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Publication numberUS3922548 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 25, 1975
Filing dateMar 15, 1974
Priority dateMay 18, 1973
Publication numberUS 3922548 A, US 3922548A, US-A-3922548, US3922548 A, US3922548A
InventorsKo Honda
Original AssigneeRank Xerox Ltd
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Corona charging device and support arrangement
US 3922548 A
Abstract
A corona charging device and support arrangement in which the main structure is supported on a rail which is movable vertically toward or away from a supporting base by means of a pair of plate springs adjacent each end of the rail, each spring having one end thereof attached to the supporting base and the other end thereof fixed to the bottom plane of the rail near one end thereof. The corona discharge structure is movable horizontally in the longitudinal direction of the corona structure along the rail by means of a tongue-in-groove arrangement. In addition, the supporting rail is movable toward and away from a photosensitive surface by means of a pair of set screws mounted on the supporting bases which, when rotated, bear against the bottom of the plate spring and move it and the rail attached thereto in the direction away from the support base and toward a photosensitive surface.
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United States Patent 11 1 Honda [4 1 Nov. 25, 1975 1 CORONA CHARGING DEVICE AND SUPPORT ARRANGEMENT Ko Honda, Ebina. Japan [73] Assignee: Rank Xerox Ltd., London, England [22] Filed: Mar. 15 1974 121] Appl. No: 451,630

[75] Inventor:

[30] Foreign Application Priority Data May 18, 1973 Japan ..48-157831 {521 US. Cl 250/324; 250/325 1511 Int. C1. HOIT 19/04 [58] Field of Search 250/324, 325, 326; 96/1 C; 317/262 A; 355/3 Primary Examiner-James W, Lawrence Assistant Examiner-D. C. Nelms [57] ABSTRACT A corona charging device and support arrangement in which the main structure is supported on a rail which is movable vertically toward or away from a supporting base by means of a pair of plate springs adjacent each end of the rail, each spring having one end thereof attached to the supporting base and the other end thereof fixed to the bottom plane of the rail near one end thereof. The corona discharge structure is movable horizontally in the longitudinal direction of the corona structure along the rail by means of a tonguein-groove arrangement. In addition, the sup porting rail is movable toward and away from a photo sensitive surface by means of a pair of set screws mounted on the supporting bases which, when rotated, bear against the bottom of the plate spring and move it and the rail attached thereto in the direction away from the support base and toward a photosensitive surface.

1 Claim, 2 Drawing Figures US. Patent Nov. 25, 1975 3,922,548

CORONA CHARGING DEVICE AND SUPPORT ARRANGEMENT BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION The present invention relates to a corona charging apparatus of the type used in electrophotographic copiers and support arrangement therefor. Electrophotographic machines. as is well known in the prior art, generally comprise a photoconductive material which is initially uniformly charged and is then exposed to light in the form of an image to generate a latent electrostatic image of the information to be copied. Thereafter, the latent image is developed by means of development particles which electrostatically adhere to the photosensitive material. A permanent copy of the image is made either by fixing it as it is, or by transferring the development particles to another support surface, then fixing the image.

The present invention relates more specifically to a mechanism for adjusting the distance between the corona charging apparatus and the photosensitive material used in an electrophotographic machine of the above noted type.

One requirement of a corona charging apparatus is that it creates a uniform charge over the surface of the photoconductive material since irregularities, in charge across the photosensitive surface, deteriorate the quality of the final copy. These irregularities in deposited charge are often caused by variations in the distance between the photosensitive material and the corona wire included in the corona charging device.

The conventional method for adjusting the placement of the corona generator along a line parallel to and in juxtaposition with the photosensitive surface is to mount it on a rail supported at its ends from the frame of the duplicator or on brackets. The shield of the corona charging device has formed on a surface thereof a groove into which flanges on the top of the rail extend. With this arrangement the shield may slide back and forth along the rail to a suitable position opposite the photosensitive surface. The same structure as noted above for horizontal movement of the corona structure is employed in this invention.

In the prior art, vertical movement, i.e., movement of the corona wire toward or away from the photosensitive surface was accomplished by adjusting the connection between the rail and the support base on which it was mounted. This procedure was troublesome and required an undue amount of time.

The present invention was designed specifically to overcome the problems noted above and one object thereof lies in providing a corona charging apparatus that is better suited for the quick and accurate adjustment of the distance between the corona wire and the photosensitive surface.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION In order to overcome the above noted problems, there is provided a corona charging device and support arrangement in which the main structure is supported on a rail which is movable vertically toward or away from a supporting base by means of a pair of plate springs adjacent each end of the rail, each spring having one end thereof attached to the supporting base and the other end thereof fixed to the bottom plane of the rail near one end thereof. The corona discharge structure is movable horizontally in the longitudinal direction of the corona structure along the rail by means of a tongue-in-groove arrangement. In addition, the supporting rail is movable toward and away from a photosensitive surface by means of a pair of set screws mounted on the supporting bases which, when rotated, bear against the bottom of the plate spring and moving it and the rail attached thereto in the direction away from the support base and toward a photosensitive surface.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE VIEWS A detailed description of the present invention will now be given with reference to the drawings, in which:

FIG. 1 is a front view of one side of the corona charging device and support arrangement of the present invention with a part thereof cut away; and

FIG. 2 is a sectional view along the line II-II of FIG. 1.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION Referring to FIGS. 1 and 2, there is shown a corona charging apparatus and support arrangement only one side of which is shown for the sake of clarity. The corona device 1 comprises insulation blocks 3 (only one of which is shown in the drawing) arranged at both ends of an oblong metal shield 2 having a generally concave section, with a fine wire electrode 4 made of a suitable metal properly set in place to bridge the blocks. The bottom of the shield 2 is formed to provide two grooves 5 into which tongues or flanges 18 formed on the top of a rail 6 extend so as to permit the corona structure to slide horizontally along the supporting rail 6. The corona generating structure is positioned to bring the discharge opening 19 in the shield into juxtaposition with a drum 7 constituting photosensitive surface. A spring clip 8 is positioned in the space between the bottom surface 9 of the corona generator shield 2 and the top surface of the rail 6 to push the bottom 9 of the shield upward at all time, thus eliminating any play between the flanges 18 and the walls of the grooves 5.

A plate spring 10 is fixed on one end to the bottom of the supporting rail 6, and on the other end to a supporting base 11. The base 11 may comprise a bracket or the like attached to the frame of the machine (not shown). The plate spring 10 functions in a manner so as to constantly bias or pull the supporting rail 6 in the direction of the supporting base 11.

The supporting base 11 carries a set screw 12 for varying the spacing between the supporting base 11 and the supporting rail 6. The set screw 12 has a head which is accessible for rotation from under the base I I. As the set screw is turned clockwise it moves upwardly and pushes against and moves the end of the plate spring 10 adjacent the rail 6. In this manner, the rail 6 is also moved upwardly as viewed in FIG. 1 away from the supporting base 11. Consequently, the corona wire 4 is moved closer to the drum 7.

Counterclockwise rotation of the set screw 12 moves it away from the plate spring 10 which permits the spring 10 to draw the rail 6 in a direction away from the photosensitive surface '7.

As noted hereinbefore, only one side of the corona charging device and support arrangement is shown in FIG. 1. Another plate spring 10, set screw 12 and supporting base 11, are support structure arranged to connect to the other end of the supporting rail 6 as well, thus enabling proper adjustment of any irregularity in the distance between the drum 7 and the corona gener- 3 ating unit 1.

A nut 13 may be added to the set screw 12 to lock the set screw 12 in place after setting the proper distance, thus, keeping the set screw adjustment free from changes due to vibration.

What is claimed is:

1. In combination, a corona charging device comprising an elongated shield defining a chamber generally concave in cross section and having an opening on one side thereof and a wire electrode supported along the longitudinal axis of said shield by insulating blocks supported at opposed ends of said shield, an imaging surface adjacent said opening and adapted to be charged by said device, a support arrangement for permitting movement of said device in directions parallel and perpendicular to said axis, said arrangement including a rail extending parallel to the longitudinal axis of said shield, said rail including outwardly diverging flanges, said shield including a channel on the side thereof opposite said opening, said flanges interfitting into said channel so as to permit sliding movement of said shield along said rail generally parallel to said axis, a compression spring interposed between said rail and said device to continuously bias said shield away from said rail, a fixed support base, a leaf spring coupled intermediate said base and said rail, a set screw carried by said base, said set screw movable perpendicular to said axis for flexing said leaf spring, whereby movement of said device in a direction perpendicular to said axis is accomplished.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3609354 *Jun 18, 1969Sep 28, 1971David L HermanCorona assembly for electrostatic copy machines
US3736424 *Dec 3, 1971May 29, 1973IbmCorona discharge device
US3743830 *Feb 9, 1970Jul 3, 1973Xerox CorpDevice for uniformly charging a non-planar electrophotographic plate
US3800153 *Dec 29, 1972Mar 26, 1974Xerox CorpElectrophotography charging device
US3809974 *Feb 26, 1973May 7, 1974Rca CorpCorona discharge device
US3811048 *Sep 12, 1972May 14, 1974Xerox CorpElectrophotographic charging apparatus
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4203144 *May 17, 1978May 13, 1980Ricoh Company, Ltd.Corona charger for image transfer
US4320957 *May 30, 1980Mar 23, 1982International Business Machines Corp.Corona wire adjuster
US5055878 *Jan 25, 1990Oct 8, 1991Ricoh Company, Ltd.Image forming apparatus
US5335050 *Sep 13, 1993Aug 2, 1994Xerox CorporationAdjustable support assembly
US6294782 *Mar 26, 1999Sep 25, 2001Nexpress Solutions LlcCorona charger with a serpentine strung corona wire
US7763853 *May 22, 2007Jul 27, 2010Xerox CorporationDicorotron having adjustable wire height
US20080290276 *May 22, 2007Nov 27, 2008Xerox CorporationDicorotron having adjustable wire height
EP0041104A2 *Mar 12, 1981Dec 9, 1981International Business Machines CorporationCorona discharge device for electrophotographic apparatus
Classifications
U.S. Classification250/324, 250/325
International ClassificationG03G15/02
Cooperative ClassificationG03G15/0291
European ClassificationG03G15/02