|Publication number||US3920169 A|
|Publication date||Nov 18, 1975|
|Filing date||Aug 22, 1974|
|Priority date||Sep 17, 1973|
|Also published as||CA1011501A1, DE2444457A1|
|Publication number||US 3920169 A, US 3920169A, US-A-3920169, US3920169 A, US3920169A|
|Inventors||Decaro Charles J|
|Original Assignee||Textron Inc|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (5), Referenced by (18), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent [191 DeCaro Nov. 18, 1975 DRIVING TOOLMECHANISM 3,741,455 6/1973 Wandel et al 227/120  Inventor: ggf gz i gz e g g? Pa Primary ExaminerGranville Y. Custer, Jr.
y Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Webb, Burden, Robinson &  Assignee: Textron Inc., Providence, RI. Webb 22 F1 1 A a v led ug 22, 1974  ABSTRACT  Appl. No.: 499,642
 Continuation-impart of Ser. No. 397,998, Sept. 17,
 U.S. Cl. 227/136; 227/95; 227/120  Int. Cl. 1325C 1/00  Field of Search 227/66, 93, 95, 120, 136
 References Cited V UNITED STATES PATENTS I 2,667,639 2/1954 Schick .227/95 X 2,946,059 7/1960 Wandel. 227/l36 3,027,560 4/1962 NlS0n.. 227/66 3,294,303 12/1966 Anstett 227/95 Related U.S. Application Data A mechanism for feeding a strip of metal fasteners to an impact tool for driving the fasteners into a workpiece includes a vbarrel, a magazine for holding and feeding the strip to a piston in the barrel and a bushing within the'barrel. The bushing is adapted to float between a first position where it engages the strip while a fastener is separated from the strip and driven and a second position where it'disengages the strip to permit the strip to be advanced by the magazine to align a successive fastener with the driving piston of the impact tool and to exit the used strip through an opening in the barrel. The strip is held between the bushing and the barrel or between the bushing and a portion of the magazine which extends into the barrel.
15 Claims, 19 Drawing Figures US. Patent Nov. 18,1975 Sheet 10f4 3,920,169
US. Patent Nov. 18, 1975 Sheet 3 of4 3,920,169
US. Patent Nov. 18, 1975 Sheet40f4 3,920,169
DRIVING TOOL MECHANISM This application is a continuation-in-part of my earlier filed, copending application, filed Sept. 17, 1973, bearing Ser. No. 397,998, now abandoned.
This invention relates to a tool and particularly to a mechanism for an impact tool which rapidly feeds fasteners from plastic strips into position for driving and which enables the fasteners to be disengaged from the strip in a continuous manner.
Power driven impact tools are used to drive metal fasteners in a variety of industrial applications. To increase the speed at which the fasteners can be driven and for the operators convenience, a plurality of fasteners have been mounted on a single strip, usually made of plastic material; the strip has been fed to an impacting means, such as a pneumatic gun, and the fasteners have been driven successively from the strip into a workpiece. Recently, an improved plastic strip has been introduced in which the fasteners are positioned on the'strip between two rails of plastic. It is an object of this strip construction that when a fastener is driven,
it carries with it a thin plastic part of the strip in which it is embedded between the rails and that the thin plastic part serves as a washer to seal the fastener with the workpiece.
In order to drive such a fastener it is important to design a mechanism which can rapidly and effectively engage and disengage the fastener strip to permit the fastener to be properly driven into the workpiece.
Attempts have been made to develop suitable mechanisms for feeding a strip of fasteners to an impact tool which can be easily loaded with the strip and which will not be jammed by the strip which is required to carry the fastener and in'certain applications provide a sealing washer on the driven fastener. One of these attempts involved the use of a standard pneumatic impact gun and an impacting piston or driver which extended within a cylindrical barrel connected to the barrel of the gun. A magazine, comprising a strip-carrying channel and slide means for advancing the strip, was mounted perpendicular to the piston and barrel. The leading end of the magazine was cammed to cooperate with the cylindrical barrel such that upon impact of the gun, the piston separated a fastener from the strip with its plastic washer, the strip rails fed through the barrel of the mechanism and another fastener was aligned with the piston for driving on the next stroke. There were several drawbacks in this design, however, including the fact that the first fastener in the magazine had to be aligned by hand with the impact piston to start the strip through the gun. In addition, it was difficult to feed the strip into the tool because of the close tolerances required in the barrel opening to support and hold the strip during the driving operation. Due to the relative softness of the plastic strip, the fasteners were not cleanly separated from the strip and the deformed plastic interferred with continuous operation of the feed mechanism. Since in this design the slide of the magazine could not be removed from the mechanism, the operator often was required to try to realign the deformed strip with the impact piston using one hand, working in the confined space between the barrel and the magazine slide. Another disadvantage of this type of mechanism was that very close manufacturing tolerances were required to insure that the strip was fed smoothly to the impact piston, properly held during 2 driving of the fastener and advanced to align the next fastener with the piston.
A further development in such mechanisms included extending the walls of the piston-carrying barrel so that the magazine was guided accurately with respect to the channel in which the strip was carried to prevent the strip from jamming in the mechanism. To do this, however, required even stricter tolerances and did not overcome the problems previously mentioned.
I have invented a feed mechanism for an impact tool which includes a magazine for holding a replaceable strip of fasteners and means for separating the fasteners from a part of the strip upon impact. The magazine holds and feeds the strip to the piston in the barrel. The means for separating the fasteners from the strip com prises a floating bushing which carries strip-holding edges at an end adjacent the strip. The bushing has limited movement in the barrel from a first position for holding the rails of the strip to a second position where it is disengaged from the strip to permit the strip to be advanced to align a new fastener with the driving piston. The rails are held between the bushing and the barrel or the bushing and a portion of the magazine which extends into the barrel. In a modification of the bushing, I have provided means, such as a ramped surface, for better aligning a fastener as it is driven under impact of the tool and cutting edges for facilitating re- .moval of the washer portion from the rail portion of the strip. In another modification, the bushing is made of a plurality of parts, adjustable with respect to each other,- to change the effective length of the bushing and consequently to determine the effective length of the stroke of the piston to control the action of the driven fastener. The bushing can likewise be rotated to position its fastener opening within the barrel. The bushing is readily interchangeable so that the workpiece contacting surface of different bushings may vary to conform to different workpiece profiles. The strip moving mechanism can be made adjustable to accommodate different strips and tolerance accumulations.
My invention enables a strip of fasteners to be initially properly loaded in an impact tool with substantial repeatability, and the fasteners to be driven without malfunction of the mechanism and in less time. In addition, the bushing retains the fastener in position and prevents the fastener from jamming within the driving FIG. 1 is a side elevational view of the mechanism of my'invention showing the tool prior to impact;
FIG. 2 is a partial end view of the magazine;
FIG. 2A is an enlarged end view of a portion of the magazine and slide;
FIG. 3 is a view taken along lines III-III of FIG. 2;
FIG. 4 is an enlarged side view of the floating bushing of the invention showing its relation to a strip of fasteners;
FIG. 5 is an enlarged end view similar to FIG. 4;
FIG. 6 shows a modification of the bushing of FIGS. 4 and 5;
FIG. 7 is a top view of the bushing of FIG. 6;
FIG. 8 shows the mechanism of FIG. 1 in position immediately after impact of the piston;
FIG. 9 shows a further modification of the bushing,
FIG. 9A is a plan view of the bushing of FIG. 9;
3 FIG. shows the bushing with a modified works contacting head;
FIG. 11 is a side elevational view of a modified tool; FIG. 12 is an end view of a portion of the modified tool;
FIG. 13 is a section through an adjustable stop for the driving piston;
FIG. 14 is a section through the strip moving mechanism of the modified tool;
FIG. 15 is a section through the strip moving mechanism in an extended position;
FIG. 16 is an elevational view of a bushing having a cutting edge; and 7 FIG. 17 is a schematic of a bushing having a helical slot.
Referring to FIG. 1, mechanism 10 for holding and feeding a fastener disposed in strip material is connected by screw threads 12 of a sleeve 14 to a conventional impact driving tool 16. A barrel 18 is moveably disposed within the sleeve and carries a reciprocable piston 20 actuatable by impact of the tool to drive a fastener, such as a nail, into a workpiece. The cross-sectional configuration of the barrel and slide is not criticaL-but I prefer a square cross-section for both because of the inherent strength characteristics. A coil spring 22 is disposed between an end of the barrel l8 and the end of the sleeve 14 to urge the barrel in a direction away from the impact tool. However, if the gun is used in a vertical position the spring may be eliminated. A floating bushing 24 fits within the end of the barrel as will be explained in further detail hereinafter.
A magazine 15 extends perpendicular to the end of the barrel which carries the floating bushing. The sidewall of the barrel and the bushing opposite the magazine 15 are open and aligned to permit a fastener to be advanced by the magazine into alignment with the piston for driving by the impact tool.
The magazine 15 (FIGS. 2, 2A and 3) comprises a U-shaped frame 25 having upstanding legs 27 with opposed longitudinal grooves 29 extending toward the barrel 18. A clip 26 having a pair of outwardly extending lugs 31 engageable in grooves 29 is removably mounted on the frame. The clip includes two outer C- shaped channels for receiving strip 32 and for guiding the strip to the driving piston 20. The strip 32 is advanced (so that successive fasteners 36 can be driven) by a slide 28 which includes means such as lugs 38 which are engageable between the legs 27 of frame 25 and the C-shaped channels 30 permitting the slide to move toward and away from the barrel 18, FIG. 2A. Claw means 40 are secured to the top of the slide 28 and engageable with the strip 32. The claw means 40 includes a hook-shaped member 42 which is adapted to engage the strip 32 and which is resiliently attached to the slide 28 by flat spring 44 such that the hook-shaped member 42 disengages and rides over the strip 32 upon retraction of the slide 28 and engages the strip 32 upon advancement of the slide 28 to advance the strip 32 into alignment with the driving tool 16. The slide 28 is biased by at least one coil spring 46 (see FIG. 1) which is attached to the slide 28 and to the magazine 15 to urge the slide 28 along frame 25 of the magazine such that, after each impact, strip 32 is advanced by the slide 28 to present a new fastener 36 from the strip 32 to the impact piston 20. The slide 28 is retracted during each impact by the action of the sleeve 14, the leading edge 48 of which is rounded to engage a cammed surface 50 on the leading edge of the slide 28 to drive the slide 28 4 away from the barrel 18, the strip 32 being held in place by the floating bushing 24, as described hereinafter.
As the strip 32 advances and successive fasteners 36 are driven separating them from the strip 32 with a washer, two rails 52 are formed which advance through spaced openings 54 in the barrel 18, FIG. 3. After the strip 32 is exhausted of fasteners, the rails 52 fall out or are manually removed from openings 54 and discarded.
The floating bushing 24 (FIGS. 4 and 5) comprises tubular shank 56 and an enlarged head 58. The shank 56 is disposed in the end of the barrel l8 opposite the tool 16 and the enlarged head 58 is positioned immediately outside of barrel 18. The edges 60 on the end of the shank 56 opposite head 58 are adapted to engage the strip rails 52 to hold the strip 32 between the edges 60 and the barrel 18 adjacent the openings 54 during impact of the tool 16 to drive a fastener, FIGS. 3 and 5. The shank 56 of the bushing 24 has a longitudinal opening 62 to permit a fastener 36 to pass through it into alignment with the piston. The bushing 24 is retained in the barrel 18 by a set screw 64 (FIG. 1) which extends through the barrel 18 into a slot 66 in the sidewall of the bushing 24 opposite the opening 62. The length of the slot 66 determines the permissible movement of the bushing 24 in the barrel 18.
The bushing may be spring loaded multiple pins which engage rails 52, but preferably the bushing is made in one piece or as shown in FIG. 6, the enlarged end 58 may be threadably secured to the shank 56, thus making it possible to adjust the length of the bushing and thereby the effective length of the stroke of the driving piston. For example, if the end of a worn out piston is ground to provide a better contact surface with the fasteners to be driven, the head may be adjusted on the shank of the bushing to shorten it thereby maintaining the overall stroke as it was before the grinding. It is important to properly control the length of the stroke so as to properly drive a fastener into a workpiece without driving it short or driving it through the plastic washer.
The bushing may also include an edge ramp 68 (FIGS. 6 and 7) which is tapered inwardly and downwardly of the bushing sidewall to assist in alignment of any fastener during impact.
The bushing 24 may also include the stop 70 for the strip 32, FIG. 9. In the earlier embodiments the strip 32 was stopped when the washer carrying the fastener engaged the barrel l8, and the rails 52 of the strip 32 advanced through the spaced openings 54, FIG. 3. Stop 70 is merely an upward extension of part of the wall thickness of shank 56' so the stop 70 does not interfere with the movement of the piston 20 which passes through the central passageway of shank 56', FIG. 9A. By including the stop 70 with the bushing, the spaced openings can be replaced by a large slot (not shown) in the barrel to further simplify the loading and operation of the strip. The stop can be constructed to accommo date various strip configurations.
The head 58 of the bushing 24 may be configured to conform with the particular environment in which the fasteners are to be used. For example, where corrugated metal roofing is being installed, a bushing having a convexly contoured work contacting surface 72 can be employed to easily fit within the valleys of the corrugations, FIG. 10. The bushing is readily interchangeable by merely loosening the set screw 64, FIG. 1.
In operation, a plastic strip 32 of fasteners 36 is slipped into channels 30 such that the lead fastener 36 is positioned in alignment with the driving piston 20. The slide 28 of the magazine is pushed forwardly on the frame 25 until it engages the barrel 18 and the spring 46 is attached to the magazine 15 to maintain its forward position under the bias of the spring: 46. The impact tool 16 is then positioned such that the head 58 of the floating bushing 24"is secure against the workpiece. The continued downward movementof the tool 16 after bushing 24 is secure against the workpiece causes the top edge 60 of the bushing 2'4 to engage the strip 32 along the strip rails 52 for purposes of supporting and maintaining the strip 32in fixed position during driving. The impact tool 16 is triggered to drive the piston against the fastener 36, causing a part of the strip 32 to separate with'the fastener 36and to form a sealing washer for the fastener adjacent the workpiece under the impact. During driving the sleeve 14 abuts the cammed surface 50 of'the magazine slide 28 causing it to overcome the bias of spring 46 as shown in FIG. 8. In addition, as the tool 16 impacts and the piston 20 is driven against the fastener, the edges of the strip are maintained straight by the top edge 60 of the bushing 24 pressing against the lower edge of the strip. Upon completion of the impact stroke, the tool is removed from the workpiece and the floating bushing 24 which is now free to move (float) downward disengages from the strip 32. In addition sleeve 14 retracts relative to barrel l8 and under bias of the coil spring 22; As the sleeve 14 retracts the slide 28.0f the magazine 15 is urged forward by the spring 46 with the claw means 40 advancing the strip to align the next fastener in the strip withthe piston 20 while the side rails of the strip advance through the barrel l8. I
,The bushing moves, in any one stroke, between a first position wherein it supports and' holds rails 52 of the strip 32 against the barrel 18 in the area-adjacent openings54 during impact and a second position (FIG. 3) where it is disengaged from the rails 52 permitting the strip 32 to be advanced freely by the magazine slide 28 until the next impact.
I have illustrated a modified tool in FIGS. 11-16 wherein certain like parts are identified-with v-like numerals followed by a prime. I
The modified tool includes the barrel 18' over which sleeve 14 slides when impacted by piston-20,.FIG. 11. The magazine 15, however, is substantially altered from the earlier embodiment. Magazine 15 is secured to the barrel l8 and includes upper spaced and parallel rails 76 for accommodating the strip 32. Rails 76 through a rail extension 105 curve about and are secured to the bottom rail mount 92 by a set screw 78 which can also accommodate setting fixtures (not shown). Guide posts 77 extend upwardly from rails 76 to guide the side rails 52 of strip 32. Rails 76 extend all the way into the barrel 18, FIG. 14. Mounted atop of rails 76 within barrel 18 are C-shaped trackways 88 which accommodate the side rails 52 of strip 32. The rails 76 and trackways 88 are aligned with the top surface of the bushing 74, FIGS. 12 and 14, so that the side rails 52 of strip 32 can be engaged by the bushing 74 during impact, FIG. 15. During impact the rails 52 are retained between the bushing 74 and the upper inner surface 99 of trackways 88.
The slot 100 through which passes the exiting rails 52 is a single opening rather than spaced openings 54 as in the earlier embodiment. Therefore, the positioning of 6 the fastener 36 by the feeder mechanism 75 is critical since there is no stop against which the washer portion 94 of the strip 32 abuts as described hereinbefore.
' The feeder mechanism 75 is pivotably securedto the bottom rail mount 92 by pivot pin 101, FIG. 12. The strip 32 is engaged by spaced fingers 42 which are connected to a finger plate extension 86 which in turn is p'ivotally mounted to the feederymechanism 75 by pin 87. Return spring 84 connected between the finger plate extension 86and the feeder mechanism 75 urges the fingers 42 into engagement with the strip 32 during operation.
This operation is best illustrated in FIGS. 14 and 15. During animpact stroke, sleeve 14' moves down over barrel 18'. Sleeve 14' engages cam disc 80 which is secured to feeder mechanism 75. As sleeve 14 engages cam disc 80, feeder mechanism pivots about pin 101 and the fingers 42' slide back over the strip 32 to engage the strip 32 for its next advancement. After impact, flat spring 79 connected between cam disc 80 and rails 76 urge the feeder mechanism 75 forward as the sleeve 14 moves up over barrel 18'. As feeder mechanism 75 advances forward the strip 32 now engaged by the fingers 42 advances into the barrel 18' and positions the next fastener 36 into position, FIG. 14.
I have provided two adjustments on myfeeder mechanism 75 to accommodate tolerance accumulations and different fastener 36 or washer 94 spacings, FIG; 1 1. Cam disc 80 is mounted off center by cam screw 82 which also extends through cam washer'8l and threadably engages the feeder mechanism 75. By rotating cam disc 80 the positioning of the fasteners36 within the bushing 74 is altered. I have also mounted an L-shaped bracket 83 atop the feeder mechanism .75. A bolt 93 extends through bracket 83 and contacts barrel 18' to control the spacing between the barrel l8 and the feeder mechanism 75. Bolt 93 threadably engages adjusting nut 85 so as to permit adjustment for the desired spacing.
To further assure proper alignment of the fastener 36, I have provided an aligning pad 89 within the barrel 18 to lightly frictionally engage the top of the fastener 36 as it enters the barrel 18, FIG. 12. This frictional engagement merely removes any fastener cant and assists in directing the fastener 36 along the center line of the barrel 18'. j
The bushing 74 can be spring loaded, FIG. 14, by positioning a coil spring 90 between the enlarged head 58 and a counterbore 91 in the bottom oftthe barrel 18'. This permits the tool to beefficientlyused in the horizontal as well as vertical position.
In the bushing 74 illustrated in' FIG. 16, the upper edge is formed so as to form a knife edge to facilitate removal of the washer portion 94 from the rails 52. Such a construction is particularly useful where a soft plastic is utilized in forming the strip 32.
The bushing 74' can also be constructed so as to rotate during its axial movement, FIG. 17. The slot 66 in the shank 56' is helically formed so that as pressure is placed on the tool, the bushing 74' overcomes the frictional engagement of the head 58' to the workpiece and the bushing 74' rotates about the set screw 64'. The effect of this is to position the fastener entry slot 62' out of registry with the barrel opening for the fasteners. This eliminates the possiblity of the fastener being driven out of the barrel ifit is misaligned. The remaining operation, namely that of the bushing relative to the plastic strip 32, can be in accordance with any of 7 the earlier embodiments.
I. A mechanism for feeding a strip of metal fasteners to an impact tool having a reciprocable piston for driving the fasteners through an impact stroke into a workpiece comprising:
A. a barrel including an exit means extending through a wall thereof for attachment to the impact tool;
B. a magazine for holding the strip and disposed with respect to the barrel to feed the strip into the barrel in driving position with respect to the piston; and
C. a bushing disposed and secured within an end of the barrel and having an end positioned with respect to the strip to retainably engage edges of the strip between the bushing and the barrel wall adjacent the exit means during the impact stroke of the piston to permit separation of the fastener from the edges of the strip and to disengage from the strip after impact to permit advancement of the strip into the barrel and through the exit means.
2. The mechanism of claim I wherein a rail of the magazine extends into the barrel and the strip is retained between the bushing end and the rail.
3. A mechanism as set forth in claim 1 wherein the bushing is secured within the barrel by a set screw extending through a wall of the barrel and into a slot formed in a wall of the bushing.
4. A mechanism as set forth in claim 1 wherein the bushing comprises a tubular shank having an enlarged head positioned outside the barrel and a shank disposed within the barrel of the mechanism.
5. A mechanism as set forth in claim 4 including a spring positioned between the enlarged head of the bushing and the barrel so as to urge the bushing into an extended position.
6. A mechanism as set forth in claim 1 wherein the edges of the strip comprise a pair of plastic rails between which the fasteners to be driven are held, and the bushing includes a tubular shank having cutting edges on its upper end for engaging the strip rails during driving of the fastener by the tool and for facilitating separation of the fastener.
7. A mechanism as set forth in claim 1 wherein the magazine includes a strip trackway and a feeder mechanism having finger means for engaging the strip and a spring loaded pivotable cam means engageable by a sleeve surrounding the barrel during the impact stroke to slide the finger means rearward over the strip and to permit engagement of the strip thereby for advancement along the trackway into the barrel.
8. The mechanism of claim 7 wherein the cam means includes a disc off center rotatably connected to the feeder mechanism so as to be adjustable through rotation about the connection.
9. In a mechanism for feeding metal fasteners to an impact tool for driving into a workpiece, which mechanism comprises a barrel having a reciprocable piston actuatable by the tool and a magazine forfeeding a strip of fasteners through an entry slot of the barrel for impacting by the piston, the improvement comprising a bushing comprising a tubular shank having an enlarged head at its lower end, an entry slot in registry with the barrel entry slot and edges on the upper end for holding the strip during impacting, said shank being disposed within the end of the barrel removed from the tool and movable between a first position where the edges engage the strip during impacting of the fastener and a second position after impacting where the edges of the bushing are disengaged from the strip.
10. A mechanism as set forth in claim 9 wherein a slot is provided in the shank of said bushing for admitting a fastener to the driving position within the barrel,
the bottom of the slot being tapered inwardly toward the center of the bushing to facilitate alignment of the fastener with the piston during driving of the fastener.
11. A mechanism as set forth in claim 9 wherein said bushing head is threaded to the lower end of the tubular shank whereby the length of the bushing can be changed to maintain the effective length of the stroke despite any change in the length of the driving piston.
12. A mechanism as set forth in claim 9, said bushing having a slot in the tubular shank adjacent the barrel wall and a screw extending through the wall into the slot in the bushing shank to limit movement of the bushing within the barrel.
13. The mechanism as set forth in claim 12 wherein said bushing slot is helically formed so that the bushing rotates during movement between the first and second position thereby positioning the bushing entry slot out of registry with the barrel entry slot.
14. A mechanism as set forth in claim 9, said bushing including a stop means positioned on the end of the shank opposite the head and away from said magazine to stop the movement of the strip between successive impact strokes.
15. A mechanism as set forth in claim 9 wherein the enlarged head of said bushing includes a contoured work contacting surface.
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|U.S. Classification||227/136, 227/95, 227/120|