US 3915159 A
An exercise and massaging apparatus comprises a support structure for accommodating a person and operable means, such as pedal means. Massaging means for engaging a body portion of the operator are provided and are caused to undergo reciprocating motion along a generally vertical axis responsive to the operation of the operable means. A typical massaging means includes an adjustable collar having a plurality of roller means.
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
United States Patent 11 1 1111 Simjian Oct. 28, 1975 EXERCISE AND MASSAGING APPARATUS 3,727,608 4/1973 Simjian l2B/63  Inventor: Luther G. Simjian, 7 Laurel Lane,
Greenwich, Con 06830 Primary ExaminerLawrence W. Trapp  Filed: Sept. 23, 1974 211 Appl. No.: 508,511  ABSTRACT An exercise and massaging apparatus comprises a sup-  U 3 Cl l28/58 128/51 port structure for accommodating a person and opera- 511 1111021111111IlIIIIIlIIIIIIIIIIII'II'I'I Aeln 11/00 means Such as Pfida' mcans- Massaging mans 58 Field of Search 128/24 R, 25 R, 58, 63, engagng body of a'ePmvided 128/5] 52 and are caused to undergo reciprocating motion along a generally vertical axis responsive to the operation of  References Cited the operable means. A typical massaging means in- UNITED STATES PATENTS cludes an adjustable collar having a plurality of roller means. l,175,5l3 3/l9l6 Flynt 128/58 l,250,ll8 l2/19l7 Flynt 1. 128/58 6 Claims, 10 Drawing Figures WI h n u A i 1 38 i5 :1 1" 4o i 1 1 Z I u i 7 36 I 1 Sheet 1 of 3 3,915,159
U.S. Patent 0a. 28, 1975 US. Patent 0m. 28, 1975 Sheet 2 of3 3,915,159
Ii 54 .JrL-LLL' U.S. Patent 0a. 28, 1975 Sheet 3 of3 3,915,159
EXERCISE AND MASSAGING APPARATUS SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION This invention is related to exercise and massaging apparatus as previously disclosed by me in US. Pat. Nos. 3,670,723; 3,727,608; 3,777,745; pending applications for US. Pat. Ser. No. 405,406 filed Oct. II, 1973, now US. Pat. No. 3,861,382 issued Jan. 21, 1975, Ser. No. 487,050 filed July 10, 1974, and Ser. No. 496,307 filed Aug. 9, 1974.
The above referenced patents and pending applications disclose exercise apparatus which are combined with a massaging means so that a person operating the particular apparatus for the purpose of subjecting himself to exercise receives simultaneously a massage. The intensity of the massaging action is directly related to the muscular effort expended by the person during such exercise. The exercise apparatus of the type indicated comprise bicycle or rowing-type apparatus and massaging means which, as disclosed, preferably include resilient roller means mounted to a massaging belt.
In the described arrangements the roller means provide a massage by generally reciprocating or rolling in a substantially horizontal direction, the roller means being mounted about vertically disposed axes. The present invention discloses an arrangement wherein the roller means are mounted for rolling contact along a generally vertical direction, the axes which mount the rollers being disposed in a substantially horizontal plane. Thus, if the massaging means encircle a portion of the torso of the operator, the massaging action obtained comprises an up and down oscillating motion.
Specific features of the present invention will be more clearly apparent from the following description when taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a perspective view showing a preferred embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a top plan view of the massaging means;
FIG. 3 is a side elevational view along line 3-3 in FIG. 2;
FIG. 4 is a side elevational view along line 4-4 in FIG. 2;
FIG. 5 is a sectional view along line 55 in FIG. 2;
FIG. 6 is a sectional view along section line 6-6 in FIG. 5;
FIG. 7 is an elevational view of an alternative embodiment of the massaging means;
FIG. 8 is a partial view illustrating an alternative embodiment of the drive mechanism;
FIG. 9 is an elevational view along line 9-9 in FIG. 8, and
FIG. 10 is a partial view illustrating a still further alternative embodiment of the drive mechanism for the massaging means.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION Referring now to the figures and FIGS. 1 through 6 in particular, there is shown a stationary support structure l0 resting on a floor or other support surface. The support structure mounts a pedal means 12 for operation by the person sitting on a seat 14 which is elevated from the support structure 10 by means of a tubular support 16. There is provided also a handle bar I8 elevated from the support structure 10 by a further tubular support 20. The described components form essentially a stationary bicycle type exercise apparatus in which a person sitting on the seat 14 and supporting himself at the handle bar 18 rotates the foot pedals 12 in a known manner. The massaging means 22 mounted above the seat 14 are disposed for encircling, in the present example, the torso of the person and, as will be more clearly evident from the description hereinbelow, the massaging means 22 are subjected to vertical reciprocating motion responsive to the operation of the pedal means 12 as is indicated by the arrow 24.
The massaging means 22, shown more clearly in FIG. 2, comprise a collar or belt 30 of rigid, yet flexible material such as thermoplastic material, spring steel or similar structural material which is adapted to yield to the extent of conforming to the torso of the person, thereby adjusting its girth. In order to provide a more flexible adjustment and permit the wearer to get into and out of this collar with greater case, there are provided hinges 32 and 34 so that the portions 30A and 30B can be opened as is indicated by the dashed positions shown in FIG. 2 The collar 30 is provided with a plurality of U-shaped brackets 36, each supporting a respective horizontally disposed shaft 38 which, in turn, provides a support for a massaging element in the shape of a roller 40. The massaging element 40, in a preferred embodiment, is made of rubber of sufficient hardness to roll up and down against the body of the wearer to provide a firm massaging action without causing injury however. The front end of the collar is equipped with a closure comprising a plurality of holes 42 in the underlying portion 308 and a pin 44 in the overlapping portion 30A to maintain the collar closed after its girth has been adjusted.
As seen more clearly in FIGS. 2, 5 and 6, the collar 30 is secured by means of screws 50, FIG. 5, to a block 52 which moves up and down in a vertical direction along a pair of stationary guide rods 54 and 56 extending from the support structure 10, see FIG. 6. In order to accomplish such sliding motion, the block 52 is equipped with a set of sleeve bearings 58 and 60 the upper end of which is plugged by means of a respective circular disk 62. Reciprocating vertical motion is imparted to the block 52 by a drive shaft secured to the block 52 by a set screw 72 and driven from the pedal means 12 via a sprocket gear 74, chain 76, sprocket gear 78, crank shaft 80, link 82 and wrist pin 84. The sprocket gear 78 is affixed to the crank shaft 80 by a pin 86. A pair of stationary supports 88 journal the crank shaft 80. Therefore, as the pedal means 12 is retated, the crank shaft 80 undergoes rotation and causes the connecting link 82 to impart reciprocating vertical motion to the drive shaft 70, causing the block 52 to slide up and down along stationary guide rods 54 and 56. As the block 52 undergoes such reciprocating motion. the collar 30 and rollers 40 undergo also such sub stantially vertical motion, thereby causing the rollers 40 to roll up and down along the torso of the wearer, the reciprocating vertical motion being directly related to the speed with which the pedal means are rotated.
FIG. 7 shows a modification of the massaging means. Specifically, the collar comprises a plurality of individual links 100, each link being separated from an adjacent link by a hinge 102 and each link I00 carrying its own roller 40. In this manner, each massaging element in the form of a roller is adapted to more closely conform to the curvature of the particular person by being able to be mounted to an articulated portion of the collar.
FIGS. 8 and 9 disclose an alternative drive arrangement for the massaging means 22 using only two vertical shafts. The shafts l and 112 are mounted for sliding motion in supports 114 and 116 respectively, the latter being affixed by flanges to the support structure 10. A double ended crank shaft 120 supports a pair of links 122 and 124 which, in turn, are connected to the shafts 110 and 112, causing the shafts 110 and 112 to undergo reciprocating vertical motion in response to the rotation of the sprocket gear 78. The upper ends of the shafts 110 and 112 are coupled to the block 52 by means of L-shaped brackets 126 and 128 which are secured to a set of flanges 130 and 132 in which the upper ends of shafts 110 and 112 terminate.
A further alternative drive means for providing vertical reciprocating motion is indicated in FIG. 10 wherein an eccentric cam 150 is mounted to the shaft 152 to which the sprocket gear 78, FIG. 5, is secured. The drive shaft 154 is provided with a cam follower 156 which is urged against the periphery of the eccentric cam 150 by means of a spring 158 which is confined in the space between the cam follower 156 and a stationary plate 160. As the cam 150 rotates responsive to the rotation of shaft 152, the drive shaft 154 undergoes reciprocating vertical motion and by fastening the upper end of the shaft 154 to the block 52 as shown in FIG. 6, the massaging means, once again, is subjected to vertical reciprocating motion, causing the rollers 40 to roll up and down along the engaged body portion of the person using the foregoing exercise apparatus.
While there have been described and illustrated certain preferred embodiments of the present invention and several modifications thereof, it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that various further changes and modifications may be made without deviating from the broad principle of the present invention which shall be limited only by the scope of the appended claims.
What is claimed is:
1. An exercise and massaging apparatus for use by a person comprising:
a support structure in the form of a stationary bicycle which includes a stationary support, a seat and a handle means elevated from said support structure, and foot pedal means disposed for operation by the person seated on said seat;
collar means supported by said support structure and disposed for encircling a body portion of the person sitting on said seat, said collar means including a plurality of massaging elements to engage the encircled portion, and
means coupling said foot pedal means to said collar means for causing said collar means and massaging elements to undergo reciprocating motion along a substantially vertical axis relative to said encircled portion responsive to the operation of said pedal means.
2. An exercise and massaging apparatus as set forth in claim 1, said massaging elements comprising rollers mounted for rotation about substantially horizontally disposed axes.
3. An exercise and massaging apparatus as set forth in claim 1, said collar means being coupled to means disposed for sliding motion along guide means upstanding from said support structure.
4. An exercise and massaging apparatus as set forth in claim 3, said means coupling including crank means coupled to said means disposed for sliding motion.
5. An exercise and massaging apparatus as set forth in claim 3, said collar means comprising a plurality of interconnected links.
6. An exercise and massaging apparatus as set forth in claim 3, said means coupling including an eccentric cam and a cam follower, the latter being urged against said cam, and said cam follower being coupled for causing said collar means to undergo said reciprocating