|Publication number||US3910198 A|
|Publication date||Oct 7, 1975|
|Filing date||Apr 18, 1974|
|Priority date||Dec 15, 1972|
|Publication number||US 3910198 A, US 3910198A, US-A-3910198, US3910198 A, US3910198A|
|Original Assignee||Rexnord Inc|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (5), Referenced by (4), Classifications (11), Legal Events (4)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent [191 Krivec Oct. 7, 1975 CHAIN-DRIVENDOG Bert Krivec, Waukesha, Wis.
 Assignee: Rexnord Inc., Milwaukee, Wis.
 Filed: Apr. 18, 1974  Appl. No.: 462,061
Related US. Application Data  Continuation of Ser. No. 315,694, Dec. 15, 1972,
 US. Cl 104/172 B; 104/162; 104/172 BT; 198/170  Int. Cl. B65G 17/42; B65G 17/18  Field of Search 104/172 R, 172 B, 172 S, 104/130, 162, 163,147; 198/170  References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 780,348 1/1905 Jackman 104/172 B 2,642,005 6/1953 C0oper.... 104/172 B 2,742,863 4/1956 Burkitt.... 104/172 3 3,565,012 Nearman 104/172 S 3,595,174 7/1971 Juve 104/162 Primary ExaminerDrayt0n E. Hoffman Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Sughrue, Rothwell, Mion,
Zinn & Macpeak [5 7] ABSTRACT In a unit carrier system in which a plurality of cars are driven over a trackway by means of the frictional interaction of reaction surfaces and propulsion wheels, apparatus for transmitting relatively large amounts of power to the cars. The apparatus comprises a dog pivotally mounted on the bottom of each car and a motor-driven endless chain carrying a plurality of cooper ating pawls in the trackway. The car preferably enters the system at a speed in excess of the chain speed, and the dog is pivoted out of the way by the back of one or more of the pawls, but the car gradually loses speed until the front of one of the pawls overtakes the dog, forces it against a stop, and thereafter pushes the car along.
7 Claims, 6 Drawing Figures US. Patent 0a. 7,1975 Sheet 1 of 3 3,910,198
US. Patent Oct. 7,1975 Sheet 2 of3 3,910,198
Sheet 3 of 3 US. Patent Oct. 7,1975
CHAIN-DRIVEN DOG This is a Continuation of Ser. No. 315,6?4, filed Dec. 15, 1972 now abandoned.
FIELD OF THE INVENTION This invention relates generally to apparatus for transmitting power to the cars of a unit carrier system in which a plurality of cars are driven over a trackway, and, more specifically, to apparatus for changing the elevation of cars in a unit carrier system such as is disclosed in commonly assigned US. Pat. Nos. 3,621,790, 3,626,859, and 3,650,216.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION In friction-powered unit carrier systems such as are disclosed in the above-listed patents, the amount of normal force between the reaction tubes and the propulsion wheels is limited to something less than the weight of the cars in order to provide stable operation. This limitation in turn limits the accelerational capabilities of this drive technique to values less than that desirable at certain critical points in the system -e.g., where the cars have to climb steep inclines and where they must beaccelerated from zero velocity in a queing station to the velocity of the cars on the main line. The
present invention is designed to supplantfthe frictionpowcred driveapparatus at such critical points in the system, allowing the cars to be driven up a steeper incline or accelerated on to the main line more rapidly than they otherwisecould be.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION In a unit carrier system in which a plurality of cars are driven over a trackway by means of the frictional inter action of reaction surfaces and propulsion wheels, apparatus for transmitting relatively large amounts of power to the cars. The apparatus comprises a dog pivotally mounted on the bottom of each car and a motordriven endless chain carrying a plurality of cooperating pawls in the trackway. The car preferably enters the system at a speed in excess of the chain speed, and the dog is pivoted out of the way by the back of one or more of the pawls, but the car gradually loses speed until the front of one of the pawls overtakes the dog, forces it against a stop, and thereafter pushes the car along.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a plan view of an incline incorporating the present invention.
F IG. 2 is a side elevational view of the incline shown in FIG. 1.
FIG. 3 is a side sectional view of the engagement of a carmounted dog and a chain-mounted pawl in accordance with the present invention showing the chainmounted pawl pushing the car-mounted dog against the forward stop.
FIG. 4 is a front sectional view taken along the lines IVIV in FIG. 3.
FIG. 5 is a side elevational view of a decline similar in plan to the incline shown in FIG. 2.
FIG. 6 is a side sectional view of the engagement of a car-mounted dog and a chain-mounted pawl in accordance with the present invention showing the chainmounted pawl pushing the car-mounted dog against the rear stop.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT While the present invention could be used at a queing station such as is described in commonly assigned US. Pat. No. 3,626,859 or at a merge such as is described in commonly assigned US. Application Ser. No. 325,059, filed Dec. 14, 1972, it finds its most ready application at trackway inclines because the car preferably enters the system at a speed in excess of the chain speed in order to minimize the shock when the chain and pawl take over the powering of the car. Accordingly, the preferred embodiment described herein utilizes the present invention at a trackway incline.
FIGS. 1 and 2 show such an incline in the tracks 10. The incline begins with a level section of track, so that the unit carriers 12 (shown in phantom on FIG. 2 only) may be transferred from the drive system operative elsewhere in the system to the drive system operable on the incline before the actual ascent begins. To accom plish this, the linear velocity of the latter should preferably be slightly less than that of the former, as will become obvious as the description of the incline drive system progresses. Following the initial level section of the track, there is a 30 curved portion, a straight portion at a 30 angle to the ground, another 30 curved portion, and a short level terminal portion.
Set approximately midway between the tracks 10 is an apparatus 14 embodying the present invention. This apparatus comprises a motor 16, a coupling 18, a gear box 20 for reducing the rotational speed of the output of the motor 16, a power transmission means 22 which can be either two sprockets and a chain or two sheaves and a belt, and a chain and sprocket system powered by all of the foregoing. This chain and sprocket system comprises (1) a chain guide 24 (best seen in FIG. 4) which guides the chain 26 in a fixed relationship relative to the bottom of the cars 12 as they enter and leave the incline and as they ascend the curved portions of the incline and (2) a series of sprockets 28 and 28 which guide the chain on the flat portion of the incline and on the chains return path. It should be particularly noted that the central portion of the sprockets 28, which are on the outside of the chain envelope, have to have their central portions cut away to accomodate passage of the pawls 30, best seen in FIGS. 3 and 4.
FIGS. 3 and 4 show the engagement of one of the pawls 30 with a dog 32 in detail. A dog 32 is mounted on the bottom of each car 12 in any appropriate manner and comprises a pivoting finger 34, shown in FIG. 3 both in its down position (solid line) and its up position (broken line). The finger .34 rotates freely about the shaft 36, which journalled in a housing 37, from a position against a forward stop .38 to a position against a rear stop 40. It should be noted that the axis of the shaft 36 is set forward of the point of the finger 34 when in its down position. This configuration prevents binding between the bottom of the tip of the finger 34 and the top of the pawl 30.
The pawl 30 is shown as an insert in the chain 26. This is because chains of the shape of chain 26 are commercially available, but the pawl 30 could as well be manufactured integrally with the chain 26 so far as the present invention is concerned.
The chain 26 is shown in FIG. 4 moving in a chain guide 24 having both a top and bottom engagement surface. However, it will be obvious that only a bottom surface is strictly necessary at the top of the incline and only a top surface is strictly necessary'at the bottom. The chain guide 24 is mounted between the tracks 10 in any suitable fashion, as, for instance on cross ties.
In operation, the chain 26 is driven at a constant speed which is preferably slightly slower than that of the cars prior to and after the incline. As the car enters the incline, therefore, the dog will override the first couple of pawls, the finger 34 being forced from the down position towards the up position by the back of each successive pawl. However, since the car is bereft of its normal driving power, its velocity is gradually reduced by friction and by gravity until the speed of the car is just less than the speed of the chain.
At that moment, the front of one of the pawls overtakes the dog, forces it against its forward stop 38, and the chain takes over the driving of the car. At the upper end of the incline, the speed of the normal driving apparatus is again preferably slightly faster than that of the chain, thus providing smooth disengagement of the dog from the chain.
It should also be noted that the same dog can be used as a positive retardation means on declines to prevent excessive gravity acceleration. Such a decline is shown in FIG. 5, and the engagement of the car-mounted dog 32 and a chain-mounted pawl 30' is shown in FIG. 6. (In FIGS. and 6, the same numerals are used to designate parts which are identical to parts previously described, and primed numerals are used to designate parts which are modified to permit their use on a decline rather than an incline.) In this embodiment of the present invention, the pawls 30, are mounted in the opposite direction and are slightly longer so that they will force the finger 34 against the stop 40 rather than the stop 38. However, everything else remains the same.
C AVEAT While the present invention has been illustrated by a detailed description of a preferred embodiment thereof, it will be obvious to those skilled in the art that various changes in form and detail can be made therein without departing from the true scope of the invention. For that reason, the invention must be measured by the claims appended hereto and not by the foregoing preferred embodiment.
What is claimed is:
1. In a unit carrier system in which a plurality of cars are driven over a trackway, apparatus for accelerating and decelerating the cars, said apparatus comprising:
a. a dog mounted on the exterior of at least some of the cars, each of said dogs comprising i. a housing;
ii. a forward stop mounted on said housing at a first distance from a first endless chain recited hereinafter,
iii. a rear stop mounted on said housing at a second distance from a second endless chain. recited hereinafter, said second distance being different than said first distance, and
iv. a finger pivotably mounted in said housing and movable between a first position in which it is positioned against said forward stop and a second position in which is is positioned against said rear stop; b. a first plurality of pawls; c. a first endless chain carrying said first plurality of pawls, said first endless chain being mounted adjacent to the trackway in a position such that said first plurality of pawls engages said fingers when they are in their first position; i d. first means for driving said first endless chain in the direction of motion of the cars on the trackway,
thereby pushing said fingers against said first stops; e. a second plurality of pawls of a different length than said first plurality of pawls; f. a second endless chain carrying said second plurality of pawls, said second endless chain being mounted adjacent to the trackway at a place remote from said first endless chain in a position such that said second plurality of pawls engages said fingers when they are in their second position; and second means for driving said second endless chain in the direction of motion of the cars on the trackway, thereby pushing said fingers against said second stops, whereby the cars may be accelerated by said first means, acting through said first endless chain, said first plurality of pawls, said fingers, and said first stops, and decelerated by said second means, acting through said second endless chain, said second plurality of pawls, said fingers, and said second stops.
2. Apparatus as claimed in claim 1 wherein said first means is adapted to drive said first endless chain at a speed slightly less than that of the cars on the portion of the trackway immediately preceding the portion of the trackway where said first endless chain is located.
3. Apparatus as claimed in claim 1 wherein said first means comprises:
' a. a motor;
b. a coupling;
c. a gear box for reducing the rotational speed of the output of the motor; and
d. means for transmitting the output of said gear box to said endless chain.
4. Apparatus as claimed in claim 1 wherein, when said fingers are positioned against said forward stops, the points on said fingers which come in contact with said first plurality of pawls are located behind the points about which said fingers pivot when considered with reference to the direction in which said first endless chain moves.
5. Apparatus as claimed in claim 1 wherein said forward and rear stops and said first endless chain are positioned such that, when the speed of one of said cars exceeds the speed of said first endless chain, the finger on said car will be pivoted away from said forward stop by contact with said first plurality of pawls without, however, coming into contact with said rear stop.
6. Apparatus as claimed in claim 1 wherein said first endless chain is located at an incline in the trackway.
7. Apparatus as claimed in claim 1 wherein said second endless chain is located at a decline in the trackway.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US780348 *||Oct 3, 1904||Jan 17, 1905||Stephen Edward Jackman||Inclined railway.|
|US2642005 *||Jan 8, 1951||Jun 16, 1953||Drive system fob roller coasters|
|US2742863 *||Mar 27, 1953||Apr 24, 1956||Link Belt Co||Car haul|
|US3565012 *||Oct 21, 1968||Feb 23, 1971||Eaton Yale & Towne||Conveyor carrier control system|
|US3595174 *||Nov 20, 1969||Jul 27, 1971||Udylite Corp||Synchronized turntable for a reciprocating conveyor|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US5473991 *||Jul 22, 1993||Dec 12, 1995||Crum; Martin D.||Apparatus for conveying work objects|
|CN101654187B||Aug 26, 2009||Nov 14, 2012||中冶连铸技术工程股份有限公司||Chain type steel conveyor and steel conveying system|
|CN101654188B||Aug 26, 2009||Nov 14, 2012||中冶连铸技术工程股份有限公司||Chain type steel conveyor and steel conveying system|
|WO1989006632A1 *||Jan 25, 1989||Jul 27, 1989||Eskilstuna Fabriks Ab||A ceiling carrier system|
|U.S. Classification||104/172.3, 104/162, 198/732, 104/172.2|
|International Classification||B61B9/00, B61B10/00, B61B10/04|
|Cooperative Classification||B61B10/04, B61B9/00|
|European Classification||B61B9/00, B61B10/04|
|Sep 1, 1995||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: CITICORP NORTH AMERICA, INC., ILLINOIS
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:WILMINGTON TRUST COMPANY;WADE, WILLIAM J.;REEL/FRAME:007677/0077
Effective date: 19950222
|Aug 25, 1988||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: WILMINGTON TRUST COMPANY AND WADE WILLIAM J. AS TR
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST. AMENDED SECURITY AGREEMENT;ASSIGNOR:REXNORD HOLDINGS INC., A CORP. OF DE;REEL/FRAME:004945/0853
Effective date: 19880816
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:REXNORD HOLDINGS INC., A CORP. OF DE;REEL/FRAME:4945/853
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:REXNORD HOLDINGS INC., A CORP. OF DE;REEL/FRAME:004945/0853
|Aug 24, 1988||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: REXNORD HOLDINGS INC., 350 N. SUNNY SLOPE, BROOKFI
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:REXNORD INC., A CORP. OF WI;REEL/FRAME:004938/0476
Effective date: 19880808
|May 8, 1987||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: WADE, WILLIAM J., RODNEY SQUARE NORTH, WILMINGTON
Free format text: SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:REXNORD INC.;REEL/FRAME:004817/0047
Effective date: 19870430
Owner name: WILMINGTON TRUST COMPANY, RODNEY SQUARE NORTH, WIL