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Publication numberUS3925740 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 9, 1975
Filing dateJul 19, 1974
Priority dateJul 19, 1974
Publication numberUS 3925740 A, US 3925740A, US-A-3925740, US3925740 A, US3925740A
InventorsSteensma Peter Dennis
Original AssigneeItt
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Tuning structures for microstrip transmission lines
US 3925740 A
Abstract
Two embodiments are disclosed to tune microstrip transmission lines. One embodiment includes a stub strip conductor disposed on the microstrip transmission line substrate at right angles with respect to and spaced from the strip conductor of the microstrip transmission line and a tuning member at right angles to the substrate disposed over the gap between the stub strip conductor and the strip conductor. When the distance of the tuning member above the substrate is varied the shunt impedance of the microstrip transmission is varied. The other embodiment includes a tuning member threaded in a hole through the carrier of the microstrip transmission line with the metallization removed from the ground plane of the microstrip transmission line immediately above the hole. The inward and outward movement of the tuning member provides a variable series impedance for the microstrip transmission line.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

[ Dec. 9, 1975 TUNING STRUCTURES FOR MICROSTRIP Primary Examiner-Paul L. Gensler TRANSIVIISSION LINES Attorney, Agent, or Firm-John T. OHalloran; [75] Inventor: Peter Dennis Steensma, Midland I Menom LDmbardl Alfred Park i 57 ABSTRACT [73] Ass'gnee: Intematmnal Telephone and Two embodiments are disclosed to tune microstrip Telegraph Corporanon Nutley transmission lines. One embodiment includes a stub July 19, 1974 strip conductor disposed on the microstrip transmission line substrate at right angles with respect to and spaced from the strip conductor of the microstrip transmission line and a tuning member at right angles 333/ 2 3; 333 24 333 34 M to the substrate disposed over the gap between the H01 7/00; 01 H20 stub strip conductor and the strip conductor. When 33 3 24 C, 7 S, 82 B, 84 R the distance of the tuning member above the substrate 333/34 M 12 is varied the shunt impedance of the microstrip transmission is varied. The other embodiment includes a Refe Cit d tuning member threaded in a hole through the carrier UNITED STATES PATENTS of the microstrip transmission line with the metallization removed from the ground plane of the microstrip transmission line immediately above the hole. The inward and outward movement of the tuning member Umted States Patent Steensrna [22 Filed:

[21] Appl. No.: 489,956

[52] U.S. [51] Im. [58] Field 0fSearch.....

alllllllllllllllldflrllllllldm i av 8 6 w 7 333/24 C 333/84 R 333/84 M provides a variable series impedance for the microstrip transmission line.

3 Claims, 4 Drawing Figures k Ill/11101011111114 3/1967 Swan 12/1967 Kelley.... 10/197] Askew TUNING STRUCTURES FOR MICROSTRIP TRANSMISSION LINES BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to microwave transmission lines, and more particularly to tuning structures for a microstrip transmission line.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION An object of the present invention is the provision of a structure to change an impedance of a microstrip transmission line and thereby tune this transmission line.

Another object of the present invention is the provision of a structure to change the shunt impedance of The tuning structure is provided by an arrangement inthe microstrip transmission line and thereby tune this 1 transmission line.

Another object of the present invention is the provision of a structure to vary the series impedance of a microstrip transmission line and thereby tune this transmission line.

A feature of the present invention is to provide a tuning structure for a microstrip transmission line comprising: a substrate; a ground plane disposed on one surface of the substrate; a strip conductor disposed on the other surface of the substrate superimposed with respect to the ground plane, the substrate, the ground plane and the strip conductor providing the microstrip transmission line; a carrier in association with the ground plane to support the microstrip transmission line; and an arrangement including a tuning member associated with the strip conductor and capable of moving in a perpendicular relationship with respect to the substrate to change an impedance of the microstrip transmission line and thereby tune the microstrip transmission line.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING Above-mentioned and other features and objectsof this invention will become more apparent by reference to the following description taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawing, in which:

FIG. 1 is a top plan view with the enclosure cover removed of one embodiment of a tuning structure for tuning a microstrip transmission line in accordance with the principles of the present invention;

FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view taken along line 2--2 of FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is a top plan view with the enclosure cover removed of a second embodiment of a tuning structure for tuning a microstrip transmission line in accordance with the principles of the present invention; and

FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view taken along line 4-4 of FIG. 3.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Referring to FIGS. 1 and 2, there is disclosed therein a tuning structure for tuning a microstrip transmission line in accordance with the principles of the present invention. The microstrip transmission line is a conventional microstrip transmission line manufactured by any of the well known printed circuit techniques and includes a substrate 1, ground plane 2 disposed on one surface of substrate 1 and strip conductor 3 disposed on the other surface of substrate 1. When this transmiscluding a tuning member 6 suspended above gap 7 between strip conductor 3 and stub strip conductor 8 disposed on substrate 1 at right angles with respect to strip conductor 3. Stub strip conductor 8 can be formed upon substrate 1 employing any of the well known printed circuit techniques. When member 6 is varied in distance from substrate 1 in a direction perpendicular thereto the capacitance across the gap 7 is varied and the total stub impedance presented to the microstrip transmission line varies. Thus, a variable shunt impedance is created which will enable tuning the microstrip transmission line.

Tuning member 6 may be a dielectric rod threaded in cover 9 of enclosure 5 but preferably tuning member 6 is metallic as illustrated enabling a more efficient tuning of the microstrip transmission line. Member 6 may be a continuous member screwed into a threaded aperture in cover 9 for movement perpendicular to substrate 1 or as illustrated member 6 may be threaded on to a dielectric rod 10 which in turn is screwed into a threaded aperture in cover 9.

The enclosure 5 with its cover 9 is employed in a conventional manner to isolate the microstrip transmission line from other electrical components of the overall system in which it is included. This isolation prevents radio frequency energy from leaking from the microstrip transmission line which may have detrimental effects upon other radio frequency components of the system. Also, the isolation provided by enclosure 5 and its cover 9 prevents radio frequency energy from other radio frequency components from interferring with the operation of the microstrip transmission line.

Referring to FIGS. 3 and 4, there is disclosed therein a second embodiment of a tuning structure for tuning a microstrip transmission line in accordance with the principles of the present invention. As in FIGS. 1 and 2, the microstrip transmission line is manufactured by employing any one of the known printed circuit techniques and includes a strip conductor 11 deposited on one surface of substrate 12 and ground plane 13 deposited on the other surface of substrate 12. When incorporated into an assembly or a subassembly of an overall system, the microstrip transmission line is supported by a carrier 14 within an enclosure 15. A threaded hold 16 is provided in carrier 14 and enclosure 15 and at the same time ground plane 13 is removed from substrate 12 at region 17 to provide an extension of hole 16 to the bottom of the substrate 12. A screw 18 is threaded into hole 16. As screw 18 is moved in and out of carrier 14, the flux path to ground from the microstrip transmission line above the screw is shortened and lengthened. This changes the capacitance of the microstrip transmission line immediately above screw 18 and hence the characteristic impedance Z of the microstrip transmission line which has a value given approximately by the following formula:

(phase velocity) (uniuength) 3 The affect of this arrangement is to create a variable impedance in series with the transmission path of the microstrip transmission line and hence a variable series impedance for the microstrip transmission line which will enable tuning this transmission line.

Since screw 18 has a diameter greater than the width of strip conductor 11 a portion 19 of conductor 11 in operative association with screw 18 is widened to a width equal to the diameter of screw 18 and portion 19 has a length equal to the diameter of screw 18 to provide a more efficient control of the series impedance.

The enclosure of this arrangement has the same purpose as enclosure 5 of the arrangement of FIGS. 1 and 2.

While I have described above the principles of my invention in connection with specific apparatus it is to be clearly understood that this description is made only by way of example and not as a limitation to the scope of my invention as set forth in the objects thereof and in the accompanying claims.

I claim:

1. A tuning structure for a microstrip transmission line comprising:

a substrate;

a ground plane disposed on one surface of said substrate;

a strip conductor disposed on the other surface of said substrate superimposed with respect to said ground plane, said substrate, said ground plane and said strip conductor providing said microstrip transmission line;

a carrier in association with said ground plane to support said microstrip transmission line;

an arrangement including a tuning member associated with said strip conductor and capable of moving inward and outward in a perpendicular relationship with respect to said substrate to change an impedance of said microstrip transmission line and thereby tune said microstrip transmission line; and

an enclosure for said transmission line, said carrier and said arrangement to provide a radio frequency interference shield therefore;

said arrangement further including a stub strip conductor disposed on said other surface of said substrate spaced from and at right angles to said strip conductor, the spacing of said stub strip conductor and said strip conductor 4 provides a gap in operative association with said tuning member, said tuning member varying a capacitance across said gap and thereby the total shunt impedance presented to said microstrip transmission line.

2. A tuning structure according to claim 1, wherein said tuning member is metallic.

3. A tuning structure for a microstrip transmission line comprising:

a substrate;

a ground plane disposed on one surface of said substrate;

a strip conductor disposed on the other surface of said substrate superimposed with respect to said ground plane, said substrate, said ground plane and said strip conductor providing said microstrip transmission line;

a carrier in association with said ground plane to support said microstrip transmission line;

an arrangement including a tuning member associated with said strip conductor and capable of moving inward and outward in a perpendicular relationship with respect to said substrate to change an impedance of said microstrip transmission line and thereby tune said microstrip transmission line; and an enclosure for said transmission line, said carrier and said arrangement to provide a radio frequency interference shield therefore; said arrangement further including a hole at right angles to said substrate through said carrier, said enclosure and said ground plane; said tuning member being inserted in said hole to change the length of flux paths to ground from said microstrip transmission line and thereby the series impedance of said microstrip transmission line immediately above said tuning member;

said hole being threaded, and

said tuning member being a metallic screw screwed into said threaded hole;

said screw having a diameter greater than the width of said strip conductor, and

a portion of said strip conductor in operative association with said screw being widened to a width equal to the diameter of said screw, said portion having a length equal to the diameter of said screw.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3310760 *Aug 12, 1964Mar 21, 1967Bell Telephone Labor IncStrip line tuning structures
US3359513 *Aug 31, 1965Dec 19, 1967Kelley Douglas JStrip transmission line having phase trimmer means
US3613035 *Nov 13, 1969Oct 12, 1971Rca CorpTuning arrangement for a strip transmission line in a hermetically sealed package
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3999142 *Nov 12, 1975Dec 21, 1976The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The ArmyVariable tuning and feedback on high power microwave transistor carrier amplifier
US4471329 *Mar 4, 1982Sep 11, 1984Italtel Societa Italiana Telecomunicazioni S.P.A.Microwave circuit component for superhigh-frequency signals
US4472690 *Jun 14, 1982Sep 18, 1984Rockwell International CorporationUniversal transistor characteristic matching apparatus
US4535307 *Jun 30, 1982Aug 13, 1985Raytheon CompanyMicrowave circuit device package
US4618836 *Dec 24, 1984Oct 21, 1986Motorola, Inc.Wide band dielectric resonator oscillator having temperature compensation
US4618838 *Feb 12, 1985Oct 21, 1986Sony CorporationImpedance adjusting element for a microstrip circuit
US4719435 *May 5, 1986Jan 12, 1988U.S. Philips CorporationAdjustable-frequency resonant device
US4814729 *Dec 9, 1987Mar 21, 1989Rockwell International CorporationPrecisely tunable impatt diode module for weather radar apparatus
US4885556 *Nov 1, 1988Dec 5, 1989The Boeing CompanyCircularly polarized evanescent mode radiator
US4912437 *Nov 22, 1988Mar 27, 1990Solitra OyStripline circuit and method for regulating the characteristics thereof
US5391543 *Jul 8, 1992Feb 21, 1995Sumitomo Electric Industries, Ltd.Adjusting through an electromagnetic field the distance between rod having a superconducting tip and patterned superconducting signal conductor
US5616538 *Jun 6, 1994Apr 1, 1997Superconductor Technologies, Inc.High temperature superconductor staggered resonator array bandpass filter
US6392603Oct 27, 2000May 21, 2002Telefonaktiebolaget Lm Ericsson (Publ)Module antenna device
US6895262Jun 10, 2002May 17, 2005Superconductor Technologies, Inc.High temperature superconducting spiral snake structures and methods for high Q, reduced intermodulation structures
US7231238Dec 20, 2004Jun 12, 2007Superconductor Technologies, Inc.High temperature spiral snake superconducting resonator having wider runs with higher current density
US8279025Dec 9, 2008Oct 2, 2012Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company, Ltd.Slow-wave coaxial transmission line having metal shield strips and dielectric strips with minimum dimensions
US8305712Dec 23, 2009Nov 6, 2012Hitachi Global Storage Technologies, Netherlands B.V.Tunable microstrip signal transmission path in a hard disk drive
US8324979Nov 12, 2009Dec 4, 2012Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company, Ltd.Coupled microstrip lines with ground planes having ground strip shields and ground conductor extensions
EP0154496A2 *Feb 26, 1985Sep 11, 1985Sony CorporationMicrostrip circuits
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EP0522515A1 *Jul 8, 1992Jan 13, 1993Sumitomo Electric Industries, Ltd.Microwave resonator of compound oxide superconductor material
EP2575206A1 *Aug 9, 2012Apr 3, 2013Kabushiki Kaisha ToshibaFilter
WO2001031740A1 *Oct 20, 2000May 3, 2001Ericsson Telefon Ab L MModule antenna device
Classifications
U.S. Classification333/235, 333/24.00C, 333/238, 333/226
International ClassificationH01P7/08, H01P1/20, H05K1/02, H01P1/203
Cooperative ClassificationH01P3/08, H01P7/082, H05K1/0237
European ClassificationH01P3/08, H01P7/08B
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Apr 22, 1985ASAssignment
Owner name: ITT CORPORATION
Free format text: CHANGE OF NAME;ASSIGNOR:INTERNATIONAL TELEPHONE AND TELEGRAPH CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:004389/0606
Effective date: 19831122