|Publication number||US3924097 A|
|Publication date||Dec 2, 1975|
|Filing date||Dec 17, 1973|
|Priority date||Dec 17, 1973|
|Publication number||US 3924097 A, US 3924097A, US-A-3924097, US3924097 A, US3924097A|
|Inventors||Harold S Foster, Alvis R Knowles|
|Original Assignee||Eldon Ind Inc|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (11), Referenced by (11), Classifications (13)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent Knowles et a1.
Dec. 2, 1975 [54| STAND FOR CHARGING AN ELECTRIC 3.684.941 8/1972 V1111 ACkCl ct ;1l 3311 TOOL AND HE (:O O O THIS 3 742.|R7 6/1973 Folus. 219/243 X STAND WITH SUCH A TOOL FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS I75| Inventors: Alvis R. Knowles, Carson; Harold S. 574-498 1/1946 Unilcd Kingdom 3191343 F t Huntington B d b h f l.l85.555l 3/]970 United Kingdom H .1 119/240 Calif.
. Primary [Slammer-A. Bnrtis  Assignee: Eldon Industries, lnc., Hawthorne. Amme, A20 or Firm Edward D 013mm Calif. i I
 Filed: Dec. 17, I973 [571 ABSTRACT 2H Appl N01425240 An electric tool such as a soldering iron can be constructed so as to be capable ofbeing supported on a j stand in such a position that an electric current is supl -l 219/240; plied to the tool. First and second contact elements 219/247; 248/1172; 320/2; 339/ are horizontally displaced from one another on the l B 1/00; HOIM /46 stand and are located so that an end of the [001 Can be l l i 0f earch 219/22 inserted generally between them. First and second 1 Contact members are located on the tool in positions 320/2 248/1 H72; 339/58 in which they can engage the contact elements. When 56 the tool is in place upon the stand a portion of the tool 1 References C'ted projects from the side of the first contact element re- UNITED STATES PATENTS mote from the second Contact element. This portion is 908,712 1/1909 Van Dolsen 219 242 x sufficismly heavy so as to n to pi h l about 89| 12/19l1 (j mhle 1 l l 4 H g g 2 the first contact element in such it manner that the 6/1918 Kuhn ct ul. i. 219 242 x first CODtaCI element is in electrical communication 25, 22 12/1919 Ligh fn 1 1 1 219/228 with the first contact member and in such a manner 1530352 3/)25 219/242 UX that the second contact member is against and in elec- 2,036,l69 3/1936 Beleson 1 i 1 1 i H 219/242 X trica| Comm t 2140817 2/1938 p g I l v l I H 29/233 x mem UITILHIIOH with the second contact cle- 3.28l.637 lU/l966 Hultquist A 1 i 1 H 320/2 3,310100 3/1967 Ygfors 219/242 x 9 Claims 5 Drawing Figures 5 42 32 40 t 4 3a t 30 m 28 5 /4 U.S. Patent Dec. 2, 1975 STAND FOR CHARGING AN ELECTRIC TOOL AND THE COMBINATION OF THIS STAND WITH SUCH A TOOL BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION Frequently it is necessary or desirable to supply an electric tool with electricity as such a tool is supported by a stand or the like. Thus, for example, in the field of battery operated soldering irons and similar implements it is normally desired to supply an electric current to such a soldering iron or other implement to charge one or more batteries within such a soldering iron or other implement.
In the past a number of difierent support structures or stands have been developed for the purpose of supplying an electric tool with electricity as such a tool is supported in the stand. It is considered that a detailed understanding of the present invention does not require a detailed consideration and discussion of the various prior structures which have been utilized for this purpose. Generally speaking, such prior structures have normally used what may be referred to as plug-in type" electrical connections. This expression plug-in type" electrical connections is considered to designate a wide variety of different types of known electrical plugs and sockets.
While unquestionably pl ug-in type electrical connections are satisfactory in transferring current from a stand to an electrical tool such structures are considered to be unnecessarily complex and expensive even though they are, in many respects, quite simple. In the field of electrical implements, tools and appliances economic considerations are quite important and the avoidance of seemingly small, insignificant costs can be critical from a commercial standpoint. Further, plug-in type electrical connections can be considered as somewhat disadvantageous from a utilitarian standpoint because of the minor amount of manual manipulation required in the use of some connections. In the field of electrically operated tools, appliances and the like ease of use also tends to be quite critical in effecting the commercial acceptability of an item.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION A broad objective of the present invention is to provide a new and improved support structures or stands for use in transferring an electric current to an electric tool positioned upon such a stand. A related generalized objective of the invention is to provide a new and improved combination of a stand and an electric tool in which current can be transferred through the stand to the tool. Both of these broad objectives of the invention are directed towards providing comparatively inexpensive stands and tools which may be effectively and easily utilized. The invention is also intended to supply stands and tools which may be employed over a long period with a minimum of maintenance.
The invention concerns a stand for supporting an electric tool and for supplying electricity to contact members on the tool in which the improvement comprises: first and second electrical contact elements located on the stand so that when the tool is supported on the stand a contact member on the lower part of the tool engages the first electrical contact element and so that a contact at the upper part of the tool engages the second contact and means for regulating the position of the tool on the stand so that the tool is supported on the 2 stand so that the contact elements are so engaged and so that a portion of the tool projects outwardly away from the side of the first contact element remote from the second contact element, this portion being suffciently heavy to hold the tool in engagement with the contact elements.
The invention also encompasses the combination of such a tool and such a stand with the tool being located on the stand so that the weight of the portion of the tool noted holds the contact members in engagement with the contact elements so that a current can be passed between the stand and the contact members. The precise constructions of the stand and of the tool are best determined in accordance with the specific nature of the tool involved. Thus, for example, it is considered that normally the stand and the tool will be constructed differently if the tool is a battery operated soldering iron to be used on a table top than if the tool is an item such as a battery operated cutting knife.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING Further details of the present invention are best more fully explained with reference to the accompanying drawing in which:
FIG. 1 is a side elevational view of a presently preferred embodiment or form of a stand of the invention used in combination with a presently preferred embodiment or form of a tool in accordance with this invention;
FIG. 2 is a top plan view of the stand shown in FIG. 1.
FIG. 3 is a partial cross-sectional view taken at line 2-2 of FIG. 2;
FIG. 4 is a partial cross-sectional view taken at line 4-4 of FIG. 3; and
FIG. 5 is a partial cross-sectional view taken at line 5-5 of FIG. 3.
The stand and the tool illustrated in the drawing are embodiments of structures utilizing the concepts or features of the invention summarized or defined in the appended claims. These concepts or features may be utilized in a variety of somewhat differently appearing and differently constructed stands and tools through the use or exercise of routine engineering skill on the basis of the disclosure embodied within this specification and in the drawing.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT In the drawing there is shown a stand 10 and a solder ing iron 12 which are intended to be utilized in combination with one another as herein indicated. Except as indicated the internal structure of the soldering iron 12 is conventional. The stand 10 is constructed so as to include an electrically non-conductive base 14 which is adpated to be supported on an appropriate horizontal surface 16. This base 14 includes a rearwardly extending recess which is adapted to hold a sponge or the like (not shown). The base 14 also includes upstanding, curved side walls 20 which are connected by a wall 22 so as to define an intern al cavity 24. Within the interior of this cavity 24 there is located an internal wall 26 which is spaced from the wall 22 as shown in FIG. 3 of the drawing.
One end of this cavity 24 is closed off by a wall 28 extending between the walls 20. The front of this cavity 24 is open to the exterior of the stand 10 through an opening 30. The walls 26 and 28 support and carry an interior cradle type of wall 32 having substantially the shape of a frustrum of a cone. As hereinafter indicated this wall 32 serves as a support structure or means. This wall 32 extends between the walls 20 and closes off the space between the walls 26 and 28. This space under the wall 32 may be conveniently utilized to hold a transformer 34 or the like used to supply a current to the soldering iron 12. This transformer 34 is preferably mounted on the base 14 in a conventional manner and may be connected to conventional electric lines (not shown) through a conventional electric cord 36.
In the structure shown one terminal (not shown) of the transformer 34 is connected by an electric wire 38 to an extending tab 40 which is positioned so as to extend through a slot 42 in the wall 32. This tab 40 is formed integrally with an electrically conductive semicircular support and contact element 44 which rests in a groove 46 extending generally between the walls 20 in the wall 32. This element 44 preferably includes a small bent over flange 48 in its center region which en gages the wall 32 so as to aid in positioning the element 44 in the location as shown. in this location the element 44 extends a short distance above the wall 32. In the stand 10 the other terminal (not shown) of the transformer 34 is connected by another electrical wire 50 to another contact element 52 positioned in a groove 54 located in the lower surface of the wall 22 so as to extend generally between the walls 20. This element 52 is supported in the groove 54 by small extensions 56 on it fitting within cavities 58 as shown in FIG. so that the contact element is exposed beneath the wall 22.
The soldering iron 12 has a housing 60 terminating in a forwardly directed, tapered nose portion 62 which is shaped so as to fit within and be cradled within the wall 32. This nose portion 62 carries an extending, electrically conductive tube 64 which in turn carries a conventional or known soldering tip 66. During the use of the soldering iron 12 it is intended that this tip 66 be supplied with electric current in a known manner from batteries 68 which are principally or primarily located in the tail portion 70 of the housing 60. When the sol dering iron 12 is in a position as shown it can receive a current from the transformer 34 by virtue of a contact member 72 on the nose portion 62 of the housing 60 abutting against the contact element 44. The circuit is completed by the tube 64 abutting against the contact element 52. Wires 73 shown schematically in FIG. 1 may be used to connect the contact member 72 and the tube 64 to the batteries 68 in a known manner. Because of the function of the tube 64 in transferring current into the soldering iron 12 it may be referred to as another or second contact member.
Firm contact is normally maintained to transfer cur rent because of the weight of the soldering iron 12 tending to press the contact member 72 down against the contact element 44. The weight of the batteries 68 is primarily important in this regard; it also tends to pivot the soldering iron 12 about the contact element 44 so as to establish firm contact between the tube 64 and the contact element 52.
From this it will be seen that several significant relationships are required for the stand and the soldering iron 12 to be operative in transferring current. The contact elements 44 and 52 must be horizontally positioned or displaced with respect to one another. Preferably they are located vertically relative to one another as shown so that the exposed portion of the element 44 is above the exposed portion of the element 52 in such a manner that the soldering iron 12 is held at an angle to the horizontal which is less than or non-vertical in character. An angle of from about 30 to about 60 is conside red best since at such an angle it is convenient to manually engage the soldering iron 12 and to move it into an out of position on the stand 10.
Further in order to obtain the desired results the soldering iron 12 is constructed so that as it is inserted into a charging position on the stand 10 the principal weight of the soldering iron 12 is on the side of the element 44 removed from the element 52. This is necessary in order to attain the pivoting action indicated in the preceding discussion.
In the preferred manner of practicing the invention the walls 22 and 32 and the contact elements 44 and 52 are positioned as shown so that gravity will tend to move and hold the nose portion 62 of the soldering iron 12 against the wall 22, limiting the amount to which the soldering iron 12 can be inserted in the stand 10 to a sufficient extent so that the weight relationship indicated in the preceding discussion will be obtained and so that the contact members and elements indicated will engage one another. Thus with the structure of the stand 10 described in the wall 22 in effect acts as a stop means or stop element. When the soldering iron 12 is in the position shown the tip 66 is generally adjacent to the opening 30 so that any residual heat within this tip 66 can be dissipated to the ambient air.
It is believed that the utilization of the stand 10 with the soldering iron 12 will be obvious from the preceding description. When the soldering iron 12 is to be removed from the stand 10 it is pivoted upwardly a slight amount so that the tip 66 will clear the element 52 as the soldering iron 12 is withdrawn from the stand 10. When it is so withdrawn the electrical circuit used to supply current to the soldering iron 12 is automatically broken by the removal of the soldering iron 12. This circuit is automatically reestablished by reinserting the soldering iron 12 in the stand 10 and releasing it so that automatically connection is established between the element 44 and the member 72 and the element 52 and the tube 64. It will be realized that it is quite desirable to construct a stand 10 and a soldering iron 1.2 as illustrated for use in combination with one another. This should not be taken as indicating, however, that the invention is only applicable to a stand for used in connection with a soldering iron or that the tool for use in connection with the invention must be a soldering iron. The broad concepts of the invention can be applied wherever there is need for transferring electric current between a base and a tool or implement which is removably mounted on such a base or stand.
1. In a stand for supporting an electric tool having a contact member on the upper part thereof and a contact member on the lower part thereof, said tool including electrical utilization means connected to said contact members, and for supplying electricity to contact members on said tool the improvement which comprises:
first and second spaced electrical contact elements located on said stand, said contact elements being spaced apart, said first contact element facing upwardly, said second contact element facing downwardly, so that when said tool is supported on said stand said contact member on the lower part of said tool engages said first electrical contact element and so that said contact member on the upper part of said tool engages said contact element, and
cradle means on said stand for regulating the position of said tool on said stand and so positioned with reamount corresponding to the spacing between said first and said second contact element, said first contact member being located so as to be exposed on one surface of said tool and said contact memspect to said contact elements that said tool can 5 her being located so as to be exposed on another, only be supported on said stand with said contact opposed surface of said tool,
elements so engaged with said contact members so said tool being capable of being inserted in said crathat a portion of said tool projects outwardly of dle means between said contact elements,
said cradle means. away from the side of said first said tool when so inserted being located so that said contact element remote from said second contact l0 first contact member is above and against said first element, said portion being sufficiently heavy and said contact members being so positioned relative to the center of gravity of said tool so that the contact members of said tool are held in engagement with said contact elements by the force of gravity, and
means for connecting said contact elements on said stand to an external source of power.
2. A stand for used in supporting and electric tool having a pair of spaced contacts for supplying electricity to said tool which comprises:
a base means for use in supporting said stand,
a support structure on said base means, said support elements by the force of gravity and means for connecting said contact elements on said stand to an external source of power.
5. The combination claimed in claim 4 including:
structure being capable of positioning said tool in ranged that, when said tool is inserted into said stand between said contact elements, said contact elements engage diametrically opposed surfaces of said tool and said tool is positioned by said support one another,
first and second electrical contact members located on said tool so as to be spaced from one another an step means for limiting the extent to which said tool only one position so that a portion of said tool may be inserted between said contact members, projects from and is horizontally displaced from said stop means insuring that when said tool in insaid support structure, said support structure being serted between said contact elements that said shaped so that said tool may be inserted into and contact members on said tool are positioned so as removed from said support structure, said tool exto engage said contact elements, said stop means tending outwardly from a side of said support strucalso insuring that when said tool is so inserted that ture when it is so inserted, said portion of said tool will extend from the side of first and second contact elements located on said said first contact element remote from said second support structure so as to be displaced horizontally contact element. from one another, said support structure and 6. The combination of an electric tool and a stand, contact elements being so constructed and arsaid stand having a support structure for holding said tool, said tool being capable of being partially inserted into and being capable of being removed from said support structure, in which the improvement comprises:
said support structure including cradle means capastructure with said contacts engaged with said ble of holding said tool in only one position so that contact elements and the weight of said portion of said tool extends outwardly from said support said tool projecting from said support structure structure at an angle so that at least a portion of brings a first contact of said tool into electrical said tool projects from and is horizontally displaced contact with said first contact element and pivots from said support structure, said tool about said first contact element to bring a first upwardly directed and a second downwardly the other tool contact into electrical contact with directed electrical contact element located on said said contact element. stand so as to be horizontally displaced from one means for connecting said contact elements on said another in positions in which they are engaged by stand to a source of power. said tool when said tool is inserted between said 3. A stand as claimed in claim 2 wherein: contact elements and said tool when said tool is said support means includes a stop means for limiting held by said cradle means,
the extent to which said tool may be inserted into a first downwardly directed and a second upwardly said stand, said stop means insuring alignment of directed electrical contact member located on said said contact members on said tool with said contact tool so as to be in engagement with a respective elements on said stand and preventing said tool one of said contact elements on said stand when from being inserted into said stand to such an exsaid tool is inserted between said contact elements tent that said portion of said tool does not project and is held by said support structure, from said support structure. said contact elements and members being located on 4. The combination of an electric tool and a stand said stand and on said tool, respectively, so that holding said tool in which the improvement comprises: 50 when said tool is held by said support structure the cradle means on said stand for regulating the position weight of the portion of said tool projecting from of said tool on said stand, said support strucutre holds said first upwardly difirst and second electrical contact elements located rected contact element and said first downwardly on said strand, adjacent to said cradle means, said directed contact member against one another so as contact elements being spaced horizontally from 55 to establish electrical contact between said first contact member and said first contact element and the weight of the portion of said tool projecting from said support structure causes a force tending to pivot said tool about said first downwardly directed contact member to bring said second upwardly directed contact member against said second downwardly directed contact element to establish electrical contact between said second contact member and said second contact element, and means for connecting said contact elements on said stand to an external source of power.
7. In the combination of an electric soldering iron having a housing, batteries located in said housing for use in operating said soldering iron, a tubular conductor extending from one end of said housing, first and second contact members located on said housing so as to be exposed to the exterior of said housing, said contact members being electrically connected to said batteries, and a soldering tip formed on the extremity of said tubular conductor remote from said housing, said batteries being remote from said tubular conductor, said soldering tip being capable of being heated by a current from said batteries, and a stand, said stand having a support structure for holding said soldering iron, said soldering iron being capable of being partially inserted into and being capable of being removed from said support structure,
said support structure being capable of holding said soldering iron so that said soldering iron extends outwardly from said support structure at an angle so that at least a portion of said soldering iron projects from and is horizontally displaced from said support structure,
said support structure comprises a cradle adapted to contain the end of said housing from which said tubular conductor extends and a wall serving as a stop means located above and at the end of said cradle,
a first upwardly directed and a second downwardly directed contact element located on said stand so as to be horizontally displaced from one another in positions in which they are engaged by said solder ing iron when said soldering iron is inserted between said contact elements and is held by said support structure,
said first contact member comprising an electrical conductor located on the bottom of said housing,
said second contact member being said tubular conductor,
said first contact element on such support structure being located in the bottom of said cradle and on the extremity of said cradle remote from said stop means and being exposed to the interior of said cradle,
said second contact element on said support structure being located on the undersurface of said wall serving as said stop means and being exposed to the interior of said cradle so that when said soldering iron is inserted into said stand said tubular conductor extends past said stop means so as to be engaged by said contact element,
said contact elements and members being located on said stand and on said soldering iron, respectively, so that when said soldering iron is held by said support structure the weight of the portion of said soldering iron projecting from said support structure holds said first contact element and said first contact member against one another so as to establish electrical contact between said first contact member and said first contact element and the weight of the portion of said soldering iron projecting from said support structure causes a force tending to pivot said soldering iron about said first contact member to bring said second contact mem-- ber against said second contact element to establish electrical contact between said second contact member and said second element, and means for connecting said contact elements to a source of power.
8. The combination claimed in claim 7 wherein: said support structure and said contact elements are 9. The combination claimed in claim 7 wherein: said stand includes a ventilated opening which is located adjacent to said tip when said soldering iron is inserted in said stand.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US908712 *||Feb 28, 1906||Jan 5, 1909||Western Electric Co||Electrical heating apparatus.|
|US1010891 *||Dec 5, 1911||Charles Walker Gamble||Soldering implement.|
|US1270304 *||Feb 21, 1918||Jun 25, 1918||American Electrical Heater Co||Soldering-iron stand.|
|US1325022 *||Mar 19, 1917||Dec 16, 1919||Ironing|
|US1530352 *||Oct 30, 1922||Mar 17, 1925||C H D Electric Company||Electric curling iron|
|US2036169 *||Aug 1, 1934||Mar 31, 1936||Abraham Beleson||Soldering tool|
|US2140817 *||Jun 14, 1937||Dec 20, 1938||Ramona D Springall||Soldering iron heater|
|US3281637 *||Sep 23, 1963||Oct 25, 1966||American Optical Corp||Rechargeable flashlight-directly accessible batteries|
|US3310100 *||Nov 19, 1964||Mar 21, 1967||Goran Ygfors||Stand for an electrical soldering iron with adjustable heat exchange means|
|US3684941 *||Jul 16, 1971||Aug 15, 1972||Addressograph Multigraph||Portable battery powered eraser and support therefor|
|US3742187 *||Oct 22, 1970||Jun 26, 1973||Becton Dickinson Co||Inoculation and transfer loop and sterilizer|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4176778 *||Feb 27, 1978||Dec 4, 1979||Fortune William S||Soldering tool holder|
|US4419616 *||Dec 29, 1980||Dec 6, 1983||Chevron Research Company||Power-up rack and method of use in association with portable microcomputers within a refinery and the like|
|US4677362 *||Apr 8, 1985||Jun 30, 1987||Black & Decker, Inc.||Apparatus for storing and charging a rechargeable electric tool|
|US4692587 *||Feb 19, 1986||Sep 8, 1987||Spirk Jr John W||Hand tool and support|
|US4826049 *||Aug 7, 1987||May 2, 1989||Black & Decker Inc.||Cordless adhesive dispensing system|
|US5327067 *||Jun 2, 1993||Jul 5, 1994||Dell Usa, L.P.||Portable computer battery charging apparatus|
|US5410237 *||Oct 25, 1991||Apr 25, 1995||Streamlight, Inc.||Battery charging unit|
|US5429331 *||Dec 10, 1993||Jul 4, 1995||Massena; Len||Glue gun holder|
|US9671045 *||Oct 30, 2013||Jun 6, 2017||David Huebl||Air hose supporting apparatus|
|US20060071638 *||Sep 30, 2004||Apr 6, 2006||One World Technologies Limited||Bottom exit strain relief|
|EP2661983A1 *||May 3, 2013||Nov 13, 2013||BSH Bosch und Siemens Hausgeräte GmbH||Apparatus, in particular a hair-styling device|
|U.S. Classification||219/242, 219/229, 219/247, 248/117.2, 219/240, 439/481, 320/115|
|International Classification||H02J7/00, B23K3/02|
|Cooperative Classification||H02J7/0045, B23K3/027|
|European Classification||B23K3/02G, H02J7/00E2|