|Publication number||US3924298 A|
|Publication date||Dec 9, 1975|
|Filing date||Sep 30, 1974|
|Priority date||Jan 11, 1973|
|Publication number||US 3924298 A, US 3924298A, US-A-3924298, US3924298 A, US3924298A|
|Inventors||Merser Francis Gerard|
|Original Assignee||Dennison Mfg Co|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (7), Referenced by (8), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
States Patent [1 1 1 Dec.9,1975
[541 ATTACHMENT AND MOUNTING CONSTRUCTION [75} Inventor: Francis Gerard Merser,
[731 Assignees Dennison Manufacturing Company,
 Filed: Sept. 30, 1974 [211 Appl. No: 510,768
Related US. Application Data  Continuation-impart of Ser. No. 322,712, Jan. 11,
 US. Cl. 24/16 PB; 24/150 FP  Int. Cl. B65D 63/00; A44B 21/00  Field of Search 24/15 PB, 150 PP, 73 P, 24/73 PF, 73 PB, 30.5 P, 206 A; 248/74 PB, 73
 References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS R281,704 7/1883 Ladd 24/206 A UX 3,114,184 12/1963 Biga0uette.. 24/30.5 P 3,214,808 11/1965 Litwin 24/16 PB 3,224,054 12/1965 Lige v. 24/16 PB 3,273,705 9/1966 Rieger et a1 24/150 FP UX 3,402,435 9/1968 Merser 24/16 PB 3,473,768 10/1069 Piasecki 1 24/73 PB 3,686,717 8/1972 Merser 24/73 PF R27,39l 6/1972 Merser 24/16 PB FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 701,336 1/1965 Canada 24/16 PB 1,332,239 6/1963 France 24/16 PB 917,217 8/1954 Germany 24/16 PB Primary ExaminerDona1d A. Griffin Attorney, Agent, or Firm-George E. Kersey  ABSTRACT An attachment of the filament and socket type which is provided with (1) an expansible socket and a laterally oriented bar at the end of the filament opposite to the socket and adapted to be connected to bars of similar attachments to form an assembly of attachments which can be utilized with an attaching gun and (2) a slotted anchor that extends laterally out from the expansible socket and having barbs to enable the attachment to be mounted on an apertured support member.
10 Claims, 4 Drawing Figures US. Patent Dec. 9 1975 ATTACHMENT AND MOUNTING CONSTRUCTION This application is a continuation-in-part of application Ser. No. 322,712 filed Jan. 11, 1973.
The present invention relates to attachments of a type designed to be inserted through an object, usually with a view to securing two objects together, and widely used to secure tags or labels to garments or the like as well as to hold a number of objects together. It also relates to an assembly of such attachments which greatly facilitates the application of such attachments to the objects with which they are to be associated.
In many different types of merchandising operations it is necessary that a tag or label be secured to an article to be sold. This is particularly the case in retail merchandising, where articles are exposed for display and selection by the customer, and where various information relating to the article, particularly including the price, must be attached thereto. In many instances, and particularly with large or bulky articles, or articles constructed of materials which cannot be penetrated, tags or labels are attached to those articles by means of wire or string. The manipulation involved in passing the wire or string through a hole in the tag or label and then attaching the combination to the article by tying or otherwise connecting the ends of the wire or string is very time-consuming and consequently represents a significant cost factor. In addition, particularly in self-service merchandising operations where products of different types are manually picked up by the customer and then brought to some central location where they are paid for, the problem of tag switching is a very serious one. An unscrupulous customer will take a tag from a lowpriced article and attach it to a higher-priced article and then present the thus mistagged article to the cashier, so that only the incorrect low price will be paid.
There is therefore a great need in the merchandising industry for an arrangement or system which will not only facilitate the attachment of the proper tag to the various items to be sold but which will also make it difficult, and preferably impossible, for an unscrupulous customer to change the tags. Arrangements and structures to these ends have been suggested. One such device is shown in Merser U.S. Pat. No. 3,402,435, issued Sept. 24, 1968, entitled Tag Attaching or Bundle Fastening Device," now reissued as U.S. Pat. No. Re. 27,357, issued May 9, 1972, owned by the assignee of this application. There a plastic attachment is disclosed which is adapted to be secured to a tag to form a tagattaching device combination, the attachment comprising a filament and a socket adapted to receive the filament, the filament being adapted by means of an enlarged end section, to be passed through an appropriate portion of the article to be tagged and then pushed down into the socket of the attaching device, there to be reliably and permanently held in position. The specific nature of the filament and socket may take various forms, one other form of which is shown in Merser U.S. Pat. No. 3,462,802, issued Aug. 26, 1969, entitled Connector For Holding Articles Together, now reissued as U.S. Pat. No. Re. 27,391, issued June 20, 1972, also owned by the assignee of this application. Other forms and structures of attachments are also known.
A feature of the attachments of the two cited patents is that when the head of the filament has been inserted into the socket it cannot, as a practical matter, be removed therefrom. Consequently the only way that the tag-attaching device combination can be removed from the article to which it is attached is by actually breaking the filament portion of the attaching device, and that, of course, would prevent the tag attached thereto from being used in conjunction with some other and improper article of merchandise.
However, the attachments shown in those patents suffer from several drawbacks. Thus, the attachments can only be secured to objects that exhibit pre-existing holes, such as eyelets, button holes, and the like. Penetration through whole garments, fabrics and the like is difficult and undesirable due, in large measure, to the size of the hole that would result from the insertion of the enlarged end which facilitates insertion of the filament through the socket. Such a prerequisite seriously restricts the area of use of such attachments by preventing their use with numerous articles, garments and the like which do not exhibit such openings. A more significant disadvantage, is the fact that these attachments must be manually inserted, i.e. the filament must be manually inserted through the article and the socket. Thus, while the attachments are a vast improvement over wire or string connections, the cost and time factors involved in their manual insertion still represent a significant reduction in efficiency. As a related disadvantage, the construction of these prior art attachments does not permit their being assembled in a clip of a plurality of attachments which can be used with an attaching gun such as is disclosed in Bone U.S. Pat. No. 3,103,666, issued Sept. 17, 1963, to rapidly and efficiently insert the attachments through a substantial variety of objects. Furthermore, the prior art attachments do not exhibit anchoring means which enable the attachment to be engaged on an apertured panel for support purposes, a useful feature when the attachments are utilized as bundling devices for wire and the like.
It is the prime object of this invention to modify the construction of filament and socket type attachments so as to permit their insertion through objects by mechanical means.
It is a further object to modify the construction in such a manner that the individual attachments can be combined in a clip or assembly of attachments which can be readily used with an automated attaching device.
It is still a further object to provide a filament and socket attachment whose use is not dependent on the presence of a pro-formed opening in the object to be secured.
It is another object to provide the attachment with anchoring means in order to permit its engagement with apertured panels and other support members.
It is still another object to provide an attachment which can be manufactured and assembled by means of simple, inexpensive machinery operations.
To these ends, the attachment is provided, as in the priorart constructions, with a socketed body from which the filament extends, the filament having a plurality of heads distributed along the length thereof, which heads are adapted to be received in or to pass through the socket on the body, that socket engaging with the head along the length of the filament so as to reliably retain the filament in the socket once it has been placed therein, the entire attachment preferably being formed of some appropriate plastic material which can be manufactured, as by molding, at relatively low cost in substantial numbers.
The instant attachment is distinguished from the prior art constructions primarily on the basis of a normally laterally oriented cross bar which is secured to the end of the filament opposite an expansible socket. The presence of this cross bar enable the attachment to function in areas where it previously could not, namely, to be formed into an assembly which can be utilized with mechanical attaching devices and thereby be inserted into objects which do not contain pre-existing openings. Thus, the presence of the cross bar enables the individual attachments to be integrally connected to and strung along a mounting rod by means of severable necks. The attachments in the resulting assembly or clip may then be effectively and rapidly attached to an object by means of an automatic attaching device. The expansible socket acts with the cross bar to limit the extent to which the switching of attachment is possible. Furthermore, the cross bar provides a convenient and readily accessible member by which the filament can be drawn to a desired tension. Even if the heads are pulled in reverse through the socket, the cross bar will tend to be caught in the expansible socket and hinder removal of the attachment.
As previously indicated, such an attaching apparatus is disclosed in Bone U.S. Pat. No. 3,103,666. As there disclosed, the apparatus provides means for feeding an assembly of attachments such that the cross bars of adjacent attachments are brought successively into register with the base of a hollowneedle. The thus positioned attachment is then severed from the assembly at its neck portion and a plunger is effective to drive its cross bar through the needle with the filament projecting laterally through the slot. If the needle has been previously inserted through an object, the cross bar likewise is inserted therethrough, the thin filament being bent over onto the trailing portion of the cross bar as it passes through the object. The needle is removed and the cross bar is thereafter effective to maintain the object threaded on the filament.
In addition, the instant attachment is an improvement over the prior art constructions by virtue of the anchoring means present thereon. Thus, anchoring means in the form of a slotted finger having barbs projecting therefrom extends laterally out from said socket body and is adapted to pass through and engage an aperture in a panel or other support member. In this manner, the attachment as a whole may be anchored on the support member, thereby providing the mounting and support which is particularly useful when the attachments are utilized for bundling purposes.
To the accomplishment of the above, and to such other objects as may hereinafter appear, the present invention relates to an attachment and an assembly of attachments as defined in the appended claims and as described in this specification taken together with the accompanying drawings, in which:
FIG. 1 is a view, in perspective, of the attachment as sembly of this invention showing the component parts of the individual attachments thereof;
FIG. 2 is a side elevational view of an attachment of this invention showing the filament inserted through the socket and secured to an object;
FIG. 3 is a top plan view showing the anchoring means engaged with an apertured panel; and
FIG. 4 is a side elevational view of an attachment of this invention showing its use for the bundling of wire.
The preferred attachment embodiment of the instant inventi is illustrated in FIGS. 1 and 2. As there shown, the attachment 10 comprises an elongated filament 12, a normally laterally oriented bar 14 at one end thereof,
a body member 16 with a expansible socket 22 at the other end thereof, and a series of heads 18 spaced along the length of filament 12. Cross bar 14 is illustrated as a relatively thin cylinder connected at its midpoint to filament l2 and extending generally at right angles to said filament 12 to form with the filament 12 a generally T configuration. The cross bar 14 is shown in FIG. 1 as having a circular cross section but various other shapes may be suitable.
In one manner of operation, as will be described in more detail hereinafter, the cross bar 14 is inserted through an object along its axial direction, the object being threaded onto the filament 12 adjacent the cross bar 14, the cross bar 14 thereafter serving to retain the object on the filament 12. Accordingly, cross bar 14 must have a sufficient maximum length-to-width ratio to effectively prevent the object from slipping off the filament 12. In addition, cross bar 14 must have a sufficiently small effective cross section to allow it to be threaded through the object without produce ing an adverse effect, as well as to allow it to pass through the expansible socket.
Body member 16, which is situated at the end of filament opposite to the cross bar 14, has a passage 20 therethrough terminating in an expansible socket 22. Preferably the socket 22 has an outlet aperture 23 that is circular in cross section and the heads 18 are conical. The heads 18 are slightly larger than the outlet aperture 23 of the passage 20 through socket 22 so that they seat upon the mouth at the outlet aperture 23 of the socket 22 as shown in FIG. 2 and must be forced through socket 22, the heads 18 contacting the walls of the socket 22 and causing them to expand. If desired, the sides of socket 22 may be slotted to form individual fingers as indicated to facilitate the spreading of socket 22 when the cross bar 14 and the heads 18 are forced therethrough. Hence, once the cross bar 14 and the desired number of heads 18 have been passed through socket 22 thereby producing a loop of filament 12 of the desired circumferential length, the filament 12 will not be able to be pulled back out from socket 22 because of the cross bar 14 and the resistance afforded by the engagement of the trailing surface of each of the heads 18 with the tip of socket 22.
As shown in FIG. 1, a plurality of attachments III are integrally molded together in an assembly strung along mounting rod 24 by means of necks 26. Thus, the laterally oriented bar 14 on each attachment It) is secured to the rod 24 by means of a neck 26 which can be readily severed during insertion of the attachment. This construction is particularly well suited for use with attaching devices of the Bone U.S. Pat. No. 3,103,666 variety inasmuch as a single actuation of the device can rapidly sever the attachment, insert the filament and desired number of heads through the socket, and insert the cross bar and filament through an object.
The attachments are preferably integrally molded of a thermoplastic material such as nylon in a manner described in considerable detail in Bone U.S. Pat. No. 3,444,597, issued May 20, 1969 and assigned to the assignee of the instant application. In a typical embodiment, the filament 12 extends approximately 4 inches in length and the bar 14 is approximately 13/32 in. in length and 0.045 inch in diameter. It should be noted, however, that these dimensions may be varied considerably depending upon the particular attachment and its specific end use application.
The manner of use and' functioning of the attachments described herein will now be apparent. The assembly of FIG. 1 is inserted into an automatic tag attachment mechanism of the type described in the aforementioned Bone patentand the cross bars 14 are successively aligned with the hollow needle at its base.
The needle pierces theobject to be secured and is then inserted through the socket 22. If a tag T is'also to beattached, the needle will generally be passed through the tag subsequent to its insertion through socket 22. As the attaching device is actuated, the thus positioned attachment is severed from the assembly at its neck portion 26 and the cross bar 14 is forced through the needle and consequently through object 0 and socket 22 by a plunger, the filament 12 projecting laterally outwardly through the axially extending slot in the needle. As the cross bar 14 moves past the object 0 and socket 22, the filament is pulled inwardly toward the needle and is bent substantially 90 onto the trailing portion of the cross bar 14. It will be apparent that the size of the hole produced in the fabric depends not only on the size of the needle but also on the effective crosssectional area of the filament l2 and its flexibility. As the cross bar 14 leaves the needle it springs back to the T configuration with relation to filament 12. The needle is removed from the object 0 and socket 22 resulting in object 0 being effectively attached to filament 12. The loop which is formed by the insertion of filament 12 through socket 22 may be of any circumferential length depending upon the number of heads 18 passed through socket 22. The loop thus functions to hold an article or tag thereon, or may be used as a connector for holding articles together.
As an optional feature, attachment 10 may be provided with anchoring means 28 to facilitate mounting attachment 10 on any conventional apertured support member. Anchoring means 28 is an integrally formed part of body member 16 and generally comprises finger 30 extending laterally out from socket 22, finger 30 having slotted section 32 and projections or barbs 34, 36 extending therefrom in the plane of said finger 30. As shown in FIG. 3, finger 30 engages an apertured panel 38 or other apertured support member by passing through the aperture and having barbs 34, 36 contact the edges of the aperture so as to prevent withdrawal of finger 30. The width of the aperture in panel 38 will be smaller than the distance between the outer extremities of projections 34 and 36. In this manner, the resiliency of finger 30 and the inward flexibility provided by slot 32 permit the projections 34, 36 to be compressed for insertion through the smaller aperture and then to expand to their normal dimensions upon emerging from the aperture. Attachment 10 is thus securely mounted onto panel 38 with projections 34, 36 functioning as stops when they engage the far side of panel 38, thereby preventing the withdrawal of attachment l0 therefrom. Likewise, socket 22 limits the movement of finger 30 through the aperture by functioning as a stop when it engages the near side of panel 38.
FIG. 4 depicts the use of the attachment of this invention for tying and supporting wire bundles. In operation, filament 12 is passed around wire strands W and inserted through socket 22 by means of the procedure described hereinabove. Filament 12 is then pulled securely about the wire strands W and through socket 22 until no additional heads 18 can be passed through socket 22. The loop thus formed binds the wires W together as a unit, the inability of filament 12 to be pulled back out from socket 22 due to the conical shape of heads 18 and the engagement of the tipof socket 22 with the trailing surface 'of the last of heads 18 to be pulled therethrough preventing any loosening of the tightly bound bundle. The length of filament 12 which I has been pulled throughsocket 22'may, thereafter, be severed from the assembly. As previously discussed, anchoring means'28 facilitates the mounting and support of the tied bundle, said a'nchoring means 28 engaging'ap'ertured support panel 38 in the manner described to secure the bundle in a fixed position on the panel 38. Depending upon the specific nature of the bundling system, the attachment may be mounted on panel 38 either prior or subsequent to the tying operation.
By means of the construction of the present invention, attachments may be formed with the same facility and relative inexpensiveness as is the case with comparable attachments now on the market. The instant attachments will have the significant advantage, however, of containing a laterally oriented bar thereon which permits it to be inserted through objects which do not exhibit preformed openings and to be formed into assemblies or clips of a plurality of attachments, thus permitting their rapid and effective insertion by mechanical devices. The construction also contains anchoring means which facilitates the mounting of such attachments on apertured support members.
As previously indicated, the attachments may be utilized to secure tags or labels to articles, to combine two or more articles, and to bundle a number of articles, as well as to perform a combination of these functions simultaneously.
While the invention has been described in terms of the specific embodiments herein, it should be apparent that variations may be developed without departing from the spirit or scope of the invention.
1. An attachment device comprising a filament having a body member at one end and a bar at the other end,
said body member having a passage therethrough defining an expansive socket through which said filament is passable,
said bar having a length which exceeds that of the passage through said body member and being normally disposed in an orthogonal position relative to said filament,
said device being fabricated of a material which permits said bar to be folded against said filament and has sufficient resiliency that the bar springs back spontaneously into its orthogonal position after being passed through said passage.
2. The device of claim 1, wherein said laterally oriented bar extends substantially at right angles to said filament.
3. The device of claim 1, wherein said body member is provided with anchoring means extending laterally out from said socket, said anchoring means being slotted and having projections externally present thereon thereby being effective to engage and cooperate with an apertured support means.
4. The device of claim 1 which is constituted by a one-piece assembly of molded plastic material.
5. The device of claim 1, wherein said socket is slotted.
6. The device of claim 1 wherein said socket is formed by a plurality of individual fingers.
7. The device of claim 1 further including at least one laterally enlarged head on said filament.
8. The device of claim 7, wherein said socket is slotted bar extends substantially at right angles to said filament.
9. An assemblage of a plurality of-attachments, each attachment comprising a filament having a body member at one end and a bar at the other end, said body member having a passage therethrough defining an expansive socket through which said filament is passable, said bar having a length which exceeds that of the passage through said body member and being normally 8 disposed in an orthogonal position relative to said filament, said device bieng fabricated of'a material which permits said bar to be folded against said filament and has sufficient resiliency that the bar springs back spontaneously into its orthogonal position after being passed through said passage, said assemblage including a mounting element to which the bars of said attachments are secured.
l0. Assemblage of claim 9 wherein each socket is slotted.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3114184 *||Feb 23, 1962||Dec 17, 1963||Robert Bigaouette Jean||Closure for bags and the like|
|US3214808 *||Aug 15, 1962||Nov 2, 1965||Litwin Walter J||Holder band|
|US3224054 *||Feb 13, 1963||Dec 21, 1965||Frederick O Lige||Wire ties|
|US3273705 *||Jul 22, 1963||Sep 20, 1966||Fastener|
|US3402435 *||Apr 26, 1967||Sep 24, 1968||Dennison Mfg Co||Tag attaching or bundle fastening device|
|US3473768 *||Mar 20, 1967||Oct 21, 1969||Thomas & Betts Corp||Wire bundle clamp|
|US3686717 *||Mar 5, 1971||Aug 29, 1972||Dennison Mfg Co||Article attachment and mounting device|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4554711 *||Sep 25, 1984||Nov 26, 1985||Monarch Marking Systems, Inc.||Fastener assembly and mold for making same|
|US4559676 *||Nov 25, 1981||Dec 24, 1985||Dennison Manufacturing Company||Filament fastener with locking head|
|US4901403 *||Dec 14, 1987||Feb 20, 1990||Larsen Bj Rn E H||Fastening means for fastening a protective sheet material to a scaffold or a similar frame structure|
|US6347435 *||Feb 25, 2000||Feb 19, 2002||Avery Dennison Corporation||Rivet tie for coupling together two or more objects|
|US6442806||Mar 24, 2000||Sep 3, 2002||U-Haul International, Inc.||Fastening device with non-reversible slide-on heads|
|US20040111839 *||Dec 12, 2002||Jun 17, 2004||Orlande Sivacoe||Releasable tie|
|US20060117663 *||Dec 2, 2005||Jun 8, 2006||Dr. Ing. H.C. F. Porsche Aktiengesellschaft||Holder clip, particularly for a motor vehicle car body|
|WO2001062113A1 *||Feb 23, 2001||Aug 30, 2001||Avery Dennison Corporation||Rivet tie for coupling together two or more objects|
|U.S. Classification||24/16.0PB, 24/704.2|
|International Classification||G09F3/14, G09F3/08|