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Publication numberUS3908711 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 30, 1975
Filing dateMay 1, 1974
Priority dateJan 21, 1974
Also published asCA1023646A, CA1023646A1, DE2500567A1
Publication numberUS 3908711 A, US 3908711A, US-A-3908711, US3908711 A, US3908711A
InventorsJr Richard Everett Goff, Normand Daniel Guay
Original AssigneeJohnson & Johnson
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Narrow elastic waistband fabric and method of manufacturing the same
US 3908711 A
Abstract
A lightweight, narrow, elastic, waistband fabric comprising two sets of warp yarns. The warp yarns of one set are elastic core covered and the warp yarns of the other set are non-covered. The warp yarns are woven in a reverse leno weave with each elastic core covered yarn leno woven with a doup yarn. Adjacent elastic yarns are on opposite faces of the fabric and the elastic yarns along the longitudinal edges of the leno weave are on the same face of the fabric and are woven in a reverse leno with respect to each other.
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United States Patent Goff, Jr. et a1.

[ Sept. 30, 1975 NARRow ELASTIC WAISTBAND FABRIC AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME Inventors: Richard Everett Goff, Jr.,

Barrington; Normand Daniel Guay, Woonsocket, both of R.l.

Assignee: Johnson & Johnson, New

Brunswick, NJ.

Filed: May 1, 1974 Appl. N0.: 465,776

Related US. Application Data Continuation-impart of Ser. No. 435,060, Jan. 21,

US. Cl 139/419; 139/421 Int. Cl. D03D 19/00 Field of Search 139/383, 419, 420 R, 421,

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 4/1929 Moore 139/419 /6. II/Ill 1,961,961 6/1934 Coldwell 139/419 2,582,169 1/1952 Schiappa 139 421 3,172,430 3/1965 Weidhaas 139/422 3,788,366 1 1974 Campbell et a1, 139/419 Primary ExaminerHenry S. Jaudon [57] ABSTRACT A lightweight, narrow, elastic, waistband fabric comprising two sets of warp yarns. The warp yarns of one set are elastic core covered and the warp yarns of the other set are non-covered. The warp yarns are woven in a reverse leno weave with each elastic core covered yarn leno woven with a doup yarn. Adjacent elastic yarns are. on opposite faces of the fabric and the elastic yarns along the longitudinal edges of the leno weave are on the same face of the fabric and are woven in a reverse leno with respect to each other.

14 Claims, 4 Drawing Figures US. Patent Sept. 30,1975 Sheet 2 of2 l NARROW ELASTIC WAISTBAND FABRlciAND METHOD OFMANUFAC T UR ING SfAIVIE v I This is a continuation-impart applicationof our copending application Ser. No. 435,060 filed-Jan, 21, 1974.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION In recent years narrow elastic fabrics have gained considerable acceptance as waistbands in articles of apparel. This is especially true if the apparel is made from knit and/or stretch type fabrics as is so prevalent today. Waistbands should have the characteristics of preventing rollover of the edge of the apparel, they should be resilient, have desired washing and dry cleaning properties as well as the necessary stretch characteristics. Furthermore, it is desirable that they have aesthetic qualities and when used in summer-weight wear or in many womens garments, childerns garments and the like, they should be lightweight.

-In the past it has been extremely difficult if not impossible to produce a narrow elastic waistband fabric which has the necessary stretch and shrinkage characteristics, prevents rollover, yet is lightweight and remains stable throughout its use.

SUMMARY OF THE PRESENT INVENTION We have discovered an improved narrow elastic fabric which is suitable for use in the band encircling portions of articles of apparel, especially summer-weight clothing and womens or children's wear. Our new fabric has all the desirable characteristics of washability and drycleanability, resilience, and prevents rollover of the edge of the garment. Furthermore, our new fabric is very open and has a pleasing appearance yet is stable throughout its intended use.

In the body or center portion of our new elastic waistband fabric there are two sets of warp yarns.,One set of warp yarns comprises elastic yarns which are either covered rubber core yarns or covered spandex core yarns. The other set of warp yarns comprise yarns other than the elastic yarns mentioned above; that is, they may be texturized yarns, monofilament yarns, multifilament yarns, spun yarns and the like. The warp yarns are woven in a reverse leno weave with each elastic yarn being leno woven with a doup yarn of said other set. Adjacent elastic yarns are disposed on opposite faces of the fabric and the outermost or edge leno woven elastic yarns are disposed on the same face of the fabric and are woven in a reverse leno weave with respect to each other. Preferably monofilament filling yarns are used in the fabric of the present invention and an odd number of filling yarns are woven between each leno crossing of the warp yarns.

When monofilament filling yarns are used it is preferred that the outer edges of the fabric be woven with texturized yarns to produce smooth, soft outer edges. This may be accomplished by using one ormore elastic warp yarns and a plurality of texturizedyarns along the outer edges of the fabric. These warp yarnsare woven with the filling yarns in a three-by-one weave togproduce a rounded edge with the edge completely covered by the texturized yarns.

In one embodiment of the waistband fabric of the present invention synthetic texturized yarns are included in the .warp set. These texturized f yarns are woven so as to float on one surface of the-waistband to produce a plush, smooth and soft surfacel DESCRIPTION OFTHE DRAWINGS I The invention will be more fully described when taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings wherein:

FIG. 1 is a view in perspective of a portion of a nar-- row elastic fabric waistband of the present invention;

FIG. 2 is an enlarged plan view showing the leno weave of the narrow elastic fabric of the present invention;

FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view of the outer edge of an embodiment of the narrow elastic fabric waistband;

and

FIG. 4 is an enlarged plan view of another embodiment of the leno weave of a narrow fabric waistband of the present invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS Referring to the drawings, in FIG. 1 there is shown in these outer edge portions may be constructed differently depending on the desired characteristics of the edge portions. Referring more specifically to FIG. 2 the center portion comprises two sets of warp yarns. One of the sets of warp yarns contains elastic yarns 15, 15', 15" that is, either a rubber yarn on a spandex yarn. These elastic yarns are covered with other yarns such as nylon, polyester, etc. to give the elastic yarn desired fabric properties.

The other set of warp yarns or the doup yarns comprises any of the standard yarns l6, 16, 16'' other than the elastic yarns described above. This set of warp yarns may be texturized or stretch yarns, miltifilame-nt yarns, monofilament yarns, spun yarns and the like. The yarns may be made from nylon, polyester, rayon, cotton, etc.

The two sets of warp yarns are woven in a reverse leno weave with each elastic yarn 15, 15' leno woven with a doup yarn 16, 16' The twisting thread in the leno weave or the doup yarn is" the nonelastic yarn. As seen in the drawings starting on the right hand side of the drawing the first leno woven elastic yarn 15 has the doup yarn 16 crossing over from the left to the right hand side of the yarn and then back from the right to the left hand side of the elastic yarn. The next elastic yarn 15' has the doup yarn 16' passing beneath the elastic yarn and going from the right to the left hand side and from the left back to the right hand side so that the twisting yarns or doup yarns 16 are in a reverse position or a reverse leno weave. The first elastic yarn 15 is on the back surface of the fabric as seen in the drawing and the next elastic yarn 15' is on the-top surface of. the fabric as seen in the.,drawings. The reverse lenofwoven structure is continued across the width of the fabric with adjacent elastie yarns being a woven so as to be on opposite faces of the fabric. The.

reverse leno weave is continued across the fabric to the other edge and the last leno woven elastic yarn IS"' is woven so that it is on the same face as the first leno woven elastic yarn but is in a reverse leno weave with respect to the first leno woven elastic yarn.

The above described structure is critical to the pres ent invention in order to produce an open lightweight fabric which is completely balanced and stable. With out this structure one edge of the fabric will contract more than the other edge of the fabric and the fabric will be curvilinear. Also without this structure the yarns will not be stable with respect to each other and will shift when the fabric is washed or dry cleaned. In our new fabric there is an odd number ofleno woven elastic warp yarns with adjacent yarns being on opposite surfaces of the fabric and with adjacent elastic yarns woven in a reverse leno weave. The outermost leno woven yarns are on the same surface of the fabric and woven in a reverse leno weave with respect to each other.

The leno woven warp yarns are woven with filling yarns. It is preferred that the filling yarns be monofilament yarns to provide the necessary stiffness in the widthwise direction of the fabric so that the fabric will be suitable as a waistband and will prevent rollover about the outer edge of the garment to which it is attached. The monofilament yarns may be nylon, polyporpylene or any of the other well-known monofilament yarns. The monofilament filling yarns are woven with the warp yarns in a plain one-by-one weave with an odd number of filling yarns (in this embodiment three), between each reverse or twist of the leno yarns.

It is preferred that the outer edges 12 and 13 of the narrow elastic fabric of the present invention comprise one or more elastic yarns of the same type as are used in the center portion of the fabric, and a plurality of texturized yarns. The texturized yarns and the elastic yarns run in the longitudinal or warp direction of the fabric and the texturized yarns are disposed about the greater portion of the periphery of the outermost elastic yarns. The elastic yarns and texturized yarns are woven with the filling yarns in any suitable weave that will hold the filling yarns in place such as a threeby-one weave or the like. The texturized yarns produce a soft, smooth outer edge and cover and bend areas of the monofilament filling yarns which are quite harsh. In FIG. 3 there is shown a cross-sectional view of such a desired outer edge with the center yarn 20 being the elastic yarn and the outer yarns 21 being texturized yarns woven alternately with the monofilament filling yarn 22.

Generally the number of warp yarns per inch in the body of the fabric will be from about 10 to 30 warp yarns per inch with half of these being elastic yarns and the other half being nonelastic yarns. The number and size of warp yarns used and how many filling yarns are woven between each twist will control the openness and appearance of the final fabric.

The preferred filling yarns are monofilament yarns from about 400 to I200 denier usually around the 850 denier range for narrow width fabric of one inch or less and l 100 denier for fabrics having a width of one inch or more. The lower denier yarn does not offer the desired stability and too high a denier yarn is very difficult to bend to make the edge of the fabric and will cause many loom breakdowns. Low denier filling yarns may be used if the fabric is made on a needle loom as opposed to "a1 "st;a'ndard weaving loom. The difference being that m theriedle loom two fillings weave as one filling yarn. As seen in FIG. 4 there are six filling yarns 25 between each leno twist with a pair of filling yarns weavingin' exactly the same manner. When producing such a fabric deniers as low as 300 denier of 8 mil or even lower may be used. The needle loom fabric 30 shown in FIG. 4 comprises elastic yarns 31 which are reverse leno woven with doup yarns 32. Adjacent elastic yarns are disposed on opposite faces of the fabric and the outermost leno woven elastic yarns are disposed on the same face of the fabric but are woven in a reverse leno weave with respect to each other.

The narrow elastic fabric utilizing the critical essence of the present invention wherein elastic yarns are reverse leno woven with nonelastic yarns and adjacent elastic yarns are on opposite faces of the fabric and the outermost leno woven elastic yarns are on the same face of the fabric but are reverse leno woven with respect to each other has excellent stability even though it is very open and light-weight. The resultant fabric will not rope, is resilient, has stiffness in the widthwise direction and produces an excellent waistband especially for lighterweight garments.

In various types of apparel such as bathing suits and the like the waistband may contact the skin of the wearer. When such is the case it is desired that the waistband have a plush, smooth and soft surface to reduce irritation and be more confortable. Our new waistbnad may be provided with a plush surface by incorporating synthetic texturized yarns in the center portion of the fabric. The texturized yarns are warp yarns and from one to four or more texturized yarns may be disposed between adjacent leno woven warp yarns. The texturized warp yarns are floated on one surface of the waist-band by weaving these yarns with the filling yarns in a satin weave and floating these yarns over from four to nine adjacent filling yarns and preferably from five to seven adjacent filling yarns. If the texturized yarns are floated over less than four adjacent filling yarns they do not produce a plush and soft surface. If the texturized yarns are floated over more than nine adjacent filling yarns they will snag, get caught and possible break in use. Any of the synthetic texturized yarns may be used to produce the plush surface, such as texturized nylon yarns, texturized polyester yarns, and the like.

The following is an illustrative example of a narrow elastic waistband fabric according to the present invention.

EXAMPLE Two warp sets are made to weave a narrow elastic fabric in accordance with the present invention. The fabric is to have a width of approximately 1 /2 inches and one of the warp sets comprises 15 elastic yarns with each yarn having a spandex core of approximately lar to the yarns used in the center portion and eight texturized nylon warp yarns. The two elastic yarns and the eight texturized nylon yarns are woven with the filling yarns in a three-by-one weave with the texturized nylon yarns disposed about the periphery of the elastic yarns. The resultant fabric is open and lightweight. It is very stable and the yarns do not shift or move with respect to one another. The fabric is stiff and resilient in the widthwise direction and makes an excellent waistband.

The above detailed description has been given for clearness of understanding only. No unnecessary limitations should be understood therefrom as modifications will be obvious to those skilled in the art.

What is claimed is:

l. A lightweight narrow elastic waist-band fabric comprising two sets of warp yarns, the yarns of one of said warp yarns being elastic yarns selected from the group consisting of rubber core yarns and spandex core yarns, the yarns of the other of said warp set being doup yarns selected from the group consisting of stretch or texturized yarns, filament yarns and spun yarns, a plurality of said warp yarns woven in a reverse leno weave with each elastic yarn leno woven with a doup yarn, adjacent elastic yarns being leno woven alternately under and over the doup yarns so as to be disposed on opposite faces of the fabric and the outermost leno woven elastic yarns being disposed on the same face of the fabric and woven in a reverse leno weave with respect to each other.

2. A lightweight narrow elastic waistband fabric having a center portion and two longitudinal edge portions, the center portion comprising two sets of warp yarns, the yarns of one of said warp sets being elastic yarns selected from the group consisting of rubber core yarns and spandex core yarns, the yarns of the other of said warp sets being doup yarns selected from the group consisting of stretch or texturized yarns, filament yarns and spun yarns, said warp yarns of the center portion woven in a reverse leno weave with each elastic yarn leno woven with a doup yarn, adjacent elastic yarns being leno woven alternately under and over the doup yarns so as to be disposed on opposite faces of the fabric, the outermost leno woven elastic yarns of the center portion being disposed on the same face of the fabric and woven in a reverse leno weave with respect to each other, each edge portion of the fabric comprising at least one elastic warp yarn and a plurality of texturized warp yarns, and a set of filling yarns woven with the two warp sets of the center portion and with the warp yarns in both outer edges of the fabric.

3. A narrow elastic fabric according to claim 2 wherein the elastic warp yarns have a spandex core 6. A narrow elastic fabric according to claim 2 wherein six filling yarns are woven between each twist of the leno weave with the filling yarns weaving as three pairs of yarns.

7. A narrow elastic fabric according to claim 2 wherein from five to 20 warp yarns per inch are used in each warp set in the center portion of the fabric.

8. A narrow elastic fabric according to claim 2 wherein the elastic warp yarns have a spandex core wrapped with nylon multifilament yarns, the doup yarns are multifilament nylon yarns and the filling yarns are monofilament nylon yarns.

9. A narrow elastic fabric according to claim 8 wherein there are three filling yarns between each twist of the leno woven warp yarns.

10. A narrow elastic fabricaccording to claim 2 wherein the elastic yarns are spandex core yarns wrapped with nylon multifilament yarns, the filling yarns are monofilament nylon yarns, each warp set in the center portion of the fabric contains from five to 20 warp yarns per inch, and three filling yarns are woven with the warp yarns in the center portion of the fabric between each twist of the leno woven warp yarns.

11. A narrow elastic fabric according to claim 2 wherein the monofilament filling yarns have a denier of from 400 to 1200.

12. A narrow elastic fabric according to claim 2 wherein synthetic texturized yarns are incorporated in the center portion of the fabric in the warp direction and the texturized yarns are woven with the filling yarns in a satin weave and float over from four to nine adjacent filling yarns.

13. A narrow elastic fabric according to claim 12 wherein the synthetic texturized yarns are nylon yarns.

14. A narrow elastic fabric according to claim 12 wherein from one to four synthetic texturized yarns are disposed between adjacent pairs of leno woven yarns.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1707956 *May 19, 1928Apr 2, 1929George C Moore CompanyElastic woven fabric
US1961961 *Apr 15, 1933Jun 5, 1934John S ColdwellTwo-way stretch elastic fabric
US2582169 *Apr 3, 1950Jan 8, 1952Moore Fabric CompanySelvage edge construction in woven elastic fabric
US3172430 *Nov 8, 1963Mar 9, 1965United Elastic CorpElastic fabric design
US3788366 *Oct 4, 1971Jan 29, 1974Johnson & JohnsonNarrow elastic fabric
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US7048013 *Jul 1, 2004May 23, 2006Maidenform, Inc.Elastic material having variable modulus of elasticity
US7159621 *Apr 4, 2006Jan 9, 2007Maidenform, Inc.Elastic material having variable modulus of elasticity
US7762287 *Jan 25, 2008Jul 27, 2010Invista North America S.A.R.L.Stretch wovens with separated elastic yarn system
US7886776 *Jul 8, 2006Feb 15, 2011Karl Otto Braun Gmbh & Co. KgBandage with lengthwise elasticity in warp direction
US9232823Mar 15, 2013Jan 12, 2016Hbi Branded Apparel Enterprises, LlcBand for garment
US20050022894 *Jul 1, 2004Feb 3, 2005Catherine ShannonElastic material having variable modulus of elasticity
US20060009103 *Jul 8, 2004Jan 12, 2006Singtex Industrial Co. , Ltd.Air permeable and waterproof stretchable woven fabric
US20060174963 *Apr 4, 2006Aug 10, 2006Maidenform, Inc.Elastic material having variable modulus of elasticity
US20090099497 *Jul 8, 2006Apr 16, 2009Harald JungBandage With Lengthwise Elasticity In Warp Direction
US20090191777 *Jan 25, 2008Jul 30, 2009Invista North America S.A.R.L.Stretch wovens with separated elastic yarn system
USD747591 *Jan 11, 2012Jan 19, 2016J. Choo LimitedBelt
Classifications
U.S. Classification139/419, 139/421
International ClassificationA41F9/02, D03D15/08, A41D1/06
Cooperative ClassificationA41F9/02, D03D2700/0103, D03D15/08
European ClassificationD03D15/08, A41F9/02