|Publication number||US3909467 A|
|Publication date||Sep 30, 1975|
|Filing date||Aug 22, 1973|
|Priority date||Aug 22, 1973|
|Publication number||US 3909467 A, US 3909467A, US-A-3909467, US3909467 A, US3909467A|
|Inventors||Tatum John Allen|
|Original Assignee||Randolph Co|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (7), Referenced by (3), Classifications (19)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent Tatum Sept. 30, 1975 DOWNHOLE TOOL 3,197,263 7/1965 Holcombe 308/4 A 3,343,890 9 1967  Inventor: John Allen Tatum, Houston, Tex. 3,480094 njlgg 73 Assigneez The Randolph Company, Houston, 3,682,859 8/1972 Taylor et a1. 260/42.l8
OTHER PUBLICATIONS  Filed: Aug. 22, 1973 Encyclopedia of Pol. Sci. & Techn., Vol. 6, pp. pp No 390 438 629-633, (Interscience), (N.Y.), (1967).
Primary E.\an1iner-M. J. Welsh  L8. Cl. 260/8; 156/87; l66/l76; Assistant E 'an1iner H, H Fletcher 175/325; 260/6; 260/8; 260/9; 260/37 SB; 260/37 EP; 260/42.17; 260/42.l8; 260/873;  ABSTRACT 260/l7.4 BB; 308/4 A  Int. Cl. C08K 7/02- C08K 7/12" An Improved downhole tool for wen'loggmg dnumg EZIB 17/1O E21B 37/02 etc., is disclosed. The portions of the tool previously  Field of Search 166/176 l75/325 308/4 made of ordinary elastomers, such as bumpers, shock 260/41 AG 4218 8 9 6 SB absorbers and protectors for electrical connections,
156/87 are made ofa flocked elastomeric material. The material contains 15-40 percent by weight of flocked fi-  References Cited bers. The fibers are randomly oriented, and may be any of several materials, including polyester and cot- UNITED STATES PATENTS ton. The bubbling or blow-up previously encounsloogenberger tered in these parts of the tool, is eliminated. ar 2,804,678 9 1957 Rockoff 260/42.l8 10 Claims, 3 Drawing Figures US. Patent Sept. 30,1975
DOWNI-IOLE TOOL FIELD OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to downhole well tools.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION Under the high gas pressures that can exist in an oil or gas well, rubber parts of downhole tools are susceptible to blow-up or bubbling, thus shortening the useful life of such parts. The phenomenon is apparently caused by the fact that gas permeates the rubber at high pressure, and, upon removal of the tool from the hole, the sudden reduction in pressure occurs before the gas can escape, thus resulting in bubbling of the rubber elastomer.
The problem is especially severe when hydrogen sulfide is present in the well gas, since permeation of the rubber with H 8 results in embrittlement of the rubber, as well as bubbling.
Accordingly, it is a feature of this invention to eliminate bubbling in parts of downhole tools.
It is a further feature of this invention to prevent embrittlement of rubber parts of downhole tools, in an H 8 environmentv It is still another feature of this invention to provide a longer-lived downhole tool.
Further features and advantages of the invention will appear from a consideration of the detailed description to follow, including the claims and the drawings.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION In general, according to the present invention, the elastomeric parts of downhole tools, such as bumpers, shock absorbers, and protectors for electrical connections, are composed of an elastomeric material containing from to 50 percent by weight of randomly oriented flocked fibers. 15 to 40 percent is the preferred range. The fibers may be of any of a number of nonthermoplastic materials, including polyester and cotton.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 shows a typical tool section employing the present invention.
FIG. 2 illustrates an electrical cable section employing the present invention.
FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view of a flocked rubber object according to the present invention.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION Many parts of the downhole tools are customarily made of elastomeric materials, and subject to the bubbling problems discussed above. Such parts can be made as described herein, and include, for example:
Rubber boots, for electrical protection.
Bridle boots, covering the hook between cable and tool.
Protectors for electrical connections.
Coverings for positioning springs used in sonic and induction well logging.
All kinds of packers.
Suitable flexural elastomeric materials which may be employed in the present invention include, for example: Neoprene rubber; acrylonitrile-butadiene rubber (buna-N rubber); silicone rubber; fluoroelastomers, such as Viton (a trademark of E,I, DuPont de Nemours Co.); epichlorohydrin rubber, such as Hydrin (a trademark of the BF. Goodrich Company).
According to the present invention flocked fibers are evenly distributed in the elastomeric material of such tool parts, in a concentration of from about 15 to about 50 percent, by weight. The preferred range is 15 to 40 percent. At concentrations above 40 percent, the strength of the material is increased, but there may be a degradation in resiliency.
The fibers may be of any of a number of nonthermoplastic materials, e.g., rayon polyesters, cotton, asbestos, glass, or wool. The fibers should be able to withstand temperatures of 300500 F. commonly encountered in boreholes. Mixtures of acceptable fibers of different materials are especially preferred.
The length of the fibers should be from one sixtyfourth in. to one-fourth in. These lengths may be obtained by chopping. Generally, the longer lengths will be more suitable for larger objects. I have found that an equally distributed mixture of fiber lengths between one sixty-fourth in. and one-eighth in. works particularly well.
Although it has been known to use long fibers of defined orientation geometry to provide gas release paths in elastomers during curing thereof, such materials have not heretofore been used in downhole tools. Moreover, the present invention is entirely different in concept, since it employs short, randomly oriented fibers, which would not be expected to solve the bubbling problems previously discussed herein.
The tools of the present invention are designed for use under high-presssure conditions. The boreholes are customarily liquid-filled.
Typical embodiments of the improved downhole tool of the present invention are illustrated generally in the drawings.
In FIG. 1, an O-ring l of flocked-fiber-filled rubber is shown seated in a groove 2 between two tubular sections 3 and 4.
In FIG. 2, a flocked-fiber-filled rubber material 5 is employed as a sheathing around an insulated electrical cable 6.
FIG. 3 illustrates a toroidal shaped member 7, such as a bumper, which would surround a tool section. The bumper contains short, randomly oriented fibers 8.
The subject matter of which I seek letters patent is defined by the following claims:
1. In a device designed for use under high pressure conditions in a liquid-filled borehole, having at least one component of gas-permeable flexural material, the improvement comprising:
said flexural material having uniformly distributed therethrough from 15% to 50 percent by weight of randomly oriented flocked fibers, said fibers being of non-thermoplastic material and having lengths from about one sixty-fourth inch to about onefourth inch.
2. The device of claim 1 wherein said flocked fibers comprise a mixture of fibers of varying lengths.
3. The device of claim 1 wherein said flexural material is selected from the group consisting of neoprene rubber, acrylonitrile-butadiene rubber, silicone rubber, fluoro-elastomer, and epichlorohydrin rubber.
4. The device of claim 1 wherein said fibers are selected from the group of materials consisting of rayon, polyesters, cotton, wool, asbestos, and glass.
5. A method of enhancing life of a downhole tool having at least one component of gas-permeable flexural material, comprising the step of uniformly incorporating throughout said flexural material randomly oriented fibers, in a concentration of from about to about 50 percent by weight, said fibers having lengths between about 1/64 inch and about A inch.
6. The method of claim 5 wherein said fibers are selected from the group consisting of rayon, polyesters, cotton, wool, asbestos, and glass.
7. The method of claim 6, wherein said flexural material isselected from the group consisting of neoprene rubber, acrylonitrile-butadiene rubber, silicone rubber, fluoroelastomer, and epichlorohydrin rubber.
8. A method of preventing bubbling of an elastomeric tool component upon withdrawal from a high pressure borehole, comprising forming said component of 50-85 percent of elastomeric material and 15-50 percent of randomly oriented flocked fibers having lengths from about 1/64 inch to about A inch.
9. The method of claim 8, wherein said fibers are selected from the group consisting of rayon, polyesters, cotton, wool, asbestos, and glass.
10. The method of claim 9, wherein said elastomeric material is selected from the group consisting of neoprene rubber, acrylonitrile-butadiene rubber, silicone rubber, fluoroelastomer, and epichlorohydrin rubber.
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|US1392576 *||Oct 5, 1918||Oct 4, 1921||Firestone Tire & Rubber Co||Method of manufacturing solid tires|
|US2604364 *||Nov 3, 1949||Jul 22, 1952||Ward Warren F||Sucker rod guide|
|US2804678 *||Sep 30, 1953||Sep 3, 1957||Dayton Rubber Company||Roll|
|US3197263 *||Jan 30, 1963||Jul 27, 1965||Benton Dorothy Holcombe||Vibration dampener and stabilizer for sucker rods|
|US3343890 *||Jan 18, 1965||Sep 26, 1967||Exxon Production Research Co||Apparatus for reducing casing wear during drilling operations|
|US3480094 *||Mar 21, 1968||Nov 25, 1969||Morris James B N||Drill collar for protecting drill string|
|US3682859 *||Jun 20, 1969||Aug 8, 1972||Liquid Nitrogen Processing||Free-flowing tetrafluoroethylene polymer composition and process of producing the same|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4658089 *||May 28, 1985||Apr 14, 1987||Hughes Tool Company||Electrical cable with fabric layer|
|US4663383 *||Feb 25, 1986||May 5, 1987||E. I. Du Pont De Nemours And Company||Silica coated olefin-acid copolymer molding pellets|
|US4820764 *||Jun 6, 1988||Apr 11, 1989||Baker Hughes Incorporated||High gas oil ratio resistant elastomer|
|U.S. Classification||524/12, 524/34, 156/87, 525/165, 175/325.5, 524/452, 166/176, 525/438, 525/177, 524/41, 524/35, 525/437, 174/113.00R, 524/455, 524/494|
|International Classification||C08K7/02, C08K7/00|