US 3924282 A
Disclosed are therapeutic prop-like supports for maintaining a sleeping or otherwise reclining person on his leftward or rightward hemiside and comprising an elongated narrow web-like drawsheet preferably of rectangular shape that is superimposed upon the bedsheet or mattress at a selectable angle transversely to the bed lengthwise central-axis. The prop-like support which is desireably constructed of launderable fabrics further comprises a pair of substantially parallel primary-sleeves carried at and extending laterally along the drawsheet elongated topside. The respective primary-sleeves are adapted to removably accommodate a bolster which firmly yet comfortably abuts the upper-spinal backside of a hemiside reclining person to beneficially maintain him on the leftward or rightward hemiside depending upon the employment of the sleeves. Desireable optional features for the prop-like support include: circumferentially larger secondary-sleeves positioned outboard the primary-sleeves and for removably housing relatively soft padding; laterally extending guide-line indicia to facilitate positioning of the primary-sleeves near the bed central-axis; apt structural reinforcements for the prop-like support; fasteners adapted to anchor the prop-like support with respect to the sleeping bed and other environmental elements; special pockets located outboard the sleeves to accommodate the fasteners and other auxiliary paraphernalia; and special head-rest pillows.
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
United States Patent 1191 Bond [ Dec. 9, 1975 1 THERAPEUTIC PROP-LIKE SUPPORT FOR HEMISIDE RECLINING PERSONS Helen Inez Bond, 709 Olson Road, Longview, Wash. 98632  Filed: June 2, 1975  Appl. No.: 583,108
 US. Cl 5/327 R; 5/357  Int. Cl. A47C 21/00  Field of Search 5/327 R, 334 R, 334 C, 5/336, 338, 357, 352
 References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,577,595 12/1951 Tobias 5/341 2,586,031 2/1952 Hahne 5/340 X 2,671,911 3/1954 Lesko 5/340 2,910,707 11/1959 Lawser et al 5/327 R 3,120,721 2/1964 Bukatman et a1. 5/334 R 3,148,388 9/1964 Espersen 5/334 R 3,173,157 3/1965 Maples 5/327 FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 379,068 8/1907 France 5/327 R Primary Examiner-Paul R. Gilliam Assistant ExaminerAndrew M. Calvert Attorney, Agent, or Firm-George R. Nimmer [5 7 ABSTRACT Disclosed are therapeutic prop-like supports for maintaining a sleeping or otherwise reclining person on his leftward or rightward hemiside and comprising an elongated narrow web-like drawsheet preferably of rectangular shape that is superimposed upon the bedsheet or mattress at a selectable angle transversely to the bed lengthwise central-axis. The prop-like support which is desireably constructed of launderable fabrics further comprises a pair of substantially parallel primary-sleeves carried at and extending laterally along the drawsheet elongated topside. The respective primary-sleeves are adapted to removably accommodate a bolster which firmly yet comfortably abuts the upper-spinal backside of a hemiside reclining person to beneficially maintain him on the leftward or rightward hemiside depending upon the employment of the sleeves. Desireable optional features for the prop-like support include: circumferentially larger secondarysleeves positioned outboard the primary-sleeves and for removably housing relatively soft padding; laterally extending guide-line indicia to facilitate positioning of the primary sleeves near the bed central-axis; apt structural reinforcements for the prop-like support; fasteners adapted to anchor the prop-like support with respect to the sleeping bed and other environmental elements; special pockets located outboard the sleeves to accommodate the fasteners and other auxiliary paraphernalia; and special head-rest pillows.
11 Claims, 7 Drawing Figures U.S. Patent Dec. 9 1975 Sheet 1 of2 3,924,282
US. Patent Dec. 9 1975 Sheet 2 of2 3,924,282
THERAPEUTIC PROP-LIKE SUPPORT FOR HEMISIDE RECLINING PERSONS This is a continuation of application Ser. No. 481,557, filed June 21, 1974 now abandoned.
It has long been recognized that certain therapeutic benefits accrue from maintaining a sleeping or otherwise reclining person on his hemiside rather than on his stomach or backside. For example, it is well known that persons maintained during sleep on a hemiside reclining position are not apt to snore. Moreover, patients having suffered wounds or surgery to the frontside or backside need to be maintained in a hemiside sleeping position. Too, it sometimes happens that elderly persons swallow their tongue and mortally suffocate while sleeping on their backside, which can be prevented ifa hemiside sleeping position is maintained.
Certain prior art prop-like supporting devices have been developed to maintain sleeping persons in a hemiside position. However, many such prior art devices are uncomfortable or even unduly restrain the sleeper, others are apt to become soiled during use and are not adapted for subsequent laundering or cleansing, others are not reliable for the intended purposes, and certain prior art devices are not adaptable for some kinds of sleeping bed environments and exigiencies encountered thereat.
It is accordingly the general object of the present invention to provide therapeutically efficaceous proplike supports for sleeping or otherwise reclining persons to maintain a hemiside position and which overcomes the several disadvantages and deficiencies of prior art devices.
Among the several specific objects of the present invention is to provide prop-like supports which are so constructed as to be both comfortable and supportive to the hemiside reclining person and where it abuts the patients upper-spinal backside where it is not apt to become soiled.
It is another of the objects to provide a device of the class described which is fabricated of readily launderable fabrics, and is sufficiently strong as to have longterm use.
A further object is to provide a device of the class indicated which is so constructed that it can be easily and adroitly handled by nurses or other bedside attendants and does not interfere with the normal procedures in caring for the resting patient.
Another object is to provide a prop-like support for hemiside sleeping persons that is adapted to many exigiencies including various hemiside sleeping or attitudes and positions on the bed.
A further object is to provide an apt head-rest pillow construction.
With the above and other objects and advantages in view, which will become more apparent as this description proceeds, the therapeutic prop-like supports of the present invention generally comprise a longitudinally elongated and laterally very narrowed web-like drawsheet that is superimposeable upon the bedsheet at a selectable angle to the bed lengthwise central-axis, a pair of substantially parallel primary-sleeves attached to the drawsheet and extening laterally along the topside thereof on opposite outboardsides of an ascertainable lateral-reference, at least one primary-sleeve removably accommodating therewithin a fairly firm bolster type cushion, and preferably too a pair of substantially parallel secondary-sleeves attached to the drawsheet and extending laterally along the topside thereof, and respectively located on opposite outboardsides of the respective primary-sleeves, the secondary-sleeves being circumferentially larger than the immediately adjacent primary-sleeves to removably accommodate softer massive padding therewithin, and together with other desireable optional features for the prop-like support.
In the drawing, wherein like characters refer to like parts in the several views, and in which:
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a representative embodiment of the therapeutic pr0p-like support concepts of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a sectional elevational view taken along line 22 of FIG. 1, FIG. 2A2A (not shown) being a substantial mirror image thereof.
FIG. 3 is a perspective view showing the FIG. 1 embodiment employed superimposed upon a bedsheet reclining surface and supporting a reclining person on a hemiside (herein leftside) position.
FIG. 4 is a top plan view of an amplified embodiment prop-like support.
FIG. 5 is a sectional elevational view taken along lines 55 of FIG. 4.
FIG. 6 is a detail top plan view of the FIGS. 1 and 4 embodiments comprising a special head-rest pillow employed in conjunction therewith.
FIG. 7 is a sectional elevational view taken along line 7-7 of FIG. 6.
The rudimentary embodiment 10 of the prop-like support for hemiside sleeping or otherwise reeling persons generally comprises a longitudinally elongated and very narrowed laterally web-like drawsheet 11 having its broad bottom-side l3 superimposeable upon the bedsheet (104) horizontal reclining surface of a typical sleeping bed 100. The typical bed (100 of FIG. 3) comprises a horizontal mattress 101 elevated above floor substrate F with four legs 102, an upright headboard 103 being carried by the two leading-legs (102), and textile fabric bedsheet 104 stretched upon the horizontal upper surface of matress 101. Thus, the matress 101 herein at bedsheet 104 provides for sleeping bed 100 a pair of parallel horizontal length-wiseterminii 101M101N and a lengthwise horizontal central-axis 101A midway therebetween. Moreover, drawsheet 11 is superimposeable upon bedsheet 104 at a selectable angle transverse to central-axis 101A (and too to terminii 101M and 1 0lN), which angle will ordinarily be selected within (but not limited to) 90. Preferably, drawsheet lIis provided of readily launderable textile fabric such ascotton muslin or the like and of rectangular shape including a pair of lengthwise longitudinal-edges such as leadward first-edge l4 and trailward second-edge IS'and also usually including a pair of lateral-ends such as first-end 16 and second-end 17. The drawsheet herein is sufficiently longitudinally elongated that the lengthwise (e.g. longitudinal firstedge 14) to lateral (e.g., first-end l6) ratio is within the range of four to seven, and preferably about six. Preferred drawsheet dimensions are ninety-six inches length and sixteen inches lateral width. The broad rectangular topside 12 of drawsheet 11 can be seen prominently in FIGS. 1, 3, and 4.
There is a pair of longitudinally separated and substantially parallel primary-sleeves attached to the drawsheet and extending laterally along the topside thereof. The primary-sleeves are located within a central-area of the drawsheet which central-area is ascertainable either dimensionally or by a lateral-reference (e.g., imprinted datum-line 11A). The lateral-reference is located between the primary-sleeves (e.g., M and 20N positioned on opposite outboard sides of and parallel to datum-line 11A). Preferably, each primarysleeve is provided of a readily launderable textile fabric which is stitched (e.g., 22M, 22n) or otherwise securely attached to the drawsheet (l1), and each has two openends (e.g., 24 and 25). Each primary-sleeve is desireably sufficiently lengthy that its leadward extremity (24) is located at the drawsheet leadward first-edge 14 and its trailward extremity (25) is located at the drawsheet trailward second-edge 15. Each primary-sleeve is adapted to removably enclose therewithin a suitable bolster having a fixed axial-length (e.g., along bolster axis 21) which is substantially co-extensive with the primary-sleeve length (e.g., 24-25), which is slightly or even dimensionally comparable to the secondarysleeves. In this vein, each primary-sleeve has a uniform circumference along the length thereof (eg 24-25) which is slightly larger than the circumference of the bolster to be removably slidably accommodated therewithin. The bolster type cushion is fairly firm such that when a reclining person P rests thereagainst, as in FIG. 3, the bolster compresses only slightly radially toward bolster-axis 21 but does not distend along bolster-axis 21. A preferred type bolster comprises a monolitic cushion made of a nonrigid firm structural material (e.g., polyethylene foam) of uniform crosssectional size and shape along the bolster-axis, a circular cylindrical shape being preferred. For primary embodiment 10, the circumference of the respective removable bolsters (e.g., 29M for 20M and 29N for 20N) are equal and thus interchangeable from sleeve to sleeve.
The prop-like support preferably additionally includes a pair of substantially parallel secondary-sleeves attached to the drawsheet and extending laterally along the topside thereof and respectively located on opposite outboard sides of the primary-sleeves. The respective secondary-sleeves (e.g., 30M, 30N) are located immediately alongside of and are circumferentially larger than its own neighboring primary-sleeve. In this vein, when a secondary-sleeve is substantially filled with removable softer padding (e.g., 39M, 39N) the secondary-sleeve contacts and extends higher than its neighboring bolstered primary-sleeve, thereby providing a conformable secondary supplementary support for the reclining person P. In FIGS. 1 and 2, the removable soft padding 39M and 39N comprises a folded conventional bedpillow with ticking 38 and batting 37. Preferably, each secondary-sleeve is sufficiently lengthy that its leadward extremity (34) is located at the drawsheet leadward first-edge l4 and its trailward extremity (35) is located at the drawsheet trailward second-edge 15. Preferably also, each secondary-sleeve has two openends (34 and 35) and has a uniform circumference and shape along the length thereof. Each secondary-sleeve is desireably provided of a readily launderable flexible textile fabric which is stitched (e.g., 32M, 32N) or otherwise securely attached to the drawsheet (II). A single rectangular mantle gathered and then stitched (e.g., 22M, 22N, 32M, 32N) or otherwise attached to the drawsheet (11) might aptly provide both primary-sleeves 20M-20N and both secondary-sleeves (30M-30N). Rectangular mantle 40 has its leading-edge 44 and its trailing-edge 45 conterminous along and attached to the drawsheet longitudinal-edges 14 and. 15, respectively. The laterally extending left-edge 46 and right-edge 47 of mantle 40, which edges are respectively nearer to lateral-reference 11A than to edges 16 and 17, are stitched (e.g., 42M, 42N) or otherwise attached to flexible drawsheet 11 along topside 12. Not only does the mantle (40) provide exceedingly economical primary-sleeves and secondary-sleeves, but it also structurally reinforces the drawsheet 11 at the high-stress areas (e.g., 46. 47) where most vigorously manipulated by a nurse or other attendant for patent P.
As previously alluded to, the therapeutic prop-like support concepts (e.g., 10, 10A) of the present invention might be used and employed by reclining persons P in numerous ways dependent upon their own unique physical needs and the ingenuity of the attendant personnel. A simplified use situation is depicted in FIG. 3 relative to the user P reclining on his leftward hemiside with right-arm R in full view; resting upon the bolstered (29M) primary-sleeve 20M and too against the padded (39M) secondary-sleeve 30M is the patients upperspinal backside. If the user P were to rest upon his righward hemiside, the bolstered (29N) primary-sleeve (20N) and the padded (39N) secondary-sleeve (30N) would instead support the upper-spinal backside. Thus, support 10, 10A, is desireably of similar construction and dimension on both outboardsides of lateral-reference 11A. In FIG. 3, the flexible drawsheet 11 has its bottomside 13 positioned directly atop bedsheet 104 and at an arbitrarily selected angle of about with respect to central-axis 101A. In order to facilitate the positioning of the primary-sleeves fairly near centralaxis 101A, the support (10, 10A) includes a pair of substantially parallel laterally extending guide-lines located between the respective primary-sleeves and the drawsheet lateral ends (e.g., l6, l7) and positionable near a bed lengthwise-terminus (e.g., 101M. 101N). Herein, the guide-lines employed are the mantle attached left-edge 46 and right-edge 47. Pins, restraints. and other fasteners might be employed in removable combination with the support (10, 10A) and the bed environment and reclining person P, and in this vein, the drawsheet, the sleeves, and the mantle might be provided with loops 49.
The prop-like support style 10A of FIGS. 4 and 5 differs primarily in the provision of special multipocket pouches 50 to removably house therewithin auxiliary paraphernalia such as fasteners, etc. Each of the two pouches 50 shown in FIG. 4. as indicated by the common section line 5-5, is herein identical and generally comprises a rectangular launderable taxtile fabric overlay patch 51 having seven lines of stitching or other linear attachments to drawsheet 11 to provide four intra-pouch pockets 54-57. There is a closure device such as snaps 52 cooperating between the foreend of each pocket 54-57 and the underlying drawsheet 11. For the housing of fasteners in a readily available and eventually colaunderable state, there is an intermediate launderable fabric strip 58 located between patch 51 and drawsheet 11 and laterally restricted within the confines of peckets 56 and 57. Each wing of strip 58 is lengthier than the respective pockets 56 and 57 and can be folded-back as a flap within its own pocket (e.g., 56, to protectably internally reinforce same. As can be seen in the unfolded wing of strip 58, there might be a gathered ribbon 59 attached thereto for the inclusion therewith of pins or other fasteners (not shown). Thus, the fasteners are readily available during bedside use and for eventualco-laundering wi th prop-like support A.
FIGS. 6 and 7 depict a special head-rest pillow 60 which might be pinned (67) or otherwise aptly attached to the support members (10, 10A) of thepresent invention. The pillow portion e.g., ticking 61 and batting 62, is conventional. The pillowcase 63 is conventional including an opening 64 for insertion of pillow 61-62. However, one of the corners ofv the pillowcase closed-end is truncated diagonally and then reinforced as with stitching 65 which also secures a triangular gusset piece 66 of textile fabric which is of heavier gauge fabric than the for the pillowcase 63. The triangular corner piece textile fabric 66 is of sufficiently sturdy gauge and density to withstand repeated fastened pinnings to the mantle or to the drawsheet l 1, etc., as the bedside utile exigiencies require.
From the foregoing, the construction and operation of the concepts herein relating to prop-like supports for hemiside reclining persons will be readily understood and further explanation is believed to be unnecessary. Thus, numerous modifications and changes in the construction, dimensions, shapes, use, maintenance, and environmental conditions for the prop-like supports will readily occur to those skilled in the arts of caring and tending to the needs of beneficiary persons of diverse ages, afflictions, and other personal needs. Accordingly, it is not desired to limit the invention to the exact construction shown and described, and hence, all suitable modifications and equivalents may be resorted to, falling within the scope of the appended claims.
1. A therapeutic prop-like support for maintaining a sleeping or otherwise reclining person in a hemiside position, said prop-like support comprising:
A. An elongated and relatively narrow flexible weblike drawsheet that is superimposeable upon a bed horizontal surface at a selectable angle to the lengthwise central-axis of a bed having two parallel lengthwise-terminii, said drawsheet including a pair of lengthwise longitudinal-edges including a leadward first-edge and a trailward second-edge, said drawsheet having a pair of opposed elongate broad surfaces including a topside and also a bottomside that is directly superimposeably abuttable against the bed horizontal surface; and
B. A pair of longitudinally separated and substantially parallel primary-sleeves attached to the weblike drawsheet and extending laterally along the topside thereof, the primary-sleeves being sufficiently longitudinally separated so as to be respectively located on opposite outboardsides of and substantially parallel to an ascertainable central lateral-reference for the prop-like support, each of said primary-sleeves being adapted to removably accommodate therewithin a fairly firm bolster type cushion, said bolster extending along a bolster-axis and having a fixed axial-length said cushion being of lofty thickness as compared to the underlying drawsheet.
2. The prop-like support of claim 1 wherein there is a pair of substantially parallel secondary-sleeves attached to the web-like drawsheet and extending laterally along the topside thereof and respectively located on opposite outboardsides of the primary-sleeves, the secondary-sleeves being circumferentially larger than the primary-sleeves whereby padding that is relatively 7 sides of the secondary-sleeves and equidistant from the central lateral-reference whereby a said guide-line when positioned at a bed lengthwise-terminus inherently positions the primary-sleeves adjacently near the bed central-axis; wherein the primary-sleeves and secondary-sleeves each includes two openends located respectively at the leadward first-edge and the trailward second-edge of the drawsheet; and wherein there is a bolster of regular cylindrical shape along the bolster-axis and located within a primary-sleeve.
5. The prop-like support of claim 4 wherein a single longitudinally extending laminar flexible textile fabric mantle is attached in gathered relationship to the drawsheet and lies at the topside thereof to provide the said primary-sleeves and secondary-sleeves and also thereby structurally reinforcing the web-like drawsheet.
6. The prop-like support of claim 5 wherein the laminar mantle is of substantially rectangular shape and peripherally defined by a pair of longitudinally extending edges including a leading-edge and a trailing-edge and a laterally extending left-edge and a right-edge which are secured to the underlying drawsheet to provide said laterally extending guide-lines.
7. The prop-like support of claim 6 wherein there is at least one multi-pocket pouch attached to the drawsheet on an outboardside of a secondary-sleeve to removably house fastener means therein; and wherein there is a plurality of loops attached to components of the prop-like support to removably engage such fastener means when same is withdrawn from the pouch.
8. The prop-like support of claim 2 wherein there is at least one said bolster type cushion having a regular cylindrical shape and having a circumference slightly smaller than the primary-sleeve within which said bolster is removably accommodated; wherein a secondarysleeve is located sufficiently nearby a primary-sleeve to contact same when the secondary-sleeve is internally padded; wherein the primary-sleeves and the secondary-sleeves each include two openends located respectively at the leadward first-edge and the trailward second-edge of the drawsheet; and wherein the web-like drawsheet is of rectangular shape having two narrow lateral-ends and also sufficiently longitudinally elongated whereby the ratio of a longitudinal-edge to a lateral-end is about six.
9. The prop-like support of claim 8 wherein there is at least one multi-pocket pouch attached to the drawsheet topside on the outboardside of a secondarysleeve to removably house fastener means therewithin, a pocket being provided with a flap-like internal reinforcement; wherein there is a plurality of loops attached to sleeve portions of the prop-like support to removably engage a said fastener means; and wherein there is a removably fastenened to the prop-like support a special head-rest pillow comprising a diagonally truncated pillowcase to which is secured a relatively sturdy gusset for engagement of fastener means. 7
10. The prop-like support of claim 3 wherein a single longitudinally extending rectangular laminar flexible textile fabric mantle having a laterally extending leftedge and right-edge is gathered and stitched against the drawsheet topside to provide said primary-sleeves, said secondary-sleeves, laterally extending guide-lines along said stitched left-edge and right-edge, and to also structurally reinforce the drawsheet during bedside manipulation thereof; and wherein the prop-like support includes a removably fastened head-rest pillow comprising a pillowcase having a diagonally truncated closedend to which is secured a gusset that is sturdier than is the pillowcase material.
11. The prop-like support of claim 10 wherein the web-like drawsheet is of rectangular shape having two narrow width lateral-ends and also sufficiently longitudinally elongated whereby the ratio of a longitudinaledge to a lateral-end is about six; wherein the primarysleeves and secondary-sleeves each includes two openendslocated respectively at the leadward first-edge and the trailward second-edge of the drawsheet; wherein there is a monolithic bolster of regular cylindrical shape located within'a primary-sleeve; wherein there is a plurality of loops attached to components of the prop-like support to removably engage fastener means; and wherein there is at least one multi-pocket pouch attached to the drawsheet on the outboardside of a secondary-sleeve to removably house fastener means therewithin, at least one pocket being provided with a flap-like reinforcement and having too a gathered ribbon for removable accommodation of fastener means inside the pocket.