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Publication numberUS3918804 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 11, 1975
Filing dateJun 24, 1974
Priority dateJun 24, 1974
Publication numberUS 3918804 A, US 3918804A, US-A-3918804, US3918804 A, US3918804A
InventorsBar-On Ari
Original AssigneeXerox Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Apparatus for applying release material to a contact fuser roll member utilized in fixing toner images to support sheets
US 3918804 A
Abstract
Release material applicator structure for utilization in a heat and pressure fuser including a fuser roll structure for fixing toner images to support sheets. The release material employed is solid at room temperature and liquid at the operating temperature of the heated fuser roll structure. It is disposed in a sump and contacts the fuser roll structure. A collector bar is supported by the sump such that it is disposed adjacent to the fuser roll structure and coextensive therewith. When the liquified release material reverts back to its solid form it accumulates on the collector bar and the bar maintains contact of the release material with the fuser roll structure.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

I United States Patent Bar-0n [451 Nov. 11, 1975 [75] Inventor: Ari Bar-0n, Rochester. NY.

[73] Assignee: Xerox Corporation, Stamford.

Conn.

[22] Filed: June 24, 1974 21 App]. No.: 482,727

3.846.151 ll/l974 Roteman et al. ll'l/Zl Prilimry Examiner-Robert P. Greiner [57 ABSTRACT Release material applicator structure for utilization in a heat and pressure fuser including a fuser roll structure for fixing toner images to support sheets. The release material employed is solid at room temperature and liquid at the operating temperature of the heated fuser roll structure. It is disposed in a sump and contacts the fuser roll structure. A collector bar is a a iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii u 353/3 E326 Supported by the sump such that it is disposed adja- [58] Fieid R 30 D cent to the fuser roll structure and coextensive therel 1, with. When the liquified release material reverts back to its solid form it accumulates on the collector bar and the bar maintains contact of the release material [56] References Clted with the fuser roll structure.

UNlTED STATES PATENTS 3.324.791 6/1967 Cassano et al 355/14 x 6 Clalm5- 10 Dramng Flgures J I 33 72 I24 A28 U.S. Patent Nov. 11, 1975 Sheetlof6 3,918,804

US. Patent N0v.11, 1975 Sheet2of6 3,918,804

US. Patent Nov. 11, 1975 Sheet3of6 3,918,804

US. Patent Nov. 11, 1975 Sheet4 of6 3,918,804

IIII

"IIIA'IIIIIIII FIG. 4

Sheet 5 of 6 3,918,804

US. Patent Nov. 11, 1975 US. Patent Nov.11, 1975 Sheet6of6 3,918,804

v APPARATUS FOR APPLYING RELEASE MATERIAL TO A CONTACT FUSER ROLIL MEMBER UTILIZED IN FIXING TONER IMAGES TO SUPPORT SHEETS BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention relates generally to xerographic copyingapparatus and, more particularly, to a contact fusing system for fixing electroscopic toner material to a "support member. I In the process of xerography, a light image of an original to be copied is typically recorded in the form of a latent electrostatic image upon a photosensitive member with subsequent rendering of the latent image visible by the application ofelectroscopic marking particles, commonly referred to as toner. The visual image can be either fixed directly upon the photosensitive member or transferred from the member to a sheet of plain paper with subsequent affixing of the image toner to be absorbed to some extent into the fibers of the support member which, in many instances, constitutes plain paper. Thereafter, as the toner material cools, solidification of the toner material occurs causing the toner material to be firmly bonded to the support member. In both the xerographic as well as the electrographic recording arts, the use of thermal energy for fixing toner images onto a support member is old and well known.

One approach to thermal fusing of electroscopic toner images onto a support has been to pass the'support with the toner images thereon between a pair of opposed roller members, at least one of which is internally heated. During operation of a fusing system of this type, the support member to which the toner images are electrostatically adhered is moved through the nip formed between the rolls with the toner image contacting the fuser roll to thereby effect heating of the toner images within the nip. By controlling the heat transferred to the toner, virtually no offset of the toner particles from the copy sheet to the fuser roll is experienced under normal conditions. This is because the heat applied to the surface of the roller is insufficient to raise the temperature of the surface of the roller above the hot offset temperature of the toner whereat the toner particles in the image areas of the toner would liquify and cause a splitting action in the molten toner to thereby result in hot offset. Splitting occurs when the cohesive forces holding the viscous toner mass together is less than than the adhesive forces tending to offset it to a contacting surface such as a fuser roll.

Occasionally, however, toner particles will be offset to the fuser roll by an insufficient application of heat to the surface thereof (i.e. cold offsetting); by imperfections in the properties of the surface of the roll; or by the toner particles insufficiently adhering to the copy sheet by the electrostatic forces which normally hold them there. In such a case, toner particles may be transferred to the surface of the fuser roll with subsequent transfer to the backup roll during periods of time when no copy paper is in the nip.

Moreover, toner particles can be picked up by the fuser and/or backup roll during fusing of duplex copies or simply from the surroundings of the reproducing apparatus.

One arrangement for minimizing the foregoing problems, particularly that which is commonly referred to as offsetting has been to provide a fuser roll with an outer surface or covering of polytetrafluoroethylene, commonly known as Teflon, to which a release agent such as silicone oil is applied, the thickness of the Teflon being on the order of several mils and the thickness of the oil being less than 1 micron. Silicone based oils, which possess a relatively low surface energy, have been found to be materials that are suitable for use in the heated fuser roll environment where Teflon constitutes the outer surface of the fuser roll. In practice, a thin layer of silicone oil is applied to the surface of the heated roll to thereby form an interface between the roll surface and the toner images carried on the support material. Thus a low surface energy layer is presented to the toner as it passes through the fuser nip and thereby prevents toner from offsetting to the fuser roll surface.

A fuser roll construction of the type described above is fabricated by applying in any suitable manner a solid layer of adhesive material to a rigid core or substrate, such as the solid Teflon outer surface or covering of the aforementioned arrangement. The resulting roll structure is subject to degradation due to continued operation at elevated temperatures and'also to damage from accidental gouging by stripper fingers conventionally employed in such systems. The foregoing in many instances necessitates replacement of the fuser roll which is quite costly when a large number of machines are involved.

Moreover, since a several mil thickness of polytetrafluoroethylene along with the coating of silicone oil constitutes a poor thermal conductor, longer nip dwell and higher fu'ser roll temperatures are required to deliver the fusing energy required. Also, control of the surface temperature of the roll presents a problem due to large temperature variations occuring before and after contacting of the substrate carrying the images.

In view of the foregoing, it would appear that the high thermal conductivity and wear resistance of bare metals or similar materials wouldbe desirable for utilization in fuser roll structures, however, such materials have, heretofore, not beenfound satisfactory for such application. The latter is attributable to the very high surface energy of metals and'similar materials which renders them readily wettable by hot toner materials. Once wetted by hot toner, it has been very difficult if not impossible to remove the toner from such materials while they remain hot. Commonly used release agents such as pure silicone oils have been tried in combination with various metals and other high surface energy materials but with relatively little or no success.

One release agent which has been found particularly useful in combination with high service energy materials, for example, copper, is polyethylene which is commercially available from the Allied Chemical Company and is designated AC-8 homopolymer. This particular release material is solid at room temperature. For application to the fuser roll structure, the release material is disposed in a sump and is liquified therein by the heat from the fuser. When the liquified release material reverts back to its solid form it tends to move out of contact with the fuser roll structure thereby necessitatl lf structure. The foregoing is undesirable since a inber of support or copy sheets may pass through the I j fu' ser without the fuser roll structure being coated with the polyethylene.

Accordingly, the primary object of this invention is to provide a new and improved copier apparatus for forming toner images on a support sheet.

A more particular object of this invention is to provide a new and improved heat and pressure fuser for fixing toner images to support sheets.

Another object of this invention is to provide a new and improved release material applicator structure for applying release material to a fuser roll structure.

Still another object of this invention is to provide a new and improved release material applicator which insures contact between a heated fuser member and the release material during operation thereof.

BRIEF SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION Briefly, the above-cited objects are accomplished by the provision of a release material applicator for utilization in a heat and pressure fuser for fixing toner images to support sheets on which the images have been electrostatically or otherwise formed during movement through a copier apparatus. The release material which is solid at room temperature and liquid during operation of the fuser is contained in a sump which is supported adjacent a heated fuser roll structure whereby the release material is in physical contact with the fuser roll structure.

To insure that the release material remains in contact with the fuser roll structure particularly when the liquid release material reverts back to its solid form, a collector bar is supported by sump adjacent the fuser roll structure. The bar collects the release material thereon during the solidifying process and prevents the release material from moving out of contact from the fuser roll structure. The collector bar is preferably fabricated from a high surface energy material, for example, steel for which the release material has a high affinity.

Substantially all of the surfaces of the sump contacting the release material are preferably coated with a material, for example, tetrafluoroethylene, for which polyethylene has a low affinity which allows the polyethylene to readily move away from the aforementioned surfaces upon resolidifying and, therefore, does not have the tendency of pulling the polyethylene away from the fuser roll structure.

Other objects and advantages of the present invention will become apparent when read in conjunction with the accompanying drawings wherein:

FIG. 1 is a schematic representation of a xerographic reproducing apparatus incorporating the novel image fuser of the present invention;

FIG.2 is a top plan view ofa fuser assembly incorporated in FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is a right side elevational view of the fuser assembly of FIG. 2;

FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view taken on the line IV';-IV of FIG. 3;

FIG. 5 is an enlarged fragmentary view in section of a release agent doctoring structure forming a part of the fuser assembly of FIGS. 2 thru 4;

FIG. 6 is a perspective view of the composite doctoring structure of FIG. 5;

' FIG. 7 is an elevational view of the fuser assembly as viewed from the left in FIG. 3;

FIG. 8 is a perspective view of a copy sheet stripper I finger;

' FIG.'9 is across-sectional view of a fuser roll system,

showing a modified stripper finger arrangement and a backup roll cleaning structure;

FIG. 10 is a cross-sectional view of a sprocket drive and one-way clutch arrangement incorporated in the fuser assembly.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT The reproducing machine illustrated in FIG. 1 employs an image recording drum-like member 10 the outer periphery of which is coated with a suitable photoconductive material 11. One type of photoconductive materialis disclosed in US. Pat. No. 2,970,906 issued to Bixby in 1961. The drum 10 is suitably journaled for rotation within a machine frame (not shown) by means ofa shaft 12 and rotates in the direction indicated by arrow 13, to bring the image retaining surface thereon past a plurality of xerographic processing stations. Suitable drive means (not shown) are provided to power and coordinate the motion of the various cooperating machine components whereby a faithful reproduction of the original input scene information is recorded upon a sheet of final support material such as paper or the like.

Since the practice of xerography is well known in the art, the various processing stations for producing a copy of an original are herein represented in FIG. 1 as blocks A to E. Initially, the drum moves photoconduc- I tive surface 11 through a charging station A. At charging station A an electrostatic charge is placed uniformly over the photoconductive surface 11 of the drum l0 preparatory to imaging. The charging may be provided by a corona generating device of a type described in US. Pat. No. 2,836,725 issued to Vyverberg in 1958.

Thereafter, the drum 10 is rotated to exposure station B where the charged photoconductive surface 11 is exposed to a light image of the original input scene information, whereby the charge is selectively dissipated in the light exposed regions to record the original input scene in the form of a latent electrostatic image. A suitable exposure system may be of the type described in US. Pat. Application, Ser. No. 259,181 filed June 2, 1972.

After exposure, drum 10 rotates the electrostatic latent image recorded on the photoconductive surface 1 l to development station C, wherein a conventional developer mix is applied to the photoconductive surface 1 l of the drum l0 rendering the latent image visible. A suitable development station is disclosed in US Pat. Application, Ser. No. 199,481 filed Nov. 17, 1971. This application describes a magnetic brush development system utilizing a magnetizable developer mix having carrier granules and toner comprising electrophotographic resin plus colorant from dyes or pigments. A developer mix is continually brought through a directional flux field toform a brush thereof. The electrostatic latent image recorded on photoconductive surface 11 is developed by bringing the brush of developer mix into contact therewith. The developed image on the photoconductive surface 11 is then brought into contact with a sheet of final support material 14 within a transfer station D and the toner image is transferred from the photoconductive surface 11 to the contacting side of the final support sheet 14. The final support material may be. plain paper, gummed labels, transparencies such as'Polycarbonate, Polysulfane and Mylar,

etc., as desired.

After the toner image has been transferred to the sheet of final support material l4, the sheet with the image thereon is advanced to a suitabe fuser assembly 15 which fuses the transfer powder image thereto.

After the fusing process, the final support material 14 is advanced by a series of rolls 16 to a copy paper tray 17 for subsequent removal therefrom by a machine operator.

Although a preponderence of the toner powder is transferred to the final support material 14, invariably some residual toner remains on the photoconductive surface 11 after the transfer of the toner powder image to the final support material 14. The residual toner particles remaining on the photoconductive surface 11 after the transfer operation are removed from the drum as it moves through cleaning station E. Here the residual toner particles are first brought under the influence of a cleaning corona generating device (not shown) adapted to neutralize the electrostatic charge remaining on the toner particles. The neutralized toner particles are then mechanically cleaned from the photoconductive surface 11 by conventional means as for example, the use of a resiliently biased knife blade as set forth in U.S. Pat. No. 3,660,863 issued to Gerbasi in The sheets of final support material 14 processed in the automatic xerographic reproducing device may be stored in the machine within a removable paper cassette 18. A suitable paper cassette is set forth in U.S. Pat. Application, Ser. No. 208,138 filed Dec. 15, 1971 The copier can also have the capability of accepting and processing copying sheets of varying lengths. The length of the copy sheet, of course, being dictated by the size of the original input scene information recorded on the photoconductive surface 11. To this end, the paper cassette l8is preferably provided with an adjustable feature whereby sheets of varying length and width can be conveniently accommodated therein.

In operation, the cassette 18 is filled with the stack of final support material 19 of pre-selected size and the cassette 18 is inserted into the machine by sliding along a baseplate (not shown) which guides the cassette 18 into operable relationship with a pair of feed rollers 20.

When properly positioned in communication with the feed rollers 20 the top sheet of the stack 19 is separated and forwarded from the stack 19 into the transfer station D by means of registration rollers 21.

It is believed that the foregoing description is sufficient for purposes of present application to illustrate the general operation of an automatic xerographic copier which can embody the teachings of the present invention.

The fuser assembly as best illustrated in FIGS. 2 through 4 comprises a heated fuser roll structure 30 and a backup roll 32 which cooperate to form a-nip 33 therebetween through which copy paper having tone'r images thereon passes with the toner images contacting the fuser roll structure 30. I 1

A channel shaped'support base 34;(FIG. '3) isprovided for supporting the fuser assembly 15 in the copier apparatus. The backup roll 30 is supported bya pair of support brackets 36 which are secured tothe support base 34 by means of-right angle brackets 38, the'bases of which are spot welded or otherwise suitably-affixed" to the support base 34. A pair of ball bearings 40 are" supported by the brackets 36 and are captivated in the brackets by means of retainingrings 42. The backup roll structure may comprise any suitable construction,

for example, a steel cylinder, but preferably comprises arigid steel core or shaft 46 having a Viton elastomer surface or layer 48 disposed thereover and affixed thereto. A pair of shaft ends 49 of the core or shaft 46 are received in bearings 40 for supporting the'backup roll 30. A suitable backup roll has an overall dimension of approximately 1.55 inches including a 0.1 inch cover or layer of Viton elastomer or other suitable high temperature elastomeric material, for example, fluorosilicone or silicone rubber. The specific dimensions of the backup roll will be dictated by the requirements of the particular copying apparatus wherein the fuser assembly 15 is employed, the dimensions being greater or less depending upon the process speed of themachine. In this embodiment the length of the roll is approximately 15% inches to accomodate various paper sizes.

A pair of support brackets 50 (FIG. 2) having a generally. E-shaped configuration similar to the support brackets 36 are provided for mounting the fuser roll structure in the fuser assembly 15. To this end, a pair of ball bearings 52 one in each of the support brackets50 are provided, the bearings being retained in thebrackets by means of retaining rings 54. A pair of end caps 55 are secured to a hollow cylinder or core 56 (FIGS. 3 and 4) forming a part of the fuser roll structure 30 and reduced portions 57 thereof are received in the bearings 52 forsupporting the fuser roll structure. A heating element 58 is supported internally of the core 56 for providing thermal energy to elevate the temperature of the core to operating limits. The heating element may comprise any suitable type heater for elevating the surface temperature of the cylinder to opera tional temperatures, therefore 285290F. For example, it may be a quartz envelope having a tungsten resistance heating element disposed therein. The cylinder or core 56 is fabricated from any suitable materialcapable of efficiently conducting the heat to the external surface of the core. Typical materials are anodized aluminum and alloys thereof, steel. stainless steel, nickel and alloys thereof, nickel plated copper, chrome plated copper, copper and alloys thereof. The resulting structure has an outside diameter on the order of L5 inches and has a length equal to that of the backup roll. The power requirements for the foregoing are 420 watts peak power with an average power of 320 watts and watts for standby.

The heater element 58 is supported internally of the core 56. by a pair of spring supports 60 which are mounted by insulator blocks 62 to the support brackets 50. The free ends of the springs supporting the heater element are each provided with a locating ball 64 while the opposite end of the spring is disposed in contact with an electrical terminal 66 to which electrical wires (not shown) may be attached for supplying electrical energy to the heater element; The terminal blocks can be secured to the support brackets in any suitable manner,.for example, by screws. The springs supports and terminals are preferably rivoted to the terminal block.

.The aforementioned materials from which the core 56 of the fuser roll structure may be fabricated are relatively high surface energy materials, consequently, hot

toner material contacting such surfaces would readily wet the surface of the fuser roll and it would be difficult to'remove the toner therefrom. Accordingly, there is provided a sump 68 (FIGS. 2 and 4) for containing a 1 material 69 capable of interacting with the core in a [manner described in US. Pat. Application, Ser. No. 383,231 filed July 27, I973 in the'name of Moser, et al and assigned to the same assignee as the'instant appliportion. The rear wall is provided with a pair of apertured flanges 72 for receiving supports 74 for mounting the sump 68 to the flanges 51 secured to the brackets 50in a manner to allow pivotal movement thereof. The sump also comprises a front wall (FIG. which comprises a eomposite doctoring blade 78 including a base member 80 with an elongated strip 82 secured to the basemember. The strip 82" is fabricated from a high temperature elastomeric material which is compatible with the particular material 69, for example, silicone rubber or Viton. By compatible with the strip it is meant that the dimensions of-the strip are not altered by'contaet withthe material.

The base member 80 and therefore the blade 78 is supported by the rear wall 70 by means ofa rubber seal attached to a lip 84 forming a part of the rear wall and a retainer 86 which is suitably secured by, for example,-

screws 87, to the rear wall 70. The base member 80 is provided with a plurality of slots 88 in which the screws 87 ride to allow mounting of the base member intermediate the retainer 86 and the rear wall 70. The base member is also provided with a plurality of apertures 90 disposed on the sides of the slots 88. The apertures receivedimples 92 forming a part of the retainer 86. The slots and the apertures are oversized with respect to the dimples and screws so that the base member can move due to thermal expansion without buckling thereof. It will beappreciated that in addition toserving as'a metering blade the composite structure 78 serves to clean toner from the fuser roll structure 30 and also act as a seal to prevent the liquid or low viscosfor receiving nuts 104. A tie bar 106 attached to the support brackets 50 support L-shaped brackets 108 having slots 110 therein. The links 100 are received in the slots 1 to thereby provide means for adjusting the pivotal orientation of the sump 68 to thereby increase or decrease the pressure of the composite doetoring structure 78 on the fuser'roll structure to thereby control in accordance with a predetermined amount, for example, a layer less than 1 micron thick, the application of polyethylene to the fuser roll structure. This is accomplished by tightening or loosening of the nuts As mentioned hereinbefore, the polyethylene is solid at room temperature and-is liquid at operational temperatures. The polyethylene in solid form is placed in the sump and is heated by the thermal energy of the fusing rollstrueture and thereby liquified. When'the polyethylene resolidifies after the machine has been inoperative for aperiod of time the polyethylene tends to v move away from the fuser roll structure consequently when the machine is restarted the polyethylene may not be applied tothe fuser roll structure immediately. This means that the fuser roll structure may not be properly protected against toner offsetting to the bare metal. In order to safeguard against the foregoing, the

surface of the rear wall contacting the polyethylene is coated with a material that has a low affinity for the polyethylene, for example, silicone rubber. In order to insure that the polyethylene is in contact with the fuser roll'structure at the time of restarting the machine, a collecting bar 1 l 1 is provided in the sump and attached thereto such that it is positioned adjacent the fuser roll structure. Accordingly, when the polyethylene resolidifies it will pull away from the rear wall and it will solidify on the collecting bar such that it is still in contactv with the fuser roll structure. This arrangement will insure proper operation of the fuser assembly until the bulk of the polyethylene is melted in the sump.

The axis of the backup roll which should be apparent from a consideration of its mounting as discussed above is fixed relative to the support base 34. However, the fuser roll structure is mounted such that its pressure engagement'with the backup roll can be adjusted to thereby enable variation of the length of the nip 33 formed between the two roll structures. To this end, the fuser roll support brackets 50 are mounted to the backup roll support brackets 36 by a pair of flexures 112 which are secured to the support brackets 36 and 50 by means of retaining plates 114, dowl pins 116 and caps screws 1 18. The flexures 112 are preferably fabricated from spring steel having a relatively small thickness but sufficiently sturdy to hingedly mount the fuser roll support brackets to the backup roll support brackets. A force at the nip on the order of I50 pounds is provided by means of socket head screws 120 and commercial compression springs 122 which are supported by the upper flanges 51 secured to the fuser roll support brackets 50. The screws 120 are received in and an upper guide plate attached to the tie bar I 106. The upper guide plate is mounted to the tie bar by means of a generally U-shaped flange 132 having an open area which is integral with the plate 130 and disposed at an acute angle relative thereto. To insure that the copy paper follows along a predetermined path ineluding the space between the lower and upper guide plates a plurality of generally L-shaped stripper fingers 134 ('FIGS.'4 and 8), preferably two in number, are provided. The leading edges of the stripper fingers are biased into engagement with the fuser roll structure 30 by means of a pair of combination mounting brackets and bias member l36.inthe form of leaf springs. The leaf springs are mounted to the tie bar 106 such that a cantilevered portion 137 thereof engages a cam surface 138 of the stripper finger 134. Portions of the mounting bracket 136 are rolled as indicated at 140 to provide a I fingers 134.

bearing surface for shafts 141 carried by the stripper 'An alternate form of stripper finger may be employed which comprises 'stripper'fingers 142 '(FIG. 9) suptive to the stripper finger to increase or decrease the amount of pressure which is applied by the stripper finger to the fuser roll structure. The position of the stripperfingers 142 are maintained on the shaft in a position relative to the longitudinal axis of the fuser roll structure 30 by grip rings 146. The grip rings while maintaining the position of the stripper fingers fixed relative the fusing roll structure 30 allow movement relative to the aforementioned axis of the stripper fingers with respect to the fuser roll structure so that the fuser stripper fingers can be repositioned in the event of wear of the fuser roll structure.

The surface temperature of the fuser roll structure 30 is controlled by contacting the surface thereof with a thermistor probe 148 of the type described in US. Pat.

No. 3,327,096, issued in 1967 to Bernous and incorporated herein by reference.

During operation of the fuser assembly 15, particularly during duplex copying, toner accumulates on the backup roll structure 32. Accordingly, a backup roll cleaning structure or assembly 150 is provided which comprises a triangular shaped support member 152 having a wiper member 153 carried thereby. The cleaning assembly is supported for movement in the direction of the backup roll structure by a plurality of roller supports 154 and a spring member 156 supported by a member 158 urges the wiper surface into wiping contact with the backup roll. As can be seen from the drawings, the cleaning assembly is disposed adjacent the support base 34 so that toner removed from the backup roll will be deposited onto the support base. In operation it has been found that the toner accumulates on the exit side of the nip formed between the backup roll and the wiper member. The wiper member is preferably a high temperature material with a high degree of resiliency and low affinity for toner particles and preferably comprises tetrafluoroethylene, commonly referred to as TFE.

In order to accomplish rotational movement of the fuser and backup rolls, the main machine drive'is coupled to the fuser roll structure via a drive sprocket 160, which is coupled to a driven sprocket 161 by means of a one-way clutch 162, a bushing 164, and stub shaft 166. The driven sprocket 161 is coupled to a sprocket 170 carried by the shaft of the fuser roll structure 30 via a chain 172. The clutch 162 serves as a coupling between the input from the main machine drive and the fuser roll structure, which allows the fuser roll structure and backup roll to be rotated independently of the sprockets provided for power driving the fuser roll structure. In the event that a machine jam occurs, a sheet of copy paper which has started through the nip 20f the fuser assembly can be manually moved out of the fuser assembly while simultaneously fusing the toner images to the copy paper. Accordingly, unlike prior art fuser structures utilized in the xerographic process, a copy which has started through the fuser but has not been completely fused can be saved because it can be fused notwithstanding a paper jam.

A cover structure 174 protects the fuser assembly from contaminates. As viewed in FIG. 7, the cover structure has a bifurcated flange portion 176 which receives a pin member 178 carried by the bracket 50.

There'are two such flanges and pin members, one on each side of the fuser assembly. A sidewardly projecting flange 180 has an aperture through which a screw 181 is inserted and received in a threaded aperture in a flange 182 forming a part of the sump 68. The combination bifurcated flanges and pin members together with the screw 181 secures the cover in place. As viewed in FIG. 3, the cover has an inclined top surface 184 and an opening 186 at the extreme right end thereof for directing vapors out of the fuser assembly. A pair of depending flanges 190 cooperate with pins 192 carried by the tie bar 106 to assist in maintaining the cover in place.

' While the invention has been described with respect to a preferred embodiment, it will be apparent thatcertain modifications and changes can be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention, for example, the images to be fused can be formed by other than the xerographic process disclosed and it is therefore intended that the foregoing disclosure be limited only by the claims appended hereto.

What is claimed is: i

1. Fuser apparatus for fixing toner images to support sheets said apparatus comprising:

a heated roll structure;

a resilient backup roll structure cooperating with said fuser roll structure to form a nip through which said support sheets move;

a sump for containing release material;

release material disposed in said sump and contacting said heated fuser roll structure, said release material being solid at room temperature and liquid at the operating temperature of said fuser apparatus; and

means supported by said sump for maintaining said release material in contact with said fuser roll structure when said release material turns from a liquid to a solid.

2. Structure according to claim 1 wherein substantially all the surfaces of said sump contacting said release material are coated with a material having a relatively low affinity for said release material.

3. Structure according to claim 1 wherein said means supported by said sump comprises a collector bar disposed adjacent said fuser roll structure.

4. Structure according to claim 3 wherein substantially all of the surfaces of said sump contacted by said release material are coated with a material having a rel atively low affinity for said release material.

5. Structure according to claim 3 wherein said collector bar is fabricated from a relatively high surface energy material.

6. Structure according to claim 5 wherein said substantially all of the surfaces are coated with tetrafluoroethylene.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3324791 *Dec 31, 1964Jun 13, 1967Xerox CorpXerographic roller fuser drive apparatus
US3846151 *Sep 5, 1972Nov 5, 1974Addressograph MultigraphFixing device
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4188109 *Jun 21, 1976Feb 12, 1980Ricoh Company, Ltd.Fixing apparatus for electrophotography
US4231653 *Nov 28, 1978Nov 4, 1980Ricoh Company, Ltd.Oil supply apparatus
US4375327 *Dec 9, 1981Mar 1, 1983Konishiroku Photo Industry Co., Inc.Roller fixing device
US4618240 *Mar 14, 1983Oct 21, 1986Canon Kabushiki KaishaHeating device having a heat insulating roller
US4777903 *Apr 6, 1987Oct 18, 1988Xerox CorporationFor fixing a toner image on a copy sheet
EP0230374A2 *Jan 14, 1987Jul 29, 1987Xerox CorporationRetractable cleaning blade
Classifications
U.S. Classification399/325, 399/330, 118/100, 219/216
International ClassificationG03G15/20
Cooperative ClassificationG03G15/2075
European ClassificationG03G15/20H2P2