|Publication number||US3913633 A|
|Publication date||Oct 21, 1975|
|Filing date||Oct 21, 1974|
|Priority date||Oct 21, 1974|
|Publication number||US 3913633 A, US 3913633A, US-A-3913633, US3913633 A, US3913633A|
|Inventors||Trueman W Hiller|
|Original Assignee||Weil Mclain Company Inc|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (4), Referenced by (41), Classifications (11), Legal Events (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent 11 1 1111 3,913,633
Hiller Oct. 21, 1975 LIQUID DISPENSING AND VAPOR Primary Examiner-Robert B. Reeves RECOVERY SYSTEM Assistant Examiner-Joseph J l Rolla Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Lane, Aitken, Dunner &
 Inventor: Trueman W. Hiller, Bettendorf,
I 1ems owa  Assignee: 4 Weil-McLain Company, Inc., Dallas,  ABSTRACT Tex. A liquid dispensing and vapor recovery system in  Flled: 1974 which an underground storage tank is connected to a [211 App]. 516,738 first conduit for delivering a liquid, such as gasoline, to a vehicle gasoline tank, or the l1ke, under the force of a pump disposed inthe storage tank. A second con- U-S. CI. duit i onnected to the first conduit and to the stor- 55/459; 141/59; 222/318 age tank for diverting a portion of the gasoline in the  Int. Cl. B67D 5/04 fi t conduit back) the Storage tank hfl f i a Flgld of Search .4 3 8, reduced pressure onejn the econd conduit A recov- 290; ery vessel is connected to the vehicle tank for receiv- 22vO/85 VR, 85 VS; 55/184 459 ing the vapors from the latter tank and separating same into relatively heavy and relatively light portions.  References C'ted The heavy vapors are passed directly into the storage UNITED STATES PATENTS tank and the light vapors are drawn into the second 2,401,124 5/1946 Walker et al. 141/290 x Conduit and are Partially absorbed y the gasoline 3,763,901 10/1973 Viland 141/52 X flowing in the latter conduit before being passed into 3,815,327 6/1974 Viland 141/52 X the storage tank. 3,826,291 7/1974 Steffens 141/59 9 Claims, 2 Drawing Figures RECEPTACLE l 32 22 3 38 w J 359 3. 1 2, -41 L I z c? :4 42 /1\ M MG 1 6 4 I 11 l I40 midi I M 37 l I l4 x g 51 5 I mm Om N US. Patent Oct.21,1975 Sheet20f2 3,913,633
LIQUID DISPENSING AND VAPOR RECOVERY SYSTEM BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to a liquid dispensing and vapor recovery system and, more particularly, to such a system in which liquid is dispensed from a storage tank to a receptacle while vapors from the receptacle are drawn to the storage tank.
With the increased emphasis on preventing pollution of the atmosphere, attention has been directed to minimizing the introduction of gasoline vapors into the atmosphere from both permanent type underground storage tanks for the gasoline, and from the vehicles to which the gasoline is ultimately dispensed.
Gasoline vapors can easily be recovered from underground storage tanks by providing a separate vapor return line which connects the storage tank to the transport truck which periodically fills the tank. In this manner, the gasoline introduced into the tank from the transport truck will displace the vapors and force them through the vapor recovery line to the truck whereby they are ultimately disposed of either by burning or through compression refrigeration systems.
However, it has been extremely difficult to devise a satisfactory vapor recovery system from the gasoline tanks of vehicles due to the fact that the configurations of the tanks vary to a wide degree and to the fact that many of the tanks have open vents in their fill necks which allows the vapors to be displaced through the vents to the atmosphere during a fill cycle. This problem may become even more acute since some state and federal regulations may very well ultimately require full recovery of vapors from existing automobile gasoline tanks, whether vented or not.
Previous proposals to recover the gasoline vapors from automobile tanks have included what is commonly referred to as a balanced displacement system in which the gasoline entering the tank forces the vapors through a separate line to the storage tank. However, this system has been less than satisfactory, largely due to the difficulty in creating a proper seal between the gasoline dispensing and recovery nozzle and the automobile tank.
Although it has also been suggested to use a vacuum pump along with a compressor and chiller assembly to remove the vapors from the vehicle tanks, this type of installation has proved to be relatively expensive and therefore impractical.
In copending US. patent application Ser. No. 400,555, filed by Kirk Fowler and Elmer M. Deters on Sept. 25, 1973, and assigned to the same assignee of the present invention, a gasoline dispensing and vapor recovery system is disclosed which overcomes the abovementioned problems by providing an injector for establishing a reduced pressure zone in response to fluid flow from the storage tank to the vehicle receptacle, with the reduced pressure zone functioning to draw the vapors from the receptacle back to the tank. Although this design has proven to be satisfactory, the size limitation of the injector has imposed limitations on the capacity of the system, thereby preventing use of the system in relatively large installations.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION It is, therefore, an object of the present invention to provide a liquid dispensing and vapor recovery system in which liquid is dispensed from a storage tank to a receptacle while vapors in the receptacle are recovered and delivered back to the storage tank.
It is a further object of the present invention to provide a liquid dispensing and vapor recovery system of the above type in which an injector is used to create a vacuum in response to the dispensing of the liquid from the storage tank to the receptacle, and is utilized to draw the vapors from the receptacle back to the tank.
It is a further object of the present invention to provide a liquid dispensing and vapor recovery system of the above type which can be used in relatively large installations yet utilizes an injector of a relatively small size and capacity.
It is a more specific object of the present invention to provide a liquid dispensing and vapor recovery system of the above type in which a recovery vessel is provided in the line connecting the vehicle tank to the storage tank for receiving the vapors from the vehicle tank and separating them into relatively light portions which are fed to the injector, and relatively heavy portions which are fed directly to the storage tank, to thus enable an injector of a relatively small size and capacity to be utilized.
It is a further object of the present invention to provide a liquid dispensing and vapor recovery system of the above type which is relatively simple in operation and relatively low in cost.
Toward the fulfillment of these and other objects, the system of the present invention comprises storage means for the liquid, first conduit means adapted to connect said storage means to a receptacle, and pumping means for pumping said liquid from said storage means through said first conduit means and to said receptacle, wherein the improvement comprises second conduit means connected to said first conduit means and to said storage means for diverting a portion of said liquid in said first conduit means back to said storage means, and means for forming a reduced pressure zone in said second conduit means in response to liquid flow through said second'co'nduit means, a recovery vessel for receiving the vapors from said receptacle and separating said vapors intoa relatively light portion and a relatively heavy portion, and means connecting said vessel to said reduced pressure zone for drawing the relatively light vapors from said vessel through said second conduit means for passage into said storage means, said recovery vessel being directly connected to said storage means for directly passing said relatively heavy vapors into said storage means.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a partial schematic, partial elevational view of a service station installation having a gasoline dispensing and vapor recovery system of the present invention utilized therein; and
FIG. 2 is an enlarged, partial sectional, partial elevational view of a portion of the installation of FIG. 1.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT As an example of the use of the liquid dispensing and vapor recovery system of the present invention, it will be described in connection with a gasoline dispensing installation for use in service stations or the like. Such an installation is illustrated in FIG. 1 and includes an underground tank 10 for storing a quantity of gasoline which is delivered to one or more pedestals 12 through delivery lines 14 and 14a, under the force of a submersible pump unit 16 disposed in thetank.
A casing 18 is attached to the tank and extends upwardly therefrom to connect the tank to a discharge head, or manifold, 20 which is preferably disposed below ground level in a well 22.
The pedestals 12, the pump 16 and the manifold 20 are all described in detail in US. Pat. No. 3,183,723. Therefore, for the convenience of presentation, the structural details of these units are not shown in the drawings and will be described only generally as follows.
The pump unit 16 is an electrical operated centrifugal type which operates to draw the gasoline into the unit through a plurality of intake ports disposed at the bottom thereof, and to force the gasoline upwardly around a sealed electrical drive motor to the manifold 20, in a conventional manner.
The manifold 20 supports the upper portion of the pump unit 16 while permitting the electrical connections for the drive motor to be brought outwardly for connection to the proper controls. It is understood that an adapter unit, or packer, is supported within the manifold housing and has an inlet chamber communicating with the outlet of the pump unit and an outlet chamber adapted for registration with the line 14. The packer also includes a port between the inlet chamber and the outlet chamber which cooperates with a check valve to permit the flow of gasoline from the pump 16 to the line 14 while preventing flow in the opposite direction, also in a conventional manner.
An injector assembly is connected in the line 14 between the manifold 20 and the pedestals l2 and is better shown with reference to FIG. 2. In particular, the injector assembly 30 is preferably disposed below ground level in a well 32 and is connected to the line 14 by a by-pass conduit 34 which registers at one end with the line 14. As a result, upon flow occurring through the line 14, a portion of the gasoline is diverted through the conduit 34 and to the injector 30. A nozzle 35 and a venturi 36 are formed in the injector 30 in communication with the by-pass conduit 34 to form a reduced pressure zone at the throat portion of the venturi in a conventional manner. A conduit 37 registers with the outlet of the venturi 36 and extends into the tank 10 where it terminates near the floor thereof. A conduit 38 is connected to the injector 30 and communicates with the nozzle 35 and with the abovementioned reduced pressure zone. The other end of the conduit 38 is connected to an underground recovery vessel 40, to bedescribed later.
As shown in FIG. 1, the line 14 extends from the manifold 20 to the vicinity of each of the pedestals 12 whereby it is connected to same via branch lines 14a. In a similar manner, the recovery vessel 40 is connected to the pedestals 12 by means of a line 42 and branch lines 42a.
A hose assembly 44 extends from each of the pedestals 12 with each assembly including an inner hose surrounded by a spaced, coaxial, outer hose. As shown schematically in FIG. 1, the inner hose of each hose assembly 44 is connected to the gasoline delivery line'l4a and the annular space between the inner hose'and outer hose is connected to the vapor recovery line 42a within each respective pedestal 12. A dispensing unit 46 is connected to the free end of each hose assembly 44, it being understood that each unit 46 includes a dispensing nozzle connected to the inner hose of its respective hose assembly and a vapor recovery conduit connected to the annular space between the inner and outer hoses of each assembly. Also, each dispensing unit is operated by a manually operated valve 46a, in a conventional manner.
A support and switch assembly 48 is associated with each pedestal 12 and is adapted to support its respectivedispensing unit 46, with the switch operating to actuate the pump unit 16 upon release of the dispensing unit 46 therefrom in a conventional manner. Although not shown in the drawings, it is understood that the pedestals 12 can be provided with the proper linkage, interlock valves, meters, etc., in accordance with conventional designs.
As shown in FIG. 2, the recovery vessel 40 is disposed in the well 32 and is in the form of a cyclone separator having an inlet 52 connected to the vapor recovery line 42, a first outlet 54 extending below the well 32 and emptying directly into the storage tank 10, and a second outlet 56 connected to the line 38 extending to the injector 30. It is understood that the vessel 40 operates in a conventional manner to create a centrifugal action which causes the relatively heavy vapors entering the inlet 52 to fall to the bottom of the vessel and pass directly into the tank 10. Also, the relatively light vapors will tend to rise in the vessel and exit through the outlet 56 into the line 38 for passage into the injector 30. A plate 58 having a slot 60 formed therethrough is provided in the upper portion of the vessel 40 to create a high velocity draw through the vessel and thus promote the introduction of the vapors from the vehicle tank shown schematically in FIG. 1, through the line 42, and into the vessel.
A check valve 62 is provided in the line 14 to insure that gasoline flow will occur only in the direction indicated by the solid arrows in FIG. 2, while a check valve 64 is provided in the line 38 to insure that vapor flow through the latter line will occur only in the direction indicated by the dashed arrows in FIG. 2.
In operation, upon an operator releasing one of the dispensing units 46 from its support and switch assembly 48 on a pedestal 12, the pump unit 16 will be actuated to pump gasoline from the tank 10 through the manifold 20 and the line 14 to the pedestal 12. From the pedestal 12 the gasoline will pass through the inner hose of the delivery hose assembly 44 whereby, upon manual actuation of the valve 46a associated with the dispensing unit 46, it will be introduced into the gaso line tank of the vehicle.
A portion of the gasoline flowing through the line 14 will be diverted through the line 34 and will pass into the injector 30 where it passes through the nozzle 35 and the venturi 36 before passing into the line 37 and back to the tank 10. As a result, a reduced pressure zone will be formed in the injector 30 which is transferred, via the line 38, the recovery vessel 40, and the lines 42 and 42a, to the annular space between the inner and outer hoses of the delivery hose assembly 44.
This reduced pressure zone, plus the force of the gasoline as it displaces the vapors from the vehicle tank, will cause the vapors to pass from the tank into the space between the inner and outer hoses of the delivery hose assembly 44, through the lines 42a and 42, and into the vessel 40. In the vessel 40 the vapors will be subjected to a centrifugal action which causes the relatively heavy vapors to pass downwardly and out through the exit 54 directly into the storage tank 10. The relatively light vapors will tend to rise in the vessel 40 and will pass through the slot 60 in the plate 58, through the outlet 56, and into the line 38 for passage into the injector 30. In the injector 30, the vapors pass through the nozzle 35 and the venturi 46 where they are partially absorbed by the gasoline entering the injector 30 from the line 34. The resulting mixture then passes from the injector 30, through the line 37 and into the lower portion of the tank where even more absorption will occur as the vapors rise upwardly through the gasoline in the tank. In this manner, some absorption of the vapors is achieved while permitting an injector of relatively low capacity to be used.
At the tank 10 the vapors supplied to the tank directly from the recovery vessel 40, as well as those from the line 37 that were not absorbed, will either condense of will be recovered by the transport truck for supplying gasoline to the storage tank in the manner discussed above.
In addition to the advantages discussed above, it is noted that, in the event of a failure of the injector 30, the recovery vessel 40 will enable the system to revert to a balanced displacement system in which the vapors would be drawn to the tank 10 solely by virtue of their displacement from the vehicle tank, thus minimizing any potential damage to the system. Also, the vapor recovery system of the present invention limits the amount of negative pressure of vacuum that will be applied to the vehicle tank by virtue of the recovery vessel 40, thus eliminating the chance of damage to the tank.
According to an alternate embodiment of the present invention, an optional condenser system 70 may be provided which receives excess vapors from the recovery vessel 40, via a line 72, and condenses the vapors in accordance with conventional practice, before passing same through a line 74 back to the line 37 for passage into the tank 10. Since this type of condenser system is well known in the art, it will not be described in any further detail.
It is thus seen that the present invention provides an effective and safe means of recovering vapors in a vehicle tank without polluting the atmosphere.
It is understood that several modifications may be made in the foregoing system without departing from the scope of the invention. For example, the system can be adapted for vapor recovery only by simply terminating line 14 at the vicinity of the check valve 62 to permit all of the gasoline pumped from the tank into the line 14 to be passed through the injector 30. Also, the system of the present invention is not limited to the dispensing of gasoline and the recovery of gasoline vapors but could be applied to any installation, such as chemical plants, or the like, in which vapor recovery is desired.
Of course, variations may be made in' the foregoing system without departing from the scope of the invention as defined by the appended claims.
1. A liquid dispensing and vapor recovery system comprising storage means for said liquid, first conduit means adapted to connect said storage means to receptacle, and pumping means for pumping said liquid from said storage means through said first conduit means and to said receptacle, wherein the improvement comprises second conduit means connected to said first conduit means and to said storage means for diverting a portion of said liquid in said first conduit means back to said storage means, means for forming a reduced pressure zone in said second conduit means in response to liquid flow through said second conduit means, a recovery vessel for receiving the vapors from said receptacle and separating said vapors into a relatively light portion and a relatively heavy portion, and means connecting said vessel to said reduced pressure zone for drawing the relatively light vapors from said vessel through said second conduit means for passage into said storage means, said recovery vessel being directly connected to said storage means for directly passing said relatively heavy vapors into said storage means.
2. The improvement of claim 1 wherein said means for forming a reduced pressure zone comprises a nozzle and a venturi disposed in said second conduit means.
3. The improvement of claim 1 wherein said relatively light vapors mix with said liquid in said second conduit means.
4. The improvement of claim 1 further comprising a dispensing device connected to said first conduit means for dispensing said liquid from said first conduit means into said receptacle and connected to said vessel for drawing vapors from said receptacle.
5. The improvement of claim 1 wherein said liquid is fuel, said storage means is an underground storage tank, and said receptacle is a vehicle fuel tank.
6. The improvement of claim 1 wherein said vessel is adapted to separate said vapors by cyclone separation.
7. The improvement of claim 1 wherein said vessel includes means for creating a relatively high velocity draw of vapors into said vessel.
8. The improvement of claim 1 wherein said second conduit means is in open communication with said first conduit means and said storage means for continuously diverting a portion of said liquid in said first conduit means back to said storage means.
9. The improvement of claim 1 furthepcomprising condenser means having an inlet connected to said recovery vessel and an outlet connected to said second conduit means, said condenser adapted to receive vapors from said recovery vessel, condense said vapors into liquid, and pass said liquid to said second conduit means.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2401124 *||Feb 21, 1944||May 28, 1946||Aerojet Engineering Corp||Filling nozzle valve|
|US3763901 *||Jan 25, 1971||Oct 9, 1973||C Viland||Method of preventing loss of hydrocarbons to atmosphere|
|US3815327 *||May 14, 1973||Jun 11, 1974||C Viland||Method and apparatus for preventing loss of hydrocarbons to atmosphere|
|US3826291 *||Dec 11, 1972||Jul 30, 1974||Mobil Oil Corp||Dispensing volatile hydrocarbon fuels|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3981334 *||Apr 4, 1975||Sep 21, 1976||Weil-Mclain Co., Inc.||Liquid dispensing and vapor recovery system utilizing an injector and an improved vapor flow control unit|
|US4260000 *||Jun 4, 1979||Apr 7, 1981||Texaco Inc.||Fuel dispensing system with controlled vapor withdrawal|
|US4566504 *||Sep 15, 1983||Jan 28, 1986||Gilbarco Inc.||Insertion tube liquid evacuator system for vapor recovery hose|
|US4687033 *||May 19, 1986||Aug 18, 1987||Gilbarco, Inc.||Venturi liquid evacuator system for maintaining clear vapor path in vapor recovery hose|
|US4749009 *||Oct 23, 1987||Jun 7, 1988||Tokheim Corporation||Vapor passage fuel blockage removal|
|US4768566 *||Feb 18, 1987||Sep 6, 1988||Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha||Fuel tank having an inlet pipe with a guide and venturi restriction|
|US4827987 *||Jan 13, 1987||May 9, 1989||Tokheim Corporation||Liquid fuel blockage removal device with a venturi and bypass passages|
|US4842027 *||Sep 18, 1987||Jun 27, 1989||Tokheim Corporation||Vapor passage fuel blockage removal|
|US4842163 *||May 27, 1988||Jun 27, 1989||Bravo Sergio M||Gasoline collector pit box and submersible unit box|
|US4967809 *||Mar 29, 1989||Nov 6, 1990||Tokheim Corporation||Vapor passage fuel blockage removal|
|US4971225 *||May 18, 1989||Nov 20, 1990||Bravo Sergio M||Gasoline collector pit box and submersible unit box|
|US5040576 *||May 31, 1990||Aug 20, 1991||Tokheim Corporation||Vapor passage fuel blockage removal|
|US5056569 *||Feb 5, 1988||Oct 15, 1991||Dayco Products, Inc.||Hose assembly and method of making the same|
|US5088528 *||May 31, 1991||Feb 18, 1992||Dayco Products, Inc.||Hose assembly and method of making the same|
|US5100024 *||Jun 5, 1990||Mar 31, 1992||Bravo Sergio M||Gasoline collector pit box and submersible unit box|
|US5129433 *||May 23, 1991||Jul 14, 1992||Tokheim Corporation||Vapor passage fuel blockage removal|
|US5195564 *||Apr 30, 1991||Mar 23, 1993||Dresser Industries, Inc.||Gasoline dispenser with vapor recovery system|
|US5323817 *||Oct 26, 1992||Jun 28, 1994||Dresser Industries, Inc.||Gasoline dispenser with vapor recovery system|
|US5332008 *||Feb 4, 1993||Jul 26, 1994||Dresser Industries, Inc.||Gasoline dispenser with enhanced vapor recovery system|
|US5332011 *||Jan 8, 1993||Jul 26, 1994||Dresser Industries, Inc.||Gasoline dispenser with vapor recovery system|
|US5333654 *||Jun 28, 1993||Aug 2, 1994||Tokheim Corporation||Vapor passage fuel blockage removal|
|US5484000 *||Apr 1, 1994||Jan 16, 1996||Hasselmann; Detlev E. M.||Vapor recovery and processing system and method|
|US5507325 *||Nov 17, 1993||Apr 16, 1996||Finlayson; Ian M.||Vapor recovery system for fuel dispensers|
|US5762104 *||Oct 10, 1995||Jun 9, 1998||Fe Petro Inc.||Liquid pumping system with pressure relief mechanism|
|US5868175 *||Jun 28, 1996||Feb 9, 1999||Franklin Electric Co., Inc.||Apparatus for recovery of fuel vapor|
|US6044873 *||Jan 8, 1999||Apr 4, 2000||Zane A. Miller||Onboard refueling vapor recovery detector|
|US6223765 *||Oct 9, 1997||May 1, 2001||Marley Pump||Casing construction for fuel dispensing systems|
|US6302164 *||Mar 28, 2000||Oct 16, 2001||Tokheim Services France||System for dispensing liquid hydrocarbons fitted with a vapor recovery means|
|US6834686 *||Sep 9, 2002||Dec 28, 2004||Delaware Capital Formation, Inc.||Tank pressure management system|
|US6878185 *||Feb 15, 2001||Apr 12, 2005||Siemens Aktiengesellschaft||Method for separating fuel vapour-air mixtures and device for carrying out said method|
|US6899149||Mar 15, 1993||May 31, 2005||Gilbarco Inc.||Vapor recovery fuel dispenser for multiple hoses|
|US6938704 *||Mar 11, 2002||Sep 6, 2005||Wacker Construction Equipment Ag||Pneumatic percussive tool with a movement frequency controlled idling position|
|US20030131903 *||Jan 13, 2003||Jul 17, 2003||Healy James W.||Vapor space pressure control system for underground gasoline storage tank|
|US20030145728 *||Feb 15, 2001||Aug 7, 2003||Stefan Fuhling||Method for separating fuel vapour-air mixtures and device for carrying out said method|
|US20040045625 *||Sep 9, 2002||Mar 11, 2004||Gray John M.||Tank pressure management system|
|US20040065455 *||Mar 11, 2002||Apr 8, 2004||Rudolf Berger||Pneumatic percussive tool with a movement frequency controlled idling position|
|US20140124070 *||Oct 10, 2013||May 8, 2014||Quality Steel Corporation||Underground storage tank|
|USRE35238 *||Feb 10, 1995||May 14, 1996||Gilbarco, Inc.||Vapor recovery system for fuel dispenser|
|EP0155186A1 *||Mar 14, 1985||Sep 18, 1985||Gilbarco Inc.||Venturi liquid evacuator system for maintaining clear vapor path in vapor recovery hose|
|WO1988001982A1 *||Sep 18, 1987||Mar 24, 1988||Bravo Sergio M||Gasoline collector pit box and submersible unit box|
|WO1988002336A1 *||Sep 25, 1987||Apr 7, 1988||Dayco Products, Inc.||Hose assembly and method of making the same|
|U.S. Classification||141/45, 96/220, 55/338, 222/318, 141/59, 55/459.1, 96/195|
|International Classification||B67D7/00, B67D7/04|
|Oct 29, 1981||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: MARLEY-WYLAIN COMPANY THE
Free format text: EFFECTIVE JULY 10, 1981. CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION FROM THE SECRETARY OF STATE OF DELAWARE TO CORRECT THE THIRD PARAGRAPH OF CERTIFICATE OF MERGER.;ASSIGNORS:MARLEY-WYLAIN COMPANY THE (INTO);NEW MWY, INC. (CHANGED TO);REEL/FRAME:003925/0530
Effective date: 19810709