US 3921953 A
This is a device for forming vents or bores in concrete walls or floors. Basically, it consists of a sleeve containing a semi-rigid thermoplastic material or the like and means incorporated therein which, when ignited, either melt or burn out the core. These are inserted within the forms or on the floor surface prior to the pouring of concrete or the like and may remain in place in the finished wall or floor until they are required. In one embodiment, the entire core may be removed after ignition and in another, a flexible material such as sponge rubber or plastic is used which softens after a central core has been ignited. This enables a pipe such as a water pipe to be pushed through the softened material which seals therearound thus forming a sealed junction where the pipe extends through the wall.
Claims available in
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
United States Patent [1 1 Diener NOV. 25, I975 l l CUHBL'STIBLE CORE WITH INTERIOR PIPE HOLDING MEANS Erhard Armin Diener, Saskatoom Canada  lmentor:
[731 Assignee; Industrial Dewlopment Bank.
Saskatoon Canada 23 riictr m). 7 1974 31 .\ppl NU 440,589
[3t]! Foreign Application Priority Data [Sll LS (Tlv 249/62; 249/|77:415/D[G. l2 lill InLClr v i I I I t i i. 8283 7/34 [51%| Field of SearchHmm. 249/6l-63, Z-WllVT-l 7t, l83-l84. 264/3l7. DIG. 44; 425/DIG. l2
[F l References Cited LNITED STATES PATENTS ll lfihl MIHl SlUl/ I W 249/183 IFMLl WW5: Wilhelm et al v 249/62 lltthli lH Ttl lii \K'itlnck 1JWl77 Miclalak 249/9l Hilgcman. Jr t. 149/61 3.l97.l7l 3.631.724
Primary Emmi:ierRobert D, Baldwin Assistant Emmincr-John McQuade Attorney, Agent. or Firm-startle G Ade l 5 7 l ABSTRACT This is a device for forming \ents or bores in concrete walls or floors Basically it consists of a sleme containing a semi-rigid thermoplastic material or the like and means incorporated therein ultich. when ignited. either melt or burn out the core. These are inserted within the forms or on the floor surface prior to the pouring of concrete or the like and ma remain in place in the finished wall or floor until they are required, In one embodiment, the entire core may be removed after ignition and in another; a flexible material such as sponge rubber or plastic is used which softens after a central core has been ignited, This enables a pipe such as a water pipe to be pushed through the softened material which seals therearound thus forming a sealed junction where the pipe extends through the wall.
10 Claims, 12 Drawing Figures U.S. Patent Nov.25, 1975 SheetlofZ 3,921,953
US. Patent Nov. 25, 1975 Sheet2of2 3,921,953
COMBUSTIBLE CORE WITH INTERIOR PIPE HOLDING MEANS BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to new and useful improvements in the formation of holes or vents in concrete floors or walls.
Normally, a metal sleeve or the like is installed prior to the pouring ofconcrete which is then removed when the concrete has set. Alternatively. the concrete has to be drilled in order to form the hole through which various pipes. conduits and the like are required to pass. Such conduits may include dryer vents, bathroom vents. air intakes, venting openings, water, gas and electrical conduits and the like.
The present methods suffer from several disadvantages. Obviously when concrete has to be drilled after it has set, considerable time and effort is required. Furthermore, it is difficult to form an aperture through a concrete wall which is of the correct dimension and which is provided with relatively smooth sides. This means that the wall has to be patched and filled after the conduit or the like has been extended through the concrete wall or floor.
The metal sleeve also suffers from several disadvantages inasmuch as it is usually relatively thin walled which wall is easily distorted during the pouring of the concrete. Furthermore, when the walls and/or floor are poured, it is not always known exactly where such vents are required and furthermore, if they are not required immediately, they have to be temporarily filled or sealed in order to preserve the integrity of the wall or floor.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention overcomes these disadvantages by providing a core form device which, in the case of walls, may be placed between the forms prior to the pouring of concrete and which, in the case of floors, may be placed in the desired location prior to the pouring of the concrete floor.
Once of the concrete has been set and forms are removed, the device may be fired immediately or may be left until it is desired to form a hole or vent through the concrete wall. If the vent is not required at the present time, the device completely seals the wall and may be left until it is desired to utilize such a hole or bore within the wall or floor.
The device includes a semi-rigid core of a cellular thermoplastic material together with an ignition cord or the like embedded therein which, when fired, either melts or partially burns the core so that the aperture or bore is easily cleared out and ready to receive the conduit or sleeve which will pass through the wall.
The principal object and essence of the invention is therefore to provide a device of the character herewithin described which can be inserted within the wall forms or placed upon the floor supporting surface whereupon concrete or the like can be poured therearound to embed the device therein. In the wall embodiment, the ends of the device are then flush with the outer surfaces of the concrete once the forms are removed and with the floor device, the upper surface is just below the surface of the concrete floor and this particular device includes an upstanding indicator device so that it can be readily located when desired.
Another object of the invention is to provide a device of the character herewithin described which. when used between concrete forms. is compressible in length within limits to facilitate the engagement thereof between the forms. Furthermore, the ends include friction grip means which will engage the wood forms and locate the device in the desired position and maintain same in this position during the pouring of the concrete or the like therein between the forms.
Another object of the invention is to provide a device of the character herewithin described, one embodiment of which permits the pipe to be inserted through the device and to be sealed therein once it has been so inserted.
Summarizing, a device is provided which enables holes or bores of any diameter within reason. to be formed in concrete walls or floors after the pouring thereof and after the walls have hardened and the forms have been removed.
With the foregoing objects in view, and other such objects and advantages as will become apparent to those skilled in the art to which this invention relates as this specification proceeds, my invention consists es' sentially in the arrangement and construction of parts all as hereinafter more particularly described, reference being had to the accompanying drawings in which:
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a side elevation of one embodiment of the device in the fully compressed condition.
FIG. 2 is a view similar to FIG. 1, but showing same between two forms and in the expanded position.
FIG. 3 is a longitudinal cross-sectional view of FIG. 2.
FIG. 4 is an enlarged fragmentary cross sectional view of the upper cover portion of FIG. 3.
FIG. 5 is a side elevation of an alternative embodiment of the device.
FIG. 6 is a top plan view of FIG. 5.
FIG. 7 is a fragmentary longitudinal sectional view of FIG. 5.
FIG. 8 is a partial cross sectional view of a concrete floor showing a further embodiment of the device situated therein.
FIG. 9 is a cross sectional view of the device shown in FIG. 8.
FIG. 10 is a fragmentary isometric view of a concrete wall form showing one of the devices inserted therebetween.
FIG. II is an enlarged fragmentary side elevation showing one method of friction gripping of the device against the form.
FIG. 12 shows a fragmentary isometric view of a formed concrete wall with the device in use therein.
In the drawings like characters of reference indicate corresponding parts in the different figures.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION Processing therefore to describe the invention in detail, reference should first be made to FIG. I0 which illustrates a portion of a concrete form structure [0 for forming concrete walls 11 and it will be noted that the form structure I0 includes an inner form I2 and an outer form 13 maintained in spaced and parallel relationship one with the other. Concrete or the like is poured between these forms and when the concrete hardens, the forms are stripped off thus leaving the concrete walls 11 as clearly shown in FIG. 12.
When it is desired to provide apertures or vent means through these walls. the device of the present invention is utilized and dealing first with the embodiment illustrated in FIGS. 1, 2 and 3, the device includes a cylindrical sleeve 14 made of plastic, cardboard or the like and being surrounded by a flexible plastic wrap 15 which is twisted at the ends 16 to enclose the device and to prevent moisture from entering therein.
Sliding end caps 16' and 17 are provided, said end caps including an annular flange portion l8 and a circular end disc portion 19. The annular flange portions are slidably engaged within the ends of the cylindrical sleeve 14.
Situated within the sleeve 14 and in a slidable rela' tionship therewithin, is a pair of core portions 20 and 20'. Each of these portions is cylindrical having a diameter similar to the diameter of the inside of the sleeve 14. They are formed preferably from a semi-rigid material such as a thermoplastic such as styrofoam or the like, said plastic having the capability of melting under heat and partially burning.
Any form of plastic which satisfies these physical conditions can be used and each portion 20 is provided with a reinforcing disc 21 situated concentrically within the inner ends of the portions.
A compression spring 22 extends between the reinforcing discs 21 and normally biasses the portions away from one another and against the end caps 16' and I7.
Means to ignite the plastic are provided and in this embodiment take the form of ignitor cords 22 which are embedded throughout the plastic cores 20 and 20' and extend substantially from one end to the other. It will be noted that these ignitor cords also span the area 23 between the inner surfaces of the two portions 20 and 20.
These cords are commercially available and have the capacity of burning without oxygen, the necessary oxygen being provided within the composition of the cords.
Situated concentrically on the end caps 16' is a detachable cover portion 24 and one embodiment of such cover portion is shown in FIG. 4. A plastic disc is sealed at one side thereof as indicated at 25 and is snap engaged upon a projection 26 extending upwardly from the circular disc 19.
This circular disc is apertured underneath the cover portion 24, said aperture being indicated by reference character 27 and a relatively small cylindrical sleeve 28 is formed around this aperture internally of a cover portion 16'. Means to ignite the cord 22' are provided and, in this embodiment, take the form of an extending portion 22A of the ignitor cord which is coiled loosely within the space below the cover 24 so that disengagement of the cover permits access to this portion which can be used to ignite the ignitor cord.
Means are provided to maintain the portions 20 and 20' together with the end caps 16' and 17 in the fully compressed position shown in FIG. 1 until ready for use.
A flexible strap assembly 28 extends around the sleeve and over both end caps 16 and 17. The device is compressed manually and the strap is tightened by the buckle assembly 29.
In use. the device is positioned between the forms 12 and 13 manually, whereupon the strap assembly is severed or cut. This permits spring 22 to move the two core portions 20 and 20 away from one another and to urge the end caps 16' and 17 outwardly relative to the sleeve 14 so that they engage the inner surfaces of the forms 12 and 13 as clearly shown in FIG. 2. Small pointed projections 29' may be formed on the outer surface of the end caps 16' and [7 to assist in frictionally maintaining the device in the desired position be tween the forms 12 and 13 and to reinforce the frictional engagement caused by spring 22.
The concrete or the like is poured between the forms and allowed to set whereupon the forms are peeled away and the device is embedded within the concrete with the circular discs 19 of the end caps being flush with the outer surfaces of the concrete walls 11.
When it is desired to form the vent through the concrete wall. the flexible plastic wrap 15 covering the end cap or cover 24 is broken and the cover 24 is removed thus exposing the portion of the ignitor cord 22A. This is ignited and after burning has taken place. the cores are partially melted and charred so that they can easily be knocked out of the concrete wall as clearly shown in FIG. 12, it being understood that the end caps [6' and 17 are removed prior to knocking out the core. This leaves a completely smooth bore of the desired dimension adapted to receive the necessary conduit or vent pipe as desired.
When it is desired to utilize the device for the insertion of relatively small diameter pipes such as gas, water and electricity conduits. the embodiment shown in FIGS. 5, 6 and 7 is preferred.
This embodiment includes a cylindrical sleeve 30 formed of similar material to sleeve 14 and being filled with a semi-rigid plastic material such as plastic or foam rubber indicated by reference character 31.
End sleeves 32 are provided and take the form of rel atively small cylindrical portions which are slidably engageable within the ends of the sleeve 30 and the outer edges of these sleeves are serrated as indicated by reference character 33 to act as friction engaging means within forms 12 and 13 similar to the projections 29' hereinbefore described.
The end sleeve 32' situated at the upper end of sleeve 30 with reference to the drawings, is provided with in wardly extending projections 34 intermediate the ends thereof against which a plastic disc 35 engages from the inner end of the end sleeve 32 and the end of the foam 31 engages this disc and restrained thereby as clearly shown.
This disc is centrally apertured and a small cup-like portion 36 is frictionally engaged within this aperture with the open side of the cup facing outwardly.
The other end sleeve portion 32 is also provided with inwardly extending projections 34 and the other end of the foam engages with the projections and is restricted against outward movement by those projections.
This means that the two end portions or sleeves 32 can be compressed inwardly relative to the sleeve 30 thus compressing the foam 31 and when this pressure is released, the compressed foam will expand longitudinally thus moving the two end sleeve portions out wardly away from one another and this compressibility of the effective length of the device is used to engage this embodiment between the forms 12 and 13 with the compression of the foam 31 providing the necessary force to engage the serrated edges 33 against the inside of the foam.
The position of the serrations relative to the forms is shown clearly in FIG. II.
The cylindrical form 38 is embedded coaxially within the foam 31 and terminates spaced from the ends thereof as illustrated in FIG. 7 and this form is preferably hollow and manufactured from a material which is burnable.
lgnitor means taking the form of an ignitor cord 39 is spirally wound around this form and extends from one end to the other with one end extending into a relatively small cylindrical bore 40 formed in the one end of the foam as an extension to the form 38 and this extended portion 39A acts as ignitor means for the ignitor cord 39. At this end of the device. a detachable foam plug 41 engages within the portion of the end sleeve beyond the projections 34 and not only protects the ignitor cord portion 39A against the ingress of moisture or the like, but acts as a smooth outer surface to the concrete walls 11 until it is desired to form the aperture or bore through the concrete walls.
The other or upper end sleeve 32 may also be provided with a detachable foam plug similar to plug 41.
In operation of this device, the end sleeve portions 32 are manually compressed one towards the other thus compressing the foam 31 and allowing the device to be slipped between the forms 12 and 13 and to be positioned where desired. A release of this pressure enables the foam 3] to expand the end sleeves outwardly away from one another so that the serrations 33 engage the inner surfaces of the concrete walls forms 12 and 13.
After the wall has been formed and the forms have been removed, the outer surfaces of the foam plugs 41 or the equivalent are flush with the surfaces of the wall. When it is desired to form the bore through the wall, these end plugs 41 are removed and the ignitor cord portion 39A is pulled from the recess 40 and ignited. The cord is similar to that hereinbefore described and burns throughout the length together with the foam 38.
This softens and melts the foam 31 whereupon a conduit such as a water pipe or the like indicated in phantom by reference character 42, can be pushed through. In this regard. the end of the pipe 42 is engaged within the cup 36 which protects the end particularly if the end is threaded as indicated by reference character 43. The pipe is pushed longitudinally through the foam which is partially melted until it extends clear through the wall and is located in the desired relationship with the wall. As the partially melted foam hardens, it seals around the pipe or conduit thus sealing it in position within the wall 11 yet still allowing slight resiliency which facilitates the attachment of further conduits upon the ends of said pipe or conduit 42. This gives a completely sealed bore through the wall and enables conudits of various sizes within limits, to be engaged therethrough.
Reference should next be made to FIGS. 8 and 9 which show an embodiment of the device specifically designed for use in concrete floors wherein it may be desirable to form a bore or opening through the floor to connect, for example, with a sewer outlet 44.
The device includes a cylindrical sleeve 45 similar to sleeves l4 and 30 having an upper end cap 46 engageable therein. The entire device may be wrapped in flexible plastic similar to plastic 15.
A cylindrical core 47 is inserted within the sleeve 45 and is manufactured from a semi-rigid cellular thermoplastic material such as styrofoam and ignitor cords 48 are embedded within this core as illustrated in FIG. 9.
These ignitor cords terminate in a common ignitor portion 49 extending through an aperture within the cover 46.
Flexible locator means 50 may take the form of a rubber projection which is snap engaged within the aperture in the cover 46 and protects the ignitor portion 49. In use, the device is placed in the desired position upon the base 51 upon which the floor will be poured whereupon the concrete floor 52 is poured therearound. The upper surface 53 of the concrete floor is situated just slightly above the upper surface of the cover 46 with the locator means 50 extending through the upper surface as clearly illustrated.
This enables the device to be located when it is desired to form the bore through the floor. Under these circumstances, the relatively thin film of concrete 53A is broken away and the locator 50 is pulled from the aperture within the cover so that the ignitor portion 49 is exposed. This is ignited thus igniting the cords 48 whereupon the cover 46 is removed and the partially burned and melted core 47 is cleared out thus leaving a smooth cylindrical bore through the concrete which can be used as desired.
Referring back to the embodiment shown in FIGS. 5, 6 and 7, it should also be noted that a flexible plastic cover 15A also is engaged around this sleeve 30 in a rnanner similar to the cover 15 in order to prevent moisture from entering the device.
The ignitor cord is preferably made from a stranded wire which encloses the ignitable material. It is available commercially under the trade mark THERMO- LITE lGNlTOR CORD" manufactured by Canadian Industries Limited and one example of the ignitable material is given below although, of course, other materials can be used either together or in combination which produces the desired results COMPOUND CHEMICALS:
Polysar Latex (Synthetic) Sulphur Potassium Oleate Soap Trimene Base Zinc Oxide Dispersion Enthazate SO-D Sodium Silico Fluoride OXAF-W Potassium Nitrate Carbon Monsanto Lampblack Water The mixing proportions and procedures are given as follows:
MIXING PROPORTIONS AND PROCEDURES:
The procedure of mixing is as follows. Mix the Potassium Oleate Soap and water with the Polysar Latex Mix. Weigh the carbon and sulfur together and intermix well in a pestle and motar. This carbon and sulfur is then added to the mixing bowl with the soap. water and latex and the ingredients are beaten to a fairly stiff mix.
. The Potassium Nitrate is then added together with the Sodium Silico Fluoride and the remainder of the ingredients and the whole is beaten for a further 30 seconds thus giving a flexible mass which can be used and which then hardens and forms a burnable material not requiring external oxygen.
Since various modifications can be made in my invention as hereinabove described, and many apparently widely different embodiments of same made 7 within the spirit and scope of the claims without departing from such spirit and scope, it is intended that all matter contained in the accompanying specification shall be interpreted as illustrative only and not in :1 limiting sense.
What I claim as my invention is:
l. A vent forming device for walls and floors of concrete and the like adapted to be embedded in the wall or floor when same are poured; comprising in combination a substantially cylindrical sleeve. a core of semirigid material within said sleeve, flammable means extending through said core which, when ignited, partially melts said core, and igniting means connected to said flammable means and extending from one end of said core for igniting said flammable means, said flammable means including a rigid flammable form extending axially within said core, but terminating spaced from the ends thereof and an ignitor card spirally wound around said form and extending from one end thereof to the other, one end of said ignitor cord extending from one end of said sleeve and constituting said igniting means.
2. The device according to claim 1 which includes an end portion at each end of said sleeve, at least one of said end portions being slidable relative to said sleeve, means cooperating between said end portion and said core whereby said core is compressible along the longitudinal axis thereof by pressure between said end por- 8 tion and said sleeve, to facilitate the insertion of said device between the associated spaced and parallel forms.
3. The device according to claim 2 which includes friction grip means on said end portions engageable with the associated forms to maintain said device in position between the associated forms.
4. The device according to claim 2 in which said core is formed from a compressible foam material.
5. The device according to claim 3 in which said core is formed from a compressible foam material.
6. The device according to claim 1 which includes a pipe engaging cup situated concentrically within said other end of said core.
7. The device according to claim 2 which includes a pipe engaging cup situated concentrically within said other end of said core 8. The device according to claim 3 which includes a pipe engaging cup situated concentrically within said other end of said core.
9. The device according to claim 4 which includes a pipe engaging cup situated concentrically within said other end of said core.
10. The device according to claim 5 which includes a pipe engaging cup situated concentrically within said other end of said core.