|Publication number||US3918752 A|
|Publication date||Nov 11, 1975|
|Filing date||Apr 11, 1974|
|Priority date||Apr 11, 1974|
|Publication number||US 3918752 A, US 3918752A, US-A-3918752, US3918752 A, US3918752A|
|Inventors||Adolph A Leone, Joseph T Polese, Richard Polese|
|Original Assignee||Adolph A Leone, Joseph T Polese, Richard Polese|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (5), Referenced by (31), Classifications (10)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
r 5] Nov. 11, 1975 A United States Patent [191 Leone et a1.
41. 7 7998 1/// /007 2779 9 .1- 2 H mmmm f Hun J mmmm 0v NH H H n a "nu" Q .m h S H n e Ci fi uhce e OQHH b DRFF N. 2848 2.4106 n 0,999 M NH w 403.8 I l I D SAJ LL 4579 w n 47.5 H 5528 H 0 .3 n 233 P  SAFETY LOCKING DEVICE  Inventors: Adolph A. Leone, 800 Ravenhill Place, Ridgefield, NJ. 07657; Joseph T. Polese, 721 Carleton Road; Richard Polese, 534 Hort St., both of Westfield, NJ. 07090 Apr. 11, 1974 ABSTRACT  Filed:
A safety locking device for enclosures having doors. panels and drawers as entrance means comprising a detent mechanism attached to the enclosure body and Appl No.: 459,880
a safety latch mechanism attached to the movable enclosure entrance means arranged such that the detent mechanism coacts with the safety latching mechanism to permit the enclosure entrance means to be opened partially. but no further until the safety latching mechanism is properly manipulated from the outside of the enclosure once the mechanism is exposed by partial opening.
2 2" d ;2 e n30 t 7 3 1 o W C M ml 3 2 C 2/ 7. H n u e m 9 r. m mm R R u m L h C 10 d S Ld I I] U .mF l 1.] 1. Z 8 6 5 55 5 rt [.1 .1
UNITED STATES PATENTS 1 Claim, 3 Drawing Figures 1,015,338 1/1912 Peel....................... 292/57 Sheet 1 of2 US. Patent Nov. 11, 1975 US. Patent Nov. 11, 1975 Sheet 2 of2 3,918,752
SAFETY LOCKING DEVICE BACKGROUND OF'INVENTION Numerous accidental poisonings and other types of injuries occur to infants because they gain access to dangerous drugs and chemicals which are stored in and around the average dwelling. Considerable effort has been made to prevent.children from gaining access to containers of various sorts by making the container caps difficult to open. The object of this invention is to prevent infants from gaining access to dangerous chemicals and drugs rather than to prevent their opening containers once access is accomplished.
The prior art teaches that latch members can be arranged to be sufficiently exposed by partial opening of a drawer or door so that the latch member may be manually sprung to bring a hook member out of engagement with a pin member thereby permitting the drawer or door to be fully opened. US. Pat. Nos. 3,381,992 and 3,397,001 show two variations of that concept. Un-
fortunately, all such prior art creates a hazard in that i the latching member protrudes into the working space of the drawer or door poised to catch on clothing or inflict injury to the user, unless unusual care is taken to avoid theprojecting latch member. Also, such prior art contends that small children are not capable of manipulating the latch members. This contention is dubious in view of the simple nature-of the prior art latches.
A primary object of this invention is to provide a safetylo cking device which is not hazardous to operate and which has a truly child-proof safety latching mechanism.
' SUMMARY OF INVENTION Using this invention on medicine cabinets and chemical and other dangerous itemstorage enclosures involves opening the enclosure entrance means'until the invention restrains further opening. This partially opened position would be insufficient for an infant to gain access to the enclosure but would be sufficient for an adult to reach into the partially opened enclosure and to manipulate the safety latching mechanism of this invention, thereby releasing the locking device to access the enclosure. When the enclosure is reclosed, the safety locking device of this invention automatically resets itself for another cycle. I
The invention comprises two mechanisms which constitute the safety locking device. The first mechanism is a safety latching mechanism and the second is a safety detent mechanism. The detent mechanism isflrmly affixed to the inside of the enclosure and is arranged to coact with the latching mechanism which is affixed to the opening portion of the enclosure, such as a door, drawer or panel. In sample operation using a door, closing of the door engages the barb portion of a slidable detent member in the detent mechanism with a floating slide latch member of the latching mechanism affixed to the door. As the door and latching mechanism combination is opened, the detent slidable member barb remains engaged with the latching mechanism floating slide latch and such engagement'cause's the detent slidable member to slide until its full lengthis extended. At
this point the door is partly opened but'can open no further until an inter-locking slide latch and safety in ter-lock are manipulated in a predetermined manner by a person who reaches through the partially opened door to access the safety locking device. Once the safety inter-lock and inter-locking slide latch are properly manipulated, the detent slidable member barb will be disengaged from the floating slide latch of the latching mechanism and the dor will be free to open to its full extent. Upon reclosure of the door the detent slidable member barb re-engages the latching mechanism floating slide latch and the aforementioned process must be repeated to reaccess the enclosure.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a fragmentary perspective view of the safety detent mechanism and the safety latching mechanism in a drawer enclosure application with the safety locking device open and the drawer extended.
FIG. 2 is a perspective view of the safety latching mechanism of FIG. 1, shown in cross section along Plane AA of FIG. 1.
FIG. 3 is a disassembled perspective view of the safety locking device.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS Referring now in detail to the various views of the drawings, FIG. 1 shows a cut away of an open drawer. The safety latching mechanism is firmly affixed to the drawer by means of back plate 1 and the safety detent mechanism is firmly attached to the drawer housing by means of detent housing]. Cover 5 of the latching mechanism encloses numerous coacting members. Cover 5 is firmly affixed to backplate l. Interlocking slide latch 2, safety inter lock3, and floating slide latch 4, are more fully described in the description of subsequent drawings. Detent 6, which is housed in detent housing 7 is slidably engaged therewith to permit motion as shown by the arrows adjacent to detent 6. Said detent 6 has stops to prevent disengagement from detent housing 7 and can be arranged with bias means such as a spring to return detent 6 to a position with its barb end retracted. I
FIG. 2 shows a cross section of the safety latching mechanism of FIG. 1 with cross sectioning along Plane AA. In this figure, cover 5 and back plate 1 form an enclosure for various sliding members including interlocking slide latch 2 which projects beyond the end of cover 5 in an L shape such thatit may be manipulated from outside by anindividual wishing to open the safety locking device. Arrows indicating the direction of motion of the inter-locking slide latch are shown at its portion which projects beyond the cover 5. Safety interlock 3 is arranged with a projecting key portion shown in FIG. 3 and a safety interlock spring 9, such that when no external force is applied to safety inter-lock 3, spring 9 forces it to a normal position which locks interlocking slide latch 2 thus preventing said inter-locking slide latch 2 from moving in any direction. However, when safety inter-lock 3 is caused to travel transversely as shown by its associated arrow, sufficient transverse motion enables a simultaneous application of force on inter-lock slide latch 2 to cause translation of inter-lock slide latch 2 such that floating slide latch spring 8 is compressed. By virtue of the interconnection of interlocking slide latch 2 and floating slide latch 4 adjacent floating slide latch spring 8 translation of inter-locking slide latch 2 results in an equal translational displacement of floating slide latch 4. Displacement of floating slide latch 4 thereby disengages the barb of detent 6 from'the mating portion of floating slide latch opening 14, thereby releasing the safety latch mechanism from the safety detent mechanism.
FIG. 3 shows cover latch opening ll through which the barb of detent 6 projects and engages the edge of floating slide latch opening 14. In addition. safety interlock notch on cover 5 is shown. but its counterpart on the symmetrically opposite side of cover 5 is not shown. For the first time safety inter-lock 3 is shown in complete detail. including safety inter-lock key projection 13 which engages inter-locking slide latch key opening 12 of inter-locking slide latch 2. From these figures it should be apparent that when force is applied to safety inter-lock 3 in either direction and subsequent force is applied to inter-locking slide latch 2 in a direction such that floating slide latch spring 8 is compressed. then floating slide latch 4 disengages the barb of detent 6 and enables the safety locking mechanism to be freely moved away from the safety detent mecha' nism. When external force is no longer applied to safety inter-lock 3 and inter-locking slide latch 2, floating slide latch spring 8 urges inter-locking slide latch 2 to resume its initial position. When inter-locking slide latch 2 is repositioned by spring 8. safety inter-lock 3 in turn is urged to resume its initial locking position by safety inter-lock spring 9 which forces against safety inter-lock 3 and the inside wall of cover 5 adjacent safety inter-lock notch 10. When spring 8 and spring 9 have repositioned the safety latching mechanism. it should be observed that floating slide latch 4 is again ready to engage the barb of detent 6.
A preferred embodiment of this invention comprises safety detent means attached to the enclosure arranged to coact with safety latching means attached to the openablc portion of said enclosure. which coaction permits partial opening of the enclosure. unlocking means arranged as a portion of said safety latching means. which unlocking means is reachable from outside the enclosure through said partial opening. whereby predetermined manipulation of said unlocking means disengages the safety detent means and permits complete opening of the enclosure access means.
The safety latching means comprises a backplate portion arranged to securely attach to the openable por tion of the enclosure; a cover means securely attached to said backplate portion; an interlocking slide latch member having a latch key opening therein and which interlocking slide latch member is arranged within said cover means with a portion thereof extending beyond said cover means and arranged to be manipulable from the outside of said cover means; at least one safety interlock member arranged to coact with the latch key opening portion of said interlocking slide latch member enclosed within said cover means with a manipulable portion of said safety interlock member arranged outside of said cover means; a floating slide latch member arranged within said cover means having an opening therein for receiving and engaging said slidable detent member which floating slide latch member coacts with a portion of said interlocking slide latch member such that a predetermined manipulation of both the safety interlock member and the interlocking slide latch member permits the interlocking slide latch member to coact with said floating slide latch member to release engagement of said floating slide latch member from said detent member; and bias means arrange to return the safety interlock member. interlocking slide latch member and the floating slide latch member to their initial coacting positions to effectuate resetting of the safety latching mechanism.
The unlocking means comprises at least two intert locking members which must be manipulated in a pre determined manner before said unlocking means disengages the safety detent means from the safety latching means.
The safety detent means comprises a detent housing means arranged to securely attach to the enclosure and a slidable detent member supported by said detent housing and arranged to slide back and forth through said detent housing with stops on said slidable detent member to limit its sliding motion to within a predetermined distance relative to said detent housing means.
The slidable detent member has one end arranged in the shape ofa barb to engage the safety latching means attached to the openable portion of the enclosure and a bias means is arranged to return the slidable detent member to a position such that its barb end is retracted.
The foregoing illustrations and descriptions encompassed the preferred embodiment of this invention; however. it is to be understood that there. is'no intention to limit the invention to such embodiment. Apparent variations and modifications may be made without departing from the underlying concept and scope of.
What is claimed is:
1. in a safety locking device for restraining the opening of enclosures having doors, drawers, panels and the like. having a safety detent means attached to the enclosure arranged to coact with the safety latching means attached to the openable portion of said enclosure. which coaction permits partial opening of the enclosure. unlocking means arranged as a portion of said safety latching means. which unlocking means is reachable from outside the enclosure through said partial opening. whereby predetermined manipulation of said unlocking means disengages the safety detent means and permits complete opening of the enclosure access.
means. the improvement wherein the safety latching means comprises a backplate portion arranged to securely attach to the openable portion of the enclosure; a cover means securely attached to the said backplate portion; an interlocking slide latch member having a latch key opening therein and which interlocking slide latch member is arranged within said cover means with a portion thereof extending beyond said cover means and arranged to be manipulable from the outside of said cover means; at least one safety interlock member arranged to coact with the latch key opening portion of said interlocking slide latchmember enclosed within.
member; and bias means arranged to return the safety I interlock member, interlocking slide latch member and the floating slide latch member to their initial coacting positions to effectuate resetting of the safety latching mechanism.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1015338 *||Mar 10, 1911||Jan 23, 1912||Vance W Peel||Combined latch and handle.|
|US1854646 *||Sep 12, 1930||Apr 19, 1932||Doucette Edmund James||Window sash lock|
|US2452151 *||Jan 21, 1947||Oct 26, 1948||Robins Bert D||Chain and lock mechanism|
|US3125875 *||Sep 25, 1961||Mar 24, 1964||Chain door lock|
|US3381992 *||May 31, 1966||May 7, 1968||Alfred J. Friesen||Fastening device|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4030788 *||Oct 28, 1975||Jun 21, 1977||Westinghouse Electric Corporation||Non-exposed drawer lock|
|US4239269 *||Jan 2, 1979||Dec 16, 1980||Chiang Chih Chang||Luggage lock|
|US4595993 *||May 17, 1983||Jun 17, 1986||Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha||Manually reciprocative section of an electronic apparatus|
|US4717184 *||Jun 10, 1985||Jan 5, 1988||Phil Boyce||Safety latch for drawers and the like|
|US4746152 *||Aug 27, 1987||May 24, 1988||Willcox Robert L||Door lock|
|US4980800 *||Sep 27, 1989||Dec 25, 1990||Sun Microsystems, Inc.||Electronic unit retention system|
|US5014628 *||Dec 18, 1989||May 14, 1991||Roberts Kent S||Latch mechanism|
|US5114194 *||Feb 15, 1991||May 19, 1992||Toifl Pamela G||Safety closure device for appliances|
|US5312143 *||Nov 19, 1992||May 17, 1994||Buckner Almar W||Earthquake safety cabinet latch|
|US5350087 *||Mar 12, 1993||Sep 27, 1994||Scott Paper Company||Secured disposable liquid soap dispenser|
|US5480068 *||Jun 27, 1994||Jan 2, 1996||Scott Paper Company||Secured disposable liquid soap dispenser|
|US5711554 *||May 21, 1996||Jan 27, 1998||Brk Brands, Inc.||Enclosure safety latch|
|US6173593 *||Apr 2, 1999||Jan 16, 2001||Christopher John Liermann||Concealed locking mechanism and method for use with drawers or cabinet doors or the like|
|US6588809 *||Apr 29, 2002||Jul 8, 2003||Jay S. Derman||Push-to-release cabinet door latch|
|US6764148||Jan 11, 2002||Jul 20, 2004||Home Products International, Inc.||Drawer latch mechanism|
|US6817637 *||Oct 23, 2003||Nov 16, 2004||Loctec Corporation||Self-adjusting lock assembly|
|US7695080 *||Jun 5, 2007||Apr 13, 2010||King Slide Works Co., Ltd.||Securing device for a drawer slide|
|US8191940 *||Oct 7, 2008||Jun 5, 2012||Invacare Corp.||Latching motion transfer mechanism|
|US8590073||Jun 4, 2012||Nov 26, 2013||Invacare Corporation||Latching motion transfer mechanism|
|US8979222 *||Feb 1, 2011||Mar 17, 2015||Paul Hettich Gmbh & Co. Kg||Pull-out guide of a drawer|
|US8990982 *||Nov 21, 2013||Mar 31, 2015||Invacare Corporation||Latching motion transfer mechanism|
|US8992241 *||Apr 30, 2013||Mar 31, 2015||International Business Machines Corporation||Flex circuit blind attachment apparatus and system|
|US9381126||Mar 11, 2015||Jul 5, 2016||Invacare Corporation||Latching motion transfer mechanism|
|US20070107479 *||Aug 9, 2005||May 17, 2007||Downing-Yee-Fulford, Llc||Apparatus for securing a deadbolt|
|US20080303397 *||Jun 5, 2007||Dec 11, 2008||Ken-Ching Chen||Securing device for a drawer slide|
|US20090100598 *||Oct 7, 2008||Apr 23, 2009||Invacare Corporation||Latching motion transfer mechanism|
|US20090315341 *||Jun 23, 2008||Dec 24, 2009||Willcox Robert L||Door lock|
|US20120288221 *||Feb 1, 2011||Nov 15, 2012||Paul Hettich Gmbh & Co. Kg||Pull-out guide of a drawer|
|US20140245535 *||Nov 21, 2013||Sep 4, 2014||Invacare Corporation||Latching motion transfer mechanism|
|US20140322946 *||Apr 30, 2013||Oct 30, 2014||International Business Machines Corporation||Flex circuit blind attachment apparatus and system|
|WO2004027188A1 *||Sep 8, 2003||Apr 1, 2004||Paul Hettich Gmbh & Co. Kg||Key operable closing device|
|U.S. Classification||292/174, 292/150, 292/277, 292/302, 312/333, 292/DIG.650|
|Cooperative Classification||E05B65/0014, Y10S292/65|