plate 54 slidably engaging hood I2 to form a housing. A longitudinal laterally disposed slot 28 is disposed in the inside surface of side 16 of the hood and extends throughout the length of the inside surface thereof. A similar slot (not shown) is disposed in the inside surface of side I8 of the hood. Generally longitudinal laterally disposed shoulders 74 are formed on the side edges of the bottom plate 54 of base 50. The slots 28 and shoulders 74 are mutually engaged when hood I2 is slid rearwardly in alignment with base 50.
The end 52 of L-shaped base 50 has a generally V- shaped opening 56 therein through which the wires of cable bundle 40 extend into the inside of assembly I0.
A horizontally disposed upper flange 22 extends rear wardly from the top 14 of hood l2 and has a series of ridges 24 disposed on its top and a concave arcuate downwardly facing surface 26. The arcuate surface 26 extends the full distance across hood 12 from flange 22 across the underside of top 14. Horizontally disposed lq er flange 58 extends rearwardly from the bottom of V-shaped opening 56 on base 50 and has a plurality of ridges (not shown) on its underside similar to ridges 24 on the upper flange 22 and a concave arcuate upwardly facing surface 60. The upper and lower flanges 22, 58 are disposed in cooperative relationship to form a clamping apparatus abutting the cable bundle 40 which passes between them.
An orthogonal matrix of countersunk holes are disposed through the bottom plate 54 of base 50 and metal contact pins 72 are pressed into the holes of the matrix. The individual wire 42 of multi-wirc cable bundle 40 are connected to each of the contact pins, preferably by soldering, crimping or by other suitable means. FIG. 2, for purposes of simplicity, shows only a single wire 42 crimped to socket 73 of pin 72. The wire is stripped a short distance and inserted into the socket opening in each pin, and crimped in place, as indicated by dimples 75. An inspection hole 76 is provided in each pin socket to be sure that the bare strands of each wire 42 are visible at that depth in the socket.
A heat shrinkable collar 80 is disposed around the cable bundle 40 and around upper and lower flanges 22 and 58. Under the application of heat, the collar contracts in conventional manner around the flanges 22 and 58 and around the cable bundle and engages ridges 24 to firmly secure the abutting flanges around the periphery of the cable bundle to prevent the cable from being easily removed from the housing. This securely connects the cable, base and hood of the assembly to gether. Because of the engagement of shoulder 74 with slot 28, vertical relative motion between hood and base is prevented, and collar 80 prevents any sliding or horizontal relative motion. The collar not only secures the elements together, it also provides effective strain relief for the cable bundle as it enters the housing. It may be appreciated that this type of connection and strain rclief is much simpler than conventional screw-type clamps.
The assembly of the major elements of the invention is preferably accomplished by loosely sliding collar 80 onto the multi-wire cable bundle, electrically and physically connecting the conductors of each individual wire 42 to each of the connector pins 72 in base 50, sliding hood 12 onto the base, sliding collar 80 around flanges 22 and 58, and applying heat to the collar with a suitable heat applicator of conventional design so that it shrinks tightly around the flanges 22 and 58 and the cable.
In FIG. I there is shown a flat, generally rectangular insulator element 90 having an orthogonal matrix of countersunk holes 92 therethrough equivalent to the corresponding orthogonal matrix of holes in base 50. Electrical contact pins 96 are disposed through the holes 92 and are adapted to accept the contact pins 72 in base 50 into the sockets 98 in the top of each pin 96. The pins 96 may be wire wrapping, solder cup, printed circuit or other type terminals. Mounting cars 94 are provided on opposite ends of insulator 90 with mounting holes 97 therethrough for mounting the insulator to a suitable base if desired. In other instances the contact pins will sufficiently frictionally engage the board to which it is mounted or the pins will be soldered thereto.
The housing 10 and insulator element are preferably made of a thermoplastic, a thermosetting plastic or other suitable material. However, it will be appreciated that any suitable moldable electrically insulative material may be used.
Depression 30 on the forward end 20 of hood 12 is provided for easy thumb grip handling of the assembled connector plug. To remove the assembly from its mounting, the fingers may engage the clamping apparatus and the thumb will then engage depression 30. Horizontally disposed, generally rectangular slots 100 located on the outside of sides 16 and 18 of housing 12 are provided for engagement by the jaws of a typical removal tool for an alternate means of removal. Corner slot 102 is provided on the top 14 of hood 12 for visual polarization for connector orientation.
With reference now to FIG. 3, there is shown a panel board 101 to which are mounted two connector plug assemblies 10 of this invention. An unused array 104 of quadruple-in-line holes in the board is also shown. Integrated circuit packages (IC's) 105 are shown mounted directly to the board via conventional dual-in-line hole arrays 106. As an alternative the entire board may be drilled with quadruple-in-line arrays so that either lCs or the instant connector plugs may be mounted wherever desired on the board surface. It may be appreciated that use of this invention as an input/output connector as shown in this Figure, makes very efficient use of space. While the two connector plug assemblies shown in FIG. 3 appear to be a significant distance apart, they can be much more densely packed. They are shown with wide spacing in FIG. 3 only for purposes of clarity.
An alternative embodiment of the connector pins of base 50 is shown in FIG. 4. Solder cups may be used in place of the crimp sockets 73 shown in FIG. 2. Each wire of the cable bundle would be stripped a short distance and the bare strands soldered to one of solder cups 110. That portion of pins 112 projecting downwardly from base 50 are substantially the same as those shown in FIGS. 1 and 2 identified by reference numeral FIG. 5 is similar to FIG. 1 but the connector plug assembly 10 has been mounted to a modified adaptor element 116. This adapter has printed circuit board pins 118 and is adapted to be soldered to a printed circuit or panel board. Because of this modified type of mounting, the mounting cars 94 shown in the FIG. I embodiment are not necessary. In this case, these con nector plug assemblies may be mounted even closer to gether to increase density and make more efficient use of board surface area.
It will be appreciated that the present invention provides a low profile connector plug adapted to receive a high density, multi-wire cable bundle for connection either directly to panel board or to a multi-contact insulator element. The modified DIL configuration of the cable connector pins results in space saving with higher space efficiency which can be usefully employed particularly with low cost high density circuit modules.
It may be appreciated that the type of connector pin employed by either the connector plug assembly or the adaptor is not important with respect to this invention. The mounting cars could be used to mount the adaptors to a frame rather than to panel boards if desired. With wire wrapping pins extending from the adaptors,
a group of them mounted to a frame effectively forms a wire wrapping pin board.
In view of the above description. it is likely that modifications and improvements will occur to those skilled in the art which are within the scope of this invention.
What is claimed is:
l. A high density connector plug assembly for conneeting a multi-wire cable bundle to a panel board comprising:
a generally rectangular housing for enclosing the end of said multi-wire cable bundle, said housing comprising:
a generally rectangular hood having two sides, a
top and a forward end, the rearward end and bottom of said hood being open;
a generally L-shaped base having a bottom plate and an end, said end fitting the open rearward end of said hood and said bottom plate fitting the open bottom of said hood, said base having a generally V-shaped opening in said end and an orthogonal matrix of countersunk bores through said bottom plate; and
means for coupling said base and said hood together;
a plurality of electrical connector pins disposed in said bores of said base and projecting outwardly from one side thereof, the wires of said cable bundle being individually connected electrically and physically to said connector pins;
clamping apparatus disposed at said V-shaped opening comprising: an upper flange integral with and extending rearwardly from said hood top; and
a lower flange integral with and extending rearwardly from the base of said V-shaped opening in said rearward end of said base, said lower flange cooperatively with said upper flange abutting the top and bottom of said cable bundle.
2. The connector plug assembly according to claim 1 and further comprising a heat shrinkable collar disposed around said upper and lower flanges and said cable, said collar engaging said flanges and said cable when shrunk pursuant to the application of heat.
3. The connector plug assembly according to claim 1 wherein said means for coupling said base and said hood comprises:
a generally lateral longitudinal slot in the inside surface of each side of said hood coextensive with the length of said inside surface; and
a generally lateral, longitudinal shoulder on each side of said bottom plate of said base cooperative with 5 said slots in said hood sides.
4. The connector plug assembly according to claim 1 and further comprising an arcuate depression on said forward end of said hood extending from the bottom throughout a major portion of the height of said hood, said depression facilitating easy handling of the assembled connector plug.
5. The connector plug assembly according to claim 2 wherein each of said upper and lower flanges is formed with at least one lateral ridge on its outer surface for engagement by said collar.
6. The connector plug assembly according to claim 5 wherein each of said upper and lower flanges is formed with a concave arcuate surface facing said cable bundle.
7. The connector plug assembly according to claim 3 and further comprising a heat shrinkable collar disposed around said upper and lower flanges and said cable, said collar engaging said flanges and said cable when shrunk pursuant to the application of heat, said collar and said coupling means combining to securely couple said hood to said base and captivate said flanges and said cable bundle as a unitary connector plug as sembly.
8. A connector plug assembly according to claim 1 and further comprising;
a generally flat rectangular adaptor having:
an orthogonal matrix of countersunk bores;
a plurality of metal contact pins disposed in said bores of said matrix, each having a socket in one end to receive said connector pins in said base;
a bore at each end for mounting purposes.
9. A connector plug assembly insulator element for use with the connector plug assembly according to claim 1 comprising:
a generally flat rectangular body having:
an orthogonal matrix of countersunk bores;
a plurality of metal connector pins disposed in said bores of said matrix; and
a bore at each end through a support ear for accepting a support mounting.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3335395 *||Mar 19, 1965||Aug 8, 1967||Westinghouse Electric Corp||Angle plug|
|US3375481 *||Apr 1, 1966||Mar 26, 1968||Bunker Ramo||Cable connector|
|US3506945 *||Jul 22, 1968||Apr 14, 1970||Augat Inc||Six-way plug connector|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4306760 *||Jan 31, 1980||Dec 22, 1981||The Perkin-Elmer Corporation||Cable connector assembly|
|US4327045 *||Mar 25, 1980||Apr 27, 1982||Yuka Badische Company Limited||Cooling process suitable for foam molding of a synthetic resin and its cooling apparatus|
|US6434315 *||Jun 23, 2000||Aug 13, 2002||Molex Incorporated||Fiber optic connector|
|US6434316 *||Jun 23, 2000||Aug 13, 2002||Molex Incorporated||Fiber optic connector|
|U.S. Classification||439/466, 439/694, 439/470, 439/932|
|International Classification||H01R13/502, H01R12/22, H01R12/16|
|Cooperative Classification||Y10S439/932, H01R13/502|