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Publication numberUS3918854 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 11, 1975
Filing dateJun 19, 1974
Priority dateJun 19, 1974
Also published asCA1029603A1
Publication numberUS 3918854 A, US 3918854A, US-A-3918854, US3918854 A, US3918854A
InventorsJoseph Catarious, Lawrence Clements
Original AssigneeAlphamedics Mfg Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Peristaltic pump
US 3918854 A
Abstract
A peristaltic pump is disclosed in which a compressible tube is retained between a rotary member and a pumping shoe mounted adjacent thereto. The rotary member includes a series of rollers mounted along the periphery thereof for intermittantly occluding the compressible tube upon rotation of the rotary member. The rotary member disclosed also includes a series of pairs of axially aligned radially disposed pins, the space between each pair of pins varying along the direction of rotation of the rotary member, for reshaping the compressible tube after each occlusion thereof. Means are also disclosed for permitting the easy insertion and removal of the compressible tube between the rotary member and the pumping shoe, including a stationary member and a tube supporting bracket upon which the pumping shoe is mounted, slidably attached to the stationary member, for movement between proximate and distal positions with respect thereto. Reciprocating clamping blocks are also disclosed, disposed on the opposite side of the compressible tube from the pumping shoe, for retaining the compressible tube in a fixed position between the rotary member and the pumping shoe during use.
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United States Patent [191 Catarious et al.

[ Nov. 11, 1975 PERISTALTIC PUMP [75] Inventors: Joseph Catarious, l-larleysville;

Lawrence Clements, Philadelphia, both of Pa.

[73] Assignee: Alphamedics Mfg. Corporation,

Levittown, Pa.

22 Filed: June 19, 1974 21 Appl. No.: 480,972

[52] U.S. Cl. 417/477 [51] Int. CL? F04B 43/08; F04B 43/12; F0413 45/06 [58] Field of Search 417/477, 476, 475

[56] References Cited I UNITED STATES PATENTS 2.035.159 3/1936 Henry 417/476 2,466,618 4/1949 Stocks 417/477 2.831.437 4/1958 Cromwell et a1. 417/477 3,649,138 3/1972 Clay et al 417/477 3,675,653 7/1972 Crowley et al 128/278 3,737,251 6/1973 Berman et a1. 417/12 Primar E.\'aminerC. J. Husar Assistant E.\'aminerRichard E. Gluck Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Lerner, David, Littenberg & Samuel [5 7 ABSTRACT A peristaltic pump is disclosed in which a compressible tube is retained between a rotary member and a pumping shoe mounted adjacent thereto. The rotary member includes a series of rollers mounted along the periphery thereof for intermittantly occluding the compressible tube upon rotation of the rotary member. The rotary member disclosed also includes a series of pairs of axially aligned radially disposed pins, the space between each pair of pins varying along the direction of rotation of the rotary member, for reshaping the compressible tube after each occlusion thereof. Means are also disclosed for permitting the easy insertion and removal of the compressible tube between the rotary member and the pumping shoe, including a stationary member and a tube supporting bracket upon which the pumping shoe is mounted, slidably attached to the stationary member, for movement between proximate and distal positions with respect thereto. Reciprocating clamping blocks are also disclosed, disposed on the opposite side of the compressible tube from the pumping shoe, for retaining the compressible tube in a fixed position between the rotary member and the pumping shoe during use.

13 Claims, 9 Drawing Figures US. Patent Nov. 11, 1975 Sheet10f3 3,918,854

PERISTALTIC PUMP FIELD OF THE INVENTION The present invention relates to peristaltic pumps, and particularly to such pumps which are capable of pumping an accurate predetermined amount of liquid or fluid through compressible tubes. More particularly, the present invention relates to such peristaltic pumps which are capable of pumping such fluids through compressible tubes for relatively long periods of time while maintaining their accuracy. Still more particularly, the present invention relates to such peristaltic pumps which are easily incorporated into standard intravenous units without interrupting their continued use.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION Peristaltic pumps, have been employed for a number of years in order to produce a flow of liquid through a compressible tube. Generally, these pumps have normally employed a rotary member having rollers thereon for intermittant occlusion of the compressible tube by the rollers upon rotation of the rotary member. In conjunction with the use of standard intravenous (IV) units, such peristaltic pumps have been employed for the infusion of various fluids into a vein or artery of humans or animals through a compressible tube, at controlled rates. Thus, for example, U.S. Pat. No. 2,434,802, which is typical of many of these prior art infusion pumps, discloses a pump whereby a compressible tube 5 is mounted on a block 6, including an arcuate portion 8, wherein the tube is intermittantly occluded by the rotation of rotor 10, which carries cams l1 thereon. As the rotor rotates, each of the cams ll compresses the tube, and moves fluid in a predetermined direction corresponding with the direction of rotation of the rotor 10.

A similar pump is shown in U.S. Pat. No. 1,998,337, including means for adjusting the block 4 against which each roller 42 compresses the tube 33 upon rotation of wheel 39. The adjustment is effected by the movement of wedges and 16, which urge the carrier 6 in a vertical direction, as seen in FIG. 1 thereof. Furthermore, in U.S. Pat. No. 3,597,124, such a peristaltic pump is disclosed, similarly including a series of rollers 23 mounted on pumping wheel 14, for intermittantly occluding tube 15. The peristaltic pump disclosed therein also includes means for inserting the tube 15, including a cam 16 which in turn moves tube support means 13 to and from the surface of pumping wheel 14. The application of such peristaltic pumps to the infusion of various liquids intravenously into humans or animals has, however, met with certain difficulties. Thus, for example, the compressible tubes used in these applications are highly flexible, and of a thin-walled construction, such that the continuous intermittant occlusion thereof results in damage thereto. Thus, each time these compressible tubes are so occluded the flexible thin walls thereof return more slowly to their initial circular configuration. The amount of fluid retained within a given portion thereof thus varies, and the controlled infusion of a predetermined amount of fluid is no longer possible therewith. Furthermore, the particular application of such peristaltic pumps to the infusion of various liquids intravenously has also required the easy insertion and removal of the compressible intravenous tubing without intereferring with the flow therethrough. It is thus desired to employ such a pump wherein the com- 2 pressible tube, even during use, may be simply inserted between the rotor and pumping shoe, without interruption of the fluid flow therethrough.

It is therefore an object of the present invention to provide an improved peristaltic pump.

It is another object of the present invention to pro vide a peristaltic pump which is capable of delivering accurate predetermined amounts of fluid therethrough for extended periods of time.

It is yet another object of the present invention to provide a peristaltic pump which is capable of accurately metering the amount of fluids imparted through thin-walled compressible tubes, such as the type used for the intravenous infusion of fluids into humans or animals.

It is yet a further object of the present invention to provide a peristaltic pump which includes means for the easy insertion and removal of compressible tubes thereinto.

It is yet another object of the present invention to provide a peristaltic pump which is capable of maintaining the compressible tube through which fluids are to be pumped in its original configuration, such that the amount of fluid imparted therethrough is maintained substantially constant.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION In accordance with the present invention a peristaltic pump is provided, including a rotary member carrying a plurality of rollers on the periphery thereof and a pumping shoe mounted adjacent thereof. A compressible tube mounted between the rotary member and the pumping shoe is intermittantly occluded by the rollers upon rotation of the rotary member. The rotary member also carries means for reshaping the compressible tube following each intermittant occlusion thereof.

In one embodiment of this invention, at least one pair of axially disposed radially projecting pins are carried by the rotary member between successive pairs of rollers, including a first roller for a first occlusion of said compressible tube, and a second roller for a second occlusion of said compressible tube, said pairs of radially projecting pins straddling the compressible tube. The pairs of radially projecting pins between the rollers are axially spaced a distance approximately equal to the normal diameter of the compressible tube, to thereby urge the compressible tube back into its original configuration between each intermittant occlusion thereof. In another embodiment, two pairs of such axially disposed radially projecting pins are carried by the rotary member between such successive pairs of rollers, the pair adjacent the second roller being axially spaced a distance approximately equal to the normal diameter of the compressible tube, and the pair of radially projecting pins adjacent the first roller being axially spaced a distance greater than the normal diameter of the compressible tube. In the preferred embodiment, three or more pairs of axially disposed radially projecting pins are carried by the rotary member between such successive pairs of rollers. The pairs of radially projecting pins adjacent the second roller are axially spaced a distance approximately equal to the normal diameter of the compressible tube, and each successive pair of radially projecting pins approaching the first roller are axially spaced successively increasing distances.

In another embodiment of the present invention, the pumping shoe is mounted upon a slidable tube support bracket, which is moveable between fixed proximate and distal positions with respect to said rotary member. said proximate position being the normal operating position of said pumping shoe, and said distal position being a sufficient distance from said rotary member such that the compressible tube may be easily inserted and removed therefrom. Preferrably, a stationary clamping block is provided on the side of said slidable tube support bracket opposite the rotary member, and includes a pair of parallel rods extending therefrom, and inserted in corresponding apertures in the slidable tube support bracket. Spring means are provided between the stationary clamping block and slidable tube support bracket urging these members apart. The slidable tube support bracket is maintainable in the fixed proximate and distal positions with respect to the rotary member by providing latch means for locking the slidable tube support bracket in these fixed positions. The latch means includes a pivoted latch bar containing a pair of notches for engagement with corresponding pins located on either side of the slidable tube support bracket.

In another embodiment of this invention, reciprocating clamping blocks are provided for firmly retaining the compressible tube in a fixed position between the pumping shoe and the rotary member during normal use. The reciprocating clamping blocks thus cooperate with corresponding portions of the slidable tube support bracket to firmly grasp the compressible tube therebetween when the slidable clamping block is in its proximate or normal operating position with respect to the rotary member. and release the compressible tube therefrom when the slidable clamping block is in its distal position with respect to its rotary member, for easy insertion and removal of the compressible tube. Preferrably, the reciprocating clamping blocks include a piston portion thereof, which is retained within a cylinder which thereby limits its movement. Bias means are provided within the cylinder thus urging the clamping blocks towards the slidable tube support bracket, and thus into grasping engagement with the compressible tube there between during normal operation, or when the slidable tube support bracket is in its proximate position with respect to the rotary member. The cylinder limits the movement of the reciprocating clamping blocks towards the slidable tube support bracket, however, and therefore when the slidable tube support bracket is in its distal position with respect to the rotary member, the compressible tube is released therefrom.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS A more complete understanding of the present invention can be had by referring to the following drawings and detailed description of the invention in which:

FIG. 1 is a perspective view of the peristaltic pump of this invention, in conjunction with a standard intravenous apparatus;

FIG. 2 is a partial sectional top view of the peristaltic pump of .the present invention, including a disassembled rotary member and pumping shoe, shown in the closed position;

FIG. 3 is a partial top view, partially sectional, of the peristaltic pump of the present invention, shown in the open position;

FIG. 4 is a partial top view of a portion of the rotary member and pumping shoe of the present invention;

FIG. 5 is an isometric side view of the rotary member of the present invention, shown with a compressible tube;

FIG. 6 is a partial side view of a roller portion of the rotary member of the present invention, with the compressible tube shown during its intermittant occlusion taken along line 66 of FIG. 2;

FIG. 7 is a partial side view of a roller portion of the rotary member of the present invention shown with the compressible tube between its intermittant occlusion, taken along line 7-7 of FIG. 4;

FIG. 8 is a side view of the peristaltic pump of the present invention, including latch means in the closed position taken along line 8--8 of FIG. 2, and

FIG. 9 is a side view of the peristaltic pump of the present invention including latch means in the open position, taken along line 99 of FIG. 3.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION Referring to the Figures, in which like numerals indicate like portions thereof, FIG. 1 shows a perspective view of the peristaltic pump of the present invention in conjunction with a standard intravenous apparatus.

The peristaltic pump itself is included within and mounted upon a housing 7. In this manner, the entire apparatus may be mounted upon an intravenous pole 2, mounted upon a base 3, and carrying an intravenous bottle 4 which hangs from the end of the intravenous pole 2 by means of bracket 42. In a standard intravenous apparatus the fluid 5, such as liquid nourishment, drugs, etc., within the intravenous bottle 4 flows through a compressible tube 6 and into a vein or artery of a human or animal. Therefore, by merely mounting the present peristaltic pump upon the intravenous pole 2, or at another location nearby, the compressible tube 6 may be easily inserted thereinto, without interrupting the flow of fluid therethrough, and attached to the infusion pump 4 to regulate the flow of liquid therethrough and into the patient.

Referring specifically to the present peristaltic pump itself, as can be best seen from FIGS. 2 and 3, it includes a rotor 8 mounted for rotary motion upon the housing 7. The rotor 8 itself rotates upon shaft 31 projecting through the wall of the housing 7. The shaft 31 may thus be controlled by a motor, such as the stepping motor described in U.S. Pat. No. 3,737,251, which is incorporated herein by reference. Generally, however, any motor may be employed. A tube support bracket 9, which is slidably mounted upon the housing 7, has a pumping shoe 10 mounted thereon and held to an adjustable range of positions by a leaf spring 11 and adjusting screw 12 whose stem projects through an aperture 13 in the tube support bracket 9, and is then threadably engaged with the pumping shoe l0.

Adjusting screw 12 is thus used to calibrate the volume of fluid dispensed through the compressible tube 6. Adjustment is needed to compensate for mechanical variations in the rotor, support bracket, rollers, tubing inside diameter, outside diameter, concentricity and elasticity, fluid viscosity and temperature, all of which is described in U.S. Pat. No. 3,737,25l.

The compressible tube 6 is thus mounted between the rotor 8 and pumping shoe 10, which is itself mounted upon the tube support bracket 9. The tube support bracket 9 includes end portions 14 of a greater width than the center neck portion 46 thereof, to which the pumping shoe 10 is attached. On the side of the tube support bracket 9 opposite the rotor 8 is mounted a stationary clamping block 16. The clamping block is fixedly mounted upon the housing 7, and acts as a fixed locating position with respect to the slidable tube support bracket 9. The tube support bracket 9 slides upon a pair of parallel rods 17 projecting from the clamping block 16, and perpendicular thereto. Each of these rods 17 is inserted into a corresponding aperture 19 in the end portion 14 of tube support bracket 9. The rods 17 may thus slide within the apertures 19, thus permitting the tube support bracket 9 to slidably move to and from engagement with the compressible tube 6 mounted adjacent the rotor 8. Furthermore, each rod 17 is surrounded by a bias spring 18, which engages the face of both the clamping block I6 and the end portion 14 of the tube support bracket 9, thus urging these members apart. Since the clamping block 16 is fixedly mounted to the housing 7 the tube support bracket 9 is urged in the direction of the rotor 8, and this, in turn, urges the pumping shoe 10, which is mounted on the tube support bracket 9, towards the rotor 8, and into engagement with the compressible tube 6, mounted therebetween.

In order to establish fixed positions for the location of the slidable tube support bracket 9, namely a normal operating position, or proximate position with respect to rotor 8 as shown in FIG. 2, and an open tube-loading or distal position with respect to rotor 8, as shown in FIG. 3, pivoted latches are provided. Each of these latches, as can best be seen in FIGS. 8 and 9, comprises a pivoted latch bar 20, pivoted at pivot pin 21, mounted on clamping block 16. The pivoted latch bars 20 include notches 39 and 40 located on the underside thereof. Upon lowering of the latch bars 20 into their horizontal positions, as seen in FIGS. 8 and 9, these notches, 39 and 40, engage corresponding pins 22 projecting from the end portions 14 of the slidable tube support bracket 9. In this manner, depending upon which notches engage the pins 22 projecting from the end portions 14 of the tube support bracket 9, the tube support bracket 9 will be in either the aforementioned operating or closed positions. This, when notches 40 on latch bars 20 are engaged upon pins 22 extending from the end portions 14 of the tube support-bracket 9, the tube support bracket will be maintained in its normal operating position, proximate to the rotor 8. In order to insertor remove the compressible tube 6 from between the pumping shoe I0 and the rotor 8, the latch bars 20 are pivoted upon pivot pins 21, and raised as shown by the phantom lines in FIG. 8. The tube support bracket 9 may thus be urged against the normal force of bias springs 18 and towards the stationary clamping block 16. When the proper position is thus reached, the latch bars 20 are pivoted upon pivot pins 21 and the notches 39 in latch bars 20 are lowered into engagement with pins 22, thus maintaining the tube support bracket 9 in its open tube-inserting, or distal position with respect to rotor 8, as shown in FIG. 9. In this position, the compressible tube 6 may be easily removed from or inserted between the pumping shoe l0 and the rotor 8.

Referring again to FIGS. 2 and 3, the rotor 8 includes two spaced apart parallel discs 43 (see FIG. 5) and a cylindrical surface 34 transverse thereto, connecting the parallel discs 43 at a point within their periphery and a short distance from the ends thereof. A plurality of equally spaced apart rollers 33 are rotatably mounted upon roller bearing pins 32 located along the periphery of the rotor 8'. Thus, each time the rotor 8 makes a complete rotation, such as in the direction shown by the arrow in FIG. 2, the compressible tube 6 is occluded a number of times equal to the number of rollers 33 located along the periphery of rotor 8. Occlu- 6 sion of the compressible tube 6 is thus obtained between each roller 33 as it passes across the surface of pumping shoe 10.

As described above, it is essential that this intermittant occlusion of compressible tube 6 result in the accurate and reproducible pumping of fluids therethrough. Again, however, as the compressible tubes generally used in standard intravenous units have relatively thin walls, or poor memory characteristics, i.e., they do not immediately return to their initial shape upon each occlusion, apparatus is provided for returning the compressible tube to its original shape between each such occlusion thereof. In this manner, a correct fluid delivery characteristic is retained, and a gradual reduction in the volume of fluid delivered upon each intermittant occlusion thereof due to the tendency of the compressible tubing to become more flattened with each occlusion, or fail to return to its original cylindrical shape prior to each subsequent occlusion thereof, is prevented. Furthermore, variations in the volume of fluid delivered due to the sensitivity of the system to variations in the pressure of fluid remaining in the intravenous bottle 4 is also eliminated.

The mechanism thus provided for returning the compressible tubing to its original shape after each intermittant occlusion thereof includes pairs of axially disposed radially projecting pins, projecting from the transverse cylindrical surface 34. The pairs of pins are disposed on either side of the compressible tube 6 in its normal operating position against the pumping-shoe 10, as seen in FIGS. 5 through 7. Preferably, a series of three or more pairs of axially disposed radially projecting pins project from the cylindrical surface 34 between successive rollers 30 disposed along the periphery of the rotor 8. Thus, as seen in FIG. 2, each such successive pair of rollers 33 will include a first roller 33a resulting in a first intermittant occlusion of compressible tube 6, and a second roller 33b, resulting in a second intermittant occlusion of compressible tube 6, as a result of the rotation of rotor 8 in a direction shown by the arrow in FIG. 2. When three pairs of radially projecting pins 36 are employed, as shown in the drawings, the pair of radially projecting pins 36c adjacent the second roller 33b are axially spaced a distance approximately equal to the normal diameter of the compressible tube 6. The next succeeding pair of radially projecting pins 36b are axially spaced a distance some what greater than the normal diameter of the compressible tube 6, and the pair of radially projecting pins 36a adjacent the first roller 33a are axially spaced a distance greater than that of the pair of radially projecting pins 36b. In other words, the pairs of radially projecting pins are axially spaced successively greater distances as one moves from the first roller 33b to the second roller 33a.

Thus, in its normal operation, as the rotor 8 rotates in the direction shown in FIGS. 2 and 5, and as each succeeding roller 33 passes across the surface of the pumping shoe 10, the compressible tube 6 disposed therebetween is occluded thereby, as can best be seen in FIG. 6. Subsequent to each such occlusion, the continued rotation of the rotor 8 results in the movement of the roller which has just occluded the compressible tube 36b and 360, respectively, across the surface of the pumping shoe 10.,

Each such successive pair of radially projecting pins thus causes successively greater pressure to be applied against the compressible tube 6, thus forcing the compressible tube 6 back into its normal cylindrical config uration, as seen in FIG. 7.

Subsequently, upon continued rotation of the rotor 8, the next succeeding roller 33 will move across the surface of the pumping shoe 10, thus causing the next succeeding intermittant occlusion of the compressible tube 6, again as shown in FIG. 6, and the abovedescribed process is repeated between each such succeeding pair of rollers 33.

In order to also insure that the compressible tube 6 is prevented from slipping through the pump, means are provided for firmly retaining the compressible tube 6 at its location between the pumping shoe l and the rotor 8 during normal operation of the pump. These include reciprocating clamping blocks 25 which, in coopera tion with the end portions 14 oftube support bracket 9, engage the compressible tube 6 therebetween. The faces of the end portions 14 of tube support bracket 9 thus include semicircular grooves 15, as seen in FIG. 9. These grooves preferably have a high friction surface, for firmly retaining the compressible tube therein without occluding same. The firm retention of the compressible tube will thus be completed by its engagement between these grooves 15 and corresponding semicircular grooves 30 on the face of the reciprocating clamping block 25.

Furthermore, locating stops 23 are fixedly attached to the housing 7, and a pair of cylinders 24 are mounted thereon. Each cylinder 24 includes an aperture in its front face 27 thereof facing the end portions 14 of the tube support bracket 9. The rear faces of reciprocating clamping blocks 25 thus include a pistonshaped portion 26 which thus reciprocates within the cylinders 24, limited by the front and rear faces thereof, 23 and 27, respectively. Bias springs 28, located by spring locating pins 29 attached to locating stops 23, thus urge the piston-shaped member of the reciprocating clamping block 25 towards the end portions 14 of the tube support bracket 9, to thereby engage the compressible tube 6 therebetween, as shown in FIG. 8. In this manner, when the notches 39 on the latch bars are en gaged in pins 22 upon the end portions 14 of the tube support bracket 9, and the tube support bracket 9 is thus in the distal position with respect to the rotor 8, as shown in FIG. 3, the reciprocating clamping blocks are prevented from following the end portions 14 of the tube support bracket 9, and thus maintaining the compressible tube 6 therebetween, by the retention of the piston-shaped member 26 against the front face 27 of the cylinders 24. The compressible tube 6 is thus released from engagement with the pairs of corresponding grooves, 15 and 30, upon the faces of the end portions 14 of the tube support bracket 9, and the reciprocating clamping blocks 25, respectively, and the compressible tube 6 may be easily removed from or inserted into the peristaltic pump. Upon insertion of the compressible tube 6 between the pumping shoe 10 and the rotor 8, the notches 40 in latch bars 20 are engaged with pins 22 projecting from the end portions 14 of tube support bracket 9, thus fixing the tube support bracket 9 in its proximate position with respect to the rotor 8, or its normal operating position, wherein the compressible tube 6 is firmly engaged between the corresponding grooves 15 and upon the end portions 14 of the tube support bracket 9 and the reciprocating 8 clamping block 25, respectively. The compressible tube 6 will thus be prevented from slipping through the peristaltic pump during rotation of the rotor 8.

It should thus be understood that the above embodiment is merely illustrative of the principles of this invention and numerous other embodiments will become obvious to those of ordinary skill in this art.

What is claimed is:

1. In a peristaltic pump for intermittantly occluding a compressible tube including:

a housing;

a rotary member mounted for rotation on said housing, said rotary member including a pair of spaced apart disc members and a transverse wall member;

a plurality of rollers carried by said rotary member for sequentially occluding said compressible tube, including a first roller for initially occluding said compressible tube, and a second roller for subsequently occluding said compressible tube, and;

a pumping shoe mounted on said housing adjacent said rotary member, whereby said compressible tube mounted on said housing between said rotary member and said pumping shoe is intermittantly occluded upon rotation of said rotary member. said pumping shoe projecting between said pair of spaced apart disc members, and being substantially narrower than the distance therebetween, the improvement which comprises;

a plurality of pairs of spaced radially projecting pins between each succeeding pair of rollers, said radially projecting pins mounted upon said transverse wall member, and including a first pair of radially projecting pins adjacent said second roller, the pins of said first pair being spaced a distance approximately equal to the diameter of said compressible tube, and wherein the pins of each succeeding pair of said radially projecting pins approaching said first roller being spaced a distance greater than that of said preceding pair of radially projecting pins.

2. The peristaltic pump of claim 1 including three pairs of said spaced radially projecting pins between each succeeding pair of said rollers.

3. In a peristaltic pump for intermittantly occluding a compressible tube including:

a housing;

a rotary member mounted for rotation on said housing;

a plurality of rollers carried by said rotary member;

and

a pumping shoe mounted on said housing adjacent said rotary member, whereby said compressible tube mounted on said housing between said rotary member and said pumping shoe is intermittantly occluded upon rotation of said rotary member, the improvement which comprises;

means for slidably mounting said pumping shoe adjacent said rotary member for movement between fixed proximate and distal positions with respect to said rotary member, said proximate position being the normal operating position of said pumping shoe, and said distal position being a sufficient distance from said rotary member for the insertion and removal of said compressible tube therebetween;

said means for slidably mounting said pumping shoe including a slidable tube support bracket upon which said pumping shoe is mounted;

reciprocating clamp means and bias means urging said reciprocating clamp means into cooperating engagement with said tube support bracket to retain said compressible tube therebetween when said tube support bracket is in its proximate position with respect to said rotary member.

4. The peristaltic pump of claim 3 wherein said reciprocating clamp means and said tube support bracket include groove means on the cooperating portions thereof to firmly retain said compressible tube therebetween without occluding said compressible tube.

5. The peristaltic pump of claim 3 including cylinder means, and wherein said reciprocating clamp means includes a piston portion for reciprocating motion within said cylinder means.

6. The peristaltic pump of claim 3 including a pair of said reciprocating clamp means for firmly retaining portions of said compressible tube in either side of said rotary member.

7. in a peristaltic pump for intermittantly occluding a compressible tube including:

a housing;

a rotary member mounted for rotation on said housing, said rotary member including a pair of spaced apart disc members and a transverse wall member;

a plurality of rollers carried by said rotary member for sequentially occluding said compressible tube, including a first roller for initially occluding said compressible tube, and a second roller for subsequently occluding said compressible tube, and; pumping shoe mounted on said housing adjacent said rotary member, whereby a compressible tube mounted on said housing between said rotary member and said pumping shoe is intermittantly occluded upon rotation of said rotary member, said pumping shoe mounted substantially between said pair of spaced apart disc members, the improvement which comprises; plurality of pairs of spaced radially projecting pins between each succeeding pair of said rollers, said pins mounted upon said transverse wall member, including a first pair of radially projecting pins adjacent said second roller, the pins of said first pair being spaced a distance approximately equal to the diameter of said compressible tube, and wherein the pins of each succeeding pair of said radially projecting pins approaching said first roller being spaced a distance greater than that of said preceding pair of radially projecting pins, and means for slidably mounting said pumping shoe adjacent said rotary member for movement between proximate and distal positions with respect to said rotary member, said proximate position being the normal operating position of said pumping shoe,

and said distal position being a sufficient distance" from said rotary member for the insertion and removal of said compressible tube therebetween.

8. The peristaltic pump of claim 7 wherein said means for slidably mounting said pumping shoe adja- 10 cent said rotary member includes a slidable tube support bracket upon which said pumping shoe is mounted.

9. The peristaltic pump of claim 8 including reciprocating clamp means and bias means urging said reciprocating clamp means into cooperating engagement with said tube support bracket to retain said compressible tube therebetween.

10. The peristaltic pump of claim 8 including a stationary member mounted on said housing, slide means communicating with said stationary member for slidable engagement with said tube support bracket, and bias means disposed between said stationary member and said tube support bracket urging said tube support bracket towards said rotary member.

11. The peristaltic pump of claim 10 including reciprocating clamp means and bias means urging said reciprocating clamp means into cooperating engagement with said tube support bracket to retain said compress ible tube therebetween.

12. In a peristaltic pump for intermittantly occluding a compressible tube including:

a housing; a rotary member mounted for rotation on said housing; plurality of rollers carried by said rotary member for sequentially occluding said compressible tube, including a first roller for initially occluding said compressible tube, and a second roller for subsequently occluding said compressible tube, and; pumping shoe mounted on said housing adjacent said rotary member, whereby a compressible tube mounted on said housing between said rotary member and said pumping shoe is intermittantly occluded upon rotation of said rotary member, the improvement which comprises; means carried by said rotary member for reshaping said compressible tube following each intermittant occlusion thereof, and

means for slidably mounting said pumping shoe adjacent said rotary member for movement between proximate and distal positions with respect to said rotary member, said proximate position being the normal operating position of said pumping shoe, and said distal position being a sufficient distance from said rotary member for the insertion and removal of said compressible tube therebetween,

said means for slidably mounting said pumping shoe including a slidable tube support bracket upon which said pumping shoe is mounted, and

reciprocating clamp means and bias means urging said reciprocating clamp means into cooperating engagement with said tube support bracket to retain said compressible tube therebetween.

13. The peristaltic pump of claim 12 including a stationary member mounted on said housing, slide means communicating with said stationary member for slidable engagement with said tube support bracket, and bias means disposed between said stationary member and said tube support bracket urging said tube support bracket towards said rotary member.

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Referenced by
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Classifications
U.S. Classification417/477.11
International ClassificationF04B43/12, A61M5/142
Cooperative ClassificationA61M5/14232, F04B43/1284
European ClassificationA61M5/142G8, F04B43/12G8
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Aug 1, 1988AS02Assignment of assignor's interest
Owner name: ALPHAMEDICS MFG. CORP.
Effective date: 19760630
Owner name: WARNER-LAMBERT COMPANY, 201 TABOR ROAD, MORRIS PLA
Aug 1, 1988ASAssignment
Owner name: WARNER-LAMBERT COMPANY, 201 TABOR ROAD, MORRIS PLA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:ALPHAMEDICS MFG. CORP.;REEL/FRAME:004925/0692
Effective date: 19760630
Owner name: WARNER-LAMBERT COMPANY, A CORP. OF DE, NEW JERSEY
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:ALPHAMEDICS MFG. CORP.;REEL/FRAME:004925/0692