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Publication numberUS3908547 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 30, 1975
Filing dateMar 16, 1972
Priority dateFeb 22, 1968
Also published asDE1622360A1, DE1622360B2, DE1622360C3
Publication numberUS 3908547 A, US 3908547A, US-A-3908547, US3908547 A, US3908547A
InventorsRochlitz Jurgen
Original AssigneeHoechst Ag
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Hydrophilizing solution for electrophotographic images
US 3908547 A
Abstract
This invention relates to a process for hydrophilizing the non-image areas of an electrophotographically-produced printing master which comprises treating the master with a hydrophilizing solution which comprises water, at least one bivalent metal salt, at least one easily hydrolyzable metal salt, and a water-soluble urea-formaldehyde resin curable by a bivalent metal salt.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent [1 1 Roehlitz [451 Sept. 30, 1975 1 1 HYDROPHILIZING SOLUTION FOR ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHIC IMAGES [75] Inventor: Jurgen Rochlitz, Wiesbaden,

Germany [73] Assignee: Hoeehst Aktiengesellsehaft, Germany [22] Filed: Mar. 16, 1972 1211 Appl. No.: 235,378

Related U.S. Application Data [60] Continuation of Ser. No. 72,146, Sept. 14, 1970, abandoned. which is a division of Scr. No. 800,764, Feb. 19, 1969. abandoned.

{30] Foreign Application Priority Data Feb, 22. 1968 Germany 1622360 [52] U.S. Cl 101/465; 101/451; 260/294 R; 427/17 [51] Int. Cl? B41N 3/08; C08L 61/24 [58] Field of Search 106/2, 14.5; 117/34, 35.6;

[56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,107 169 10/1963 Bornorth 96/33 3,354,824 11/1967 Griffith et a1. 101/451 3.513,000 5/1970 Vrancken et a1. 106/145 Primary E.\amim'rRobert F. White Assistant E.\'an-1incrJames B. Lowe Attorney, Agent, or Firm-James E. Bryan 4 Claims, No Drawings HYDROPHILIZING SOLUTION FOR ELECTROPI-IOTOGRAPHIC IMAGES This is a continuation of application Ser. No. 72,146, filed Sept. 14, 1970, and now abandoned, which is a division of application Ser. No. 800,764, filed Feb. 19, 1969, and now abandoned.

This invention relates to a solution for hydrophilizing the image-free areas of an electrophotographic layer, which particularly also may be liquid-developed, in the production of planographic printing foils, which solution comprises aqueous solutions of bivalent metal salts, if desired a water-soluble solvent, and, if desired, additional known additives.

It is known that copies having images produced on electrophotographic zinc oxide layers can be converted into offset printing foils by means of aqueous solutions of polyacrylic acid, K Fe(CN) or zinc acetate. It has been suggested to hydrophilize such copies by treating them with aqueous solutions of bivalent metal salts.

These known processes can be employed only with image layers which have been prepared by dry means, i.e., by treatment with a dry development powder. The aforementioned methods cannot be used when liquiddeveloped image layers are to be hydrophilized. The image areas of liquid-developed copies are covered with toner to a lesser extent than are the dry-developed ones so that the copies are hydrophilized without any differentiation and the printing ink does not adhere.

The present invention provides a hydrophilizing solution capable of hydrophilizing liquid-developed image layers with differentiation so that longer printing runs can be achieved than with the known processes.

The invention is based upon an aqueous solution of bivalent metal salts, if desired a water-soluble solvent, and, if desired, additional known additives. The solution also contains an easily hydrolyzable metal salt, particularly iron (III) chloride, and, if desired, a watersoluble resin which is curable with metal salts.

Suitable bivalent metal salts contained in the hydrophilizing solution according to the invention are, particularly, water-soluble acetates, nitrates, chlorides, and/or formiates of barium, cadmium, calcium, cobalt, copper, lead, iron, manganese, nickel, strontium, zinc, and the like. Especially suitable are CuCl CuBr CuSO Cu(CH CO CoCl Co(NO NiSO NiCl MnSO MnCl Mn(CI-I CO and FeCl These salts generally are used in concentrations of about 1 to per cent by weight, calculated on the weight of aqueous solution.

The solution also may contain a water-soluble organic solvent, such as ethyl alcohol, acetone, methyl glycol, i-propyl alcohol, dioxane, ethyl glycol, or dimethyl sulfoxide, which serves for softening the electrophotographic layer and for facilitating the action of the salts. Further, the hydrophilizing solution may contain, in known manner, filmforming substances, e.g. gum arabic, polyvinyl acetate polymer, e.g. Mowilith (Registered Trademark) of Farbwerke Hoechst AG, Germany, polyglycols, phenolformaldehyde resins, and the like.

Suitable water-soluble hydrolyzable metal salts which make the hydrophilizing solution utilizable for the treatment of liquid-developed layers, are, particularly, iron (III) chloride, aluminum chloride (cryst.), cerium (III) ammonium nitrate, cerium (IV) ammonium sulfate, cerium (III) nitrate, aluminum potassium sulfate, chromium (III) nitrate, iron (III) nitrate, bismuth nitrate, and cobalt (III) chloride.

These salts areused in quantities of about 10 to 150, preferably 25 to 50, per cent by weight, calculated on the weight of the bivalent metal salt.

According to another feature of the invention, it is particularly advantageous to add to the solution other water-soluble resins which are curable with the bivalent metal salts, such as, particularly, urea and/or melamine resins, and the like. The resin component may be present in a quantity of 5 to 25 per cent by weight, calculated on the weight of the total solution.

The hydrophilizing solution of the invention is particularly suitable for the treatment of images produced on zinc oxide layers, but it may be similarly employed for any other organic or inorganic photoconducting layers applied to any supports, such as paper, plastic films, or metal foils.

In addition to its advantages for hydrophilizing liquid-developed images, the solution also is very suitable for hydrophilizing dry-developed electrophotographic copies.

Particularly in the case of liquid-developed electrophotographic images, the solution of the present invention leads to a very good differentiation of the image areas from the non-image areas, so that good adhesion of the printing ink and long printing runs are obtained. It is thus possible to obtain runs of 50 to 1,000 prints with a zinc oxide layer on a paper support without the zinc oxide binder layer being damaged in the offset machine by the roller pressure or adhesive action of the printing ink. Such long printing runs could not be achieved according to the hitherto known processes.

The present invention also relates to a process for hydrophilizing planographic printing formes with the use of the solutions of the invention, in which the fountain solution in the offset machine consists entirely or partially of these solutions. The content of the hydrophilizing solution in the fountain solution advantageously is about 25 to per cent by weight.

Using this process, after-hydrophilizing during the printing procedure is not necessary so that a particularly good printing quality is obtained. The preferable solvent used in this case is acetone or methyl glycol.

If desired, further improvements are obtained by adding additional water-soluble polymer substances, e.g. water-soluble dextranes or cellulose ether.

The invention will be further illustrated by reference to the following specific examples:

An image produced on an electrophotographic zinc oxide paper was liquid-developed by treating it with a commercial liquid toner (e.g. a carbon black/fusible resin dispersion in a high-boiling (about to 210C.) hydrocarbon mixture) and the copy was then clamped into an offset printing machine and treated by means of a sponge with a hydrophilizing solution of the composition indicated below. The composition of the fountain solution and the length of printing run obtained are listed in the following table.

TABLE I l-lydrophilizing solution Composition of the fountain solution Printing Run (No. of copies) (2) 6 g CuCl. l.5 g FeCl as in (I) 20 ml. Resamin 20 ml. H and 35 ml. methyl glycol. (3) 6 g as in (I) about 500 CuCl. 1 s FeCl 20 ml. Resamin 403 F (6071); 20 ml. H 0: and 35 ml. acetone. (4) o g (uCl 1.5 g FeCl 300 ml. fountain solu- 20 ml. Resamin 403 F; tion (as in l l00 20 ml. H 0; and ml. hydrophilizing 35 ml. acetone. solution. (5) 6 g CuCl. 1.5 g FeCl 250 ml. fountain soluml. Resamin 403 F; tion (as in I 250 ml.

20 ml. H 0; and hydrophilizing solution ml. acetone. (as stated). (6) 6 g CuCI 3 g Fccl 350 ml. H 0;

ml. H 0; and ml. Resamin 403 F; 35 ml. acetone. and 20 g CoCl. (7) 20 ml. Resamin 403 F; 32 g CuCl.

20 ml. H 0; and 8 g FeCl and 35 ml. acetonev 400 ml. H 0. (8) 6 g CuCl e g FeCl 20 g CuCl 20 ml. Resamin 403 F; l5 g FeCl 20 ml. H 0; and 35 ml. Resamin 403 F; 35 mlv methyl glycol. 117 ml. methyl glycol;

and 248 ml. H 0. (9) 6 g CuCl L 4.5 g FeCl 30 ml. Resamin 403 F; 40 ml. H 0; and 20 g. CoCl and 35 mlv acetone. 270ml. H 0. (10) 6gCuCl ;lgAlCl asin(l) (cryst.) 20 ml. H 0;

20 ml. of a 6071 butanol/ xylene solution of a urea formaldehyde resin (Resamin 403 F of Chemisehc Werkc Albert, Wiesbaden-Biebrich Germany):

20 ml. H 0, and

35 ml. dimethyl sulfoxide.

35 ml. acetone; and 20 ml. Resamin 403 F.

Mixture of 300 ml. Water, 700 ml. glycerol and l g polyvinyl phosphonic acid.

about 300 about 300 about 600 about 700 about 300 about 400 about 500 about 500 about 500 As can be seen particularly from Examples 4 and 5, the addition of hydrophilizing solution to the fountain solution considerably increases the printing run.

It will be obvious to those skilled in the art that many modifications may be made within the scope of the present invention without departing from the spirit thereof, and the invention includes all such modifications.

What is claimed is:

nium nitrate, cerium (IV) ammonium sulfate, cerium (III) nitrate, aluminum potassium sulfate, chromium (III) nitrate, iron (lll) nitrate, bismuth nitrate and cobalt (III) chloride, said easily hydrolyzable metal salt being used in a quantity in the range of about 10 to 150 per cent by weight, calculated on the weight of the bivalent metal salt, and

d. a water-soluble urea-formaldehyde resin curable by a bivalent metal salt, said resin being present in a quantity in the range of about 5 to 25 per cent by weight, calculated on the weight of the total aqueous solution.

2. A process according to claim 1 in which the solution includes a plurality of bivalent metal salts.

3. A process according to claim 1 in which the solution contains a water-soluble solvent.

4. A process according to claim 1 in which the solumanganese and iron and bwalent metal salt bemg tion constitutes at least a part of a fountain solution.

used in a concentration in the range of about 1 to 10 per cent by weight, calculated on the weight of total aqueous solution,

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3107169 *Dec 18, 1958Oct 15, 1963Bruning Charles Co IncProcesses of producing lithographic electrostatic printing plates
US3354824 *May 4, 1964Nov 28, 1967Interchem CorpLithographic fountain solutions and method of use
US3513000 *Feb 18, 1966May 19, 1970Agfa Gevaert NvProcess for reversed planographic printing
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4058470 *Oct 24, 1975Nov 15, 1977A. B. Dick CompanyLiquid developer composition for lithographic masters
US4265987 *Sep 11, 1978May 5, 1981Coulter Systems CorporationZinc and/or cadmium sulfide, chromic acid
US5695912 *Jul 3, 1996Dec 9, 1997Iwatsu Electric Co., Ltd.Depositing an ink on the liophilic image, tranferring the image onto a paper, desensitizing nonimage portion of photosensitive layer using basic aluminum chloride in acid aqueous solution; free from ferro or ferricyanic compounds
EP0219719A1 *Sep 29, 1986Apr 29, 1987DS-Druckerei ServiceFountain solution for lithographic printing
Classifications
U.S. Classification430/49.7, 430/104, 101/451, 101/465
International ClassificationB41N3/08, B41N3/00
Cooperative ClassificationB41N3/08
European ClassificationB41N3/08