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Publication numberUS3908750 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 30, 1975
Filing dateMar 4, 1974
Priority dateMar 4, 1974
Publication numberUS 3908750 A, US 3908750A, US-A-3908750, US3908750 A, US3908750A
InventorsSidney Siegel
Original AssigneeSidney Siegel
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Heating and cooling apparatus
US 3908750 A
An apparatus for heating and/or cooling air has an upright housing through which at least two feed riser pipes and one condensate riser pipe pass. This housing has an outlet opening at its top and an inlet opening adjacent its base, this latter being provided with a hinged access door. A drip pan sealing the base of the housing drains into the condensate riser. A heat-exchanger assembly comprising a heat-exchanger coil, a trough below the coil which catches condensate and empties into the drip pan, valve for controlling liquid flow through the coil, a blower for forcing air through the coil, and thermostatic controls for operating the valves is hung in the housing between the openings. Releasable couplings connect the coil through shutoff valves to the riser pipes, and releasable electrical connectors interconnect these valves to the thermostat switch. The blower hangs on the coil assembly on a shelf and this coil assembly is hung on a support rail on the back of the housing, so that the entire device can be quickly and easily disassembled for servicing.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Primary li.\'unii/ierManuel A. Antonakas :Umrncy, Agent. or Fi'rmKarl F. Ross; Herbert Dubno United States Patent l 1 1 l 3,908,750

Siegel Sept. 30, 1975 l l HEATING AND COOLING APPARATUS [57] ABSTRACT [76] Inventor: Sidney Siege], 989 Schenectady A\'c Brooklyn NY. 1 1203 An apparatus for heating and/or cooling air has an upright housing through which at least two feed riser [22] Fllcd: 1974 pipes and one condensate riser pipe pass. This housing [21] Appl. No.: 447.784 has an outlet opening at its top and an inlet opening adjacent its base, this latter being provided with a hinged access door. A drip pan sealing the base of the [52] U.S.Cl. 165/26; 62/302: offs/2570:; housing drains into the ciolndfllsate riser. A hgap 2 B 2;00 exchanger assembly comprising a heat-exchanger coil, 1] Int. Cl. F2- a trough below h coil which catches condensate and 1 Field of Search 165/26. 76. 48, 78. 50.

empties into the drip pan, valve for controlling liquid 163/80: 55/139: 62/302 288 flow through the coil. a blower for forcing air through the coil. and thermostatic controls for operating the [5M References cued valves is hung in the housing between the openings. UNITED STATES PATENTS Releasable couplings connect the coil through shutoff 1.768.774 7/1930 Mason 62/448 valves to the riser pipes. and releasable electrical con- 2.7 7.5 /1 63/338 nectors interconnect these valves to the thermostat 3.089.315 5/1963 Brandt 165/48 X Switch The blower hangs on the Coil assembly on a 3-l9l-362 6/1965 Bwrgwlh" 55/139 X shelf and this coil assembly is hung on a support rail 3648766 3/1972 l lbs/48 on the back of the housing, so that the entire device 3.685.575 8/1972 Henriot.. l65/48 v 1742.725 [2/197] Berger 62/302 X can be quickly and easil disassembled for servicing. 3.831.395 8/1974 Le\' o2/3OZX US. Patent Sept 30,1975

FIG. 2

Sheet 1 of 3 1H K g H? W H H? 30 FIG! 46 i 24 f H l ya U.'S. Patent Sept. 30,1975 Sheet2of3 3,908,750

m 2 6&1 69 46a 70 w 72a cow RETURN Z0 4 (OLD SUPPLY I I O I? I, {a 72C g Ho'r es rvRN FIG. 3 zd H01 SUPPLY HEATING AND COOLING APPARATUS FIELD OF THE INVENTION The present invention relates to an air-conditioner. More specifically this invention concerns an apparatus for heating and/or cooling which is connected to hot and/or chilled-water pipes.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION Airconclitioning units are known which are connected between sets of riser pipes and which allow the temperature adjacent each unit to be controlled indi vidually without affecting the operation of the other units connected to the same riser pipes. Such units include a heat-exchanger coil connectable to the riser pipes through thermostatically controlled motorized or solenoid valves, and a blower for forcing air through this coil at a steady rate. As a general rule the fan runs continuously to circulate the air, and even filter it, while the temperature of the coil is varied, It is possible to use a so-called two-pipe system for both heating and cooling by providing a closed-cycle refrigerator unit in the device which has a condenser coil cooled by the water which is simultaneously hot enough to be used for heating in an adjacent unit. Otherwise in a two-pipe system the standard procedure is simply to run chilled water through the pipes in the summer and hot water in the winter, with suitable controls on the thermostat for the seasonal switchover. In four-pipe systems use is made of motorized zone valves which allow one unit to be used for heating while another is used for cooling.

Such devices present considerable advantages, especially in rental buildings. Each tenant has control of his own heatingand/or cooling which is very desireable especially in commercial structures where, for example, machine-filled rooms might need air conditioning practically year-round while store-rooms might be left totally unheated and uncooled for economy reasons, at the option of the tenant.

A considerable disadvantage, however, of such a system is that when a unit fails it often requires considerable technical skill to repair it. The entire system must be shut down to allow the unit to be serviced, and even then the person in control of the unit is frequently left without heating or cooling for a protracted period until the repair person can do the job.

OBJECTS OF THE INVENTION It is therefore an object of the present invention to provide an improved apparatus of the general type described for heating and/or cooling.

Another object is the provision of such an apparatus which is easy to service and which at the same time is simple and inexpensive to manufacture and install.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION mounted on the heat-exchanger and is electrically con-.

nected to the control valves and to the sourceof power I substantially at the level of the lower openings, which 7 is provided with a door. The controls are mounted on the blower and are accessible through the lower input openings. 1

In accordance with further features of this invention the control valves are provided on the heat-exchanger and are connected through conduits capable of flexing sufficiently to take up the longitudinal creep resulting from the heating and cooling of the riser pipes. These conduits can be flexible hydraulic tubing, or tromboned copper tubing.

According to yet another feature of this invention theheat-exchanger comprises a coil arranged at an angle to the vertical so that the blower can force air up through it. A drip trough is arranged under the lower end of this coil. The housing is provided at its base with drip pan and an outlet nipple on the upper drip trough is fitted with a piece of flexible tubing that hangs down and drains into the lower drip pan. This lower drip pan is connected to a condensate riser which runs up through the unit along with the feed risers. The pan fits completely across the bottom of the housing so that any dripping or leaking is caught by it, thereby eliminating the possibility of water damage near the unit.

The riser pipes according to another feature of the present invention are secured together as a unit adapted to extend vertically up through one floor, being connected above and below to similar units on the neighboring floors. This riser-pipe assembly comprises a sheet-metal jacket in which the pipes are secured by means of clamps which hold them in place during shipping, installation, and erection but which DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING The above and other objects, features, and advantages will become more apparent from the following with reference to the accompanying drawing in which:

FIG. 1 is a vertical section through an apparatus according to the present invention;

FIGS. 2 and 3 are sections taken along lines II II and III III of FIGS. '1 and 2, respectively;

FIG. 4 is a perspective view of the blower-control unit; 5

FIG. 5 is a schematic view of the apparatus;

FIGS. 6, 7 and 8 are front, side, and back views, respectively, of a removable control unit according to this invention;

FIG. 9 is an elevational view partly broken away of an independent riser-pipe assembly according to this invention;

FIG. 10 is a section taken along line X X of FIG.

FIG. 1 l is a side view of the upper part of the assembly of FIG. 9, illustrating a pipe gauge and shield; and

FIG. 12 is a perspective view ofa clamp element used in the assembly of FIG. 9.

SPECIFIC DESCRIPTION The heating-cooling unit according to this invention has an upright hollow housing 10 formed of sheet metal and positioned above the floor 11 and to a height 13 below the ceiling. Four riser pipes l2a d pass vertically through this housing adjacent one of the side walls thereof, along with a PVC condensate riser pipe 14. Within the housing 10 the blower unit 16 is provided with a control box 18 to force air up through a heat exchanger 20 attached to both the cold-water pipes 12a, 12b and the hot-water pipes 12c, 12d.

The housing 10 is rectangular in cross section and has a relatively small upper outlet opening 22 over which a louver 24 is hinged. This same front side of the housing 10 is formed near its base with a much larger inlet and access opening 28 which is normally covered by a hinged door 30 provided with louvers 32 over most of its height and having a control-access panel 34 at its top. The very base of the housing 10 is provided with a drip pan 36 connected via a short length of pipe 38 to the drain riser 14. Thus any condensation or the like in the housing is automatically led away.

The riser pipes 12a d and 14 are contained at one side of the housing behind a wall 40 in a mass 42 of polyurethane foam formed in place. These pipes are supplied with the unit, projecting sufficiently so that they may be sweated together between the floors.

One wall also carries an outlet box 44 which is wired into the wiring of the building, and a courtesy outlet 46 may be provided on the front wall of the housing 10. Each of the riser pipes is provided with a respective laterally projecting nipple 12a-d which passes through a respective vertical slot 39 in the wall 40. The pipes 12b and 12d are under greater pressure than the pipes 12a and 12c, so that the flow will be from the former to the latter. A boiler is connected between pipes 12c and 12d and a chiller between pipes 12a and 12b. The heatexchanger 20 comprises a conventional coil unit with two sets of separate coils 48 and 48", the former being only a single upper layer for heating and the latter being a double lower layer for cooling. This assembly is arranged at an angle to the vertical and is carried between two side walls 50 between which a rail 52 is provided which engages under downwardly extending lip or rail 54 attached to the back wall of the housing 10. Hooks and eyes can be used in place of the lips 52 and 54. Thus the entire heat-exchanger 20 is simply hung in the housing 10 with the straight back edges of its sides 50 lying against the back wall of this housing 10. The exchanger 20 is further formed at the base of the coils 48 and 48" with a trough 56 that catches condensate running down the coil 48". The bottom of this trough is formed with a nipple over which is secured a short length 58 of flexible tubing whose lower end lies in the drain pan 36 so that any condensate running off the coils 48 and 48" is first caught in the trough 56 and thence drains out into the pan 36.

One side of the coil 48" is connectable through a valve 60 and a hose 66a with the cold-water supply line 12b and the other side is connected through a Y- connector 60a and a hose 66b to the cold return line 12a. This valve 60 has a lateral bypass 60b connected to the Y 60a so that it can either divert the cold water through the coil 48" or through this bypass 60b. Similarly the one side of the coil 48' is connectable through a line 62, a valve 64 and a hose 68a with the hot-water supply line 12d and the other side through a line 59, a Y 64a and a hose 68b to the hot-water return 12c. The valve 64 also has a bypass connection 64b connected to the Y 64a so that it can pass hot water either through the coil 48' or past it. The valves 60 and 64 are of the motor-operated type which when energized connect up their respective coils 48 and 48" but otherwise bypass these coils.

These hoses 68a, 68b, 66a and 66b are connected at their ends opposite valves 64 and 60 with releasable hose couplings 70a d to the risers 12a d so that the heat exchanger 20 may be readily disconnected. Between couplings 70a 70d and respective runouts 12a 12d there are provided respective manual shutoff valves 72a 72d. The electrical connections for the so lenoids of valves 60 and 64 are made with a cable 74 having a male connector 76a adapted to mate with a female connector 76b carried on the end of a cable 78 extending from the control unit 18.

The blower 16 is of the axial-input radial-output or so-called squirrel-cage type and has a housing 80 formed with an outlet opening 82 and a pair of oppositely directed flanges 84. The side walls 50 of the heatexchanger are bent over at their lower edges to have short inwardly directed lips 86 forming a sort of shelf. The edges 84 of the blower housing 80 overlie these lips 86 so that this blower unit 16 may be hung on the heat-exchanger 20. The two are mounted together after the heat-exchanger is hung on the cleat 54 by simply sliding the lips 84 horizontally into place over the edges 86. A vertical flange or lip 88 is provided on the housing 80 which lies against the front of the heat exchanger 20 and prevents air from being blown over the control unit 18. Air drawn into the sides of the blower 16 is blown out the mouth 82 of this blower and through the heat-exchanger 20, whence it passes out of the housing 10 through the outlet 22. This air is drawn in through the louvered door 30 through a filter 90 which rests on a switch 92 connected via a two-conductor wire 94 to a male connector 96a plugged into a female connector 96b connected via a wire 98 to the control box 18. This switch 92 is closed only when a filter is in place.

The control unit 18 comprises basically a thermostatic switch 99 which is of the SPDT type that closes one circuit below a preset temperature and another circuit above a preset temperature, the former circuit operating the zone valve 64 that effects a flow of hot water through the heat-exchanger coil 48 and the latter circuit effecting a flow of cold water through the double heat-exchanger coil 48" by activating zone valve 60. In between these two positions, neither valve 60 or 64 is activated and neither hot nor cold water can flow through the coil 48" or 48". Since the amount of water flowing through the unit at all times is the same, there is no pressure fluctuation when a unit cuts in.

The motor 100 of the blower can be operated in three modes high, medium, or low by switches 102 below the thermostat 94. An ON-OFF switch 104 has two poles, one connected in series with the filter switch and lockout 92 and the other in series with the cooling valve 60 so that when switch 104 is opened the blower motor 100 cannot be operated and cold water cannot flow through the coil 48'. Hot water is, however, always passed through the coil 48 whenever the ambient temperature is less than that in the thermostat, so that the water in the unit cannot freeze. Obviously, so long as the blower is not operating the amount of heat dissipated by the unit is minimal. The control box 18 has a line cord 106 which terminates in a conventional three-prong plus 108 which is plugged into the outlet box 44 in the base of the unit.

FIGS. 6, 7 and 8 show another type of control unit 110 having a front panel 112 on which are mounted the thermostat 99, the blower speed control switch 102, and a winter-summer switch 1 14 which is only effective in two-pipe systems and serves to connect the sole zone valve up to the thermostat in a manner for controlled heating or cooling. A thermostat element 116 is secured to the bottom edge of the panel 112 so that when this panel is secured in the upper region of the lower access opening 28 in the housing by means of screws the returning air passes over the element 116. On the back of the panel 112 is mounted the control box 118 housing the various circuit elements except for the large condenser 120 of motor 100. The box 118 is provided with three female connectors 112, 124 and 126 into which plug the male connectors 96a from lockout switch 92, male plug 76a from the valves 60 and 64 and a male plug 128 from the blower motor 100. This unit is separate from the blower unit 16 so that it can be replaced independently therefrom. The thermostat 99 and/or its element 116 can be mounted on the outside of the housing 10, or can be mounted completely away from this housing 10.

The apparatus described above is manufactured and delivered to the building site complete, with only some blocking in the unit to protect it during transit. It is set in place and the units are mounted one atop the other on succeeding floors of the structure. The electrical box 44 is connected with the building is wired.

FIGS. 9 12 show how the insulated riser pipes 12ad as well as the condensate riser 14 are received in a sheet-metal channel 130 having a length L corresponding to a distance of about 80 inches above the floor 11 and toward ceiling 13 in the finished building. The pipes extend above this channel or jacket 130 by a distance I and below it by a distance lwhich are together equal to slightly less than the distance from one ceiling level 13 to the immediately adjacent overhead floor level 11. In this manner the assembly 129 shown in FIG. 9 can be placed in an unfinished building and j the tubing ends can be connected together by sweating in the case of pipes 12a-d and by gluing for the pipe 14.

The channel is provided at its top and bottom with transverse support plates 132 each formed with four slots 133 corresponding to the pipes 12a-d. Clamp elements 136 each have a semicylindrical central portion 136a on one side of which is a bent-over foot 136]; and on the other side of which is a straight slotted extension 136C. The feet 13612 of two such elements 136 are fitted side-by-side into one of the slots 133 and the elements 136 are spread to allow one of the pipes 12a-d to be fit between them. Thereafter another guide plate 134 formed with slots 135 is fit over the front of the arrangement, with the extensions 1360 projecting through the slots 135. The corners 136d of the extensions 1360 are then bent over to hold the elements 136 and pipes in place. The radius of curvature of the sections 136a is slightly less than that of the pipes 12a-d so that these pipes will be snugly held. At the same time the elements 136 have a height h which is less than the height H of the slots 133 and so that limited longitudinal displacement of the pipes l2a-d is possible. The riser 14 is simply held in place by a conventional pipe clamp or strap since this pipe does not undergo sufficient thermal expansion or contraction. A large cover plate 138 is thereafter fastened over the front of the channel 130 to completely surround the pipes 12a-d and 14. All of the parts 130, 132, 134, 136, 138 and 140 are made of sheet metal and are secured together where necessary by rivets or spot-welds. In this manner the riser-pipe assembly 129 for one floor forms a neat unit which is easily installed and which permits an easy hookup of the various elements at a later time. The housing 10 of the unit used with such an assembly 129 is correspondingly reduced in depth, so that the plate 138 lies against its wall 40 with the valves 72a-d passing through corresponding holes 142 in the channel 130, with the pipe 38 passing through a hole 144. With this arrangement there is the possibility of limited displacement of the pipes 12a-d both longitudinally relative to the jacket 130 and transversely relative thereto. This allows for thermal expansion and contraction of these pipes while making it possible to shift them limitedly when securing them together.

The clips 136 serve to center the riser pipes regardless of their diameter. Thus a riser-pipe assembly used in the upper stories of a building, which is therefore of lesser diameter than the risers in the lower stories, is centered in line with the overhead and underneath risers. The flexibility of these clips facilitates this centermg.

FIG. 1 1 shows a throwaway pipe protector and gauge 146 which is decured to the top wall of the housing 10 and is removed when the unit is ready to be installed in place. This shield element 146 is generally L-shaped and is releasably secured to the unit 129. Such a gauge 146 is also provided at the bottom of the assembly 129.

In operation each unit can be individually controlled to heat or cool the room. In the four-pipe system described above one part of a building can be cooled while another is heated. In a more economical system there are only two riser pipes, plus the condensate drain, and either chilled water or heated water, depending on the season, is passed through them. In this case two-port rather than three-port control valves could be used with appropriate switching to establish whether the back or front contacts of the thermostat would operate them. The air that is drawn into the unit passes over the thermostat 99 so that this element operates the device to maintain the temperature without it within a narrow range. Since the blower speed, which determines the heating or cooling level, remains con stant once set, even when the thermostat is not functioning to close either of the heating or cooling circuits, the unit filters the air.

It is also possible in a two-pipe system to provide the unit with a heat-pump arrangement as described in US. Pat. No. 3,472,313

granted on Oct. 14, 1969 to Arthur Milgram and Sidney Siege]. In this arrangement water at 120F is pumped through the unit and is either run through a heating coil or through a condenser coil, depending on whether the unit is being employed as a heater or cooler.

Should the unit break down in some manner, it is possible to remove any of the functioning parts except the riser pipes 12a d and 14. Of course the change of failure of these nonremovable parts is very small. The blower unit 16 and the thereto attached or independent control unit 18 or 110 can be removed for servicing or replacement by opening the access door 30 and removing the filter 90. Then the plug 108 is pulled out and the various connectors are pulled apart. The motor unit 16 is then slid out horizontally. Should the malfunction be in this unit it can be replaced quickly and easily.

If the heat exchanger springs a leak or the valves 60 or 64 fail in some manner, the service person need merely close the valves 72a-d, then uncouple the hoses 70a-d after removing the blower as described above. The exchanger 20 is then lifted so that the elements 52 and 54 clear each other, its upper end is then tipped forward, and then it is dropped down and removed through the from access hole 28. This operation, which removes all of the working parts of the device, can be carried out in no more than several minutes. Since it has been found most easy in a large installation for the maintenance department to have several heat exchangers and blower-control units, it only takes a few more minutes to put completely new works in the apparatus. Thereafter the defective parts of the subassemblies can be repaired in the shop at the convenience of the repair person. No costly and irritating layup time need be experienced. so that the users ofa system employing units according to the present invention will not only have individually controllable heating and cooling the year round, but will not be left for long periods of time without either heating or cooling in case of the inevitable equipment failure.

I claim:

1. An apparatus for heating and/or cooling air comprising:

at least two feed riser pipes; pl an upright vertically elongated housing formed with upper and lower openings;

a drip pan in the bottom of said housing connected to a drain;

a heat-exchanger assembly in said housing between said openings and including a heat-exchanger coil,

a pair of conduits between said coil and said feed pipes and adapted to conduct liquid from said pipes through said coil,

means releasably connecting said conduits to said pipes,

thermostatic control means for regulating liquid flow through said coil according to ambient temperature,

an electric blower below said coil for drawing air in through said lower opening and passing said air through said coil and out said upper opening, means releasably securing said blower to said coil, means for conducting condensate from said coil to said drip pan, and

means for releasably connecting said blower to a source of electric power; hanger means for removably suspending said assembly in its entirety in said housing between said openings, said hanger means including an upwardly directed lip provided on said housing between said opening and a downwardly directed lip provided on said assembly, said lip on said assembly engaging over said lip on said housing, said coil being arranged at an angle to the vertical and having a pair of sheet-metal sides, said blower being suspended from said sides and said downwardly directed lip extending between said sides, said blower being a radial-input axial-output blower having its axial output directed upwardly through said coil; and

motor control means on said blower and removable therewith said motor control means being aligned with an opening in said housing for manipulation therethrough when said blower is suspended from said coil.

2. The apparatus defined in claim 1 wherein said feed riser pipes pass through said housing.

3. The apparatus defined in claim 1 wherein said drip pan closes the lower end of said housing.

4. The apparatus defined in claim 1 further comprising a trough below said coil and a conduit extending be tween said trough and said pan.

5. The apparatus defined in claim 1 wherein said means releasably securing said blower to said coil includes a shelf formed on said coil and a pair of outwardly extending lips on said blower engageable on said shelf.

6. The apparatus defined in claim 1 wherein said thermostatic control means includes a thermostatic switch which closes when ambient temperature passes a predetermined level.

7. The apparatus defined in claim 6 wherein said switch and all of the electrical conductors connected thereto are mounted on and removable with said assembly, said switch being arranged at said lower opening, whereby air drawn in by said blower passes over said switch.

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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4072187 *May 10, 1976Feb 7, 1978Advance Machine CorporationCompact heating and cooling system
US4462460 *Aug 17, 1981Jul 31, 1984International Environmental CorporationModular air conditioning apparatus
US4949218 *Feb 1, 1989Aug 14, 1990Fujitsu LimitedCabinet with built-in cooling system
US5284204 *May 10, 1991Feb 8, 1994Electric Power Research Institute, Inc.Hydronic thermal distribution system for space heating and cooling
US6725915 *Feb 9, 2001Apr 27, 2004Vent-Rite Valve Corp.Method of adjusting room air temperature
US6742582 *Jan 20, 2000Jun 1, 2004Vent-Rite Valve Corp.Modular climate control unit
US6834714Nov 21, 2003Dec 28, 2004Paul J. WalshVariable constant volume cooling/heating unit
US6976524Oct 27, 2003Dec 20, 2005Walsh Paul JApparatus for maximum work
US20040104277 *Nov 21, 2003Jun 3, 2004Walsh Paul J.Variable constant volume cooling/heating unit
US20040104278 *Nov 21, 2003Jun 3, 2004Walsh Paul J.System and apparatus for refrigeration and heating
US20050086958 *Oct 27, 2003Apr 28, 2005Walsh Paul J.Apparatus for maximum work
US20050167080 *Sep 21, 2004Aug 4, 2005Yoho Robert W.Sr.Environmental air treatment system
CN100455908CMay 19, 2004Jan 28, 2009乐金电子(天津)电器有限公司Indoor unit of air conditioner
WO2004061375A1 *Sep 24, 2003Jul 22, 2004Powercold CorporationEnvironmental air treatment system
U.S. Classification165/265, 165/78, 165/50, 165/221, 62/302
International ClassificationF24F1/00, F24F13/22, F25B29/00
Cooperative ClassificationF24F2221/54, F24F13/22, F25B29/00, F24F2001/0048, F24F1/0007
European ClassificationF24F1/00C, F24F13/22, F25B29/00