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Publication numberUS3912639 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 14, 1975
Filing dateJul 5, 1973
Priority dateJul 5, 1973
Publication numberUS 3912639 A, US 3912639A, US-A-3912639, US3912639 A, US3912639A
InventorsJohn H Adams
Original AssigneeChevron Res
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Lubricant containing alkali metal borates and phosphates
US 3912639 A
An extreme pressure lubricating composition having excellent water tolerance properties comprises (A) an oil of lubricating viscosity, (B) an alkali metal borate, (C) a trialkali metal phosphate, and (D) a lipophilic dispersant.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent 191 Adams LUBRICANT CONTAINING ALKALI METAL BORATES AND PHOSPHATES [75] Inventor: John H. Adams, San Rafael, Calif.

[73] Assignee: Chevron Research Company, San

Francisco, Calif.

[22] Filed: July 5, 1973 [21] Appl. No.: 376,831

[56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,664,399 12/1953 Kluender ..252/18 2,732,345 1/1956 Kroenig et a1. 252/33.4 2,964,475 12/1960 Morway 252/18 2,987,476 6/1961 Hartley et a1. 252/18 1 Oct. 14, 1975 2,990,610 7/1961 Luckerath et a1. 252/25 X 3,125,519 3/1964 Graue t a1. 252/25 X 3,186,945 6/1965 Graue et a1. 252/25 3,313,727 4/1967 Peelei'u u 252/33.4 X 3,313,728 4/1967 Glasson et a1. 252/25 3,313,729 4/1967 Glasson et a1. 252/18 3,565,802 2/1971 West et a1 252/25 FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 563,728 9/1958 Canada 252/18 Primary Examiner-Delbert E. Gantz Assistant Examiner-Andrew H. Metz Attorney, Agent, or Firm-G. F. Magdeburger; C. J. Tonkin [57] ABSTRACT An extreme pressure lubricating composition having excellent water tolerance properties comprises (A) an oil of lubricating viscosity, (B) an alkali metal borate, (C) a trialkali metal phosphate, and (D) a lipophilic dispersant.

3 Claims, No Drawings LUBRICANT CONTAINING ALKALI METAL BORATES AND PHOSPHATES BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention This invention concerns extreme pressure (EP) lubricants.

High load conditions often occur in gear sets such as those used in automotive transmissions, differentials, pneumatic tools, gas compressors, centrifuges, high pressure hydraulic systems, metal working and similar devices as well as in many types of bearings. Lubricants containing extreme pressure agents are used in these types of services in order to minimize wear. For the most part, EP agents have been organic or metalloorganic compounds which are oil soluble or easily incorporated as a stable dispersion in oil. Most of the prior art EP agents are chemically reactive: they contain chlorine, sulfur, or phosphorus. They provide a protective coating by reacting with the metal surfaces of the gears or bearings at the high temperatures produced under extreme pressure loading.

Recently, Peeler, U.S. Pat. No. 3,313,727, disclosed an EP lubricant produced by dispersing an hydrated alkali metal borate in a nonpolar lubricating oil. The borate, water, and an emulsifier were introduced into the nonpolar medium. The mixture was then agitated to disperse the aqueous solution in the oil and heated to dehydrate the alkali metal borate. Peeler also disclosed that conventional additives such as rust inhibitors, detergents, foam inhibitors, etc., could be present in the finished lubricating composition containing the borate.

The borate-containing oils described by Peeler have, however, a very serious deficiency in service. If the lubricant comes into contact with water, the borate crystallizes out of oil and forms hard granules. These granules cause severe noise in the lubricated system and can severely damage the gears or bearings themselves. Further, borate lost by crystallization decreases the EP function of the lubricant.

2. Description of the Prior Art The Peeler patent is described above. US. Pat. No. 2,987,476 describes dispersing an inorganic boric acid compound in a substantially nonpolar organic liquid by mixing an organic liquid, a lyophilic surface active agent, a water-miscible organic liquid, and an organic ester of boric acid. A metal base is then added to the mixture to hydrolyze the organic ester. The watermiscible liquid (which may be a monohydric alcohol) is removed after formation of the dispersed inorganic boric acid compound. US. Pat. Nos. 2,753,305 and 3,338,835 describe aqueous solutions containing polyhydric alcohols and metal borates. US. Pat. Nos. 2,780,597 and 3,000,819 describe lubricants containing minor amounts of inorganic phosphates. US. Pat. No. 3,313,729 discloses a soap base lubricant containing an alkali metal pyrophosphate and tetraborate. Gear lubrication is discussed in Guthrie, Petroleum Products Handbook, first Ed., McGraw-Hill Book Co. 1960), pp. 9-47 through 9-49, and in Boner, Gear and Transmission Lubricants, Reinhold Publ. Corp. (1964).

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION I have now invented a novel lubricant composition borate, (C) a trialkali metal phosphate, and (D) a lipophilic dispersant.

These compositions are highly stable EP lubricants.

They perform well in the EP tests, such as the 4-Ball DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION The compositions of this invention are lubricants having excellent extreme pressure and water tolerance properties comprising (A) amphorus particles of less than 1 micron in size of l a hydrated alkali metal borate and (2) a trialkali metal phosphate, (B) a lipophilic dispersant and (C) a nonpolar oil of lubricating viscosity.

The Hydrated Borate I The hydrated borates of this lubricant composition are hydrated alkali metal borates of the formula:

wherein .r represents a number of from 0.25- 3, y represents a number up to 5, usually from 0.5 to'4.5, prefera bly 1.5 to 2.5, and M represents one or a mixture of alkali metals, usually potassium or sodium. Preferably x will represent a number of from 0.5 to 2 and y will represent a number of 4 times .x. Where only a single alkali metal is present, the compounds of Formula I will in-. clude sodium metaborate, sodium biborate, sodium tetraborate, potassium metaborate, potassium biborate, potassium tetraborate, and similar materials.

Where M represents two or more alkali metals, the formula above in fact signifies a mixture of alkali metal borates. These mixtures can be represented by the fol lowing formula:

wherein n represents a number of from 0.1 to 2.5, m represents a number from 0.1 to 2.5, and z represents a number of from O to I, such that the sum of n, m, and z represents a number of from 0.25 to 3, M represents an alkali metal other than sodium or potassium, such as lithium, rubidium, cesium, and the like, and y is as defined above. It is preferred that z represents 0; i.e., that the mixture of alkali metal borates contain only sodium and potassium as the alkali metal components.

Formulae I and II are meant to be empirical and not structural. The exact structure in which the borates exist in the composition is unknown and varies with different amounts of water of hydration, the presence of different alkali metals and the ratio of the alkali metals to the boron. Throughout'the specification and the.

The borate is dispersed as particles throughout the lubricating oil by means of an emulsifying agent or dispersant as described below. The borate particles are glass-like-and are essentially entirely jall lessthan 1 micron in diameter -andforthe most part less than onehalf micron in diameter. Y

' TheA lkalilMetal Phosphate I The-compositions of this invention also contain an alkali metal phosphate of the formula:


wherein M represents one or more alkali metals, preferably sodium or potassium. Where M represents more than one alkali metal, the total number of the various alkali metalcations will be 3. I 7

As with the b orate above, the formula given for the phosphate is empirical only; it is not intended torepresent the actual structure. I I v Like the borate, the phosphate is dispersed as particles throughout the lubricating oil medium by means of anemulsifying agent or dispersant as described below.

The Borate-to-Phosphate Ratio The borateQto-phosphate molar ratio can be any ratio which provides the desired extreme pressure and additive compatibility properties. Suitably the borate-tophosphate ratio can range from 99-1 to 3070. Preferably, the borate-to-phosphate ratio will range from abo'u fqq- 'o 16 about 50 50.'

TheConcentration of the Borate and Phosphate The concentration of the borates and phosphates in the lubricating oil can vary widely, the choice being based primarily 'upon achieving'the desired result of extremepressure lubrication and water tolerance. ln finishedlubricating oils intended for use without further dilution, the'co'rnbination of the borate and phosphate can vary from as little as l weight or less up to weight'or mote of the finished lubricating oil'compositionfPrefe'rably, the combined borate-phosphate total is fromabout 3 to about 7% weight'of the lubricating oil composition, and more preferably, the combined total of the borate and phosphate is from about 46%' of the total lubricating oil composition.

The Dispersant, Mixture the presence of water without crystallization of the borate and/or phosphate. 7

These preferred dispersant mixtures contain two components: a lipophilic anionic surface-active agent (dispersant) and a lipophilic nonionic surface-active agent (dispersant). (The-expression lipophilic as employed herein -is'"'*synonymous with hydrophobic, which means a compound having 'a greater affinityfor fats, oil and the like than'water and'vvhich'isreadily soluble in organic'liquidshaving electric: dipole moments of 0.5 Debyeunit or less.) The concentrationsof the anionic dispersant and the nonionic dispersant in the mixture will be in the rangeof 65-90 weight percent anionic dispersant and l035 weight percent nonionic dispersant. Preferably, there will be -80 weight percent anionic dispersant and 20-30 weight percent nonionic dispersant.

The Anionic Dispersant The lipophilic anionic surface-active agents are Group I and .Group I] metal-containing dispersants. These materials are well known in the art. The dispersants are salts of Group I and Group ll metals in which the anionic portion of the salt contains an oilsolubilizing group. They can be used alone or as mixtures. 1 The oil-solubilizing group generally has at least 9 and usually 12-18 or more carbon atoms, preferably from about 12 to 200 carbon atoms. The oil-solubilizing groups are usually, but not necessarily, hydrocarbyl groups. Hydrocarbyl groups are organic radicals composed of carbon and hydrogen except for minor, sometimes adventitious, amounts of other elements, such as oxygen, chlorine, etc. The term denotes an aliphatic or aromatic radical, or a radical which is a combination thereof, e.g., aralkyl. Preferably, the hydrocarbyl group is relatively free of aliphatic unsaturation, i.e., ethyleneic and acetylenic, particularly acetylenic. When the hydrocarbyl groups are of low molecular weight, the average number of hydrocarbyl substituents per dispersant molecule may be greater than 1. The hydrocarbyl groups are preferably aliphatic, having preferably from 0-2 sites of ethylenic saturation and most preferably O-l site. Hydrocarbyl groups derived from a polyolefin, itself derived from olefins (normally 1- olefins) having from 2-6 carbon atoms (ethylene being copolymerized with an olefin of at least 3 carbon atoms), or from a high molecular weight petroleumderived hydrocarbon, are preferred, and of these, polysalts, are known as sulfonates, phenates, and carboxylates, respectively. I

The terms sulfonates is intended to encompass the salts of sulfonic acids derived from petroleum products. Such acids are well known in the art. They can be obtained by treating petroleum products with sulfuric acid or sulfur trioxide. The acids thus obtained are known as petroleum sulfonic acids and the salts as petroleum sulfonates. Most of the compounds in the petroleum product which become sulfonated contain an oil-solubilizing group as discussed above. Also included within the meaning of sulfonates are the salts of sulfonic acids of synthetic alkylaryl compounds. These acids also are prepared by treating an alkylaryl compound with sulfuric acid or sulfur trioxide. At least one alkyl substituent of the aryl ring is an oil-solubilizing group as discussed above. The acids thus obtained are known as alkylaryl sulfonic acids and the salts as alkylaryl sulfonates. The sulfonates wherein the alkyl is straight-chain are the well-known linear alkyl sulfonates (LAS).

The acids obtained by sulfonation areconverted to the metal salts by neutralizing with a basic reacting alkali or alkaline earth metal compound to yield the Group I or Group 11 metal sulfonates. Generally, the acids are neutralized with an alkali metal base. Alkaline earth metal salts are obtained from the alkali metal salt by metathesis. Alternatively, the sulfonic acid can be neutralized directly with an alkaline earth metal base.

The sulfonates can then be overbased although for purposes of this invention, overbasing is not necessary. Overbased materials and methods of preparing such materials are well known to those skilled in the art. See, for example, LeSuer, US. Pat. No. 3,496,105, issued Feb. 17, 1970, particularly at cols. 3 and 4.

The term carboxylates encompasses the salts of carboxylic acids. Acids which are useful in the instant invention generally contain at least 12 and generally 15 or more carbon atoms, part of which are contained in the oil-solubilizing group discussed above for the sulfonates. Examples include palmitic, stearic, myristic, oleic, linoleic, etc., acids. Other carboxylic acids include the cyclic acids. Among these are acids containing an aryl group, i.e., benzene, naphthalene, etc., substituted with an oil-solubilizing radical or radicals having a total of at least 15-18 carbon atoms or more, e.g., alkyl benzoic acid, alkyl naphthoic acid, alkyl salicylic acid, etc. Preferred are the cyclic acids which contain a cycloali phatic group substituted with an oil-solubilizing group. Examples of such acids are dilaurel decahydro naphthalene carboxylic acid, the petroleum naphthenic acids, e.g., alkyl cyclohexane carboxylic acid, etc. The petroleum naphthenic acids are preferred. The salts of this preferred class of cycloaliphatic acids are commonly known as naphthenates.

The term phenates encompasses the salts of oilsoluble phenols. The phenols contain at least 12 and generally 18 or more carbon atoms, part of which is contained in the oil-solubilizing group discussed above for the sulfonates. These phenols can be obtained by alkylating phenol, e.g., reacting phenol with an olefin such as tetrapropylene. The alkylphenols can be further reacted such as by the Mannich reaction with formaldehyde and an amine, preferably a monoamine to yield higher molecular weight complex compounds. A wide variety of such phenols are available and well known.

The sulfonates, phenates, and carboxylates are present in the lubricating oil composition in the form of their Group 1 and Group 11 metal salts. Group I metals include lithium, sodium, and potassium. Group 11 metals include strontium, magnesium, calcium and barium, of which the latter three are preferred.

The Nonionic Dispersant The lipophilic nonionic surface-active agents include those generally referred to as ashless detergents. Preferably, the nonionic surfactants have a HLB factor (hydrophilic-lipophilic balance) below about 7 and preferably below about 5. These ashless detergents are well known and include hydrocarbyl-substituted amines, amides and cyclo-imides. The hydrocarbyl group or groups act as the oil-solubilizing group as discussed above.

The hydrocarbyl-substituted amines are derived from ammonia, monoamines, and polyamines. An example of amines include ethylamine, butylamine, piperazine, diethylene triamine, trimethylene diamine, di (trimethylene) triamine, dipropylene triamine, tripropylene tetramine, triethylene tetramine, tetraethylene pentamine, pentaethylene hexamine, etc. These amines en compass alkyl-substituted amines, e.g., N-methyl ethylene diamine, N, N-dimethyl ethylene diamine, N,N- diamethyl propylene diamine, N-hydroxy-ethyl ethylene diamine, etc. Amines having up to about 12 amino nitrogens are especially preferred. The hydrocarbylsubstituted amines are prepared, in general, by reaction of a halogen-substituted hydrocarbon with the amine. Details of such preparations and further descriptions of some of these hydrocarbyl-substituted amines can be found in Honnen and Anderson, US. Pat. Nos. 3,565,804 and 3,438,757.

The hydrocarbyl-substituted amides and cyclic imides are derived from the reaction of hydrocarbylsubstituted carboxylic acids, anhydrides, acid chlorides, etc., with certain of the amines described above. A preferred dispersant is the reaction product of hydrocarbyl-substituted succinic acid or anhydride with amines containing at least one primary or secondary amino nitrogen. The polyalkylene polyamines fulfill this requirement as do the substituted polyalkylene polyamines and, for that matter, ammonia.

The alkylene polyamines have the formula:

wherein k is an integer of from 1 to 10, preferably 1 to 6, A and R each represent hydrogen or a substantially hydrocarbon radical and Alk represents an alkylene radical having less than 8 carbon atoms.

Of the compounds represented by Formula IV, the ethylene amines are especially useful. Particularly useful are those ethylene amines of Formula [V wherein A and R represent hydrogen, Alk represents ethylene and k represents an integer of from 3 to 5. The ethylene amines are described in some detail under the heading Ethylene Amines in Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology, Kirk-Othmer, Interscience Publishers, New York, Vol. 5 (1950), pp. 898-905.

An important class of the hydrocarbyl-substituted cyclic imides are the N-substituted alkyl succinimides derived from alkyl succinic acid or anhydride and the alkylene polyamines described above. These compounds are generally considered to have the formula:

ca e ll wherein R is a hydrocarbon radical having a molecular weight from about 400 to about 3,000 (that is, it contains about 30 to about 200 carbon atoms), Alk is alkylene radical of from 2 to 10, preferably 2 to 6 carbon atoms, and most preferably 2 to 3 carbon atoms, A is as described above and j is a number of from to 9, preferably 0 to 5, and more preferably 2 to 3. The reaction product of the alkyl succinic acid or anhydride and the alkylene polyamine will be a mixture of compounds, including succinamic acids and succinimides. However, it is customary to designate this reaction product as a succinimide corresponding to Formula V, since that is the principal component of the reaction mixture. The preparation and a more detailed discussion of succinimides is found in U.S. Pat. Nos. 3,202,678; 3,024,237; and 3,172,892.

These N-substituted alkyl succinimides can be prepared by reacting maleic anhydride with an olefinic hydrocarbon. The resulting alkyl succinic anhydride is reacted with the alkylene polyamine.

The radical R of the above formula is derived from an olefin containing from 2 to carbon atoms by polymerization to form a hydrocarbon having a molecular weight ranging from about 400 to about 3,000. Suitable olefins include ethylene, propylene, l-butene, 2- butene, isobutene and mixtures thereof. The methods of polymerizing the olefins are well known to those skilled in the art.

The bis-succinimides also find use in this invention. The bis-succinimides are prepared by reacting hydrocarbyl substituted succinic acids or anhydrides with an amine containing at least two primary and/or secondary nitrogens. About two moles of the acid or anhydride are used per. mole of amine. Exemplary bissuccinimides include the polyisobutenyl bissuccinimides of ethylene diamine, diethylene triamine, triethylene tetramine, tetraethylene pentamine, N- methyl dipropylene triamine, etc. See for example Benoit, U.S. Pat. No. 3,438,899.

Another group of nonionic dispersants are the pentaerythritol derivatives. Particular derivatives which find use in this invention include those in which pentaerythritol is combined with a polyolefin and maleic anhydride or with a polyolefin and a phosphorus sulfide. The polyolefins are the polymers of monomeric olefins having 2-6 carbon atoms, such as polyethylene, polypropylene, polybutene, polyisobutylene, and the like. Suchh olefins generally contain a total of -250 carbon atoms and preferably 30-150 carbon atoms. The phosphorus sulfides include P 8 P 5 P S P S and related materials. Of these, P S (phosphorus pentasulfide) is preferred principally because of its availability.

Other nonionic emulsifiers which may be used include polymethacrylates and copolymers of polymethacrylate or polyacrylate with vinyl pyrolidone, acrylamide or methacrylamide.

The dispersants or mixtures thereof of the lipophilic surface-active agents will generally be present in from 0.25-5 weight percent, more usually from about 0.5-3 weight percent of the total composition. The amount of dispersant required will vary with the particular mixture used and the total amount of borate in the oil. Generally about 0.05 to about 0.5, more usually about 0.1 to 0.3 part by weight of the dispersant or mixtures thereof will be used per part by weight of the borate. In concentrates, the concentration of the dispersant or mixtures thereof will be based on the quantity of borate contained in the concentrate rather than as a fixed percentage of the concentrate. Generally, the upper ranges of the dispersant concentration will be used with the upper ranges of the borate and the phosphate concentration.

The Lubricating Oil Medium The nonpolar lubricating oil can be any fluid of lubricating viscosity which is inert under the conditions necessary to disperse the borate and the phosphate in the fluid. Particularly, the oil should be nonsaponifiable. Fluids of lubricating viscosity generally have viscosities from 35 to 50,000 Saybolt Universal Seconds (SUS) at 100F. The fluid can be derived from either natural or synthetic sources. Included among the natural hydrocarbonaceous oils are paraffin-base, naphthenic-base, or mixed base oils. Synthetic oils include polymers of various olefins, generally of from 2 to 6 carbon atoms, alkylated aromatic hydrocarbons, etc. Nonhydrocarbon oils include polyalkylene oxides, e. g., polyethylene oxide, aromatic ethers, silicones, etc. The preferred media are the hydrocarbonaceous media, both natural and synthetic. Preferred are those hydrocarbonaceous oils having SAE viscosity numbers of 5 to 250W (see Guthries, pp. 9-13) and particularly preferred are those having SAE viscosity numbers in the range of -250.

Preparation of the Lubricating Composition The novel compositions of this invention are prepared by dehydrating a water-in-oil dispersion of an aqueous solution of the alkali metal borate and alkali metal phosphate to provide a dispersion of the hydrated alkali metal borate and alkali metal phosphate in the oil medium.

One method of preparation is to add an aqueous solution of the alkali metal borate and alkali metal phosphate to the oil containing the dispersant or dispersants. The mixture is vigorously agitated to provide the water-in-oil dispersion followed by heating at a temperature and for a time which provides the desired degree of dehydration of the alkali metal borate.

Alternatively, an aqueous solution of one or more alkali metal hydroxides, a second solution of boric acid, and a third solution of phosphoric acid are added together with agitation and then added, with agitation, to the oil medium containing the dispersants. After dispersion of the water in the oil, the mixture is heated to the desired degree of dehydration.

The temperature to which the dispersion is heated will generally be at least 250F, more usually at least between 275F and 235F. Temperatures of up to 450F may be used, although it is preferred that the temperature not exceed 350F. Lower temperatures may be used at reduced pressures. Generally, the process is carried out at atmospheric pressure and at temperatures in the preferred range described above.

The period of heating will depend upon the degree of dehydration desired, the amount of water present and the temperature at which dehydration is carried out. Time is not a critical factor and will be determined for the most part by the variables mentioned.

The water initially present will be sufficient to dis solve the inorganic salts and excess should be avoided as it will prolong dehydration. Generally, from about 0.25 to about 4 and usually about 0.5 to about 1.5 parts by weight of water will be used per part by weight of the combined total of the borate and phosphate compounds.

Other Additives Other materials may also be present in the lubricating 9 compositions of this invention. Such materials may be added to enhance some of the' properties which are im parted to the lubricating medium by the alkali metal borate/alkali metal phosphate combination or to provide other desirable properties "to the lubricating medium. These include additives such 'as rust inhibitors,-

antioxidants, oiliness agents, film inhibitors; viscosity index improvers, pour point depressants, etc; Usually,

these will be in the range of from about -0. 1, to percent weight and preferably in the range of about 0.1-2

percent weight of the total compositiomA particular.

EXAMPLE I This example demonstrates the EP properties of lubricating compositions containing borates and phosphates. Test compositions are prepared as follows: The inorganic salts are dissolved in sufficient water to effect a complete solution. This solution is then added to a neutral, solvent-refined lubricating oil having a viscosity of 126 SUS at 100F containing one or more dispersants. The oil-water mixture is vigorously agitated in a blender until the aqueous solution is uniformly dispersed in the oil. This dispersion is then heated, while maintaining agitation, to cause dehydration. The dehydrated dispersion thus obtained is a concentrate. This concentrate is then blended with a SAE 90-grade lubricating oil to give various concentrations of the borate, phosphate, and dispersants.

The compositions so obtained are tested for EP properties in the well known, 4-Ball test. This test is described in Boner, Supra, pp. 222-224. In this test, three steel balls (one-half inch diameter) of the type commonly used in ball bearings are placed in a steel cup and clamped into position. A fourth ball of the same type is held rigidly on the end of a shaft which rotates about a vertical axis. The balls are immersed in the test lubricant and the fourth ball is forced against the other three under a measured load. The fourth ball is then rotated at a designated speed for a fixed period. At the end of this period the wear scar diameters on the three fixed balls are measured and averaged. The average scar size is reported as the result of the test. The smaller the wear scar, the better the EP characteristics of the lubricant. A satisfactory EP lubricant has a 4-Ball scar preferably not greater than 0.5 millimeters and more preferably not greater than 0.45 millimeters.

Unless otherwise indicated, the conditions for the 4- Ball wear test are as follows: The load on the test device is 50 kilograms, the fourth ball is rotated at 1730 rpm for 30 minutes, and the test lubricant is at room temperature at the beginning of the test.

For those compositions shown in Table I below dispersant A is a commercially available neutral calcium sulfonate made from a neutral, solvent-refined paraffinic-base oil having a viscosity of 480 SUS at 100F. It

contains 1.67% calcium. Dispersant B is a polyisobutenyl succinimide produced by the reaction of a succinic anhydride substituted with a polyisobutene radical having a number average molecular weight of 950 with tetra ethylenejpentaniinei. The mole ratio, of amine to anhydride is 0.87.

5- W P r SanL, 4-Ball Scar Diamete'r nim 5;. .3.3%NaBO No. A T B 5% w NaBO 117% w Na lq '1 1.00 0 EA-40" .59 2 .90 .10 ,34 0 i 3 .85 .15 .37 4 .75 1 .2 5 r .42 .37 5 .65 .35 ..41 i 6 .60 .40 .44

The results of Table I demonstrate that better EP properties are obtained with oils containing a mixture of borate and phosphate at most dispersant ratios when compared with compositions containing only the borate.

EXAMPLE II This example demonstrates that excellent EP properties are obtained with a mixture of borate and phosphate where only a single dispersant is used. The test compositions for this example were prepared following the procedure outlined in Example I.

The finished oil contained 2% of dispersant A in Example I and the total amount of borate and phosphate was 4.6 plus or minus 0.2% of the total composition.

TABLE II Relative Percent 4-BaIl Scar No. NaBO Na PO, Diameter, mm

EXAMPLE III This example demonstrates that good extreme pressure performance is obtained from a wide range of mixtures of borate and phosphate using a mixture of dispersants. The compositions were prepared following the general procedure outlined in Example I. The finished compositions contained the indicated amount of Dispersants A and B described in Example I. The total amount of borate and phosphate in the .oil is 5.3%.

TABLE III Relative Percent 4-Ball Scar Diameter, mm

0.75% A 1.5% A No. NaBO Na PQ, 0.25% B 0.5% B

l 100 0 .41 .36 2 82 18 .35 .33 3 35 .37 4 5O 5O .52 .36

l. A lubricating composition comprising l an oil of i lubricating viscosity, (2) an amount effective to impart agent selected from the group consisting of N- substituted alkenyl succinimides vof an alkylene poly- Y m J ,r

2. The composition of claim 1 wherein said mixture of dispersants comprises 0.25 to 5 Weight percent of said composition and said mixture of borate and phosphate comprises l to 20 percent of said composition.

3. The composition of claim 2 wherein said mixture of dispersants comprises 0.5 to 3 weight percent of said composition and said mixture of borate and phosphate comprises 3 to 7 weight percent of said composition.

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US4089790 *Nov 28, 1975May 16, 1978Chevron Research CompanySynergistic combinations of hydrated potassium borate, antiwear agents, and organic sulfide antioxidants
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