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Publication numberUS3908702 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 30, 1975
Filing dateMay 4, 1973
Priority dateMay 4, 1972
Publication numberUS 3908702 A, US 3908702A, US-A-3908702, US3908702 A, US3908702A
InventorsJan Arie Klosse, Klaas Klosse
Original AssigneeJan Arie Klosse, Klaas Klosse
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Mixing fluid components
US 3908702 A
Abstract
Portions of fluid components are mixed during transport through a tube by continuously disturbing their flow pattern in a controlled manner during their passage through the tube. The disturbance is created by providing the tube with a radially inward profile which in a preferred form is an internal screw-thread of a thickness 0.25 to 0.75 times the internal diameter of the tube and having a pitch 0.75 to 1.5 times the internal diameter of the tube.
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent [191 Klosse et al.

[5 MIXING FLUID COMPONENTS [76] Inventors: Jan Arie Klosse; Klaas Klosse, both of Hessenwcg 21 1, De Bilt, Netherlands {22] Filed: May 4, 1973 [21] Appl. No.: 357,269

[30] Foreign Application Priority Data May 4 1972 Netherlands 72060l6 [52] US. Cl 138/42; 23/230 R; 48/180 R; 138/44 [51] Int. Cl. B01F 05/00; BOlF 15/02 [58] Field Of Search 138/42, 44, 140144; 259/4; 48/180 R; 23/230 R, 259

[56] References Cited 1 UNITED STATES PATENTS 1.720.245 7/1929 Smith 138/42 X 2,146.823 2/1939 Karmazin 138/42 2254,5157 9/1941 Williams 138/42 X 145] Sept. 30, 1975 2.295.988 9/1942 Brace 138/42 X 2,901,327 8/1959 Thayer et al.. 29/230 R 2977,19) 3/1961 Quittner 23/230 R 3,501,273 3/1970 Agner 73/423 A 3,543.805 12/1970v Matthews et al. 138/141 3,647,187 3/1972 Dannewitz et al. 259/4 Primary E.\'aminerRichard C. Queisser Assistant E.raminerDaniel M. Yasich Attorney, Agent, or F irmCushman, Darby & Cushman [57] ABSTRACT Portions of fluid components are mixed during transport through a tube by continuously disturbing their flow pattern in a controlled manner during their passage through the tube; The disturbance is created by providing the tube with a radially inward profile which in a preferred form is an internal screw-thread of a thickness 0.25 to 0.-75.times the internal diameter of the tube and having a pitch 0.75 to 1.5 times the internal diameter of the tube.

4 Claims,5 0 Drawing Figures U.S. Patent Sept. 30,1975 Sheet 1 of 19 3,908,702

US. Patent Sept. 30,1975 Sheet20f 19 3,908,702

Fl6.6 m1. m2

MT 0,5 M MT 0,1M MT 0 H mm HM MT 5M MT 2" U.S. Patent Sept. 30,1975 Sheet30f 19 3,908,702

FIG. 5 FIG. 3

k k A:

MS 0,1M Ms 0M MS 2" MS 05!! US. Patent Sept. 30,1975 Sheet4 of 19 3,908,702

FIG- 12 US. Patent Sept. 50,1975 SheetS of 19 3,908,702

| FIG.1B FIG. 17

U.S. Patent Sept. 30,1975 Sheet6of 19 3,908,702

FIG. 2a-

FIG. 19 f MT MT US. Patent Sept. 30,1975 Sheet7 @11 3,908,702

FIG. 21 1 w 1.11.3 air I phusphclte -}-|i -molybda te I 11111111111 1: 1 I l1.1.22

to waste to 2 waste "l .JLEZ] y 3 I.

. FIG. 22 FIG. 23

' US. Patent Sept. 30,1975 Sheet9of19 3,908,702

FIG. 15 Y 1M3 cu cured so utlon 1-153 non-coloured I I solutlon L to waste Bfiflnm 15mm FIG. 27 FIG. 26

US. Patent Sept. 30,1975 Sheet 10 of 19 3,908,702

n u phosphate v L752 molyhdute l I vitamin c g z LJ to waste 660 nm 15 mm FIG. 30: FI 29 U.S. Patent Sept. 30,1975 Sheet 11 01 19 3,908 702 NM a:

US. Patent Sept. 30,1975 Sheet 12 of 19 3,908,702

FIG. 33 FIG. 3h

\P-w l Mood US. Patent Sept. 30,1975 Sheet 13 of 19 3,908,702

FIG. 3B

[Mx FIG 37 U.S. Patent Se )t.30,1975 Sheet 14 0519 3,908,702

FIG. 38

FIG. 39

U.S. Patent Sept. 30,1975 Sheet 15 of 19 3,908,702

FIG. L0 FIB. M

U.S. Patent Sept. 30,1975 Sheet 16 0f 19 3,908,702

FIG. 42 1 m M blood i cyanide L I /3 to waste UJ 1 3 I.

51.0 nm 15 mm FIG. L7 FIG. 48

Sept. 30,1975 Sheet 17 of 19 3,908,702

U.S. Patent US. Patent Sept. 30,1975 Sheet 18 of 19 3,908,702

c T 3 '5 g:

FIB. 1.5

U.S. Patepnt Sept. 30,1975 Sheet 19 of 19 3,908,702

49 IIIIIII UBE

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1720245 *Apr 29, 1926Jul 9, 1929Smith John WilliamMixing device
US2146823 *Apr 30, 1936Feb 14, 1939Gen Motors CorpRefrigerating apparatus and method of making same
US2254587 *Nov 9, 1937Sep 2, 1941Linde Air Prod CoApparatus for dispensing gas material
US2295988 *Apr 24, 1939Sep 15, 1942Hoover CoRefrigeration
US2901327 *May 23, 1955Aug 25, 1959Beckman Instruments IncMethod for measuring traces of dissolved oxygen
US2977199 *Dec 31, 1956Mar 28, 1961Ind Rayon CorpMethod for the continuous testing of flowing materials
US3501273 *Jun 20, 1967Mar 17, 1970Agner KjellApparatus for automatic analysis
US3543805 *Jun 24, 1966Dec 1, 1970Moore & Co SamuelComposite tubing
US3647187 *Aug 3, 1970Mar 7, 1972Technicon InstrStatic mixer and method of making same
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4222672 *Apr 19, 1979Sep 16, 1980University Patents, Inc.Static mixer
US4315754 *Aug 28, 1979Feb 16, 1982Bifok AbFlow injection analysis with intermittent flow
US5741466 *Jun 3, 1994Apr 21, 1998Atomaer Pty LtdForcing mixture of liquid phase first substance and immiscible second substance having different relative densities to flow through corrugated passageway
US7041218Jun 9, 2003May 9, 2006Inflowsion, L.L.C.Static device and method of making
US7045060Dec 5, 2003May 16, 2006Inflowsion, L.L.C.Apparatus and method for treating a liquid
US7331705Dec 5, 2002Feb 19, 2008Inflowsion L.L.C.Static device and method of making
US8821006 *Jan 11, 2007Sep 2, 2014Ricoh Company, Ltd.Microscopic flow passage structure, microscopic liquid droplet generating method, microscopic liquid droplet generating system, particles, and microcapsules
US8834016Apr 27, 2012Sep 16, 2014Tetra Technologies, Inc.Multi chamber mixing manifold
US20130010567 *Mar 18, 2011Jan 10, 2013Commissariat A L'energie Atomique Et Aux Energies AlternativesAgitator of a liquid sample
EP0701474A1 *Jun 3, 1994Mar 20, 1996Atomaer Pty. Ltd.Multiphase staged passive reactor
EP1405667A2 *Jun 3, 1994Apr 7, 2004Atomaer Pty LtdMultiphase staged passive reactor
WO2013042084A2Sep 21, 2012Mar 28, 2013Cydaf Technologies LimitedApparatus for separation and processing of materials
Classifications
U.S. Classification138/42, 436/66, 138/44, 48/189.4, 436/105, 436/52
International ClassificationB01L99/00, B01F3/10, B01F5/00, G01N35/08, B01F5/06
Cooperative ClassificationB01F3/10, B01F5/0646, G01N35/08
European ClassificationG01N35/08, B01F3/10, B01F5/06B3F