Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.


  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3916447 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 4, 1975
Filing dateApr 24, 1972
Priority dateApr 24, 1972
Publication numberUS 3916447 A, US 3916447A, US-A-3916447, US3916447 A, US3916447A
InventorsLenore E Thompson
Original AssigneeKimberly Clark Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Low cost, absorbent, clinging, aqueous liquid barrier protective covering
US 3916447 A
A protective covering is disclosed having at least one layer of synthetic polymeric microfibers bonded to at least one other layer of cellulosic fibers. The exposed microfibers exhibit a tendency to cling to other natural fibers found in clothing or other webs, while the exposed cellulosic fibers present an absorbent surface. The combination is a soft, flexible, aqeuous liquid-barrier web useful as a dinner napkin, bib, furniture cover, or the like.
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

I United States Patent 1191 Thompson LOW COST, ABSORBENT, CLINGING,

AQUEOUS LIQUID BARRIER PROTECTIVE COVERING [75] Inventor: Lenore E. Thompson, Menasha,


[73] Assignee: Kimberly-Clark Corporation,

Neenah, Wis.

[22] Filed: Apr. 24, 1972 [21] Appl. No.: 247,116

[56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,768,247 10/1956 Graham 161/152 3,016,599 1/1962 Perry 161/169 3,097,991 7/1963 Miller et a1. 161/169 3,180,335 4/1965 Duncan et a1. 128/287 3,251,360 5/1965 Melges 128/132 D 3,310,459 3/1967 Guthrie 128/296 3,410,266 11/1968 Krzewinski 128/132 D 3,416,526 12/1968 Yeremian 128/296 3,484,330 12/1969 Sokolowski... 128/132 D 3,485,705 12/1969 Harmon 128/290 W Nov. 4, 1975 3,503,391 3/1970 Melges 128/132 D 3,509,009 4/1970 Hartmann 161/150 3,530,023 9/1970 Schutte et a1.. 161/152 3,532,800 10/1970 Wyly et a1 161/150 3,561,440 2/1971 Bayer et a1 128/132 D 3,595,235 7/1971 Jespersen 128/284 3,619,816 11/1971 Cowen 161/250 3,647,594 3/1972 Demme... 161/156 3,654,059 4/1972 Zisblatt 161/169 3,674,613 7/1972 Lavigne 161/250 3,695,985 10/1972 Brock et a1. 161/150 3,704,198 11/1972 Prentice 161/150 3,837,995 9/1974 Floden 161/150 FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 1,217,892 l2/1970 United Kingdom OTHER PUBLICATIONS Wente, V. A., Industrial and Engineering Chemistry 48(8), 1342-1346 (1956).

Primary Examiner-George F. Lesmes Assistant Examiner-.1. Cannon Attorney, Agent, or FirmDaniel J. Hanlon, Jr.; William D. Herrick; Raymond J. Miller ABSTRACT A protective covering is disclosed having at least one layer of synthetic polymeric microfibers bonded to at least one other layer of cellulosic fibers. The exposed microfibers exhibit a tendency to cling to other natural fibers found in clothing or other webs, while the exposed cellulosic fibers present an absorbent surface. The combination is a soft, flexible, aqeuous liquidbarrier web useful as a dinner napkin, bib, furniture cover, or the like.

2 Claims, 6 Drawing figures US. Patent Nov. 4, 1975 Sheet 1 01*2 3,916,447

US. Patent Nov. 4, 1975 Sheet 2 of2 3,916,447

1 LOW COST, ABSORBENT, CLINGING, AQUEOUS LIQUID BARRIER PROTECTIVE COVERING BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention This invention relates to low-cost protective coverings having a bonded, multi-ply construction. More particularly, it concerns such coverings combining at least one layer of synthetic thermoplastic polymeric microfibers with at least one layer of cellulosic fibers. The combination exhibits desirable properties such as cling, strength, aqueous liquid-barrier capabilities and absorbency.

2. Prior Art Description The use of paper or other low-cost webs for the protection of objects from liquid contact has become very common. Fimiliar examples in the single-use disposables area include table napkins and bibs, as well as many others. More limited use protective coverings are also included such as, for example, headrest covers for airline passenger seats. These items are conventionally made of paper, usually creped wadding, or nonwoven materials. In most, if not all, such applications, it is desirable that the web remain in position on the user, seat, etc. until intended to be removed. Conventional paper webs have been unsuccessful to a large degree in meeting this objective even when positive fastening means have been employed. Efforts heretofore to economically render such webs clinging or self-attaching have met similarly with little success.

For many uses, including those mentioned, it is highly advantageous to have a web with good aqueous liquid barrier properties. Thus, coffee or milk, for example, spilled on a bib or napkin will not readily transfer to the garment underneath. Conventional napkins and tissues have substantially failed to provide this protection. Attempts to increase the barrier properties of such webs have been made, for example, by laminating them with a film layer. These attempts, while successful in that regard, have significantly increased the cost of such products and detrimentally affected a number of other properties, such as drape and cling.

Formed webs of synthetic thermoplastic polymeric microfibers are known. For example, work done at the Naval Research Laboratories in Washington, DC. is described by Van A. Wendt in an article entitled Superfine Thermoplastic Fibers appearing in INDUS- TRIAL AND ENGINEERING CHEMISTRY, Vol. 48, No. 8, pgs. 1342 to 1346. It is also known to combine these microfibrous webs with other layers or components to form filter material or the like. Furthermore, it is known to form synthetic electrical papers from such microfibrous webs. Examples of such products may be found by reference to British Pat. No. 1,217,892 and U.S. Pat. No. 3,532,800.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION Briefly, in accordance with the invention, there is provided an absorbent, strong, flexible, aqueous liquidbarrier protective covering including at least one layer of synthetic polymeric thermoplastic microfibers bonded to at least one layer of cellulosic fibers. The microfiber and cellulosic fiber layers may be adequately bonded autogenously simply by contact as described, for example, in copending U.S. application Ser. No. 247,130 filed Apr. 24, 1972 by John G. Floden, now Pat. No. 3,837,995, entitled Autogenously Bonded Composite Web and assigned to the assignee of this 2 application; alternatively, known laminating processes may be utilized. Preferably the polymeric microfibers have diameters of 10 microns or less, and the cellulosic fibers are of a larger size, usually 20 to 40 microns in diameter.

The resulting composite web is soft and strong with a tendency exhibited by its microfibrous surface to adhere tenaciously to most common fabric materials, especially those containing natural fibers.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 illustrates schematically an embodiment of the invention showing the two layer structure in roll form, where one layer is composed of the microfibers and the other layer is composed of cellulosic fibers;

FIG. 2 illustrates the protective covering of the invention in the form of a bib;

FIG. 3 illustrates the protective covering of the invention in the form of a table napkin;

FIG. 4 illustrates the protective covering of the invention in use as a furniture cover;

FIG. 5 illustrates the protective covering of the invention in the form of a disposable handkerchief; and

FIG. 6 illustrates in partial view a special purpose tissue and dispenser.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS As used herein the term microfiber layer may be defined as a non-woven web of generally discontinuous fibers predominantly having a diameter in the range less than about 10 microns.

The term synthetic thermoplastic polymer is intended to include all man-made polymers capable of melt extrusion into microfibers. This embraces, in particular, polyolefins, polyamides, and polyesters. The preferred thermoplastic polymers include polyolefins, especially polypropylene. The web weight of the microfibrous layer is not critical and, in general, may vary within the range of 0.5 to 30 grams per square meter depending upon the particular properties desired in the composite structure. Increased web weights result in higher overall strength and opacity. For most uses, the web weight range of from 5 to 20 grams per square meter is preferred. While the particular length of these microfibers is not critical, they are usually discontinuous when formed. A method for forming such fibers is not a part of this invention, and the one described, for example, in the article by Wendt, supra, as well as in Naval Research Laboratory Report 1 1 1,437 dated Apr. 15, 1954 entitled Manufacture of Superfine Organic Fibers can be utilized. Generally, the process involves the extrusion of molten polymeric material into fine streams and attenuating them by opposing flows of high velocity heated gas, usually air. As formed the microfibrous web displays some two-sidedness with the surface contacting the collector (usually a belt) being more free from loose and extended fibers. It is preferred that, when bonding to the other layer, the microfibrous web be positioned so that the belt side (surface contacting the collector) will be exposed in the resulting composite. This generally results in stronger interlayer bonding due to the greater degree of fiber entanglement.

For enhanced aqueous liquid barrier properties, the use of hydrophobic polymers is preferred, and diameter ranges of 2 to 6 microns are also considered most desirable. While the web thus remains vapor permeable and is not uncomfortable to skin contact, it still acts as a barrier to the passage of aqueous liquids. The term liquid barrier for the purpose of this invention means having a Mason Jar test rating in excess of 30 minutes. The Mason Jar test is conventionally used and described as follows: 600 milliliters of water is placed in a 1 quart Mason jar; a piece of the material to be tested is placed on the top of the jar and fastened in place with an O ring; the jar is inverted and placed on a flat glass plate with the fluid head being about 4 inches. The time required to wet the plate is a measure of the water repellency of the material.

The term autogenously bonded is used to describe the tendency of the microfibrous and cellulosic fiber layers to adhere to each other when brought into contact. The bonds thus formed need not be supplemented by adhesive or physical means and generally exceed about 0.40 g/cm as measured with an Instron Universal Test Instrument using the A cell attachment and set for maximum sensitivity.

For cellulosic layers, the use of tissue or creped wadding in the basis weight range of from about 10 to about 60 grams per square meter is preferred. However, other cellulosic fibrous materials, such as air laid felts, may be utilized as well. For most disposable and limited use applications, though, tissue and creped wadding provide the advantages of ready availability and low cost.

The layer of cellulosic fibers may be dry or wet formed and have a thickness generally from 0.5 to 50 and preferably from 1 to 5 times the thickness of the microfibrous layer. The size of the cellulosic fibers is not critical so long as they have an average diameter substantially larger than the average diameter of the microfibers. For example, cellulose fibers having an average diameter in the range of from about to about 50 microns have been used, and the range of from to 40 microns is preferred. The cellulosic layer may include one or more separate plies, and when a plurality of plies are used, they may be supplementally bonded to each other as by the use of adhesives or physical bonding means such as needling or embossing.

EXAMPLES The following examples illustrate the invention in terms of a number of preferred combinations of microfibers and cellulosic fibers and related embodiments.

EXAMPLE 1 A multipurpose sheet material in roll form was prepared by combining conventional cellulosic tissue (Kleenex single ply facial grade tissue) and microfiber webs. The tissue had a basis weight of about 15.77 grams per square meter, and the microfiber web was made up of polypropylene fibers having an average fiber diameter predominantly in the range of from about 2 microns to about 6 microns and basis weight of about 15.42 grams per square meter. The webs were united by placing the microfiber web in position with the side having the greatest number of loose fibers against the tissue web and running the two plies over an idler roll. The resulting composite was perforated at 16 inch intervals, trimmed, and wound onto cores in I00 sheet lengths convenient for consumer use.

FIG. 1 illustrates this embodiment in somewhat schematic form showing roll 10 of sheets 12 wound on core 14. The sheets are two ply with the thermoplastic microfibers 16 on one surface and the larger, cellulosic fibers 18 on the opposite side. Perforation line 20 provides for easy separation of the individual sheets 12.

4 These sheets can be simply dispensed and placed wherever a protective covering is desired, or used for other similar purposes.

' EXAMPLE 2 An infant bib was prepared from a combination of tissue and microfibrous polypropylene formed in the manner of Example 1. The composite sheets were cut by hand into sections of 14 inches by 17 /2 inches with a cut-away section at the neck.

FIG. 2 illustrates the bib 22 schematically showing microfibers 16 and cellulosic fibers 18 on opposing surfaces. Yoke 24 is formed by ends 26 resulting from the cutout. The bib may be simply pressed into position and will resist displacement during normal use.

EXAMPLE 3 A table napkin was formed from the composite web of Example 1 by processing the material with a conventional (Paper Converting Machine Company) napkin folder machine which folded, cut and stacked the product from 15 inch by 15 inch sheets into eighths.

FIG. 3 schematically illustrates the dinner napkin 28 showing plies of microfibers 16 and cellulose fibers 18 combined and folded along lines 30 and transversely along fold 32. Other folding methods, of course, may be utilized to provide napkins of desired configurations. When unfolded and pressed gently into position on ones lap, the napkin will resist displacement from most clothing during normal use.

EXAMPLE 4 A protective furniture cover in the form of a headrest cover was prepared from the composite of Example 1. The sheet was cut to 14 inch by 17 /2 inch covers and interfolded into stacks for convenient distribution.

FIG. 4 schematically illustrates this embodiment in use. Seat 34 includes base 36, armrests 38, seat cushion 40 and back 42 including headrest portion 44. The protective covering 46 is pressed into position on headrest 44 with the microfibers l6 contacting the fabric of the seat, and the absorbent cellulosic fibers l8 exposed. Once in position, it will resist displacement during normal use. Of course, similar furniture protective coverings may be utilized where desired, for example, on armrests 38.

EXAMPLE 5 A disposable handkerchief was prepared utilizing two tissue layers similar to those used in the previous examples and a center ply of polypropylene microfibers as in Example 1 and having a basis weight of about 7.42 grams per square meter. The microfiber web was combined with the first tissue layer as in Example 1, then a second tissue ply was joined, and the composite run over a second idler roll. Sheets of 16 inches by 16 inches were cut and folded into sixteenths by hand to form strong, absorbent handkerchiefs.

FIG. 5 schematically illustrates this embodiment showing handkerchief 48 of three-ply construction with exposed cellulosic fibers l8 and center ply of thermoplastic microfibers l6.

EXAMPLE 6 A superstrength facial tissue was prepared from the composite of Example 5 by cutting it into 10 inches by l0 inches sheets which were interfolded by hand and placed in top dispensing cartons.

FIG. 6 illustrates this embodiment showing facial tissues 50 including exposed cellulose fibers 18 and center ply of microfibers 16. As shown the tissues 50 are interfolded along lines 52 for dispensing through open- 6 Thus, it is apparent that there has been provided in accordance with the' inventiori, an improved, strong, low cost, absorbent, clinging, aqueous liquid barrier web that fully satisfies the objects, aims and advantages ing 54 in carton 56. These tissues are extra strong when 5 set forth above. While the invention has been described compared with conventional facial tissues and are espein conjunction with specific embodiments thereof, it is clally suited for heavy duty applications. evident that many alternatives, modifications and vari- In order to demonstrate the highly advantageous tenations will be apparent to those skilled in the art in light dency of the webs produced ln accordance with the of the foregoing description. Accordingly, it is intended present lnventlon, to cling or self-attach to various 10 to embrace all such alternatives, modifications and varfabrlcs, the following test was devisedi a inch by 15 iations that fall within the spirit and broad scope of the inch sheet prepared as in Example 3 was smoothed appended claims. onto a fabric by hand in the manner that one might I claim: spread a napkin onto his lap. This was done with seven 1. In combination, a fabric garment containing natudlfferent fabrics with the microfiber layer contacting 15 ral fibers and a protective cover attached to said fabric the fabrlc. The composites were hung vertically from a garment, llne, suspended by the fabrics only, and the time the improvement wherein said protective cover is of elapsed before they dropped was measured. A conveninterbonded, multi-layer construction having as a tlonal paper Kleenex dinner napkin was included as a first surface in contact with said garment, a layer control. substantially composed of generally discontinuous, Table I describes the results of these tests: thermoplastic, hydrophobic microfibers having an Table I average fiber diameter of from about 2 microns to about 6 microns and a basis weight in the range of Protective Fabric Type Covering Time Elapsed from 0.5 to grams per square meter and, as an exposed second surface, a layer havln-g a basis i883: g ss 3 2 weight of from about 10 to 60 grams per square [00% Rayon 5 meter substantially composed of absorbent cellu- 100% Flax 5 losic fibers, 100% Jute 5 h b 100% Acrylic 5 sa1 protective cover avlng aqueous lqLlI arrler 65% Polyester, Cotton 5 30 propertles and a tendency to cllng to sald fabric 100% Cotton Conventional dinner napkin Less than arment d resist di lacement d i normal I second g p g 100% Rayon use. 2. In combination, an article of furniture having a Test terminated after 5 hours fabric outer material containing natural fibers and a protective cover attached to said fabric, Table II Basis Handleometert 2) Tensile( 3) Energy( 3) Sample NO. Plies Weight Bulk(l) MD CD MD CD MD CD g/m inches in grams/3" g. g.

Example 3 2 31.2 0.0099 7.4 5.4 2048 1323 2836 3240 Kleenex 2 3L5 0.0105 l5.2 95 I824 528 795 I60 Dinner Napkin Kleenex 2 35.0 0.0220 9.9 8.9 l9l8 639 990 265 Boutique Napkin (I )As measured on the Ames Bulk Tester Model No. l3

(3)Tensile and energy measurements made with The lnstron Universal Test Instrument F.S. 10,000 grams Example 1 setting CT 20"lmin. CM 20"min. Jaw span 4" Kleenex Dinner Napkin F.S. 5,000 Kleenex Boutique Napkin PIS. 5,000 I The barrier properties of webs produced in accorthe improvement wherein said protective cover is of dance with this invention are also superior to cellulosic webs and comparable to film laminates with a Mason Jar test rating in excess of 30 minutes. The properties of drapability, strength and softness are shown by Table II to be improved, in general, in the composites of this invention. Since no supplemental bonding is required between the layers of microfibers and cellulosic fibers the desirable properties of each layer may be retained or enhanced. When appropriate, however, these composite webs may be treated as by means of wet strength resins, adhesives, or other finishes, for example, to develop specific properties in the same manner as used for conventional disposable or limited use materials.

interbonded, multi-layer construction having as a first surface in contact with said fabric, a layer substantially composed of generally discontinuous, thermoplastic, hydrophobic microfibers having an average fiber diameter of from about 2 microns to about 6 microns and a basis weight in the range of from 0.5 to 30 grams per square meter and, as an exposed second surface, a layer having a basis weight of from about 10 to 60 grams per square meter substantially composed of absorbent cellulosic fibers,

said protective cover having aqueous liquid barrier properties and a tendency to cling to said fabric and resist displacement during normal use.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2768247 *Apr 22, 1952Oct 23, 1956Socony Mobil Oil Co IncStabilized low frequency amplifier with drift correction
US3016599 *Jun 1, 1954Jan 16, 1962Du PontMicrofiber and staple fiber batt
US3097991 *Jun 10, 1957Jul 16, 1963Union Carbide CorpSynthetic fibrous products
US3180335 *Jul 17, 1961Apr 27, 1965Procter & GambleDisposable diaper
US3251360 *Mar 1, 1962May 17, 1966Melges Frederick JGynecology or lithotomy drape
US3310459 *Jul 20, 1964Mar 21, 1967Grace W R & CoMethod of forming a latex impregnated cellulosic water-laid web for use as a surgical drape
US3410266 *Jun 24, 1966Nov 12, 1968Johnson & JohnsonSurgical apparel
US3416526 *Dec 6, 1966Dec 17, 1968Parke Davis & CoNon-adherent bandage pad
US3484330 *Apr 28, 1966Dec 16, 1969Kimberly Clark CoDisposable fabric
US3485705 *Nov 8, 1966Dec 23, 1969Johnson & JohnsonNonwoven fabric and method of manufacturing the same
US3503391 *Feb 14, 1967Mar 31, 1970Melges Frederick JNon-woven surgical shield or cover member
US3509009 *Feb 6, 1967Apr 28, 1970Freudenberg Carl KgNon-woven fabric
US3530023 *Aug 25, 1965Sep 22, 1970Scott Paper CoLaminated sheet material and methods of making such material
US3532800 *Mar 10, 1969Oct 6, 1970Minnesota Mining & MfgExtra high voltage oil-impregnated synthetic paper insulation and cable
US3561440 *Sep 23, 1968Feb 9, 1971Bard Inc C RSelf-adhering tabs for surgical drapes and garments
US3595235 *May 16, 1969Jul 27, 1971Georgia Pacific CorpMultilayer absorbent pad
US3619816 *Jan 29, 1970Nov 16, 1971Chemed CorpContoured neck towel
US3647594 *Jan 20, 1970Mar 7, 1972Freudenberg Carl KgProcess for producing artificial leather
US3654059 *Sep 15, 1969Apr 4, 1972Allison C CollardDisposable covering
US3674613 *Mar 4, 1971Jul 4, 1972Pierre LavigneComposite moisture-tight structure of absorbent tissue bonded to an impermeable thermoplastic material
US3695985 *Jul 29, 1970Oct 3, 1972Kimberly Clark CoHigh bulk laminates
US3704198 *Oct 9, 1969Nov 28, 1972Exxon Research Engineering CoNonwoven polypropylene mats of increased strip tensile strength
US3837995 *Apr 24, 1972Sep 24, 1974Kimberly Clark CoAutogenously bonded composite web
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3967623 *Jun 30, 1975Jul 6, 1976Johnson & JohnsonDisposable absorbent pad
US4012550 *Nov 14, 1975Mar 15, 1977Frank Gabriel HollanderTiered interlining for garments
US4041942 *Jun 15, 1976Aug 16, 1977American Hospital Supply CorporationSurgical drape
US4056281 *Dec 1, 1976Nov 1, 1977Acme Mills CompanyDisposable back seat headrest cover
US4075382 *May 27, 1976Feb 21, 1978The Procter & Gamble CompanyDisposable nonwoven surgical towel and method of making it
US4134152 *May 20, 1977Jan 16, 1979Gerald Roy PierreApron and method for precious metal recovery
US4145464 *Oct 15, 1976Mar 20, 1979Scott Paper CompanyAbsorbent articles
US4147574 *Jul 6, 1977Apr 3, 1979Mitsubishi Rayon Company, LimitedSuede-like sheet materials and method of producing the same
US4205108 *May 12, 1977May 27, 1980Firma Carl FreudenbergSurface finished fabric
US4230113 *Jul 17, 1978Oct 28, 1980Khusal MehtaInfant's diaper
US4268340 *Mar 7, 1979May 19, 1981Colgate-Palmolive CompanyMethod of forming an absorbent article
US4275105 *Jun 16, 1978Jun 23, 1981The Buckeye Cellulose CorporationStabilized rayon web and structures made therefrom
US4331730 *May 4, 1981May 25, 1982American Can CompanyFibrous web structure
US4350246 *Apr 21, 1980Sep 21, 1982The Hartford CorporationReleasable surgical products and process of formation thereof
US4378431 *Sep 2, 1980Mar 29, 1983The University Of N.C. At Chapel HillProduction of a cellulose-synthetic polymer composite fiber
US4504977 *Apr 29, 1983Mar 19, 1985King Mary KDisposable zoned surgical gown
US4504978 *Apr 29, 1983Mar 19, 1985Gregory Jr Paul EDisposable surgical gown sleeve
US4537822 *Feb 6, 1984Aug 27, 1985Toyo Boseki Kabushiki KaishaThree-layered fabric material
US4551377 *May 9, 1983Nov 5, 1985ChicopeeAbsorbent pads
US4586606 *Oct 28, 1983May 6, 1986The Kendall CompanyNonwoven fabric
US4619649 *Apr 30, 1984Oct 28, 1986Joan RobertsDisposable toddler training panty
US4622698 *Apr 19, 1985Nov 18, 1986Eleanor HeymanDisposable bib
US4660225 *Aug 23, 1985Apr 28, 1987Beatrice KahnOrnamental bib
US4722296 *Jan 28, 1987Feb 2, 1988Bowskill Mary JDisposable protective shield for handle of illumination device intended for medical and/or dental purposes
US4753843 *May 1, 1986Jun 28, 1988Kimberly-Clark CorporationAbsorbent, protective nonwoven fabric
US4795669 *Nov 9, 1987Jan 3, 1989Bowskill Mary JDisposable protective shield for handle of illumination device
US4818600 *Dec 9, 1987Apr 4, 1989Kimberly-Clark CorporationLatex coated breathable barrier
US4837078 *Dec 17, 1987Jun 6, 1989Hercules IncorporatedWet/dry wipes
US4884299 *Mar 8, 1985Dec 5, 1989Connie RoseDisposable bibs, packaging and affixing tabs
US4894280 *Dec 21, 1987Jan 16, 1990Kimberly-Clark CorporationFlexible, tear resistant composite sheet material and a method for producing the same
US4924527 *Jan 23, 1989May 15, 1990Hintermeyer Marian GGarment protector
US4980927 *Dec 16, 1988Jan 1, 1991Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyAdherent protective collars
US4991232 *Jun 27, 1989Feb 12, 1991Standard Textile Company, Inc.Surgical gown and method of making same
US5062158 *Jan 5, 1989Nov 5, 1991Toray Industries, Inc.Protective sheets having self-adhesive property used for wearing on clothes and keeping them clean
US5066348 *Dec 4, 1989Nov 19, 1991James River CorporationMethod of making a flannelized film
US5082707 *Feb 7, 1990Jan 21, 1992Fazio Michele PDisposable beach towel
US5123113 *Feb 8, 1991Jun 23, 1992Smith Mary EBody portion protecting means
US5155867 *May 23, 1991Oct 20, 1992W. L. Gore & Associates, Inc.Protective undergarment
US5171238 *Mar 16, 1989Dec 15, 1992The Transzonic CompaniesAbsorbent pad with fibrous facing sheet
US5247933 *Oct 7, 1991Sep 28, 1993Callahan Philip SPhotonic ionic cloth radio amplifier
US5346278 *Aug 26, 1993Sep 13, 1994Dehondt Jacques HNon-slip cushion
US5462538 *Dec 16, 1993Oct 31, 1995Mcneil-Ppc, Inc.Molten adhesive fibers and products made therefrom
US5534346 *Jul 11, 1994Jul 9, 1996Robinson; Wilbur D.Attachable thin film prophylactic barrier
US5542121 *Jun 30, 1994Aug 6, 1996Dale StrohlDispensable, disposable reversible forearm protector
US5552200 *Apr 18, 1995Sep 3, 1996Gureff; ArnoldPaper napkin
US5644793 *Feb 20, 1996Jul 8, 1997Dale StrohlDispensible, disposable reversible forearm protector
US5661851 *Apr 1, 1996Sep 2, 1997Sanchez; OmarDisposable bib
US5673433 *Dec 13, 1994Oct 7, 1997Minnesota Mining & Manufacturing CompanyGarment having barrier layer adhered thereto
US5715542 *Jun 20, 1996Feb 10, 1998The Procter & Gamble CompanyBib having an improved fastener
US5774890 *Jan 18, 1996Jul 7, 1998Shah; SarojPersonal sanitary barrier device
US5802610 *Dec 3, 1996Sep 8, 1998Burr; Susan GreyMulti-layer disposable bib
US5806925 *May 13, 1996Sep 15, 1998Hanley; Mark G.Breathable protective seat cover
US5822792 *Jul 30, 1997Oct 20, 1998The Procter & Gamble CompanyBib having an improved neck opening
US5834385 *Apr 5, 1996Nov 10, 1998Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.Oil-sorbing article and methods for making and using same
US5887278 *Jan 31, 1997Mar 30, 1999The Procter & Gamble CompanyDisposable bib having notched tear resistance
US5896603 *Dec 18, 1997Apr 27, 1999Klear-Vu CorporationArticles with gripping surfaces
US5963986 *Aug 26, 1998Oct 12, 1999Deppen; Juanita M.Disposable cape
US6058506 *Jun 17, 1997May 9, 2000The Procter & Gamble CompanyBib having improved pocket
US6079062 *Oct 1, 1997Jun 27, 2000Mullin; Kevin M.Infection control sleeve for a patient lift
US6125471 *Apr 14, 1998Oct 3, 2000The Procter & Gamble CompanyDisposable bib having an extensible neck opening
US6136422 *Apr 5, 1996Oct 24, 2000Eatern Pulp & Paper CorporationSpray bonded multi-ply tissue
US6155637 *Nov 9, 1999Dec 5, 2000Waters; AbbySlipcover for glider rockers
US6212717Feb 1, 1999Apr 10, 2001Klear-Vu CorporationArticles with gripping surfaces
US6254582Jan 23, 1998Jul 3, 2001Mcneil-Ppc, Inc.Absorbent product provided in roll form
US6266820Apr 14, 1998Jul 31, 2001The Procter & Gamble CompanyDisposable bib having stretchable shoulder extensions
US6309017 *Sep 18, 2000Oct 30, 2001Greg MiddletonRemovable seat cover
US6312051 *Dec 14, 1999Nov 6, 2001Christina L. AdamsMoisture dispersing seat cover for a wheelchair
US6363530Oct 10, 1997Apr 2, 2002The Procter & Gamble CompanyDisposable bib
US6492307 *Jul 7, 2000Dec 10, 2002Kao CorporationPersonal cleansing sheet
US6524290Dec 15, 2000Feb 25, 2003Mcneil-Ppc, Inc.Multifunctional absorbent article
US6605014 *May 14, 2001Aug 12, 2003Unitta CompanyToothed belt
US6607630Jan 31, 2001Aug 19, 2003Little Rapids CorporationPrint bonded multi-ply tissue
US6631950Aug 6, 2001Oct 14, 2003Balanced Health, Inc.Protective cover for a high chair
US6635134Aug 29, 2000Oct 21, 2003Eastern Pulp & Paper Corp.Method of producing a spray bonded multi-ply tissue product
US6990686 *Aug 7, 2002Jan 31, 2006Scott William PalmerProtective garment for caregivers of infants and small children
US7179951Oct 7, 2002Feb 20, 2007The Procter & Gamble CompanyAbsorbent barrier structures having a high convective air flow rate and articles made therefrom
US7291763Mar 20, 2006Nov 6, 2007The Procter And Gamble CompanyAbsorbent barrier structures having a high convective air flow rate and articles made therefrom
US7387335Jun 12, 2007Jun 17, 2008Marylegs Corp.Disposable chair cover and method of using
US7424749Sep 28, 2007Sep 16, 2008Edmak LimitedDisposable dribble bib
US7493736 *Jan 3, 2002Feb 24, 2009Sanders CorporationConcrete slab protector
US7506928May 16, 2008Mar 24, 2009Marylegs Corp.Disposable chair cover and method of using
US7594279 *Sep 15, 2006Sep 29, 2009Laura RoyIncontinence dress
US7604007 *May 5, 2004Oct 20, 2009Microtek Medical, Inc.Integrated operating room sheet system and method for using the same
US7748054Feb 18, 2008Jul 6, 2010Silvia AraquistainDisposable over-garment
US7799169Nov 22, 2004Sep 21, 2010Georgia-Pacific Consumer Products LpMulti-ply paper product with moisture strike through resistance and method of making the same
US7992568Sep 10, 2009Aug 9, 2011Microtek Medical, Inc.Integrated operating room sheet system and method for using the same
US8025764Aug 31, 2010Sep 27, 2011Georgia-Pacific Consumer Products LpMulti-ply paper product with moisture strike through resistance and method of making the same
US8216424Nov 13, 2009Jul 10, 2012Georgia-Pacific Consumer Products LpMulti-ply paper product with moisture strike through resistance and method of making the same
US8506756Mar 4, 2009Aug 13, 2013Sca Tissue FranceEmbossed sheet comprising a ply of water-soluble material and method for manufacturing such a sheet
US8689371 *Dec 1, 2010Apr 8, 2014Wintrell PittmanHygienic bench towel
US8763181 *Apr 4, 2011Jul 1, 2014Michael PenfoldMultipurpose mat
US8771466Jul 2, 2013Jul 8, 2014Sca Tissue FranceMethod for manufacturing an embossed sheet comprising a ply of water-soluble material
US9024107Apr 4, 2013May 5, 2015Tonya D. PeroAbsorbent and impermeable seat insert
US9302603 *Mar 24, 2015Apr 5, 2016Martell KnightSeat covering
US9615892Dec 4, 2009Apr 11, 2017MRI Interventions, Inc.Surgical drapes with patches to provide ports
US20030065298 *Oct 7, 2002Apr 3, 2003The Procter & Gamble CompanyAbsorbent barrier structures having a high convective air flow rate and articles made therefrom
US20030213042 *Mar 10, 2003Nov 20, 2003Mccloskey EdwardDisposable dribble bib
US20040025220 *Aug 7, 2002Feb 12, 2004Palmer Scott WilliamProtective garment for caregivers of infants and small children
US20040060664 *Sep 30, 2003Apr 1, 2004Eastern Pulp And Paper Corporation, A Massachusetts CorporationApparatus for spray-bonding tissue
US20040092187 *Jul 6, 2001May 13, 2004Frederique FavierThermal protection fabric
US20040189066 *Mar 25, 2004Sep 30, 2004Beaty James T.Sanitary, portable and disposable cover for shopping cart handles and surrounding cart framework
US20040262964 *Feb 25, 2004Dec 30, 2004Ryan Sandra AnneDisposable chair cover
US20060160452 *Mar 20, 2006Jul 20, 2006Mirle Srinivas KAbsorbent barrier structures having a high convective air flow rate and articles made therefrom
US20070083976 *Sep 15, 2006Apr 19, 2007Laura RoyIncontinence dress
US20070096521 *Apr 3, 2006May 3, 2007Williams-Johnson Carolyn FrancCadhesive No.2005
US20070113313 *Jan 16, 2007May 24, 2007Mccloskey EdwardDisposable dribble bib
US20070246980 *Apr 14, 2006Oct 25, 2007Bullocks Sara EPhlebotomists chair cover
US20080201815 *Feb 5, 2008Aug 28, 2008Michael BarclayBaby burp cloth
US20080216844 *Nov 23, 2007Sep 11, 2008Cheryl OlfertSterile draping for the bore of a medical imaging system
US20080231096 *Mar 21, 2007Sep 25, 2008Arnel Edwin Doria RomeroMulti-Layered Covering Article
US20090039689 *Aug 6, 2007Feb 12, 2009Laura SmithDisposable headrest sheet and attachment means
US20090200818 *Mar 30, 2006Aug 13, 2009Airbus Deutschland GmbhRetention System and Cover for This With an Integrated Retention Function
US20090205098 *Feb 18, 2008Aug 20, 2009Silvia AraquistainDisposable Over-Garment
US20090320857 *Sep 10, 2009Dec 31, 2009Microtek Medical, IncIntegrated operating room sheet system and method for using the same
US20120007390 *Jul 2, 2011Jan 12, 2012Kimberly Ann HartHighchair lap bib
US20120137431 *Dec 1, 2010Jun 7, 2012Wintrell PittmanHygienic bench towel
US20170303698 *Apr 20, 2016Oct 26, 2017Ian HowieAntimicrobial Article
USD661845 *Sep 2, 2009Jun 12, 2012DMJ Group, Inc.Pet towel
USH1738 *Jan 5, 1995Jul 7, 1998The Procter & Gamble CompanyTear resistant disposable bib
EP1987948A1Jul 27, 2004Nov 5, 2008Orlandi S.p.A.Handkerchiefs in non-woven fabric
WO2000011978A1 *Aug 24, 1999Mar 9, 2000Deppen Juanita MDisposable cape
WO2001092619A2 *May 31, 2001Dec 6, 2001Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.A protective cover article
WO2001092619A3 *May 31, 2001Apr 25, 2002Kimberly Clark CoA protective cover article
WO2003007760A1 *Oct 8, 2001Jan 30, 2003Gallego Maria Isabel CervantesCover for back supports, seats and support surfaces of sports appliances
WO2005012618A1 *Jul 27, 2004Feb 10, 2005Orlandi S.P.A.Handkerchiefs in non-woven fabric
WO2008017408A1 *Aug 1, 2007Feb 14, 2008Hans-Peter FischerSeat cover supply, method for producing and using a seat cover from such a seat cover supply
U.S. Classification2/46, 428/481, 428/507, 5/500, 2/243.1, 297/219.1, 428/906, 297/227, 604/370, 2/114, 128/849, 297/220, 428/511, 604/375, 442/320, 604/365
International ClassificationA47G11/00, D04H1/42, A47C31/10, A41B13/10
Cooperative ClassificationA41B13/10, Y10S428/906, A47C31/113, A47G11/002, D04H1/42, A41B2400/52
European ClassificationA41B13/10, A47G11/00N2, D04H1/42, A47C31/11D