|Publication number||US3909149 A|
|Publication date||Sep 30, 1975|
|Filing date||Feb 11, 1974|
|Priority date||Nov 1, 1971|
|Publication number||US 3909149 A, US 3909149A, US-A-3909149, US3909149 A, US3909149A|
|Inventors||Century Bernard A|
|Original Assignee||Allied Steel Tractor Prod Inc|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (5), Referenced by (32), Classifications (11), Legal Events (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent 11 1 1 3,909,149
Century 5] Sept. 30, 1975 HYDRAULIC VIBRATORY COMPACTOR 3,635,132 1/1972 Mcllrath et al. 404/133 3,749,506 7/1973 Lance 404/133 [751 Inventor: Bernard Century clevelmd 3 782 845 1 1974 Briggs et a]. 404 133 Heights, Ohio  Assignee: Allied Steel & Tractor Products, Primary E.\'aminerMervin Stein Incorporated, Cleveland, Ohio Assistant Examiner-Steven Hawkins  Filed: Feb. 11 1974 Attorney, Agent, or FzrmLyon and Lyon  Appl. No.: 441,272 ABSTRACT Apphcanon Data A hydraulic vibratory compacting device for use with  'commuauon of 1941674 11 197i a heavy-duty vehicle. The device is given an oscilladbandoned' tory motion by a rotating eccentric weight. The device is coupled to the heavy-duty vehicle by flexible 2? ps. (g1 404/133 mounting made from material having a low modulus 'r f i of elasticity. The mountings are positioned for maxi- 1e 0 earc mum Stability of the compacting device and are able to transmit large bias loads imposed by the heavy-duty  References Cned vehicle. Stops are also provided to insure employment UNITED STATES PATENTS within the proper operating range. 3,336,848 8/1967 Moir 404/133 3,603,224 9 1971 Dresher 404/133 5 Clams 6 Drawmg F'gures BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION Vibratory compacting devices are presently available for use with heavy-duty vehicles. The common form for such devices includes a body having a rotating eccentric weight which generates a vibratory motion of the body for compacting soil. This vibratory motion may also be used for driving piles and other similar tasks. To achieve maximum results with any given vibrating force, an external bias force must be exerted on the device in the operative direction. To achieve such a bias force, the vibrating body must be physically attached to the supporting heavy-duty vehicle. Thus, it has been found necessary to provide a support structure and a flexible coupling device to act between the heavy-duty vehicle and the vibrating body to transmit the desired bias forces without transmitting the vibratory forces from the body.
To date, the flexible coupling devices which have been employed have had a relatively high spring modulus for the flexible member. This high modulus has been required to overcome the inherent instability of the vibratory compaction body relative to the supporting heavy-duty vehicle. This high spring modulus requirement is of great disadvantage because the resulting assembly readily transmits the vibrational energy to the supporting heavy-duty vehicle. This is undesirable because less energy is then available for compaction and because the vibrations transmitted can have a detrimental effect on the supporting heavy-duty vehicle and its operator.
A major feature promoting instability of the vibrating compaction bodies is that the flexible coupling devices have heretofore been mounted above the compaction body. This puts the coupling device some distance from the impact surface of the compactor which in turn provides an excessive operating moment through which unstabilizing loads at the compaction surface can act. As a result greater torque loads must be overcome at the flexible support coupling and stiffer material (.r configurations must be employed.
The location of the flexible couplings above the vibratory compaction body has also made it impossible in many cases to adequately present excessive loads from distorting the flexible coupling devices beyond their elastic limit. Frequent failure of the coupling devices and the associated waste of replacement time and expense has been a problem. As a result, these devices have demanded a particularly well instructed operator to avoid these excessive loading situations.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention is an improved vibratory compaction device. The improvements relates to the structural means for supporting the vibratory compaction body. Blocks of material having a comparatively low modulus of elasticity such as soft rubber are mounted on the sides of the vibrating compaction body. A rigid structural unit is attached to all of these flexible blocks and rises in a U-shaped configuration to avoid'the vibratory compaction body and provide for rigid attachment to the heavy-duty vehicle above the compaction body. These blocks or flexible mounts are located about rather than above the vibratory compaction body to provide maximum stability and support. Because the mounts are positioned low and to the outside of the vibratory compaction body, the moment through which unstabilizing forces can act to disturb the vibrating compaction body is reduced thus reducing the requirement for rigid support. correspondingly the operative moment of the system of mounts is increased which in turn further reduces the requirement for rigid stabilizing restraints. Also by locating the mounts at maximum practical distances from each other about the vibrating compaction body, greater stability is effected for supporting all portions of the compaction body.
This novel mounting configuration, by reducing the rigidity requirements for stabilization, makes possible the use of materials having a low modulus of elasticity. As a result, the amount of vibrational energy lost from the vibratory compaction unit and transmitted to the heavy-duty vehicle is greatly reduced.
An included feature of the present invention is the integral means for stopping the travel of the compaction body to prevent themountings from exceeding their elastic limit. The structural frame is designed to clear the vibratory compaction body by a specific amount which is dependent upon the displacement associated with the elastic limit of the flexible mounting material. This clearance is reduced by distortion of the flexible mounts until the vibratory compaction body comes in contact with the structural support frame and prevents further displacement which would damage the flexible mounts. If the unit is used in a tension mode to extract posts and the like, the vibratory compaction body will be pulled away from the structural support frame. A cable or chain may easily be employed to prevent exccssive displacement of the body from the frame. Because these various stops are rigidly linked to the heavy-duty vehicle, when excessive force is experienced by the device the impact of the compaction body on the stops will be transmitted to the operator as a signal to reduce the forces employed.
In summary, by this invention there is provided an improved means for mounting a vibratory compaction body to a heavy-duty vehicle using flexible material having a comparatively low modulus of elasticity. The novel configuration incorporates means for preventing excessive travel of the vibratory compaction body and also provides for stability control of the unit.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. I is a perspective view of the device mounted on a heavy-duty vehicle.
FIG. 2 is a side view of the device.
FIG. 3 is a sectioned front view taken along line 3-3 of FIG. 2.
FIG. 4 is a perspective view of the device.
FIG. 5 is a sectioned view taken along line 3-3 of FIG. 2 and illustrating the device in maximum displacement.
FIG. 6 is a front view of the device showing its employment in the tension mode.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Turning now to the drawings, coupling plates 10 and 12 are mutually parallel and spaced to accommodate a standard backhoe coupling 14. A backhoe is most conveniently employed as the mounting heavy-duty vehicle because of its flexibility for placing the device at various positions and orientations and for its ability to exert large bias forces in many directions. FIG. .1 illustrates the use of a backhoe as the supporting equipment for the compaction unit. Two holes 16 are placed in each of the coupling plates and 12. These holes 16 are again placed to accommodate the standard backhoe couplings 14. Tie bars 18 and 20 are employed to lock the mounting plate 10 and 12 to the back hoe couplings l4. Pins 22 maintain the tie bars 18 and 20 in position. Collars 24 are welded to plates 10 and 12 for added strength. Pipe 26 is welded to plates 10 and 12 for added strength and rigidity. Pipe 26 also serves as a convenient, centered location for lifting and transporting the device when it is not in use.
Plates 10 and 12 are welded to tubular cross members 28 and 30 which traverse the width of the compac tion unit. Plates 10 and 12 must be wide enough that the cross members 28 and-30 will be positioned over the ends of the compaction unit as best shown in FIG. 2. The cross members 28 and 30 are in turn welded to the structural arms 32 which together form a U-shape structural support frame that is clear of the vibratory compaction body and provides four attachment points 34 that are well down on the device and located at the extreme corners. The body of the compaction unit is composed of a base 36 and two parallel side plates 38 and 40. The side plates 38 and 40 are welded or otherwise rigidly attached to the base 36. A hydraulic motor 42 which is driven by the backhoe through lines 44 has a direct drive connection to an eccentric located between the side plates 38 and 40 in the housing 46 shown only in FIG. 4. The motor and eccentric assem bly are further detailed in my US. Pat. No. 3,561,336. A compaction pan 48 is bolted to the base 36. Two tubular members 50 extend through the parallel side plates 38 and 40 and are welded thereto as part of the structure of the vibratory compaction body. An adapter plate 52 is welded to each end of the tubular members 50.
The adapter plates 52 provide a means for bolting the flexible mounts 54 to the vibrating compaction unit. The flexible mounts 54 extend horizontally in a direction parallel to the axis of rotation of the eccentric in ,housing 46 and are similarly bolted to the structural arms 32 which form part of the overall structural support frame. The flexible mounts 54 act as springs to isolate the dynamic motions of the vibratory compaction body from the backhoe while providing for the transmission of constant mechanical force exerted by the backhoe on the compaction unit. The mounts 54 each have metallic plates 56 and 58 to which the material having a low modulus of elasticity is bonded. The mounts 54 then form springs which operate in a shearing motion illustrated in FIGS. 3, 5 and 6. The material presently employed for the mounts 54 is rubber. The spring modulus selected for the unit illustrated is 900 pounds/inch per mount or 3,600 pounds/inch for the unit. The optimum spring modulus for any specific embodiment must be emperically determined as it depends upon the weight of the unit, the magnitude of the bias forces required and the speed and weight of the eccentric. To achieve such a low spring modulus and still retain the capability for large total forces around 20,000 pounds, the material used for the mounts 54 must be of a low modulus of elasticity such-as is soft natural rubber. Soft natural rubber having a Shore du v rometer hardness of 50 to 60 is most satisfactory form mounting material. This gives a shear modulus of elasticity'around to pounds/sq. inch. The use of materialhaving a low modulus of elasticity is made possibut where practical considerations require, a greater unstabilizing moment distance can be made acceptable by using stiffer mounting material. This will result in a corresponding loss of vibration isolation. The optimum range may be achieved by insuring that the average of the distances from each mount 54 to the center of the unit is at least one-half the average of the normal distances from each mount 54 to the plane of the base surface of the unit.
To prevent extension of the mounts 54 beyond the elastic limit the parallel side plates 38 and 40 are of sufficient height above the mounts 54 to insure that surfaces 58 will come in contact with the cross members 28 and 30 before the mount 54 are permanently deformed. FIG. 5 shows the unit in maximum deformation with the side plate 38 and 40 in contact with the cross members 28 and 30. If the compaction unit is to be used for extracting posts and the like, the flexible mounts 54 may be similarly protected by a pair of cables 60 of the proper length and encircling the tubular members 28 and 50 on each end of the unit to prevent excessive deformation. FIG. 6 shows the unit in a tension mode.
The present embodiments of this invention are to be considered as illustrative and not restrictive, the scope of the invention being indicated by the appended claims rather than by the foregoing description and all changes which come within the meaning and range of equivalency of the claims therefore are intended to be embraced therein.
1. A high force producing vibratory compaction device for mounting on a heavy-duty vehicle adapted to impart variable forces and movements to said device, comprising a structural support frame, means for rigidly coupling said support frame to the heavy-duty vehicle,'a body having a generally horizontal compaction pan and means for generating vibratory motion in said body, and means for flexibly mounting said body on said support frame, said structural support frame being positioned above said body and having structuralarms extending down the sides of said'body, said flexible mounting means comprising at least four blocks of material having a low modulus of elasticity extending approximately horizontally in the unstressed condition between saidbody and the lower extremeties of said structural arms to flexibly couple said structural sup port frame to said body with a resultant low spring modulus for minimizing the vibrational forces transmitted to the vehicle, said structural arms being laterally positioned at substantially the extremities of said compaction pan and closely approaching said compaction pan upon the application of normal vertical loading forces on' said frame-by the vehicle, and said blocks being, of a size'and positioned to deform substantially under said downward'vertical loading toward a down- I wardly stressed condition with the direction of the resilient force imposed on the body by each block being primarily downward and slightly outwardly to intersect the plane of the base surface of said compaction pan at a location close to the adjacent extremity of said pan for maximum stability under all directions of loading. 2 The device of claim 1, wherein the said means for generating vibratory motion in said body comprises an eccentric rotating on a horizontal axis and said four blocks of material all extend on substantially horizontal axes parallel to said axis of rotation of the eccentric.
3. The device of claim 1, wherein the average of the ing a low modulus of elasticity is soft rubber.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3336848 *||Jul 6, 1965||Aug 22, 1967||Internat Vibration Company||Material compactor|
|US3603224 *||Feb 18, 1969||Sep 7, 1971||Ingersoll Rand Co||Plate-type vibrator compactor|
|US3635132 *||Sep 22, 1969||Jan 18, 1972||Rex Chainbelt Inc||Vibratory compactor|
|US3749506 *||Jul 23, 1970||Jul 31, 1973||Technology Inc Const||Compactor suspension system|
|US3782845 *||Aug 27, 1971||Jan 1, 1974||Koehring Co||Compactor|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4005944 *||Aug 6, 1975||Feb 1, 1977||Harris Marvin K||Tamping apparatus|
|US4278368 *||Jul 11, 1979||Jul 14, 1981||Caterpillar Tractor Co.||Apparatus and method for compacting material|
|US4616716 *||Mar 26, 1984||Oct 14, 1986||Allied Steel & Tractor Products, Inc.||Synchronous vibratory impact hammer|
|US4698926 *||May 22, 1986||Oct 13, 1987||Felco Industries, Ltd.||Hydraulic excavator and compactor bucket therefor|
|US4706762 *||Feb 21, 1986||Nov 17, 1987||J. I. Case Company||Grade leveling device|
|US5117925 *||Jan 16, 1990||Jun 2, 1992||White John L||Shock absorbing apparatus and method for a vibratory pile driving machine|
|US5249892 *||Mar 20, 1991||Oct 5, 1993||Fox Nathaniel S||Short aggregate piers and method and apparatus for producing same|
|US5257667 *||Nov 8, 1991||Nov 2, 1993||Kencho Kobe Co., Ltd.||Vibrating pile driver|
|US5526590 *||Sep 12, 1994||Jun 18, 1996||Palm Sales, Inc.||Trench compactor|
|US5713418 *||Jul 18, 1996||Feb 3, 1998||Warren Power Attachments||Vibratory compactor|
|US6079969 *||Dec 4, 1995||Jun 27, 2000||Thames Water Utilities Limited||Compactor|
|US6588987 *||Mar 30, 1999||Jul 8, 2003||Vibroflotation B.V.||Device for inserting foreign matter into the soil or for compacting the soil|
|US6609576||Nov 28, 2000||Aug 26, 2003||Melvin Hubbard||Method and apparatus for vibratory kinetic energy generation and applications thereof|
|US6715563||Nov 28, 2001||Apr 6, 2004||Melvin L. Hubbard||Method and apparatus for vibratory kinetic energy generation and applications thereof|
|US7080958||Apr 27, 2005||Jul 25, 2006||International Construction Equipment, Inc.||Vibratory pile driver/extractor with two-stage vibration/tension load suppressor|
|US7805865||Jan 13, 2006||Oct 5, 2010||M-B-W, Inc.||Vibratory exciter unit for interchangeable connection to various vibratory tools|
|US8128319||Jul 29, 2009||Mar 6, 2012||Geopier Foundation Company, Inc.||Shielded tamper and method of use for making aggregate columns|
|US8562258||Mar 5, 2012||Oct 22, 2013||Geopier Foundation Company, Inc.||Shielded tamper and method of use for making aggregate columns|
|US20040262019 *||Mar 11, 2004||Dec 30, 2004||Hubbard Melvin L||Method and apparatus for vibratory kinetic energy generation and applications thereof|
|US20060285924 *||Oct 18, 2005||Dec 21, 2006||Mccoskey William D||Asphalt compaction device with pneumatic wheels|
|US20070166103 *||Jan 13, 2006||Jul 19, 2007||Paske Benjamin J||Vibratory exciter unit for interchangeable connection to various vibratory tools|
|US20100028087 *||Feb 4, 2010||Geopier Foundation Company, Inc.||Shielded Tamper and Method of Use for Making Aggregate Columns|
|US20100189501 *||Jan 28, 2010||Jul 29, 2010||Grabnic Michael L||Vibratory compaction/driving apparatus|
|US20110013982 *||Jan 20, 2011||Dean Prohaska||Compaction Apparatus and Method of Use|
|US20130177359 *||Oct 30, 2012||Jul 11, 2013||North American Pile Driving Inc.||Method and Apparatus for Ground Improvement Using Compacted Aggregate Columns|
|EP0220373A2 *||Jun 24, 1986||May 6, 1987||Hitachi Construction Machinery Co., Ltd.||Vibratory compaction working machine|
|EP0877921A1 *||Jan 23, 1997||Nov 18, 1998||BBN Corporation||Soil compaction measurement|
|WO1991017322A1 *||Apr 18, 1991||Nov 14, 1991||Andreasson Lars||A soil compacting vibrator|
|WO1992016695A1 *||Mar 20, 1992||Oct 1, 1992||Nathaniel Sill Fox||Short aggregate piers and method and apparatus for producing same|
|WO2002055792A1 *||Nov 28, 2001||Jul 18, 2002||Hubbard Melvin L||Method and apparatus for vibratory kinetic energy generation and application thereof|
|WO2008012600A2 *||Nov 13, 2006||Jan 31, 2008||M-B-W, Inc.||Vibratory exciter unit for interchangeable connection to various vibratory tools|
|WO2008012600A3 *||Nov 13, 2006||Dec 4, 2008||Mbw Inc||Vibratory exciter unit for interchangeable connection to various vibratory tools|
|U.S. Classification||404/133.2, 173/49, 173/162.1|
|International Classification||E02D3/00, E02D9/00, E02D3/074, E02D9/02|
|Cooperative Classification||E02D9/02, E02D3/074|
|European Classification||E02D9/02, E02D3/074|
|Feb 12, 1987||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: NATIONAL WESTMINSTER BANK USA, 175 WATER STREET, N
Free format text: MORTGAGE;ASSIGNOR:ALLIED STEEL & TRACTOR PRODUCTS, INC., A CORP OF DE.;REEL/FRAME:004666/0099
Effective date: 19861230