|Publication number||US3920006 A|
|Publication date||Nov 18, 1975|
|Filing date||Jan 2, 1974|
|Priority date||Jan 2, 1974|
|Publication number||US 3920006 A, US 3920006A, US-A-3920006, US3920006 A, US3920006A|
|Original Assignee||Roy Lapidus Inc|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (7), Referenced by (117), Classifications (11)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent 11 1 1111 3,
Lapidus 5] Nov. 18, 1975 INFLATABLE DEVICE FOR HEALING 0F 2,245,909 10/1937 Enfiajian .1 l28/DlG. 20 TISSUE 2.533504 12/1950 Poor 128/24 R 2,998,817 9/1961 Armstrong... 128/184 X Inventor: y p Newton, Mass- 3.468.299 9/1969 DAmato 7. 128/402 ux 3.701349 lO/l972 Larson 128/821  Asslgnee. Roy La ldus, lnc., Needha Mass- 3,824,992 7/1974 Nicholson et al. 128/24 R  Filed: Jan. 2, 1974  Ap 429 599 Primary E.\'aminerLawrence W. Trapp Attorney, Agent, or FirmJoseph Zallen 52 us. c1. l28/24J; 128/40; 128/64;
l28/82.l; 128/184 ABSTRACT hilt. Cl. An inflatable and deflatable flexible Structure fitted Fleld of Search and Over a portion of the y Surface Such as a 128/24 limb which has undergone surgery. The structure has perforations preferably on one surface only and 1s References Cited 3331;205:218 SLtloelair pressure means which injects air UNITED STATES PATENTS 1.777.982 10/1930 Popp 128/402 x 4 7 D'awmg F'gures US. Patent Nov. 18, 1975 Sheet 1 of2 3,920,006
U.S. Patent Nov. 18, 1975 Sheet2of2 3,920,006
INFLATABLE DEVICE FOR HEALING OF TISSUE BACKGROUND OF INVENTION This invention relates to therapeutic devices which aid in the healing of tissue. In particular, this invention relates to such devices whichcan be used postoperatively in surgery to reduce edema, blood clotting, and injury to new tissue. Most particularly, this invention relates to such devices which can be used postoperatively to aid in the healing of a limb which has undergone amputation.
Where a limb had been amputated, it is medically necessary to apply a tight dressing in order to obtain proper healing. Such dressing normally takes the form of a massive cast formed over a woven or knitted tightfitting cover such as a nylon sock. Inasmuch as the tight dressing such as the cast must be kept in position for an extended period of time, the patient is quite uncomfortable and further, often encounters improper tissue healing and possible infection.
One object of the present invention is to provide a device .whichwill provide a tight dressing but will be more comfortable to the patient than a conventional SUMMARY or INVENTION This invention comprises generally an inflatable and deflatable flexible structure which is fitted and held over a portion of the body surface, such as a limb. The structure has perforations preferably only on the surface that faces the body surface and is connected to air compressor means which periodically injects air under pressure. The air inflates the structure then passes out through the orifices adjacent the body surface. This periodic inflating and deflating of air provides both a current of air adjacent the limb as well as a massaging or rippling action on the body surface. The invention can be used in two general ways. One is to aid in the healing of a limb which has undergone amputation. In such case the device is fitted and held over the stump of the amputated limb which has been previously covered with a woven or knitted cover. In another use of this invention, the device is wrapped around one or more limbs either before, during or after surgery so as to provide a massaging action which tends to contribute to the reduction of edema and formation of blood clots by improving the venous blood return.
The invention can be made in several different forms. In one form the structure is divided into several individual contiguous portions, each fed separately with compressed air and having conforming transverse walls. In this embodiment, the user can select a desired pattern such as consecutive pulsing or alternate pulsing to give different massaging and air flow effects.
Another embodiment of this invention is a single, inflatable structure provided with transverse walls so that air flows in from one end and then through the entire structure.
\ rippling pressure.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is perspective viewof one embodiment of this invention in position on the stump of an amputated limb.
FIG. 2 is a plan view of the device shown in FIG. 1. FIG. 3 is a partial sectional view along line 33 of FIG. 1.
FIG. 4 is a plan view of second embodiment of this invention, adapted for use on a limb to aid venous blood return after surgery.
FIG. 5 is a partial sectional view along line 55 of FIG. 4.
FIG. 6 is a plan view of a third embodiment of this invention, to be used in the manner of FIG. 1.
FIG. 7 is a partial sectional view along line 77 of FIG. 6.
SPECIFIC EXAMPLES OF INVENTION Referring now to FIGS. 1, 2 and 3, there is illustrated therein an embodiment of this invention particularly adapted for use on the stump of an amputated limb and having a structure made of two separate, interlacing but altematingly inflatable portions. The device shown generally as 10 is made of two thin, flexible plastic sheets, 10a and 10b, heat-sealed as illustrated to form two inflatable sections, 15 and 16, separated by transverse walls, 11, formed by heatsealing. The upper surface as illustrated in FIG. 2 has minute needle-sized perforations, 15a and 16a. The device is otherwise totally enclosed except for the connections, 15b and 16b, to a controllable source of compressed air. The source can be a small compressor, for example, one which can deliver in the range of 1 to 2 cubic feet per minute. Various air compressor arrangements can be used, as for example, one with a slowly rotating distributor valve which can give a variety of cycles, e.g., inflate one section of the device for from 1 to 15 seconds, then inflate the second section of the device for from 1 to 15 seconds, etc. Air in the section not being inflated will pass out through the pores 15a and 16a allowing return tov atmospheric pressure.
The device is provided with an attaching means, as for example, straps 13 and 14, and has an extension, 12, connected with inflatable section 15 to fit over the end of the stump. In use on the stump of an amputated limb, the device is placed over a woven or knitted cover, as for example, a nylon sock, 21, which is fitted over the stump, 20. The alternate inflating and deflating sequence as illustrated in FIG. 3, not only causes motion of air through the nylon sock to the limb, but also exerts a pressure on the limb so as to give a massaging action and thus stimulate circulation. The patient is more comfortable than with a solid cast. Fur- 3 ther, the problems of edema, blood clotting, infection and improper tissue healing are reduced.
The embodiment illustrated in FIGS, 4 and 5 is shown generally by the Numeral 40. It comprises in this instance a device adapted for general use after surgery, as for example abdominal or thoracic surgery. It consists of a number of independent, inflatable sections, 41-47, formed by heat-sealing of flexible, thin plastic sheets, 40a and 40b, so as to form separating transverse walls, 15, and intermediate transverse walls, 50. Each section has connection means, 41a-47a, to a controllable compressed air source which is arranged to give alternate or sequential inflation. The top surface of each section has needle-like pores, 41b47b. When one section is not being inflated, the air escapes through the pores to the limb, and thus produces massaging action which stimulates circulation, thus contributing to the reduction of blood clots and edema.
The embodiment illustrated generally as 60 in FIGS. 6 and 7 is also made by heat-sealing thin flexible plastic sheets, 60a and 60b, to form transverse walls, 61. There is, in effect, one single inflatable chamber, 64a, with pores, 64b, on its upper surface.
constrictions can be placed at the ends of the transverse passages by appropriate heat-sealing so that instead of being uniform, the flow can be slower in the 4 top portion than in the input portion with 62 connections to compressed air means. This is illustrated by the cross section of FIG. 7.
1. A therapeutic device comprising an inflatable and deflatable, flexible tubular member shaped to flt over and be held on a body surface and having perforations on the surface of the member facing the body surface, and means for holding said member in position on said body surface; said tubular member comprising a plurality of independent, separately inflatable sections, each having an opening connecting to a pulsing supply of compressed air; said device being characterized in that deflation occurs solely by the passage of air through said perforations; said separate inflatable sections, perforations and air supply proving a massaging action on said body surface.
2. The therapeutic device of claim 1 shaped to fit over a limb or portion of a limb.
3. The therapeutic device of claim 1 wherein there are two separate, interlacing but alternatingly inflatable sections.
4. The therapeutic device of claim 1 wherein there are a plurality of independent, parallel, transversely oriented, inflatable sections,
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1777982 *||Jun 10, 1929||Oct 7, 1930||Popp Karl||Hot-air mat|
|US2245909 *||Oct 19, 1937||Jun 17, 1941||Enfiajian Helen||Cushioning and supporting device|
|US2533504 *||Apr 19, 1948||Dec 12, 1950||Philip Sampson J||Therapeutic apparatus|
|US2998817 *||Aug 7, 1959||Sep 5, 1961||Gary Armstrong Stebbins||Inflatable massaging and cooling mattress|
|US3468299 *||Dec 20, 1967||Sep 23, 1969||Amato Carl D||Air-conditioned garment|
|US3701349 *||May 13, 1971||Oct 31, 1972||Larson Leighton W||Bi-valved cast|
|US3824992 *||Mar 16, 1973||Jul 23, 1974||Clinical Technology Inc||Pressure garment|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4091804 *||Dec 10, 1976||May 30, 1978||The Kendall Company||Compression sleeve|
|US4156425 *||Aug 10, 1977||May 29, 1979||The Kendall Company||Protective compression sleeve|
|US4197837 *||Jan 15, 1979||Apr 15, 1980||American Hospital Supply Corporation||Inflatable-deflatable pad and air control system therefor|
|US4206751 *||Mar 31, 1978||Jun 10, 1980||Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company||Intermittent compression device|
|US4207876 *||Jan 12, 1979||Jun 17, 1980||The Kendall Company||Compression device with ventilated sleeve|
|US4311135 *||Oct 29, 1979||Jan 19, 1982||Brueckner Gerald G||Apparatus to assist leg venous and skin circulation|
|US4391009 *||Oct 17, 1980||Jul 5, 1983||Huntleigh Medical Ltd.||Ventilated body support|
|US4453538 *||Nov 18, 1980||Jun 12, 1984||Whitney John K||Medical apparatus|
|US4597384 *||Jun 29, 1984||Jul 1, 1986||Gaymar Industries, Inc.||Sequential compression sleeve|
|US4608041 *||Oct 11, 1982||Aug 26, 1986||Frese Nielsen||Device for treatment of wounds in body tissue of patients by exposure to jets of gas|
|US4773397 *||Jun 22, 1987||Sep 27, 1988||Wright Linear Pump, Inc.||Apparatus for promoting flow of a body fluid within a human limb|
|US4922893 *||May 13, 1988||May 8, 1990||Wright Linear Pump, Inc.||Method for promoting flow of a body fluid within a human limb|
|US5103518 *||Aug 1, 1989||Apr 14, 1992||Bio Clinic Corporation||Alternating pressure pad|
|US5396896 *||May 15, 1991||Mar 14, 1995||Chrono Dynamics, Ltd.||Medical pumping apparatus|
|US5443440 *||Jun 11, 1993||Aug 22, 1995||Ndm Acquisition Corp.||Medical pumping apparatus|
|US5584798 *||Mar 31, 1995||Dec 17, 1996||Novamedix Limited||Medical inflatable cuff appliance|
|US5643155 *||Oct 11, 1995||Jul 1, 1997||Kallassy; Charles||Aquatic exercise device|
|US5671751 *||Mar 21, 1995||Sep 30, 1997||Lrc Holding Company, Inc.||Medical pumping apparatus|
|US5769801 *||Oct 7, 1994||Jun 23, 1998||Ndm Acquisition Corp.||Medical pumping apparatus|
|US5820530 *||Mar 24, 1997||Oct 13, 1998||Kallassy; Charles||Aquatic exercise device|
|US5840049 *||Sep 7, 1995||Nov 24, 1998||Kinetic Concepts, Inc.||Medical pumping apparatus|
|US5931797 *||Dec 23, 1997||Aug 3, 1999||Kinetic Concepts, Inc.||Medical pumping apparatus|
|US6129688 *||Sep 6, 1996||Oct 10, 2000||Aci Medical||System for improving vascular blood flow|
|US6179804||Aug 18, 1999||Jan 30, 2001||Oxypatch, Llc||Treatment apparatus for wounds|
|US6358219||Jun 27, 2000||Mar 19, 2002||Aci Medical||System and method of improving vascular blood flow|
|US6488643||Oct 8, 1998||Dec 3, 2002||Kci Licensing, Inc.||Wound healing foot wrap|
|US6572594||Jan 29, 2001||Jun 3, 2003||R.S. Medical Equipment Llc||Skin treatment using neuromuscular stimulation and a treatment gas containing medicine|
|US6648840||Jul 28, 1997||Nov 18, 2003||Salton, Inc.||Microcontroller based massage system|
|US6726646 *||Feb 20, 2002||Apr 27, 2004||Neil R. Bacheldor||Brace cushion|
|US6786879||Jun 24, 1998||Sep 7, 2004||Kci Licensing, Inc.||Gradient sequential compression system for preventing deep vein thrombosis|
|US7044924||Jun 2, 2000||May 16, 2006||Midtown Technology||Massage device|
|US7282038||Feb 23, 2004||Oct 16, 2007||Tyco Healthcare Group Lp||Compression apparatus|
|US7540283||Feb 24, 2005||Jun 2, 2009||Aoti, Inc.||Hyperbaric oxygen devices and delivery methods|
|US7771376||Jan 25, 2006||Aug 10, 2010||Midtown Technology Ltd.||Inflatable massage garment|
|US7823219||Sep 27, 2004||Nov 2, 2010||Angiosome, Inc.||Decubitus ulcer prevention and treatment|
|US7871387||Feb 23, 2004||Jan 18, 2011||Tyco Healthcare Group Lp||Compression sleeve convertible in length|
|US7922678||Nov 7, 2008||Apr 12, 2011||Aoti, Inc.||Wound treatment device|
|US7931606||Dec 12, 2005||Apr 26, 2011||Tyco Healthcare Group Lp||Compression apparatus|
|US8016778||Apr 9, 2007||Sep 13, 2011||Tyco Healthcare Group Lp||Compression device with improved moisture evaporation|
|US8016779||Apr 9, 2007||Sep 13, 2011||Tyco Healthcare Group Lp||Compression device having cooling capability|
|US8021388||Oct 8, 2008||Sep 20, 2011||Tyco Healthcare Group Lp||Compression device with improved moisture evaporation|
|US8029450||Apr 9, 2007||Oct 4, 2011||Tyco Healthcare Group Lp||Breathable compression device|
|US8029451||Oct 14, 2008||Oct 4, 2011||Tyco Healthcare Group Lp||Compression sleeve having air conduits|
|US8034007||Apr 9, 2007||Oct 11, 2011||Tyco Healthcare Group Lp||Compression device with structural support features|
|US8034008||Nov 7, 2008||Oct 11, 2011||Aoti, Inc.||Access port for flexible wound treatment devices|
|US8048044||Aug 11, 2008||Nov 1, 2011||Stryker Corporation||Drug delivery system|
|US8070699||Apr 9, 2007||Dec 6, 2011||Tyco Healthcare Group Lp||Method of making compression sleeve with structural support features|
|US8079970||Sep 22, 2010||Dec 20, 2011||Tyco Healthcare Group Lp||Compression sleeve having air conduits formed by a textured surface|
|US8109892||Apr 9, 2007||Feb 7, 2012||Tyco Healthcare Group Lp||Methods of making compression device with improved evaporation|
|US8114117||Sep 30, 2008||Feb 14, 2012||Tyco Healthcare Group Lp||Compression device with wear area|
|US8128584||Apr 9, 2007||Mar 6, 2012||Tyco Healthcare Group Lp||Compression device with S-shaped bladder|
|US8162861||Apr 2, 2008||Apr 24, 2012||Tyco Healthcare Group Lp||Compression device with strategic weld construction|
|US8235923||Sep 30, 2008||Aug 7, 2012||Tyco Healthcare Group Lp||Compression device with removable portion|
|US8506508||Apr 9, 2007||Aug 13, 2013||Covidien Lp||Compression device having weld seam moisture transfer|
|US8529527||May 30, 2008||Sep 10, 2013||Aoti, Inc.||Controller for an extremity hyperbaric device|
|US8539647||Jul 19, 2006||Sep 24, 2013||Covidien Ag||Limited durability fastening for a garment|
|US8597215||Sep 16, 2011||Dec 3, 2013||Covidien Lp||Compression device with structural support features|
|US8622942||Nov 11, 2011||Jan 7, 2014||Covidien Lp||Method of making compression sleeve with structural support features|
|US8632840||Jan 31, 2012||Jan 21, 2014||Covidien Lp||Compression device with wear area|
|US8636678||Jul 1, 2008||Jan 28, 2014||Covidien Lp||Inflatable member for compression foot cuff|
|US8652079||Apr 2, 2010||Feb 18, 2014||Covidien Lp||Compression garment having an extension|
|US8704034 *||Nov 7, 2008||Apr 22, 2014||Aoti, Inc.||Triple modality wound treatment device|
|US8721575||Jan 31, 2012||May 13, 2014||Covidien Lp||Compression device with s-shaped bladder|
|US8740828||Nov 9, 2011||Jun 3, 2014||Covidien Lp||Compression device with improved moisture evaporation|
|US8939961||May 30, 2008||Jan 27, 2015||Aoti, Inc.||Controller for an extremity hyperbaric device|
|US8992449||Aug 12, 2013||Mar 31, 2015||Covidien Lp||Method of making compression sleeve with structural support features|
|US9084713||Aug 22, 2011||Jul 21, 2015||Covidien Lp||Compression device having cooling capability|
|US9107793||Dec 2, 2013||Aug 18, 2015||Covidien Lp||Compression device with structural support features|
|US9114052||Mar 19, 2012||Aug 25, 2015||Covidien Lp||Compression device with strategic weld construction|
|US9174034||Nov 6, 2008||Nov 3, 2015||Aoti, Inc.||Adaptable topical hyperbaric device|
|US9205021||Jun 18, 2012||Dec 8, 2015||Covidien Lp||Compression system with vent cooling feature|
|US9211227||Nov 7, 2008||Dec 15, 2015||Aoti, Inc.||Pressure compensating seal with positive feedback|
|US9308393||Jan 15, 2015||Apr 12, 2016||Dri-Em, Inc.||Bed drying device, UV lights for bedsores|
|US9364037||Sep 9, 2013||Jun 14, 2016||Covidien Ag||Limited durability fastening for a garment|
|US9387146||Apr 8, 2013||Jul 12, 2016||Covidien Lp||Compression device having weld seam moisture transfer|
|US9421147||Jan 8, 2014||Aug 23, 2016||Aoti, Inc.||Controller for an extremity hyperbaric device|
|US9808395||Jul 20, 2015||Nov 7, 2017||Covidien Lp||Compression device having cooling capability|
|US20030139255 *||Oct 22, 2002||Jul 24, 2003||Kinetic Concepts, Inc.||Pneumatic compression device and methods for use in the medical field|
|US20060064800 *||Sep 27, 2004||Mar 30, 2006||Freund Robert M||Decubitus ulcer prevention and treatment|
|US20060185670 *||Feb 24, 2005||Aug 24, 2006||Phillip Loori||Hyperbaric oxygen devices and delivery methods|
|US20070135743 *||Dec 12, 2005||Jun 14, 2007||Ann Meyer||Compression apparatus|
|US20070260162 *||Jun 8, 2007||Nov 8, 2007||Tyco Healthcare Group Lp||Compression apparatus|
|US20070282233 *||Jun 11, 2007||Dec 6, 2007||Tyco Healthcare Group Lp||Compression apparatus|
|US20080234615 *||Jul 19, 2006||Sep 25, 2008||Novamedix Distribution Limited||Limited Durability Fastening for a Garment|
|US20080245361 *||Apr 9, 2007||Oct 9, 2008||Tyco Healthcare Group Lp||Compression Device with S-Shaped Bladder|
|US20080249442 *||Apr 9, 2007||Oct 9, 2008||Tyco Healthcare Group Lp||Breathable Compression Device|
|US20080249443 *||Apr 9, 2007||Oct 9, 2008||Tyco Healthcare Group Lp||Compression Device Having Weld Seam Moisture Transfer|
|US20080249444 *||Apr 9, 2007||Oct 9, 2008||Tyco Healthcare Group Lp||Compression Device with Structural Support Features|
|US20080249559 *||Apr 7, 2008||Oct 9, 2008||Tyco Healthcare Group Lp||Compression device with improved moisture evaporation|
|US20080306420 *||Mar 31, 2008||Dec 11, 2008||Tyco Healthcare Group Lp||Compression device with independently moveable inflatable member|
|US20090120433 *||May 30, 2008||May 14, 2009||Aoti, Inc.||Controller for an extremity hyperbaric device|
|US20090126727 *||May 30, 2008||May 21, 2009||Aoti, Inc.||Controller for an extremity hyperbaric device|
|US20090143719 *||Nov 6, 2008||Jun 4, 2009||Aoti, Inc.||Hyperbaric wound treatment device|
|US20090143720 *||Nov 7, 2008||Jun 4, 2009||Aoti, Inc.||Access port for flexible wound treatment devices|
|US20090143721 *||Nov 7, 2008||Jun 4, 2009||Aoti, Inc.||Wound treatment device|
|US20090143751 *||Nov 6, 2008||Jun 4, 2009||Aoti, Inc.||Adaptable topical hyperbaric device|
|US20090240191 *||Nov 7, 2008||Sep 24, 2009||Aoti, Inc.||Pressure compensating seal with positive feedback|
|US20090259169 *||Nov 7, 2008||Oct 15, 2009||Aoti, Inc.||Triple modality wound treatment device|
|US20100004575 *||Jul 1, 2008||Jan 7, 2010||Tyco Healthcare Group Lp||Inflatable member for compression foot cuff|
|US20100081975 *||Sep 30, 2008||Apr 1, 2010||Tyco Healthcare Group Lp||Compression Device with Removable Portion|
|US20100198122 *||Apr 13, 2010||Aug 5, 2010||Angiosome, Inc.||Methods and apparatus for decubitus ulcer prevention and treatment|
|US20100210981 *||May 24, 2007||Aug 19, 2010||Werner Hofmann||Slimming apparatus that operates by improving cutaneous circulation|
|US20110009785 *||Sep 22, 2010||Jan 13, 2011||Tyco Healthcare Group Lp||Compression sleeve having air conduits formed by a textured surface|
|US20140128787 *||Jan 10, 2014||May 8, 2014||Swelling Solutions, Inc.||Compression device for the limb|
|US20150257968 *||Mar 11, 2015||Sep 17, 2015||Carl E. VAUSE||Soft conformal compression devices and methods|
|US20160000162 *||Jan 31, 2014||Jan 7, 2016||Mobilitas Health Group Forschungs- und Vertriebs- GmbH||Sleeve|
|USD608006||Oct 8, 2008||Jan 12, 2010||Tyco Healthcare Group Lp||Compression device|
|USD618358||Oct 8, 2008||Jun 22, 2010||Tyco Healthcare Group Lp||Opening in an inflatable member for a pneumatic compression device|
|USD755911 *||Feb 2, 2015||May 10, 2016||Joshua J. Fuglsby||Adjustable wrap for connection to resistance exercise equipment|
|CN103027832A *||Sep 28, 2012||Apr 10, 2013||泰科保健集团有限合伙公司||压缩套筒|
|DE202010005791U1||Apr 16, 2010||Jul 29, 2010||Scholz, Erich||Fitnessgürtel|
|EP2020979A1||May 24, 2007||Feb 11, 2009||Werner Hofmann||Slimming device that operates by improving cutaneous circulation|
|EP2859873A1||Jan 9, 2014||Apr 15, 2015||Airpressure Bodyforming GmbH||Fitness device|
|WO1983001388A1 *||Oct 11, 1982||Apr 28, 1983||Frese Nielsen||Device for treatment of wounds in body tissue of patients by exposure to jets of gas|
|WO1993010739A1 *||Nov 30, 1992||Jun 10, 1993||Daniel Maunier||Hydraulic massage and lymphatic drainage device|
|WO2007137313A1||May 24, 2007||Dec 6, 2007||Werner Hofmann||Slimming device that operates by improving cutaneous circulation|
|WO2014117984A1||Jan 9, 2014||Aug 7, 2014||Airpressure Bodyforming Gmbh||Piece of fitness equipment|
|U.S. Classification||601/151, 602/13, 604/293, 601/15, 604/23|
|Cooperative Classification||A61H9/0078, A61H2201/165, A61H2201/0214, A61H2201/025|