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Publication numberUS3913769 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 21, 1975
Filing dateDec 20, 1974
Priority dateDec 20, 1974
Publication numberUS 3913769 A, US 3913769A, US-A-3913769, US3913769 A, US3913769A
InventorsCottingham Hugh, Scrocco Joseph
Original AssigneeSuwa Seikosha Kk
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Safety locking cap
US 3913769 A
Abstract
A safety locking cap assembly for effecting closure of a bottle whereby inadvertent removal of the cap is prevented. A circular bottle neck is adapted to receive a cap and includes a radial projection. The cap includes an axially directed lug adapted to be positioned in interfering engagement with the radial projection by rotation of the cap in a first direction into closing engagement with the bottle neck to thereby prevent rotation of the cap in the other rotational direction. An axially directed finger is journaled to the cap and is adapted to cam the lug out of interfering engagement with the radial projection in response to radial alignment therebetween to thereby permit removal of the cap from the bottle neck by rotating same in the other rotational direction.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent [191 Scrocco et al.

[4 Oct. 21, 1975 SAFETY LOCKING CAP [75] Inventors: Joseph Scrocc0, West Orange; Hugh Cottingham, Orange, both of NJ.

[21] Appl. No.: 535,057

[52] U.S.'Cl. 215/206; 215/216; 215/218 [51] Int. Cl. A61J 1/00; B65D 55/02 [58] Field of Search 215/9, 206, 218, 216

[56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 9/1973 Horvath 215/206 X 12/1973 Kirton 215/206-X Primary Examiner-George T. Hall Attorney, Agent, or FirmBlum, Moscovitz, Friedman & Kaplan [57] ABSTRACT A safety locking cap assembly for effecting closure of a bottle whereby inadvertent removal of the cap is prevented. A circular bottle neck is adapted to receive a cap and includes a radial projection. The cap includes an axially directed lug adapted to be positioned in interfering engagement with the radial projection by rotation of the cap in a first direction into closing engagement with the bottle neck to thereby prevent rotation of the cap in the other rotational direction. An axially directed finger is journaled to the cap and is adapted to cam the lug out of interfering engagement with the radial projection in response to radial alignment therebetween to thereby permit removal of the cap from the bottle neck by rotating same in the other rotational direction.

10 Claims, 8 Drawing Figures U.S. Patent Oct. 21, 1975 Sheet10f2 3,913,769

Fla. 3 in;

US. Patent Oct. 21, 1975 Sheet 2 On 3,913,769

SAFETY LOCKING CAP BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention is directed to a safety locking cap assembly adapted to provide a closure for a bottle opening, whereby inadvertent opening of same is prevented, and in particular to a safety locking cap assembly wherein the safety feature provided by the cap is not diminished by the facility with which same can be removed from the bottle.

The packaging of dangerous substances for home use, has resulted in the development of safety bottle caps designed to prevent inadvertent removal of same by a child. Nevertheless, such bottle caps although successfully preventing opening of the bottle by children, have presented an equally difficult challenge to an adult attempting to open same. For example, safety caps capable of locking the cap to the bottle to prevent inadvertent removal, usually require undue force to effect unlocking and removal of the cap, thereby rendering such caps less than completely satisfactory.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION Generally speaking, in accordance with the invention, a safety locking cap assembly adapted to prevent inadvertent removal of the cap from the bottle is provided. A circular bottle neck including a radial projection is adapted to rotatably receive the cap. The cap includes an axially directed lug adapted to be positioned in interfering engagement with the radial projection by rotation of the cap in a first direction into closing engagement with the bottle neck to prevent rotation of the cap in the other rotational direction. An axially directed finger is journaled to the cap and is adapted to cam the lug out of interfering engagement with the radial projection in response to radial alignment therebetween to thereby permit removal of the cap from the bottle neck by rotation of same in the other rotational direction.

Accordingly, it is an object of this invention to provide an improved safety locking cap assembly wherein inadvertent opening of the cap by children is avoided.

Another object of this invention is to provide a safety locking cap assembly wherein the safety feature of the cap is not diminished by the facility with which same can be removed from the bottle.

Still other objects and advantages of the invention will in part be obvious and will in part be apparent from the specification.

The invention accordingly comprises the features of construction, combinations of elements, and arangement of parts which will be exemplified in the constructions hereinafter set forth, and the scope of the invention will be indicated in the claims.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS For a fuller understanding of the invention, reference is had to the following description taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, in which:

FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a safety locking cap assembly constructed in accordance with the instant invention;

FIG. 2 is a partial sectional view taken along line 22 of FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is a sectional view taken along line 33 of FIG. 2;

FIG. 4 is a partial sectional view in accordance with the view depicted in FIG. 2, illustrating an operative principle of the instant invention;

FIG. 5 is a sectional view taken along line 55 of FIG. 4; and

FIGS. 6, 7, and 8 are partial sectional views of a safety bottle cap assembly constructed in accordance with an alternate embodiment of the instant invention.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Reference is now made to FIGS. 1 through 5, wherein a safety locking cap assembly, generally indicated at 10, provides a safety closure for a bottle 11 in accordance with a preferred embodiment of the instant invention. Bottle 11 includes a circular neck 12 having integrally molded thereon a radially directed projection 13, including a first inclined surface 14 and a second flat surface 15 perpendicular to the tangent of the bottle neck. Additionally, bottle neck 12 includes threads 16 integrally formed thereon to permit a bottle cap having internal threads to be screwed thereon into a closed position.

A circular bottle cap 20 includes internal threads 21 to allow the capto be screwed onto the threads of the bottle neck to thereby effect the closing of the bottle neck in a conventional manner. The cap further includes an integrally formed axially extending lug 22 adapted to extend considerably past the bottle neck projection 13. Accordingly, when the cap 20 is screwed on the bottle neck 12, lug 22 is rotated in a clockwise direction and is cammed over the inclined surface 14 of projection 13. Whem the cap is rotated into a fully closed position, lug 22 is positioned in interfering engagement with flat surface 15 of projection 13, to thereby prevent rotation of same in a counterclockwise direction, hence preventing removal of the cap from the bottle neck.

Cap 20 includes annular recess 23 adapted to rotatably secure a journal ring, generally indicated as 25, to said cap. The journal ring includes a radially directed annular wall 26 rotatably secured in recess 23 to effect journaling of said journal ring therein. A finger 27 is joined by radial wall 29 to journal ring 25, to radially position the axial extent of finger 27 in substantial alignment with lug 22 and projection 13. As is specifically illustrated in FIG. 2, finger 27 further includes an arcuate camming surface 28 to be more fully explained below with respect to the operation of the instant invention. Finally, journal ring 25 includes an indicator arrow 30a integrally molded on the outer surface thereof in radial alignment with finger 27. A second indicator arrow 30b is integrally molded on cap 20 in radial alignment with lug 22 and is designed to point in the direction of indicator arrow 30a.

In operation, the bottle neck is closed by a rotation of the cap 20 in a clockwise direction, whereby lug22 is cammed over inclined surface 14 of projection 13 and engages flat surface 15 to effect locking of the cap by preventing rotation of the cap in a counterclockwise direction. Removal of the cap is effected by rotating journal ring 25 until finger 27 is radially aligned with lug 22. As is particularly illustrated in FIG. 4, arcuate surface 28 effects a camming of lug 22 to a certain radial extent so that same clears flat surface 15 of projection 13 to thereby permit rotation of cap 20 in a counterclockwise direction thereby allowing the cap to be unscrewed from the bottle neck. In order to facilitate alignment of the finger with the lug, to effect camming of same, alignment of indicator arrows 30a and 30b, respectively disposed on journal ring 25 and cap 20, indicates that removal of the cap is possible. it is noted that the above described safety locking cap assembly provides a secure locking of the cap to the bottle neck, to prevent inadvertent opening of same by a child, yet simplifies the manner in which such cap can be removed from the bottle when removal is required.

Reference is now made to FIGS. 6 through 8 wherein an alternate embodiment of the safety locking cap as-. sembly of the instant invention is depicted, like reference numerals being utilized to denote like elements depicted in FIGS. 1 through 5. A finger 35 having first and second axially extended camming surfaces 36 and 37 is supported by radial wall 29 to provide a further safety feature to the locking cap assembly. As specifically indicated in FIG. 7, rotation of journal ring 25 in a direction utilized to screw the cap into locking en gagement with the bottle, effects a camming of lug 22 by camming surface 36 out of engagement with projection 13. On the other hand, rotation of journal ring 25 in the opposite direction required to secure the cap to the bottle effects a camming of lug 22 by camming surface 37 toward the center of the bottle neck, to thereby allow finger 27 to pass thereover and maintain the cap in a locked position. Accordingly, a further safety feature is provided in that the journal ring must be rotated in the opposite rotational direction required for removal of the cap to thereby prevent inadvertent unlocking of the cap when the journal ring is turned in the direction of cap removal.

It is noted, that the safety locking cap assembly discussed above provides a locking cap wherein unlocking of same can be achieved without a person having to use undueforce or to push and pull a movable element on the cap. Additionally, the journal ring can be rotatably secured to the bottle neck to effect the requisit positioning of the finger to achieve an unlocking in the manner discussed above.

It will thus be seen that the objects set forth above,

amongthose made apparent from the preceding description, are efficiently attained and, since certain changes may be made in the above constructions without departing from the spirit and scope of the inven tion, it is intended that all matter contained in the above description or shown in the accompanying drawings shall be interpreted as illustrative and not in a limiting sense.

It is also to be understood that the following claims are intended to cover all of the generic and specific features of the invention herein described and all statements of the scope of the invention which, as a matter of language, might be said to fall therebetween.

What is claimed is:

1. A safety locking cap assembly comprising in combination a circular bottle neck adapted to rotatably receive a cap, said bottle neck including a radial projec tion, a cap including an axially directed lug adapted to be positioned in interfering engagement with said radial projection by rotation of said cap in a first direction into closing engagement with said bottle neck, thereby preventing rotation of saidcap in the other rotational direction, and an axially directed finger rotatably disposed with respect to said cap and bottle neck and adapted to cam said lug out of interfering engagement with said radial projection in response to radial alignment between said lug and said finger to thereby permit removal of the cap from said bottle neck by rotation of same in the other rotational direction.

2. A safety locking cap assembly as claimed in claim 4. A safety locking cap assembly as claimed in claim 2, wherein said finger include a first cam surface and a second cam surface, said first cam surface being adapted to cam said lug out of interfering engagement with said radial projection in response torotation of same in a first rotational direction, said other cam surface being adapted to maintain said finger in engagement with said projection and allow said finger to be cammed over said lug without removing the lug from interfering engagement with said radial projection in response to rotation of said finger in the other rotational direction.

5. A safety locking cap assembly as claimed in claim 2, wherein said circular bottle neck is threaded, and a said cap includes internal threads to effect securing of the cap to the bottle neck by screwing of said cap in said first rotational direction.

6. A safety locking cap assembly as claimed in claim 2, wherein said projection includes an inclined surface.

for camming said lug thereover to prevent engagement therewith when said cap is rotated in said first rotational direction, and further includes a flat surface perpendicular to the tangent of said bottle neck toeffect interfering engagement of said lug with said projection 1 and thereby prevent rotation of said cap in said other rotational direction.

7. A safety locking cap assembly as claimed in claim 6, wherein the axial extent of said lug is substantially past the projection on said bottle neck.

8. A safety locking cap assembly as claimed in claim 7, wherein the axial extent of saidfinger is limited to prevent same from contacting saidprojection.

9. A safety locking. cap assembly as claimed in claim 8, wherein said projection includes an inclined surface for camming said lug thereover to prevent engagement 1 therewith when said cap is rotated in said first rotational direction, and further includes a fiat surface perpendicular to the tangent of said bottleneck, to effect interfering engagement of said lug with said projection and prevent rotation of said cap in said other rotational direction.

10. A safety locking cap assembly as claimed in claim 9, wherein said finger include a first cam surface and a second cam surface, said first cam surface being,

adapted to cam said lug out of interfering engagement with said radial projection in response to rotation of same in a first rotational direction, said other cam surface being adapted to maintain said finger in engages ment with said projection and allow said finger to be cammed over said lug without removing the lug from interfering engagement with said radial projection in response to rotation of said finger in the other rotational direction.

l= =l= =i UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION PATENT NO. 3,913,769

DATED October 21, 1975 v I INVENTOR(S) 1 Joseph Scrocco and Hugh Cottingham It is-certifi ed that error appears in the above-identified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below:

Title Page, line 73 change "Assignees Kabushiki KaishaSuwa Seikosha, Tokyo, Japan" to Black Hole Nebula, Inca, a New Jersey corporation.

- Signed and Scaled this Q Twenty-fourth D3) of August 1976 [SEAL] Arrest:

7 RUTH c. MASON c. MARSHALL DANN Arresting Officer v Commissioner oflatems and Trademarks

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3759411 *Oct 29, 1971Sep 18, 1973W HorvathSafety closure cap and container for dry and liquid contents
US3779412 *Sep 8, 1971Dec 18, 1973Kirton JLocking finger sealed cap
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4238033 *May 26, 1977Dec 9, 1980Artzt William WReceptacle for medication
US5197617 *Oct 12, 1990Mar 30, 1993Ariel Industries PlcLockable closure fastening and tamper evident closure
US5394601 *Mar 23, 1993Mar 7, 1995Shintech, Inc.Multiple wedge detachable connection and closure and method of making
US5449077 *Sep 13, 1994Sep 12, 1995Seidler; DavidBottle with child resistant cap
US5476181 *Mar 15, 1994Dec 19, 1995Seidler; DavidChild-resistant product dispenser
US5632416 *Jan 29, 1993May 27, 1997W. A. Lane, Inc.Collapsible dispenser pouch
US5819967 *Jun 3, 1997Oct 13, 1998Pfizer Inc.Child-resistant, senior friendly container
US5947319 *Mar 17, 1997Sep 7, 1999Mark ZybertPaint can lid with wire handle engagement
US6085922 *Feb 28, 1997Jul 11, 2000Nunc, A/SContainer and closure assembly with tactile indication of closure position
US6152315 *Oct 14, 1997Nov 28, 2000Rexam Plastics Inc.Closure having back-angled lugs
US6343705May 31, 2000Feb 5, 2002Rexam Medical Packaging Inc.Closure having back-angled lugs
US7866497 *Dec 12, 2007Jan 11, 2011Checkpoint Systems, Inc.Bottle security device
US20120223077 *Mar 2, 2012Sep 6, 2012Rubbermaid, Inc.Mechanically secured lid and container
Classifications
U.S. Classification215/206, 215/216, 215/218
International ClassificationB65D50/06, B65D50/00
Cooperative ClassificationB65D50/062
European ClassificationB65D50/06B2