Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3911422 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 7, 1975
Filing dateMar 4, 1974
Priority dateMar 4, 1974
Also published asCA1035877A, CA1035877A1, DE2504730A1
Publication numberUS 3911422 A, US 3911422A, US-A-3911422, US3911422 A, US3911422A
InventorsFrank M Lay, Allen W Mcdowell
Original AssigneeIbm
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Gas panel with shifting arrangement with a display having increased light intensity
US 3911422 A
Abstract
A gas panel arrangement for storing, displaying and selectively shifting information from one place therein to another includes an envelope filled with an illuminable gas, a plurality of vertical conductors disposed in parallel on one side of the envelope, a plurality of horizontal conductors disposed in parallel on the opposite side of the envelope with the regions of illuminable gas in the vicinity of the coordinate intersections of the vertical and horizontal conductors defining gas cells, a writing arrangement which inserts binary information in a given portion of the envelope by igniting or not igniting the illuminable gas cells to represent binary ones and zeros, a shifting arrangement which includes a first sequence of signals repetitively supplied to the vertical conductors to shift binary information horizontally, and a sustain mechanism which supplied a second sequence of signals repetitively to given vertical conductors thereby to increase the number of ignited gas cells and accordingly increase the light intensity to render brighter letters, numbers, characters and the like which are illuminated on the face of the display device.
Images(3)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent McDowell et al.

Oct. 7, 1975 [75] Inventors: Allen W. McDowell, Kingston; [57] ABSTRACT grank Woodstock both of A gas panel arrangement for storing, displaying and selectively shifting information from one place therein {73] Assignee: International Business Machines to another includes an envelope filled with an illumin- Corporation, Armonk, NY. able gas, a plurality of vertical conductors disposed in parallel on one side of the envelope, a plurality of hor- [221 Flled 1974 izontal conductors disposed in parallel on the opposite [21] Appl. No.: 447,595 side of the envelope with the regions of illuminable gas in the vicinity of the coordinate intersections of the vertical and horizontal conductors defining gas [52] 340/324 315/169 24 52 cells, a writing arrangement which inserts binary information in a given portion of the envelope by igniting [51] Int. Cl.- G06F 3/14 th bl wt t s h 340/343 324 M 166 EL or no igm mg e 1 umina e gas ce s o represen [58] new of earc 169 169 binary ones and zeros, a shlfting arrangement which 4 includes a first sequence of signals repetitively supplied to the vertical conductors to shift binary infor- [56] References Cited mation horizontally, and a sustain mechanism which UNITED STATES PATENTS supplied a second sequence of signals repetitively to 3,683,364 8/l'972 Holz et al 340/324 M given vertical conductors thereby to increase the num- .775.764 ll/l973 Gaur 340/166 EL ber of ignited gas cells and accordingly increase the 7 4 2/1974 Collins et a] 1 1 340/168 5 light intensity to render brighter letters, numbers, 3'795'908 3/1974 McDowell at a] 340/324 M characters and the like which are illuminated on the face of the display device.

9 Claims, 7 Drawing Figures RING 011 P3 P5 DRIVER P5 73 103 I P2 I DRIVER P2 P2 T2 102 I 105 1 P1 1 P1 I DRIVER A P1 11 J 101 I 104 V I I MSHIFT I I 108 M 0 MODE 1 i LATCH l 110 511m susnm I U.S. Patent 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 hfil l n H Hwl l ln i l l h HM w I IHH I IHHHHHU H U m m1 2 3 #AHHHM HHHH HH H nw l l i lfln Hl I I IHHi l lHU m H W QT w. Tm H I HH n H IH I IHH IMNWI I I M NH w H H n H HM U n u n lm+ llullllvlllllllllllIll-I'lllllllll llll ll II US. Patent Oct. 7,1975 Sheet 2 of 3 3,911,422

DI RECTI 0N 0F SHIFT FIG. 2 FIG. 3

FIG.6 FIG.7

DIRECTION SHIFT FIG.5

FIG. 4

0 MODE 1 LATCH GAS PANEL WITH SHIFTING ARRANGEMENT WITH A DISPLAY HAVING INCREASED LIGHT INTENSITY CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS Application Ser. No. 262,367 filed on June 13, 1972 for Gas Panel With Multi-Directional Shifting Arrangement by Allen W. McDowell et al., now U.S. Pat. No. 3,795,908.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. This invention relates to gas panels and more particularly to such devices where information displayed and shifted, vertically or horizontally, may be viewed more easily by increasing the number of the illuminated gas cells of the gas panel.

2. In earlier Ser. No. panels such as that described in co-pending application Ser. 214,348 referred to above, information represented by ignited gas cells in the form of numbers, letters, characters and the like are shifted horizontally, vertically, or both horizontally and vertically to a selected position. Such illuminated numbers, letters characters and the like are depicted by a series of single illuminated gas cells which form the shape of the visible character. It is desirable to increase the light intensity of the visible characters in the earlier gas panels by increasing the number of ignited gas cells, and it it desirable to do so without increasing the complexity of the writing, shifting and sustaining circuitry needed to operate the gas panel in order to minimize the cost of construction and repair. It is to this end that the present invention is directed.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION It is a feature of this invention to provide a gas panel for storing, displaying, selectively shifting information from one place to another on the face of a gas panel, and to increase the light intensity of displayed characters by increasing the number of ignited cells which define such characters.

It is a feature of this invention to provide a gas panel for storing, displaying, selectively shifting from one place to another on the gas panel, and to increase the light intensity of displayed characters by increasing the number of ignited cells which define such character by an arrangement which is simple in construction and relatively inexpensive to manufacture, operate, and main tain.

In one arrangement according to this invention a gas panel is provided for storing, displaying, selectively shifting characters from one place to another by an arrangement which includes an envelope filled with an illuminable gas having a plurality of vertical conductors disposed in parallel on one side of the envelope and a plurality of horizontal conductors disposed in parallel on the opposite side of the envelope thereby to form a matrix array or grid network. The illuminable gas in the vicinity of the coordinate intersections of the vertical and horizontal conductors define gas cells. A writing device is coupled to a given portion of the envelope for writing information therein by igniting or not igniting the illuminable gas to represent binary ones and zeros. Information written or inserted on the face of the gas panel thereafter is shifted through the matrix array of vertical and horizontal conductors to selected destinations. Once information in the form of a character, represented by a series of individual igniting gas cells has reached its destination by shifting operations, its light intensity is increased by igniting another gas cell adjacent to each individual ignited gas cell forming the character. The ignited cell may be on the horizontal axis to the left or right, or it may be on the vertical axis either above or below. Alternatively, additional adjacent cells in both the horizontal and the vertical regions may be illuminated. This can be accomplished in various types of gas panel display devices including that shown and described in said co-pending application Ser. No. 214,348 referred to above by providing sustain signals to the coordinate drive line where the information is shifted to as well as the adjacent coordinate drive line from which the information last was shifted. By so doing the number of ignited gas cells is doubled thereby increasing the light intensity of the displayed character. If the last shift is performed along the horizontal axis, then the pairs of ignited gas cells are disposed horizontally. If the last shift is performed along the vertical axis, then the pairs of ignited gas cells are disposed vertically. If it is desired to increase the light intensity of a displayed character further, then such pair of ignited gas cells may be shifted again, either vertically or horizontally as desired, thereby to ignite and sustain still further adjacent gas cells.

The foregoing and other objects, features and advantages of the invention will be apparent from the following more particular description of preferred embodiments of the invention, as illustrated in the accompanying drawings.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 illustrates one embodiment according to this invention. 1

FIG. 2 illustrates a gas panel which shifts characters to the right and forms the characters with single ignited gas cells.

FIG. 3 illustrates the character in FIG. 2 shifted once to the right and sustained to ignite a pair of gas cells for each gas cell in FIG. 2.

FIG. 4 illustrates in detail the pulse distributor shown in block form in FIG. 1.

FIG. 5 illustrates a gas panel which shifts characters upwardly and forms the characters with single ignited gas cells.

FIG. 6 illustrates the character in FIG. 5 shifted once upwardly and sustained to ignite a pair of gas cells for each ignited gas cell in FIG. 5.

FIG. 7 illustrates the character in FIG. 6 shifted once to the left or right, or the character in FIG. 3 shifted once up or down, and thereafter sustained to double once again the number of ignited gas cells in FIG. 3 or FIG. 6.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Referring first to FIG. 1, a gas-filled container 10 serves as a storage or display device. The container 10 may be filled with a combination of illuminable gases in the vicinity of atmospheric pressure. One suitable such container is illustrated and described in copending application Ser. No. 214,348 filed on Dec. 30, 1971 for Gas Panel Fabrication by Peter H. Haberland et al.

A set of W horizontal conductors 15 through 19 are disposed as shown beneath the gas, where W is any integer which is a multiple of three. A set of N vertical conductors 21 through 29 are disposed as shown above the gas, where N is any integer which is a multiple of three. The horizontal conductors or drive lines 15 through 19 and the vertical conductors or drive lines 21 through 29 serve as coordinate lines which divide the gas into a grid network or a matrix array of gas cells. Gas cells are defined by the regions of the gas between the vertical and horizontal lines at the coordinate intersections of such horizontal and vertical lines. The gas panel is shown with a small number of vertical and horizontal conductors in the interest of convenience.

A vertical drive line 40 disposed above the gas and a plurality of horizontal drive lines 45 through 49 disposed beneath the gas are used to insert or write data in the gas by igniting or not igniting the gas cells defined by the coordinate intersections of the vertical drive line 40 and the horizontal drive lines 45 through 49 thereby to represent binary information. The gasfilled container is operated by signals applied to the vertical and horizontal drive lines. A normalized pulse generator 60 supplies signals on an output line 61 to the horizontal drive lines through 19. Signals from the normalized pulse generator 60 on the line 61 are sup plied also through an inverter 62 to a pulse distributor 63. The pulse distributor 63 in turn provides signals on outputlines 71 through 73. Signals on output line 71 are supplied to a set of vertical drive lines 21, 24 and 27. Signals on the output line 72 are supplied to a set of vertical drive lines 22, and 28. Signals on the output line 73 are supplied to a set of vertical drive lines 23, 26 and 29. Signals on the output line 73 are supplied also to a set of gates 81 through 85. A character generator 90 supplies signals representing binary data on output lines 91 through 95 to respective gates 81 through 85.

For a detailed description of the construction and operation of the gas panel reference is made to copending application Ser. No. 262,367 for Gas Panel With Multi-Directional'Shifting Arrangement filed on June l3, l972 by Allen W. McDowell et al. Briefly summarized, the character generator 90 supplies signals through the gates 81 through 85 to respective lines 45 through 49 to ignite selected ones of the gas cells defined by the coordinate intersections of the vertical line and the horizontal lines through 49. This transfer is made by a P3 pulse on the line 73. The pulses P1, P2 and P3 are supplied, in a repetitive sequence for shift operations. The next P1 pulse shifts information represented by the ignited cells on the vertical line 40 to the corresponding horizontal position on the vertical line 21. The following P2 pulse shifts information represented by the ignited cells on the vertical line 21 to the corresponding horizontal position on the vertical line 22. The next P3 pulse shifts information represented by the ignited cells on the vertical line 22 to the corresponding horizontal position on the vertical line 23, and simultaneously the P3 pulse operates the gates 81 through to transfer the next byte of information from the character generator in the form of signals which ignite selected gas cells on the vertical line 40 as explained above. This process continues until all bytes of a given character have been inserted at the left, shifted to the right, and stored as ignited gas cells on the vertical lines 23, 26 and 29. P3 pulses are continuously applied on the line 73 to sustain the ignition of gas cells on the lines 23, 26 and 29 thereby to provide permanent storage. The character thus written on the face of the gas panel is depicted by a series of ignited gas cells which, as shown in FIG. 2, are individual light sources with dark areas therebetween. FIG. 2 is a schematic representation of a gas panel showing the grid network of vertical and horizontal drive lines with ignited gas cells forming the letter R. The grid network of horizontal and vertical lines in FIG. 2 is much more compact than that shown in FIG. 1. The grid network of FIG. 1 was expanded for ease of illustration, but in a practical arrangement the horizontal and vertical drive lines are disposed with 35 to 50 lines per inch. The letter R in FIG. 2 is formed with a series of individual ignited gas cells where each gas cell is a point source of light. FIG. 2 illustrates the manner in which characters are generated and displayed by the gas panel illustrated and described in said co-pending application Ser. No. 262,367 referred to above.

Displayed characters are more easily seen if the light intensity of such characters is increased. One way to increase the light intensity is to increase the number of ignited gas cells which define the character. Qne simple and novel technique for doing this according to this invention is to shift the character of FIG. 2 to the right to its destination and then during sustain operations double the number of ignited gas cells along the direction of the shift by sustaining the ignited gas cells repetitively with P2 and P3 pulses on all of the vertical lines 22, 23, 25, 26, 28 and'29 in FIG. 1. By sustaining all ignited gas cells with both P2 and P3 pulses, instead of using only P3 pulses as was done before, twice as many gas cells remain ignited, and this result is illustrated by the character R in FIG. 3. Next the manner of sustaining with P2 and P3 pulses is described.

Referring next to FIG. 4, a train of pulses from the inverter 62 is supplied to a ring circuit composed of stages P1, P2 and P3. The pulses of the train supplied to the ring circuit are distributed to the respective output lines 101, 102 and 103 in turn. Signals on the lines 102 and 103 are supplied to respective drivers 105 and 106. Output signals from the drivers 105 and 106 are supplied on the respective lines 72 and 73 as P2 and P3 pulses respectively. P1 signals on the line 101 are supplied to an AND circuit 107. A mode control latch 108 has an output line 109 which supplies output signals to the AND circuit 107. Input control lines and 111 supply signals to the mode latch 108. A control signal is applied to the input line 110 to set the mode latch 108 to the shift mode, and this latch in turn supplies a control signal on the line 109 to operate the AND circuit 107. This causes the AND circuit 107 to pass P1 pulses on the line 101 to a driver 104. The driver 104 in turn supplies Pl pulses to the output line 71 when shifting operations take place. A control signal is supplied to the input line 1 11 to reset the mode latch to the sustain mode. When this takes place, the mode latch 108 supplies a signal on theoutput line 109 which deactivates the AND circuit 107 thereby inhibiting the P1 pulses'on the line 101 from reaching the driver 104. No P1 pulses are supplied on the output line 71 whenever the mode latch 108 is reset. to the sustain mode. If a character is to be inserted on the face of the gas panel in FIG. 1, a signal is applied on the line 110 in FIG. 4 thereby to set the mode latch 108 and condition the AND circuit 107 to pass P1 pulses. Thereafter the pulse distributor 63 supplies successive pulses P1, P2 and P3 on respective'lines 71, 72 and 73 as successive sets of data signals from the character generator '90 in FIG. 1 are supplied to the gas panel and shifted to the right. Once all information has been inserted and shiftedto the right to the desired location, the shift mode is terminated by supplying a controlsignal to the line 111 in FIG. 4 which thereby terminates the shift mode and ini- I tiates the sustain mode. This inhibits the further passage of PI pulses to the lines 21, 24, and 27 in FIG. 1. However, the pulse distributor 63 in FIG. 4 continues to supply P2 and P3 pulses from the stages P2 and P3 of the ring circuit along respective lines 102 and 103 through respective drivers 105 and 106 to respective output lines 72 and 73. The P2 signals on the line 72 in FIG. 4 are supplied to the vertical conductors 22, 25 and 28 in FIG. 1. The P3 signalson the output line 73 in FIG. 4 are supplied to the vertical drive lines 23, 26

greater than that in FIG. 1 because it is composed of twice as many ignited gas cells as the character in FIG. 2. The increased light intensity is caused by ignited gas cells disposed along the horizontal axis in FIG. 3. It may and 29 of FIG. 1. Each binary bit of information repre sented by an ignited gas cell on horizontal lines is sustained by a P3 pulse on the associated vertical line, and in addition the gas cell adjacent thereto on the left is ignited by a P2 pulse. This is illustrated by example next.

For the purpose of simplifying the illustration, a single binary bit is used. Let it be assumed (I) that the mode latch 108 in FIG. 4 is reset to the shift mode, (2) that the next pulse to occur is a P1 pulse, (3) that a gas cell in FIG. 1 defined by the coordinate intersection of horizontal line 17 and vertical line 23 is ignited, and (4) that the sustain mode will be initiated when the ignited gas cell reaches the location defined by horizontal drive line 17 and vertical drive line 26. The next P1 pulse causes the gas cell on the horizontal line 17 to be shifted from the vertical line 23 to the vertical line 24. The subsequent P2 pulse causes the ignited'gas cell on the line 24 to be shifted from the vertical line 25 to its ultimate destination on the vertical line 26. A control signal is supplied to the line lll in FIG. 4 to reset the mode latch 108 to the sustain mode, This inhibits the passage of further P1 pulses ,tothe lines 21, 24 and 27 in FIG. 1. When the next P2 pulse is supplied on the line 72 to the vertical, line 25 in FIG. 1, it reignites the gas cell defined by the coordinate intersection of the vertical line 25 and the horizontal line 17. It is pointed out that this gas cell has retained its binary one state sufficiently long to reignite when the P2 pulse recurred. The subsequent P3 pulse on the line 73 in FIG. 1 is supplied to the vertical line 26, and it reignites the gas cell at the coordinate intersection of the vertical line 26 and the horizontal line 17. This gas cell retained its binary one state sufficiently long to reignite when the P3 pulse recurred. Thereafter the P2 and P3 puls es continuously sustain the gas cells on the horizontal line 17 at the coordinate intersections with the vertical lines 25 and 26. Thus, it is seen from the foregoing that the singleig nited gas cell defined by the intersection of the horizontal line 17 and the vertical line 23 results in two gas cells on the horizontal line 17 at the intersection of vertical lines 25 and 26 being ignited and sustained. Thus it follows that the light intensity of the character information thereby represented is increased.

From the forgoing illustration of how one ignited gas cell is employed to ignite two gas cells along the horizontal shift direction upon the termination of the shift operations, it readily is seen how all of the single gas cells depicting the character R in FIG. 2 are converted to double gas cells which depict the character R in FIG. 3. The light intensity of the character R in FIG. 3 is be desirable to increase the resolution with gas cells along the vertical axis in some instances, and this is described next. I

Referring to FIGS. 5 and 6, the character R may be shifted onto the face of a gas panel from the bottom thereof. Character information is inserted at the bottom of the panel and shifted vertically to the desired destination. For purposes of this illustration the panel in FIG. 1 may be rotated thereby placing the character generator 90 across the lower edge of the gas container '10. Information inserted as explained before and is shifted vertically to the desired location using single ignited gas cells to depict characters as illustrated in FIG. 5 with the letter R. This is done using the shift mode of operation. When the character reaches its des tination, the shift mode is terminated, and the sustain mode is initiated. P2 and P3 pulses then are employed to ignite a pair of gas cells in the vertical direction as illustrated with the letter R in FIG. 6. Thus it is seen how the light intensity of a displayed character may be increased by using ignited gas cells disposed along the vertical axis.

If it is desirable to increase the light intensity of a character. further, this may be done by shifting the character R in FIG. 6 to the right as illustrated in FIG. 7. Each pair ofcells disposed vertically in FIG. 6v are employed during the shift to ignite an additional pair of vertical cells as shown in FIG. 7 thereby again doubling the number of ignited cells and increasing the light intensity accordingly. The character R in FIG. 6 may be shifted to the left in order to obtain the same result. The character R in FIG. 3 may be shifted vertically, either up or down, to double the number of ignited gas cells thereby to obtain the light intensity of the charac- -ter R in FIG. 7.

It is pointed out that the circuits in FIG. 1 can be used to obtain the light intensity for the character R shown in FIGS. 3 and 6. Since such circuits cannot shift along both the vertical and the horizontal axes, the light intensity shown in FIG. 7 cannot be obtained by the arrangement in FIG. 1. However, said co-pending application Ser. No. 262,367 referred to above shows an arrangement in FIG. 4 therein which permit horizontal and vertical shifting selectively. Such arrangement, if modified according to the principles of this invention, can provide characters of the type shown in FIG. 7. Any other gas panel which provides for shifting characters horizontally and vertically on a selective basis can display character of the type shown in FIG. 7.

While the invention has been particularly shown and described with reference to preferred embodiments thereof, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that various changes in form and details may be made therein without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention.

What is claimed is:

1. A gas panel for storing, displaying and selectively shifting information from one place therein to another comprising:

an envelope filled with an illuminable gas,

a plurality of vertical conductors disposed in parallel on one side of said envelope, a plurality of horizontal conductors disposed in parallel on the opposite side of said envelope orthogonally to the vertical conductors, the illuminable gas in the vicinity of coordinate intersections of the vertical and horizontal conductors defining gas cells,

for selectively writing in said envelope binary information by ingiting or not igniting the illuminable gas cells to represent binary ones and zeros, shift circuits coupled to said vertical'conductors for selectively shifting binary information from one gas cell to another along the horizontal conductors, and

sustain circuit means coupled to the shift circuits for selectively modifying the function of said shift circuits to terminate shifting and also to ignite twice as many gas cells as ignited by the write circuits thereby to increase the intensity of the displayed information.

for selectively writing in gas cells of said envelope X binary bits by igniting or not igniting the illuminable gas of each cell to represent binary ones and zeros,

shift circuits coupled to said vertical conductors for selectively shifting from one gas cell to another along the horizontal conductors said X binary bits, and

sustain circuit means coupled to the shift circuits for selectively modifying the function of said shift circuits to terminate shifting and also to operate gas cells in said envelope to store 2X binary bits which thereby increases the intensity of the displayed information by igniting twice as many gas cells as ignited by the write circuits.

3. A gas panel for storing, displaying and selectively shifting information from one place therein to another comprising:

an envelope filled with an illuminable gas,

a plurality of vertical conductors disposed in parallel on one side of said envelope, a plurality of horizontal conductors disposed in parallel on the opposite side of said envelope orthogonally to the vertical conductors, the illuminable gas in the vicinity of coordinate intersections of the vertical and horizontal conductors defining gas cells,

write circuits coupled to said vertical conductors for selectively writing in said envelope binary information by igniting or not igniting the illuminable gas cells to represent binary ones and zeros,

shift circuits coupled to said horizontal conductors for selectively shifting binary information from one gas cell to another along the vertical conductors, and

sustain circuit means coupled to the shift circuits for selectively modifying the function of said shift circuits to terminate shifting and also to ignite twice as many gas cells as ignited by the write circuits thereby to increase the intensity of the displayed information.

4. A gas panel for storing, displaying and selectively write circuits coupled to said horizontal conductors 5 shifting information'from one place therein to another comprising:

an envelope filled with an illuminable gas,

a plurality of vertical conductors disposed in parallel on one side of said envelope, a plurality of horizontal conductorsdisposed in parallel on the opposite side of said envelope orthogonally to the vertical conductors, the illuminable gas in the vicinity of coordinate intersections of the vertical and horizontal conductors defining gas cells,

write circuits coupled to said vertical conductors for selectively writing in gas cells of said envelope X binary bits by igniting or not igniting the illuminable gas of each cell to represent binary ones and zeros,

shift circuits coupled to said horizontal conductors for selectively shifting from one gas cell to another along the vertical conductors said X binary bits, and

sustain circuit means coupled to the shift circuits for selectively modifying the function of said shift circuits to terminate shifting and also to operate gas cells in said envelope to store 2X binary bits which thereby increases the intensity of the displayed information by igniting twice as many gas cells as ignited by the write circuits.

5. A gas panel for storing, displaying, and selectively shifting information from one place therein to another comprising:

an envelope filled with an illuminable gas,

a plurality of N vertical conductors disposed in parallel on one side of said envelope, wherein N is any integer which is a multiple of three, a plurality of W horizontal conductors disposed in parallel on the opposite side of said envelope, where W is any integer which is a multiple of three, the illuminable gas in the vicinity of the coordinate intersections of the vertical and horizontal conductors defining gas cells.

first signal means coupled to a given portion of said envelope for selectively writing therein binary information by igniting or not igniting the illuminable gas cells to represent binary ones and zeros.

second signal means for supplying a sequence of disthird signal means for supplying a sequence of discrete signals R1, R2 and R3 for shifting information vertically, means connecting the R1 signals to the horizontal conductors l, 4, 7 W-l, means connecting the R2 signals to the horizontal conductors 2, 5, 8 W-l and means connecting the R3 signals to the horizontal conductors 3, 6, 9 W, whereby each, set of three successive horizontal lines is energized seriatim by the signals R1, R2 and R3 in the direction of the vertical shift of binary information,

fourth signal means for supplying a train of normalized signals, means coupling the train of normal ized signals to each horizontal conductor on which new information is written and shifted horizontally, said train of normalized signals being composed of discrete signals which occur in time between each of the pulses P1, P2 and P3.

said second signal means including additional means for inhibiting P1 signals and simultaneously continuing to supply P2 and P3 signals on the associ ated vertical conductors to sustain ignited gas cells and for terminating horizontal shifting of binary information, and

said third means including further means for inhibiting R1 signals and simultaneously continuing to supply R2 and R3 signals to the associated horizontal conductors to sustain ignited gas cells and for terminating vertical shifting of binary information.

6. A gas panel for storing, displaying, and selectively shifting information form one place therein to another comprising:

an envelope filled with an illuminable gas,

a plurality of N vertical conductors disposed in parallel on one side of said envelope, where N is any integer which is a multiple of three, a plurality of W horizontal conductors disposed in parallel on the opposite side of said envelope, where W is any integer which is a multiple of three, the illuminable gas in the vicinity of the coordinate intersections of the vertical and horizontal conductors defining gas cells,

first signal means coupled to a given portion of said envelope for selectively writing therein X binary bits by igniting or not igniting the illuminable gas to represent binary ones and zeros,

second signal means coupled to said vertical conductors for shifting binary information selectively from one gas cell to another along said horizontal conductors,

third signal means coupled to the horizontal conductors for shifting binary information selectively from one gas cell to another along said vertical conductors, and

fourth means coupled to the second signal means and the third signal means for modifying the function of the second signal means and the third signal means whereby shifting is terminated and 2X binary bits of said envelope are operated thereby to increase the illumination of the displayed information.

7. A gas panel for storing, displaying, and selectively shifting information from one place therein to another comprising:

an envelope filled with an illuminable gas,

a plurality of N vertical conductors disposed in parallel on one side of said envelope, where N is any integer which is a multiple of three, a plurality of W horizontal conductors disposed in parallel on the opposite side of said envelope, where W is any integer which is a multiple of three, the illuminable gas in the vicinity of the coordinate intersections of the vertical and horizontal conductors defining gas cells,

first signal means coupled to a given portion of said envelope for selectively writing therein X binary 10 bits by igniting or not igniting the illuminable gas to represent binary ones and zeros, and

second signal means coupled to said horizontal conductors for shifting binary information selectively from one gas cell to another along said vertical conductors,

third signal means coupled to the vertical conductors for shifting binary information selectively from one gas cell to another along said horizontal conductors, and fourth means coupled to the second signal means and the third signal means for modifying the function of the second signal means and the third signal means whereby shifting is terminated and 2X binary bits of said envelope are operated thereby to increase the illumination of the displayed information. 8. A gas panel for storing, displaying and selectively shifting information from one place therein to another comprising:

an envelope filled with an illuminable gas, a plurality of N vertical conductors disposed in parallel on one side of said envelope, where N is any integer which is a multiple of three, a plurality of W horizontal conductors disposed in parallel on the opposite side of said envelope, where W is any integer which is a multiple of three, the illuminable gas in the vicinity of the coordinate intersections of the vertical and horizontal conductors defining WN gas cells,

writing means coupled to a given portion of said envelope for selectively writing therein X binary bits by igniting or not igniting the illuminable gas cells to represent binary ones and zeros, shift means coupled to the vertical conductors for supplying a repetitive sequence of signals P1, P2 and F3 for shifting said X binary bits horizontally, means connecting the Pl signals to the vertical conductors l, 4, 7 N-2, means connecting the P2 signals to the vertical conductors 2, 5, 8 N- l and means connecting the P3 signals to the vertical conductors 3, 6, 9 N, whereby each set of three vertical conductors is energized seriatim by the successive signals P1, P2 and P3 in the direction of the horizontal shift of binary information, and

said shift means including additional circuits which inhibit Pl signals but continue to supply P2 and P3 signals to associated vertical conductors thereby to operate 2X binary bits in said envelope and terminate horizontal shifting. 9. A gas panel for storing, displaying and selectively shifting information from one place therein to another comprising:

an envelope filled with an illuminable gas, a plurality of N vertical conductors disposed in parallel on one side of said envelope, where N is any integer which is a multiple of three, a plurality of W horizontal conductors disposed in parallel on the opposite side of said envelope, where W is any integer which is a multiple of three, the illuminable gas in the vicinity of the coordinate intersections of the vertical and horizontal conductors defining WN gas cells,

writing means coupled to a given portion of said envelope for selectively writing therein X binary bits by igniting or not igniting the illuminable gas cells to represent binary ones and zeros,

shift means coupled to the horizontal conductors for supplying a repetitive sequence of signals P1, P2 and P3 for shifting said X binary vits vertically,

means connecting the P1 signals to the horizontal conductors l, 4, 7 N-2, means connecting the P2 signals to the horizontal conductors 2, 5, 8 N-l, and means connecting the P3 signals to the horizontal conductors 3, 6, 9 N, whereby each set of three horizontal conductors is energized seriatim by the successive signals P1, P2 and P3 in the direction of the vertical shift of binary information,

minate vertical shifting.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3683364 *Jan 18, 1971Aug 8, 1972Burroughs CorpDisplay panel wherein each scanning cell is associated with a plurality of display cells
US3775764 *Oct 2, 1972Nov 27, 1973NcrMulti-line plasma shift register display
US3792465 *Dec 30, 1971Feb 12, 1974Texas Instruments IncCharge transfer solid state display
US3795908 *Jun 13, 1972Mar 5, 1974IbmGas panel with multi-directional shifting arrangement
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4027197 *Oct 8, 1975May 31, 1977Ncr CorporationVariable bar display tube using insulated electrodes
US4051409 *Jan 13, 1976Sep 27, 1977Ncr CorporationLoad and hold system for plasma charge transfer devices
US4063231 *Oct 26, 1976Dec 13, 1977Modern Controls, Inc.Visual display apparatus
US4080597 *Jul 16, 1976Mar 21, 1978Modern Controls, Inc.Gas display panel having planar conductors
US4114069 *Feb 11, 1977Sep 12, 1978Fujitsu LimitedMethod and apparatus for driving a gas-discharge display panel
US4336535 *Apr 16, 1980Jun 22, 1982Ncr CorporationCursor for plasma shift register display
US5063462 *Dec 5, 1989Nov 5, 1991Canon Kabushiki KaishaLED array and partitive driving method therefor using overlapping activation periods
Classifications
U.S. Classification345/61, 345/63
International ClassificationH01J17/49, G09G3/29
Cooperative ClassificationH01J17/495, G09G3/29
European ClassificationG09G3/29, H01J17/49D2D