|Publication number||US3924796 A|
|Publication date||Dec 9, 1975|
|Filing date||Jun 27, 1972|
|Priority date||Jul 8, 1971|
|Also published as||DE2232799A1, DE2232799B2|
|Publication number||US 3924796 A, US 3924796A, US-A-3924796, US3924796 A, US3924796A|
|Inventors||Gad Anders Rausing, Sven Gosta Uno Sevrell, Sven Olof Soren Stark|
|Original Assignee||Tetra Pak Dev|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (8), Referenced by (6), Classifications (17), Legal Events (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent 1 1 3,9 4, 96
Rausing et a]. Dec. 9, 1975 PACKAGING CONTAINERS 3,175,250 3/1965 Bump 229/17 G [751 Gad Anders Ram-M99881- 3533 35 351323 k223i? 15 5/18; Stark, Rydsgard; Sven 3,386,876 6/1968 Wyckoff 161/109 Costa U110 Sevrell, Lund, all f 3,649,437 3/1972 Wolinski et al. 161/402 Sweden 3,682,730. 8/1972 Haase 161/160 3,688,934 9/1972 Linder 215/32  Assignee: Tetra Pak Developpement SA,
Lausanne, Switzerland Primary ExaminerGeorge E. Lowrance  Flled' June 1972 Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Pierce, Scheffler & Parker  Appl. No.: 266,721
30 Foreign Application Priority Data  ABSTRACT July 8, 1971 Sweden 8821/71 A packaging container and method of making same in which the finished container has a sealing fin extend-  US. Cl 229/17 G; 161/402; 229/3.5 R; ing upwardly from the top of the container and trans- 229/37; 229/51 TS versely of the container, said fin comprising two sec-  Int. Cl. B65D 5/74 tions of the container blank which are heat sealed to-  Field of Search 229/37, 17 G, 3.5 R; gether by the use of a layer of thermoplastic material 161/402, 160, 232, 250, 270, 402; 220/27 0n the sections said layer being molecularly oriented in the longitudinal direction of the fin so that opening  References Cited of the package may be facilitated.
UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,157,462 10/1915 Van Wormer 229/17 G 3 Claims 6 Drawmg F'gures US. Patent Dec. 9, 1975 Sheet 1 of2 3,924,796
U.S. Patsnt Dec. 9, 1975 Sheet 2 of2 3,924,796
PACKAGING CONTAINERS The present invention relates to a packing container of the type that is manufactured from a web or a flat blank of a thermoplastic-coated carrier material by folding and hot-sealing of the packing material, the intention being to close the packing container formed after filling by means of sealing along a sealing fin which extends transversely across the packing containers.
In the manufacture of disposable packages, especially for liquids, a packing material is often used which consists of a carrier layer which is coated, at least on the side which is intended to form the inside of the packing containers, with a homogeneous, heat-sealable plastic material. The carrier material used most commonly is paper or cardboard and the coating material occurring most commonly is probably polyethylene, and the packing material is manufactured most fre quently in the form of a web, from which either package blanks are punched out, or from which the packing containers are made by folding the web into a tube which is then sealed along its longitudinal edges, whereupon the tube can be filled with the filling goods and be sealed up to individual packages by means of successive transverse sealings at a distance from one another.
If the packing containers are intended to be manufactured from blanks, these are punched out first, as mentioned above, from the packing material web, whereupon the said blanks are formed to packing containers by folding them along folding lines, preferably provided in advance, which facilitate the folding, and these packing containers are then closed by heat-sealing, which is made possible by virtue of the said thermoplastic coatmgs.
The packages of the abovementioned type, which are manufactured of paper or cardboard with a thermoplastic layer of e.g. polyethylene, are relatively hard to open, however, since the carrier material layer is difficult to tear and the thermoplastic layer supplies a tough inner membrane which renders more difficult the ripping open of the packages. To facilitate the opening of these known packages it is customary to arrange tearing indications in the package walls in the form of perforations partly breaking through the package walls. It has become apparent, however, that these tearing indications are not as effective as would be desired, and that it is difficult besides to arrange these tearing indications in the packing material in such a manner that an absolute guarantee exists that the packaging material will not be completely punched through.
To overcome the disadvantages mentioned above it is suggested in accordancewith the present invention to provide a packing container which is characterized in that the carrier material is made of polystyrene foam which is coated with one or more plastic layers of one or more thermoplastic materials which plastic layer or layers is or are given molecular orientation in a direction which coincides with the longitudinal direction of the said sealing fins.
The invention concerns the manner of manufacture of a packing container in accordance with the invention, which manner is characterized in that a web of polystyrene foam is coated by extrusion with one or more homogenuous layers of thermoplastic material, the coating being carried out so that the speed of the 2 web is kept higher than the speed at which the thermoplastic material issues from the extruder, which has the result that the thermoplastic layer or layers is or are subjected to a molecule-orientating stretching in connection with the coating, that the packing blanks are punched from the web, the said blanks at the punching being orientated in such a manner in relation to the web, that the parts which are intended to form the sealing fins of the packing containers are orientated in the longitudinal direction of the web.
The invention will be described in the following with reference to the enclosed diagrammatic drawing, in which;
FIG. 1 shows a packing material web indicating a row of packing blanks arranged one after the other,
FIG. 2 shows a finished package and how the same is opened,
FIG. 3 shows a method for the manufacture of'packing material for packages in accordance with the inven tion, and
FIG. 4 shows an enlarged cross-section through a packaging material web.
FIG. 1 shows a packing material web' 1, on which packing blanks 2 are arranged one after the other. In the figure are shown the packing blanks 2 before they are separated from the web but after the folding lines facilitating the folding have been put on the web 1. As is apparent from FIG. 1, the packing blanks 2 are oriented across the packing material web 1, and each packing blank 2 has four side walls 4 and a longitudinal joint section 13, which is intended to be used as a connecting section when the packing blank 2 through folding has acquired tubular shape with square or rectangular cross-section. Each one of the packing blanks 2 is provided moreover with top closure sections 5,9,10, and bottom closure flaps 7,8,11. The hatched areas 6 are meant to be punched away from the web and the punched away material has to be removed as unavoidable waste.
The top closure sections of the packing blank 2 comprise two rectangular sections 5 and two triangular sections 9, the sections 5 and 9 being joined to one another by means of triangular backfolding sections 10. The rectangular sections 5 as well as the backfolding sections 10 are joined moreover to the sealing section 3.
At the formation of the top of the packages the triangular sections 9 are folded in towards one another over the opening of the packing container, the backfolding sections 10 coming to be located between the rectangular sections 5 and the triangular sections 9. The closure sections 3 will be placed together to form a flattened sealing fin 16.
The bottom of the package is formed in a similar manner as the top of the package, but with the difference that the bottom-forming flaps 7,8,11,12 are not connected to any sealing section, but the sealing of the bottom is done in that the longer of the rectangular bottom sections 8 with its outer part has to overlap the shorter rectangular flap 7 and that all the bottom-forming sections are folded together in a flat bottom which is pressed together between heated surfaces so that the thermoplastic coatings are made to melt and retain the bottom-forming sections in the position where they are inserted in each other.
In FIG. 2a is shown a finished package in which the folded together closure sections 3 form a sealing fin 16. The sealing sections 3 are sealed to each other along a sealing region 17, which in the case shown here does not extend over the whole height of the sealing fin 16.
By arranging the top closure of the package in the above manner a tight and stable package is obtained. However, if the package is to be manufactured e.g. of cardboard it will be very difficult to. open it even if scissors or a knife are used, since it will be necessary to cut or clip through four layers of cardboard below the sealing area 17 of the sealing fin, that is to say in the area marked 18 in FIG. 23.
If the packing material instead of cardboard is made of foamed plastic, e.g. an extruded polystyrene foam which is coated with a layer of homogeneous plastic oriented in longitudinal direction of the web the opening work will become considerably easier, owing to the fact that an extruded film of polystyrene foam will be readily tearable without any weakening being provided beforehand in the packing material. This homogeneous foamed plastic layer can in fact be readily torn in orientation direction, whilst it is very difficult to rip it in other directions. By using in this manner a polystyrene foam as a carrier packing material and an oriented homogeneous plastic film, preferably polystyrene film, as a coating material on the carrier layer, the packing material can very easily be torn in the direction of orientation of the homogeneous plastic layer whilst it can be torn only with difficulty in other directions. As it is desired in the present case to open the package by ripping up the sealing fin 16 below the sealing region 17, the packaging blanks are punched out of a web in the manner as shown in FIG. 1, where the carrier packing material layer consists of extruded polystyrene foam and the homogeneous plastic layer consists of polystyrene film which is molecule-oriented in longitudinal direction of the web. Since the homogeneous plastic layer in the embodiment shown here has its direction of orientation in the same direction as the length of the sealing fin 16, it becomes simple to rip off the sealing fin 16 along the area 18 below the sealing region 17, but for further facilitation of the tearing it is of course possible to provide a light perforation or slotsalong the tearing area 18.
When the sealing fin 16 has been ripped up along the ripping area 18, as illustrated in FIG. 2b. the ripped-up parts of the fin 16 are folded out or torn off, whereupon the folded-in triangular flap 19 can be pulled out in the manner as shown in FIG. 20 to form a rhomboidal opening 20, through which the contents in the packages 14 become accessible.
The invention also relates to the manner of manufacture of a packing material of the kind which is used in packages in accordance with the invention, that is to say a packing material which consists of a web of polystyrene foam with a coat of homogeneous, moleculeoriented plastic material, which is molecule-oriented in the direction of the web. The homogeneous plastic material may preferably consist of homogeneous polystyrene film and the polystyrene foam web can likewise preferably be extruded. In Flg. 3 is shown how a previously manufactured, extruded polystyrene foam web 30 is rolled off a cylinder and is passed over guide rolls 26,27 and subsequently underneath an extruder 31. Through the extruder 31 is extruded a homogeneous polystyrene film 32 which is placed on the polystyrene foam web 30, whereupon the coated web 30 is introduced between cooled press rolls 28,29 for a lamination of the material.
By keeping the speed of the web 30 appreciably higher than the speed of extrusion of the polystyrene material from the extruder 31, a stretching of the extruded polystyrene film 32 takes place, which stretching may be between 5 and 20 times. By virtue of the stretching in conjunction with the lamination a molecule orientation of the extruded polystyrene plastic is achieved which, as described earlier, has the result that the layer of polystyrene plastic can readily be ripped open in the direction of orientation, whilst it can be torn only with difficulties in other directions.
Finally in FIG. 4 is shown an enlarged cross-section through a manufactured packing material web, the polystyrene foam layer being marked 30 and the extruded and oriented homogeneous polystyrene layer marked 32.
It was found that an excellent packing material for the abovementioned purpose is obtained when a previously extruded polystyrene foam web of a thickness between 0.25 and 1.5 mm is coated with a homogeneous polystyrene film which in this orientated layer has a thickness between 0.02 and 0.2 mm. It was found that plastic material other than polystyrene can also be used as a coating layer, and it was found possible for example to use polyethylene or polypropylene. The best results were achieved, however, with polystyrene as a coating material.
It is also possible of course to coat the outside of the polystyrene foam with a plastic layer so as to enhance the appearance of the package. The polystyrene foam material is not moisture-absorbing in the same manner as paper or cardboard however, and an outside coating of plastic material is therefore not essential as a protection of the packages against atmospheric moisture.
1. In a packaging container formed from a flat blank of a polystyrene foam packaging material having at least one layer of at least one homogeneous thermoplastic material thereon, the container having, at the top thereof, a sealing fin extending upwardly from the top of the package and transversely thereacross, said fin being formed by heat sealing together two sections of the blank, the improvement wherein the at least one layer of at least one homogeneous thermoplastic material on the sections forming the fin are molecularly oriented only in the longitudinal direction of the sealing fin across the top of the container, to facilitate tearing said fin to open the container.
2. A packaging container as claimed in claim 1 wherein the at least one homogeneous thermoplastic material is selected from the group consisting of polystyrene, polyethylene and polypropylene.
3. A packaging container as claimed in claim 1 wherein the at least one homogeneous thermoplastic material is polystyrene.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1157462 *||Dec 15, 1914||Oct 19, 1915||J R Van Wormer And Co||Folded-blank box.|
|US3175250 *||May 31, 1962||Mar 30, 1965||Arvid Marlo||Molding unit|
|US3203614 *||Dec 31, 1962||Aug 31, 1965||Riegel Paper Corp||Container|
|US3383261 *||Mar 8, 1965||May 14, 1968||Phillips Petroleum Co||Method and apparatus for forming a biaxially oriented plastic film laminate|
|US3386876 *||Jun 2, 1961||Jun 4, 1968||Avisun Corp||Non-woven net manufacture|
|US3649437 *||Sep 26, 1969||Mar 14, 1972||Du Pont||Thermoformed folding cartons|
|US3682730 *||Nov 14, 1969||Aug 8, 1972||Mobil Oil Corp||Method for laminating oriented thermoplastic film to thermoplastic foam|
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|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4051280 *||Jun 9, 1975||Sep 27, 1977||Westvaco Corporation||Process for coating to form a foam find protective package|
|US4248351 *||Jun 20, 1978||Feb 3, 1981||Tetra Pak International Ab||Packaging container with a pouring spout|
|US4834241 *||Mar 14, 1988||May 30, 1989||Southern Albert M||Gable top paperboard container with tactile indicia indicating opening spout|
|US5938107 *||Oct 29, 1996||Aug 17, 1999||Tetra Laval Holdings & Finance S.A.||Packaging container and a blank for producing the same|
|US8875875||Mar 14, 2011||Nov 4, 2014||Comfort Revolution, LLC||Sealable and stackable packages for bedding products|
|US8875876||May 30, 2012||Nov 4, 2014||Comfort Revolution, LLC||Stackable packages for bedding products|
|U.S. Classification||229/214, 229/5.84, 428/319.9, 428/318.6, 428/317.7|
|International Classification||B65D5/06, B29C47/00, B05D7/02, B65D5/56|
|Cooperative Classification||B65D5/068, B65D5/563, B29C47/00, B05D7/02|
|European Classification||B05D7/02, B65D5/56B, B29C47/00, B65D5/06D1|
|Mar 6, 1989||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: AKTIEBOLAGET TETRA PAK
Free format text: CHANGE OF NAME;ASSIGNOR:TETRA PAK INTERNATIONAL AKTIEBOLAG;REEL/FRAME:005150/0367
Effective date: 19870831