US 3917100 A
Material for cap liners in the form of a sandwich and so arranged that a compressible intermediate layer of relatively great thickness is disposed between two relatively thin non-resilient layers. The intermediate layer can be squeezed beyond the periphery of the material for making a better seal.
Claims available in
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Umted States Patent 11 1 1111 3,917,100
Dukess Nov. 4, 1975 1 CLOSURE WITH ROTATABLE LAYERED 2,039,757 5/1936 Von Till 215/350 x LINER 2,188,942 2/1940 Eisen 215/347 2,626,073 l/l953 Miller Zl5/347 X Inventor: J p Dukess, 931 Greacen Pomt, 3,202,308 8/1965 Botkin 215/347 x Mamaroneck, N.Y. 10543 3,463,339 8/1969 MCGuCkin 215/275 X Filed: J 1974 3,471,051 10/1969 Cistone 215/329 X  Appl' 482,417 Primary Examiner-Donald F. Norton Related s, A li ti Data Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Kenneth S. Goldfarb  Division of Ser. No. 164,658, July 21, 1971, Pat. No.
57 ABSTRACT  US. Cl. 215/329; 215/347; 215/350 M t i l f ap liners in the form of a sandwich and lift. GL2 so arranged a compressible intermediate layer of Field 0f Search 3 347, relatively great thickness is disposed between two rela- 220/304 tively thin non-resilient layers. The intermediate layer can be squeezed beyond the periphery of the material  References Cited for making a better seal.
UNITED STATES PATENTS v 1,431,871 10/1922 Burnet 215/347 x 5 i 7 Draw; F'gures U.S. Patent Nov. 4, 1975 3,917,100
. 1 FIG. 7
CLOSURE WITH ROTATABLE LAYERED LINER REFERENCE-To RELATED APPLICATION This application is a division of application Serf o. l64,658. filed July 2.l 19 71 for MATERIAL FOR CAP liner, now IJ.S. Pat. .No. 3,819,460. t
DESCRIPTION 'OF THE PRIOR ART g I Various types of cap..constructid ns utilizing,- liners have been devised in the past. These liners are employed to seal the contents of the container preventing leaking between the threaded portions of .a container neck and the cap by providing for a positive seal atthe mouth of the container.Such;previous capconstructions and.line rs-an'dmaterial us,ed,for liners therefor have been a compromise b etween the requirement that the liner material be stress and crack resistant while also being moisture impervious and, impervious to chemicals and acids, yet. being bendable and :comprssible enough to provide for an effective seal. The present invention overcomes the difficulties of the prior art liner materialandlhasall of the advantages of these prior materials without the corresponding disadvantages. A further advantage of the liner according to the present invention is that liners are capable of being stamped out of stock liner material without freezing SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION One of the features of the invention resides in liner material capable of forming a liner that is freely rotatable within the cap until such time as the mouth of the container is firmly against the liner compressing the liner so that an intermediate layer of the liner is compressed and expands outwardly thereby abutting against the side walls of the cap for making a most effective seal.
A further object of the invention resides in the production of a liner material that is capable of being extruded as a multi-layer sandwich.
Still further, objects and features of this invention resides in the provision of a cap and liner therefor that is capable of being extruded by conventional machinery and which can be conveniently stamped to shape without requiring freezing thereby permitting manufacture at a relatively low cost, and which is highly effective in use.
These, together with the various ancillary objects and features of this invention, which will become apparent as the following description proceeds, are attained by this liner material, a preferred embodiment of which is illustrated in the accompanying drawing, by way of example only, wherein:
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING FIG. 1 is an exploded sectional detail view illustrating the cap and liner therefor made from liner material according to the invention;
FIG. 2 is a sectional detail view showing the cap liner therefor in a stage of being secured on the neck of a container;
FIG. 3 is an enlarged vertical detail view illustrating a portion of the cap and liner therefor as firmly secured on a container;
FIG. 4 is a partial sectional view of the liner material;
FIG. 5 is a view similar to FIG. 4 but showing the shape of the liner after it has been compressed when the cap has been tightly closed on the container;
FlG. 6 is a-sectional view of a modification; and FIG. 7 is a sectional detail view of a modified form ofliner material.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION 'oF- THE PREFERRED I EMBODIMENT With continuing-reference to the accompanying drawing, wherein 'like reference numerals designate neck IZ'wliichis threaded at 14. In order to provide'a I closure. for the container l0 a cap 16 is employed which includes cylindrical side walls 18 which are inter- 24 is'formed as 'theiippermo'st of the threads 20 and is for the purpose of receiving therein a liner 26. The, cap
16 isl'pre'ferably molded out of any suitable synthetic plastie materialand is adapted to be threadedly secured on the neck} 12 "with the threads 20 engaging the. threads 14.
The liner 26, see FIG. 4, is from a liner material in accordance with the invention formed of a sandwich of outer layers 28, and 30, and an innerlayer 32, the liner 26 preferably being stamped in the shape of a disc. The outer layers 28 and 30 are formed ofa low density polyethylene, such as that sold inder the trademark Alathion 20." This material is stress resistant, crack resistant, relatively non-resilient, impervious and is extruded in a very thin layer in the order of approximately 1% onethousandths of an inch. The intermediate layer 32 is a thermoplastic rubber like material such as butylene in polyethylene known as pliothene, or other resilient material such as ethylene vinyl acetate or the material sold under the trademark Karton, which is a thermoplastic rubber. Particularly, this material is resilient though not necessarily as resistant to stress and cracks/or as impervious to foreign substances as the material of the outer layers 28 and 30. When the sandwich is manufactured by way of simultaneous multiple extrusion, the outer layers 28 and 30 are extruded at a temperature approximately 300 to 400F while the intermediate layer 32 is extruded at approximately 220 to 320F. The various layers are brought together within a combination dye and at about 300F for bonding within the combination dye. The resultant sheet material has a much increased resistance to distortion or stress, can be stamped without freezing and is impervious to chemicals and acids as well as moisture.
When the disc 26 is inserted in the groove 24 in a normal state it will freely rotate therein permitting for effective setting of the disc 26 within the groove 24 and effective engagement of the mouth 15 of the container 10 against the under surface 34 of the layer 30. Continued closure of the cap 16 will cause the resilient intermediate layer 32 to be compressed exuding a tongue 36 beyond the peripheral edges of the outer layers 28 and 30 and as shown in FIG. 3 against the inner wall of the groove 24 frictionally sealing the liner 26 with the cap 16. Thus, there is achieved an inner effective seal and closure for the contents of the container 10 than heretofore possible to achieve while retaining all of the desirable features of the non-resilient low density polye thylene which is used for the outer layers, and which are relatively thin so as to permit for an effectively resilient liner.
lt has been found that for the liner material according to the invention it is desirable that the intermediate layer 32 be between 12 to 30 times the normal width of each of the outer layers 28 and 30.
In FIGS. 6 and 7 there is shown a modified form of the invention wherein a two-ply liner is used. The cap has its top 122 serve as the upper outer liner, there being only an intermediate liner 132 and a lower outer liner 130.
In connection with the two ply liner, it has been found that the intermediate layer may be made of a foamed polyethylene and may be from 12 to 40 times the thickness of the-outer layer. The use of foamed polyethylene results in a saving of material. The foamed polyethylene may be bonded by any suitable adhesive to the undersurface of the top of the cap as desired.
A latitude of modification, substitution and change is intended in the foregoing disclosure, and in some instances some features of the invention will be employed without a corresponding use of other features.
1. A closure device comprising a cap having a top and an internally threaded cylindrical side wall, said side wall having a groove therein adjacent said top, a liner normally rotatably disposed in said groove and including a disc having one outer layer and an intermediate layer and bonded thereto, said outer layer being relatively thin and non-resilient, said intermediate layer being resilient and being compressible to form a lip extending beyond the periphery of said outer layer and into engagement with said side wall in said groove, said intermediate layer being relatively thick.
2. A closure device according to claim 1, wherein said intermediate layer is from 12 to 40 times the thickness of said outer layer.
3. A closure device according to claim 2, wherein said outer layer is of a low density polyethylene, said intermediate layer being engageable with said top and being of a thermoplastic rubberlike material.
4. A closure device according to claim 3, wherein said intermediate layer is of ethylene vinyl acetate copolymer.
5. A closure device according to claim 2, wherein said intermediate layer is of foamed polyethylene.